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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the value of shear wave velocity (SWV) combined with thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.Methods:Thirty-five patients with hyperthyroidism who were treated and confirmed in the Fuyang Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from December 2017 to September 2019 were selected as hyperthyroidism group, and 30 cases of normal health check-up patients in the outpatient department were selected as control group. All of the patients and medical persons were checked by conventional two-dimensional ultrasound and SWV, and the SWV and serum TSH, thyrotrophin receptor antibody(TRAb), thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) expression levels of two groups were tested and compared. The correlation relationship in SWV value and serum TSH, TRAb, TGAb, TPOAb levels of hyperthyroidism patients was analyzed by Pearson methods. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) method was used to analyze the value of SWV, serum TSH and SWV combined with serum in diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.Results:The SWV values of upper pole, middle pole and lower pole in the hyperthyroidism group had no significant differences ( P>0.05). The SWV values of upper hole, middle pole and lower pole of the left and right lobe of thyroid in the hyperthyroidism group were significantly higher than those in the control group [left lobe: (2.41 ± 0.34) m/s vs. (2.07 ± 0.28) m/s, (2.44 ± 0.39) m/s vs. (2.08 ± 0.25) m/s, (2.46 ± 0.43) m/s vs. (2.04 ± 0.30) m/s; right lobe: (2.47 ± 0.42) m/s vs.(2.01 ± 0.25) m/s, (2.41 ± 0.40) m/s vs. (1.95 ± 0.23) m/s, (2.43 ± 0.35) m/s vs. (2.06 ± 0.24) m/s] ( P<0.01). The serum TSH level in the hyperthyroidism group were significantly lower than that in the control group [(0.05 ± 0.03) kU/L vs. (2.74 ± 1.17) kU/L], while serum TRAb, TGAb and TPOAb levels were significantly higher than those in the control group [(15.82 ± 5.54) U/L vs. (0.55 ± 0.13) U/L, (290.63 ± 145.03) kU/L vs. (25.63 ± 7.12) kU/L, (627.17 ± 250.33) kU/L vs. (34.32 ± 5.95) kU/L], and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.01). In the hyperthyroidism group, the SWV was negatively correlated with serum TSH ( r=- 0.862, P<0.05), but positively correlated with serum TRAb, TGAb and TPOAb ( r=0.763, 0.837, 0.804, P<0.05). The area under curve(AUC), sensitivity and specificity of combined diagnosis of hyperthyroidism with SWV value and serum TSH were 0.936, 94.29% and 91.43%, which was better than that of SWV (0.803, 80.00%, 74.29%) and serum TSH (0.842, 82.86%, 77.14%). Conclusions:SWV combined with TSH has a high clinical value in the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511800

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand hand hygiene(HH) compliance among health care workers(HCWs) and incidence of healthcare-associated infection(HAI) in surgical patients before and after the intervention, analyze the effect of HH on cost-effectiveness of HAI.Methods From December 2012-June 2014, 78 HCWs in the department of neurosurgery of a hospital were as the intervention objects of HH compliance, 325 patients who underwent craniocerebral clean operation were as the surveyed objects, HH compliance among HCWs, incidence of HAI in surgical patients, cost of HH, and hospitalization expense before and after intervention were compared respectively.Results HH compliance among HCWs before and after intervention were 35.24% (216/613) and 73.75%(486/659)respectively (X2=180.091,P<0.001);incidence of HAI in surgical patients before and after intervention were 31.85%(50/157)and 18.45%(31/168)respectively(X2=7.782,P<0.001).Hospitalization expense before and after intervention were (89 524.90±38 856.70)¥ and (61 401.00±29 237.80)¥ respectively;average length of hospital stay before and after intervention were 36.70 days and 26.90 days respectively(t=3.296, 3.511,respectively, both P<0.01).Conclusion Improving HH compliance among HCWs can reduce the incidence of HAI and hospitalization cost, and shorten the average length of hospital stay of patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470917

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of dexmedetomidine hydrochloride injection on patients with craniocerebral disease who has no artificial airway in the process of bronchoalveolar lavage treatment.Methods Forty-six patients (age 17-28,average age 56.6±9.2,26 men and 20 women) with craniocerebral disease who has no artificial airway were selected,and were treated by bronchoalveolar lavage for lung infection.The patients were randomly divided into two groups,control and test group.The control group (n=23) received midazolam for sedative and the test group (n=23) received dexmedetomidine hydrochloride for sedative while they were in the process of bronchoalveolar lavage treatment.Heart rate,mean arterial pressure and blood oxygen saturation of fingers collected from patients before and during the process of bronchoalveolar lavage were compared.Results In the process of bronchoalveolar lavage treatment,the minimum blood oxygen saturation of finger artery from the control group was lower than that from the test group,the fastest heart rate from the control group was greater than that from the test group,and the lowest mean arterial pressure from the control group was lower than that from the test group (P<0.05).In two groups,heart rate in the process of bronchoalveolar lavage treatment was faster than that from before the treatment,while both mean arterial pressure and blood oxygen saturation of finger artery were decreased (P<0.05).Conclusions Continuous intravenous pumping of dexmedetomidine hydrochloride on patients with craniocerebral disease who has no artificial airway during the process of bronchoalveolar lavage treatment is effective and safe,and it has less inhibitory effect on respiratory function and blood pressure.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432286

ABSTRACT

The pancreatic tissues from patients with islet cell hyperplasia,insulinoma,and pancreatic adenocarcinoma,as well as normal pancreatic tissues were embedded with paraffin,serial sections were cut and mounted on glass slides.Immunohistochemical staining was carried out with N-myc down-stream regulated gene 2 (Ndrg2) monoclonal antibody by means of ABC method,and Western blotting was carried out to detect the expression and distribution of Ndrg2.The results showed that Ndrg2 positive immunoreactivity was mainly localized in the cytoplasm of islet cell,being similar to the localization of insulin positive immunoreactivity.The number and volume of pancreatic islets were increased in the patients with islet cell hyperplasia,and Ndrg2 expression was also increased.Western blotting results showed that the expression of Ndrg2 in the pancreas of patients with islet cell hyperplasia was increased compared with normal group.The above results suggest that Ndrg2 may play an important role in performing physiological function of islet cells.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330874

ABSTRACT

Human acute premyeloid leukemia cell cDNA expression library was constructed to screen acute premyeloid leukemia tumor antigen. Total RNA and purified mRNA were extracted from human premyeloid cell line NB4. First and second strands of cDNA were synthesized by reverse transcription. After blunting, the cDNA fragments were ligated with EcoR I adapters. Then the cDNAs were digested with Xho I, and less than 400 bp cDNA fragment was removed by Sephacryl-S400 spin column, the remaining were ligated with lambdaZAP vector. The recombinants were packaged in vitro, and a small portion of packaged phage was used to infect E. coli XL1-Blue-MRF' for titration. The recombinants were examined by color selection. In order to evaluate the size of cDNA inserts and the diversity of library, the pBK-CMV phagemid was excised from the ZAP express vector by using ExAssist helper phage with XLOLR strain, and then the pBK-CMV phagemid was digested by Xho I and EcoR I. The results showed that the NB4 cell line cDNA library consisting of 1.65 x 10(6) recombinant bacteriophages was constructed with the recombinant ratio of 99.6%. The average length of the recombinant exogenous inserts was about 1.7 kb. It was concluded that the constructed cDNA library are deserved to screen target clones.


Subject(s)
Bacteriophages , Genetics , DNA, Complementary , DNA, Neoplasm , DNA, Recombinant , Gene Library , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase , Metabolism , Transcription, Genetic , Genetics
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640965

ABSTRACT

Human acute premyeloid leukemia cell cDNA expression library was constructed to screen acute premyeloid leukemia tumor antigen. Total RNA and purified mRNA were extracted from human premyeloid cell line NB4. First and second strands of cDNA were synthesized by reverse transcription. After blunting, the cDNA fragments were ligated with EcoR I adapters. Then the cDNAs were digested with Xho I, and less than 400 bp cDNA fragment was removed by Sephacryl-S400 spin column, the remaining were ligated with lambdaZAP vector. The recombinants were packaged in vitro, and a small portion of packaged phage was used to infect E. coli XL1-Blue-MRF' for titration. The recombinants were examined by color selection. In order to evaluate the size of cDNA inserts and the diversity of library, the pBK-CMV phagemid was excised from the ZAP express vector by using ExAssist helper phage with XLOLR strain, and then the pBK-CMV phagemid was digested by Xho I and EcoR I. The results showed that the NB4 cell line cDNA library consisting of 1.65 x 10(6) recombinant bacteriophages was constructed with the recombinant ratio of 99.6%. The average length of the recombinant exogenous inserts was about 1.7 kb. It was concluded that the constructed cDNA library are deserved to screen target clones.


Subject(s)
Bacteriophages/genetics , DNA, Complementary/biosynthesis , DNA, Neoplasm/biosynthesis , DNA, Recombinant/biosynthesis , Gene Library , Genetic Vectors , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/genetics , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/metabolism , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/pathology , RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase/metabolism , Transcription, Genetic/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544371

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of metabolically correlated factors on pig renal tubule in cellular level by observing effects of glucose,insulin and uric acid on activity of haemachrome oxygenase in renal tubular epithelial cells.Methods Pig near renal tubular cell line(LLC-PK1) was selected as experimental object.After stimulating cells respectively with glucose(5,10,22,33mmol/L),uric acid(0,0.1,0.2,0.4mmol/L);and insulin(0,10~(-9),0~(-8),10~(-7)mol/L) in different concentrations for 48 hours,the activity of HO-1 within the cells was determined.Results In uric acid group the activity of HO-1 was significantly increased in a concentration-dependent manner,while in glucose and insulin groups,the activity of HO-1 did not change.Conclusion After LLC-PK1 was stimulated by uric acid of different concentrations,HO-1 was induced evidently,which indicates that uric acid might affect oxidative stress in renal tubule cell line.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 12-16, 2002.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308156

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression regulation of thyrotrophin-releasing hormone (TRH) and TRH receptor (TRH-R), and their role in the development of rat testis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Oligonucleotide primers were designed from the sequences of rat hypothalamus prepro TRH (ppTRH) and pituitary TRH-R cDNA for reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Specific fragments of ppTRH and TRH-R cDNA were cloned and sequenced. Expression plasmids containing ppTRH and TRH-R genes were then constructed, and expression was found in E. coli DH5-alpha. ppTRH and TRH-R mRNA in the testis was quantitated in RNA samples prepared from rats at different developmental stages by real time quantitative RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The quantitative analyses demonstrated that no ppTRH and TRH mRNA could be detected at the earliest stage (day 8). ppTRH and TRH mRNA signals were detected on day 15 and increased progressively on days 20, 35, 60 and 90.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our results suggest that rat testis could specifically express TRH and TRH-R, and the transcriptions of ppTRH and TRH-R genes in the rat testis were development-dependent. The acquirement of expressed products for ppTRH and TRH-R can be used for further research on the physiological significance of TRH and TRH-R expression in rat testis.</p>


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Animals , Male , Protein Precursors , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Testis , Metabolism , Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411767

ABSTRACT

To look for new genes from human brain, get a fragment was obtained using adaptor primer and 3' anchor polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with the human adult whole brain cDNA as template. The fragment was cloned into T easy vector and automatically sequenced with 310 Genetic Analyzer. Later the whole length cDNA of this novel gene was got with the method of 3'rapid amplification of cDNA end (RACE). The whole length of cDNA of this novel gene is 2 024 bp. Chromsome location is at 14q11.2 including 16 extrons and 15 introns. After scanning the sequence against GenBank it is proved that the sequence is a new one. ORF analysis showed that there is a complete coding region in it,it can interprate a protein containing 357 amino acid residules. ProDom analysis result showed that there is an acyl carrier protein (ACP) like domain in it. The gene was banked into GenBank. Then, a pare of primers were designed and were used to amplify the coding region and cloned into pGEX-4T1 expressing vector to express it in E. coli . The Dot blotting and Northern blot showed that this novel gene is highly expressed in the normal adult human brain.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622178

ABSTRACT

Aim To construct the fusion gene of human IgG3 upper hinge region and p53 tetramerization domain and to analyze its space conformation. Methods The fusion gene was obtained by recursive polymerase chain reaction (R-PCR),and was cloned into vector pUC19. The positive clone was selected and sequenced with PE310 auto-sequencer. The space conformation of the fusion gene expression product was predicted by using computer program Antheprot. Results Restriction endonuclease digestion confirmed that the fusion gene has been inserted correctly into the vector. The result of sequencing showed that the fusion gene is identical with designation. Analyzing with antheprot program showed that the fusion gene expression product could auto-assembly into a tetramer with four long and flexible linkers. Conclusion Successful construction of the fusion gene mentioned above laid the foundation for further preparation of multivalent gene engineering antibody.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556859

ABSTRACT

Objective Discoidin domain receptor 2 is a kind of receptor tyrosine kinases, which was found to be over-expressed in synovial fibroblasts in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The present study was to construct and express wild type (FLDDR2), Fc chimera (FcDDR2) and truncated form of mouse discoidin domain receptor 2 (ttDDR2) for further study. Methods Full-length, truncated form of mouse DDR2 were amplified by RT-PCR. A chimera form of mouse DDR2 was constructed by replacing part of the extracellular domain with Fc fragment of human immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1). Eukaryotic expression vectors of the different forms of mouse DDR2 were constructed by subcloning the PCR products into pcDNA3.1(+) or pMKIT-Neo. Then COS-7 cells were transient transfected with the eukaryotic expression vectors of full-length (FLDDR2), truncated (ttDDR2) and chimeric form of mouse DDR2 (FcDDR2). Successful transfection and expression was confirmed by Western blot(WB) and Immunoprecipitation (IP)/WB. With or without stimulation with soluble type I collagen for 3h, phosphorylation level of transfected cells were detected by IP/WB. Eukaryotic expression vectors of full-length, truncated form and chimeric forms of mouse DDR2 were successfully constructed and confirmed by sequencing. After transient transfection, the expression of these three forms in the respectively transfected cells was observed by Western blot. Results The result of IP/WB suggested that the chimeric form of mouse DDR2(FcDDR2) could be properly expressed in the COS-7 cells. Under the condition of collagen, decreased tyrosine phosphorylation of FLDDR2 was detected in the COS-7 cells that were cotransfected with ttDDR2 and FLDDR2, comparing with that in COS-7 cells transected with only FLDDR2. There was no obvious difference in phosphorylation level between FcDDR2 without collagen stimulation and FLDDR2 with the collagen stimulation. Conclusion Three different forms of mouse DDR2 were successfully constructed. FcDDR2 could be an activator for its auto-phosphorylation. And ttDDR2 could be a partially negative competitor.

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