Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 42
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862248

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To observe the clinical effect of adoptive immunocyte infusion combined with immunodeprivation in the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer. Methods: The information of 35 patients with castration resistant prostate cancer, who were treated in the Affiliated Guizhou Provincial Cancer Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from 2011 to 2018 was collected. According to different treatments, these patients were divided into biotherapy group (18 cases) and non-biotherapy group (17 cases). Patients in the non-biotherapy group were treated with abiraterone or docetaxel, while the patients in biotherapy group were treated with cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) in combination with cyclophosphamide (CTX). The treatment efficacy in the biotherapy group and the non-biotherapy group was evaluated by comparing the changes of prostate cancer-specific antigen (PSA), improvement of subjective indicators (bone pain, sleep, physical strength) and clinical efficacy before and after treatment. Results: (1) PSA level: after treatment, PSA was decreased in both groups; the biotherapy group had an obvious decrease (P<0.01),which was more significant than the decrease in non-biotherapy group (P<0.05). (2) Clinical efficacy: The clinical efficacy of patients after CTL treatment was significantly different from that of non-biotherapy group (P<0.01). (3) Subjective indicators: The bone pain, sleep and physical strength of the patients in the biotherapy group were significantly improved after treatment, and there was a significant difference as compared with patients of the non-biological treatment group (P<0.01). (4) Overall survival: The median survival of the patients receiving biotherapy was 4 months longer than patients from non-biological treatment group, but the difference was insignificant (P=0.3935). Conclusion: CTL combined with CTX in the treatment of castration resistant prostate cancer can significantly reduce PSA and improve the quality of life of patients.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1991-1997, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of decitabine combined with low-dose CEG regimen (DCEG) and decitabine combined with low-dose CAG regimen (DCAG) in the treatment of elderly patients with MDS and MDS-transformed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted in 7 medical centers, 45 patients with MDS (≥ 60 years old) and MDS-transformed AML from October 2016 to January 2019 were enrolled, with the median age of 68.5 years old. The risk stratification of patients was poor or very poor, according to IPSS-R score. The treament results of decitabine combined with CEG and decitabine combined with CAG were compared.@*RESULTS@#The comparison of the two regiem showed that the DCEG regimen had advantages on total effective rate (ORR, 86.4% vs 47.8%, respectively), overall survival time (OS) (10.0 months vs 6.0 months, respectively) and progression-free survival time (PFS) (9.0 months vs 3.0 months, respectively). About 50% of MDS patients treated by DCEG regimen achieved PR or CR, with a median OS of 31 months. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with PR or CR after induction therapy and DCEG regimen had longer survival time (31months). The incidence of bone marrow suppression, infection and treatment-related mortality rate were similar between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Decitabine combined with CEG regimen could improve the survival of patients with high-risk MDS and MDS-transformed AML. The conclusion of the reaserch needs to be validated by a larger prospective randomized clinical trial.


Subject(s)
Aclarubicin , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Azacitidine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/drug therapy , Patients , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 436-441, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872515

ABSTRACT

Esophageal cancer is the most common malignant tumors in the digestive system. The treatments include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy. In order to prolong the survival time and reduce the recurrence rate, most of the patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer were treated with combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy. There are many ways of concurrent chemoradiotherapy, together with the application of molecular targeting and immune drugs in esophageal cancer, there are different modes of combined therapy, which are of great significance to improve clinical efficacy and treatment compliance. This article reviews the progress of concurrent chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer in recent years.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791124

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the protective effect and mechanism of the dihydromyricetin (DHM) on cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) rat model. Methods The AD model of rats was established by injecting Aβ1-42 oligomolymer into the hippocampus. According to the random number table,30 successfully constructed AD model rats were divided into AD group,AD+DHM1 group and AD+DHM2 group,with 10 in each group. And the rats in the three groups were intraperitoneally injected with nor-mal saline,100 mg/kg DHM and 200 mg/kg DHM for 21 days,respectively. Another 10 rats with body mass matching were taken as the control group. Morris water maze was used to evaluate the spatial learning and memory ability of rats in each group,the expression of inflammatory cytokines were detected by Elisa,and the expressions of AMPK and SIRT1 proteins were detected by Western blot. Results Compared with the con-trol group,the escape incubation period of rats in AD group was prolonged,and the difference was statistically significant (day 5 :(10. 36±2. 80)s,(22. 40±2. 98)s;t=-18. 63,P<0. 05). Compared with AD group,the escape latency of rats in AD+DHM1 group and AD+DHM2 group were shortened (day 5:AD+DHM1 group (15. 68±3. 06) s,AD+DHM2 group (18. 85±3. 22) s; t=10. 65,4. 13,both P<0. 05). Compared with AD group,rats in AD+DHM1 group and AD+DHM2 group had more crossing times ((1. 87± 0. 76),( 2. 75± 0. 63) and (3. 78±0. 71);t=-6. 86,-9. 83,both P<0. 05),and the target quadrant residence time were ex-tended ((17. 08±1. 99) s,(16. 33±4. 33) s,(22. 59±4. 21) s;t= 28. 5,8. 63,both P<0. 05). Compared with the control group,the levels of IL-1β,IL-6 and TNF-α in the serum and hippocampus of the AD group were significantly increased (serum: t=4. 98, 7. 87, 5. 43, all P<0. 05; hippocampus: t=11. 13, 30. 50, 23. 38,all P<0. 05). Compared with the AD group,the levels of IL-1β,IL-6 and TNF-α in the serum and hippocampus of the AD+DHM1 group and the AD+DHM2 group were significantly decreased,the difference was statistically significant ( serum: AD+DHM1 group t=-4. 13,-10. 70,-9. 22, AD+DHM2 group t=-1. 75,-3. 63,-18. 75,all P<0. 05;hippocampus:AD+DHM1 group t=-69. 13,-15. 13,-6. 50,AD+DHM2 group t=-10. 25,-39. 00,-8. 00,all P<0. 05). Compared with the control group,the expression of p-AMPK/AMPK protein and SIRT1 protein in the AD group were decreased. The expression of the two pro-teins in the AD+DHM1 group and the AD+DHM2 group were increased,comparing with those of AD group, and the difference was statistically significant(all P<0. 05). Conclusion DHM exerts protective role in AD model rats,which may be related to the activation of AMPK/SIRT1 pathway and the inhibition of inflammato-ry response.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796985

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the protective effect and mechanism of the dihydromyricetin (DHM) on cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) rat model.@*Methods@#The AD model of rats was established by injecting Aβ1-42 oligomolymer into the hippocampus. According to the random number table, 30 successfully constructed AD model rats were divided into AD group, AD+ DHM1 group and AD+ DHM2 group, with 10 in each group.And the rats in the three groups were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline, 100 mg/kg DHM and 200 mg/kg DHM for 21 days, respectively.Another 10 rats with body mass matching were taken as the control group.Morris water maze was used to evaluate the spatial learning and memory ability of rats in each group, the expression of inflammatory cytokines were detected by Elisa, and the expressions of AMPK and SIRT1 proteins were detected by Western blot.@*Results@#Compared with the control group, the escape incubation period of rats in AD group was prolonged, and the difference was statistically significant (day 5 : (10.36±2.80)s, (22.40±2.98)s; t=-18.63, P<0.05). Compared with AD group, the escape latency of rats in AD+ DHM1 group and AD+ DHM2 group were shortened (day 5: AD+ DHM1 group (15.68±3.06) s, AD+ DHM2 group (18.85±3.22) s; t=10.65, 4.13, both P<0.05). Compared with AD group, rats in AD+ DHM1 group and AD+ DHM2 group had more crossing times ((1.87±0.76), (2.75±0.63) and (3.78±0.71); t=-6.86, -9.83, both P<0.05), and the target quadrant residence time were extended ((17.08±1.99) s, (16.33±4.33) s, (22.59±4.21) s; t= 28.5, 8.63, both P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the serum and hippocampus of the AD group were significantly increased (serum: t=4.98, 7.87, 5.43, all P<0.05; hippocampus: t=11.13, 30.50, 23.38, all P<0.05). Compared with the AD group, the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the serum and hippocampus of the AD+ DHM1 group and the AD+ DHM2 group were significantly decreased, the difference was statistically significant(serum: AD+ DHM1 group t=-4.13, -10.70, -9.22, AD+ DHM2 group t=-1.75, -3.63, -18.75, all P<0.05; hippocampus: AD+ DHM1 group t=-69.13, -15.13, -6.50, AD+ DHM2 group t=-10.25, -39.00, -8.00, all P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the expression of p-AMPK/AMPK protein and SIRT1 protein in the AD group were decreased.The expression of the two proteins in the AD+ DHM1 group and the AD+ DHM2 group were increased, comparing with those of AD group, and the difference was statistically significant(all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#DHM exerts protective role in AD model rats, which may be related to the activation of AMPK/SIRT1 pathway and the inhibition of inflammatory response.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694121

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of alprostadil on the microcirculation and mortality after the fluid resuscitation in patients with septic shock.Methods The patients who met the criteria of septic shock admitted to our hospital from March 2015 to September 2016 were selected as the subjects.After the shock resuscitation reached the standard,they were randomly divided into control group and alprostadil group.Control group was given a standard treatment.On the basis of standard treatment,alprostadil group was given alprostadil 10μg/d plus tube.The heart rate,mean arterial pressure (MAP),central venous pressure (CVP),lactic acid (Lac) and urine volume were recorded at 0,1,3 and 7 days.The microcirculation index under the tongue including small vessel density (TvDs),perfused small microvessel density (PvDs),small vessel perfusion ratio (PPVs),microvascular flow index (MFI) and heterogeneity index (HI) were recorded at 0,6,24 and 72h.The patients' hospitalization time in ICU,total hospitalization time and mortality rate of follow-up 28 days were recorded.Results Forty-eight patients were enrolled in this study,of which 23 were in control group and 25 in alprostadil group.The heart rate and MAP had no significant changes in alprostadil group,but the CVP decreased significantly compared with control group (P<0.05) at 1,3,7 days after the treatment,and urine volume increased at 3 and 7 days in the alprostadil group (P<0.05);but TvDs did not increase at 6 and 24h in the two groups,while PvDs,PPVs,MFI,HI increased at 6,24 and 72h in the two groups,with a higher value at 24 and 72h than the 6h.The 72-h indexes were significantly higher in alprostadil group than in control group (P<0.05).The mechanical ventilation (MV) was significantly lower in alprostadil group than in control group (P<0.05);ICU hospitalization time and total hospitalization time was significantly shorter in alprostadil group than in control group (P<0.05).The hospital mortality and 28-day mortality were lower in alprostadil group than in control group (P<0.05).Conclusions Alprostadil could significantly improve the microcirculation and urine volume in the patients after resuscitation for septic shock,with little effect on systemic circulation,effectively improve the prognosis of patients,and shortening the mechanical ventilation time,ICU stay time and total hospitalization time,thus reducing the mortality rate.

7.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 587-591, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858763

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare oxcarbazepine nanostructured lipid carriers (OXC-NLC), and investigate their physicochemical properties. METHODS: OXC-NLC was prepared by emulsification solvent evaporation method, and the optimum prescription was screened by orthogonal design. Scanning electron microscope was used to observe the morphology of OXC-NLC. Granulometer was applied to determine the particle size and distribution. DSC was adopted for phase analysis. RESULTS: OXC-NLC prepared under the optimum conditions was mostly spherical grains, with an average particle size of (63.04 ± 2.05) nm, which were distributed evenly, and the Zeta potential was (-33.52 ± 0.34) mV. DSC results indicated that the drug was dispersed in nanoparticles in an amorphous state, with entrapment efficiency of (98.16 ± 1.59)% and drug-loading capacity of (4.27 ± 0.70)%. The in vitro drug release was 27.31% in 8 h, which was followed by a sustained release. CONCLUSION: The prepared OXC-NLC has uniform particle size distribution, high encapsulation efficiency, and sustained release effect. This processing technology is simple, reliable, and highly reproducible.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664144

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of self-made capacitation liquid for in vitro fertilization of Mongolian gerbils, and to provide a reference for gerbil embryo cryopreservation. Methods In vitro fertilization of Mongo?lian gerbil was performed with the self?prepared capacitation solution and semen, and the 2?cell embryos of Mongolian ger?bils were cultured in vitro using an improved KSOM culture medium. Results The in vitro fertilization rate of gerbils was over 60%, and some gerbil 2?cell embryos could develop further in vitro. Conclusions An in vitro fertilization and embry?o development system of Mongolian gerbil has been established, but it needs further optimization.

9.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 984-988, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659568

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of β-blocker in hypertension patients with different basic heart rate (HR). Methods: A total of 191 hypertension patients without using β-blocker were enrolled. Based on different basic HR, the patients were divided into 3 groups: Group A: HR (70-79) beats/min, n=58, Group B: HR (80-89) beats/min, n=90 and Group C: HR≥90 beats/min, n=43. All patients received metoprolol extended release at 47.5 mg/d for 2 weeks, for those didn't reach the target HR, 23.75 mg/d was added as 71.25 mg/d for 4 weeks, for those still didn't reach target HR, the dose was added to 95 mg/d, total length of medication was 8 weeks. Blood pressure (BP) and HR were measured every 2 weeks in all patients. Results: 62% patients had basic HR>80 beats/min, 36% had basic HR>85 beats/min and 20% had basic HR>90 beats/min. The average dose of metoprolol was (59.7±17.0) mg/d. HR decreased in 3 groups after medication, all P<0.05. The reducing level in Group C was (29.3±7.8) beats/min, in Group B was (18.7±4.9) beats/min and in Group A was (11.0±4.0) beats/min, P<0.05; upon HR elevating 10 beats/minute, metoprolol caused HR reducing may increase 7.9%. BP was similar among 3 groups before and after medication, P>0.05. The average HR decreasing levels in patients with metoprolol 47.5 mg/d, 71.25 mg/d and 95 mg/d were (17.6±8.1) beats/min, (19.5±8.7) beats/min and (22.5±9.2) beats/min respectively; upon dose elevated to 71.25 mg/d and 95 mg/d, metoprolol caused HR reducing may increase10.8% and 27.8%. 1 patient had sinus bradycardia and 1 had dizziness during medication, the symptoms improved by dose reducing or drug withdrawal.Conclusion: About 2/3 hypertension patients had basic HR>80 beats/min, metoprolol could cause more HR reducing in patients with the faster basic HR. Metoprolol (47.5-95) mg/d was safe and effective in hypertension patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1447-1452, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657730

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explores the improvement in survival mechanism of a rat model of enterocoelia heterotopic heart transplant with rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells( BMSCs) IDO-overexpressing. Methods:IDO-overexpressing rat BMSCs were produced through transfection of rat BMSCs with IDO gene carried by the lentiviral vector GV308. A rat model of enterocoelia heterotopic heart transplantation was established. This rat model received a cell treatment via its tail veins, as follows: ①Echocardiography was employed to detect the functional changes in the transplanted heart.②The fluorescence intensity of the different parts of the transplanted heart was evaluated using a body imaging system for small living animals.③Receptors rat spleens cells were obtained and used for a flow cytometric detection of the expression levels of CD40,CD86,CD80,MHCⅡ,CD274,CD45RA,CD45RA+CD45RB,and Treg cells. ④A transplanted heart was obtained after injection to evaluate inflammatory cell infiltration through HE staining.⑤Liquid phase chips were used to detect changes in the serum factors IL-1ɑ,IL-4,IL-1β,IL-2,IL-10,IFN-γ,IL-18,TGFβ1, TGFβ2 and TGFβ3 in after injection cells. Results:①After the rat heterotopic heart transplantation model and the corresponding cell treatment were established,after over-expressed IDO-BMSCs treatment 2 days the EF and FS were higher in the transplanted heart than other groups.②The fluorescence intensity of the parts of the transplanted heart was highest in the IDO-BMSC overexpression group as revealed by small animal living body evaluation. ③Two days after the interventions, spleen cells in the over-expressed IDO-BMSCs group showed reduced expression levels of CD40,CD86,CD80,MHCⅡ,CD45RA,CD45RA+CD45RB and increased expression levels of CD274 and Treg cells as revealed by flow cytometry.④Liquid phase chips were used to examine the serum obtained from each group 2 days after the intervention,and the results showed that the expression levels of IL-1α,IL-4,IL-1β,IL-2,IFN-γand IL-18 in the IDO-BMSC overexpression group decrease. By contrast,the expression levels of IL-10,TGFβ1,TGFβ2 and TGFβ3 increase. HE staining results demonstrate that inflammatory cell infiltration was lower in IDO-BMSC overexpression group than in other groups. Conclusion:IDO-overexpressing BMSCs improve the survival of a transplanted heart through effective adjustment of immune DC and T cells,as well as cell factors.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657620

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of psychological intervention and midazolam in local anesthesia of ophthalmology. Methods Two groups of patients were according to the actual condition of the eye determines the choice of surgical treatment, control group received local anesthesia midazolam, research group was given midazolam provide psychological intervention before local anesthesia, recorded at different time points in two groups of patients in pain. Results The success rate of surgery in two eyes was 100.00%. The scores of NRS scale were significantly lower in the study group at the time of operation, at the end of the operation and at the postoperative 6h than in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Psychological intervention and midazolam combined with ophthalmic surgery can significantly improve the local anesthesia effect, and help to ensure the success rate and prognosis of patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657538

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid combined with drainage effectiveness and safety of clamping 6 hour program of perioperative blood loss of primary total knee replacement patients. Methods 76 cases of unilateral total knee replacement in our hospital for the study. In the control group, Sodium Chloride Solution was injected into the joint cavity to keep the drainage tube open. The experimental group underwent intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid combined with drainage clamping 6 hour treatment. The total blood loss and complications of the experimental group and the control group were compared and analyzed. Results There were no serious adverse reactions in the experimental group and the control group, the incidence rate was 5.26% and 7.89% respectively, and there was no significant difference (P<0.05). The total blood loss in the experimental group was (526.78 ± 229.09) mL, significantly less than that in the control group, and the total blood loss was (879.03 ± 246.80) mL, with statistical difference (P<0.05). The postoperative blood loss in the control group was (489.08 ± 267.80) mL, and the postoperative blood loss in the experimental group was (287.90 ± 245.78) mL, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). On the 7 day after operation, the patients in the experimental group and the control group received venous color Doppler ultrasonography, but no venous thrombosis was found. Conclusion The intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid combined with drainage clamping 6 hour scheme in reducing the initial application of patients with single knee arthroplasty, the clinical effect is ideal, can significantly reduce blood loss, high safety, has clinical significance.

13.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 984-988, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657459

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of β-blocker in hypertension patients with different basic heart rate (HR). Methods: A total of 191 hypertension patients without using β-blocker were enrolled. Based on different basic HR, the patients were divided into 3 groups: Group A: HR (70-79) beats/min, n=58, Group B: HR (80-89) beats/min, n=90 and Group C: HR≥90 beats/min, n=43. All patients received metoprolol extended release at 47.5 mg/d for 2 weeks, for those didn't reach the target HR, 23.75 mg/d was added as 71.25 mg/d for 4 weeks, for those still didn't reach target HR, the dose was added to 95 mg/d, total length of medication was 8 weeks. Blood pressure (BP) and HR were measured every 2 weeks in all patients. Results: 62% patients had basic HR>80 beats/min, 36% had basic HR>85 beats/min and 20% had basic HR>90 beats/min. The average dose of metoprolol was (59.7±17.0) mg/d. HR decreased in 3 groups after medication, all P<0.05. The reducing level in Group C was (29.3±7.8) beats/min, in Group B was (18.7±4.9) beats/min and in Group A was (11.0±4.0) beats/min, P<0.05; upon HR elevating 10 beats/minute, metoprolol caused HR reducing may increase 7.9%. BP was similar among 3 groups before and after medication, P>0.05. The average HR decreasing levels in patients with metoprolol 47.5 mg/d, 71.25 mg/d and 95 mg/d were (17.6±8.1) beats/min, (19.5±8.7) beats/min and (22.5±9.2) beats/min respectively; upon dose elevated to 71.25 mg/d and 95 mg/d, metoprolol caused HR reducing may increase10.8% and 27.8%. 1 patient had sinus bradycardia and 1 had dizziness during medication, the symptoms improved by dose reducing or drug withdrawal.Conclusion: About 2/3 hypertension patients had basic HR>80 beats/min, metoprolol could cause more HR reducing in patients with the faster basic HR. Metoprolol (47.5-95) mg/d was safe and effective in hypertension patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 410-414, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808999

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of scar excision combined with negative-pressure on repair of hypertrophic scar in burn children.@*Methods@#From October 2010 to August 2016, 25 children with hypertrophic scar after deep burn were hospitalized, with scar course ranging from 3 months to 11 years and scar area ranging from 35 to 427 [83(51, 98)]cm2. A total of 35 scars of 25 children were located in trunk (11 scars), upper limb (11 scars), and lower limb (13 scars). All children received scar excision operation and negative-pressure treatment (negative-pressure value ranged from -40 to -20 kPa), among which 6 cases received scar excision operation and negative-pressure treatment for two times for further removal of scars. After scar excision, electronic spring scale was used to measure the tension of the incision. The tension value of children ranged from 3.43 to 23.84 [7.16 (5.59, 9.12)] N, and then the incision was closed with appropriate suture according to the value of the tension. The incision with smaller tension was firstly opened on post operation day (POD) 8. After removing the suture, negative-pressure was conducted to POD 14. The incision with larger tension was firstly opened on POD 12. After removing the suture, biological semi-membrane was used to reduce tension to POD 16. All healed incisions were performed with anti-scar treatment for 1 year and relaxation and fixation for 3 months. General condition of the incision was observed after operation. The reduction percentage of scar area was calculated half-year after operation. The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale was used to record the overall score of scar and scar score of trunk, upper limb, and lower limb before operation and half-year after operation. Data were processed with paired t test and Wilcoxon rank sum test.@*Results@#After removing the suture, all incisions of children healed well without redness, effusion, and rupture. Half-year after operation, the appearance and deformity of incision were obviously improved, and the symptoms including pruritus and pain were basically relieved. Half-year after operation, the scar area of children ranged from 0 to 174 [21(9, 47)]cm2, which was significantly decreased as compared with that before operation (Z=-5.16, P<0.05). The reduction percentage of scar area ranged from 36% to 100% [(73±19)%]. Half-year after operation, the overall score of scar and scar score of trunk, upper limb, and lower limb of children were obviously decreased as compared with those before operation (with t values from 6.42 to 17.37, P values below 0.05).@*Conclusions@#Scar excision combined with negative-pressure treatment has a good clinical effect on repair of hypertrophic scar in burn children, which is suitable for clinical application.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 32-37, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808042

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the coagulation function in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) patients using thromboelastography (TEG), and to comprehensively and dynamically evaluate patients’ bleeding and coagulation status.@*Methods@#The clinical data of ACLF patients were collected, and TEG was used to evaluate whole blood clotting kinetics in these patients. Routine biochemical parameters were measured, and complications were evaluated. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data, the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data, and the Pearson correlation coefficient was used for correlation analysis. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*Results@#A total of 60 patients (39 male and 21 female patients) were enrolled, with a mean age of 47.20±16.20 years. The TEG results showed that all patients had normal thrombokinetics, but TEG parameters were correlated with coagulation function, markers of systemic inflammatory response syndrome, laboratory markers, and prognosis. The patients with a higher R value had higher risks of infection (6.23±2.91 vs 4.74±1.12, P = 0.009), hepatorenal syndrome (5.64±2.54 vs 3.21±1.43 P < 0.01), and bleeding (6.71±3.51 vs 4.80±1.63, P = 0.01), and the patients with a lower K value (0.72±1.36 vs 1.64±1.43, P = 0.02), an increased α-angle (63.33°±10.02° vs 56.62°±12.13°, P = 0.03), and an increased MA (56.83±11.07 vs 50.40±10.81, P = 0.03) had increased risks of hepatic encephalopathy.@*Conclusion@#ACLF patients have low coagulation function, and TEG truly reflects the "rebalance" status of this low level. Abnormal TEG parameters suggest increased risk of complications in these patients, indicating a poor prognosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 695-698, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613254

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of a CT ribs unfolding algorithm in the diagnosis of rib fracture. Methods Retrospective analysis of 180 patients who suffered chest trauma to do the chest or/and abdominal CT examination, and they also had the surgical or CT referral information. The images of these patients were postprocessed by software(Bone Reading software)and hand-drawn method(multi-point hand-painted CPR method). The rib fracture was observed and the time of reading was record. The diagnosis of fractures was confirmed by follow-up review or surgery. The fractures diagnosis sensitivity of the two post-treatment methods were measured, and the McNemar test was used to compare the difference between the software method and the hand-drawn method. Results Eight patients were excluded due to program failure, 172 cases were included in the study. Of the 172 patients, 63 patients suffered 259 fractures(178 ribs). The sensitivity of the software group was 91.7%(475/518), which was higher than that of the hand-painted group(86.3%, 447/518), the difference was statistically significant(P=0.005). The time of reading were (30.3 ± 3.3)and(173.2 ± 4.5)s, respectively, and the difference had statistically significant(P=0.001). Conclusion Compared to the traditional CPR method, the bone reading technique was used in patients with rib fractures during thoracic CT postprocessing can shorten the reading time and increase the sensitivity of the diagnosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1447-1452, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660102

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explores the improvement in survival mechanism of a rat model of enterocoelia heterotopic heart transplant with rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells( BMSCs) IDO-overexpressing. Methods:IDO-overexpressing rat BMSCs were produced through transfection of rat BMSCs with IDO gene carried by the lentiviral vector GV308. A rat model of enterocoelia heterotopic heart transplantation was established. This rat model received a cell treatment via its tail veins, as follows: ①Echocardiography was employed to detect the functional changes in the transplanted heart.②The fluorescence intensity of the different parts of the transplanted heart was evaluated using a body imaging system for small living animals.③Receptors rat spleens cells were obtained and used for a flow cytometric detection of the expression levels of CD40,CD86,CD80,MHCⅡ,CD274,CD45RA,CD45RA+CD45RB,and Treg cells. ④A transplanted heart was obtained after injection to evaluate inflammatory cell infiltration through HE staining.⑤Liquid phase chips were used to detect changes in the serum factors IL-1ɑ,IL-4,IL-1β,IL-2,IL-10,IFN-γ,IL-18,TGFβ1, TGFβ2 and TGFβ3 in after injection cells. Results:①After the rat heterotopic heart transplantation model and the corresponding cell treatment were established,after over-expressed IDO-BMSCs treatment 2 days the EF and FS were higher in the transplanted heart than other groups.②The fluorescence intensity of the parts of the transplanted heart was highest in the IDO-BMSC overexpression group as revealed by small animal living body evaluation. ③Two days after the interventions, spleen cells in the over-expressed IDO-BMSCs group showed reduced expression levels of CD40,CD86,CD80,MHCⅡ,CD45RA,CD45RA+CD45RB and increased expression levels of CD274 and Treg cells as revealed by flow cytometry.④Liquid phase chips were used to examine the serum obtained from each group 2 days after the intervention,and the results showed that the expression levels of IL-1α,IL-4,IL-1β,IL-2,IFN-γand IL-18 in the IDO-BMSC overexpression group decrease. By contrast,the expression levels of IL-10,TGFβ1,TGFβ2 and TGFβ3 increase. HE staining results demonstrate that inflammatory cell infiltration was lower in IDO-BMSC overexpression group than in other groups. Conclusion:IDO-overexpressing BMSCs improve the survival of a transplanted heart through effective adjustment of immune DC and T cells,as well as cell factors.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659892

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of psychological intervention and midazolam in local anesthesia of ophthalmology. Methods Two groups of patients were according to the actual condition of the eye determines the choice of surgical treatment, control group received local anesthesia midazolam, research group was given midazolam provide psychological intervention before local anesthesia, recorded at different time points in two groups of patients in pain. Results The success rate of surgery in two eyes was 100.00%. The scores of NRS scale were significantly lower in the study group at the time of operation, at the end of the operation and at the postoperative 6h than in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Psychological intervention and midazolam combined with ophthalmic surgery can significantly improve the local anesthesia effect, and help to ensure the success rate and prognosis of patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659725

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid combined with drainage effectiveness and safety of clamping 6 hour program of perioperative blood loss of primary total knee replacement patients. Methods 76 cases of unilateral total knee replacement in our hospital for the study. In the control group, Sodium Chloride Solution was injected into the joint cavity to keep the drainage tube open. The experimental group underwent intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid combined with drainage clamping 6 hour treatment. The total blood loss and complications of the experimental group and the control group were compared and analyzed. Results There were no serious adverse reactions in the experimental group and the control group, the incidence rate was 5.26% and 7.89% respectively, and there was no significant difference (P<0.05). The total blood loss in the experimental group was (526.78 ± 229.09) mL, significantly less than that in the control group, and the total blood loss was (879.03 ± 246.80) mL, with statistical difference (P<0.05). The postoperative blood loss in the control group was (489.08 ± 267.80) mL, and the postoperative blood loss in the experimental group was (287.90 ± 245.78) mL, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). On the 7 day after operation, the patients in the experimental group and the control group received venous color Doppler ultrasonography, but no venous thrombosis was found. Conclusion The intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid combined with drainage clamping 6 hour scheme in reducing the initial application of patients with single knee arthroplasty, the clinical effect is ideal, can significantly reduce blood loss, high safety, has clinical significance.

20.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 2041-2044, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare ropivacaine ethosomal gel and study its transdermal permeation. METHODS: The ropivacaine ethosomes were prepared by ethanol injection method. The formulation and the preparation method of ethosomes were optimized by orthogonal experiment. The particle size, morphology and encapsulation efficiency were evaluated, and the carbomer was added as the base for the preparation of the ethosomal gel. The penetration experiments of ropivacaine ethosomal gel through mouse skin were performed by Franz's cell. The cumulative penetration amount was calculated. RESULTS: The obtained ethosomes were approximately spherical, the size were (127.6±4.8) nm. The entrapment efficiency of ropivacaine in ethosomes was (77.58±1.07)%. Accumulative permeation amount of ropivacaine ethosomal gel within 24 h was 73.07 μg·cm-2, which was about 1.56 times of normal gel. CONCLUSION: The gel is feasible in preparation technique, controllable in quality and can significantly promote transdermal penetration of ropivacaine.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL