Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 48
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907917

ABSTRACT

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder among children and adolescents, and it is commonly accompanied with other developmental and psychological disorders.The prevalence of obesity in children continues to rise, and it is also a major social public concern that threatens human health.As a somatic comorbidity with ADHD, obesity is characterized by a high incidence.In this paper, the focus would be placed on the underlying mechanisms of ADHD accompanied with obesity from the aspects of genetics, perinatal period, environmental and neurobiological factors, which could provide a theoretical basis and intervention strategies for the early identification, rational treatment and long-term comprehensive management, as well as prevention and treatment effects of ADHD and its comorbidities.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885637

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the whole genome characteristics of coxsackievirus A4 (CVA4) circulating in Qingdao city.Methods:Four CVA4 isolates circulating in Qingdao city during 2013 to 2015 were selected. Whole genome sequences of these strains were amplified by one-step reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis were performed using MEGA7.0 software package. Genetic recombination analysis was performed using similarity plots 3.5.1 software package.Results:Phylogenetic analysis showed that based on the sequences of the whole genome and P1, P2 and P3 regions, HS312/QD/CHN/2013 and HS605/QD/CHN/2014 strains together with the early domestic isolates belonged to the same clade, while FY218/QD/CHN/2015 strain and CV-A4/P1033/2013/China strain collected in Wenzhou in 2013 formed another clade in each phylogenetic tree. HS144/QD/CHN/2014 strain belonged to the same clade as HS312/QD/CHN/2014, HS605/QD/CHN/2014 and the early domestic CVA4 isolates in the phylogenetic tree based on the P1 region, but formed a separate clade in the phylogenetic trees based on the whole genome, P2 region and P3 region. Genetic recombination analysis revealed that there was genetic recombination between HS144/QD/CHN/2014 strain and the CVA2 strain of CV-A2/P373/2013/China isolated in mainland China in 2013 in the region of 2C-3D (5 081-7 301); FY218/QD/CHN/2015 and CV-A4/P1033/2013/China strains were highly homologous and recombination signal sequences were detected in the region of 2A-2B (3 821-4 161) between the two strains and the CVA2 strain of CV-A2/P373/2013/China.Conclusions:The CVA4 isolates circulating in Qingdao city presented obvious genetic diversity at the genome-wide level.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804960

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the etiology spectrum of hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and to analyze the molecular characteristics of Coxsackievirus A10 and A6 in Qingdao in 2014.@*Methods@#Throat swabs of HFMD cases were tested for total enteroviruses (EVs), EV-A71, CV-A16, CV-A10 and CV-A6 by multiplex real time RT-PCR. Other EV serotypes were identified through the sequences of partial VP1 gene. The full-length of VP1 gene of CV-A10 and CV-A6 were amplified and sequenced. The sequences were phylogenetically analyzed using MEGA 5.0 software package.@*Results@#A total of 1727 HFMD patients were detected in 2014 and 11serotypes of enteroviruses were identified. EV-A71(38.0%, 410/1078), CV-A16(28.8%, 311/1078), CV-A10(14.1%, 152/1078)and CV-A6(3.2%, 34/1078)were the most dominant pathogen in 2014 in Qingdao. Proportions of CV-A10 in enterovirus infected children varied dramatically in different ages(χ2=15.19, P=0.001), showing a downtrend with age. Proportion of CV-A10 in inpatients was much higher than that in outpatients(χ2=49.1, P <0.001), while 60% of those inpatients showed nervous system damage symptoms, with pathological reflex or disappearance of physiological reflex. Phylogenetic analysis of complete VP1 sequences showed that all CV-A10 strains identied in this study belonged to genotype C, 71.7% of which located in branch C5; all CV-A6 strains belonged to genotype D while 83.3% of which located in branch D5.@*Conclusions@#EV-A71, CV-A16, CV-A10 and CV-A6 were the prevalent pathogens of HFMD in Qingdao in 2014. CV-A10 was more frequently detected in lower age group with HFMD, which can cause damage to nervous system. Strains of branch C5 in genotype C were the dominant strains of CV-A10 circulated in Qingdao in 2014 while strains of branch D5 in genotype D were the major strains of CV-A6.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756215

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the molecular epidemiological characteristics of hemaggluti-nin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) of influenza B viruses (IBV) isolated in Qingdao from 2011 to 2018. Methods A total of 12236 samples of influenza-like cases in Qingdao from 2011 to 2018 were collected to extract viral RNAs. All samples were screened for influenza A viruses ( IAV) and IBV by one-step multiplex real-time RT-PCR. Lineages of IBV were identified. One hundred and eighty-two strains of IBV were select-ed to amplify HA and NA genes by RT-PCR and then analyzed by sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis and variation analysis of genes and amino acids were carried out. Results IBV was detected almost every year in Qingdao from 2011 to 2018. The positive rate was only slightly lower than that of IAV ( 4. 99% vs 6. 21%). B/Victoria linkage had two prominent epidemic years (2011-2012, 2015-2016), while B/Yama-gata linkage had three (2013-2014, 2014-2015, 2017-2018). Most of the infected people were children un-der 10 years old, and the people infected with the two lineages had similar age characteristics. Phylogenetic analysis of HA genes showed clusters in Victoria clades of 1A and 1B and Yamagata clades of 2 and 3. IBV of Yamagata lineage had more amino acid mutation sites than those of Victoria lineage in HA genes with grea-ter genetic diversity. The B/Yamagata strains had 12 amino acid mutations and the B/Victoria strains had seven in four major epitopes. In the receptor binding sites, two amino acid mutations were detected in the B/Yamagata strains and three in the B/Victoria strains. In Qingdao, 26 strains of IBV were intra-lineage reas-sortments, mostly of the B/Victoria lineage, and 23 strains were inter-lineage reassortments, mostly between HA-B/Yamagata and NA-B/Victoria strains. A possible resistant strain to NA inhibitor was found. Conclu-sions The significance of IBV in seasonal influenza should not be neglected. Amino acid substitution, in-sertion/deletion and gene reassortment were the main strategies for the natural evolution of IBV. Influenza surveillance was of great importance and influenza vaccine strains needed to be updated in time.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745276

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of the hypofractionated three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy in the treatment of recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma.Methods Clinical data of 153 patients with recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma admitted to our hospital from 2008 to 2013 undergoing hypofractionated three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3 Gy for each time,5 times a week,a total dose of 51-60 Gy,17-20 times/4 weeks) were retrospectively analyzed.The short-and long-term radiation-induced injury,Karnofsky performance score (KPS),short-and long-term clinical efficacy were evaluated.Results For the short-term radiation-induced injury,the incidence of oral mucosa and fatigue significantly differed before and after treatment (both P<0.05).Regarding the long-term radiation-induced injury,the incidence of dry mouth (95.4%) and deafness (51.0%),difficulty in opening mouth (79.1%),maxillofacial fibrosis (33.3%) and radiation-induced encephalopathy (15.0%) significantly differed before and following treatment (all P< 0.05).The actual long-term radiation-induced injury included dry mouth (91.5%),deafness (50.9%),difficulty in opening mouth (76.5%),maxillofacial fibrosis (32.0%) and radiation-induced encephalopathy (14.4%).The number of patients with changes in the KPS scores significantly differed between the end of treatment and 3 months after treatment (P<0.05).The local control rates were 29.4%,68.6%,79.1%,83.7% and 86.9% at 1-,3-,6-,9-and 12-month after corresponding treatment,respectively.The local control rate significantly differed between 1 and 3 months,and between 3 and 6 months after treatment (both P<0.05).The 1-,2-,3-,4-and 5-year survival rates were calculated as 96.1%,80.4%,68.5%,57.9% and 51.1%,respectively.Conclusions Hypofractionated three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy is an efficacious and safe treatment of recurrent nasopharyngeal nasopharyngeal carcinoma,which yields relatively high short-and long-term clinical efficacy,high local control rate and well tolerance by the patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810286

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To illuminate the gene characteristics and clinical characterization of Coxsackievirus B5 (CV-B5) strains isolated from patients with sevre hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Qingdao city.@*Methods@#A total of 1 844 patients of HFMD were consecutively admitted to Qingdao Women and Children's Hospital from 2013 to 2014. Information of the study population described above was collected retrospectively. The samples were collected from at least 1 site (throat swab, cerebrospinal fluid), which viral nucleic acid extracted and the entire VP1 gene sequences of CV-B5 isolates were amplified and sequenced, then the homology and phylogeny analysis were conducted by MEGA7.0. The prototype Faulkner strain and other VP1 amino acid sequences were derived from the GenBank database.@*Results@#A total of 8 CV-B5 positive cases were obtained, including 4 males and 4 females; 6 severe hospitalized cases and 2 outpatients. The age of 6 hospitalized patients ranged from 3 to 48 months, with a median of 26 months. For the six inpatients, fever, convulsions vomiting, diarrhea and rash were the main clinical manifestation, and all combined with viral encephalitis. Compared with the prototype strain Faulkner, in the VP1 region,the nucleotide and the amino acid homologies was 77.3%-78.8% and 95.5%-97.0% respectively. Five out of the six severe cases with substitution of serine (S) to asparagine (N) at amino acid site 95 in the VP1 region. The sequences of 8 CV-B5 strains were classified into genogroup D.@*Conclusion@#Hand, foot and mouth disease associated with CV-B5 virus infection can result in nervous system involvement and the main complication was viral encephalitis. The CV-B5 strains associated with severe hand, foot and mouth disease had high nucleotide homology and present a certain regional aggregation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 865-868, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810262

ABSTRACT

Hepatic fibrosis is the process of fiber formation and inflammation caused by chronic liver injury, and is a common pathological process of hepatic cirrhosis and hepatic carcinoma. The prevention and treatment of liver fibrosis can effectively control the incidence of liver cirrhosis and liver cancer, but its pathogenesis remains unclear. Endoplasmic reticulum stress is a kind of subcellular organelle pathological process that causes the disruption of ion balance in endoplasmic reticulum or the obstacle of protein processing and transportation. In recent years, more and more studies have shown that endoplasmic reticulum stress is involved in the occurrence, development and reversal of liver fibrosis. This article reviews the regulatory role of endoplasmic reticulum stress in liver fibrosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807817

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and adverse reactions of palonosetron and dexamethasone in preventing cisplatin-induced nausea and vomiting.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to August 2017, a total of 217 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients in the 163rd Hospital of PLA were randomly divided into two groups according to the digital table.The control group (n=108) was given palonosetron when used cisplatin treatment, the study group(n=109) was given palonosetron combined with dexamethasone.The clinical efficacy and adverse reactions in the two groups were observed.@*Results@#After treatment of 1-6 weeks, the incidence rates of headache, dizziness and fatigue in the study group were 7.2%, 2.9% and 3.4% respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group(12.7%, 6.0% and 6.3%), the differences between the two groups were statistically significant(χ2=10.902, 7.412, 6.207, all P<0.05). The prevention rate of nausea and vomiting in the control group was 75.5%, which in the study group was 80.9%, and at delay period, the prevention rate of nausea and vomiting in the control group was 85.5%, which in the study group was 91.0%, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant(χ2=5.615, 9.442, all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Palonosetron and dexamethasone are effective in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with cisplatin-induced nausea and vomiting, and can reduce the side effects of palonosetron.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702554

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore effects of early long-term exercise training on learning and memory impairment induced by recurrent seizures in neonatal rats.Method:Eighteen Sprague-Dawley rats at postnatal days 8 (P8) were randomly divided into control group (CONT),convulsion group (EXP1),and convulsion plus physical exercise group (EXP2)(Six in each group).Rats were fed for 1 day before the study.From P9,rats in EXP1 and EXP2 were subjected to flurothyl induced recurrent seizures 30min daily for 7 days.The rats of EXP2 were physical exercise from P16 to P57.The rats in control group were placed into the container for an equal amount of time to their counterpart without exposing to flurothyl.On P58-P64,subjects of the three groups were tested with Morris water maze.Result:①Place navigation test:there were significant differences among three groups [F=429.90,P<0.05],day [F=282.30,P<0.05],interaction [F=12.71,P<0.05] by repeated two-way ANOVA analysis.Compared with CONT group,the escape latency in EXP1 was longer (P<0.05).Compared with EXP1,the escape latency in EXP2 was shorter (P< 0.05).②Spatial probe test:Compared with CONT group,the frequency of passing through the platform in EXP1 was much less (P<0.05).While compared with EXP1,the frequency of passing through the platform in EXP2 was much more (P < 0.05).Conclusion:Physical exercise could significantly reduce the escape latency time and increase the number of crossing the platform in the recurrent seizure group,which may be due to the improvement of learning and memory ability of convulsive rats by physical exercise.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700287

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and adverse reactions of large segmentation gamma knife and large segmentation conformal retransmission radiotherapy for locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods One hundred and twenty- one patients with locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma from January 2009 to June 2012 were selected. The patients were divided into large segmentation conformal retransmission radiotherapy group (control group, 61 cases) and large segmentation gamma knife retransmission radiotherapy group (study group, 60 cases) according to the propensity score matching method. The radiation injury, quality of life, short-term efficacy and long-term efficacy were observed. Results In the recent radiation injury, the incidences of maxillofacial skin reaction and fatigue in study group were significantly higher than those in control group: 28.3% (17/60) vs. 13.1% (8/61) and 48.3% (29/60) vs. 29.5% (18/61), and there were statistical differences (P<0.05);there were no statistical differences in the incidences of dry mouth and oral mucosal injury between 2 groups (P>0.05). In the long-term radiation injury, the incidences of deafness and difficulty in opening mouth in study group were significantly lower than those in control group: 33.3% (20/60) vs. 52.5%(32/61) and 58.3% (35/60) vs. 73.8% (45/61), the incidence of maxillofacial muscle fibrosis in control group was significantly higher than that in control group: 43.3% (26/60) vs. 26.2% (16/61), and there were statistical differences (P<0.05); there were no statistical differences in the incidences of dry mouth and radiation encephalopathy between 2 groups (P>0.05). In the actual long- term radiation injury, the incidences of dry mouth, deafness and difficulty in opening mouth in study group were significantly lower than those in control group: 66.7% (40/60) vs. 86.9% (53/61), 31.7% (19/60) vs. 50.8% (31/61) and 43.3% (26/60) vs. 67.2% (41/61), the incidence of maxillofacial muscle fibrosis in study group was significantly higher than that in control group: 41.7% (25/60) vs. 23.0% (14/61), and there were statistical differences (P<0.01 or <0.05); there was no statistical difference in the incidence of radiation encephalopathy between 2 groups (P>0.05). There were no significant differences in Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) score and body weight change before treatment and at the end of treatment, and at the end of treatment and 3 months after treatment between 2 groups (P > 0.05). For the short-term efficacy, the local control rates of 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after treatment in study group were significantly higher than those in control group: 75.0% (45/60) vs. 54.1% (33/61), 86.7% (52/60) vs. 62.3% (38/61), 90.0% (54/60) vs. 67.2% (41/61) and 91.7% (55/60) vs. 68.9% (42/61), and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). For long-term efficacy, there was no significant difference in the survival rates of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5-year between 2 groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions Large-segment gamma knife and large-segment conformal reconstitution radiotherapy are effective for the short-term curative effect and long-term curative effect of locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma. They can reduce radiation damage and have better safety. Large segmentation gamma knife reconstitution radiotherapy is more advantageous in reducing the long- term radiation injury and improving the local control than large segmentation conformal retransmission radiotherapy.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 396-399, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712837

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of ubenimex combined with radiotherapy for the treatment of early nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods A total of 129 patients with early nasopharyngeal carcinoma who were admitted to the 163th Hospital of PLA, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University from October 2013 to September 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy was used in the control group and ubenimex combined with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy was taken in the study group. Radiation injury response, quality of life and therapeutic effects of patients in both groups were observed respectively. Results The fatigue incidence of the study group was lower than that of the control group (57.8 % vs. 75.4 %, χ2= 4.481, P= 0.034). Karnofsky score (χ2=6.345, P=0.042; χ2=6.382, P=0.041, respectively) and weight change (χ2=6.014, P= 0.049; χ2= 6.351, P= 0.042, respectively) had statistical differences in both groups in the end of radiotherapy and 3 months after radiotherapy. 1-year non-distant metastasis survival rate (92.2 %, 59/64) in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group (80.0 %, 52/65) (χ2=3.989, P=0.046). Conclusion Ubenimex combined with radiotherapy for early nasopharyngeal carcinoma can improve the patients' quality of life, reduce the radiation injury response and increase the metastasis-free survival rate.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711436

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the molecular characteristics of coxsackievirus A12 ( CV-A12) and to understand the clinical manifestations of severe hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by CV-A12 in Qingdao. Methods Throat swabs of HFMD, herpangina and influenza-like cases from 2011 to 2016 were detected for enteroviruses ( EVs) in Qingdao. Human rhabdomyosarcoma ( RD) and human la-ryngeal carcinoma (Hep-2) cells were used for virus proliferation and CV-A12 strains were identified through a semi-nest RT-PCR. The full-length of VP1 gene of CV-A12 strains was sequenced and phylogenetically an-alyzed using MEGA7. 0 software package. Clinical data of severe HFMD cases positive for CV-A12 were col-lected and analyzed. Results CV-A12-positive HFMD, herpangina and influenza-like cases accounted for 0. 3%(18/6798), 1. 2%(2/169) and 0. 1%(1/676) in Qingdao, respectively. Most of the HFMD caused by CV-A12 in children were mild before 2013 (84. 6%, 11/13), while hospitalized severe cases with neurological symptoms (100%, 5/5) became more common after 2013. Phylogenetic analysis of the VP1 region revealed that CV-A12 strains worldwide could be divided into two genotypes, A and B. All of the CV-A12 strains successfully sequenced in Qingdao from 2011 to 2016 belonged to genotype B, and 88. 9%(16/18) of them belonged to subgenotype B2. All hospitalized severe cases of CV-A12-caused HFMD after 2013 were associated with strains in branch B2b of subgenotype B2. Conclusion CV-A12 was one of the pathogens causing HFMD, herpangina and influenza-like illness in children in Qingdao. Strains of genotype B2 were the predominant CV-A12 strains circulating in Qingdao in recent years. CV-A12-caused HFMD might complicated by nervous system damage.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808145

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the molecular epidemiology of Norovirus(NoV) infection among sporadic hospitalized adults with diarrhea in Qingdao, 2015.@*Methods@#Four hundred and nine stool samples were collected from hospitalized adults with diarrhea and detected by Real-time RT-PCR. For genotyping, ORF1 and ORF2 were partially amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced.@*Results@#18.1%(74/409) of stool samples were positive for NoV genogroup I(GI) (10/74) and genogroup II(G II) (64/74). Fifty-three positive samples of GII were sequenced and divided into 4 genotypes, including GII.Pe-GII.4(26/53), GII.P17-GII.17(19/53), GII.P12-GII.3(7/53) and GII.P16-GII.13(1/53). All GII.4 strains were the variants of GII.4-Sydney-2012. From May to Aug in 2015, GII.4 only accounted for 5.3%(1/19) and GII.17 were the major epidemic strains(68.4%, 13/19). But from Sept to Dec in 2015, GII.17 decreased substantially to 10.9%(6/55) and GII.4 became the most predominated strains (45.5%, 25/55).@*Conclusions@#NoV is an important pathogen responsible for viral diarrhea among adults in Qingdao. GII.4-Sydney-2012 and the newly variant GII.P17-GII.17 were the predominant epidemic strains in Qingdao, 2015.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613074

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the molecular epidemiological characteristics of norovirus (NoV) outbreaks in Qingdao between 2014 and 2016.Methods Stool samples were collected from NoV outbreaks between January 2014 and December 2016 and detected by real-time RT-PCR.NoV open reading frame 1 (ORF1) and ORF2 were partially amplified by RT-PCR.The amplified products were further analyzed by gene sequencing and genotyping.Phylogenetic analysis was conducted by using MEGA 6.0 software package.Results A total of 23 NoV outbreaks, involving 260 cases, were reported during 2014 to 2016.Of all collected stool samples, 128 were positive for NoV including 6 of genogroupⅠ (GⅠ) and 122 of genogroupⅡ (GⅡ).All positive samples were genotyped into 6 genotypes, which were GⅡ.P17-GⅡ.17, GⅡ.P12-GⅡ.3, GⅡ.P7-GⅡ.6、GⅡ.P2-GⅡ.2, GⅠ.Pb-GⅠ.6 and GⅡ.Pg-GⅡ.12.The 23 outbreaks included both single infections and mixed genotype infections, which were 11 of GⅡ.17 single infection, 4 of GⅡ.3 single infection, 3 of GⅡ.17 and GⅡ.3 mixed infection, 2 of GⅡ.17 and GⅡ.6 mixed infection, 1 of GⅠ.6 single infection, 1 of GⅡ.17 and GⅡ.2 mixed infection and 1 of GⅡ.17 and GⅡ.12 mixed infection.Conclusion NoV was an important pathogen responsible for viral diarrhea outbreaks in Qingdao.Several different genotypes were detected.The newly variant GⅡ.P17-GⅡ.17 was the predominant epidemic strain causing norovirus outbreaks in Qingdao during 2014 to 2016.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620338

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical manifestations and recovery from neuroimaging abnormalities of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM),in order to improve the understanding of ADEM.Methods A total of 47 children with ADEM in Department of Neurology,Children′s Hospital of Soochow University were followed up for 1 year.The clinical manifestations,auxiliary examination (especially neuroimaging),treatment and prognosis were analyzed.The recovery conditions from clinical and neuroimaging abnormalities were summarized.Results Among 47 cases,37 cases (78.72%) had prodromic infection history,and 5 cases (10.64%) had the history of vaccination.The clinical manifestations were varied,including 36 cases (76.60%) with somatic discomfort,30 cases (63.83%) with fever,30 cases (63.83%) with disturbance of consciousness,28 cases (59.57%) with epileptic seizure,24 cases (51.06%) with headache and dizziness,22 cases (46.81%) with nausea and vomiting,15 cases (31.91%) with dyskinesia,15 cases (31.91%) with cranial nerve injury,9 cases (19.14%) with incoordination,and 8 cases (17.02%) with mental and behavior disorders.Abnormal lesions presented multiple,asymmetric patchy and large patchy signal image showed by brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),and 7 cases (14.89%) involved the spinal cord.All patients received the treatment of Methylprednisolone [15-20 mg/(kg·d)] combined with intravenous gamma globulin (total 2 g/kg,3 to 5 days).The dose of Methylprednisolone gradually decreased after it had been used for 3 days.In the end,it was replaced by an oral administration of Prednisone [1.0-2.0 mg/(kg·d)],and the total treatment period was for 2-3 months.The follow-ups of 47 children with ADEM showed that the MRI lesions of all the children were reduced and the MRI lesions in 4 (8.51%) of them disappeared completely after 0.5 month of follow-up;the lesions disappeared completely in 13 cases (27.66%) after 1 month of follow-up;the lesions disappeared completely in 23 cases (48.94%) after 3 months of follow-up;the lesions disappeared completely in 32 cases (68.09%) after 6 months of follow-up;the lesions disappeared completely in 43 cases (91.49%) after 1 year of follow-up;and finally there were 4 cases (8.51%) with residual lesions.Conclusion The clinical manifestations of children with ADEM are varied.Most children with ADEM have a favorable prognosis.Imaging lesions of 68.09% of the cases completely disappeared after the onset of 6 months.Imaging lesions in 91.49% of the cases completely disa-ppeared at the onset of 1 year.Only a small fraction of patients present permanent lesions.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711354

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the etiology of hand,foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and to analyze the genetic characteristics of three prevalent enteroviruses in Qingdao in 2015. Methods City-wide surveillance data in 2015 were used to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of HFMD in Qingdao. RNA samples extracted from throat swab of HFMD cases were examined for general enteroviruses (EVs) such as enterovirus 71(EV71), coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) and CA6 by real-time RT-PCR. Full-length VP1 genes of EV-positive specimens were amplified and sequenced. Sequencing results were phylogenetically analyzed using MEGA 7.0 software package. Results A total of 804 patients with HFMD were identified from 1 176 patients in 2015. CA6 (41.4%),EV71 (31.6%) and CA16 (15.3%) were the predominant EVs causing HFMD. Children 5 years of age and under accounted for 80.3% of the 804 HFMD cases. CA6 was responsible for 48.9% of HFMD cases in children under 3 years old. The epidemic subtypes of EV71 and CA16 in Qingdao were C4a and B1b,respectively. Twenty-eight randomly selected CA6 strains were all classified into type A genome. Conclusion CA6, EV71 and CA16 were the prevalent pathogens causing HFMD in Qingdao in 2015. CA6 became the most predominant pathogen,mainly targeting children under 3 years old. C4a remained the prevailing subtype of EV71,while different from the co-prevalence of B1a and B1b subtypes in the past,B1b became the predominant subtype of CA16. CA6 strains circulating in Qingdao in 2015 mainly belonged to type A genome and evolved into multiple smaller branches. However, CA6 strains isolated in Qingdao in 2015 and 2013 located in different branches.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508939

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors for childhood death from pneumococcal meningitis.Methods The data of 32 hospitalized children were retrospectively analyzed,who were diagnosed as pneumococcal meningitis and enrolled in the Affiliated Children′s Hospital of Soochow University from November 201 0 to December 201 5.The subjects were divided into the death group and survival group according to their prognosis.The clinical characteristics and laboratory data were compared between 2 groups.Results Between the death group and survival group,there were significant statistically differences in shock within 24 hours after admission(63.6% vs 1 4.3%,P =0.01 3),as well as endotracheal tube intubation(1 00.0% vs 23.8%,P <0.001 ),the levels of cerebrospinal fluid(CSF)IgG[(491 .27 ± 203.53)mg/L vs (267.24 ±1 88.07)mg/L,P =0.006],IgM[(1 1 5.72 ±79.1 9)mg/L vs (32.80 ±28.52)mg/L, P =0.006],IgA[59.52(1 5.51 ,75.69)mg/L vs 1 8.77(9.33,27.54)mg/L,P =0.023],CSF leukocyte[330.00 (1 50.00,380.00)×1 06 /L vs 870.00 (403.00,6 1 60.00)×1 06 /L,P =0.009 ],CSF protein [(4 047.00 ± 1 942.1 6)mg/L vs (2 470.62 ±1 259.94)mg/L,P =0.009],CSF adenosine deaminase (ADA)[35.20(1 8.90, 87.20)U /L vs 8.80(3.05,23.78)U /L,P =0.001 ],serum sodium[(1 30.21 ±2.85)mmol/L vs (1 32.83 ±3.69) mmol/L,P =0.049],serum lactic acid (LA)[4.40 (2.60,5.70)mmol/L vs 2.40 (1 .75,4.50)mmol/L,P =0.01 3],serum C -reactive protein (CRP)[(95.87 ±65.40)mg/L vs (1 65.61 ±83.05)mg/L,P =0.022],serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)[81 3.40(465.20,2 31 0.70)U /L vs 359.20(257.85,405.90)U /L,P =0.001 ], platelet[(1 63.82 ±1 64.86)×1 09 /L vs (295.71 ±1 30.29)×1 09 /L,P =0.01 9]and positive rate of blood culture (90.9% vs 47.6%,P =0.023)between the death group and survival group.Conclusions The risk factors associated with mortality in pediatric SPM include shock within 24 hours after admission,endotracheal intubation,hyponatremia, thrombocytopenia,as well as high serum LA level,high serum LDH level,lower serum CRP level or cultures of blood and CSF double positive.

20.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1198-1200, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487685

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the psychological experiences of young uremic patients during different periods waiting for renal donor .Methods The phenomenology study method was adopted to conduct the semi-structure interviews in young uremic patients waiting for renal donor .Results The four themes were summarized:(1) having hope at the early stage (0—6 months);(2) ineffective coping at the middle stage(7—12 months);(3)uncertainty at the late stage(13—24 months);(4)serious negative emo-tion(more than 2 years) .Conclusion The young uremic patients patients waiting for renal donors have complex and changeable psychological experience .Medical staff should provide the pertinent professional support for promoting the living quality of patients by aiming at the psychological characteristics in young uremic patients .

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL