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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1526-1536, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924755

ABSTRACT

On the basis of the Uncaria transcriptome, specific primers were designed for UrSTR. The full-length cDNA of UrSTR (GeneBank: OL310251) was 1 541 bp, encoding 345 amino acid residues, and the promoter region sequence of UrSTR (GeneBank: OL310252) was 1 179 bp. Phylogenetic tree is revealed that UrSTR had a closest relationship with STR from Ophiorrhiza pumila and Ophiorrhiza japonica. Localization of UrSTR protein is revealed located in the vacuole membrane. Plant-care analysis indicated that the promoter region sequence of UrSTR, covering multiple light, stress and hormone-response cis-regulatory elements, and verified transcriptional activity. The results of SDS-PAGE show that pET-28a-UrSTR recombinant protein was successfully expressed, and the size was anticipated. The UrSTR prokaryotic expression system needs to be optimized in the later stage. The research lays the foundation for further purification to study its structure and functional characterization of the UrSTR protein.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 533-540, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922935

ABSTRACT

Hair roots induced by Agrobacterium rhizogene produce higher levels of secondary metabolites than non-induced plants, and the enhanced metabolic capacity is driven by the rol gene. We hypothesized that rol genes can be utilized to improve the biosynthesis of tropane alkaloids (TAs) in Atropa belladonna. In this study, the rolC gene from Agrobacterium rhizogene pRiA4 plasmid, driven by a CaMV35S promoter, was overexpressed in A. belladonna. The phenotypes, TAs content and transcriptional expression of key genes in TAs biosynthesis were analyzed in transgenic A. belladonna plants. Results show that transgenic A. belladonna exhibited a well-developed root system, male sterility, higher stamen column length than pistil, early flowering, internode shortening, smaller but more flowers, increased axillary buds and lateral buds, decreased apical dominance, and long and narrow leaves as compared to wild-type plants. Transgenic A. belladonna produced more TAs than wild-type plants, with the content of hyoscyamine, anisodamine and scopolamine reaching 2.58, 3.59 and 15.77-fold that of the control group, respectively. The gene expression of putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT), tropinone reductase I (TRⅠ) and hyoscyamine 6-β-hydroxylase (H6H), key enzymes in TAs biosynthesis, were up-regulated compared with the control group. The above results indicate that the rolC gene enhances TAs biosynthesis in A. belladonna by up-regulating the expression of key enzymes in the TAs biosynthesis pathway, laying a foundation for genetic manipulation of A. belladonna to increase TAs content by increasing rolC gene expression.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a patient-reported outcomes (PRO) scale for post-stroke aphasia based on the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) holism. Methods:Referring to the TCM holism, the theoretical model was established following the standard process for the development of the PRO scale. An item pool was established and optimized with case review, patient interview, expert questionnaire survey and consensus conference. The PRO scale was established finally. Results:A pool of post-stroke aphasia items based on the holistic view of TCM was constructed in the physical, psychological and social model. The Expert Comment Form for the PRO Scale for Aphasia after Stroke was formed after sorting out the item pool. After expert surveys and meeting discussion, 40 items were finally selected to form the first version of Patient-reported Outcomes Scale for Post-stroke Aphasia-TCM. Conclusion:The first version of Patient-reported Outcomes Scale for Post-stroke Aphasia-TCM has been developed based on the TCM holism and the concept of PRO, which can be evaluated clinically.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the survival rate and the incidence of complications of very preterm infants and the factors influencing the survival rate and the incidence of complications.@*METHODS@#The medical data of the very preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology in 11 hospitals of Jiangsu Province in China from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Their survival rate and the incidence of serious complications were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for death and serious complications in very preterm infants.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 339 very preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 2 010 (85.93%) survived and 1 507 (64.43%) survived without serious complications. The groups with a gestational age of 22-25@*CONCLUSIONS@#The survival rate is closely associated with gestational age in very preterm infants. A low 1-minute Apgar score (≤3) may increase the risk of death in very preterm infants, while high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids are associated with the reduced risk of death. A low 5-minute Apgar score (≤3) and maternal chorioamnionitis may increase the risk of serious complications in these infants, while high gestational age and high birth weight may reduce the risk of serious complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888045

ABSTRACT

Lycii Cortex, the dry root bark of Lycium barbarum(Solanaceae), is rich in chemical compositions with unique structures, such as organic acids, lipids, alkaloids, cyclopeptides and other components, and plays an important role in traditional Chinese medicine. It has the effect of cooling blood and removing steam, clearing lung and reducing fire. It is mainly used in the treatment of hot flashes due to Yin deficiency, hectic fever with night sweat, cough, hemoptysis and internal heat and diabetes. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the crude extract or monomer of Lycii Cortex has a variety of pharmacological activities, such as hypoglycemic, hypotensive, hypolipidemic, antibacterial, and antiviral effects. In this paper, the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Cortex Lycii were reviewed in order to further clarify its effective substances, promote the development of medical undertakings, and ensure the "Healthy China" plan.


Subject(s)
China , Hypoglycemic Agents , Lycium , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Bark
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 926-933, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880294

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from 900 MHz cellphone frequency with testicular oxidative damage and its influence on the Prdx2 protein expression in the rat testis, and to explore the mechanism of Guilingji Capsules (GC) alleviating oxidative damage to the testis tissue.@*METHODS@#Fifty healthy SD male rats were randomly divided into five groups of equal number, sham-EMR, 4-h EMR, 8-h EMR, 4-h EMR+GC and 8-h EMR+GC and exposed to 900 MHz EMR (370 μW/cm2) for 0, 4 or 8 hours daily for 15 successive days. The rats of the latter two groups were treated intragastrically with GC suspension and those of the first three groups with pure water after exposure to EMR each day. After 15 days of exposure and treatment, all the rats were sacrificed and their testis tissue collected for observation of the histomorphological and ultrastructural changes by HE staining and transmission electron microscopy, measurement of the levels of serum glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) with thiobarbiuric acid and determination of the Prdx2 protein expression by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the rats in the sham-EMR group, those in the 4-h and 8-h EMR groups showed different degrees of histomorphological and ultrastructural changes in the testis tissue, significantly decreased levels of GSH ([80.62 ± 10.99] vs [69.58 ± 4.18] and [66.17 ± 8.45] mg/L, P < 0.05) and SOD ([172.29 ± 10.98] vs [158.92 ± 6.46] and [148.91 ± 8.60] U/ml, P < 0.05) and increased level of MDA ([7.51 ± 1.73] vs [9.84 ± 1.03] and [11.22 ± 2.13] umol/ml, P < 0.05), even more significantly in the 8-h than in the 4-h EMR group (P < 0.05). In comparison with the sham-EMR group, the expression of the Prdx2 protein was markedly downregulated in the 4-h and 8-h EMR groups (0.56 ± 0.03 vs 0.49 ± 0.03, 0.21 ± 0.01, P < 0.05), but again upregulated in the 4-h and 8-h EMR+GC groups (0.55±0.03 and 0.37±0.04) (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Electromagnetic radiation from cellphones can cause ultrastructural damage to the testis tissue of male rats, while Guilingji Capsules can alleviate it, presumably by upregulating the Prdx2 protein expression in the testis tissue and reducing testicular oxidative damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Cell Phone , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Electromagnetic Radiation , Glutathione/blood , Male , Malondialdehyde/blood , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Oxidative Stress , Peroxiredoxins/metabolism , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/drug therapy , Rats , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Testis/pathology , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1056-1060, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the impact of not inflated lung tissue (NILT) volume on the prognosis of patients with moderate-to-severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods:The clinical data of 131 patients with moderate-to-severe ARDS admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Tianjin Third Central Hospital from March 2016 to June 2019 were collected. The basic data of patients, including gender, age, body mass index (BMI), causes of ARDS, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score and oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2), were collected. The CT imaging data of patients on the 1st and 7th day in the ICU were collected. According to the CT value, they were divided into hyperventilated areas (-1 000 to -900 HU), normal ventilation areas (-899 to -500 HU), poorly ventilated areas (-499 to -100 HU), and atelectasis area (-99 to 100 HU). The total lung volume and the percentage of NILT to the total lung volume (NILT%) were calculate. At the same time, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of ICU stay, total length of hospital stay were collected. According to the 28-day follow-up, they were divided into survival group and death group. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for 28-day death in ARDS patients. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn, the area under ROC curve (AUC) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated to determine the accuracy of NILT% in predicting the 28-day prognosis of ARDS patients, and the NILT% threshold was used for subgroup analysis of patients. Results:Among the 131 patients with moderate-to-severe ARDS, patients were excluded for more than 48 hours after ARDS diagnosis, repeated admission to ICU due to ARDS, the ICU duration less than 7 days, death within 72 hours of admission, chronic interstitial lung disease or congestive heart failure, no chest CT examination within 7 days of admission to ICU, and no specimen collection within 2 hours of admission to ICU. Finally, a total of 53 patients were enrolled in the analysis. Of the 53 patients, 31 patients survived and 22 patients died. The 28-day mortality was 41.5%. Compared with the survival group, patients in the death group were older (years old: 65.32±11.29 vs. 55.77±14.23), and had a higher SOFA score (11.68±3.82 vs. 8.39±2.23) with significant differences (both P < 0.05), while there were no significant differences in gender, BMI, ARDS cause, APACHE Ⅱ score and PaO 2/FiO 2 between the two groups. There was no significant difference in CT value, total lung volume and NILT% between the two groups at 1st day after admission to ICU; NILT% on day 7 after admission to ICU in the death group was significantly higher than that in the survival group [(28.95±8.40)% vs. (20.35±5.91)%, P < 0.01], but there was no significant difference in CT value and total lung volume between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the 28-day prognosis of ARDS was related to age, SOFA score and NILT% independently [age: odds ratio ( OR) = 0.892, 95% CI was 0.808-0.984, P = 0.023; SOFA score: OR = 0.574, 95% CI was 0.387-0.852, P = 0.006; NILT%: OR = 0.841, 95% CI was 0.730-0.968, P = 0.016]. ROC curve analysis showed that 7-day NILT% could predict the 28-day prognosis of patients with moderate-to-severe ARDS, and AUC was 0.810 (95% CI was 0.678-0.952, P < 0.01). The NILT% threshold was 15.50%, sensitivity was 95.5%, specificity was 80.6%, positive predictive value was 85.7%, and negative predictive value was 74.6%. According to the 7-day NILT% threshold, a subgroup analysis of patients was performed, and 7-day NILT% > 15.50% was defined as a high-risk clinical prognosis, and ≤ 15.50% was a low-risk. Compared with low-risk patients ( n = 7), the duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay and total length of hospital stay in high-risk patients ( n = 46) were significantly prolonged [duration of mechanical ventilation (days): 9.37±6.14 vs. 4.43±1.72, length of ICU stay (days): 12.11±5.85 vs. 7.57±1.13, total length of hospital stay (days): 18.39±5.87 vs. 11.29±2.22, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:The 7-day NILT% > 15.50% of patients with moderate-to-severe ARDS after ICU admission is related to poor prognosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845178

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a pseudovirus reporting system was established for anti-WNV drug screening in order to by-pass security risk caused by live viruses in West Nile virus(WNV)research. Methods: 293T Cells were co-transfected with WNV replicon recombinant plasmid prWNV-Rluc containing Renilla luciferase reporter gene and recombinant plasmid pcDNA3.1-CME expressing WNV structural proteins C, M and E;and the cell culture supernatant containing pseudovirus was obtained at 72 h post-cotransfection. Results: After pseudovirus infection with the supernatant, BHK21 cells produced fluorescence with the intensity that increased dose-dependently with the supernatant containing pseudovirus. The WNV NS1 Protein expressed in the infected BHK21 cells was identified by Western blot, confirming the presence of WN pseudovirus in the supernatant. Neutralization assay showed that the WNV neutralizing antibody could effectively block the infection of BHK21 cells by the WN pseudovirus in the supernatant. Conclusion: The West Nile pseudovirus reporting system established in this study might be used without the biosafety level 3 laboratory (BSL-3) and could be applied to the screening of anti-WNV drugs.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845157

ABSTRACT

Objective: To screen anti-West Nile virus antibody drugs in vitro, using the previously established West Nile pseudovirus reporting system. Methods: At first, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)was used to detect the binding of 13 anti-West Nile virus antibody candidate strains previously obtained by the phage display technology to the target protein, West Nile virus E protein domainⅢ(DⅢ). Next, the collected cell culture supernatant containing the West Nile pseudovirus was diluted 102-fold, and the dilutions were incubated with the antibody candidates at relevant concentrations at room temperature for 1 h, respectively. Then, BHK21 or K562 cells were infected with the incubated pseudoviral supernatant+antibody mixture. After 48 hours, the infected cells were lysed to measure luciferase activity(RLU). Results: The tested 13 candidate antibodies could all recognize and bind to the West Nile virus E protein DⅢ. Among them, two antibodies(the antibodies 5 and 7)showed a good neutralizing activity and could effectively block the viral invasion upon target cells at the low concentration 5 mg/L, while two antibodies(the antibodies 3 and 8) showed an antibody-enhancing effect(ADE), which was manifested by enhancing viral infection of target cells. Conclusion: Using the West Nile pseudovirus reporting system that we established previously, we are able to obtain two anti-West Nile virus antibodies with neutralizing activity by the in vitro screening.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862467

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the methods in early warning of schistosomiasis and elimination of snails in an ecological public forest in Yexie Town of Songjiang District, and provide the basis for monitoring and controlling snails in forest land in the future. Methods The monitoring data of snails, schistosomiasis and snail elimination in the public forest were collected to evaluate the effect of controlling snails. Results The area with existence of snails was found to be 10.47 hm2, and it was decreased by 98.28% after three times of snail elimination.A total of 1 904 serological tests was performed (test rate of 88.76%) with the positive rate of 0.16%.Pathogenic test result was negative in 3 subjects examined.Serological samples of 11 dogs and 1 sheep were all negative for the test.None of the 1 480 live snails tested was found to be positive in infection.The awareness rate of schistosomiasis control knowledge and behavior formation in 275 students were 98.2% and 95.3%, respectively. Conclusion The snails in the public forest in Yexie Town have been effectively controlled, but there are still scattered living snails.The measures in eliminating and monitoring of snails should be continued and strengthened.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become a global concern and is especially severe in China. To effectively and reliably provide AMR data, we developed a new high-throughput real-time PCR assay based on microfluidic dynamic technology, and screened multiple AMR genes in broiler fecal samples.@*METHODS@#A high-throughput real-time PCR system with an new designed integrated fluidic circuit assay were performed AMR gene detection. A total of 273 broiler fecal samples collected from two geographically separated farms were screened AMR genes.@*RESULTS@#The new assay with limits of detection ranging from 40.9 to 8,000 copies/reaction. The sensitivity rate, specificity rate, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and correct indices were 99.30%, 98.08%, 95.31%, 99.79%, and 0.9755, respectively. Utilizing this assay, we demonstrate that AMR genes are widely spread, with positive detection rates ranging from 0 to 97.07% in 273 broiler fecal samples. blaCTX-M, blaTEM, mcr-1, fexA, cfr, optrA, and intI1 showed over 80% prevalence. The dissemination of AMR genes was distinct between the two farms.@*CONCLUSION@#We successfully established a new high-throughput real-time PCR assay applicable to AMR gene surveillance from fecal samples. The widespread existence of AMR genes detected in broiler farms highlights the current and severe problem of AMR.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 446-453, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Adhesion, biofilm formation, yeast-hyphal transition, secretion of enzymes, and hemolytic activity are all considered important factors in Candida tropicalis infection. However, DNA sequence data for this pathogen are limited. In this study, the polymorphism and heterogeneity of genes agglutinin-like sequences (ALS)2, Lipase (LIP)1, LIP4, and secretory aspartyl proteinase tropicalis (SAPT)1-4 as well as the relationship between phenotype and genotype were analyzed.@*METHODS@#This study started in August 2013, and ended in July 2017. The complete length of ALS2, LIP1, LIP4, and SAPT1-4 of 68 clinical C. tropicalis isolates was sequenced. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as well as insertions and deletions (indels) were identified within these genes. In addition, phenotypic characteristics of the virulent factors, including adhesion and the secretion of aspartyl proteinases and phospholipases, were determined.@*RESULTS@#There were 73, 24, 17, 16, 13, and 180 SNPs in the genes LIP1, LIP4, SAPT1, SAPT2, SAPT3, and SAPT4, respectively. Furthermore, 209 SNPs were identified in total for the gene ALS2. Interestingly, large fragment deletions and insertions were also found in ALS2. Isolate FXCT 01 obtained from blood had deletions on all 4 sites and showed the lowest adhesion ability on the polymethylpentene surface. In addition, isolates with deletions in the regions 1697 to 1925 and 2073 to 2272 bp displayed relatively low abilities for adhesion and biofilm formation, and this phenotype correlated with the deletions found in ALS2. LIP1, SAPT4, and ALS2 displayed great heterogeneity among the isolates. Large deletions found in gene ALS2 appeared to be associated with the low ability of adhesion and biofilm formation of C. tropicalis.@*CONCLUSION@#This study might be useful for deeper explorations of gene function and studying the virulent mechanisms of C. tropicalis.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Biofilms , Candida tropicalis , Genetics , Virulence , Lipase , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Virulence , Genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773209

ABSTRACT

Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection( DKI) is widely used in the treatment of cerebral infarction,coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. Long-term clinical application and related research evidence showed that DKI has a good effect in improving the clinical symptoms of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However,this injection has not been included in any clinical practice guideline. It has been found that the use of DKI is in wrong way in clinical practice in recent years. Therefore,clinical experts from the field of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases nationwide are invited to compile this expert consensus in order to guide clinicians.GRADE system is used to grade the quality of evidence according to different outcomes according to degrading factors. Then it forms the recommendation or consensus suggestion through the nominal group method. The formation of expert consensus mainly considers six factors: quality of evidence,economy,efficacy,adverse reactions,patient acceptability and others. Based on these six aspects,if the evidence is sufficient,a " recommendation" supported by evidence is formed,and GRADE grid voting rule is adopted. If the evidence is insufficient,a " consensus suggestions" will be formed,using the majority voting rule. In this consensus,the clinical indications,efficacy,safety evidences and related preliminary data of DKI were systematically and comprehensively summarized in a concise and clear format,which could provide valuable reference for the clinical use of DKI. This consensus has been approved by China association of Chinese medicine which is numbered GS/CACM 202-2019.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Drug Therapy , Cerebral Infarction , Drug Therapy , China , Consensus , Coronary Disease , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801273

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristic and differential diagnostic keypoints of common sellar regional cystic lesions with the purpose of improving differential diagnostic accuracy.@*Methods@#In total, 174 cases of the pathologically diagnosed cystic lesions in sellar region between March 2016 and June 2019 were included in the current retrospective analysis. These cases included Rathke′s cleft cyst (n=68), craniopharyngioma (n=48), pituitary adenoma (n=56) and arachnoid cyst (n=2) in the sellar region. The position, texture and morphology of leisions, signal of cystic and solid part, invasion of surrounding tissues and maximum diameter of cysts on the MRI images were evaluated and compared between different groups. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#There were several specific changes on several MRI sequences in Rathke′s cleft cysts, craniopharyngioma and pituitary adenoma groups. For Rathke′s cleft cysts, round shape, rare polycystic structure, lack of solid part and maximum diameter of cysts which was significantly less than that of craniopharyngioma and pituitary adenoma groups ((17.37±6.12) mm vs (30.29±13.51) mm vs (28.18±11.13) mm, t value was 6.680, 5.838, respectively, all P<0.05), were favorable diagnostic criteria. While, the intracystic nodules were mostly found in craniopharyngioma. There was no high signal intensity in cystic wall on T1WI and T2WI of pituitary adenoma. MRI signal of arachnoid cyst in sellar region was basically the same as CSF signal, with low signal intensity on T1WI and DWI, high signal intensity on T2WI, without enhanced signal.@*Conclusions@#Common sellar regional cystic lesions showed characteristic manifestations on different MRI sequences. Valuable information in the morphology, MRI signal intensity, maximum diameter measurements may improve accuracy of differential diagnosis for sellar regional cystic lesions.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845261

ABSTRACT

West Nile virus(WNV)is a member of the Flavivirus genus, which can cause zoonotic diseases or even death. With the gradual globalization of WNV infection epidemic, there exists an input risk in China. Now there are no approved vaccines and drugs for the prevention and treatment of human infection with WNV. Hence, research and de- velopment of drugs against WNV is necessary. WNV envelope(E)protein, the main antigen of neutralizing antibody, is involving in the infection of the target cells by the virus. The E protein contains three structural domains(D, DⅡ and DIII). This review briefly describes the recent advances in neutralizing antibodies targeting these three domains.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 619-623, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818291

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to identify a pathogenic variant in a Chinese family with Alport syndrome and analyze the pathogenicity of the variant. Methods Using targeted region capture and high-throughput sequencing technology, we identified the genetic variant of the proband with Alport syndrome, verified the variant in the family members by Sanger sequencing, and analyzed its influence on the pre-mRNA splicing process by in vitro minigene assay. Results A heterozygous variant c.2767G>T (p.Gly923Cys) was identified as a novel variant in exon 32 of the COL4A5 gene in the proband, which was confirmed by Sanger sequencing to be cosegregated with disease in the family. The minigene assay demonstrated that the c.2767G>T variant induced deletion of exon 32 of the COL4A5 gene. Conclusion A novel COL4A5 mutation was identified by targeted region capture and high-throughput sequencing, which has enriched the gene mutation spectrum of Alport syndrome. The exonic mutation c.2767G>T confirmed to be a splicing mutation by in vitro minigene assay, which may lead to a deeper insight into the molecular pathogenesis of Alport syndrome.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1466-1469, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704823

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To improve dispensing quality of small package of TCM formula granule, reduce the rate of dispensing error and shorten dispensing time. METHODS:Key influential factors for small package of TCM formula granule dispensing in our hospital were found out from 5 respects of"man,machine,environment,method,material";two cycles of PDCA cycle management intervention were conducted. Dispensing internal error and dispensing time were compared before PDCA cycle management intervention (Jul.-Dec. 2015,group A),first cycle of PDCA cycle management intervention (Jan.-Jun. 2016, group B) and second cycle of PDCA cycle management intervention (Jul.-Dec. 2016,group C),the effects of management were evaluated. RESULTS:By improving dispensing environment,establishing dispensing standard operation procedure,formulating reward and punishment system,staff training,after 2 cycles of PDCA cycle management intervention,the rate of small package of TCM formula granule dispensing error in TCM pharmacy of our hospital decreased from 4.19%(170/4061) before intervention that of group A to 1.69%(85/5043) and 0.98%(53/5408) in group B and C after intervention (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Average dispensing time of each prescription with 7 doses were shortened from(9.08±2.56)min before intervention(group A)to(7.37± 1.98),(5.97±1.64)min in group B and C after intervention(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:PDCA cycle management intervention in our hospital can reduce the rate of small package of TCM formula granule dispensing error and shorten dispensing time.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810045

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the activation of brain regions associated with olfactory in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by olfactory functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). @*Methods@#Twenty six patients with MCI were compared with twenty six controls in the dementia center of Tianjin HuanHu hospital in terms of olfactory function T&T testing, the differences between the activation of the whole brain and region of interest associated with olfactory (bilateral primary olfactory cortex(POC), bilateral hippocampus, bilateral orbital frontal gyrus) by olfactory stimulator using event correlation design for olfactory fMRI scanning. To analyze the correlation between the number of activator in POC and the threshold of olfactory discriminate as well as the severity of cognitive impairment.SPSS 19.0 software was used for the statistical analysis. @*Results@#T&T olfactory testing revealed that MCI patients had higher scores than controls (3.57±1.29 (±s) vs 1.02±0.35, t=4.372, P<0.05). The activation range of whole brain in MCI patients was less than controls (pleasant odor (po) 147.36±21.45 vs 323.11±39.76, unpleasant odor (upo) 201.86±24.93 vs 447.73±57.22, tpo=4.241, tupo=5.365, both P<0.05). The activation range of whole brain in inhaling unpleasant odor was more than pleasant odor in controls (447.73±57.22 vs 323.11±39.76, t=3.936, P<0.05). The number of activator in ROIawo in MCI patients was less than controls (pleasant odor (po) 51.0[8.0, 109.0](M[P25, P75]) vs 135.0[21.0, 321.5], unpleasant odor (upo) 65.0[6.0, 158.0]vs 205.0[36.5, 491.0], Zpo=-2.199, Zupo=-2.216, both P<0.05). The number of activator in POC in MCI patients was less than controls (pleasant odor (po) 19.0[4.0, 35.5]vs 46.0[9.0, 118.5], unpleasant odor (upo) 26.0[2.0, 51.0]vs 79.0[17.5, 189.0], Zpo=-1.898, Zupo=-2.167, both P<0.05). The number of activator in POC was negatively correlated with olfactory discriminate threshold in MCI patients (rpo=-0.415, rupo=-0.409, both P<0.05). The number of activator in POC was positively correlated with MoCA in MCI patients (rpo=0.289, rupo=0.296, both P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#Olfactory fMRI can objectively assess the olfactory function in MCI, it is a imaging indicator with neuropsychological tests for detection in MCI, the number of activator in POC can reflect the severity of MCI.

19.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 216-223, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691005

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>To evaluate the quality of life among survivors after sepsis in 2 years, comparing with critical patients without sepsis and the general people, analyze the changes and the predictors of quality of life among septic survivors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This prospective case-control study screened the intensive care unit (ICU) patients in Tianjin Third Central Hospital from January 2014 to October 2017, and the Chinese general population in the previous studies was also included. According to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, 306 patients with sepsis were enrolled as the observation group, and another 306 patients without sepsis in ICU during the same period, whose ages, gender and Charlson Comorbidity Index matched with observation group, were enrolled as the control group. At 3 mo, 12 mo, and 24 mo after discharge, the Mos 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Euroqol-5 dimension (EQ-5D), and the activities of daily living (ADL) were evaluated in face-to-face for the quality of life among survivors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 210 (68.6%) septic patients and 236 (77.1%) non-septic critically ill patients surviving. At 3 months after discharge, the observation and control groups had the similar demographic characteristics (age: 58.8 ± 18.1years vs. 57.5 ± 17.6 years, p = 0.542; male: 52.0% vs. 51.4%, p = 0.926). However, the observation group had higher acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHEII) scores, higher sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores, longer hospital stay, and longer ICU stay than the control group did (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the eight dimensions of the SF36 scale, the EQ-5D health utility scores, and the activities of daily life scores between septic survivors and non-septic survivors (p > 0.05). In addition, compared with the quality of life of the Chinese general population (aged 55-64 years), the quality of life of septic patients were significantly lower at 3 months after discharge (p < 0.05). Comparing the quality of life of the ill patients who had been discharged at 3 mo and 24 mo, the general health improved statistically (p = 0.000) and clinically (score improvement > 5 points). Older age (OR, 1.050; 95% CI, 1.022-1.078, p = 0.000), female (OR, 3.375; 95% CI, 1.434-7.941, p = 0.005) and longer mechanical ventilation time (OR, 3.412; 95% CI, 1.413, 8.244, p = 0.006) were the risk factors for the quality of life of septic survivors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The long-term quality of life of septic survivors was similar to that of non-sepsis critically ill survivors. After discharge, the general health of sepsis improved overtime. Age, female and mechanical ventilation time (>5 days) were the predictors of the quality of life after sepsis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Sepsis , Mortality , Psychology , Survivors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607351

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the age, the degree of hearing loss and the characteristics of inner ear imaging in children with GJB2 and SLC26A4 gene mutation-related deafness.Methods A total of 218 children with GJB2 and SLC26A4 gene mutations were enrolled in this study.Among them, with the combined test of deafness gene chip and DNA sequencing, 123 patients were diagnosed with GJB2 homozygous or complex mutations, and 95 patients were diagnosed with SLC26A4 homozygous or complex mutations.The age of the onset, the degrees of hearing loss and CT features of the temporal bone in children with GJB2 and SLC26A4 mutations were studied.Results The incidence of GJB2 and SLC26A4 gene mutations was 43.09%, 37.40%, 14.63%, 4.88% and 24.2%, 44.21%, 18.95% and 12.63% in the periods of infancy,early childhood,preschool and shoolage,respectively.The age composition of onset in the two groups showed statistical significance(P=0.014).The constituent ratio of children with moderate, severe and extremely severe degrees of hearing loss in the two groups with GJB2 and SLC26A4 gene mutations were 8.94%, 17.89%, 73.17% and 9.47%, 34.74% and 55.79%, respectively.Most of the group with GJB2 gene mutation had profound hearing loss, and the composition ratio of hearing loss degree in SLC26A4 group was statistically significant(P=0.014).99.19% of the children with GJB2 gene mutation group had normal structures of the inner ears.Only one case of CT showed bilateral internal auditory canal stenosis.For 95.79% of the children with SLC26A4 gene mutation, the CT results of the temporal bone were associated with the vestibular aqueduct expansion.Conclusion The onset age of GJB2 gene mutation children is concentrated in the infancy.Most of them are with very severe sensorineural deafness, not associated with the inner ear malformation.The onset age of SLC26A4 gene deafness children is concentrated in the early childhood.Most of them are with severe and extremely sever sensorineural deafness, closely related to vestibular aqueduct expansion and inner ear malformations.

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