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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 302-309, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012894

ABSTRACT

The discussion on the connotation of children’s subjectivity is not only a response to the lack of children’s subjectivity at the current stage of health management, but also a reference for children’s medical science popularization. Based on the perspective of social critical theory, this study used empirical research methods to review the "Dream Medical College" project of Children’s Hospital of Fudan University. The current situation and influencing factors of health management experience of 1 520 children participating in the "Dream Medical College" project were analyzed. The study showed that 96.35% of 1 316 subjects had diagnosis and treatment experience in specialized hospitals, and the overall negative emotional performance was at a low level (0~12 points). There was significant correlation between diagnosis and treatment, invasive experience and children’s emotional performance (P<0.05). The study revealed that the diagnosis and treatment field is the main practice place of children’s health management, while the subjective of children with different diagnosis and experience perform significantly different. Children over 4 years old have better language anxiety than physical anxiety when receiving diagnosis and treatment. Although medical science popularization is an important practical form of children’s health management, it lacks the science popularization content of invasive diagnosis and treatment and emotional management, and creative popular science form is more suitable for children with long-term and frequent diagnosis and treatment experience.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970736

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the thermal environment of different types of public places and the thermal comfort of employees, so as to provide scientific basis for the establishment of microclimate standards and health supervision requirements. Methods: From June 2019 to December 2021, 50 public places (178 times) of 8 categories in Wuxi were selected, including hotels, swimming pools (gymnasiums), bathing places, shopping malls (supermarkets), barber shops, beauty shops, waiting rooms (bus station) and gyms. In summer and winter, microclimate indicators such as temperature and wind speed were measured in all kinds of places, combined with the work attire and physical activity of employees in the places. Fanger thermal comfort equation and center for the built environment (CBE) thermal comfort calculation tool were used to evaluate the predicted mean vote (PMV), predicted percent dissatisfied (PPD) and standard effective temperature (SET) according to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) 55-2020. The modification effects of seasonal and temperature control conditions on thermal comfort were analyzed. The consistency of GB 37488-2019 "Hygienic Indicators and Limits in Public Places" and ASHRAE 55-2020 evaluation results on thermal environment was compared. Results: The thermal sensation of hotel, barber shop staff and the gym front-desk staff were moderate, while the thermal sensation of swimming place lifeguard, bathing place cleaning staff and gym trainer were slightly warm in summer and winter. Waiting room (bus station) cleaning and working staff, shopping mall staff felt slightly warm in summer and moderate in winter. Service staff in bathing places felt slightly warm in winter, while staff in beauty salons felt slightly cool in winter. The thermal comfort compliance of hotel cleaning staff and shopping mall staff in summer was lower than that in winter (χ(2)=7.01, 7.22, P=0.008, 0.007). The thermal comfort compliance of shopping mall staff in the condition of air conditioning off was higher than that in the condition of air conditioning on (χ(2)=7.01, P=0.008). The SET values of front-desk staff in hotels with different health supervision levels were significantly different (F=3.30, P=0.024). The PPD value and SET value of the front-desk staff, and the PPD value of cleaning staff of hotels above three stars were lower than those of hotels below three stars (P<0.05). The thermal comfort compliance of front-desk staff and cleaning staff in hotels above three stars was higher than that in hotels below three stars (χ(2)=8.33, 8.09, P=0.016, 0.018). The consistency of the two criteria was highest among waiting room (bus station) staff (100.0%, 1/1) and lowest among gym front-desk staff (0%, 0/2) and waiting room (bus station) cleaning staff (0%, 0/1) . Conclusion: There are different degrees of thermal discomfort in different seasons, under the condition of air conditioning and health supervision, and the microclimate indicators can not fully reflect the thermal comfort of human body. The health supervision of microclimate should be strengthened, the applicability of health standard limit value should be evaluated in many aspects, and the thermal comfort of occupational group should be improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temperature , Cold Temperature , Air Conditioning , Wind , Seasons
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970438

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of microRNA-22-3p (miR-22-3p) regulating the expression of Kruppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) on the cardiomyocyte-like differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC). Methods Rat BMSC was isolated and cultured,and the third-generation BMSC was divided into a control group,a 5-azacytidine(5-AZA)group,a mimics-NC group,a miR-22-3p mimics group,a miR-22-3p mimics+pcDNA group,and a miR-22-3p mimics+pcDNA-KLF6 group.Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was carried out to determine the expression of miR-22-3p and KLF6 in cells.Immunofluorescence staining was employed to detect the expression of Desmin,cardiac troponin T (cTnT),and connexin 43 (Cx43).Western blotting was employed to determine the protein levels of cTnT,Cx43,Desmin,and KLF6,and flow cytometry to detect the apoptosis of BMSC.The targeting relationship between miR-22-3p and KLF6 was analyzed by dual luciferase reporter gene assay. Results Compared with the control group,5-AZA up-regulated the expression of miR-22-3p (q=7.971,P<0.001),Desmin (q=7.876,P<0.001),cTnT (q=10.272,P<0.001),and Cx43 (q=6.256,P<0.001),increased the apoptosis rate of BMSC (q=12.708,P<0.001),and down-regulated the mRNA (q=20.850,P<0.001) and protein (q=11.080,P<0.001) levels of KLF6.Compared with the 5-AZA group and the mimics-NC group,miR-22-3p mimics up-regulated the expression of miR-22-3p (q=3.591,P<0.001;q=11.650,P<0.001),Desmin (q=5.975,P<0.001;q=13.579,P<0.001),cTnT (q=7.133,P<0.001;q=17.548,P<0.001),and Cx43 (q=4.571,P=0.037;q=11.068,P<0.001),and down-regulated the mRNA (q=7.384,P<0.001;q=28.234,P<0.001) and protein (q=4.594,P=0.036;q=15.945,P<0.001) levels of KLF6.The apoptosis rate of miR-22-3p mimics group was lower than that of 5-AZA group (q=8.216,P<0.001).Compared with the miR-22-3p mimics+pcDNA group,miR-22-3p mimics+pcDNA-KLF6 up-regulated the mRNA(q=23.891,P<0.001) and protein(q=13.378,P<0.001)levels of KLF6,down-regulated the expression of Desmin (q=9.505,P<0.001),cTnT (q=10.985,P<0.001),and Cx43 (q=8.301,P<0.001),and increased the apoptosis rate (q=4.713,P=0.029).The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment demonstrated that KLF6 was a potential target gene of miR-22-3p. Conclusion MiR-22-3p promotes cardiomyocyte-like differentiation of BMSC by inhibiting the expression of KLF6.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Myocytes, Cardiac , Kruppel-Like Factor 6 , Connexin 43 , Desmin , Cell Differentiation , Azacitidine/pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , RNA, Messenger , MicroRNAs
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of catgut embedding and polyglycolic acid/poly-lactic acid (PGLA) embedding at "Zusanli" (ST 36) on the activation of local skin mast cells (MC), and expression of substance P (SP) and histamine (HA), and to explore the mechanism of the temporal stimulation effect of acupoint catgut embedding and provide a foundation for further research on the initiation mechanism of acupoint catgut embedding.@*METHODS@#One hundred and sixty male SPF-grade SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group (10 rats), a sham-embedding group (50 rats), a catgut group (50 rats), and a PGLA group (50 rats). Each intervention group was further randomly divided into five subgroups according to the time points after intervention: 8 hours, 3 days, 7 days, 14 days, and 21 days, with 10 rats in each subgroup. One-time sham-embedding, catgut embedding and PGLA embedding was given at left "Zusanli" (ST 36) in each intervention group, respectively. The skin and subcutaneous connective tissue of the left "Zusanli" (ST 36) were collected at the corresponding time points after intervention, except for the blank group (only one day before intervention). Toluidine blue staining was used to detect MC count and degranulation, and immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of SP and HA positive cells.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in MC count between the subgroups of each intervention group and the blank group (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in MC count between the subgroups of the catgut group and the PGLA group (P>0.05). The MC count in the 8-hour subgroup of PGLA group was higher than that in the 8-hour subgroup of catgut group (P<0.05), while the MC count in the 21-day subgroup of PGLA group was lower than that in the 21-day subgroup of catgut group (P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the degranulation rates of MC were increased in the 8-hour and 3-day subgroups of sham-embedding group, 8-hour, 3-day, and 7-day subgroups of catgut group, and 8-hour, 3-day, 7-day, and 14-day subgroups of PGLA group (P<0.01, P<0.05, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the degranulation rate of MC between the subgroups of the catgut group and the PGLA group (P>0.05), and no significant difference in the degranulation rate of MC between the two embedding groups at the same time point (P>0.05). Compared with the blank group, the expression of SP positive cells was increased in the 8-hour subgroup of sham-embedding group, 8-hour, 3-day, 7-day, and 14-day subgroups of catgut group, and 3-day, 7-day, and 14-day subgroups of PGLA group (P<0.001, P<0.05). The expression of SP positive cells in the 7-day subgroup of catgut group was higher than that in the 8-hour subgroup of catgut group (P<0.05), while the expression of SP positive cells in the 14-day subgroup of catgut group was lower than that in the 7-day subgroup of catgut group (P<0.001). The expression of SP positive cells in the 7-day subgroup of PGLA group was higher than that in the 3-day subgroup of PGLA group (P<0.05), while the expression of SP positive cells in the 14-day subgroup of PGLA group was lower than that in the 7-day subgroup of PGLA group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the expression of SP positive cells between the subgroups of the two embedding groups at the same time point (P>0.05). Compared with the blank group, the expression of HA positive cells was increased in the 8-hour, 3-day subgroups of sham-embedding group, 8-hour, 3-day, 7-day, and 14-day subgroups of catgut group, and 8-hour, 3-day, 7-day, 14-day, and 21-day subgroups of PGLA group (P<0.001, P<0.01, P<0.05). The expression of HA positive cells in the 14-day subgroup of catgut group was lower than that in the 7-day subgroup of catgut group (P<0.05), while the expression of HA positive cells in the 3-day subgroup of PGLA group was higher than that in the 8-hour subgroup of PGLA group (P<0.05), and the expression of HA positive cells in the 14-day subgroup of PGLA group was lower than that in the 7-day subgroup of PGLA group (P<0.05). The expression of HA positive cells in the 3-day subgroup of PGLA group was higher than that in the 3-day subgroup of catgut group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Catgut and PGLA embedding at "Zusanli" (ST 36) in healthy rats could induce changes in local skin MC, SP, and HA, which may be one of the mechanisms of the temporal stimulation effect after acupoint embedding. There are certain differences between different suture materials. A moderate inflammatory response in the acupoint area, mediated by MC and involving SP and HA, may be one of the initiating factors for the effect of acupoint catgut embedding.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Mast Cells , Histamine , Substance P/genetics , Catgut , Acupuncture Points
5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1044-1048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973802

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the changes in corneal densitometry after small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)and investigate the effect of corneal interface haze on vision after SMILE.METHODS: Prospective cohort study. A total of 93 patients(186 eyes)who were scheduled to undergo refractive surgery at the Ophthalmic Refractive Surgery Center of the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from May 2020 to October 2021 were included in the study, and there were 48 patients(96 eyes)in the SMILE group and 45 patients(90 eyes)in the FS-LASIK group. The changes in corneal densitometry, spherical equivalent(SE), and uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA)were observed and compared between the two groups before and at 1d, 1wk, 1, 3 and 6mo after surgery.RESULTS: The 93 patients all successfully completed the surgery, and there were no related complications during and after the surgery, and there were no lost cases. The UCVA of FS-LASIK group was 0.044±0.064 and -0.001±0.065 respectively at 1d and 1wk after surgery, which was better than that of SMILE group(0.102±0.077 and 0.023±0.064; all P&#x003C;0.05). There was no statistical difference in the SE between the two groups at the postoperative follow-ups(P&#x003E;0.05). The corneal densitometry values at 0-2 and 2-6 mm from corneal vertex and total corneal densitometry at 1d postoperatively in the FS-LASIK group were 18.0(17.5, 18.6), 16.2(15.6, 16.7)and 16.7(16.1, 17.3), which were lower than those of SMILE group [18.6(18.1, 19.3), 16.8(16.4, 17.4), 17.2(16.6, 17.8)](all P&#x003C;0.05); The corneal densitometry values at 0-2 and 2-6 mm from corneal vertex and total corneal densitometry at 1wk postoperatively in the FS-LASIK group were 17.2(16.7, 17.6), 15.5(15.0, 15.9)and 15.9(15.3, 16.7), which were lower than those of SMILE group [17.6(17.1, 18.3), 16.0(15.6, 16.5), 16.6(15.9, 17.1)](all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSIONS: The transient interface haze after SMILE is responsible for the early higher corneal densitometry than FS-LASIK. The presence of interface haze is probably a factor for the quality of vision.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 278-281, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964437

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effectiveness of varicella vaccine in varicella outbreaks and to analyze the influencing factors, and to provide a reference for making the targeted prevention and controlling measures.@*Methods@#A total of 3 888 students with no history of varicella were selected from 2 schools with varicella outbreak in Guangdong Province in 2021, a retrospective cohort study was conducted by using questionnaire survey, rate ratio ( RR ) and vaccine effectiveness ( VE ) values were calculated and Logistic regression was uses to analyze the factors influencing the protective effect of varicella.@*Results@#There were 138 confirmed cases of varicella among the participants. There was no significant sex difference in the vaccination rate( χ 2=1.36, P =0.51), but there was significant difference in the vaccinattion rate of different age groups( χ 2=555.82, P <0.01). The overall protective effect of VarV was 66.94%(95% CI =56.17%-77.71%), and the protective effect of 2 doses of vaccine( VE = 90.02% , 95% CI =83.13%-96.90%) was higher than that of 1 dose( VE =49.40%, 95% CI =32.36%-66.44%)( χ 2=24.93, P < 0.01 ). The high fever rates in the vaccinated and unvaccinated groups were 7.69% and 25.81%, with significant difference( χ 2= 6.29 , P <0.05). The rates of moderate and severe skin lesions of vaccinated and unvaccinated groups was 20.00% and 50.00%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant( χ 2=11.32, P <0.01). The protective effects of varicella vaccine against high fever and moderate to severe rash were 70.19%(95% CI =42.11%-98.27%) and 60.00%(95% CI =38.15%-81.85%). Stratified analysis showed that there were significant differences in different years of vaccination( χ 2=37.87, P <0.05), while there were no significant differences in age of vaccination and vaccine manufacturer ( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#Varicella vaccination can prevent chickenpox infection and reduce the severity of the disease. However, the efficacy of varicella vaccine was affected by vaccination years. It is recommended to improve the vaccination coverage of varicella vaccine to prevent the outbreak of the epidemic.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985650

ABSTRACT

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of different types of selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) pregnant women under expectant management, including the natural evolution, typing conversion and perinatal outcomes. Methods: The clinical data of 153 pregnant women with sIUGR under expected treatment in Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2014 to December 2018 were collected. Maternal characteristics including maternal age, gravidity, parity, method of conception, pregnancy complication, gestational age at delivery, indication for delivery, birth weight, the rate of intrauterine and neonatal death and neonatal outcomes were recorded. Pregnant women with sIUGR were divided into three types according to end-diastolic umbilical artery flow Doppler ultrasonography, and the differences of typing conversion and perinatal outcomes of sIUGR pregnant women based on the first diagnosis were compared. Results: (1) Clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes: among 153 pregnant women with sIUGR, 100 cases (65.3%) were diagnosed with type Ⅰ, 35 cases (22.9%) with type Ⅱ, and 18 cases (11.8%) with type Ⅲ. There were no significant differences in age, conception mode, pregnancy complications, first diagnosis gestational age, characteristics of umbilical cord insertion, delivery indications, fetal intrauterine mortality and neonatal mortality among three types of sIUGR pregnant women (all P>0.05). The average gestational age at delivery of type Ⅰ sIUGR was (33.5±1.9) weeks, which was significantly later than those of type Ⅱ and Ⅲ [(31.3±1.8), (31.2±1.1) weeks, P<0.001]. The percentage disordance in estimated fetal weight (EFW) of type Ⅰ sIUGR was significantly lower than those of type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ (P<0.001). The incidence rate of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, cerebral leukomalacia and respiratory complications of both fetus and necrotizing enterocolitis of large fetus in type Ⅰ were significantly lower than those in type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ (all P<0.05). (2) Typing conversion: in 100 cases of type Ⅰ sIUGR, 18 cases progressed to type Ⅱ and 10 cases progressed to type Ⅲ. Compared with 72 stable type Ⅰ sIUGR, those with progressed type Ⅰ sIUGR had higher incidence of NICU admission and lung disease in both fetuses, and cerebral leukomalacia and necrotizing enterocolitis in large fetus (all P<0.05). The proportion of inconsistent cord insertion was significantly higher in those type Ⅰ progressed to type Ⅲ (6/10) than in those with stable type Ⅰ (19.4%, 14/72) and type Ⅰ progressed to type Ⅱ sIUGR [0 (0/18), P=0.001]. Four cases of type Ⅱ sIUGR reversed to type Ⅰ and 6 cases reversed to type Ⅲ. Compared with type Ⅱ reversed to type Ⅰ sIUGR, those stable type Ⅱ and type Ⅱ reversed to type Ⅲ sIUGR had a higher incidence of NICU admission in large fetus (P<0.05). Two cases of type Ⅲ sIUGR reversed to type Ⅰ and 6 cases progressed to type Ⅱ. There were no significant differences in fetal serious complications in type Ⅲ sIUGR with or without doppler changes (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The different types of sIUGR could convert to each other. The frequency of ultrasound examinations should be increased for patients with the type Ⅰ sIUGR, especially when the percentage discordance in EFW is substantial or with discordant cord insersion.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Fetal Growth Retardation/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Twins, Monozygotic , Umbilical Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Gestational Age , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Pregnancy, Twin
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 313-321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984724

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trends of incidence and age change for global female breast cancer in different regions of the world according to the database from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Time Trends (CI5plus) published by the International Association of Cancer Registries (IACR). Methods: The recorded annual female breast cancer (ICD-10: C50) incidence data and corresponding population at-risk data (1998-2012) were extracted from CI5plus published by IACR. The annual change percentage and average annual change percentage (AAPC) were calculated to examine the trends of incidence. The age-standardized mean age at diagnosis and proportion of incidence cases by age were calculated to analyze the relationship between incidence and age. Results: For crude incidence, except in Northern America, all other regions showed an upward trend, with Asia showing the most obvious upward trend (AAPC: 4.1%, 95% CI: 3.9%, 4.3%). For age-standardized incidence, in Asia, Latin America and Europe, the rising trends had slowed down, in Oceania and Africa, the trends began to be stable, and in Northern America, the trend showed a downward trend (APPC: -0.6%; 95% CI: -1.0%, -0.1%). The mean age at diagnosis were increased from 1998 to 2012 in Asia, Latin America, Oceania and Europe, with an annual increase of 0.12 years, 0.09 years, 0.04 years and 0.03 years, respectively. But after age-standardized, only Europe still kept increasing year by year, with an annual increase of 0.02 years, while Northern America showed a decreasing trend, with an annual decrease of about 0.03 years. Conclusions: From 1998 to 2012, the trends of incidence and age change for global female breast cancer vary in different regions of the world, and the global population aging is widespread, which affects the trend of the actual age change. Prevention and control strategies should be targeted at different age groups in different regions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Incidence , Asia/epidemiology , Europe/epidemiology , Risk Factors
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 396-404, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965707

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to identify the chemical constituents of sea buckthorn leaves extract (SBLE) and explore its hypoglycemic biological activity. SBLE was prepared by hot reflux extraction with 65% ethanol, and its chemical composition was analyzed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (UHPLC-PDA-MS/MS) system. The animal experiments were compliant with ethical principles for animal use and had been approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Jinan University. Mice were injected with streptozocin (STZ) to establish a hyperglycemic animal model, and SBLE (1.5 g·kg-1) was administered by gavage for 5 weeks. The fasting blood glucose (FBG) and oral glucose tolerance were detected. Normal mice were given SBLE (1.5 g·kg-1) by intragastric administration for 10 days, and blood was collected from the tail vein to detect the changes in blood glucose within 120 min after sucrose or starch loading. The mucous membrane of the small intestine of mice was taken to detect the activity of α-glucosidase (AG), and the activity of yeast-derived AG incubated with SBLE was evaluated. The glucose uptake by Caco-2 cells treated with SBLE was detected by fluorescence microscopy and cytometry, and the gene expression of sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) and glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) in Caco-2 cells were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). A total of 18 compounds were identified, mainly including tannins and flavonoids. SBLE reduced FBG and increased oral glucose tolerance in STZ hyperglycemic mice. SBLE effectively inhibited the increase of blood glucose caused by starch intake in normal mice. SBLE exerted good inhibitory activity on yeast-derived AG (IC50 = 16.94 μg·mL-1) and small intestinal mucosa AG with an inhibition rate of 15.48%. SBLE (25-100 μg·mL-1) dose-dependently inhibited glucose uptake by Caco-2 cells, and SBLE significantly reduced the mRNA level of SGLT1 without changing the expression of GLUT2. In conclusion, the UHPLC characteristic fingerprint of SBLE is established with 18 chemical components identified by mass spectrometry, and SBLE exerts hypoglycemic effect by inhibiting the activity of AG and the absorption of glucose by intestinal epithelial cells.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986223

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation of the pan-immune-inflammation value (PIV) and the prognosis of patients with resectable colorectal cancer (CRC) and establish a predictive model. Methods A total of 753 patients who underwent primary lesion resection and were pathologically diagnosed with CRC were enrolled. They were randomly divided into training (n=527) and test (n=226) cohorts. The best cutoff value of PIV was determined by the time-dependent receiver operator characteristics curve, and patients were divided into high- and low-level groups to analyze the relationship between the high- and low-level groups of PIV and the clinicopathological characteristics and survival of patients. Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the prognosis. The accuracy of the model was evaluated by C index and Brier score. Results In the univariate model of overall survival (OS), high (> 231) baseline PIV (HR=1.627; 95%CI: 1.155-2.292, P=0.005) suggested that PIV level might be an independent prognostic factor for OS. The nomogram plotted according to PIV had a C index of 0.823. Its calibration curve showed good agreement between predicted and observed outcomes for one- and three-year OS probabilities, with Brier score of 0.035 and 0.068 for OS, respectively. Conclusion PIV can be used as a prognostic marker in patients with resectable CRC, and a novel prognostic model to guide clinical decision-making in CRC is successfully established.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936331

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of pirfenidone for reducing urethral stricture following urethral injury in rats and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty male SD rats were randomly assigned into negative control group, positive control group and pirfenidone group (n=10). In pirfenidone and positive control groups, the rats were subjected to incision of the posterior urethral cavernous body followed by daily intraperitoneal injection of pirfenidone (100 mg/kg) and an equivalent volume of solvent, respectively. The rats in the negative control group were given intraperitoneal injections of solvent without urethral injury. At two weeks after modeling, retrograde urethrography was performed for observing urethral stricture, and the injured urethral tissues were harvested for HE staining, Masson staining, immunohistochemical staining and Western blotting for detecting the protein expressions of α-SMA and TGF-β1. The mRNA expressions of the inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β were detected using qRT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#The body weight of the rats in pirfenidone group was significantly decreased compared with that in the other two groups (P < 0.05). Retrograde urethrography showed significant narrowing of the urethra in the positive control group but not in the pirfenidone group. HE staining of the injured urethral tissues showed obvious proliferation of urethral epithelial cells with narrow urethral cavity and increased inflammatory cells in positive control group. The pathological findings of the urethra were similar between pirfenidone group and the negative control group. Masson staining revealed obviously reduced collagen fibers and regular arrangement of the fibers in pirfenidone group as compared to the positive control group. Compared with those in the negative control group, the expressions of α-SMA and TGF-β1 were significantly increased in the positive control group, and pirfenidone treatment significantly inhibited their expressions (P < 0.05 or 0.01). Pirfenidone also significantly inhibited the mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in the injured urethral tissue (P < 0.05 or 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Pirfenidone can prevent urethral fibrosis and stricture after urethral injury possibly by inhibiting the TGF-β1 pathway and inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Rats , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Pyridones/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Solvents , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Urethral Stricture/pathology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940366

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo predict the mechanism of Sinitang in treating myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MI/RI) based on network pharmacology and verify the prediction results by cellular experiments. MethodThe traditional Chinese medicine system pharmacology database and analysis platform (TCMSP) was employed for retrieval of the main components and potential targets of Sinitang. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and GeneCards were employed to obtain the targets of Sinitang in treating MI/RI. STRING was employed to construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, and DAVID to perform gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment. Finally, cellular experiments were carried out to verify the predicted anti-MI/RI mechanism of Sinitang. ResultA total of 105 active ingredients and 234 targets of Sinitang were screened out, among which 116 targets were predicted to be involved in the treatment of MI/RI. The GO annotation gave 587 entries, including 417 biological process entries, 101 cell component entries, and 69 molecular function entries. The KEGG analysis enriched 125 signaling pathways, involving vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), forkhead box transcription factor O (FoxO), hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) apoptosis and other signaling pathways. The results of cell viability assay showed that Sinitang increased the survival rate of H9C2 cells damaged by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). Sinitang decreased the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) in H9C2 cells damaged by H/R. The results of flow cytometry demonstrated that Sinitang decreased the apoptosis rate of H9C2 cells damaged by H/R. Western blot showed that Sinitang down-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 related X protein (Bax) and up-regulated that of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) in H/R-injured H9C2 cells. ConclusionSinitang treats MI/RI in a multi-target and multi-pathway manner, which involves the signaling pathways associated with apoptosis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 283-288, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932239

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory reaction dominated by defense response will arise against infection and trauma. As an important proinflammatory cytokine, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is widely expressed in all nuclear cells to mediate the inflammatory response. However, the biological functions of HMGB1 in inflammation vary depending on the type of HMGB1 protein modification and the localization in the cell. HMGB1 protein will be modified as acetylation of lysine residues, methylation of lysine residues, oxidation of cysteine residues, phosphorylation of serine residues, glycosylation of asparagine residues, adenosine diphosphate-ribosylation and lactylation of the protein in the nucleus, migrate from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, and release into the extracellular compartment. Extracellular HMGB1 can bind to receptors for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and Toll-like receptors, activate cells and regulate inflammatory responses. The authors review the research progress in regulatory mechanism of HMGB1 in inflammation response from aspects of its post-translational modifications, releases, biological roles and binding receptors, hoping to provide theoretical basis for finding the targets of inflammation intervention.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of perineal lateral incision and continuous suture of deep and superficial Ⅱdegree laceration on postoperative perineum rehabilitation of parturients.Methods:Randomized controlled trials of intervention effects on postoperative maternal wound rehabilitation using continuous sutures and interrupted sutures of mucosal, muscle, and skin layers after perineal lateral resection and Ⅱdegree lacerations were searched in Cochrane Library, PubMed, Medline, Embase, Science direct, China Biology Medicine, China National Knowledge Infrastructune, Wanfang Database, VIP Database. The retrieval time limit was from database establishment to October 1, 2020. using RevMan 5.3 software for statistical processing.Results:After searching and screening, 12 articles were finally included. The total sample size was 2 827 cases. After the two groups used different suture techniques, the results of Meta analysis showed that the pains ( MD=1.02, 95% CI=1.02-1.06), the suture time ( MD=-4.59, 95% CI=-7.29 - -1.91) and the healing condition ( MD=-0.55, 95% CI=-0.71 - -0.39) of the two groups were compared, the differences were significant (all P<0.01). Conclusions:In the suture of perineal lateral incision and Ⅱdegree laceration, continuous suture technique is used to suture the mucosal layer, muscle layer, and cortex, which can reduce the suture time, reduce the pain of the parturient, and is beneficial to the healing of the wound. It can be clinically based on the parturient. It can be used in accordance with the neatness and depth of the mouth and the needs of the parturient.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015939

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a prevalent progressive neurodegenerative disorder among the elderly. In the scientific community, the β-amyloid (Aβ) hypothesis is currently a widely-accepted model for AD pathogenesis. Removing Aβ, inhibiting Aβ aggregation and depolymerizing Aβ fibrils are proposed to provide useful strategies for the treatment of AD. However, most current drugs used for anti-Aβ therapy usually have inherent drawbacks that may limit their clinical applications. With the rise of nanotechnology nowadays, the application of two-dimensional nanomaterials in medicine has rapidly attracted much attention from researchers. Two-dimensional nanomaterials not only have excellent physical and chemical properties, as well as good biocompatibility, but also can easily cross either the cell membrane or blood-brain barrier. Recently, it has been found that many two-dimensional nanomaterials can inhibit Aβ aggregation or depolymerize Aβ fibrils by intermolecular interaction, near-infrared photothermal effect, photocatalytic oxidation, chelation of copper ions, drug delivery and other mechanisms, implying its great potential in treating AD. This review will focus on the research of graphene and graphene-like two-dimensional nanomaterials such as molybdenum disulfide, graphitic carbon nitride, and black phosphorus used for anti-Aβ therapy in the treatment of AD.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1776-1779, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882152

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the role of clinical pharmacists in the diagnosis and treatment of liposome-induced hand-food syndrome (HFS),and to provide reference for rational use of liposome preparation in clinic. METHODS :One case of elderly female patient with breast cancer ,admitted to our hospital suffered from HFS (grade 2)after treated with Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome ;after successful therapy ,the patient had skin symptoms (grade 3)again due to Paclitaxel liposome ,and clinical pharmacist judged the recurrence of HFS. For symptomatic treatment ,stopping the treatment and external use of hormone was suggested ,and whole-process pharmaceutical care was provided. The pathogenesis ,differential diagnosis ,risk factors and therapeutic drugs of HFS were summarized based on literature review and 2 case reports in the database. RESULTS :The physicians adopted the suggestion of clinical pharmacists ;the patient ’s symptoms improved significantly on the third day and disappeared after 1 week. Combined with literature analysis and 2 case reports ,doxorubicin liposome metabolized more slowly than non liposomes in palms and soles of feet ,resulting in accumulation of doxorubicin in sweat duct and stratum corneum ,aggravating skin damage and leading to HFS. Sequential paclitaxel in liposome form may also lead to the accumulation in eccrine duct ,further caused skin damage and induced HFS. CONCLUSIONS :Clinical pharmacists actively participate in the diagnosis and treatment of ADR , which is conducive to the rehabilitation of patients. At same time ,combination or sequential of Paclitaxel liposome with PLD should be avoided ,as it can lead to ADR as HFS.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942416

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in the clinical management of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC). Methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 168 patients with pyriform sinus carcinoma in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2015 to January 2019 were divided into two groups, based on the different perioperative interventions that patients received, i.e. the ERAS group (n=64) and the conventional group (n=104), including 164 males and 4 females, whose ages ranged from 42 to 84 years old. The difference between two groups in the operative time, postoperative nutritional status, incidences of postoperative complications and postoperative hospitalization time were compared using the student's t test, Chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test. Results: Compared with the conventional group, patients in the ERAS group had significantly shorter operative time [(166.8±58.2) min vs. (183.3±39.9) min,t=-2.72, P=0.031], higher levels of postoperative serum albumin [(38.3±4.2) μmol/L vs. (36.6±3.3) μmol/L, t=2.73, P=0.007] and more body weight [(65.4±9.4) kg vs. (62.1±9.4) kg, t=2.22, P=0.028], lower incidences of postoperative subcutaneous infection [7.8% (5/64) vs. 20.2% (21/104), χ²=4.64, P=0.03] and severe pneumonia [4.7% (3/64) vs. 15.4% (16/104), χ²=4.52, P=0.03], and shorter postoperative hospitalization time [(16.5±3.9) d vs. (18.2±4.3) d, t=-2.65, P<0.05]. Conclusion: ERAS is effective and safe in the surgical management of HSCC, with benefits in reducing the operative stress via saving operation time, shortening the hospitalization time, ameliorating nutritional status and decreasing the incidences of complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885565

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association of the total gestational weight gain (GWG) and GWG in different trimesters with adverse pregnancy outcomes during the second pregnancy in women with history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods:This retrospective cohort study recruited 441 singleton pregnant women with a history of GDM who gave birth at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2018 as the GDM history group. Another 1 637 singleton pregnant women without a history of GDM who gave birth at the same period were selected through the mechanical sampling method as the control group. Independent sample t-test and Chi-square test were used to compare the differences in general conditions, GWG and perinatal outcomes between the two groups. Based on the Institute of Medicine guidelines for GWG, the subjects were further divided into three subgroups: inadequate GWG, adequate GWG and excessive GWG groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to compare the pregnancy outcome in women with the same GWG in different periods of pregnancy between the two groups. Results:(1) Women with GDM history had lower GWG before and after oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and the whole pregnancy than those without [(6.3±3.3) vs (7.9±3.7) kg, (4.8±2.6) vs (5.6± 2.6) kg, (11.8±4.6) vs (14.4± 4.6) kg; t=8.074, 5.183, 10.277; all P<0.001]. The incidence of GDM, gestational hypertension, and large for gestational age (LGA) in the GDM history group were higher than those in the control group [46.5% (205/441) vs 18.1% (296/1 637), 8.4% (37/441) vs 5.4% (88/1 637), 12.9% (57/441) vs 9.7% (158/1 637); χ2=153.181, 5.583, 4.013; all P<0.05]. (2) Before OGTT: pregnant women with GDM history of different GWG categories had a higher risk of developing GDM [ OR and 95% CI for inadequate, adequate and excessive GWG were 4.02 (2.35-6.88), 3.92 (2.65-5.79) and 3.33 (2.11-5.25), respectively, all P<0.001]. Except for women with inadequate GWG, pregnancy with a history of GDM also had a higher risk of preeclampsia [ OR and 95% CI were 3.62 (1.47-9.23) and 2.22 (1.07-5.57) for adequate and excessive GWG, respectively, both P<0.05]. After OGTT: pregnant women with GDM history of different GWG categories had a higher risk of developing GDM [ OR and 95% CI for inadequate, adequate and excessive GWG were 2.48 (1.60-3.84), 4.63 (2.92-7.35) and 4.22 (2.73-6.51), respectively, all P<0.001]. Pregnant women with a history of GDM with excessive GWG had an increased risk of preeclampsia ( OR=2.46, 95% CI: 1.10-5.51, P<0.05). During pregnancy: pregnant women with GDM history of different GWG categories had a higher risk of developing GDM [ OR and 95% CI were 3.02(2.00-4.59), 4.08(2.76-6.04) and 2.66(1.54-4.59) for inadequate, adequate and excessive GWG, respectively, all P<0.001]. Women with GDM history had an increased risk of large for gestational age (LGA) in those with inadequate GWG and postpartum hemorrhage in those with excessive GWG [ OR and 95% CI were 1.94 (1.09-4.21) and 2.93 (1.31-6.55), respectively, both P<0.05]. Conclusions:The total GWG and GWG in different periods during the second pregnancy in women with a history of GDM are lower than those without, but with a higher risk of adverse outcomes. Even in women with the same range of GWG, GDM history still increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827508

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of LINC01106 in colorectal cancer and its role in regulating the proliferation and apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells.@*METHODS@#We analyzed the data of LINC01106 expression levels in tumor tissues and normal tissues of patients with colorectal cancer in TCGA database and explored the association of LINC01106 expression level with the prognosis of the patients. Colorectal cancer SW480 cell lines with LINC01106 knockdown or overexpression were established, and their proliferation and apoptosis relative to the parental cells were evaluated using CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The expressions of p-STAT3, STAT3, and Bcl-2 in the cells were detected by immunoblotting. Nude mouse models bearing xenografts of SW480 cells with LINC01106 knockdown or na?ve SW480 cells were established to observe the effect of LINC01106 knockdown on the growth of SW480 cells .@*RESULTS@#Analysis of the data from TCGA database showed that the expression level of LINC01106 was significantly higher in colorectal cancer tissues than in normal tissues, and LINC01106 expression level was significantly related to the prognosis of the patients ( < 0.05). Knockdown of LINC01106 significantly inhibited the proliferation and promoted apoptosis of SW480 cells ( < 0.05), while LINC01106 overexpression significantly promoted proliferation of the cells. LINC01106 knockdown in SW-480 cells obviously lowered the expressions of p- STAT3 and Bcl-2 and suppressed the growth of the xenograft in nude mice.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LINC01106 is significantly up-regulated in colorectal cancer tissue and is related to the prognosis of the patients. LINC01106 can regulate the proliferation and apoptosis of SW480 cells through STAT3/Bcl-2 signaling and may serve as a potential marker for the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of colorectal cancer.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862668

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the pharmacokinetics of sinapic acid from stir-fried Raphani Semen in normal rats and the correlation between pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics (PK-PD) in asthma rats. Method::Normal rats received 4.5, 9, 18 g·kg-1 of stir-fried Raphani Semen by oral administration, respectively. Blood was taken from ophthalmic venous plexus at different time points according to the experimental design, the plasma concentration of sinapic acid was analyzed by UHPLC-MS/MS, and data analysis was performed using DAS 3.2.8 software to obtain the pharmacokinetic parameters. Rat asthma model was established by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin with aluminum hydroxide, and treated with ethanol extract of stir-fried Raphani Semen (low and high doses of 4.5, 9 g·kg-1). After treatment for 3 weeks, taking blood at different time points, plasma and serum were separated. UHPLC-MS/MS was established for the determination of plasma concentration of sinapic acid, contents of interleukin-5 (IL-5), immunoglobuin E (IgE), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in serum at different time points were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), DAS 3.2.8 software was used for PK-PD model fitting and data analysis. Result::After normal rats were administrated with low, medium and high doses of stir-fried Raphani Semen, the peak concentration (Cmax) of sinapic acid in plasma were (29.35±10.32), (62.70±27.47), (137.33±40.95) μg·L-1, its area under the curve (AUC0-t) were (92.83±27.16), (240.74±75.09), (633.95±195.88) μg·L-1·h, its peak time (Tmax) were (2.58±0.80), (3.00±0), (5.50±1.23) h, respectively. Compared with the low dose group, AUC0-t and mean retention time (MRT0-t) were all increased in the medium and high dose groups, showing statistical differences (P<0.05, P<0.01). The linear relationship of AUC0-t in sinapic acid was good within the dose range of 4.5-18 g·kg-1. After treating with ethanol extract of stir-fried Raphani Semen for 0.083, 0.167 h, compared with the model group of asthmatic rats, serum levels of IL-5, IgE, TNF-α of the medication groups were decreased to different degrees (P<0.05, P<0.01). Cmax of sinapic acid in the low and high dose groups were (58.43±29.94), (61.16±18.79) μg·L-1, its AUC0-t were (188.75±37.07), (247.90±36.89) μg·L-1·h, respectively. AUC0-t, apparent volume of distribution (Vz/F) and clearance rate (CLz/F) all increased significantly with the increase of dose. The best pharmacokinetic model of sinapic acid was fitted as a one-compartment model for extravascular administration, PK-PD model may be applicable to indirect connection model. Conclusion::The plasma concentration of sinapic acid is correlated with contents of IL-5, IgE and TNF-α, dosage and functional state (pathological or physiological state) can affect the pharmacokinetic behavior of sinapic acid from stir-fried Raphani Semen in rats, and it has a certain correlation with the anti-asthmatic effect.

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