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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876710

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the dynamic expression of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and its ligand PD-L1 at the maternal-fetal interface of mice post-infection with Toxoplasma gondii at early pregnancy and examine its interaction with interferon-γ (IFN-γ). Methods A total of 20 mice at day 0 of pregnancy were randomly assigned into 4 groups, including the 12-day pregnancy control group (12 dpn group), 12-day pregnancy and infection group (12 dpi group), 18-day pregnancy control group (18 dpn group) and 18-day pregnancy and infection group (18 dpi group), respectively. On the 6th day of the pregnancy, mice in the 12 dpi and 18 dpi groups were injected intraperitoneally with 150 tachyzoites of the T. gondii PRU strain, while mice in the 12 dpn and 18 dpn groups were injected with the same volume of PBS. All mice in the four groups were sacrificed on 12th and 18th day of the pregnancy, and the number of placenta and fetus was counted and the weight of placenta and fetus was measured. Then, the placental and uterine tissues of the pregnant mice in each group were sampled for pathological examinations. The mRNA expression of PD-1, PD-L1, T. gondii surface antigen SAG-1 and IFN-γ genes was quantified using a quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay, and the correlation between PD-1 and IFN-γ expression was examined. In addition, the 12 dpn group, 12 dpi group, 18 dpn group, 18 dpi group, PBS negative control of the 12 pdi group and PBS negative control of the 18 dpi group were assigned, and the PD-1 expression was determined in the uterine and placenta tissues of the pregnant mice. Results Adverse pregnant outcomes were seen in mice in the 12 dpi and 18 dpi groups, including placental dysplasia and fetal maldevelopment, and the placental weights and fetal body weights were significantly lower in mice in the 12 dpi and 18 dpi groups than those in the 12 dpn and 18 dpn groups (t = 5.52, 11.44, 12.63 and 11.67, all P < 0.01). The histopathological examinations showed that the decidua and junctional regions of the placental tissues were loosely connected in the 12 dpi and 18 dpi groups, and a large number of inflammatory cells infiltration and congestion were seen in the placental and uterine tissues. qPCR assay detected significant differences in PD-1, PD-L1, IFN-γ and SAG-1 expression in the placental and uterine tissues among the 12 dpn, 12 dpi, 18 dpn and 18 dpi groups (F = 22.48, 51.23, 9.61, 47.49, 16.08, 21.52, 28.66 and 238.90, all P < 0.05), and the PD-1, PD - L1, IFN - γ and SAG - 1 expression was all significantly higher in the placental and uterine tissues of mice in the 12 dpi group than in the 12 dpn group (all P values < 0.05). The PD-1 and PD-L1 expression was significantly lower in the placental tissues of mice in the 18 dpi group than in the 18 dpn group (all P values < 0.05), and the IFN-γ and SAG-1 expression was significantly higher in the placental and uterine tissues of mice in the 18 dpi group than in the 18 dpn group (all P values < 0.05), while the PD-1 and PD-L1 expression was significantly lower in the placental and uterine tissues of mice in the 18 dpi group than in the 12 dpi group (all P values < 0.05). Immunohistochemical staining showed PD-1 expression in the inflammatory cells of the placental tissues of mice in the 12 dpi group, and no apparent PD-1 expression in the 18 dpi group, while strongly positive PD-1 expression was found in the uterine epithelium of mice in the 12 dpi group, and mildly strong expression was in the 18 dpi group. In addition, the IFN-γ mRNA expression was positively correlated with the PD-1 mRNA expression in placental (rs = 0.99, P < 0.01) and uterine tissues of mice in the 12 dpi group (rs = 0.97, P < 0.01) and in placental (rs = 0.82, P < 0.01) and uterine tissues of mice in the 18 dpi group (rs = 0.81, P < 0.01). Conclusions Following T. gondii infection at early pregnancy, the PD-1 and PD-L1 expression shows a remarkable rise at middle pregnancy and a reduction at late pregnancy in placental and uterine tissues of mice, which appears the same tendency with IFN-γ expression during the same time period, and PD-1 expression positively correlates with IFN-γ expression. The dynamic expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 on the maternal-fetal interface of mice may be mutually mediated by IFN-γ induced by T. gondii infection.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 511-519, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873784

ABSTRACT

Osteoprotegerin (OPG), secreted by osteoblasts, is a marker of bone turnover. OPG can inhibit osteoclastic differentiation by binding receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL). In this study, we found that rutaecarpine (RUT) had the up-regulating OPG activity, and it could significantly increase OPG protein levels in both mouse embryonic osteogenic precursor MC3T3-E1 and human osteosarcoma U-2OS cells. Osteoblastogenic differentiation calcified nodules staining results showed that RUT significantly promoted the osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells. Osteoclastic differentiation tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining results showed that RUT obviously inhibited the osteoclast differentiation of mouse macrophages RAW264.7 induced by RANKL. In vivo studies showed that low-dose RUT group (5 mg·kg-1·day-1) and high-dose RUT group (45 mg·kg-1·day-1) treatments for 3 months significantly increased bone density in ovariectomized (OVX) rats; calcein double labeling experiment and toluidine blue staining results indicated that low-dose RUT group promoted bone formation and decreased bone loss in vivo; immunohistochemistry results showed that low-dose RUT group increased the expression of OPG in rat femur. All animal procedures were performed in accordance with the regulations of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. In summary, this study demonstrated that RUT could up-regulate OPG expression and had promoting osteoblastic differentiation and inhibiting osteoclastic differentiation effects in vitro and in vivo.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 593-603, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873771

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic effect of tumor photodynamic therapy is severely limited by the hypoxic tumor microenvironment. Inhibiting tumor celloxygen consumption is a more effective way than increasing its oxygen supply to overcome the tumor hypoxia and enhance photodynamic therapy. To carry out this strategy, the supramolecular nanoparticles VER-ATO-SMN loaded with photosensitizer verteporfin (VER), oxygen-consuming inhibitor atovaquone (ATO), and stabilizer polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-K30 were prepared by the nanoprecipitation method, and the optimal prescription was screened and optimized by single factor experiments. The results showed that the optimal prescription for VER-ATO-SMN was ATO∶VER (w/w) = 1∶1, PVP-K30 = 100 mg, N,N-dimethylformamide∶water (v/v) = 1∶10. The morphology, particle size, particle dispersion index and encapsulation efficiency of supramolecular nanoparticles were characterized. The VER-ATO-SMN showed a spherical morphology and was well dispersed. The hydrodynamic size of VER-ATO-SMN was 101.21 ± 4.30 nm as determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS). The encapsulation efficiencies of VER and ATO in VER-ATO-SMN prepared with the optimal prescription were 70.86% and 77.52%, respectively. The VER-ATO-SMN exhibited good laser stability and also showed high stability in conditions which simulated the physiological solution. Compared with free VER and VER liposome, VER-ATO-SMN performed enhanced therapeutic effect at the cell level. The mechanism was that VER-ATO-SMN could effectively incorporate into cells and improving the intracellular oxygen concentration by reducing the oxygen consumption of tumor cells could increase the amount of reactive oxygen species generated by VER mediated photodynamic therapy. The in vivo anticancer efficacy results of tumor-bearing mice suggested that VER-ATO-SMN could effectively inhibit the tumor growth or even completely eliminate the tumor. All animal experiments were performed in line with national regulations and approved by the Animal Experiments Ethical Committee of 900 Hospital of the Joint Logistics Team.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873744

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of the intestinal barrier damage caused by Blastocystis hominis infections in rats. Methods Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into the control group, and the 1-, 3-, 6- and 9-week-infection groups, of 6 rats in each group. Rats in each infection group were orally infected with B. hominis trophozoites at a density of 2 × 108 parasites per rat, and the control group was given an equal volume of phosphate buffered saline solution. The 7-hour urine samples were collected 1, 3, 6 and 9 weeks post-infection for the measurement of the intestinal permeability. Then, rats were sacrificed using the cervical dislocation method, and the cecum specimens were collected for the detection of the intestinal epithelial cell permeability. The expression of tight junction-related Occludin and Claudin - 1 genes and apoptosis-related Bcl - 2 and Bax genes was quantified in cecum epithelial cells using the real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay, and cell apoptosis was detected in the rat cecum using the TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Results The median urinary lactolose to mannitol ratios were 0.29, 0.72, 0.44, 0.46 and 0.38 in the control group, and the 1-, 3-, 6- and 9-week-infection groups, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (H = 12.09, P < 0.05). B. hominis invasion and epithelial injury were observed in intestinal epithelial cells of rats infected with B. hominis, and transmission electron microscopy displayed the destruction of tight junctions between intestinal epithelial cells. The relative expression of Occludin, Claudin-1, Bcl-2 and Bax genes was 1.04, 0.62, 0.71, 0.68 and 0.96; 1.03, 0.61, 0.63, 0.76 and 0.86; 1.08, 0.70, 0.75, 0.74 and 1.03; and 1.00, 1.57, 1.33, 1.35 and 1.10 in the control group and the 1-, 3-, 6- and 9-week-infection groups, respectively, and all differences were statistically significant (F = 2.86, 2.85, 3.37 and 4.45, all P values < 0.05). The median number of positive staining cells were 1.00, 13.00, 9.00, 3.50 and 1.00 in rat cecum specimens in the control group, and the 1-, 3-, 6- and 9-week-infection groups, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (H = 22.95, P < 0.01). Conclusion B. hominis infection may cause an increase in the rat intestinal permeability through triggering the apoptosis of intestinal epithelial cells to destroy the tight junction between intestinal epithelial cells, thereby destroying the intestinal barrier function.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873560

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of the two-child policy on the fertility level of residents in Yangpu District. Methods Birth registry data were collected from the residents of Yangpu District in Shanghai during January 2015 to December 2018 for the analysis of birth characteristics and its variation after the two-child policy implementation. Results The total fertility rate was higher than 1 only in 2016 that was 1.04, whereas it was about 0.8 in other three years. The number of the second child increased which was inspired by the policy. However, the increment in the number of second child was far less than the decrease in the first child. From 2015 through 2018, the proportion of second children in the total births with local household registration accounted for 18.84%, 20.03%, 26.29% and 24.35%, respectively. From January 2015 to August 2016, the proportion of second children was on the rise slowly, in which the annual percent change(APC)value was 0.34%(P > 0.05). From September 2016 to May 2017, the proportion of second children had shown an obvious increase, and the APC value was 3.97%(P < 0.05). From June 2017 to December 2018, the proportion of second children was on a downward trend, in which the APC value was -0.97%(P < 0.05). Conclusion Favorable fertility policy may not reverse the fertility level in Yangpu District, which remains at a very low level.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 306-313, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872611

ABSTRACT

To improve the efficacy of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT), a fluorocarbon microemulsion-based gel (FMBG) loaded with both 5-ALA and carbon dioxide (CO2) was prepared in this study. Its physical and chemical properties such as particle size, zeta potential, morphology, pH value and viscosity were characterized. Acid-base titration experiment was used to determine the CO2 loading, a fluorescence derivatization method was established to determine the content of 5-ALA, and the confocal laser scanning microscope and Franz diffusion cell method were carried out to investigate its transdermal ability. Through the laser speckle contrast imaging, the CO2-affected blood flow perfusion of skin was measured. Finally, the skin irritation test was tested by hematoxylin-eosin staining (H&E) method. These results showed that the prepared FMBG was a milky white gel, with an average particle size of 202.4 nm, a zeta potential of -25.3 mV, a pH of 6.0, and a viscosity of 1 062.0 mPa·s. It can be stored stably for seven days at room temperature. The 5-ALA content of FMBG was measured to be approximately equal to 20% (w/w). At room temperature and normal pressure, the CO2 loading content of FMBG was 5.016 mg·L-1, which was 1.5 times as much as that of water. The transdermal absorption experiment and blood perfusion results showed that the FMBG can effectively enable the transdermal delivery of 5-ALA and CO2, and significantly increased the blood perfusion of skin. H&E staining results indicated that FMBG had negligible skin irritation (all animal tests were approved by the Ethics Committee of 900 Hospital of the Joint Logistics Team). In this study, a safe and stable FMBG loaded with both 5-ALA and CO2 was successfully prepared. It was suitable for transdermal application, having the potential of enhancing the efficacy of 5-ALA-mediated PDT.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880152

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and compare the clinical baseline characteristics of patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), primary light chain amyloidosis (pAL), multiple myeloma (MM), or MM with concurrent amyloidosis, especially the differences in cytogenetic abnormalities.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 cases of MGUS, 34 cases of pAL, 842 cases of MM and 23 cases of MM with concurrent amyloidosis were analyzed and compared retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#Cytogenetic statistics showed that the incidence of t (11; 14) in the four groups (MGUS vs pAL vs MM vs MM with concurrent amyloidosis) was 0%, 33.3%, 16.4%, and 15.8%, respectively (P=0.037); that of 13q deletion was 20.0%, 14.7%, 45.8% and 56.5%, respectively (P<0.001); gain of 1q21 was 50.0%, 12.5%, 47.4% and 40.9%, respectively (P=0.001). Proportion of pAL patients with 0, 1 and≥2 cytogenetic abnormalities (including 13q deletion, 17p deletion, 1q21 amplification and IgH translocation) accounted for 41.9%, 41.9% and 16.1%, respectively; while the proportion of the same category in MM was 17.6%, 27.3%, and 55.2% respectively; this ratio of MM with concurrent amyloidosis was more similar to MM. Subgroup analysis showed that genetic abnormalities (including 13q deletion, 17p deletion and 1q21 amplification) were comparable within t (11; 14) negative and positive groups. Compared with positive cases, t(11; 14) negative patients with MM or MGUS were more likely to have 13q deletions and multiple genetic abnormalities.@*CONCLUSION@#Clinical characteristics of pAL, especially cytogenetic abnormalities, are significantly different from MM with concurrent amyloidosis. It suggests that although the onset characteristics are similar, actually the two diseases belong to different disease subtypes which should be carefully predicted and identified.


Subject(s)
Amyloidosis , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance/complications , Multiple Myeloma , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 404-417, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878571

ABSTRACT

Curcuminoids are rare diketone compounds in plants and can be found in the rhizome of Curcuma longa as well as other Zingiberaceae and Araceae. Curcuminoids have been widely used in food and medical area owing to the yellow colors, as well as the antioxidant and many other pharmacological activities. Curcuminoids are a mixture of compounds containing curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin, which have distinct benzene ring substituents. Currently, curcuminoids are exclusively produced through plant extraction, which do not satisfy the meeting of the market demand. Empowered with new synthetic biology tools and metabolic engineering strategies, there is renewed interest in production of curcuminoids using microorganisms. Heterologous production of curcuminoids has been achieved using Escherichia coli, Yarrowia lipolytica, Pseudomonas putida and Aspergillus oryzae via engineering of curcuminoids biosynthesis pathway. In this review, we first describe the biological activities and various applications of curcuminoids. Next, we summarize the biosynthetic pathway of curcuminoids in Curcuma longa and discuss the catalytic mechanisms of curcumin synthases. Then, we thoroughly explore recent advances in the use of distinct microorganisms for the production of curcuminoids with a special focus on metabolic engineering strategies. Finally, we prospect the microbial production of curcuminoids by highlighting some promising techniques and approaches.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Biosynthetic Pathways/genetics , Curcumin , Diarylheptanoids , Metabolic Engineering , Plant Extracts
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Plantaginis semen on the expressions of AQP4 gene and protein in small intestine of diarrhea rats. Methods:Sixty Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model control group, hydrochlorothiazide group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose Plantaginis semen groups. Intragastric administration of Senna (20 ml/kg) was implemented in the morning for 5 groups except the normal group. The rats in the low-, medium-, and high-dose Plantaginis semen groups were intragastrically administered with 0.95, 1.9, 3.8 g/kg Plantaginis semen formula granule solution, while the rats in hydrochlorothiazide group were given hydrochlorothiazide suspension 9 mg/kg by gavage according to 1 ml/100 g body weight for 14 days. The loose stool rate, average ranking of loose stool, and diarrhea index were compared according to the fecal traits and stool times after 14 days of treatment, and the small intesine tissue were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the pathological morphological changes in small intestine, and Quantiative Real-time PCR and Western blot were applied to detect the gene and protein expressions of AQP4. Results:Compared with the model group, the loose stool rate (50.89% ± 6.17%, 41.14% ± 4.48%, 36.37% ± 4.81 % vs. 67.45% ± 7.35%), the average ranking of loose stool (2.16 ± 0.34, 1.73 ± 0.28, 1.52 ± 0.25 vs. 2.63 ± 0.29), and the diarrhea index (1.10 ± 0.19, 0.71 ± 0.11, 0.57 ± 0.12 vs. 1.77 ± 0.24) of rats in each group of Plantaginis semen significantly decreased ( P<0.05); the degree of intestinal mucosal injury, hyperemia and neutrophil infiltration were alleviated; the expressions of AQP4 mRNA (0.48 ± 0.10, 0.69 ± 0.12, 0.97 ± 0.15 vs. 0.21 ± 0.03), and the protein of AQP4 (0.59 ± 0.08, 0.64 ± 0.09, 0.78 ± 0.11 vs. 0.32 ± 0.05) in the small intestine tissue of Plantaginis semen groups significantly increased ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Plantaginis semen has antidiarrheal effect, and its mechanism is related to up-regulation the gene and protein expressions of AQP4, addition of water absorption and promotion of water and fluid metabolism.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876334

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between central obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors and aggregation in Yangpu District, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control measures and strategies for cardiovascular disease. Methods In the community, residents aged 35 to 75 were investigated by questionnaire, physical examination and blood biochemical test, and a total of 11 321 residents with complete data were analyzed. Results The prevalence of central obesity among adults in Yangpu was 60.50%(standardized rate was 56.09%).The level of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein were significantly different in different waist circumference groups(all P < 0.01).With the increase of waist circumference, the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular risk factors clustering was increased (all P < 0.01).Multivariable logistic regression results showed that the risk of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and cardiovascular risk factors clustering was 1.78 (OR=1.78, 95%CI:1.63-1.94) and 3.36 (OR=3.36, 95%CI:3.00-3.75);1.67 (OR=1.67, 95%CI:1.49-1.88) and 2.67 (OR=2.67, 95%CI:2.34-3.03);1.68 (OR=1.68, 95%CI:1.54-1.82) and 2.20 (OR=2.20, 95%CI:1.97-2.44);2.05 (OR=2.04, 95%CI:1.86-2.24) and 3.62 times (OR=3.62 95%CI:3.23-4.04) fold higher in residents with mild and severe central obesity than those without central obesity. Conclusion The prevalence of central obesity among residents in Yangpu District of Shanghai is high, and the extent of central obesity is related to cardiovascular diseases risk factors and their aggregation.Therefore, timely intervention measures should be taken to control obesity.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876317

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between central obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors and aggregation in Yangpu District, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control measures and strategies for cardiovascular disease. Methods In the community, residents aged 35 to 75 were investigated by questionnaire, physical examination and blood biochemical test, and a total of 11 321 residents with complete data were analyzed. Results The prevalence of central obesity among adults in Yangpu was 60.50%(standardized rate was 56.09%).The level of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein were significantly different in different waist circumference groups(all P < 0.01).With the increase of waist circumference, the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular risk factors clustering was increased (all P < 0.01).Multivariable logistic regression results showed that the risk of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and cardiovascular risk factors clustering was 1.78 (OR=1.78, 95%CI:1.63-1.94) and 3.36 (OR=3.36, 95%CI:3.00-3.75);1.67 (OR=1.67, 95%CI:1.49-1.88) and 2.67 (OR=2.67, 95%CI:2.34-3.03);1.68 (OR=1.68, 95%CI:1.54-1.82) and 2.20 (OR=2.20, 95%CI:1.97-2.44);2.05 (OR=2.04, 95%CI:1.86-2.24) and 3.62 times (OR=3.62 95%CI:3.23-4.04) fold higher in residents with mild and severe central obesity than those without central obesity. Conclusion The prevalence of central obesity among residents in Yangpu District of Shanghai is high, and the extent of central obesity is related to cardiovascular diseases risk factors and their aggregation.Therefore, timely intervention measures should be taken to control obesity.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872824

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe Plantaginis Semen's mechanism in treating diarrhea by observing the effect on inflammatory factors in serum and mRNA and protein expressions of aquaporin4 (AQP4) in colon tissue of diarrhea rats. Method:Senne Folium was orally administered to duplicate diarrhea rats. Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, hydrochlorothiazide group (9 mg·kg-1), and low, middle, and high-dose Plantaginis Semen groups (0.95, 1.9, 3.8 g·kg-1). Senne Folium (20 mL·kg-1) was intragastrically administered in 5 groups in the morning, except for normal group that was orally given the same dose of distilled water. In the afternoon, each treatment group was orally given the corresponding drugs, while normal group and model group were orally given the same dose of distilled water. The loose stool rate, average degree of loose stool, and diarrhea index were compared according to fecal traits and stool times after 14 days of treatment. The serum and colon tissue were collected to detect the contents of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in serum. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological morphological changes of colon tissue, and quantiative Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of AQP4 in colon tissue. Result:In the model group, the loose stool rate, average degree of loose stool, and diarrhea index were significantly increased (P<0.01), apoptosis and necrosis were observed in the epidermal cells of colonic mucosa, telangiectasia and congestion in lamina propria were obvious, and a few neutrophils were infiltrated, and the contents of TNF-α, IL-6 and CRP in serum increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the mRNA and protein expressions of AQP4 significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the loose stool rate, average degree of loose stool, and diarrhea index were significantly decreased in low, middle, and high-dose Plantaginis Semen groups (P<0.01), the apoptosis and necrosis of epidermal cells, telangiectasia and hyperemia and neutrophil infiltration in colonic mucosa were obviously improved, and the contents of TNF-α and CRP in serum significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the mRNA and protein expressions of AQP4 increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion:Plantaginis Semen has a better antidiarrheal effect, and its mechanism may be related to inhibition of inflammatory reaction, repair of pathological damage of colonic mucosa, up-regulation of AQP4 expression and promotion of water and fluid metabolism.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870055

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the serum level of 25-hydroxy vitamin D[25(OH)D] in hospitalized type 2 diabetes men and determine the association between 25(OH)D and sex hormones.Methods:We performed a study among 371 male adults with type 2 diabetes in hospital. The fasting blood was collected for the measurements of 25(OH)D, glucose and lipid metabolism indexes, bone metabolism indexes and sex hormones. Patients were divided into four groups according to the quartiles of 25(OH)D. The differences of glycolipid metabolism and sex hormone indexes between groups were compared. Multivariate linear regression method was used to analyze the correlations between 25(OH)D, glucose and sex hormones.Results:Patients with vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency accounted for 96.5% of the hospitalized type 2 diabetes men. Patients with higher 25(OH)D were with higher HDL-C and lower BMI, HOMA-IR, and TG ( P<0.05). In the linear regression model, 25(OH)D had a significant correlation with TT ( β=0.116, P=0.006), and 25(OH)D had no statistically significant association with TT( β=0.061, P=0.053) after adjusting for BMI. Conclusion:In hospitalized male patients with type 2 diabetes, vitamin D is generally deficient or insufficient, and there is a positive linear correlation between 25(OH)D and testosterone, however, it is affected by BMI.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 627-629, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867282

ABSTRACT

The liver is one of the most easily metastasized target organs of many malignant tumors and the proportion of metastatic tumors is higher than that of intrahepatic primary tumors. The existence of liver metastases is an important factor in the treatment of malignant tumors. Therefore, the detection and characterization of liver metastases are particularly important. The main imaging methods for hepatic metastases include ultrasound (US), computed tomography(CT), magnetic resonance imaging(MRI), positron emission computed tomography (PET/CT) and PET/MRI. In this paper, the advantages and limitations of the above imaging methods in the diagnosis of liver metastasis are analyzed, and the application progress of various imaging methods is emphasized.

15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 1087-1094, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880227

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The most common pathological type of lung cancer is non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The incidence of brain metastases caused by NSCLC has been on the rise. Brain metastasis seriously affects the patient's cognitive function, survival time and quality of life, and the prognosis is extremely poor. The natural course of the disease is about 1 mon-3 mon. After treatment, the median survival time is only 3 mon-6 mon, the one year survival rate is 14%, and the two years survival rate is only 7.6%. The location, number, and size of brain metastases are related to their symptoms and survival. Patients with central nervous system symptoms have a worse prognosis. The goal of brain metastasis treatment is to optimize overall survival and quality of life, and to prioritize the preservation of neurocognitive functions. At present, the main treatments for brain metastases in NSCLC include radiotherapy, surgery, chemotherapy, molecular targeting, and immunotherapy. Clinically, it is necessary to conduct a multidisciplinary assessment of the best treatment methods for patients according to the heterogeneity of patients (clinical characteristics, pathological types, tissue types, etc). This article aims to review the research progress of current treatment methods.
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16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879924

ABSTRACT

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an important role in diabetic vascular complications. A large number of studies have revealed that some clinical antihyperglycemics can improve the complications of diabetes by regulating the function of EPCs. Metformin can improve EPCs function in diabetic patients by regulating oxidative stress level or downstream signaling pathway of adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase; Pioglitazone can delay the aging of EPCs by regulating telomerase activity; acarbose, sitagliptin and insulin can promote the proliferation, migration and adhesion of EPCs. In addition to lowering blood glucose, the effects of antihyperglycemics on EPCs may also be one of the mechanisms to improve the complications of diabetes. This article reviews the research progress on the regulation of EPC proliferation and function by antihyperglycemics.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Progenitor Cells/drug effects , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Signal Transduction/drug effects
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture combined with conventional symptomatic and supportive treatments on swallowing function and nutritional status in children with severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 children with severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 34 cases in each one. Symptomatic and supportive treatments such as lowering temperature, tranquilizing and mechanical ventilation were adopted in the control group. On the basis of the treatments in the control group, acupuncture was applied at Lianquan (CV 23), Jialianquan (Extra), cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2), Fengfu (GV 16), Fengchi (GB 20), Yamen (GV 15), scalp motor and sensory areas in the observation group, once a day, 6 times a week, one month as a course and totally 3 courses were required. Time spent on restoring swallowing function was observed in both groups. Besides, score of dysphagia disorder survey (DDS) and nutritional status were evaluated before and after treatment, and the clinical effects were compared.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 91.2% (31/34) in the observation group, which was superior to 73.5% (25/34) in the control group (<0.05). The time of restoring swallowing function in the observation group was advanced than the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the DDS scores after treatment were decreased in both groups, and the reduction in the observation group was larger than the control group (all <0.05). After the treatment, the normal rate of nutritional status was 61.8% (21/34) in the observation group, which was superior to 32.4% (11/34) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional treatment, acupuncture can effectively treat the severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia, improve the swallowing function and nutritional status.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Child , Deglutition Disorders , Therapeutics , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Therapeutics , Humans , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878382

ABSTRACT

Large general hospitals currently play an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and treatment for acute critical patients and difficult diseases because of the development of dual referral system and hierarchical diagnosis, as well as the formation of medical treatment alliance. Patients with oral cancers are often associated with systemic diseases, which increases the complexity of the condition. Thus, meeting the demand through the traditional single medical model is difficult. As such, a multidisciplinary team (MDT) model has been proposed and has achieved a good clinical effect. To standardize the application of this model, we organized an event in which relevant experts discussed and formulated a consensus to provide standardized suggestions on the MDT process and the diagnosis and treatment of common systemic diseases as reference for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Patient Care Team , Referral and Consultation
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763725

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the social outcomes of the Environmental Health Studies of National Industrial Complex (EHSNIC), which have been conducted by the National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER) in eight National Industrial Complex Areas (NICAs) since 2003. Eighteen sessions of focus-group interviews with 85 people were conducted from October 2016 to January 2017. Interviewees were stakeholders from eight NICAs and included resident representatives, environmental nongovernment organizations, local government officials, and environmental health and safety officers from companies. Interview results were divided into six categories: EHSNIC awareness, EHSNIC outcomes, EHSNIC limitations, EHSNIC continuation, EHSNIC improvement directions, and EHSNIC results use. They were then further indexed into 23 divisions. EHSNIC awareness varied across stakeholders. A major EHSNIC outcome is that a continued result database was established, which was used as a reference for environmental improvements. EHSNIC limitations included no proper healthcare actions taken during the EHSNIC study period, a lack of EHSNIC results disclosure, a failure to reflect local specificity, and a lack of validity in the results. Regarding EHSNIC continuation, all stakeholders said EHSNIC should be conducted continuously. EHSNIC improvement directions included conducting studies tailored to each NICA, identifying correlations between pollutant exposure and disease, increasing the sample size, and performing repeated studies. Regarding EHSNIC results use, respondents wanted to use the results as a reference to relocate residents, ensure distance between NICAs and residential areas, provide healthcare support, develop local government policies, and implement firms’ environmental controls. Since EHSNIC aims to identify the health effects of NICAs on residents and take appropriate actions, it should be continued in the future. Even during the study period, it is important to take steps to preventively protect residents’ health. EHSNIC also needs to reflect each NICA’s characteristics and conduct reliable research based on stakeholder participation and communication.


Subject(s)
Delivery of Health Care , Disclosure , Environmental Health , Local Government , Qualitative Research , Sample Size , Sensitivity and Specificity , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 689-697, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777142

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of ferroptosis in acute lung injury (ALI) mouse model induced by oleic acid (OA). ALI was induced in the mice via the lateral tail vein injection of pure OA. The histopathological score of lung, lung wet-dry weight ratio and the protein content of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were used as the evaluation indexes of ALI. Iron concentration, glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in the lung tissues were measured using corresponding assay kits. The ultrastructure of pulmonary cells was observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM), and the expression level of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) mRNA was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR). Protein expression levels of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), ferritin and transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) in lung tissues were determined by Western blot. The results showed that histopathological scores of lung tissues, lung wet-dry weight ratio and protein in BALF in the OA group were higher than those of the control group. In the OA group, the mitochondria of pulmonary cells were shrunken, and the mitochondrial membrane was ruptured. The expression level of PTGS2 mRNA in the OA group was seven folds over that in the control group. Iron overload, GSH depletion and accumulation of MDA were observed in the OA group. Compared with the control group, the protein expression levels of GPX4 and ferritin in lung tissue were down-regulated in the OA group. These results suggest that ferroptosis plays a potential role in the pathogenesis of ALI in our mouse model, which may provide new insights for development of new drugs for ALI.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Pathology , Animals , Apoptosis , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chemistry , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Metabolism , Ferritins , Metabolism , Glutathione , Glutathione Peroxidase , Metabolism , Iron , Iron Overload , Lung , Cell Biology , Pathology , Malondialdehyde , Mice , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Mitochondrial Membranes , Oleic Acid
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