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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912814

ABSTRACT

As the main body of providing medical and health services, public hospitals always bear the important responsibility of maintaining people′s life and health.In the period of normal epidemic prevention and control, public hospitals are also facing a series of new situations, including changes in social environment, demands for reform and development and transformation of target functions. It is urgent to solve many problems, such as inadequate capacity building, continuous heavy operational pressure, impact on traditional modes, and constant adjustment of positioning and mode.Therefore, both the state and the government should adhere to the public welfare as the fundamental standpoint, accelerate the implementation of scientific planning and balanced distribution of medical resources, through the fundamental adjustment of the system and mechanism, and actively help public hospitals to choose the appropriate development mode, as soon as possible to relieve pressure rescue; Public hospitals should actively make use of the extensive application of Internet and other technologies and the huge potential contained in scientific and technological innovation to achieve high-quality development goals of improving quality and efficiency, and provide more powerful support for the overall national strategy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the problems and explore the possible approaches for improving the internationalization of technology transfer in hospitals of China.Methods:We make the attempt to summarize the concepts and characteristics of international technology transfer, discussed existing problems and dealing strategies of boosting the internationalization of technology innovation and transformation in hospitals in combination with daily practice.Results:Of the international technology transfer in clinical hospitals in China is at the early stage, there are also a lot of space for improvement, for instance, the training of professional personnel, well-developed innovation and application ecology and the comprehensive regulatory support system.Conclusions:Clinical hospitals should enhance the transformation of scientific and technological achievements at global level. It is important to empower the technology transfer team-building, enhance the infrastructure and professional service, as well as call for more support from the national level to strengthen related policy-making.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912564

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the international situation of technology innovation and transfer, to improve the performance in the health field of China.Methods:Collect data and status quo of innovation and transformation of scientific and technological achievements in 10 World-class research universities and hospitals through literature review, and conduct summary analysis.Results:According to the study, the health field is the main arena of technology innovation and transfer in which the status of the main body of innovation of hospitals cannot be ignored, and the transformation ability of some hospitals is higher than universities.Technology innovation and transfer in the health field is characterized by multiple disciplines, long-term and high cost, and it is necessary to build a full ecological chain from research and development (R&D) to production and commercialization.Conclusions:The dominant position of the health field and hospitals in technology innovation and transfer needs to be emphasized.Interdisciplinary collaboration and innovative economy building should be strengthened.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911674

ABSTRACT

Objective:Establish the decision threshold value of mean fluorescence intensity of anti-human leukocyte antigen(HLA)antibody through statistical analyzing the results of international proficiency testing(PT)organized by American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics(ASHI).Methods:Single antigen reagent and liquid chip(Luminex)technique were used to detect anti-HLA antibody. A retrospective analysis of the HLA antibody PT results of 55 quality control samples from 11 times organized by ASHI from 2012 to 2019 was reviewed.Results:Among 79 kinds of HLA-I antibodies, 21, 43 and 15 types of HLA-A, B and Cw antibodies were detected respectively, while among 44 kinds of HLA-Ⅱ antibodies, 18, 7 and 19 types of HLA-DRB1, DQB1 and DPB1 antibodies were detected respectively. After analyzing the MFI detection value of different specific antibodies in each PT samples at our laboratory and the coincidence rate of the negative / positive results judged by ASHI through summarizing the results of multicenter participating in the same period, MFI values of HLA antibody were arranged from high to low into the intervals of possible saturation value, positive decision value, positive judgment threshold value, suspicious positive reference value and suspicious negative reference value , according to the coincidence rate of 95%, 90%, 80%, 79%~50% and <50%.Thus, the decision limit value table of HLA specific antibody at our laboratory was established. And 42 kinds of HLA antibody types were detected with complete data.When the MFI values of various HLA-I or HLA-Ⅱ antibodies are found to be 80% or more in the table, it can be used to judge the detection of HLA antibodies. When HLA antibody MFI value reaches the positive decision value, it may have a certain guiding significance for clinical diagnosis and treatment. And when antibody MFI value reaches the saturation value and lies in the suspicious positive or suspicious negative reference threshold, it just suggests that the clinical need for dynamic follow-up of anti-HLA antibody detection.Conclusions:The decision limit value of MFI of laboratory HLA antibody is established based on the international PT experimental results, which is of reference value for the interpretation of experimental results and clinical diagnosis and treatment. A transplant ation center should pay attention to the quality control of comparison test between laboratories in the detection of HLA antibodies.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the sonographic features of clinical lymph node negative (cN 0) stage papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) and non-PTMC, and improve the early diagnosis of cN 0 stage PTMC. Methods:The clinical data of 223 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma from January 2015 to December 2017 in Dalian Municipal Center Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Preoperative ultrasonography of all patients showed lymph node negative, and all patients received radical thyroidectomy. Among them, PTMC was in 143 cases (tumor diameter ≤1 cm, PTMC group), and non-PTMC in 80 cases (tumor diameter >1 cm, non-PTMC group). The sonographic features, including echogenicity, boundary, morphology, calcification, posterior echo attenuation, blood flow and ratio of length and width were compared between 2 groups.Results:There were no significant differences in the incidences of unclear boundary, irregular shape and posterior echo attenuation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidences of extremely low or low echo and ratio of length and width ≥1 in PTMC group were significantly higher than those in non-PTMC group: 88.1% (126/143) vs. 67.5% (54/80) and 37.8% (54/143) vs. 7.5% (6/80), the incidences rate of calcification and peripheral or internal blood flow were significantly lower than those in the non-PTMC group: 55.9% (80/143) vs. 72.5% (58/80) and 49.0% (70/143) vs. 77.5% (62/80), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). Conclusions:The ultrasonographic features of cN 0 stage PTMC and non-PTMC are different.

6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 723-733, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921275

ABSTRACT

Amino acids are essential nutrients for humans and have a wide range of biological functions. They are the constituent units of protein and energy metabolites. In addition, they are also widely involved in the maintenance and regulation of various physiological functions, and play a role in transcription, translation, post-translational modification and other levels. The liver is a key metabolic organ, and it acts as a hub that connects the metabolism of various tissues. Amino acid sensing plays a very important role in the regulation of hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism. Therefore, accurately sensing the levels of intracellular and extracellular amino acids is the key to maintaining cell homeostasis. There are several well-known amino acid sensors in eukaryotic cells, such as general control non-derepressible-2 (GCN2), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and taste receptors, which play an important role in maintaining metabolic homeostasis. This article gives a detailed introduction to the role and mechanism of amino acids in regulating hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism, laying a foundation for further exploration of amino acid sensing mechanism and treatment of hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism disorders.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Glucose/metabolism , Homeostasis , Humans , Lipid Metabolism , Liver
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888141

ABSTRACT

In view of the current inadequate standards for Gleditsiae Spina in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, this study put forward some new items of the quality standards of Gleditsiae Spina. Thin-layer chromatography(TLC) was performed for identification with the reference substance of taxifolin and the reference material of Gleditsiae Spina as the control. According to the general principles of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition, Vol. 4), the moisture, total ash content, and alcohol-soluble extract of medicinal materials and decoction pieces of Gleditsiae Spina were determined. The content determination method for medicinal materials and decoction pieces of Gleditsiae Spina was established using high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), with taxifolin as the quality control index. Based on the determination results of 30 batches of samples of Gleditsiae Spina from different habitats, the draft quality standards of Gleditsiae Spina were developed, which provided suggestions for the revision of the quality standards of Gleditsiae Spina in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control , Reference Standards
8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 223-226, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884036

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to investigate the role of mitochondrial fusion protein 2 (Mfn2) in chronic renal injury caused by cyclosporine A (CSA) and the possible mechanism.Methods:The model of chronic CSA nephropathy was established in rats. The rats were divided into solvent control group, CSA model group and normal control group. Serum creatinine and urinary protein levels were detected. The tubulointerstitial injury was observed by light microscopy. The changes of mitochondrial structure were observed by electron microscope, and the expression of Mfn2 was detected by Western blot.Results:The levels of serum creatinine and urinary protein in CSA model group at 2 and 4 weeks were significantly higher than those in control group and solvent group ( P<0.05). In CSA model group, tubulointerstitial injury was obvious, mitochondria swelling and deformation were found in tubular epithelial cells, and ridge disappeared. Compared with normal control group and solvent control group, the expression of Mfn2 in CSA model group was significantly decreased at 2 and 4 weeks ( P<0.05), and the expression of Mfn2 in CSA model group at 4 weeks was further decreased compared with 2 weeks ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Mfn2 may play an important role in the injury of tubular epithelial cells caused by cyclosporine.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912545

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide references for promoting clinical hospital technology transfer, through on-site investigations of medical device manufacturers and sorting out the situation of the participation of enterprises in technology transfer.Methods:Purposive sampling and questionnaire are used; the study analyzed the collected data by quantitative and qualitative research on the selected 5 enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta, and introduced the procedures of enterprises purchasing scientific payoffs.Results:It shows that the medical device enterprises have strong demand for the technology innovation, and the cooperation between enterprises and researchers at an earlier stage are conducive to technology transfer. At present, the overall technology readiness level for the hospitals is generally not high. The commercialization of scientific and research findings could achieve the win-win situation for both the hospitals and enterprises.Conclusions:To further promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in China, We should establish a more diversified achievement promotion platform to push forward the hospital-enterprise cooperation to improve the technology readiness level, and meanwhile, accelerate the application-oriented clinical scientific research.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872082

ABSTRACT

Objective:The paper aims to explore the characteristics and paths of the technology transfer in medicine, according to the approach to technology innovation conducted at Peking University Third Hospital, providing further reference for related work.Methods:The methodology adopted for this study was the analysis of data of the technology transfer of Peking University Third Hospital during the past five years, details including the patent characteristics, discipline distribution, enterprises that purchased technologies and technology transfer process were analyzed.Results:The main results showed the need to understand that the innovation of clinical medicine is often market-friendly, utility model applications accounted for a large proportion of total number of patent applications, inventors play a prominent role in introducing a technology into the marketplace, enterprises with highly participant, and operational transformation team contributes substantially to the entire technology life cycle.Conclusions:It is important that hospitals make joined efforts in promoting discipline for growth through technology innovation, accelerating intellectual property work comprehensively, and establishing a professional team for transforming scientific discoveries into innovations.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the operation pattern and valuable experiences of Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, to improve the performance of technology innovation and transfer in the health field in China.Methods:Analyzing the data of basic structure, operation model and historical achievements of Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft by literature review. As well as conducting summary analysis along with the status quo of innovation and transformation in the health field.Results:Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft sets up a bridge between basic research and technological innovation. By undertaking contract research mainly from industrial enterprises and offering technological research and solutions, Fraunhofer integrates resources of basic research, applied research and production innovation, breaking the barriers among actors of innovation and forming a mature and effective model of innovation and transfer.Conclusions:Technological innovation in the health field should appropriately transition to applied research, be demand-oriented and application-oriented. Only by combining the needs of clinical service and industrial technology and building an ecological aggregate can we improve the efficiency of innovation and transfer in the health field.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analysis the construction of the world's top PhaseⅠclinical trial registration agencies, compare their size, composition, operation and funding, to provide further reference for the construction of clinical trial agency in China.Methods:Search for PhaseⅠclinical trial research agencies by region on clinicaltrials.gov. Collecting information about the agency’s management, staffing, implementation in Asia, America and Europe. Descriptive analysis was carried out to explore the type, proportion and operation among different regions, the organizational structure, operational management and effectiveness of each agency from different regions were compared.Results:The United States, Europe and East Asia are dense areas of PhaseⅠclinical research around the world. The types of agencies in the United States, Britain, France, Germany, South Korea, Japan, and Israel are mainly enterprises. Among other types of agencies, the organizational models are diversified. The agencies have different spatial distances from medical institutions, but possess relatively consistent scale and institutional operation. All the agencies have a stable source of funding.Conclusions:In order to strengthen the construction of clinical trial agencies in China, we should speed up the establishment of a close connection mechanism to promote deep cooperation in clinical trials. Control the construction scale and maintain stable input of the agency. Meanwhile, establish and strengthen international exchanges and cooperation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872051

ABSTRACT

Objective:This paper aims to explore the public hospitals′ coordination mechanism in an effort to response to the COVID-19 pandemic, based on the Peking University Third Hospital strategy, to provide reference for technology transfer management.Methods:This paper examines strategies and measures adopted at Peking University Third Hospital during the pandemic as case studies.Results:The integrated approach for innovation, including linking scientific results to technology for utilization, the protection of intellectual property, as well as sample preparation, presents an effective way to promote technology transfer and innovation in response to COVID-19.Conclusions:It is imperative to rethink and strengthen the technology transfer system during the COVID-19 emergency. Advanced better preparation could be developed in various ways by accelerating the application of research results, focusing on the construction of professional teams for transformation, and increasing the promotion of results through multiple channels.

14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 75-83, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788851

ABSTRACT

Spermatogenesis is composed of a series of complex biological events, which are regulated by complex factors. There is a phenomenon of delayed translation in spermatogenesis, so the changes of transcription and protein expression are not completely consistent. Thus post-translational modifications (PTMs) play a key role in spermatogenic biological events. In recent years, the development of proteomics has deepened the discovery of PTM. This paper reviews the advances in multiple PTMs proteomic during testicular spermatogenesis. Their effects on sperm function and fertility, as well as their significance for future diagnosis and treatment are discussed.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 736-740, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application effects of ultrasound-guided fascia illiaca compartment block (FICB) and continuous adductor canal block (CACB) on analgesia after knee arthroplasty.Methods:84 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in Department of Anesthesiology, Orthopaedic Hospital of Sichuan, from May 2016 to April 2018 were randomly divided into observation group and control group, 42 cases in each group. The observation group was given ultrasound-guided FICB. The control group was given ultrasound-guided CACB. The postoperative analgesia effects [visual analogue scale (VAS) in rest and exercise states], major neurosensory block rate, stress response (cortisol, glucose level), muscle strength of quadriceps femoris and complications in the two groups were compared.Results:There was no significant difference in VAS scores at rest stage between the two groups at any time point after operation ( P>0.05). The VAS scores at exercise state of the observation group were lower than those of the control group at 12 h, 24 h and 48 h after operation ( P<0.01). The block rate of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve in the observation group was higher than that in the control group at 5 min, 10 min, and 30 min after block ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the block rates of femoral nerves between the two groups at each above time point ( P>0.05). The levels of blood cortisol and blood glucose in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group at 24 h and 48 h after operation ( P<0.05). The muscle strength of quadriceps femoris in the observation group was lower than that in the control group at 24 h and 48 h after operation ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Both FICB and CACB can significantly improve resting pain and femoral nerves in patients after total knee arthroplasty. FICB has advantages in blocking lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, controlling postoperative exercise pain and reducing stress response, while CACB has better effects on improving muscle strength of quadriceps femoris. The safety of the two groups is comparable. And each has its own advantages and disadvantages.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1180-1181, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825081

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the relationships between college students’ aggression and self-acceptance, family intimacy and adaptability, and to provide reference for college students’ aggression preventing and intervening.@*Methods@#Using general information questionnaire, Aggression Questionnaire, Self-acceptance Questionnaire and FACES II-CV, 984 college students from 3 colleges in Xinxiang, Henan province were surveyed by questionnaire.@*Results@#The total score of physical aggression, verbal aggression, indirect aggression and aggression in male students was higher than that of female students (t=7.17,4.21,2.05,3.63,P<0.05).The score of physical aggression of only children was higher than that of nononly children (t=2.39,P<0.05).The score of indirect attack of disciplined college students was higher than that of undisciplined college students (t=2.60,P<0.01).There were statistically significant differences in the total scores of indirect attack, hostility and attack among college students with different left-behind experiences (F=3.39,4.61, 3.37, P<0.01).There were statistically significant differences in the total scores of physical aggression, anger and aggression among college students by family income(F=5.70,3.94,3.37,P<0.01).Correlation analysis showed that the total score of college students’ aggression was positively correlated with self-acceptance, negatively correlated with actual family intimacy and actual family adaptability (r=0.37,-0.09,-0.07,P<0.01). Regression analysis showed that self-acceptance, gender, disciplinary action, left-behind experience and expected family adaptability showed significant associations with total score of college students’ aggression (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Self-acceptance and family closeness and adaptability are associated with aggressive behavior in college students. Schools should carry out targeted psychological health education on self-acceptance to ensure that college students maintain a reasonable level of self-acceptance, and family members should develop certain level of intimacy and adaptability, in order to reduce the occurrence of aggressive behavior of college students.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753179

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical changes of corneal epithelial cells,dendritic cells,endothelial cells and corneal nerves in contralateral eyes of patients with unilateral infectious keratitis.Methods A prospective serial case observation study was conducted in patients with unilateral infectious keratitis from January to August 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University.The corneal epithelial cells density,dendritic cells density,endothelial cells density,total nerve density,total number of nerves and branch nerve density were analyzed with in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM),slit lamp microscopy was performed on all subjects to observe the conjunctiva,cornea and anterior chamber.Corneal branch nerve density and total nerve density were compared with the control group by homogeneity test of variance.This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (No.IRB-AF/SC-04/01.0).Results Slit lamp microscopy showed no significant changes in anterior segment of the contralateral uninfected eyes in the 3 groups.The corneal epithelial cells density of uninfected eyes in viral keratitis group,bacterial keratitis group and fungal keratitis group was 1 834 (1 584,2 107),1 905 (1 651,2 332) and 1 859 (1 477,1 995)/mm2,respectively,which were significantly lower than 3 479 (3 080,3 910)/mm2 in the control group,the dendritic cells densities in viral keratitis group and bacterial keratitis group were 175 (139,214)/mm2 and 156 (118,190)/mm2,which were higher than 69(57,76)/mm2 in the control group,the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05).The corneal endothelial cells density of uninfected eyes in viral keratitis group was 1 107(945,1 270)/mm2,which was less than 1 905(1 651,2 332)/mm2 in the bacterial keratitis group and 1 859(1 477,1 995)/mm2 in the fungal keratitis group (both at P<0.05).The corneal nerve number and total nerve density of uninfected eyes in viral keratitis group were l0(7,11)/mm2 and (1 822.85±622.34) μm/mm2,which were lower than 11 (9,13)/mm2 and (2 340.91±:408.70)μm/mm2 in the bacterial keratitis group,with significant differences between them (P< 0.05,P< 0.008 3).The morphology of corneal epithelial cells and endothelial cells in each infectious keratitis group was larger than that in the control group,while the morphology and number of dendritic cells in the contralateral eye of patients with viral and bacterial keratitis increased.Conclusions In unilateral uninfected eyes of infectious keratitis,the density of corneal epithelial cells,dendritic cells,endothelial cells and corneal nerves changes correspondingly.There may be a close relationship of corneal immunity and nervous system between the two eyes.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745435

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the hematological toxicity of 89SrCl2 in patients with multiple bone metastases of malignant tumors,and analyze the related-risk factors.Methods A total of 89 patients (63 males,26 females;age:(62.3±5.2) years) with multiple bone metastases and treated with 89SrCl2 were enrolled.Hematological data at 2 and 4 weeks after treatment with 89SrCl2 were analyzed.Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.03 was used to evaluate the hematological toxicity,and the influencing risk factors were analyzed.Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the data.Results The incidences of grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ anemia,leukopenia and thrombocytopania at 2 and 4 weeks after treatment were 15.7%(14/89),18.0%(16/89),11.2%(10/89) and 18.0%(16/89),24.7%(22/89),18.0%(16/89),respectively.The incidences of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ anemia,leukopenia and thrombocytopenia were 2.2%(2/89),0,0 and 2.2%(2/89),2.2%(2/89),3.4%%(3/89),respectively.Logistics multivariate analysis showed that the number of bone metastases and the Hb level before treatment were independent effect factors for hematological toxicity of 89SrCl2,with odds ratio (OR) values of 2.200(95% CI:1.269-3.841) and 0.961 (95% CI:0.932-0.991),respectively.Conclusions Serious hematological toxicity after 89SrCl2 treatment is rare.The number of bone metastases and the Hb level before treatment are independent effect factors for hematological toxicity.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744089

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical characteristics of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma with diameter ≤ 5 mm. Methods The clinical data of 259 papillary thyroid microcarcinoma patients who had underwent radical thyroidectomy from January 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the preoperative tumor diameter: >5 mm group (88 cases) and ≤ 5 mm group (171 cases); then according to the lymph node metastasis, the 2 groups were divided into non-lymph node metastasis sub-group and lymph node metastasis sub-group. The reason of lymph node metastasis was analyzed. Results There were no statistical difference in gender composition, age and combined Hashimoto thyroiditis rate between >5 mm group and≤5 mm group (P>0.05). The rates of T3-4 stage, N1a-1b stage and multifocal tumors in>5 mm group were significantly higher than those in ≤ 5 mm group: 34.1% (30/88) vs. 18.7% (32/171), 45.5% (40/88) vs. 22.8% (39/171) and 39.8% (35/88) vs. 22.8% (39/171), and there were statistical differences (P<0.05 or<0.01). In>5 mm group, lymph node metastasis sub-group had 40 cases, non-lymph node metastasis sub-group had 48 cases; the rate of T3-4 stage in lymph node metastasis sub-group was significantly higher than that in non-lymph node metastasis sub-group: 55.0% (22/40) vs. 16.7% (8/48), and there was statistical difference (P<0.01). In≤5 mm group, lymph node metastasis sub-group had 39 cases, and non-lymph node metastasis sub-group had 132 cases; the rate of T3-4 stage in lymph node metastasis sub-group was significantly higher than that in non-lymph node metastasis sub-group:51.3% (20/39) vs. 9.1% (12/132), and there was statistical difference (P<0.01). In>5 mm group and≤5 mm group, there were no statistical difference in gender composition, age, combined Hashimoto thyroiditis rate and multifocal tumors rate between 2 sub-groups (P>0.05). Conclusions The clinical behavior of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma with diameter ≤ 5 mm has a less aggressive nature compared to that>5 mm. Tumor capsular invasion or extra thyroidal extension has a great influence on lymph node metastasis in thyroid papillary microcarcinoma of different diameter.

20.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1557-1567, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763205

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) of non-upper aerodigestive tract (NUAT) was found to have clinical heterogeneity compared with NKTCL of the upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) in small scale studies. We conducted this study in a much larger cohort to analyze the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, treatment modality, and clinical outcomes of patients with NUAT-NKTCL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2001 to December 2017, a total of 757 NKTCL patients were identified and included in this study, including 92 NUAT-NKTCL patients (12.2%) and 665 UAT-NKTCLpatients (87.8%). RESULTS: NUAT-NKTCL patients had relatively poorer performance status, more unfavorable prognostic factors, and more advanced stage, compared with UAT-NKTCL patients. The 5-year overall survival (OS) was 34.7% for NUAT-NKTCL, which was significantly worse than UAT-NKTCL (64.2%, p<0.001). The median OS duration was 30.9 months for NUAT-NKTCL. Multivariate analysis showed that presence with B symptoms and elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase independently predicted worse OS. International prognostic index score and prognostic index of natural killer lymphoma score still had prognostic values in NUAT-NKTCL, while the Ann Arbor system could not accurately predict the OS. CONCLUSION: NUAT-NKTCL is a distinctive subtype of NKTCL in many aspects. Patients with NUAT-NKTCL have relatively poorer performance status, more unfavorable prognostic factors, more advanced stage, and poorer prognosis.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Population Characteristics , Prognosis
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