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1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 226-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884167

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the treatment of Her-2 positive breast cancer patients who failed in multi-line treatments, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of a patient with refractory Her-2 positive breast cancer.The patient was initially diagnosed as Her-2 positive advanced breast cancer.After six line treatment in the outer hospital, the patient′s condition was basically in a progressive state.The breast tumor was broken and purulent, the lung metastasis increased, and the patient′s quality of life was poor.The patient was admitted to Department of Breast Surgery of Affiliated Suqian Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, after MDT discussion, we gave pyrrolotinib combined with capecitabine treatment, the chest wound healed gradually, the lung metastasis gradually reduced, and the quality of life was better.A retrospective analysis of this case showed that pyrrolidine combined with capecitabine may bring hope to Her-2 positive breast cancer patients who failed to receive multi-line therapies, especially those who failed to target therapy.

2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 900-905, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880289

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationship of Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) infection with routine semen parameters and sperm DNA integrity in male infertility patients.@*METHODS@#Totally, 114 semen samples, 34 MG-positive and 80 MG-negative, were collected from male infertility patients and subjected to routine semen analysis with the computer-assisted sperm analysis system, Papanicolaou staining for observation of sperm morphology, and sperm chromatin diffusion (SCD) test for detection of sperm DNA integrity. Semen parameters and DNA integrity were compared between the MG-positive and MG-negative groups with SPSS 21.0 statistical software and the relationship between the semen parameters and DNA integrity analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The MG-positive samples, compared with the MG-negative ones, showed significantly decreased semen volume ([2.87 ± 0.37] vs [3.86 ± 0.43] ml, P 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#MG infection may be an important factor affecting sperm quality in male infertility patients. Active prevention and treatment of MG infection can help prevent male infertility.


Subject(s)
DNA Fragmentation , Humans , Infertility, Male/microbiology , Male , Mycoplasma Infections/complications , Mycoplasma genitalium , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 524-527, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706722

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of paclitaxel or docetaxel combined with cisplatin (TP) with cyclophosphamide,pirirubicin and fluorouracil (FAC) in the primary tumor molecular typing Luminal A,axillary lymph node metastasis three negative breast cancer. Methods From January 2012 to January 2014, the clinical data of forty-nine patients with were selected. All patients were divided into two groups by balance randomization method, TP group and FAC group. Twenty-five patients were treated with TP regimen and 24 patients were treated with FAC regimen. The clinical efficacy was evaluated after six cycles of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy effects,adverse reactions and survival rates of two groups were compared. Results All patients were given intravenous chemotherapy according to the plan and were evaluated for clinical efficacy. The response rate (RR) was 64. 0% in TP group,including 4 cases of complete remission (CR),12 cases of partial remission (PR),7 cases of stable disease(SD) and 2 cases of progressive disease(PD). The adverse reactions were gastrointestinal reactions and granulocytopenia. The median progression-free survival ( PFS) and overall survival ( OS) were respectively 12. 4 months and 34. 1 months. In FAC group,the response rate ( RR) was 33. 3%,including 2 cases of CR,6 cases of PR,11 cases of SD and 5 cases of PD. The adverse reactions were gastrointestinal reactions,granulocytopenia and premature atrial contraction. The median PFS and OS were 7. 2 months and 20. 7 months respectively. The effective rate of TP group was higher than that of FAC group (χ2=4. 608,P=0. 032),and the progression-free survival time and total survival time were longer than those of FAC group (χ2 =8. 317, 8. 563, P=0. 004, 0. 003 ) . Conclusion Compared to FAC regimen, TP regimen could improve the survival rate of patients better with breast cancer of Primary tumor Luminal A and Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis Triple negative type, and adverse reactions were tolerated, it may be an optimized chemotherapy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703802

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore pathological features and survival of triple positive breast cancer (TPBC).Methods:The clinical data of 271 cases of triple positive breast cancer from January 2010 to January 2017 in Suqian area were collected,compared with 283 cases of Luminal B I (HER2 negative).The clinical pathological features and survival were analyzed.Results:Among 271 cases of triple positive breast cancer,there were 89 cases (32.84%) of distant recurrence and metastasis in 2 years,and 137 cases (50.55%) of distant recurrence in 5 years.Among 283 cases of Luminal B I,there were 32 cases (11.31 %) of distant recurrence and metastasis in 2 years.and 52 cases (18.37%) of distant recurrence in 5 years.There were significantly differences(P<0.05).1 year Disease-free survival (DFS)and Overall survival (OS) of all patients were 100%,Among 271 cases of triple positive breast cancer,2-year DFS and OS were 64.94 %,85.24% respectively.3-year DFS and OS were 54.98 %,69.74% respectively,5-year DFS and OS were 43.54%,47.23% respectively.Among 283 cases of Luminal B I,2-year DFS and OS were 86.22 %,95.76% respectively.3-year DFS and OS were 81.98 %,80.92% respectively,5-year DFS and OS were 76.33%,67.49% respectively.There were significantly differences(P<0.05).Conclusion:TPBC has the characteristics of poor biological behavior,large mass,pathological grade of grade Ⅲ,vascular or nerve infiltration,axillary lymph node metastasis,high proliferation index and high tumor load,and early distant recurrence,low DFS and OS.We Should choose individualized,targeted treatment programs,based on patient's hormone receptor and Ki67 expression,so as to benefit patients of TPBC.

5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1080-1084, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812831

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of spermatic vein ligation under the microscope in the treatment of varicocele (VC).@*METHODS@#A total of 120 VC patients received in our department from September 2011 to February 2015 were randomly divided into an experimental and a control group of equal number, the former treated by microscopic spermatic vein ligation and the latter by conventional open high ligation. Comparisons were made between the two groups of patients in the internal diameters of the spermatic vein during eupnea and Valsalva maneuver, the reflux time of the spermatic vein, blood flow parameters of the testicular artery, and semen quality before and at 3 months after surgery.@*RESULTS@#At 3 months after surgery, the experimental group, as compared with the control, showed significantly decreased reflux time of the spermatic vein ([0.41 ± 0.10] vs [1.08 ± 0.10] s, P <0.05) and peak systolic velocity (9.26 ± 1.35 vs 10.64 ± 1.28, P <0.05) and resistance index (0.52 ± 0.03 vs 0.61 ± 0.03, P <0.05) of the testicular artery but markedly increased internal diameters of the spermatic vein during eupnea ([1.63 ± 0.07] vs [1.59 ± 0.06] mm, P <0.05) and Valsalva maneuver ([1.72 ± 0.05] vs [1.68 ± 0.07] mm, P <0.05), sperm concentration ([46.84 ± 5.24] vs [35.35 ± 4.26] ×10⁶/ml, P <0.05), sperm motility ([63.75 ± 7.73] vs [53.87 ± 6.46] %, P <0.05), and total sperm count ([89.54 ± 7.95] vs [75.24 ± 8.43] ×10⁶/ml, P <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Microscopic spermatic vein ligation has a definite effect in the treatment of varicocele, which can significantly improve the testicular blood flow and semen quality of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ligation , Methods , Male , Perineum , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatic Cord , Spermatozoa , Testis , Varicocele , General Surgery , Veins , General Surgery
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2608-2615, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338806

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Conventional open spinal surgery of adult scoliosis can be performed from anterior, posterior, or combined approach. Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) was developed for the purpose of reducing the undesirable effects and complications. This review aimed to make a brief summary of recent studies of the approach and clinical outcomes of MISS in adult scoliosis.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>We conducted a systematic search from PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, and other literature databases to collect reports of surgical methods and clinical outcomes of MISS in treatment of adult scoliosis. Those reports were published up to March 2017 with the following key terms: "minimally invasive," "spine," "surgery," and "scoliosis."</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>The inclusion criteria of the articles were as followings: diagnosed with adult degenerative scoliosis (DS) or adult idiopathic scoliosis; underwent MISS or open surgery; with follow-up data. The articles involving patients with congenital scoliosis or unknown type were excluded and those without any follow-up data were also excluded from the study. The initial search yielded 233 articles. After title and abstract extraction, 29 English articles were selected for full-text review. Of those, 20 studies with 831 patients diagnosed with adult DS or adult idiopathic scoliosis were reviewed. Seventeen were retrospective studies, and three were prospective studies.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The surgical technique reported in these articles was direct or extreme lateral interbody fusion, axial lumbar interbody fusion, and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Among the clinical outcomes of these studies, the operated levels was 3-7, operative time was 2.3-8.5 h. Both the Cobb angle of coronal major curve and evaluation of Oswestry Disability Index and Visual Analog Scale decreased after surgery. There were 323 complications reported in the 831 (38.9%) patients, including 150 (18.1%) motor or sensory deficits, and 111 (13.4%) implant-related complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MISS can provide good radiological and self-evaluation improvement in treatment of adult scoliosis. More prospective studies will be needed before it is widely used.</p>

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 778-781, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607752

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of HR and Her?2 in breast cancer primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. Methods Four hundred and twenty?eight female patients with unilateral breast cancer combined with axillary lymph node metastasis treated in the Affiliated Suqian Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2011 to January 2016 were selected in this study. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ER,PR,Her?2 and Ki67 in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. Results The positive rates of ER expression were 75. 9% ( 325/428 ) and 70. 3% ( 301/428 ) respectively in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. The positive rates of PR expression were 61. 4% ( 263/428) and 56. 1% ( 240/428 ) respectively in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. The rates of Her?2 overexpression were 20. 1% ( 86/428) in primary tumor and the positive rate of Her?2 in axillary lymph node metastasis was 22. 7%( 97/428 ) . The positive rates of Ki67 expression were 45. 6%( 195/428 ) and 39. 7%(170/428) respectively in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. The expression of ER,PR,Her?2 and Ki67 in primary and axillary lymph node metastasis showed no statistical significance ( P>0. 05 ) . The molecular typing of primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis were not consistent in 31 patients ( 31/428,7. 24%) ,including 14 cases of primary tumor Luminal A,9 cases of Her?2 overexpression in axillary lymph node metastasis and 5 cases of triple negative breast cancer. Primary tumor Luminal B was detected in 10 cases, while 6 cases of Her?2 overexpression in axillary lymph node metastasis and 4 cases of triple negative breast cancer. Primary tumor Her?2 was overexpressed in 4 cases,while 1 case of Luminal A,3 cases of Luminal B in axillary lymph node metastasis. There were 3 cases of primary tumor triple negative breast cancer,while 2 cases of Luminal B in axillary lymph node metastasis and 1 case of Her?2 overexpression. Conclusion The expressions of ER, PR, Her?2 and Ki67 in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis of some breast cancer were different. Immunohistochemistry for primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis of stage II?III breast cancer patients should be routinely carried out. Based on molecular typing of primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis,individualized treatment plan can be developed,so that patients will benefit from it.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2579-2584, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249021

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Current treatments for scoliosis have some defects and complications. To study spinal deformities and test novel scoliosis treatments, many animal models of scoliosis have been developed. These models applied a single load to the spine and could not precisely modulate the spinal growth in different dimensions. In this study, we applied posterior tethering in various directions with the application of nickel-titanium (NT) coil springs in dog's spine to modulate spinal growth in the coronal, sagittal, and transverse planes and create a scoliosis model possess curves that mimic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) three dimensionally.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Scoliosis was surgically induced in eight 8-week-old female dogs (weight: 1.95-2.30 kg) using bone screws and NT coil springs. The deformity was induced through the placement of posterior NT coil springs that tethered the spine by bone screw fixation. All dogs were monitored with serial radiographs to document changes in deformities.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All experimental animals developed scoliotic curves convex to the left in the lumbar segment. The mean coronal Cobb angle was 18.0° immediately postoperatively and 54.5° at 22 weeks. The mean lordosis increased from 6.2° postoperatively to 35.0° at final follow-up. Apical axial rotation increased from 4.5° postoperatively to 31.2° at 22 weeks.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>With the application of NT springs in dogs that allowed posterior tethering in various directions, lumbar spinal deformity was achieved in three planes: coronal, sagittal, and transverse planes. Notably, the lumbar spine in surgically treated dogs developed lordoscoliosis with obvious rotation and the curves mimic AIS three dimensionally well. This method allows lumbar scoliosis to develop without deep dissection of muscle and maintains the essential anatomical elements along the spinal curve. Moreover, the spinal growth modulation technique could yield information that would provide a basis for developing novel early-stage treatments for children with scoliosis.</p>

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2697-2702, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230898

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Fibrosing mediastinitis (FM) is a rare disease. FM is thought to be related to prior granulomatous mediastinal infection, such as histoplasmosis or tuberculosis. The majority of cases have been reported in endemic regions for histoplasmosis. The characteristics of cases of FM in China, where the prevalence of tuberculosis is high, have not been reported. We analyzed the clinical, imaging, and bronchoscopic features of Chinese patients with FM to promote awareness of this disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 2005 and June 2015, twenty patients were diagnosed with FM in our hospital. Medical records and follow-up data were collected. Imaging and biopsy findings were reviewed by radiologists and pathologists.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 20 patients were analyzed (8 males and 12 females). The age ranged from 43 to 88 years with a mean age of 69.5 years. Previous or latent tuberculosis was found in 12 cases. Clinical symptoms included dyspnea (18/20), cough (17/20), expectoration (7/20), and recurrent pneumonia (3/20). Chest computed tomography scans showed a diffuse, homogeneous, soft tissue process throughout the mediastinum and hila with compression of bronchial and pulmonary vessels. Calcification was common (15/20). Pulmonary hypertension was present in 9 of 20 cases. Diffuse black pigmentation in the bronchial mucosa was frequently seen on bronchoscopy (12/13). The patients' response to antituberculosis treatment was inconsistent.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>FM in Chinese patients is most likely associated with tuberculosis. Some characteristics of FM are different from cases caused by histoplasmosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , China , Female , Histoplasmosis , Diagnosis , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Diagnosis , Male , Mediastinitis , Diagnosis , Middle Aged , Sclerosis , Diagnosis , Tuberculosis , Diagnosis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500106

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the method and clinical value of preservation of intercostobrachial nerve( ICBN) by fat dissolving meth-od during breast cancer operation. Methods The clinical data of 50 cases withⅠ~Ⅲa stage breast cancer from January 2013 to June 2013 were analyzed. Fifty patients were randomly divided into two groups,there were 26 patients in preservation group,whose ICBN were preserved by fat dissolving method during axillary lymph nodes dissection,and 24 patients in resection group,whose ICBN were not preserved by routine method during axillary lymph nodes dissection. Comparison of operation times,bleeding volume,the number of axillary lymph nodes dissection and upper arm sensory function of patients after operation between both groups was done. Results The mean time of operation was (102. 3 ± 15. 6) min in preservation group and(95. 6 ± 12. 4) min in resection group,while the number of axillary lymph nodes dissection was (19. 5 ± 8. 8 ) in preservation group and ( 19. 2 ± 9. 5 ) in resection group, with no significant difference between both groups (P>0. 05). Bleeding volume was (51. 2 ± 11. 5)mL in preservation group and (98. 5 ± 13. 4)mL in resection group,with significant differ-ences(P<0. 05). After postoperative one month,we observed upper arm sensory function of patients. It showed that 3 cases of sensory numb-ness or pain occurred in preservation group (11. 5%),20 cases of sensory abnormality occurred in resection group (83. 3%),mainly as sen-sory loss,numbness,pain or burning sensation,there was significant difference between both groups (P<0. 05). All patients were followed up half a year,patients with sensory abnormality in preservation group recovered,and recovery in resection group was not obvious,it still showed sensory abnormality in varying degrees. During the follow-up,no local recurrence or distant metastasis was found in both groups. Conclusion Preserving intercostobrachial nerve by fat dissolving method in breast cancer operation is based on conventional operation and made a few of improvements. It is simple and feasible. During the operation,we find that the axillary neurovascular is clearer,preservation of ICBN is easier. It does not affect the axillary lymph node dissection and operation time,while it can reduce incidence of postoperative sensory abnormality and improve the quality of life of patients,therefore it is worthy of clinical application.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242854

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To introduce a novel Cobb protractor and assess its reliability and rapidity for measuring Cobb angle in scoliosis patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The novel Cobb protractor had two endplate markers. A measurement was performed just to align the two markers to each endplate of the curve. The Cobb angle on the posteroanterior radiographs of 24 patients clinically diagnosed with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis was measured by three orthopedic surgeons with both standard Cobb method and the new technique, and the time of measurement was recorded. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were calculated to assess the reliability of the new method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The time for a measurement with the new tool was approximately 10 seconds less than the time that used to finish a measurement with the standard method (P<0.05). The overall mean Cobb angle for the major curve of the 24 patients was 47.8°. The mean overall intraobserver and interobserver ICC was 0.971 and 0.971 for the Cobb method group, while the overall intraobserver ICC and the interobserver was 0.985 and 0.979 for the new tool group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The novel Cobb protractor could perform quick measurement and measure almost all forms of radiographs. The Cobb protractor might be an ideal instrument to measure the Cobb angle.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Equipment and Supplies , Humans , Radiography , Reproducibility of Results , Scoliosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Spine , Diagnostic Imaging
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819732

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of TRPC6 among prostate cancer cells, establish high expression cell lines of TRPC6, and to provide potential cell mode for prostate cancer oncogenesis and development.@*METHODS@#Occurrence and development of prostate cancer cells, PC3, PC-3 m DU145, 22 rv1, LNCaP and normal prostate epithelial cells in the PrEC TRPC6 expression level were detected by QPCR method. Calcium phosphate transfection method was used to package retrovirus pLEGFP-N1-TRPC6 and pLEGFP-N1-vector and infect the prostate cancer cells, a stable high expression of TRPC6 prostate cancer cells. Sable cell lines of TRPC6, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2, MMP9 expression was detected by QPCR and Western blot. Change of cell invasion ability was detected by Transwell.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of prostate cancer cells TRPC6 were higher than control group PrEC cells. Among TPRC6 the expression of cell line PC 3 transfer potential wre the lowest, and high transfer cell line PC-3M express was the highest. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and western blot results showed that after filter, the seventh generation of cell TRPC6 protein and mRNA expression levels were higher than the control group obviously. Transwell experimental results showed that the overexpression of TRPC6 could promote the invasion ability of PC3 prostate cancer cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TRPC6 expressed in prostate cancer cells is in disorder, and its action may be associated with the invasion and metastasis of prostate cancer cells; successful establishment of stable high expression of TRPC6 prostate cancer cells primarily confirm the invasion-trigger ability of TRPC6 on prostate cancer, and lay down the Foundation for exploring the TRPC6's role in the occurrence and development of prostate cancer mechanism.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Genetics , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Retroviridae , TRPC Cation Channels , Genetics , Metabolism , TRPC6 Cation Channel
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320341

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the in vitro effect of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a NF-κB inhibitor, on the apoptosis of osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes and on the regulation of the gelatinases matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide (PI) labeling and western blotting were used to observe and determine the apoptosis in TNFα-stimulated primary cultured osteoarthritic chondrocytes. Also, gelatin zymography was applied to examine MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities in supernatants.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was confirmed by both flow cytometry and western blotting that chondrocytes from OA patients have an apoptotic background. Use of CAPE in combination with 10 ng/mL of TNFα for 24 h facilitated the apoptosis. MMP-9 in the supernatant could be autoactivated (from proMMP-9 to active MMP-9), and the physiologic calcium concentration (2.5 mmol/L) could delay the autoactivation of MMP-9. The activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the fresh supernatant increased significantly in response to stimulation by 10 ng/mL of TNFα for 24 h. The stimulatory effect of TNFα just on proMMP-9 was counteracted significantly by CAPE.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NF-κB could prevent chondrocytes apoptosis though its activation was attributed to the increase of proMMP-9 activity induced by TNFα (a pro-apoptotic factor). Therefore, therapeutic NF-κB inhibitor was a 'double-edged swords' to the apoptosis of chondrocytes and the secretion of MMP-9.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Apoptosis , Caffeic Acids , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Calcium , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes , Bodily Secretions , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Female , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Middle Aged , NF-kappa B , Osteoarthritis , Drug Therapy , Phenylethyl Alcohol , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 732-736, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301233

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the incidences and characteristics of the ribs and intraspinal abnormalities in surgical patients with congenital scoliosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a retrospective study of the medical records and spine radiographs of 118 patients underwent surgical treatment between January 2010 and March 2011 with congenital scoliosis. The average age was 14 years (3-50 years).Fifty-two were male and 66 were female patients. The rib and intraspinal abnormalities were compared in different vertebral anomalies. Pearson's χ(2) test were used to analyze the incidence of anomalies of the ribs and vertebrae, as well as intraspinal anomalies.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 57 (48.3%) patients were found to have intraspinal abnormalities.Split cord deformities were identified to be the most common intraspinal anomaly (32.2%), followed by syringomyelia (21.2%).Sixty-nine patients (58.5%) had rib anomalies, which occurring on the concavity of the scoliosis was most frequent. The patients with mixed deformity and failure of segment were found to have a higher incidence of rib anomaly than those with failure formation (χ(2) = 14.05, P < 0.01). The patients with multiple level malformations were found to have significantly higher incidence of rib anomaly than those with single level malformation (χ(2) = 27.50, P < 0.01).Intraspinal anomalies occurred in 42 of 69 patients (60.9%) with rib anomalies and 15 of 49 patients (30.6%) without rib anomalies in congenital scoliosis. The occurrence of intraspinal malformation has significant difference with or without rib anomalies in congenital scoliosis (χ(2) = 10.5, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The intraspinal malformation is common in patients with mixed defects and failures of segmentation. The rib anomalies occurring on the concavity of the scoliosis is most frequent. The incidence of intraspinal anomaly is significant higher in the patients with rib anomalies than those without rib anomalies. Both the occurrence and type of rib anomaly, combined with vertebral deformity are helpful in forecasting the occurrence of intraspinal abnormalis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Incidence , Kyphosis , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Ribs , Congenital Abnormalities , Scoliosis , Classification , Pathology , Spine , Congenital Abnormalities , Syringomyelia , Pathology , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 821-826, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301203

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate clinical outcomes of growing rod technique in treating young children with congenital scoliosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From August 2002 to October 2009, 34 patients with congenital scoliosis underwent growing rod procedures including 12 male and 22 female patients. Four patients underwent posterior correction surgeries with single growing rod (single growing rod group), 30 patients underwent posterior correction surgeries with dual growing rod(dual growing rod group). The average age at initial surgery was 6.9(2-13) years. Five patients with severe rigid deformity or kyphosis had an osteotomy at apex vertebra with short segmental fusion followed by dual growing rod technique. The analysis included age at initial surgery and final fusion (if applicable), number and frequency of lengthenings, and complications. Radiographic evaluation including scoliosis, trunk translation, length of T1-S1, thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis was conducted.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The follow-up was 40.5 (24-110) months. In single growing rod group, the mean scoliosis Cobb angle improved from 80.9°to 59.5°after initial surgery and was 65.3°at the latest follow-up. T1-S1 length increased from average 24.3 cm to 26.0 cm after initial surgery, and to 31.1 cm at latest follow-up with an increase of 1.05 cm per year. The space available for lung ratio(SAL) in patients with thoracic curves improved from 0.81 to 0.92 at the latest follow-up. Three patients reached final fusion. Four complications occurred in 3 of the 4 patients. In dual growing rod group, the mean scoliosis Cobb angle improved from 72° ± 22°to 35 ± 14° after initial surgery and was 35 ± 17°at the last follow-up or post-final fusion. T1-S1 length increased from (25 ± 5) cm to (29 ± 5)cm after initial surgery and to (33 ± 5)cm at latest follow-up with an average T1-S1 length increase of 1.49 cm per year. The SAL in patients with thoracic curves improved from 0.84 ± 0.08 to 0.96 ± 0.06 at the latest follow-up. Three patients reached final fusion. Complications occurred in 7 of the 30 patients, and they had a total of 13 complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Growing rod technique is a safe and effective choice for young children of long, complex congenital scoliosis. It maintains correction achieved at initial surgery while allowing spinal growth to continue. Implants-related complications remain the biggest challenge.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Kyphosis , Lordosis , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis , General Surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spine , General Surgery
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285976

ABSTRACT

The traditional treatment of scoliosis is mainly based on open surgeries that use the anterior approach, the posterior approach, or both. These surgical procedures often lead to complications including massive blood loss, infections, and pain of incision.The minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) was introduced in the 1990s and has shown many advantages including less blood loss, less pain, and lower infection incidences.Today MISS is mainly used in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and adult scoliosis. However, due to some inevitable complications, it still can not be routinely applied.This review will briefly summarize the advances in the application of MISS in surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and adult scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Scoliosis , General Surgery , Spine , General Surgery
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243189

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of suction drainage versus nondrainage on the post-operative rehabilitation of patients receiving primary bilateral total knee arthroplasties (TKA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective study including 40 patients was conducted. These patients were diagnosed with osteoarthritis and underwent primary bilateral TKA between October 2007 and September 2009 with the same operation team. A suction drainage was placed by randomization in only one knee for each patient, while the other knee as self-control. Pain visual analogue scale score, extremity swelling, wound healing, range of motion and incidence of early post-operative complications between the drained and nondrained group were compared statistically.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Each patient was followed up for 12 months. Placing drainage did not relieve the pain, extremity swelling, ecchymosis, or reduce the incidence of early complications (all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Suction drainage in TKA does not exhibit substantial advantages in promoting post-operative rehabilitation after unsophisticated TKA, compared with nondrainage. On the other hand, it might complicate the surgical operation, and increase the incidence of post-operative hemorrhage and retrograde infection. Thus we do not recommend suction drainage in unsophisticated TKA.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Rehabilitation , Blood Loss, Surgical , Drainage , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Visual Analog Scale , Wound Healing
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3962-3971, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236129

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) through a minimally invasive approach (mTLIF) was introduced to reduce soft tissue injury and speed recovery. Studies with small numbers of patients have been carried out, comparing mTLIF with traditional open TLIF (oTLIF), but inconsistent outcomes were reported.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of mTLIF and oTLIF in the treatment of degenerative lumbar disease. We searched PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews in March 2013 for studies directly comparing mTLIF and oTLIF. Patient characteristics, interventions, surgical-related messages, early recovery parameters, long-term clinical outcomes, and complications were extracted and relevant results were pooled.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twelve cohort studies with a total of 830 patients were identified. No significant difference regarding average operating time was observed when comparing mTLIF group with oTLIF group (-0.35 minute, 95% confidence interval (CI): -20.82 to 20.13 minutes). Intraoperative blood loss (-232.91 ml, 95% CI: -322.48 to -143.33 ml) and postoperative drainage (-111.24.ml, 95% CI: -177.43 to -45.05 ml) were significantly lower in the mTLIF group. A shorter hospital stay by about two days was observed in patients who underwent mTLIF (-2.11 days, 95% CI: -2.76 to -1.45 days). With regard to long-term clinical outcomes, no significant difference in visual analog scale score (-0.25, 95% CI: -0.63 to 0.13) was observed; however, there was a slight improvement in Oswestry Disability Index (-1.42, 95% CI: -2.79 to -0.04) during a minimum of 1-year follow-up between the two groups. The incidence of complications did not differ significantly between the procedures (RR = 1.06, 95% CI: 0.7 to 1.59). Reoperation was more common in patients in mTLIF group than in oTLIF group (5% vs. 2.9%), but this difference was not significant (RR = 1.62, 95% CI: 0.75 to 3.51).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Current evidence suggests that, compared with traditional open surgery, mTLIF reduces blood loss and allows early postoperative recovery, while achieving comparable or slightly better long-term outcomes, and with a comparable risk of complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Neurodegenerative Diseases , General Surgery , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 249-252, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333507

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>It has been stated that preoperative pulmonary function tests are essential to assess the surgical risk in patients with scoliosis. Arterial blood gas tests have also been used to evaluate pulmonary function before scoliotic surgery. However, few studies have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of preoperative arterial blood gas tests in the surgical treatment of scoliosis with moderate or severe pulmonary dysfunction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study involved scoliotic patients with moderate or severe pulmonary dysfunction (forced vital capacity < 60%) who underwent surgical treatment between January 2002 and April 2010. A total of 73 scoliotic patients (23 males and 50 females) with moderate or severe pulmonary dysfunction were included. The average age of the patients was 16.53 years (ranged 10 - 44). The demographic distribution, medical records, and radiographs of all patients were collected. All patients received arterial blood gas tests and pulmonary function tests before surgery. The arterial blood gas tests included five parameters: partial pressure of arterial oxygen, partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide, alveolar-arterial oxygen tension gradient, pH, and standard bases excess. The pulmonary function tests included three parameters: forced expiratory volume in 1 second ratio, forced vital capacity ratio, and peak expiratory flow ratio. All five parameters of the arterial blood gas tests were compared between the two groups with or without postoperative pulmonary complications by variance analysis. Similarly, all three parameters of the pulmonary function tests were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average coronal Cobb angle before surgery was 97.42° (range, 50° - 180°). A total of 15 (20.5%) patients had postoperative pulmonary complications, including hypoxemia in 5 cases (33.3%), increased requirement for postoperative ventilatory support in 4 (26.7%), pneumonia in 2 (13.3%), atelectasis in 2 (13.3%), pneumothorax in 1 (6.7%), and hydrothorax in 1 (6.7%). No significant differences in demographic characteristics or perioperative factors (P > 0.05) existed between the two groups with or without postoperative pulmonary complications. According to the variance analysis, there were no statistically significant differences in any parameter of the arterial blood gas tests between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>No significant correlation between the results of the preoperative arterial blood gas tests and postoperative pulmonary complications existed in scoliotic patients with moderate or severe pulmonary dysfunction. However, the postoperative complications tended to increase with the decrease of partial pressure of arterial oxygen in the arterial blood gas tests.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Physiology , Humans , Lung , Physiology , Male , Oxygen , Blood , Postoperative Complications , Preoperative Care , Respiratory Function Tests , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis , General Surgery , Vital Capacity , Physiology , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 714-718, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245801

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and effectiveness of one-stage posterior correction of scoliosis associated with little symptomatic syringomyelia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 19 cases diagnosed as scoliosis with little symptomatic syringomyelia between January 2003 and November 2010 were included in this study (study group), the patients underwent one-stage posterior correction and instrumentation without neurosurgery for the syringomyelia. At the same time, 9 cases with severe symptomatic syringomyelia were included as the control group, the patients underwent neurosurgery before scoliosis correction, including suboccipital decompression and syrinx shunting. All patients underwent posterior pedicle screw or screw-hook hybrid instrumentation. The preoperative, postoperative and the last follow-up of the Cobb angle of the coronal main curve and thoracic kyphosis were measured. Also, the preoperative and postoperative of the apical vertebra translation, apical vertebra rotation and trunk shift were measured by the same person. The perioperative and the last follow-up complications of neurological injury were recorded. The surgical outcome and postoperative complications between the 2 groups were compared with the t student and chi-square statistics methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in gender, age, the location, length and diameter of the syringomyelia of the 2 groups (P > 0.05). The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 45 months, with a mean of 28.6 months. The average preoperative Cobb angles of coronal main curves of the 2 groups were 71° ± 23° and 68° ± 19°, the postoperative Cobb angles were 27° ± 20° and 25° ± 16°, and the last follow-up Cobb angles were 29° ± 17° and 32° ± 20°. The coronal correction rate was 66% ± 19% in the study group and 65% ± 21% in the control group (t = 0.136, P = 0.893). There was no significant difference at the last follow-up(t = 0.210, P = 0.837). The average preoperative Cobb angles of thoracic kyphosis of the 2 groups were 35° ± 18° and 32° ± 19°, the postoperative Cobb angles were 25° ± 10° and 23° ± 9°, and the last follow-up Cobb angles were 24° ± 4° and 28° ± 8°. The mean sagittal correction rate of the 2 groups were 50% ± 58% and 57% ± 53% (t = -0.303, P = 0.764). There was also no significant difference at the last follow-up time (t = 0.769, P = 0.490). There were no significant difference, in terms of the postoperative of the apical vertebra translation, apical vertebra rotation and trunk shift between the 2 groups (P > 0.05). One case in the study group complicated with a pedicle screw breaking the anterior cortex of the vertebra and one in the control group complicated with a hook loosening, postoperatively. At the last follow-up time, the neurological symptoms of the 2 groups got no aggravating.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>One-stage posterior correction of scoliosis associated with little symptomatic syringomyelia may be effective and safe.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Scoliosis , General Surgery , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Syringomyelia , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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