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Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 228-232, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706657


Objective To investigate the influencing factors of cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients with hypertension.Methods From October 2015 to October 2016,one hundred and fifty-one elderly hypertensive patients treated in the Affiliated Hospital of North China University of Science and Technologywere selected as the observation group,and 151 healthy subjects in the same period were enrolled in the control group.The blood pressure measurement and cognitive function evaluation were given to analyze the influencing factors of elderly hypertensive patients with cognitive dysfunction.Results Diastolic pressure ((98.5 ±4.2) mmHg),systolic pressure ((157.6 ± 8.9) mmHg),pulse pressure ((59.1 ± 4.3) mmHg) and cognitive impairment rate(27.2%) in observation group were higher than those in the control group((82.7±3.6 mmHg,(122.4± 6.8) mmHg,(39.7 ± 2.5) mmHg,0.0%),the differences were statistically significant (t =4.951,5.868,8.128,P< 0.05).The language fluency ((2.5 ± 0.2) points),memory ability ((2.7 ± 0.4) points),visual spatial executive ability ((2.9±0.2) points),naming ability ((2.6±0.1 points),abstract generalization ability ((1.7±0.2) points),orientation ability ((5.0 ± 0.4) points),attention and calculation ability ((5.1 ±0.3) points),total score ((22.5±0.8) points)in observation group were lower than those in the control group ((2.8±0.1) points,(4.8 ± 0.2) points,(4.7 ± 0.3) points,(2.8 ± 0.2) points,(1.9 ± 0.1) points,(5.7 ±0.1) points,(5.7±0.2) points,(28.4±0.6) points) (t=4.202,10.778,9.206,3.769,4.173,4.405,4.278,5.727,P<0.05).Diastolic pressure ((103.7 ± 2.5)mmHg),systolic pressure ((164.8 ±4.1) mmHg),pulse pressure((64.5± 1.6) mmHg)in patients with cognitive dysfunction were higher than those in patients without cognitive dysfunction ((92.6±2.8) mmHg,(145.7±3.9) mmHg,(46.3± 1.5) mmHg) (t =4.195,4.310,6.913,P<0.05).Age distribution (≤65 years old in 9 cases,>65 years old in 32 cases),BMI index distribution (≤24 kg/m2 in 11 cases,>24 kg/m2 in 30 cases) in patients without cognitive dysfunction were better than those in patients with cognitive dysfunction ((≤ 65 yeas old in 64 cases,> 65 years old in 46 cases),(≤ 24 kg/m2 in 68 cases,> 24 kg/m2 in 42 cases)).The differences were statistically significant (x2 =15.700,14.657,P < 0.05).Multiple linear regression analysis showed that cognitive function in elderly hypertensive patients was related to age,BMI index,diastolic blood pressure and pulse pressure (OR (95%CI):4.265 (2.038 ~ 8.927),3.991 (1.956~8.142),3.294 (1.532 ~ 7.084),3.521 (1.640 ~ 7.561),5 (2.375 ~10.528);P=0.000).Condusion Age,BMI index,diastolic blood pressure,systolic blood pressure,pulse pressure are influencing factors in elderly hypertension patients with cognitive dysfunction.

Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 393-396, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613827


Objective To investigate the relationship between mild cognitive impairment and quality of life in hemodialysis patients with diabetic nephropathy.Methods One hundred and twenty-five hemodialysis patients with diabetic nephropathy were selected in Affiliated Hospital of North China University of Science and Technology from December 2014 to December 2016,and were divided into two groups according to mild cognitive impairment,including 73 patients without mild cognitive impairment as control group,and 52 patients with mild cognitive impairment as observation group.Patients received Montreal cognitive assessment scale and kidney disease quality of life scale.Patients received clinical index detection.Results Montreal cognitive assessment scale(visual space and execution(3.0±0.7) points,naming(2.4±0.3) points,attention(4.3±0.7) points,language(2.1±0.4) points,abstraction(1.1±0.2) points,delayed recall(1.6±0.3) points,orientation(5.4±0.5) points) score,kidney disease quality of life scale(physical(70.3±3.5) points,physical constraints due to work and life(14.6±2.8) points,pain(56.4±7.1) points,general health(36.2±3.4) points,emotional status(51.3±2.6) points,social function(52.7±3.4) points,mental status(43.2±3.6) points,emotional constraints due to work and life(41.3±2.8) points,symptoms(73.6±2.1) points,work status(20.3±1.6) points,cognitive function(72.7±1.8) points,nephropathy effect(49.1±3.2) points,sexual function(53.2±4.0) points,burden of nephropathy(21.3±2.6) points,sleep quality(70.1±1.5) points,social quality(43.3±1.9) points,social support(71.2±2.3) points) score in observation group were lower than control group((4.4±0.8) points,(3.0±0.0) points,(5.4±0.5) points,(2.7±0.3) points,(1.8±0.4) points,(3.4±0.6) points,(6.0±0.0) points),((78.6±4.1) points,(25.7±3.6) points,(69.8±4.2) points,(41.0±2.7) points,(58.5±3.0) points,(61.2±3.8) points,(53.4±2.8) points,(46.5±2.4) points,(82.9±3.2) points,(24.2±2.7) points,(81.6±2.3) points,(65.3±4.0) points,(62.8±3.9) points,(35.7±2.8) points,(79.3±2.0) points,(59.7±2.4) points,(82.4±2.6) points)(t=7.667,5.502,5.558,5.857,9.364,14.250,4.112,4.038,10.603,5.321,4.326,4.403,4.613,5.361,4.262,4.315,4.923,4.224,6.265,4.804,6.712,4.316,6.787,4.573,all P<0.05).Conclusion Hemodialysis patients with diabetic nephropathy has mild cognitive impairment,while quality of life is low.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503200


Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of the combination of modification ofChaihu Jia Longgu MuliDecoction with psychological intervention in the treatment of post tumor depression.MethodsTotally 122 cases of post tumor depression were divided into treatment group and control group by simple numeration table random method, with 61 cases in each group. The treatment group was given modification ofChaihu Jia Longgu Muli Decoction orally, at the same time psychological intervention was given. The control group was given escitalopram oxalate tablets for 6 weeks. HAMD scale scores of the two groups were observed before and after treatment to evaluate the clinical efficacy. Changes in life quality of two groups were scored with SF-36 scale. The adverse reactions were also observed.ResultsAfter treatment, the HAMD score of treatment group was lower than control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 88.52% (54/61) in the treatment group and 72.13% (44/61) in the control group, with statistical significance (P<0.05). The scores of life quality of treatment group were higher than control group (P<0.05), and the incidence of adverse reactions was lower than control group (P<0.05).Conclusion Combination of modification ofChaihu Jia Longgu MuliDecoction with psychological intervention in the treatment of post tumor depression can significantly improve the depressive state and life quality of the patients with post tumor depression, which is better than the control group, without significant adverse reactions.

Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 329-331, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445173


Objective To analyze the relationships and differences of the clin(HFMD) ical signs and the possibility of children with herpangina developing into HFMD by observing the clinical signs.Methods Eighty children diagnosed herpangina clinically firstly were divided into Group A,B and C.Group A included 42 cases with only herpangina,and Group B including 28 cases who were herpangina developing into mild HFMD and Group C including 10 cases with serve HFMD.The clinical signs of the three groups,including blood routine test and lymphocyte count,neutrophil count,and monitor the degree of fever,blood pressure,heart rate,respiratory and digestive system,nervous system symptoms were recorded.Results In Group A,B and C,white blood cell number,lymphocyte number,neutrophil number were no significant difference(P > 0.05).However,fever degree,thermal history,heart rate,respiratory rate,systolic pressure,diastolic pressure were significant differences (F =5.03,3.62,4.83,3.65,6.72,3.74 ; P < 0.05).Meanwhile The sigh of loss of appetite,vomiting,diarrhea,gastrointestinal symptoms and easily frightened,limb jitter,sleepiness were statistically significant(x2 =6.10,5.75,4.86,3.58,3.42,4.35;P <0.05).Conclusion The herpangina children with symptoms and signs such as higher fever and higher blood pressure,simultaneously with diarrhea,vomiting,hyperarousal and amyostasia,have the more chance to develop HFMD.