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1.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 217-221, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703842

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) supported primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) between very elderly (age ≥ 80 years) and elderly (age < 80 years) patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 288 STEMI patients received IABP supported PPCI in our hospital from 2004-01 to 2015-12 were retrospectively studied. Clinical condition, coronary angiography and follow-up data were analyzed; the patients with pre-operative cardiac shock, mechanical complication and non ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome were excluded. Eligible patients were divided into 2 groups: Very elderly group, n=51 and Elderly group, n=237. Major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE) as death, cardiac shock, new or worsen heart failure, re-MI and stroke were studied at 1 month and 1, 2 years after PPCI. Independent predictors for MACCE occurrence were investigated by Cox proportional hazard model analysis.Results: Compared with Elderly group, Very elderly group had increased incidence of MACCE at 1 month after PPCI (41.2% vs 24.5%), P=0.029 and obviously elevated incidence of stroke (9.8% vs 0.8%), P<0.001. Mortalities were similar between 2 groups at 1 month and 1 year after PPCI (17.6% vs 15.2%) and (25.5% vs 16.9%), both P>0.05; mortality was higher in Very elderly group at 2 years after PPCI (35.3% vs 20.7%), Log-rank P=0.037. Cox proportional hazard model analysis indicated that post-operative TIMI flow < 3 was the strong independent predictor for MACCE occurrence (HR=3.41, 95% CI 2.09-5.56, P<0.001), which was also the strongest predictor for death at different time points as at 1 month after PPCI (HR=9.51, 95% CI 5.23-17.29), at 1 year after PPCI (HR=7.24, 95% CI 4.13-12.69) and at 2 years after PPCI (HR=5.85, 95% CI 3.45-9.94), all P<0.001. Patients ≥ 80 years had no obvious predictors for end point event occurrence. Conclusion: Very elderly STEMI patients had the higher mortality at 2 years after IABP supported PPCI and increased incidence of MACCE at 1 month after PPCI. Patients≥80 years had no obvious predictors for end point event occurrence.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 733-739, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350412

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Whether final kissing balloon (FKB) dilatation after one-stent implantation at left-main (LM) bifurcation site remains unclear. Therefore, this large sample and long-term follow-up study comparatively assessed the impact of FKB in patients with unprotected LM disease treated with one-stent strategy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total 1528 consecutive patients underwent LM percutaneous coronary intervention in one center from January 2004 to December 2010 were enrolled; among them, 790 patients treated with one drug-eluting stent crossover LM to left anterior descending (LAD) with FKB (n = 230) or no FKB (n = 560) were comparatively analyzed. Primary outcome was the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events, defined as a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI) and target vessel revascularization (TVR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall, The prevalence of true bifurcation lesions, which included Medina classification (1,1,1), (1,0,1), or (0,1,1), was similar between-groups (non-FKB: 37.0% vs. FKB: 39.6%, P = 0.49). At mean 4 years follow-up, rates of major adverse cardiovascular events (non-FKB: 10.0% vs. FKB: 7.8%, P = 0.33), death, MI and TVR were not significantly different between-groups. In multivariate propensity-matched regression analysis, FKB was not an independent predictor of adverse outcomes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For patients treated with one-stent crossover LM to LAD, clinical outcomes appear similar between FKB and non-FKB strategy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Drug-Eluting Stents , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2409-2413, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322187

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Currently available evidence suggests that outcomes are less favorable when left main (LM) bifurcation lesions are treated with 2-stent techniques compared with a single-stent technique. We aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the 2-stent techniques for treating unprotected LM bifurcation lesions in Chinese patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We enrolled 301 consecutive patients treated with drug-eluting stents (DES) implantation using 2-stent techniques for unprotected LM bifurcation lesions (MEDINA 1, 1, 1, 70.5%). The 2-stent techniques included crush technique, V stenting, T stenting, and Culottes stenting. After stenting, both vessels were redilated at a high pressure before final kissing balloon (FKB). Clinical and angiographic data were analyzed. The primary endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACE), which included death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Immediate procedural success was obtained in all cases with a FKB success rate of 95.3%. Follow-up data were available for all patients. The overall incidence of angiographic in-stent restenosis (ISR) rate was 20.3% and most ISRs were of the focal type. During long-term follow-up (mean duration, (54 ± 22) months), the cumulative incidence of MACE was 11.0%, with 8 (2.7%) deaths, 7 (2.3%) myocardial infarctions, and 18 (6.0%) repeated lesion revascularization. MACEs in high SYNTAX score terciles were significantly higher compared with those in low and intermediate SYNTAX score terciles (P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with 2-stent technique for unprotected LM bifurcation lesions was accompanied with a slightly high incidence of ISR, the long-term clinical follow-up is acceptable. Technical modifications and stent innovations may further improve both the angiographic and clinical outcomes for patients with LM bifurcation disease treated by PCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Mortality , Therapeutics , Coronary Restenosis , Epidemiology , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 609-614, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342530

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) represent a high risk group of patients for coronary revascularization. There are limited data on percutaneous coronary intervention treatment in this population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among a cohort of 4335 patients with three-vessel disease with or without left main disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, 191 patients had LVEF < 40% (low ejection fraction (EF)) and 4144 patients had LVEF ≥ 40%. In-hospital and long-term outcomes were examined according to LVEF.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The estimated two-year rates of major adverse cardiac events, cardiac death, and myocardial infarction were significantly higher in the low EF group (19.64% vs. 8.73%, Log-rank test: P < 0.01; 10.30% vs. 1.33%, Log-rank test: P < 0.01, and 10.32% vs. 2.28%, Log-rank test: P < 0.01 respectively), but there was no difference in the rates of target vessel revascularization (6.18% vs. 6.11%, Log-rank test: P = 0.96). Using the Cox proportional hazard models, LVEF < 40% was a significant risk factor for cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and major adverse cardiac events (OR (95%CI): 4.779 (2.369 - 9.637), 2.673 (1.353 - 5.282), and 1.827 (1.187 - 2.813) respectively), but was not a statistically significant risk factor for target vessel revascularization (OR (95%CI): 1.094 (0.558 - 2.147)).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for multivessel coronary artery disease, left ventricular dysfunction remains associated with further risk of cardiac death in-hospital and during long-term follow-up.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Disease , Therapeutics , Ventricular Function, Left , Physiology
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1612-1617, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350455

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Though drug-eluting stent (DES) almost solved a problem of restenosis, safety issues related to stent thrombosis are still the major concern of DES. We hypothesized that hybrid stent implantation may decrease the use of DES, probably improving the long-term safety but not affecting efficacy adversely when treating multilesion coronary artery disease in the DES era.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2004 to October 2006, 848 patients with multilesion disease underwent hybrid stent implantation. During the same period 5647 patients with multilesion coronary heart disease were treated by exclusive DES implantation in Fu Wai Hospital. According to propensity score matching, we chose 823 pairs of patients with multileison coronary artery disease for inclusion into our study. We obtained the 24-month clinical outcome including death, myocardial infarction (MI), thrombosis, target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and major adverse cardiac events (MACE, the composite of death, MI, and TVR). We used Cox's proportional-hazard models to assess relative risks of all the outcome measures after propensity match.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 24 months, patients in the hybrid stent implantation group showed a significantly higher risk of TLR (8.39% vs. 3.28%, HR 2.38, 95%CI: 1.50 - 3.70), TVR (11.07% vs. 6.32%, HR 1.61, 95%CI: 1.15 - 2.27) and MACE (13.75% vs. 8.75%, HR 1.37, 95%CI: 1.02 - 1.85). No significant difference was apparent in terms of mortality (1.22% vs. 1.70%, HR 0.55, 95%CI: 0.24 - 1.25), MI (1.95% vs. 2.31%, HR 0.73, 95%CI: 0.37 - 1.42), or thrombosis (definite + probable) (0.73% vs. 1.58%, HR 0.40, 95%CI: 0.15 - 1.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In patients with multilesion coronary artery disease, the exclusive DES implantation was associated with significantly lower risks of TLR, TVR and MACE, and the hybrid stent implantation did not result in any significant improvements regarding safety issues. Prospective studies are needed to confirm our results.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3398-3403, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316499

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Restenosis of bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES) has been increasingly treated with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES), but the long-term outcomes are unknown.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In our study, 388 consecutive patients (144 DES restenosis and 244 BMS restenosis) with 400 lesions (147 DES restenosis and 253 BMS restenosis) treated with SES were included. The rates of target lesion revascularization (TLR) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 42 months were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the mean follow-up of 42 months, the rates of death (3.5% vs. 3.3%, P = 1.000) and myocardial infarction (2.8% vs. 1.2%, P = 0.431) in the DES group and BMS group were comparable. Compared with the BMS group, ischemia-driven TLR occurred with a higher frequency in the DES group (18.8% vs. 10.7%, P = 0.024). This translated into an increased rate of MACE in the DES group (22.2% vs. 14.0%, P = 0.034). Stent thrombosis occurred with a similar frequency in both groups (2.8% vs. 1.6%, P = 0.475). Multivariate analysis showed that DES restenosis (OR = 1.907, 95%CI 1.108 - 3.285, P = 0.020) and smoking (OR = 2.069; 95%CI 1.188 - 3.605; P = 0.010) were independent predictors of MACE.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although SES implantation appears to be safe and effective, it was associated with higher TLR recurrence for DES than BMS restenosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Restenosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Sirolimus , Therapeutic Uses , Stents
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4221-4225, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Among patients with advanced multivessel coronary disease, left ventricular (LV) function is widely variable, and clinical and angiographic correlates of ventricular dysfunction remain to be defined.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among 73 339 patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization at a single center in China, patients with left ventriculographic assessment were identified with three-vessel coronary disease with or without left main involvement. Clinical and angiographic characteristics were examined among patients with normal or varying extent of LV dysfunction, and predictors of LV impairment (ejection fraction (EF): < 25%, 25% - 40% or > 40%) were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 11 950 patients identified with three-vessel coronary disease, the sample distribution of LVEF was > 40%, n = 10 776; 25% - 40%, n = 948; < 25%, n = 226. Patients with reduced LV function (< 40%) more commonly were male and had a history of myocardial infarction (MI), diabetes or unstable angina. Hypertension was more frequent in those with LVEF ≥ 40%. In a multivariate Logistic regression analysis, prior MI (odds ratio (OR), 3.37; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.96 - 3.84) was most predictive of LVEF < 40%, followed by male gender, diabetes, and presentation with unstable angina. For LVEF < 25%, only prior MI was identified as a significant correlate of severe LV dysfunction (OR 4.06, 95%CI 3.06 - 5.39). Following exclusion of patients with previous MI (n = 7416), male gender and diabetes were predictive of LVEF < 40%, yet presentation with unstable angina was the only factor significantly associated with LVEF < 25%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Among individuals identified with three-vessel coronary disease with or without left main involvement, previous MI was the most significant risk factor of LV dysfunction.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Disease , Pathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Pathology
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 845-850, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239937

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The role of plasma high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in in-stent restenosis (ISR) remains controversial. We investigated plasma hs-CRP level at both admission and follow-up in patients with stable angina (SA) after successful coronary stenting in order to clarify the predictive value of hs-CRP for ISR.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We summarized 303 consecutive chronic SA patients with coronary drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. The ISR was analyzed by quantitative coronary analysis (QCA) at a mean follow-up of 8 months, and the patients were divided into two groups according to the detected ISR as ISR group (n = 48) and non-ISR group (n = 255). Plasma hs-CRP was examined at both admission and 8-month follow-up in all patients, standard medication continued throughout the investigation period.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>QCA presented that 48 patients (15.8%) suffered from ISR at follow-up. The basic clinical characteristics were similar between the two groups, while plasma hs-CRP was higher in ISR group than that in non-ISR group at both admission and follow-up, P < 0.001 respectively. Multivariate regression analysis indicated that plasma hs-CRP level at either admission or follow-up could independently predict ISR occurrence (OR = 5.581, 95%CI 2.532-12.302, P < 0.001 and OR = 6.299, 95%CI 2.722-14.577, P < 0.001, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our data indicate that plasma hs-CRP level may independently predict ISR at both admission and follow-up in SA patients with coronary DES implantation, which implies that a chronic, sustained systemic inflammatory response might be involved in ISR pathogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angina Pectoris , Therapeutics , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Coronary Restenosis , Blood , Therapeutics , Multivariate Analysis
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 990-996, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239907

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Recent data have shown that sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) reduced not only the incidences of restenosis but also of target vessel revascularization (TVR). CYPHER and FIREBIRD stents are both widely used SES in China. However, comparative data concerning differences in long-term safety and efficacy regarding CYPHER and FIREBIRD stents in the Chinese population are still not available.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2004 to October 2006, 3979 consecutive patients who underwent successful SES (FIREBIRD 2274; CYPHER 1705) implantation were prospectively enrolled into this study. All enrolled patients were divided into two groups based on stent type. Follow-up data, including death, myocardial infarction (MI), thrombosis, target lesion revascularization (TLR), TVR, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE, the composite of death, MI, and TVR) were obtained at 24 months. Cox's proportional-hazards models were used to assess relative risks of all the outcome measures between the two groups before and after propensity match.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Unadjusted clinical outcomes demonstrated higher TVR (hazard ratio (HR) 1.78, 95%CI 1.26 - 2.50) and MACE (HR 1.40, 95%CI 1.08 - 1.82) for patients treated with FIREBIRD SES. After propensity match, the results showed a non-significant trend towards superiority of the CYPHER stent in all the analyzed parameters, however, no significant differences were found for all events at 24 months between FIREBIRD and CYPHER groups, and all thrombosis rates by Academic Research Consortium (ARC) definition were comparable between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In this large, real-world population, the use of domestic FIREBIRD SES in China was associated with nearly the same safety and efficacy versus the imported CYPHER SES. FIREBIRD SES can be taken as an alternative for CYPHER SES in daily practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , China , Coronary Restenosis , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Myocardial Infarction , Therapeutics , Proportional Hazards Models , Sirolimus , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 208-211, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244021

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The purpose of this study is to evaluate the in-hospital clinical outcome of patients with coronary artery disease who underwent transradial intervention (TRI) and analyze the predictors of clinical outcome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 2004 to May 2009, there were 16 281 patients who underwent transradial intervention, as well as 5388 patients who underwent transfemoral intervention (TFI) at our institution. The clinical characteristics, procedural characteristics, and in-hospital clinical adverse events were compared between TRI and TFI groups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to determine predictors of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (composite of death, myocardial infarction, or target lesion revascularization) of TRI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The annulations time was significantly longer for TRI than TFI (P < 0.01), fluoroscopy time, amount of contrast agent and procedural success rate (95.5% for TRI and 96.2% for TFI) were similar between the two groups. However, the rates of vascular complications (0.1% for TRI group and 1.3% for TFI group, P < 0.01), incidence of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (1.6% vs. 3.8%, P < 0.01) and in-hospital death (0.2% vs. 0.4%, P < 0.01) were all significantly lower in TRI group compared with TFI group. The following characteristics were identified as independent multivariate predictors of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events of TRI: age ≥ 65 (OR: 1.98, 95%CI: 1.50 - 2.61, P < 0.01), prior myocardial infarction (OR: 2.14, 95%CI: 1.63 - 2.82, P < 0.01), use of drug-eluting stent (DES) (OR: 0.68, 95%CI: 0.47 - 0.98, P = 0.04), dissection during procedure (OR: 4.08, 95%CI: 2.28 - 7.33, P < 0.01), left main lesion (OR: 2.12, 95%CI: 1.09 - 4.13, P = 0.03), number of implanted stents (OR: 1.25, 95%CI: 1.09 - 1.43, P < 0.01), and total stented length (OR: 1.01, 95%CI: 1.00 - 1.02, P = 0.03).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In this large single-centre patient cohort, the transradial intervention is superior to transfemoral intervention in terms of in-hospital safety and efficacy. Age ≥ 65, prior myocardial infarction, use of DES, dissection during procedure, left main lesion, number of implanted stents and total stented length were identified as independent multivariate predictors of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events of TRI.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Inpatients , Logistic Models , Radial Artery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2879-2882, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292785

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Surgical aortic valve replacement is the standard treatment for patients with severe aortic stenosis, but some registries have indicated that 30% to 60% of these patients are not treated surgically, usually due to advanced age and/or comorbidities. This single center study in China investigated the current treatment status in the patients with severe aortic stenosis and evaluated the long term clinical outcome in advanced age patients whether or not undergoing aortic valve replacement.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 867 consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis between January 2000 and December 2006 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients ≥ 65 years old were followed up by telephone or information from medical records. The primary end-point was all-cause mortality.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients' average age was (52 ± 19) years (range, 1 - 91 years), and 34% were women. The percentages of the patients aged < 15 years, between 15 and 34 years, between 35 and 54 years, between 55 and 64 years, between 65 and 74 years, and ≥ 75 years who underwent surgical aortic valve replacement were 82.3%, 87.2%, 88.8%, 78.2%, 65.3% and 22.2% respectively. In the patients (n = 256) ≥ 65 years old, 43.4% had New York Heart Association class III and IV symptoms, 39.1% had hypertension, 33.2% had coronary heart disease, and 3.1% had stroke. In the patients not undergoing aortic valve replacement, 1.6% had renal insufficiency, 4.7% had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 2.0% had critical hematopathy, and 0.4% had mammary cancer. A total of 186 (72.7%) patients finished the follow-up, and the average duration of the follow-up was (60 ± 26) months. In the patients between 65 and 74 years old, the total deaths and cardiac deaths in the patients undergoing aortic valve replacement decreased significantly compared with those with conservative treatment (10.3% vs. 53.7%, P < 0.001 and 6.3% vs. 50.7%, P < 0.001). Similarly, in the patients ≥ 75 years old, there was a significant difference between patients who had surgery and those who had conservative treatment in the total deaths and cardiac deaths (21.4% vs. 63.3%, P = 0.007 and 14.3% vs. 46.9%, P = 0.033). The total deaths in the patients aged between 65 and 74 years were significantly fewer compared with = 75 years old patients (25.4% vs. 54.0%, P < 0.001). Cox regression revealed that aortic valve replacement was the only independent predictor of mortality (HR 0.183; 95% CI, 0.101 - 0.332, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This single centre study showed that surgical aortic valve replacement was still the standard treatment for the patients with severe aortic stenosis and had a satisfying prognosis. However, the high risk patients with advanced age and comorbidities usually selected conservative treatment and had an unfavorable prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Aortic Valve Stenosis , General Surgery , China , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3022-3029, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292760

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Although the role of C-reactive protein (CRP) in predicting rapid progression of atherosclerotic lesions has been intensively studied in unstable coronary artery disease, the data from patients with stable angina (SA) are largely absent. The present study evaluated a middle-size patient cohort who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation and follow-up coronary angiography (CAG) and tested the hypothesis that increased plasma level of high-sensitive CRP would indicate rapid progression of de novo non-target coronary artery lesions in Chinese patients with SA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study population comprised of 311 consecutive patients with chronic SA who underwent coronary stent implantation on initial admission and angiographic follow-up ((8.5 ± 1.2) months). Rapid angiographic progression of non-target lesion was angiographically assessed and the patients were classified into two groups according to whether the progression existed or not. The relation of plasma CRP levels to the progression of atherosclerosis was investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Baseline demographic, clinical, and angiographic data were similar in patients with and without progression. Rapid angiographic progression of non-target lesions occurred in 136 patients (43.7%) at follow-up: 77 had a ≥ 10% diameter reduction of pre-existing stenosis ≥ 50%, 26 had a ≥ 30% diameter reduction of a pre-existing stenosis < 50%, 64 developed a new lesion ≥ 30% in a previously normal segment, and 4 had progression of a lesion to total occlusion. Progression of non-target lesions was not associated with target lesion restenosis formation. High-sensitive CRP levels were markedly higher in progression patients than in non-progression ones (1.60 (0.80 - 3.46) mg/L vs. 0.96 (0.55 - 1.87) mg/L, P < 0.001). Multivariate regression analysis showed that plasma CRP independently predicted rapid angiographic progression of non-target lesions (P = 0.001). High-sensitive CRP levels above 1.32 mg/L (the cutoff value) were associated with a 3.5-fold increase in the risk of developing rapid atherosclerotic progression (OR = 3.497, 95%CI 2.045 - 5.980).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The data confirmed and extended previous studies that plasma CRP might independently predict non-target lesion progression in patients with SA after stent implantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angina Pectoris , Therapeutics , C-Reactive Protein , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Pathology , Disease Progression , Stents
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 617-620, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272193

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the impact of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 681G > A polymorphism on long-term prognosis of clopidogrel-treated Chinese patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 1, 2009 and August 31,2009, 267 patients with coronary heart disease who received PCI and treated with clopidogrel for 12 months were enrolled. CYP2C19 * 2 was detected by MALDI-TOF MS and patients were grouped into CYP2C19 * 1/ * 1 (n = 130) and CYP2C19 * 2 carriers group (n = 137). Follow-up was 12 months. The primary endpoint was angina recurrence, urgent coronary revascularization, acute myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, death and the combined end points.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Baseline data were similar between two groups (P > 0.05). Urgent coronary revascularization and the combined end points occurred more frequently in CYP2C19 * 2 carriers than in CYP2C19 * 1/* 1 patients (7.3% vs. 1.5% and 8.0% vs. 2.3% respectively, all P < 0.05). But incidence of angina recurrence, acute myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis and death was similar between two groups (all P > 0.05). Hazard risk of 1 year cumulative survival of CYP2C19 * 2 carriers group was significantly higher than CYP2C19 * 1/ * 1 group after PCI ( HR = 3.59, 95% CI: 1.02 - 12.87, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CYP2C19 681G > A polymorphism is a determinant of prognosis in coronary heart disease patients receiving chronic clopidogrel treatment after PCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases , Genetics , Coronary Disease , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 , Genotype , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prognosis , Ticlopidine , Therapeutic Uses
14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 248-251, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341245

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical characteristics and clinical outcomes in young (< / = 45 years) female and male coronary artery disease (CAD) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Angiographic and clinical data from 124 premenopausal female patients who underwent elective PCI from April 2004 to February 2008 were compared to age-matched 430 male patients who underwent elective PCI between 2006 and 2007 in our department. All patients were treated according to guidelines and coronary angiography was repeated after 6 months. One year clinical follow-up were performed in all patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Incidences of dyslipidemia, the history of myocardial infarction and smoking were significantly lower in female patients than in male patients (all P < 0.01). Left main, left anterior descending and bifurcation lesions were more common while type C lesion and right coronary lesion were less common in young female CAD group compared to young male CAD group (P < 0.01-0.05). The average lesion length in female patients was significantly longer than that in male patients [(20.36 +/- 13.37) mm vs. (23.04 +/- 13.86) mm, P < 0.05]. The in-hospital and follow-up incidences of major adverse cardiac events, stent thrombosis and in-stent restenosis were similar between young female and male CAD patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CAD risk factors were less and vessel lesions were more likely to be found at left main, left anterior descending and bifurcation in young female CAD patients compared to young male CAD patients. The clinical outcomes were similar between young female and male CAD patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1365-1372, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241778

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Although thrombolytic therapy with rescue percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a common treatment strategy for ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI), scant data are available on its efficacy relative to primary PCI, and comparison was therefore the aim of this study.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This multicenter, open-label, randomized, parallel trial was conducted in 12 hospitals on patients (age < or = 70 years) with STEMI who presented within 12 hours of symptom onset (mean interval > 3 hours). Patients were randomized to three groups: primary PCI group (n = 101); recombinant staphylokinase (r-Sak) group (n = 104); and recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) group (n = 106). For all patients allocated to the thrombolytic therapy arm, coronary angiography was performed at 90 minutes after drug therapy to confirm infarct-related artery (IRA) patency; rescue PCI was performed in cases with TIMI flow grade < or = 2. Bare-metal stent implantation was planned for all patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After randomization it required an average of 113.4 minutes to start thrombolytic therapy (door-to-needle time) and 141.2 minutes to perform first balloon inflation in the IRA (door to balloon time). Rates of IRA patency (TIMI flow grade 2 or 3) and TIMI flow grade 3 were significantly lower in the thrombolysis group at 90 minutes after drug therapy than in the primary PCI group at the end of the procedure (70.5% vs. 98.0%, P < 0.0001, and 53.0% vs. 85.9%, P < 0.0001, respectively). Rescue PCI with stenting was performed in 117 patients (55.7%) in the thrombolytic therapy arm. Rates of patency and TIMI flow grade 3 were still significantly lower in the rescue PCI than in the primary PCI group (88.9% vs. 97.9%, P = 0.0222, and 68.4% vs. 85.0%, P = 0.0190, respectively). At 30 days post-therapy, mortality rate was significantly higher in the thrombolysis combined with rescue PCI group than in primary PCI group (7.1% vs. 0, P = 0.0034). Rates of death/MI and bleeding complications were significantly higher in the thrombolysis with rescue PCI group than in the primary PCI group (10.0% vs. 1.0%, P = 0.0380, and 28.10% vs. 8.91%, P = 0.0001, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Thrombolytic therapy with rescue PCI was associated with significantly lower rates of coronary patency and TIMI flow grade 3, but with significantly higher rates of mortality, death/MI and hemorrhagic complications at 30 days, as compared with primary PCI in this group of Chinese STEMI patients with late presentation and delayed treatments.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Angiography , Fibrinolytic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Myocardial Infarction , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Thrombolytic Therapy
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1377-1381, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241776

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Spontaneous attack of variant angina (VA) is a unique component of coronary artery disease (CAD), and associated with severe cardiac events. However, no data are available regarding sex differences in Chinese patients with spontaneous attacks of VA. Accordingly, the present retrospective study was initiated to evaluate the Clinical characteristics of Chinese female patients with spontaneous attacks of VA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2003 to January 2008, a total of 209 patients were diagnosed to have had a spontaneous attack of VA at Fu Wai Hospital. Of them, 27 were female, and their clinical findings were collected and compared with male patients for aspects of risk factors, clinical features and angiographical findings.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Spontaneous attacks of VA was relatively uncommon in female (12.9%) compared with male patients. The female patients were less likely to have a history of smoking (14.8% vs. 79.7%, P < 0.001), more likely to have a family history of CAD (33.3% vs. 11.0%, P < 0.01), and to have had a greater incidence of ventricular fibrillation during attack (11.1% vs. 2.2%, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in other characteristics between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chinese female patients who experienced a spontaneous attack of VA had the characteristics of less smoking history, more family history of CAD and higher occurrence of ventricular fibrillation than male patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angina Pectoris, Variant , Pathology , Asian People , Coronary Angiography , Electrocardiography , Sex Factors
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 778-781, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242570

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Late stent thrombosis (LST) is still concerned by interventional cardiologists in daily clinical practice. This study aimed to compare the incidence of LST after implantation of different drug-eluting stents (DES) in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients in the real world.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From December 2001 to February 2009, a total of 11 875 consecutive CHD patients undergone DES implantation were enrolled in this single-center registry study. Patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, mixed DES implantation, restenosis lesions, and patients who could not take dual antiplatelet medication and those who were contraindicated for coronary interventional treatment were excluded. All patients were treated with completed dual antiplatelet medications for at least 9 months after DES deployment. The follow-up was completed by outpatient visits, letter correspondence, phone calls and coronary angiography. Definite LST was diagnosed according to the Academic Research Consortium (ARC) definition.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Cypher or Cypher Select stents were implanted in 4104 cases, Taxus or Taxus Liberty stents in 2271 cases and Firebird stents (Chinese rapamycin-eluting stents) in 5500 cases. One-year follow-up was completed in 9693 patients, including 3346 cases with Cypher or Cypher Select stents, 1529 cases with Taxus or Taxus Liberty stents and 4818 cases with Firebird stents. Two- and three-year follow-up results were obtained in 7133 and 4353 patients, respectively, including 2410 and 1760 cases with Cypher or Cypher Select stents, 1285 and 900 cases with Taxus or Taxus Liberty stents as well as 3438 and 1693 cases with Firebird stents. One-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of LST was 1.08% in patients with Cypher or Cypher Select stents, 1.24% in those with Taxus or Taxus Liberty stents and 0.71% in those with Firebird stents; there was no significant difference between those with Cypher or Cypher Select and Firebird stents, but there was significant difference between those with Taxus or Taxus Liberty and Firebird stents (P = 0.044). The incidence of LST at the 2- and 3-year follow-up was 1.33% and 1.70% in those with Cypher or Cypher Select stents, 1.40% and 1.70% in those with Taxus or Taxus Liberty stents, and 0.83% and 0.95% in those with Firebird stents, respectively. There were no significant differences among the three groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study indicates that first-generation DES are acceptable to treat complex coronary lesions, and there is no significant difference of LST for three different DES.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aspirin , Therapeutic Uses , Coronary Disease , Therapeutics , Coronary Thrombosis , Epidemiology , Mortality , Drug-Eluting Stents , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Ticlopidine , Therapeutic Uses
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 810-815, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242564

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Recent studies have shown that drug eluting stent (DES) implantation improved clinical outcome concerning efficacy compared with bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation, and sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) seemed superior to paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) in improving the outcomes. Firebird SES is the most widely used SES in China. Long-term comparison of safety and efficacy between Firebird SES and Taxus PES in Chinese population is still not available. The aim of this research was to compare the safety and efficacy at 24 months after the successful implantation of Firebird SES and TAXUS PES in Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2004 to October 2006, 3110 consecutive patients who underwent successful DES (Firebird SES 2274; Taxus PES 836) implantation were prospectively enrolled into this study. All enrolled patients were divided into two groups based on stent type. By outpatient clinic visit and telephone interview, we obtained 24-month clinical outcome including death, myocardial infarction (MI), thrombosis, target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and major adverse cardiac events (MACE, the composite of death, MI, and TVR). We used Cox's proportional-hazards models to assess relative risks of all the outcome measures before and after propensity match.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Unadjusted clinical outcomes indicated that the patients treated with Firebird SES were associated with lower risk of TLR (HR 0.38, 95%CI 0.26 - 0.54), TVR (HR 0.51, 95%CI 0.38 - 0.68) and MACE (HR 0.53, 95%CI 0.41 - 0.68). The results after propensity match were consistent with that before matching, lower risk of TLR (HR 0.33, 95%CI 0.19 - 0.58), TVR (HR 0.41, 95%CI 0.26 - 0.64), MACE (HR 0.48, 95%CI 0.33 - 0.68) in Firebird group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with Taxus PES, the use of domestic Firebird SES may decrease the risk of TLR, TVR and MACE in daily practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Therapeutic Uses , Drug-Eluting Stents , Paclitaxel , Therapeutic Uses , Sirolimus , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2171-2175, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237486

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in elderly patients presents specific clinical characteristics. The study on percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients (>or=75 years) with STEMI, however, has less been performed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In the present study, 522 consecutive STEMI patients undergoing PCI within 12 hours from symptom onset were investigated, and clinical characteristics and in-hospital and 6-month outcomes of 66 elderly patients (>or=75 years, group A) were compared to those of 456 younger patients (<75 years, group B).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to younger patients, elderly ones had more females (42.4% vs. 17.8%, P<0.005), a history of cerebral vascular events (7.6% vs. 0.9%, P<0.05), higher serum creatinine level ((96.48+/-31.65) mmol/L vs. (84.87+/-19.81) mmol/L, P<0.005) and fewer smokers (28.8% vs. 45.4%, P<0.05). The elderly ones had worse Killip class (Killip I class: 69.7% vs. 85.7%, P<0.05), less drug-eluting stent implantation and lower rates of TIMI flow 3 following PCI (33.3% vs. 47.1%, and 84.8% vs. 94.7%, P<0.05 respectively). Additionally, both in-hospital mortality and myocardial infarction rate were found to be higher in elderly patients (16.7% vs. 1.5%, and 7.6% vs. 2.6%, P<0.05 respectively), which were also observed until 6-month follow-up (9.1% vs. 0, and 6.1% vs. 0, P<0.05 respectively). In multivariable Cox regression analysis, serum creatinine level, history of hypertension, left anterior descending coronary artery as infarct-related artery and Killip class were independent predictors of 6-month overall death in elderly patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The clinical characteristics of elderly patients with STEMI after PCI are different from those of younger patients. Although PCI in this population is with a low rate of PCI failure, it is still associated with a worse outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Angiography , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Myocardial Infarction , Mortality , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2261-2267, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307800

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>In response to the increasing concern with the safety of the drug-eluting stent (DES), the present study aimed to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of DES used for a Chinese patient population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All patients, who underwent an index elective percutaneous coronary intervention with an implantation of either DES or bare-metal stent (BMS) in a single institution from April 2004 to December 2006, were included in the analysis. A propensity-score matching technique was applied to adjust and to minimize the impact of confounding factors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall, there were 1465 patients (20.2%) who had undergone an implantation of only BMS, and 5769 patients (79.8%) of only DES. The propensity-score matching technique set up 1321 pairs of patients for analysis. There were no significant differences between the rates of stent thrombosis (definite and probable) of the two groups (1.06% vs 1.21%, P = 0.8580). Although rates of mortality and myocardial infarction (MI) during the 2-year follow-up period had not differed significantly, rates of death/MI (3.0% vs 4.5%, P = 0.0263), target-lesion revascularization (TLR, 3.2% vs 8.5, P = 0.0001), target-vessel revascularization (TVR, 5.8% vs 9.5%, P < 0.0001) and any revascularization (10.0% vs 13.3%, P = 0.0066) were significantly lower for the DES group than for the BMS group. Among the patients in whom devices were implanted for off-label indications, the propensity-score matched rates of stent thrombosis, mortality, MI, and death/MI were not significantly different, while rates of TLR, TVR and any revascularization were significantly lower for the DES group than for the BMS group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During the 2 years of follow-up post stenting, DES use is associated with lower rates of death/MI, TLR, TVR and any revascularization, compared with BMS, in propensity-score matched Chinese patient populations. In the setting of off-label usage, DES use is also associated with similar advantages.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Mortality , Databases, Factual , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Myocardial Infarction , Mortality , Stents
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