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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911289


Objective:To evaluate the effect of intra-articular injection of different concentrations of ozonated water on articular cartilage of rabbits with osteoarthritis (OA).Methods:Twenty-four clean-grade New Zealand white rabbits of both sexes, weighing 2.0-3.0 kg, aged 6 months, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), OA group, low concentration ozonated water group (L group) and high concentration ozonated water group (H group). The OA model was established by intra-articular injection of papain.At 2 weeks after the model was successfully established, 10.0 and 20.0 μg/ml ozonated water 1.0 ml was injected into the knee joint of rabbits in L and H groups, respectively, and 0.9% sodium chloride solution 1.0 ml was injected once a week, 3 times in total in OA group.At 1 week after the last injection, the cartilage tissue of the knee joint was removed and stained with toluidine blue for evaluation of Mankin score (under light microscope). The activity of caspase-3 in chondrocyte was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results:Compared with group C, the Mankin score and caspase-3 activity were significantly increased in the other 3 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group OA, the Mankin score and caspase-3 activity were significantly decreased in group L and group H ( P<0.05). Compared with group L, the Mankin score was significantly increased, and the activity of caspase-3 was decreased in group H ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Injecting ozonated water 10.0 μg/ml and 20.0 μg/ml into the knee joint cavity both can inhibit the apoptosis in chondrocytes and reduce the damage to articular cartilage, however, high concentration of ozonated water can cause the denaturation of the articular cartilage matrix in rabbits with OA.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823423


@#Objective    To investigate the correlation between histological subtypes of invasive lung adenocarcinoma and epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation, and to provide a reference for clinical prediction of EGFR gene mutation status. Methods    From October 2017 to May 2019, 102 patients with invasive lung adenocarcinoma were collected, including 58 males and 44 females aged 62 (31-84) years. Invasive lung adenocarcinoma was classified into different histological subtypes. Scorpion probe amplification block mutation system (ARMS) real-time PCR was used to detect the mutation of EGFR gene in adenocarcinoma specimens, and the relationship between invasive lung adenocarcinoma subtypes and EGFR mutation status was analyzed. Results    In 102 patients with invasive lung adenocarcinoma, EGFR gene mutations were detected in 68 patients, and the mutation rate was 66.7% (68/102). The mutation sites were mainly concentrated in the exons 19 and 21; the mutation rate was higher in female patients (34/44, 77.3%) and non-smokers (34/58, 58.6%). EGFR mutation was mostly caused by acinar-like invasive lung adenocarcinoma, and was rare in solid-type lung adenocarcinoma. The EGFR gene mutation rates in different subtypes of adenocarcinoma were statistically different (P<0.05). Conclusion    The EGFR mutation status is related to gender, smoking status and histological subtype of invasive lung adenocarcinoma. EGFR mutation rates are higher in female, non-smoking and acinar-like invasive lung adenocarcinoma patients, and are lower in patients with solid type lung adenocarcinoma.

Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 115-120, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745218


Objective To improve the recognition and knowledge of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) related male infertility through investigation for MRI characteristics of this disease. Methods Fourteen patients confirmed with ADPKD related obstructive azoospermia were retrospectively analyzed. All patients referred to clinic with male infertility, and obstructive azoospermia were additionally confirmed by laboratory tests and clinical examination. Subsequent abdominopelvic MR examinations were performed to comfirm obstructive factors and obstructive location. All patients were performed an abdominopelvic MR examination including non-enhanced and enhanced MR. MR imaging characteristics were analyzed and summarized by two experienced radiologists. Results MRI results for all cases were classified into 4 groups:10 cases with bilateral polycystic kidneys and bilateral seminal vesicle cysts, 2 cases with bilateral polycystic kidneys, polycystic liver and bilateral seminal vesicle cysts, 1 case with bilateral polycystic kidneys, polycystic liver and absence of bilateral seminal vesicles, 1 case with bilateral cystic kidneys, bilateral seminal vesicle cysts as well as Müllerian duct cyst. A wide range of coronal T2WI scan was necessary to observe cystic lesions in both liver and bilateral kidneys as well as abnormal changes in pelvis. The obstructive sites in all cases were located in level from ejaculatory duct to seminal vesicle. Bilateral seminal vesicle cysts presented as significantly dilated glandular ducts of seminal vesicles, in which flocculence or nodular sediment can be found. Conclusion Male infertility caused by ADPKD-related deferential duct obstrution is characterized by bilateral polycystic kidney disease and Seminal vesicle ejaculatory duct obstruction in MRI, which can be combined with other abnormalities.