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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of continuous infusion of low-dose intravenous (Ⅳ) heparin during perioperative period of simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation for donation after citizen death (DCD) donor to prevent pancreatic thrombosis post-transplantation.Methods:From January 2015 to August 2019, 46 DCD donors undergoing SPK were divided into retrospective cohort groups 1 ( n=27) and 2 ( n=19). Group 1 received aspirin enteric-coated tablets only at Day 1 post-SPK. In Group 2, 5-7 days of continuous infusion of heparin 260 IU per hour at Day 1 post-SPK was followed by a daily intake of aspirin enteric-coated tablets of 100 mg. Incidence of thrombus, recovery of graft function and adverse reactions of anticoagulant therapy were observed. Results:Thrombosis occurred in (5.3%, 1/19 vs 14.8%, 4/27) in heparin and non-heparin groups. Thrombosis and graft loss were significantly lower in heparin group than those in non-heparin group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Continuous infusion of low-dose heparin vein is effective and safe in preventing thrombosis after SPK transplantation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911634

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect of hypothermia plus extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO)on kidney in brain-dead kidney transplant donors.Methods:From July 2017 to July 2018 at Institute of Transplantation Medicine, Hospital No. 923 of PLA, 29 patients with circulatory dysfunction brain death donors fulfilling the organ donation criteria were randomly divided into sub-hypothermia group according to the treatment of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(body temperature 34.0~35.0℃, 15 cases)and normal temperature group(36.5~37.5℃, 14 cases). Hemodynamic profiles and renal function changes were compared between two groups during ECMO.And renal complications of two groups were followed up.Results:The hemodynamic parameters of two groups remained stable during ECMO period.Heart rate of 5 MO-organs was lower in hypothermia group than that in normal temperature group( P<0.05). Systolic and diastolic pressures before ECMO 3 h-organ acquisition were higher than normal temperature group( P<0.05). No significant difference existed between PaO 2 and normal temperature groups( P>0.05). Donor serum creatinine(SCr)and blood urea nitrogen(BUN)were lower in hypothermia group than in normal temperature group( P<0.05). The postoperative recipient levels of BUN were lower in mild hypothermia group than those in normothermia group( P<0.05)and no significant difference between SCr and normal temperature groups( P>0.05). The postoperative hospital stay was(16.52±3.59)days in mild hypothermia group. And it was lower than that in normal temperature group( P<0.05). Delayed renal function was lower than normal temperature group(3.45% and 21.43%, P<0.05). Conclusions:Mild hypothermia plus ECMO can reduce hemodynamic fluctuations in circulatory unstable donors after brain death, improve renal function and lower the incidence of delayed functional recovery after renal transplantation.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 395-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821549

ABSTRACT

Organ shortage is one of the important factors restricting the development of human organ transplantation. The identification and referral of potential donors determine the total scale of organ donation. Whether potential donors can be identified and referred is the most important reason for the difference of organ donation rates in different regions. This paper interprets the chapter of the identification and referral of potential donors in the Guide to the Quality and Safety of Organs for Transplantation (6th edition) issued by European Union in order to provide reference for the staff of organ procurement organization and related medical personnel in China and improve the organ donation rate in China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755158

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of salvage liver transplantation ( SLT) versus repeat hepatectomy (RH) in post-hepatectomy recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods Data from 1 January 1990 to 31 July 2018 were retrieved from the Cochrane library, PubMed, EMbase, Wan Fang Data, CBM, CNKI, VIP and other databases. The collected publications were all on case-control studies comparing SLT with RH for post-hepatectomy recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma. The literatures’ quality and the data of each study were evaluated and analyzed using RevMan. Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used. Results Five articles which included 525 patients were enrolled. There were no signifi-cant differences between SLT and RH on the 1-, 3-and 5-year overall survival (P>0. 05 for all). Howev-er, for the 1-year (RR=2. 86, 95% CI: 1. 37~5. 97, P<0. 05), 3-year (RR=2. 57, 95% CI: 0. 99~6. 70, P=0. 05), and 5-year disease-free survivals (RR=4. 79, 95% CI: 1. 88~12. 25, P<0. 05), PLT was significantly better than RH. Conclusion The effectiveness of SLT was superior to RH in the treatment of post-heptectomy recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma. However, considering the similar overall survival rates, RH is still an important treatment option for post-hepatectomy recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma because of liver donor shortage.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755895

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of sirolimus (SRL) after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods The information up to January 2018 was retrieved from Cochrane library,Pubmed,EMbase,CBM,CNKI,VIP.Collected publications were all about casecontrol study of SRL versus calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) after liver transplantation for HCC.After evaluating the literatures' quality and extracting the data,RevMan 5.3 was used to analyze the data of each study.Results A total of 13 articles including 4181 patients were enrolled.There was no significant difference between SRL and CNIs in 3 and 5 year diseasefree survival (RR=1.13,95%CI:0.97-1.31,P=0.11;RR=1.07,95%CI:0.92-1.24,P=0.37),however,the 1-,3-and 5-year overall survival rate and 1-year disease-free survival rate in SRL were significantly higher than CNIs (RR=1.09,95%CI.:1.03-1.15,P=0.005;RR=1.08,95%CI:1.02-1.14,P =0.006;RR =1.11,95%CI:1.00-1.23,P =0.05;RR=1.14,95%CI:1.05-1.24,P =0.001).Conclusion There was no significant difference between SRL and CNIs in 3-and 5-year disease-free survival,but the 1-,3-and 5-year overall rate and 1-year disease-free survival rate in SRL was significantly higher than in CNIs.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710666

ABSTRACT

Objective By analyzing the perioperative management in our hospital to explore the clinical effect and safety of single kidney transplantation from deceased juveniles' donors.Methods We retrospectively analyze 86 cases of kidney transplantations from deceased juveniles' donors in our hospital from 2007 December to 2015 August.Results The success rate of the operations was 100%.The postoperative complications occurred as fellows:7 cases of acute rejection (8.14%);10 cases of drug intoxication (11.62%);21 cases of DGF (24.44%),4 cases of leakage of urine (4.65%),7 cases of lung infection (8.14%).Two cases (2.32%) died after the operation because of serious lung infection,and by corresponding treatment 47 cases recovered after 2-4 weeks.The creatinine level in 37 cases without any complications was 131.88 ± 44.20 μmol/L during discharge.Conclusion With strict selection,the organ from a deceased juvenile donor is safe and practicable.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710651

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of conversion from mycophenolic acid (MPA) to mizoribine (MZR) in renal transplant recipients with gastrointestinal tract (GI) symptoms.Methods A total of 355 renal transplant recipients with GI symptoms caused by MPA administration were enrolled from April 2015 to March 2017 in 25 different renal transplant centers in China.The symptomatic improvement of GI before (baseline) and after conversion to MZR (1,2,4 weeks) was assessed by each item of GI symptoms indication.In addition,the efficacy and safety of the conversion therapy during 12 months were determined.Results Patients showed improvement in GI symptoms including diarrhea,abdominal pain,abdominal distention and stomachache after conversion to MZR 1,2,4 weeks (P<0.05).In patients with different severity of diarrhea,conversion to MZR therapy significantly improved diarrhea (P<0.05).During 12 months,no patient experienced clinical immune rejection.We did not observe any infections,leucopenia and other serious side effects.Conclusion MZR could markedly improve GI symptoms caused by MPA administration in renal transplant recipients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710646

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of single bolus high dose (SD group) ATG-Fresenius induction therapy in kidney transplantation vs.multiple low dose (MD group) administration.Methods A multiple center,prospective,randomized and controlled clinical study was performed on 280 de novo renal transplant recipients from 19 centers.Patients were randomized into 2 groups as follows:SD group,a single high dose (7-9 mg/kg) of ATG-F infused as an induction agent before the vessel anastomoses;MD group,2 mg/kg of ATG-F daily administrated in postoperative 4 days.All the patients accepted maintenance immunosuppressive protocol including tacrolimus,mycophenolate and prednisone.Patients were assessed and data were collected at regular schedule clinic visits on the day 1,3,7,14,30,90,180,270 and 365.The primary end point of efficacy was therapeutic failure rate [the number of death,grafts loss and acute rejection (AR)].The event first occurred should be used in the classification of patients.The non-inferiority evaluation of the two treatment regimens was done based on treatment failure rate.The secondary end points of efficacy were the incidence of AR,delayed graft function (DGF),1-year survival rate of patients and grafts,and serum creatinine at each visiting point.The indicators for safety evaluation included hemotologic variation and incidence of adverse events.Results The therapeutic failure rate in SD group was non-inferior to the MD group (17.24% vs.23.08%).AR was the major cause of therapeutic failure and there was similar incidence of AR between SD gronp and MD group (12.07% vs.21.37%).There was no significant difference in the incidence of DGF between SD group and MD group (12.07% vs.6.84%,P =0.1721).The 1-year patient's survival rate and 1-year graft survival rate in SD group and MD group showed no significant difference (96.55% vs.98.29%,P =0.6714;94.83% vs 98.29%,P =0.2750).The serum creatinine level showed no significant differences between two groups at each visit point.There was also no significant difference in total incidence of adverse events between the two groups.In addition,there was also no statistically significant difference in the incidence of concerned and drug-related adverse events between the two groups,including infection,hemotologic abnormality,liver or renal dysfunction,gastrointestinal disorder,etc.After ATG--F administration,peripheral blood lymphocytes in the SD and the MD group immediately decreased but nearly restored to the normal level on the postoperative day 30 and 90 respectively.No severe granulocytopenia,erythropenia or thrombocytopenia occurred in both two groups.Conclusion The efficacy and safety of single high dose of ATG-F induction are non-inferior to multiple low dose ATG-F induction,moreover,single high dose of ATG-F induction is administered more conveniently and economically.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 91-96, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278557

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical and histopathologic features of post-transplant kidney biopsy tissues from pediatric C-III donors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and pathologic features of 20 cases (22 case-times) of renal transplant biopsies from pediatric cadaveric donors were analyzed by light microscopy and immunohistochemistry according to the Banff system of working classification of renal allograft pathology. Biopsies were compared to those from adult C-III donors and adult cadaveric donors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sixteen cases (72.7%) showed renal allograft drug toxicity damage by Tacrolimus, seven cases (31.8%) showed degeneration and necrosis of renal tubular epithelial cells, four cases (18.2%) showed T cell-mediated acute rejection and six cases (27.3%) showed renal interstitial inflammation. There were two cases (9.1%) of renal dysplasia and one case (4.5%) of renal infarction. There was insufficient evidence for diagnosis of renal allograft nephropathy. Compared to post-transplant kidney from adult C-III donors, the proportion of drug toxicity damage was higher (P<0.05). Compared to post-transplant kidney from adult cadavers, the proportions of drug toxicity damage, degeneration and necrosis of renal tubular epithelial cells were higher (P<0.05) while the proportion of acute rejection was lower (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The pathologic changes in the post-transplant kidneys from pediatric donors are different from those from adult donors. Optimal long-term outcome can be accomplished by effective treatment based on timely or procedural biopsy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Biopsy , Cadaver , Child , Graft Rejection , Pathology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Immunosuppressive Agents , Infarction , Pathology , Kidney , Pathology , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney Tubules , Pathology , Necrosis , Tacrolimus , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515508

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the short-term results of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPK) at a single center in China.Methods SPK was performed on 12 consecutive patients from Jan.2010 to July 2014.All patients had long-standing insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and subsequent renal failure.Bladder drainage (BD) of exocrine secretion was used in the 10 cases and enteric drainage (ED) in 2 patients.The patients were treated with quadruple therapy,which included ATG or anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody induction therapy,prednisone,tacrolimus and mycophenolat-mofetil (MMF).Results The SPK was performed successfully in 10 cases.One patient accepted re-pancreas transplantation due to necrotizing pancreatitis.One patient suffered hemorrhage of bladder,accepted 3 times of embolization therapy and died due to lung infection.Ten patients achieved excellent renal function and euglycemia,and no further insulin treatment was given in 9.5 ± 4.2 days posttransplant.Fasting plasma glucose returned to normal in 14.2 ± 5.1 days.Serum creatinine returned to normal in 10.4 ± 6.5 days.The mean hospital stay was 21.4 ± 7.3 days.One biopsy-proven renal rejection episodes occurred in 14 days postoperation.Main complications included wound infections on the side of pancreatic graft,lymphorrhagia,tacrolimus toxicity and urinary tract infection.Conclusion SPK is an effective therapy of ESRD.Donated graft protection system foundation,refinement and individualized treatment posttransplantion may be the key factors for successful SPK.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494663

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Delayed graft function (DGF) occurs frequently in kidney transplants from donation after cardiac death if creatinine level is high in kidney recipients. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the clinical effects of renal transplantation with kidneys from donors dying of cardiac death in organophosphate poisoning. METHODS:Data were col ected from kidney transplants from two donors dying of cardiac death in organophosphate poisoning. After some donor maintenance, donor organ were obtained and perfused with impulse type machine. Recipients were treated with intervention of immunity induction, anti-rejection drugs and infection prevention drugs during and after renal transplantation. Pathological data of donor kidney zero needle biopsy, DGF after kidney transplantation, complication rate (such as acute rejection), renal al ograft recovery situation, the survival rate of recipients and kidney transplants were col ected and analyzed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Needle biopsy results from four donor kidneys showed that glomerular morphology was normal, but there were edema and degeneration in kidney tubules in some degree. Donor DGF rate was 75%(3/4), acute rejection rate was 0%(0/4), perioperative period donor kidney and recipient survival rate were 100%(4/4). Al recipients showed a good result of transplanted kidney, their creatinine and urea nitrogen were at low level, and had no proteinuria. One recipient died of severe pulmonary infection 4 months after surgery. For some organophosphate poisoning donors dying of cardiac death, donor kidney quality can be improved by suitable donor maintenance and high-quality donor kidney preservation using machine perfusion. Kidney transplants from donors dying of cardiac death in organophosphate poisoning who receive the maintenance of organ function may be a promising candidate for renal transplantation due to a severe lack of kidney donor sources.

12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1110-1114, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269789

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of acupuncture-moxibustion on chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) and explore the methods of acupoint selection along meridian for transplanted-kidney-related diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 180 patients of CAN were randomized into a syndrome differentiation group, a spleen-meridian group, a kidney-meridian group and a control group, 45 cases in each one. A total of 33 cases dropped out before the end of the study, including 8 cases in the syndrome differentiation group, 12 cases in the spleen-meridian group, 13 cases in the kidney-meridian group and no case in the control group. Patients in the control group were treated with conventional western medicine; based on this, patients in other three groups were treated with acupuncture-moxibustion. In the syndrome differentiation group, Qihai (CV 6), Hegu (LI 4), Guanyuan (CV 4), Feishu (BL 13), Shenshu (BL 23), etc. were selected for qi deficiency of lung and kidney; Qihai (CV 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Taixi (KI 3), Yinlingquan (SP 9), etc. were selected for deficiency of qi and yin; Ganshu (BL 18), Shenshu (BL 23), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Taixi (KI 3), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Ququan (LR 8), etc. were selected for yin deficiency of liver and kidney; Zhongji (CV 3), Guanyuan (CV 4), Mingmen (GV 4), Guanyuanshu (BL 26), etc. were selected for yang deficiency of spleen and kidney. In addition, Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Diji (SP 8), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Xuehai (SP 10), etc. were added in the spleen-meridian group; Taixi (KI 3), Zhaohai (KI 6), Fuliu (KI 7), Ciliao (BL 32), etc: were added in the kidney-meridian group. Serum creatinine (Scr), creatinine clearance (Ccr) and 24-hour urinary protein before and after the treatment were com- pared among the four groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, 24-hour urinary protein in the acupuncture-moxibustion groups and control group were all reduced (all P < 0.05); compared before treatment, the Scr in the spleen-meridian group was significantly reduced (P < 0.05); the difference of Ccr before and after treatment was insignificant in all the groups (all P > 0.05). Compared with the control group, 24-hour urinary protein in spleen-meridian group could relieve or recover the damage of transplant kidney induced by CAN. A new interlink may be established between the transplanted kidneys and the spleen meridians, indicating that transplanted kidney-related diseases can be treated by selecting acupoints of spleen meridian.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Aged , Allografts , Female , Graft Rejection , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Male , Meridians , Middle Aged , Moxibustion , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Therapeutics , Transplantation, Homologous
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464349

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide references for enriching and innovating patterns of TCM syndrome differentiation by exploring the relationship between pathological changes and TCM syndrome differentiation of delayed graft function (DGF) after renal transplantation. Methods Totally 57 patients with DGF after renal transplantation who were diagnosed by pathological biopsy were also diagnosed by TCM doctors to obtain TCM syndromes. And the pathological diagnoses were compared with the distribution of TCM syndromes to discuss the relationship between them. Results All the patients were classified into four TCM syndromes:spleen-kidney qi deficiency, liver-kidney yin deficiency, qi-stagnation and blood stasis, and deficiency of both qi and yin. The results of pathological biopsy were as follows:acute tubular necrosis, calcineurin inhibitor toxicity and acute rejection. Quantitative corresponding relation was found between the pathological diagnoses and the TCM syndromes. Conclusion There are inner links between pathological diagnosis and TCM syndromes of DGF, which can be references for diagnosis and treatment of TCM syndrome differentiation.

14.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 741-744, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the ethical significance of the extracorporeal circulation membrane oxy-genation ( ECMO) in the donation organ transplantation .Methods: Analyzing the data of ECMO protected to the organ in 13 donors after brain death , Accounting the rising costs which caused by ECMO and make the interview to the patients and family members .Results:In the period of ECMO flow , the hemodynamic of the DBD donors be-come stable gradually , the medications reduced significantly or stop , the function of organs was restored .There were 38 organs can be used for the transplantation which were proven by the pathological biopsy .Twenty six kid-neys were transplanted to 26 recipients and liver transplantation was performed in 12 recipients.All transplantations were successfully completed .Medical cost of this patients increase 5.3%, all of the family members and patients can accept the intervention of ECMO .Conclusion:ECMO is an effective method to protect and improve the utili-zation rate of the organ .the improvement of the related technical standards , legal, laws and ethics of staff will pro-mote to the development of organ transplantation .

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418533

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the common causes leading to lung infection following renal transplantation and provide targeted preventive measures to reduce the incidence of lung infection.Methods The clinical data of 561 recipients who underwent renal transplantation from January 2006 to February 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.The recipients were divided into two groups:group Ⅰ,from January 2006 to December 2009 (n =416) ; group Ⅱ,from January 2010 to February 2011 (n =145).The causes possibly leading to lung infection which took place 3 days before the appearance of the clinical symptoms were offered by the patients who suffered lung infection of group Ⅰ.And then the causes were summarized and analyzed to formulate the specific and comprehensive measures to prevent the infection.Finally the measures were applied to recipients in group Ⅱ from January 2010.After applying the measures for 14 months,the incidence of lung infection in group Ⅱ was counted and compared with that in group Ⅰ to see the preventive effect.Results There were 58 cases of lung infection in group Ⅰ (58/416,13.9%) and 12 cases in group Ⅱ (12/145,8.3%). There was significant difference in the incidence of lung infection between two groups (x2 =4.0361,P<0.05).All of the recipients with lung infection were hospitalized in six months after the transplantation.The causes leading to lung infection of 58 cases in group Ⅰ were as follows:6 cases due to being excessively tired,3 cases due to guest visiting,12 cases due to abrupt change of weather,9 cases due to exposure to public place,8 cases due to returning to hospital,6 cases due to close contact with children,5 cases due to close contact with animals,and the other 9 cases without specific causes found.Conclusion The incidence of lung infection following renal transplantation can be notably reduced by the application of targeted and concrete health propaganda education and preventive measures based on analysis on the specific causes of infection.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430944

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the benefits of ECMO for potential organ donors with hemodynamic instability after brain death.Methods Three brain-dead potential donors who presented with hemodynamic instability despite maximal medical management,finished a declaration of brain death,that were supported by extracorporeal circulation membrane oxygenation (ECMO).Results Donor organs,including six kidneys,and two livers,were harvested from the three donors under ECMO support,leading to 8 successful transplantations.The organs functioned well and the recipients made full recoveries.Conclusion Our experience indicates that ECMO allows for the maintenance of abdominal organ tissue perfusion without warm ischemia before organ procurement,providing sufficient time for safe organ donation procedures and reducing the risk of unpredictable cardiac arrest that could result in the donor death and graft loss.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424236

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changes of islet cell apoptosis and oxidation-antioxidation before the transplantation, and to explore the pathways of islet protection. Methods Fifteen human pancreases were perfused with the Hanks solution containing collagenase, then digested and isolated. During the procedure, islet cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL, SOD and MDA in the pancreas were measured by colorimetric method, and the morphologic changes were observed by H-E staining and dithizone staining. Results In the procedure of human islet isolation, especially in the stage of digestion, the apoptosis of human islet cells occurred. In the stages of perfusion and digestion, the MDA contents reached the high levels (6. 18 ± 2. 38 and 9. 21 ± 2. 75 umol/mg protein respectively),and the structures of the islets and tissues around the islets were damaged. Conclusion In the stages of perfusion and digestion, apoptosis of islet cells can be caused by oxidation. It suggests that antioxidation is a pathway for protection of islets before transplantation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403591

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Security of organ donor attracts more attention, because donor complication and transplantation failure always occur following renal transplantation. Therefore, living-related kidney transplantation should be paid much attention in order to make sure life and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety of living-related kidney transplantation. METHODS: A total of 38 cases of living relative donor kidney transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Before transplantation, identify of patients should be determined, and all patients provided the informed consent. The general data of patients were sufficiently dialyzed before transplantation to improve the body status. TacroUmus or mixture of cyclosporine A, mycophenolate, and adrenal cortex hormone were administrated following transplantation to observe renal function, complication incidence, and acute rejection reaction. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Due to short waiting time, low price, and long-term survival rate, living-relative donor kidney transplantation has low risk factor, s for donor. However, the safety still needs to be sufficiently evaluated for donors and recipients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387177

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe into the clinical features, ways of diagnosis and treatment measures of concurrent paratyphoid fever A after renal transplantation. Methods The 5 patients were all town or village people under the county level. After the operation, the immunosuppressive scheme of ciclosporin A (or Tacrolimus) + mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) + prednisone acetate was adopted. One case was caused by catching cold and the rest 4 had no any distinct inducement. Five patients fell ill respectively at the 5th, 7th, 7th, 9th and 14th month after the operation. On the admission, the 5 patients suffered from gastrointestinal symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea to varying degrees; 3 from toxic symptoms such as fever, intolerance of cold, hypodynamia and headache; 3 from symptoms of the respiratory system such as stuffy nose and congestion of throat; 1 from elevation of blood pressure; 1 from relative slow pulse. In 3 patients with decrease of urine volume, 1 suffered from gross hematuria, swelling of transplanted area of the kidney, pain on pressure and rise of blood pressure. Only 1 patient's paratyphoid fever A antibody in the Widal's test gastroenteritis or untoward reaction of MMF and the curative effect was bad. After definite diagnoses,the combined treatment of the third-generation cephalosporin and FQNS were given to all of them.After treatment for 7-10 days, the symptoms in all patients all disappeared. During the treatment, 1 patient was diagnosed as acute rejection and given the methylprednisolone shock for 3 days. After that, the patient's graft function was improved; 3 patients suffered from relatively great fluctuation of blood concentration of immunosuppressive agent and toxic symptoms such as decrease of the graft function, etc. After adjustment of dosage, their indicators of renal function became normal. Conclusion Early symptoms and accessory examinations of paratyphoid fever A after renal transplantation lack specificities. Diagnosis of paratyphoid fever A after renal transplantation mainly depends on blood culture. Drugs of first choice include FQNS and the third-generation cephalosporin. During the treatment, the doctor should closely monitor blood concentration of the immunosuppressive agent.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544406

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively detect intragraft and peripheral blood monocyte cells (PBMCs) perforin mRNA,and analysis the relationship between acute rejection and perforin mRNA. Methods In the allograft group Wistar and male SD rats were used as donors and recipients.SD rats served as donors and recipients in the isograft group.The graft specimens were harvested 5 days postoperatively.They were examined histologically after sectioning and staining with hematoxylin and eosin,Masson’s trichrome, periodic acid-Schiff reagent and periodic acidsilver metheramine.And then the fluorescent quantitative PCR was employed to measure the intragraft and PBMCs expression level of perforin mRNA. Results The histological scores in allograft and isograft kidney samples were 2~5 (3.43?0.98) and 0~1 (0.71?0.49)(P

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