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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514915


BACKGROUND: Although overuse-induced patella-patellar tendon junction injury is a common disease, its pathogenesis and healing mechanism remain unclear.OBJECTIVE: To establish an overuse-induced injury animal model by a repetitive traction at the patellar tendon insertion,and to explore its pathogenesis and healing mechanism based on histomorphology and growth factor expression levels.METHODS: Twenty-eight New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: the rabbit left and right posterior limbs without any intervention as controls (n=4); cyclic loading training targeting the left posterior limb was done in model,healing and training groups (n=8 per group) for 4 weeks. Afterwards, the rabbits in the model group were killed immediately, rabbits in the healing group relaxed for another 4 weeks and then were killed, while rabbits in the training group were subjected to 4-week low-intensity training. The histological changes and growth factor expression levels during patella-patellar tendon junction injury and healing after load training were observed.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the control group, in the model group, the cells and collagenous fibers arranged in disorder, and the tidemark disappeared. The healing and training groups healed incompletely, but showed better histological changes than the model group. The thickness of fibrocartilage and basic fibroblast growth factor level in the control group were significantly lower than those in the other three groups (P < 0.05). The cell density and vascular endothelial growth factor level in the model group were significantly higher than those in the control and healing groups (P < 0.05). These results show that the animal model of overuse-induced patella-patellar tendon junction injury cannot return to normal after 4 weeks of rest, but the low-intensity training is conductive to healing quality.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513473


BACKGROUND:Patella-patellar tendon junction (PPTJ) injuries are a common disease in athletes and vulnerable to re-injury. Post-injury training is a double-edged sword. OBJECTIVE:To examine the effect of post-injury resting days on the quality of healing in PPTJ in view of histomorphology, expression levels of growth factor and collagen, and muscle tension. METHODS:Forty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into control, and five post-injury training groups representing different time to restart training after acute injury:the rabbits restarted training at 24 (PIT24), 48 (PIT48), 72 (PIT72), 96 (PIT96) and 120 (PIT120) hours, respectively. All post-injury training groups received acupuncture at the PPTJ and then underwent 4-week low-intensity training. Afterwards, all rabbits were killed to take specimens for hematoxylin-eosin, safranin O and immuohistochemical staining. The muscle tension and hardness were detected using Myoton-3. The thickness of fibrous cartilage zones, cell density, as well as the expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and collagen were measured on Metamorph software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with the control group, in the PIT groups, the collagens arranged in disorder, and decreased cell density, increased mucopolysaccharide andrising tidephenomenon appeared. The fibrocartilage in the PIT24 and PIT120 groups was significantly thicker than that in the control group (P<0.05). The ratio of collagen type Ⅰ/Ⅲ was significantly decreased in the PIT24 and PIT48 groups compared with the control group (P<0.05), and the highest in the PIT72 group. The expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor in the PIT48, PIT72 and PIT96 groups was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The muscle tension was negatively correlated with the collagen ratio (r=-0.538;P<0.01) and chondrocyte density (r=-0.570;P<0.01), while muscle hardness was positively correlated with the expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor (r=0.613;P<0.01). Our results suggest that different resting time makes significant differences in the PPTJ healing and the 72-hour resting is the best choice. Moreover, muscular properties are related to the cel density, collagen synthesis and growth factor expression, which can be used as a non-invasive indicator to guide post-injury training and prevent recurrence.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 366-70, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670340


Six crystalline components were isolated from the lipophilic fraction of Artemisia annua L. They have been identified as four sesquiterpenes, one flavonol and one coumarin. Qinghaosu I and III are new sesquiterpenes. Five main constituents, camphene, iso-artemisia ketone, 1-camphor, β-carophyllene, and β-pinene were identified from the volatile oil of this herb.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 179-184, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410888


AIM In order to improve the biological activity and reduce the side effects and toxicity, a series of novel estrogen receptor antagonists were designed. METHODS The key triphenylethylene intermediates were obtained by the McMurry reaction. The target compounds were prepared by etherification. The binding affinities of the target compounds for the estrogen receptor in rat uterine cytosol were measured by a competitive binding assay and their estrogen agonistic/antagonistic properties were investigated in the 3-day uterine weight assay in the immature rats. RESULTS Thirty-five new compounds have been synthesized and their geometric configuration were determined by X-ray crystallography and 1HNMR spectral data. CONCLUSION All of the test compounds showed affinity for the estrogen receptor (IC50<10-6 mol.L-1), especially compound 35 with IC50 1.07×10-8 mol.L-1. Some compounds are antagonists, inhibiting uterus growth; others are agonists, promoting uterus growth. Compounds 14 and 27 are superior antagonists to tamoxifen.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680964


The fundamental principle of the “Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Genome Project” is to carry out genomic studies from the molecular level to discover effective functional genes in medicinal plants which may be cloned and expressed in factories or to transfer into plants for field cultivation Another approach is to carry out research studies to obtain enzymic genes capable of synthesizing bioactive compounds to be replicated in laboratory metabolic engineering processes The subject matter of “TCM Genome Project” and its significance for the modernization of TCM were expounded