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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734000

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of family education methods and parental rearing or not on the psychological problem tendency of primary school students.Methods The mental health test (MHT) was used on getting mental health data of the 2 838 primary school students from Dongguan city.Results (1) The results of MHT showed that 94.28% of primary school students had no psychological problems,the tendency rate of psychological problems was 4.29%,and 1.43% of them were suffering from serious psychological problems.Learning anxiety,physical symptoms and allergy tendency were more prominent.(2) The total MHT scores of primary school students with authoritarian,democratic,permissive and neglected family education methods were (34.84±14.58),(31.04±13.60),(35.19±12.82) and (41.19±13.10)respectively.There was no statistically significant difference in the terrorist tendency dimension scores of primary school students with different education methods (F=2.33,P=0.054),and the differences in the MHT total score and other dimensions were statistically significant (F=4.35-16.88,P<0.01).(3) There were statistically significant differences in the scores of the total score of psychological problem tendency,dimensions of learning anxiety,anxiety to people,allergy tendency and impulse tendency of primary school students who were parental rearing or not (t=2.09-3.67,P<0.05).However,there was no statistically significant difference in the dimensions of loneliness tendency,self-accusation tendency,physical symptoms and terrorist tendency (P>0.05).Conclusion Family education methods and parenting styles has a impact on the mental health of primary school students.

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