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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870545

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in the differential diagnosis of BK virus nephropathy (BKVN) in renal transplantation recipients.Methods:From 2014 to 2018, a total of 172 renal transplant recipients were recruited. Their peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were detected. According to the pathological puncture results of transplanted kidney, they were divided into acute rejection group (AR, n=68), BKVN group ( n=73) and stable graft function group (STA, n=31). The proportion and absolute number of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in each group were measured by flow cytometry and the proportion and absolute count of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in each group compared. Results:The proportion and absolute number of CD19 + B cells were markedly lower in BKVN group than those in AR group ( P=0.005, 0.003; 8.5% vs 13.2%, 0.094×10 9/L vs 0.202×10 9/L) and STA group ( P=0.005, 0.003; 8.5% vs 14.8%, 0.094×10 9/L vs 0.198×10 9/L); the proportion of CD3 + CD8 + T cells was significantly higher in BKVN group than that in AR group ( P=0.013; 36.9% vs 31.2%). In addition, no obvious difference existed in the proportion and absolute number of lymphocytes, CD3 + T, CD3 + CD4 + T and CD16 + CD56 + natural killer (NK) among three groups ( P>0.05). No obvious difference existed in the proportion of CD3 + CD4 + / CD3 + CD8 + T cells among three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:No difference exists in T cell-related lymphocyte subsets between BKVN and acute rejection recipients. However, the number and proportion of CD19 + B cells decrease markedly in BKVN.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796535

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical and prognostic features of lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) in renal allografts.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis was performed for two case of LPG in renal allografts. The onset time was 6 and 9 years after living transplantation respectively. Initial symptoms included proteinuria and hypoproteinemia. Color Doppler ultrasound showed an enlarged graft size and greater parenchymal echogenicity. One patient had hyperlipemia and elevated apolipoprotein E (ApoE). Methylprednisolone pulse was offered with an early control of hyperlipidaemia and proteinuria by fenofibrate and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs). Yet it had no effect on graft function. The definite diagnosis was made by graft biopsy. Pathological examination indicated non-homogeneous lipid deposition in glomerular capillary, glomerular sclerosis, mesangial hypercellularity and tubular atrophy.@*Results@#During a follow-up period of 8 and 10 years post-transplantation, two cases eventually lost their grafts within 2 and 1 year after biopsy respectively. With long-term dietary control and drug therapy, regular dialysis continued and both awaited a second transplantation.@*Conclusions@#LPG is generally steroid-resistant and refractory in renal allografts. And routine biopsy is recommended for patients with a high risk of occurrence. Early controls of hyperlipemia and hypoproteinemia and other risk factors should be also properly managed.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791860

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and prognostic features of lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) in renal allografts .Methods Retrospective analysis was performed for two case of LPG in renal allografts . The onset time was 6 and 9 years after living transplantation respectively . Initial symptoms included proteinuria and hypoproteinemia .Color Doppler ultrasound showed an enlarged graft size and greater parenchymal echogenicity .One patient had hyperlipemia and elevated apolipoprotein E (ApoE) . Methylprednisolone pulse was offered with an early control of hyperlipidaemia and proteinuria by fenofibrate and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) . Yet it had no effect on graft function .The definite diagnosis was made by graft biopsy .Pathological examination indicated non-homogeneous lipid deposition in glomerular capillary ,glomerular sclerosis , mesangial hypercellularity and tubular atrophy .Results During a follow-up period of 8 and 10 years post-transplantation , two cases eventually lost their grafts within 2 and 1 year after biopsy respectively .With long-term dietary control and drug therapy , regular dialysis continued and both awaited a second transplantation .Conclusions LPG is generally steroid-resistant and refractory in renal allografts .And routine biopsy is recommended for patients with a high risk of occurrence .Early controls of hyperlipemia and hypoproteinemia and other risk factors should be also properly managed .

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 251-255, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709514

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinicopathologic characteristics of polyomavirus nephropathy (PyVN) in renal transplantation.Methods Clinicopathological data from 101 cases of PyVN from January 2006 to October 2016 in our hospital were collected and analyzed retrospectively.There were 72 males and 29 females.The mean time from operation to the diagnosis of PyVN was 16.5 months (2.2-63.9 months),with 86 cases (85.1%) occurring within 2 years.The indications for biopsy included elevated serum creatinine in 81 cases (80.2%),elevated serum creatinine with proteinuria in 13 (12.9%) cases,active BK virus(BKV) infection in 5 cases (5.0%) and proteinuria in 2 cases (2.0%).Results BK viruia was detected in 98 (97.0%) recipients with viral loads of 1.5 × 109 (0-9.0 × 1011) copies/ml,and BK viremia in 80 (79.2%) recipients with viral loads of 1.8 × 104 (0-2.1 × 107) copies/ml.5 patients lost their graft function at biopsy and the other 96 patients reserved graft function with serum creatinine of 187.0 μmol/L.After 20.1 (3.7-109.6) months of follow-up,19 (18.8%) patients lost their graft function.The average serum creatinine of the 77 patients with graft function was 165.0 μmol/L,with no statistical difference (P > 0.05) compared with that of patients at diagnosis.There were 18 cases of stage A,72 cases of stage B and 11 cases of stage C with 5-year allograft cumulative survival of 92.9%,82.8% and 55.6%,respectively.Conclusions PyVN can occur within 5 years after renal transplantation,mostly within 2 years.The typical clinical manifestations include elevated serum creatinine,BK viruia and BK viremia.The severe the histopathological lesions were correlated the worse the clinical prognosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755893

ABSTRACT

Objective JC virus (JCV) infection is more common than BK virus (BKV) in general population.Systematic studies on the characteristics of JC virus nephropathy (JCVN) in renal transplant recipients are lacking.Therefore,we summarize 4 cases of JCVN in renal transplant recipients,which were diagnosed in our center in recent 10 years.Methods 165 cases of polyomavirus nephropathy (PVN) were diagnosed in our center from 2007 to 2017.Four cases of JCVN were diagnosed through the negative BKV but high JCV load in urine or blood,and positive SV40-T in the biopsy samples.Meanwhile,clinicopathological data were collected.Results At pathological diagnosis documented (87 ± 41 months after transplantation):the median levels of urinary decoy cells and JCV DNA in urine were 1/10 HPF and 5.35 × 108 copies/mL,respectively;only one patient's JC viremia was positive with 327 copies/mL.The mean level of serum creatinine (Scr) was 144 μmol/L,and the mean level of 24-h urinary protein was 0.94 g.Immunohistological staining showed SV40-T positive region of the 4 cases were all in the renal medulla.Other coexisting pathological features included IgA nephropathy in 2 patients,and suspicious chronic active antibody mediated rejection in one patients.In the latest follow-up,1 recipient got graft dysfunction while the others were in good function,the mean level of serum creatinine was 134μmol/L.Conclusion The difference between BK virus nephropathy and JCVN is that most of the JCVN are diagnosed in the late stage after kidney transplantation,the level of serum creatinine is not so high,viremia is very rare,and virus induced graft injury is not so significant.The overall prognosis of JCVN is relatively good.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734819

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the pathological characteristics of polyomavirus-associated nephropathy combined with acute rejection after renal transplantation.Methods The pathological data of 172 patients diagnosed as having polyomavirus nephropathy in our hospital from 2007 to 2018 were reviewed.Results One hundred and seventy-two patients were diagnosed as having polyomavirus nephropathy without acute rejection for the first time.In 75 (43.6%,75/172) patients who received repeat biopsy,10 (5.8%,10/172) patients developed acute rejection with an average interval of 4.8 ± 3.3 months.Common pathological features included:renal tubular epithelial cells virus inclusions reduced or even disappeared or only hyperchromatic nuclei revealed,SV40-T antigen (70%,7/10) staining negative or decreased significantly (30%,3/10),and varying degrees of interstitial inflammation,tubulitis,interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy.Four patients developed acute T cell-mediated rejection (Banff ⅡA),revealing aggravating tubulitis and interstitial inflammation in the area of negative SV40-T antigen (70%,7/10) staining,as well as mild endarteritis.Three patients developed acute antibody-mediated rejection,revealing glomerulitis and peritubular capillaritis and positive panel reactive antibody.Only 1 patient revealed C4d deposition of peritubular capillaries.Two patients developed mixed rejection,revealing tubulitis,interstitial inflammation,glomerulitis,peritubular capillaritis,mild endarteritis and C4d deposition of peritubular capillaries.One patient developed suspicious T cell-mediated rejection (Banff IB),revealing aggravating tubulitis and interstitial inflammation in the non-fibrotic areas but without intimal arteritis.Besides,the positive SV40-T antigen (70%,7/10) staining area was reduced significantly.Conclusion The pathological characteristics of polyomavirus nephropathy combined with acute rejection include endarteritis,glomerulitis,peritubular capillaritis and C4d deposition of peritubular capillaries.It is difficult to distinguish polyomavirus nephropathy from Banff I T cell-mediated rejection.Clinical information and repeat biopsy results are helpful for differential diagnosis.

7.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2016; 29 (4 [Supp.]): 1437-1441
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-181748

ABSTRACT

As one of the most important treatment strategies in clinic, surgery has improved to be more and more efficient and safe. However, the infection risk of incision caused by surgery is still the main concern of patients. In our research, we found extract of Rheum rhabarbarum [rhubarb] could be used to diminish this risk through promoting the healing of the incision. Using MTT assay, flow cytometry and clinical statics, we also tried to explore the mechanism of rhubarb's effect. The data showed that rhubarb extract decreased the number of leukocytesand neutrophils and inhibited the growth of bacteria. Moreover, the vascular endothelial cells cultured in medium containing rhubarb extract grow faster than control. The flow cytometry also demonstrates that the ratio of cells in S and G2/M phase increase after treated with rhubarb extract. There after, we hypothesize that rhubarb extract can promote incision healing through relieving inflammation and stimulating angiogenesis

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515445

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize experience and prognosis of repeat renal transplantation after graft loss due to BK virus nephropathy (BKVN).Methods The clinical data of 4 adult patients undergoing repeat transplantation after previous allograft loss due to BKVN were collected and analyzed retrospectively.Results Three of four patients had documented allograft loss caused by BKVN and underwent retransplantation 5 months,9 months and 9 months respectively after hemodialysis with confirmed clearance of viremia.Allograft nephrectomy was performed on 1 of 3 patients 4 months before retransplantation.Maintenance immunosuppression was CsA + MMF + Pred,Tac + MMF + Pred and CsA + Pred in these 3 patients respectively.During the follow-up period of 9 months,5 months and 26 months,viremia kept negative and allografts function stabled normally without recurrence of BKVN.The cause of allograft loss was not illustrated in the other patient before retransplantation,which was performed without dialysis or allograft nephrectomy.BK virus was not monitored routinely after the operation.Four months later,his serum creatinine rose up to 400μmol/L and BKVN recurrence was proved by pathological analysis of the biopsy samples of the first and the second transplantation.Tac was switched to CsA and his serum creatinine declined to 260 μnol/L at 20th month.Conclusion Retransplantation can be performed on the patients with previous allograft loss due to BKVN.Allograft nephrectomy,clearance of viremia,monitoring BK virus and timely adjustment of immunosuppression were the keys to guarantee successful retransplantation.

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