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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the changes of metamorphopsia in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) who underwent primary vitrectomy and to analyze the correlation between macular microstructure changes and metamorphopsia.Methods:It was a retrospective clinical study. From January 2017 to January 2019, 57 patients (57 eyes) with RRD were examined and diagnosed in the Department of Ophthalmology of Baoding First Central Hospital were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent 23G PPV. All patients had retinal anatomical reduction after the first PPV. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure, slit-lamp microscope, indirect ophthalmoscope, changes of metamorphopsia, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were examined before PPV and 1, 6, 12 months after the operation. The BCVA examination was performed using the international standard visual acuity chart, which was converted into a logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) BCVA for the record. The macular fovea retinal thickness (CRT) was measured by Carl Zeiss Cirrus HD-OCT5000 instrument from Carl Zeiss Company, Germany, and the microstructural changes in the macular area were recorded, including the presence of the anterior macular membrane (ERM), cystic macular edema (CME), subretinal fluid (SRF), and the integrity of the ellipsoid zone (EZ) and outer membrane (ELM). The value of metamorphopsia (M value) was measured by the M-Chart table. The changes of BCVA, M value, and the microstructure of the macular area before and after operation were analyzed. The correlation between BCVA and M value was analyzed by Pearson correlation. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the changes of macular microstructure and BCVA and M values.Results:The mean logMAR BCVA before the operation was 1.15±0.43. At 1, 6, and 12 months after the operation, the mean logMAR BCVA was 0.62±0.17, 0.39±0.18, and 0.34±0.13, respectively. The visual acuity improved significantly after operation compared with before operation, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=119.731, P=0.000). The mean CRT before the operation was 476.0±104.1 μm. At 1, 6, and 12 months after the operation, the average CRT were 299.8±29.9, 272.2±17.8, and 261.0±19.3 μm, respectively. The average CRT after the operation was significantly lower than those before the operation ( F=185.518, P=0.000). At 1, 6, and 12 months after the operation, the mean M values were 0.62±0.54, 0.43±0.41, and 0.32±0.36, respectively; the difference was statistically significant ( F=6.568, P=0.020). After the operation, 48 eyes (84.2%, 48/57) had microstructural abnormalities in the macular area, including EZ and ELM integrity disruption, SRF, CME, and ERM. Correlation analysis showed that M value was significantly positively correlated with BCVA, CRT, and SRF height before operation ( r/ rs=0.672, 0.385, 0.932; P<0.05). There was no correlation between M value and BCVA ( r/ rs=0.503), EZ and ELM integrity ( r/ rs=0.497, 0.472), SRF ( r/ rs=0.416), CME ( r/ rs=0.821) and ERM ( r/ rs=0.632) after operation ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The BCVA is significantly increased and the metamorphopsia is improved after anatomically successful RRD surgery. Postoperative M value is highly correlated with preoperative BCVA, CRT, and SRF.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 534-539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the preventive efficacy of pirfenidone in esophageal stent-related restenosis and the related underlying mechanisms.Methods:Twenty-four rats underwent esophageal stent placement were included in this study. The rats were randomly assigned to three groups, with 8 rats in each group. The three groups were set to receive placebo, 150 mg/kg pirfenidone and 300 mg/kg pirfenidone daily by oral administration for 28 days, respectively. Twenty-eight days after stent placement, the stented esophagi were harvested for histological examinations. The number of epithelial layers, the thickness of submucosal fibrosis, the percentage of granulation tissue area, the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, the degree of collagen deposition, and the α-SMA staining scores were evaluated. One-way ANOVA was performed for the statistical comparison of the number of epithelial layers, the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, the degree of collagen deposition and the α-SMA staining scores among these three groups. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of the thickness of submucosal fibrosis and the percentage of granulation tissue area among the three groups. Results:Gross pathological findings showed that both pirfenidone groups had significantly less luminal fibrotic tissue formation and restenosis than placebo group. The percentage of granulation tissue areas in placebo group, 150 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg pirfenidone groups were 57.23%±25.68%, 21.80%±6.65% and 12.18%±6.37%, respectively. Both pirfenidone groups showed significantly less granulation tissue areas than placebo group ( P<0.01). The degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, the degree of collagen deposition and the α-SMA staining scores were 3.28±0.55, 3.38±0.63 and 2.75±0.38 in placebo group, 2.30±0.46, 2.36±0.58 and 2.00±0.42 in 150 mg/kg pirfenidone group, and 1.86±0.38, 1.91±0.41 and 1.57±0.28 in 300 mg/kg pirfenidone group, respectively. Both pirfenidone groups showed significantly less inflammatory cell infiltration, collagen deposition and α-SMA staining scores than placebo group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Pirfenidone can suppress esophageal stent-related restenosis in rats by significantly inhibiting inflammation, myofibroblast activation and proliferation, and fibrotic tissue formation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of norcantharidin (NCTD) to proliferation of leukemia cells through disrupting key regulators of sonic Hedgehog (SHH) pathway and its downstream transcription factor SOX2.@*METHODS@#CCK8 was used to detected the HL60 and NB4 cells after inhibited by NCTD, SMO and GLI1 inhibitor for 24 hours. Expression level of SMO, GLI1 and SOX2 in HL60 cells with NCTD treatment was detected by immunoblot. HL60 cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1 plasmid expressing GLI1 or SOX2. Empty vector and pcDNA3. 1-EGFP were divided into negative and positive control group, respectively. The expression of exogenous GLI1 or SOX2 in HL60 cells was confirmed by immunoblot, and growth curve of HL60 cell was checked by CCK8. Proliferation of genetic modified HL60 cells treated by various dose of NCTD was detected.@*RESULTS@#NCTD, SMO/GLI1 inhibitors could inhibit the proliferation of NB4 and HL60 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with solvent (DMSO)-treated control group, NCTD remarkably decreased protein level of SMO, GLI1 and SOX2. GLI1 and SOX2 were overexpressed in HL60 cells as compared with pcDNA3.1 empty vector-transfected group. Growth curve demonstrated significant proliferative advantage of GLI1/SOX2-transfected cells. CCK8 assay indicated that GLI1/SOX2-overexpressed HL60 cells were more resistant to NCTD treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#NCTD attenuates HL60 proliferation via targeting the Hedgehog/SOX2 axis.


Subject(s)
Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic , Cell Proliferation , HL-60 Cells , Hedgehog Proteins , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , SOXB1 Transcription Factors , Zinc Finger Protein GLI1
4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 906-909, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876024

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To identify factors associated with metamorphopsia in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment(RRD)who underwent primary vitrectomy(PPV). <p>METHODS:This retrospective study included 94 patients(94 eyes)who underwent 23G PPV for repair of RRD between January, 2017 and January, 2019. Each patient were examined both eyes preoperatively and postoperatively(at 1, 6, 12mo and last visits). At each time-point, patients received a complete ophthalmological examination, including best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), intraocular pressure, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, optical coherence tomography(OCT), and M-chart examination.<p>RESULTS: One month after surgery, metamorphopsia occurred in 53%(<i>n</i>=50), the mean M value was 0.68±0.28. The metamorphopsia rate differed significantly between macula-off and macula-on RRD(<i>P</i><0.01). There was significant difference in M-chart among the different time(<i>F</i>=26.442, <i>P</i><0.01). Univariate analysis demonstrated that the macula status, location of retinal breaks, and disrupted EZ was a risk factor that was significantly associated with metamorphopsia. In multivariate analysis, macula-involving retinal detachment(<i>OR</i>=9.020, 95% <i>CI</i>:1.808-45.011, <i>P</i>=0.007)and disrupted EZ(<i>OR</i>=10.570, 95% <i>CI</i>:2.909-38.400, <i>P</i><0.01)was a significant predictors of metamorphopsia.<p>CONCLUSION: The metamorphopsia was improved after anatomically successful RRD surgery. Macular involvement retinal detachment and disrupted EZ were more likely to develop metamorphopsia.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 497-500, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873791

ABSTRACT

Ablation is one of the important treatment methods for liver cancer, and standard ablation techniques, scientific and rational therapeutic strategy, and close teamwork are important premises for a good clinical effect. Although the efficacy of ablation therapy for liver cancer has gradually increased with the continuous improvement of ablation techniques, there remains a high tumor recurrence rate, and therefore, there is an urgent need for the therapeutic strategies that can improve the efficacy of ablation therapy for liver cancer and the prognosis of patients. Establishment of a diverse team for liver cancer ablation is a new concept put forward on the basis of a conventional team for liver cancer ablation to meet the requirements of ablation therapy for liver cancer. Since a diverse team for liver cancer ablation has potential advantages over a conventional team, it may be a promising mode for establishing a team for liver cancer ablation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867065

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the Spike and the Gamma rhythm of the local field potential (LFP) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) transgenic mice during fear memory activity.Methods:Six-month-old APP/PS1/tau three transgenic (3xTg) mice and wild-type (WT) mice were divided into 3xTg group and WT group, with 10 mice in each group. The electrodes were embedded into the hippocampus of mice under sterile conditions, and the behavioral experiment of conditioned fear box test was carried out two weeks later. The changes of Gamma rhythm, Spike and Burst firing were recorded and analyzed by the wireless telemetry device which embedded in the mouse head. Finally, the correlation between Gamma rhythm and Spike was calculated by entropy value.Results:(1) In behavioral experiments, the freezing ratio caused by conditioned stimulation (CS) in 3xTg mice was ((54.07±2.32)%), which was significantly lower than that of WT mice ((76.21±2.88)%) ( t=4.796, P<0.01). (2) Simultaneously recorded the average power of the Gamma oscillation in the Pre-CS period of the WT mice was ((11.574±1.147) dB), which increased to ((18.108±1.177) dB) after CS ( t=3.386, P<0.01). After CS administration, the average power of Gamma in 3xTg group((12.346±1.345) dB) was significantly lower than that of WT group ( t=3.423, P<0.01). (3) The frequency of Spike release in WT mice during the Pre-CS period was ((5.667±1.475)times/s), significantly increased to ((11.008±1.335) times/s) after CS ( t=3.542, P<0.01). The frequency of Spike release of 3xTg mice after CS ((5.249±1.033) times/s) was significantly lower than that of WT group ( t=4.788, P<0.01). (4) The Burst duration of WT group in pre-CS and CS period were ((0.550±0.043)s) and ((1.075±0.034)s), respectively. It suggested that the Burst firing frequency of WT group increased significantly after conditional stimulation ( t=5.188, P<0.01). However, the release interval of 3xTg group after CS ((0.619±0.033)s) was significantly lower than that of WT group ( t=3.352, P<0.01). (5) After CS, the Spike-Gamma entropy curve of WT mice was always higher than that of 3xTg mice. The maximum correlation of WT group and 3xTG group were (0.403±0.031) and (0.314±0.028), respectively. The Spike-Gamma correlation of the 3xTg group was significantly lower than WT mice ( t=3.372, P<0.01). Conclusion:The defect of fear memory in Alzheimer's disease may be caused by the disharmony of Spike-LFP (Gamma) distribution.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863762

ABSTRACT

Objective:Cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality index (CQI) is based on pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform (POP), which have been proved able to reflect the peripheral circulation state as good as the quality of chest compression during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It has been confirmed that CQI is as good as the partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (P ETCO 2) in prognostic evaluation of CPR patients. The purpose of this study was to explore whether advanced airway establishment affects the prognostic value of CQI during CPR. Methods:This was a prospective descriptive study. 376 patients receiving CPR were divided into advanced airway group and non-advanced airway group according to whether advanced airway was established, each of which was divided into ROSC (return of spontaneous circulation) group and non-ROSC group according to whether they got ROSC. The changes of CQI and P ETCO 2 during CPR were collected, and the relation of these parameters and the prognosis of patients was analyzed. Results:In advanced airway group, both CQI [(63.3±20.7) vs (49.7±23.8)] and P ETCO 2 [(19.8 (11.4, 31.6) vs 8.8 (3.3, 15.8)] mmHg were statistically different between ROSC group and non-ROSC group ( P <0.05). The cut-off value for these two parameters were 60.4 and 16.3 mmHg respectively. There was no significant difference between the two curves ( P>0.05). In the non-advanced airway group, CQI [(63.0±21.8) vs (42.2±29.0)] were also statistically different between the ROSC group and the non-ROSC group ( P <0.05). The cut-off value of CQI in advanced airway group and non-advanced airway group were 60.4 and 61.1, respectively. And there was no statistical difference between the two curves ( P>0.05). Conclusions:During CPR, CQI can be used to evaluate the prognosis of patients, which is as good as that of P ETCO 2. Establishment of advanced airway does not affect the prognostic evaluation of CQI during CPR.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828714

ABSTRACT

In order to clearly define the features of Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) in Chinese children, this article analyzes and summarizes the epidemiology, clinical features, and key points in the diagnosis and treatment of SDS in Chinese children with review of the clinical data of 27 children with SDS from related articles published previously. A comparative analysis was made between the Chinese and international data related to childhood SDS. The results showed a male/female ratio of about 2:1 in the Chinese children with SDS, with an age of onset of <1 month to 5 years (median 1 month) and an age of 3 months to 12 years (median 12 months) at the time of confirmed diagnosis. Reductions in peripheral blood cells due to myelopoiesis inhibition were observed in all 27 children with SDS, among whom 93% had neutropenia. Chronic diarrhea (85%), liver damage (78%), and short stature (83%) were the three main clinical features of SDS. Supplementation of pancreatin and component blood transfusion may temporarily alleviate the disease, while allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is still an effective radical treatment. The comparative analysis of the Chinese and oversea data showed that compared with those in the European and American countries, the children with SDS in China had significantly higher incidence rates of chronic diarrhea, reductions in peripheral blood cells (three lineages), and liver damage, and there were also differences in the type of mutant genes.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency , Female , Humans , Male , Neutropenia , Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 782-791, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826898

ABSTRACT

L-2-aminobutyric acid (L-ABA) is an important chemical raw material and chiral pharmaceutical intermediate. The aim of this study was to develop an efficient method for L-ABA production from L-threonine using a trienzyme cascade route with Threonine deaminase (TD) from Escherichia. coli, Leucine dehydrogenase (LDH) from Bacillus thuringiensis and Formate dehydrogenase (FDH) from Candida boidinii. In order to simplify the production process, the activity ratio of TD, LDH and FDH was 1:1:0.2 after combining different activity ratios in the system in vitro. The above ratio was achieved in the recombinant strain E. coli 3FT+L. Moreover, the transformation conditions were optimized. Finally, we achieved L-ABA production of 68.5 g/L with a conversion rate of 99.0% for 12 h in a 30-L bioreactor by whole-cell catalyst. The environmentally safe and efficient process route represents a promising strategy for large-scale L-ABA production in the future.


Subject(s)
Aminobutyrates , Bacillus thuringiensis , Candida , Escherichia coli , Formate Dehydrogenases , Metabolism , Leucine Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Threonine , Metabolism , Threonine Dehydratase , Metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872984

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect of Bletillae Rhizoma polysaccharide on the expressions of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt) gene protein and its mediated cytokines interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) in gastric tissue of rats with gastric ulcer (GU). Method::Sixty SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank group and model group.The GU model was replicated by direct acetic acid cauterization in model group.The GU model rats were randomly divided into five groups: model group, positive control group, and large, medium and small-dose Bletillae Rhizoma polysaccharide groups, with 10 rats in each group.Rats in blank group and GU model group were given 10 mL·kg-1·d-1 distilled water by gavage, rats in large, medium and small-dose groups were given 0.5, 0.25, 0.125 g·kg-1·d-1 Bletillae Rhizoma polysaccharide by gavage, while rats in positive control group were given 0.3 g·kg-1·d-1 ranitidine by gavage for 15 days.Serum nitric oxide (NO) content, pepsinase activity and cytokines IL-2R and IL-4 levels in rats of each group were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), PI3K and Akt mRNA expressions were detected by Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and PI3K and Akt protein expressions were detected by Western blot. Result::Compared with the blank group, the contents and gene expressions of cytokines IL-2R and IL-4 in gastric tissue were significantly increased, and the PI3K and Akt genes and protein expressions were significantly increased, with statistical significance (P<0.01). Compared with GU model group, the content and gene expressions of IL-2R and IL-4 in large, medium and small-dose Bletillae Rhizoma polysaccharide groups were decreased significantly, and the PI3K and Akt gene and protein expressions were decreased significantly in large-dose Bletillae Rhizoma polysaccharide group, while those in large and medium-dose Bletillae Rhizoma polysaccharide groups were decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::Bletillae Rhizoma polysaccharide can protect gastric mucosa by down-regulating PI3K and Akt gene and protein expressions and inhibiting abnormal secretion of cytokines IL-2R and IL-4.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787753

ABSTRACT

To analyze the etiology and epidemiological characteristics of gastroenteritis virus in foodborne diseases from three cities in Shandong. From January to December 2017, six sentinel hospitals in Jinan, Yantai and Linyi city of Shandong Province were selected as the research sites. Stool samples of 1 397 diarrhea patients were collected, as well as basic information and clinical symptoms. Duplex quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect Norovirus genogroupⅠ (Nov GⅠ) and genogroupⅡ (Nov GⅡ), Sapovirus (SAV) and Human astrovirus (HAstV), respectively, quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect group A Rotavirus (RVA), and quantitative PCR was used to detect Enteric adenovirus (EAdV). The specific gene of the virus were sequenced and typed. It was compared that the gastroenteritis virus rate in cases with different characteristics and the clinical symptoms difference between the virus positive and negative cases. The median age ((25), (75)) was 23 (1, 42) , mainly male, 57.48% with 803 cased and children under 5 years old, 36.36% with 508 cases. The positive rate of gastroenteritis virus was 33.93% (474 cases), and that of Jinan, Linyi and Yantai City were 32.03% (147/459), 41.54% (189/455) and 28.57% (138/483), respectively (0.001). Nov GⅡ had the highest positive rate, 16.54% (231 cases), which, mainly GⅡ.P16/GⅡ.2 (48.28%, 56/116), peaked in May (24.75%, 50/202) and June (19.59%, 38/194). In patients of gastroenteritis virus positive, 44.51% (211/474) had vomiting symptoms, higher than that of patients of gastroenteritis virus negative (34.13%, 315/923). The difference was statistically significant (0.001). In Shandong Province, the majority of gastroenteritis patients were male and children under 5 years old. Nov GⅡ possessed highest epidemic intensity, and peaked in spring and summer. Viral gastroenteritis had atypical clinical symptoms.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871764

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the changes in foveal avascular zone (FAZ) size and foveal microstructures in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and to analyze the correlation between FAZ size, foveal microstructure changes and visual outcomes.Methods:A retrospective study. From January 2017 to January 2019, 79 RRD patients (79 eyes) diagnosed in Department of Ophthalmology in Baoding First Central Hospital were included in the study. The patients were divided into macula-off group (51 eyes), macula-on group (28 eyes). The unaffected fellow eyes were used as a control group. The retinas were reattachment in all eyes after first standard 23G PPV combined with silicone oil filling. Before and 3 months after surgery, all patients underwent a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination, including the measurement of BCVA and OCT angiography (OCTA) examination. The BCVA examination was performed using the international standard visual acuity chart, which was converted into logMAR visual acuity. The FAZ areas were evaluated with OCTA in the superficial capillary plexus layers by using 3 mm×3 mm images of the macular.The following postoperative foveal microstructures were evaluated:epiretinal membranes, macular edema, subretinal fluids, integrity of ellipsoidal zone and external limiting membrane. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between FAZ area and BCVA. The correlation between macular microstructures and BCVA was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis.Results:At 3 months after the removal of silicone oil, the FAZ area in the macula-off group, macula-on group and the control group were 0.447±0.041, 0.409±0.034, 0.335±0.027 mm 2, respectively. Compared with the control group, the FAZ area in the macula-off group and macula-on group were enlarged, the difference was statistically significant ( F=184.148, P<0.05). The logMAR BCVA in the macula-off group and macula-on group were 0.800±0.180 and 0.386±0.160, respectively. There was significant difference in ellipsoidal zone rupture between the two groups ( χ 2=7.577, P=0.006). The results of correlation analysis showed that the area of FAZ and the incidence of ellipsoidal zone fracture after surgery were positively correlated with BCVA after surgery ( r=0.329, 0.290; P=0.003, 0.010). Conclusions:The FAZ area of RRD is enlarged after surgery. FAZ area and ellipsoid zone fracture are positively correlated with BCVA after surgery.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1436-1444, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827606

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Degree of mucosal recovery is an important indicator for evaluating the therapeutic effects of drugs in treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Increasing evidences has proved that tight junction (TJ) barrier dysfunction is one of the pathological mechanisms of IBD. The aim of this study was to observe whether enhancement of TJ can decrease colitis recurrence.@*METHODS@#Eighty C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups including normal group, colitis group, sulfasalazine (SASP) treated group, and traditional Chinese drug salvianolic acid B (Sal B) treated group. Colitis was established in mice by free drinking water containing dextran sulfate sodium, after treatments by SASP and Sal B, recombinant human interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was injected intraperitoneally to induce colitis recurrence.@*RESULTS@#Compared with sham control, cell apoptosis in colitis group was increased from 100.85 ± 3.46% to 162.89 ± 11.45% (P = 0.0038), and TJ dysfunction marker myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) was also significantly increased from 99.70 ± 9.29% to 296.23 ± 30.78% (P = 0.0025). The increased cell apoptosis was reversed by both SASP (125.99 ± 8.45% vs. 162.89 ± 11.45%, P = 0.0059) and Sal B (104.27 ± 6.09% vs. 162.89 ± 11.45%, P = 0.0044). High MLCK expression in colitis group was reversed by Sal B (182.44 ± 89.42% vs. 296.23 ± 30.78%, P = 0.0028) but not influenced by SASP (285.23 ± 41.04% vs. 296.23 ± 30.78%, P > 0.05). The recurrence rate induced by recombinant human IL-1β in Sal B-treated group was significantly lower than that in SASP-treated group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#These results suggested a link between intestinal mucosal barrier dysfunction, especially TJ barrier dysfunction, and colitis recurrence. The TJ barrier dysfunction in remission stage of colitis increased the colitis recurrence. This study might provide potential treatment strategies for IBD recurrence.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800992

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the potential of polycaprolactone (PCL)/gelatin nanofibrous composite membrane in constituting tissue engineering retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).@*Methods@#The embryonic stem cells (ESCs) were differentiated into RPE (ESC-RPE) cells by spontaneous differentiation methods.Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of specific RPE markers in ESC-RPE cells.The nanofiber membrane of PCL and PCL/gelatin nanofibrous composite membrane were prepared by electrospinning.The topography and contact angle of the two membranes were detected.The viability of ESC-RPE cells treated by the extracts of the two kinds of membranes was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8)method.After the ESC-RPE cells were cultured on the PCL/gelatin nanofibrous composite membrane, immunostaining was used to detect the expression of specific RPE markers of tissue engineering RPE.@*Results@#ESC-RPE cells were negative for pluripotent marker OCT4, but positive for microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), RPE65 and Bestrophin.Both the nanofiber membrane of PCL and PCL/gelatin nanofibrous composite membrane were porous and the contact angle were (97.2±3.1)° and (13.6±2.4)°, respectively.The extracts of the two kinds of membranes showed no significant effect on the growth of ESC-RPE cells.The tissue engineering RPE based on PCL/gelatin nanofibrous composite membrane positively expressed MITF and ZO-1.@*Conclusions@#PCL/gelatin nanofibrous composite membrane shows good hydrophilicity and biocompatibility.Besides, the membrane is favor for the growth of ESC-RPE cells and holds the potential to constitute tissue engineering RPE.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 299-304, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754924

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of CT urography (CTU) in quantitative analysis of single?kidney renal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients with renal tumor and hydronephrosis.Methods A total of 49 patients with renal tumor or hydronephrosis from January 2018 to September 2018 in the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University were prospectively collected. In all cases, the CT urography and 99mTc?DTPA renal dynamic imaging data and related clinical data were collected. All patients were divided into two groups: the experimental group (39 patients with a total of 78 kidneys) and the validation group (10 patients with a total of 20 kidneys). According to the presence or absence of renal diseases, the kidneys of the experimental group and the validation group were further divided into four groups, namely, the single kidney group, the tumor group, the stagnant water group and the healthy group. The CT urography protocol consisted of noncontrast, arterial phase, nephrographic, and excretory phase imaging. The total renal GFR was determined by CT measurement of renal clearance of contrast media (CM), and the total CT?GFR was then split into single?kidney CT?GFR by a left and right kidney proportionality factor. Differences between CT?GFR and SPECT?GFR measurements in each group of the experimental group was compared by paired?sample t test. Correlations between CT?GFR and SPECT?GFR in the experimental group and their correlations with RPV was analyzed by Pearson method. The Bland?Altman mapping method was used to evaluate the consistency between CT?GFR and SPECT?GFR in the experimental group. Results Paired difference between single?kidney CT?GFR (48.76 ± 18.50) ml·min-1·1.73 m-2 and single?kidney SPECT?GFR (45.68±17.95) ml·min-1·1.73 m-2 in the experimental group, P<0.05, demonstrating 6.8% systemic overestimation. A good correlation(r=0.80, P<0.01) and consistency (± 22.50 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2, ± 49.2% measurement deviations) was revealed between both measurements. There were positive correlations between CT?GFR and SPECT?GFR in the renal tumor group, hydronephrosis group, and healthy kidney group (r=0.67, 0.92, 0.80; P<0.01) respectively, and with good agreement (95% CI measurement deviation<30 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2). In all validation groups, there was no statistical difference between the estimated and true values of the Gates?GFR (all P>0.05). Pearson Correlation analysis showed that the correlations between CT?GFR and RPV in all experimental groups were better than the correlation between Gates?GFR and RPV (P<0.05). Conclusions This study demonstrated the feasibility of using CT urography to measure single?kidney GFR, verifying its application value in diseases such as kidney tumors and obstructive hydronephrosis, and proved that the proposed single?kidney CT?GFR correlates better than the SPECT?GFR with RPV.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investgate the application value of low-dose CT scanning in right adrenal vein imaging.Methods A total of 124 patients were enrolled in the study who were suspected as primary aldosteronism and requiring a contrast enhanced CT examination on adrenal glands.Four patients were excluded according to the exclusion criteria,so that the rest 120 patients were divided equally into three groups.Group A was a control group with conventional radiation dose using tube voltage of 120 kV and automatic mA.It was divided into A1,A2 and A3 groups according to arterial phase,portal venous phase and parenchymal phase.Group B was a experimental group with conventional tube voltage of 120 kV and automatic mA,which was divided into B1,B2 and n3 groups according to arterial phase,late arterial phase and portal venous phase.Group C was a low-dose experimental group with a tube voltage of 100 kV and a tube current of 150 mA only in the second phase,the remaining scanning parameters and method were the same as that of group B.The subjective scores of the images of groups A,B and C were statistically analyzed,and the CT values of the right adrenal vein(RAV),the right adrenal gland(RAG),and the fat of anterior abdominal wall at different scan phases were measured.The dose length products (DLP) were recorded and the signal-to-noise ratios (SNR),contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR),effective doses (E) of the three groups were calculated and compared.Results The subjective scores of the two observers were consistent (Kappa value =0.63);the subjective scores of the B2 images were statistically significant (H =7.18,P<0.05).Difference of subjective scores between B2 and A2was statistically significant (t=-18.03,P<0.05).The CT values of RAV,SNR,and CNR of the B2 group were higher than those of the A2 group (t=36.99,6.92,9.02,P<0.05).The radiation dose comparison showed that the effective dose (E) was 45.52% lower in the low-dose group than the conventional dose group with the statistically significant difference(t =12.19,P<0.05).Conclusions Using MDCT scanning technique with lower tube voltage and lower tube current of 100 kV-150 mA,the detection rate of right adrenal vein can reach 95% in the late arterial phase,and the effective dose can be reduced about 45.52% on the basis of ensuring image quality.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781712

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) combined with direct bilirubin (DB) in the diagnosis of biliary atresia.@*METHODS@#A total of 667 infants with cholestasis who were hospitalized and treated from July 2010 to December 2018 were enrolled as subjects. According to the results of intraoperative cholangiography and follow-up, they were divided into biliary atresia group with 234 infants and cholestasis group with 433 infants. The two groups were compared in terms of age of onset, sex, and serum levels of total bilirubin (TB), DB, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bile acid (TBA), and GGT. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed for indices with statistical significance, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) and the optimal cut-off value for diagnosis were calculated.@*RESULTS@#The biliary atresia group had a significantly younger age of onset than the cholestasis group (P0.05), while the biliary atresia group had significantly higher serum levels of TB, DB, TBA, and GGT than the cholestasis group (P<0.05). GGT combined with DB had the highest AUC of 0.892 (95% confidence interval: 0.868-0.916) in the diagnosis of biliary atresia. At the optimal cut-off values of 324.0 U/L for GGT and 115.1 μmmol/L for DB, GGT combined with DB had a sensitivity of 79.8% and a specificity of 83.2% in the diagnosis of biliary atresia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#GGT combined with DB has high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of biliary atresia and can be used as an effective indicator for diagnosis of biliary atresia in infants.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Biliary Atresia , Diagnosis , Bilirubin , Humans , Infant , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Blood
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 380-385, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780118

ABSTRACT

Hypophosphatemia is a common metabolism disease in humans. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) inhibits phosphate reabsorption by targeting on the renal tubules. FGF23C-tail contains 73 amino acids from C-terminus of FGF23, serves as an inhibitor of FGF23, and can increase phosphate reabsorption. Therefore, FGF23C-tail is an important drug for hypophosphatemia. In this paper, we constructed a fusion protein of FGF23C-tail with HSA, and investigated the expression of the fusion protein in the Pichia pastoris system. The recombinant gene was constructed by fusion PCR. A high-yield strain was selected by G418 resistance and fermentation yield, and the expression yield was 43.7 mg·L-1 in flask. In 5 L fermenters, the highest expression yield could reach 265.6 mg·L-1. FGF23C-tail-HSA could be used as an inhibitor for FGF23, and could significantly increase blood phosphorus levels in rats. The procedures for care and use of animals were approved by the Ethics Committee of YiChun University. This paper provided a basis research for further studying physiological activity of FGF23C-tail-HSA.

19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 47-56, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775463

ABSTRACT

Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) is an important biologically-active peptide of the renin-angiotensin system. This study was designed to determine whether inhibition of Ang-(1-7) in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) attenuates sympathetic activity and elevates blood pressure by modulating pro-inflammatory cytokines (PICs) and oxidative stress in the PVN in salt-induced hypertension. Rats were fed either a high-salt (8% NaCl) or a normal salt diet (0.3% NaCl) for 10 weeks, followed by bilateral microinjections of the Ang-(1-7) antagonist A-779 or vehicle into the PVN. We found that the mean arterial pressure (MAP), renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), and plasma norepinephrine (NE) were significantly increased in salt-induced hypertensive rats. The high-salt diet also resulted in higher levels of the PICs interleukin-6, interleukin-1beta, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1, as well as higher gp91 expression and superoxide production in the PVN. Microinjection of A-779 (3 nmol/50 nL) into the bilateral PVN of hypertensive rats not only attenuated MAP, RSNA, and NE, but also decreased the PICs and oxidative stress in the PVN. These results suggest that the increased MAP and sympathetic activity in salt-induced hypertension can be suppressed by blockade of endogenous Ang-(1-7) in the PVN, through modulation of PICs and oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin I , Metabolism , Animals , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Blood Pressure , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Male , Oxidative Stress , Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus , Peptide Fragments , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Sodium Chloride, Dietary , Pharmacology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690720

ABSTRACT

With the development and change of Uygur medicine, The sources,medicinal parts and producing area of some Uygur Medicine have changed. It is more important to master the classification, distribution and change of Uygur medicinal materials. These were more than 1 200 kinds Uygur medicine in history were resaerched by field investigation, philological research, and textual research, which main source of original plant were 140 families, 510 genera, 840 species; and source of original animal were 76 families, 107 genera, the original animal 141 species; 55 kinds of original mineral, which main producer were Xinjiang and Central Asia, West Asia, the Mediterranean, and North Africa, Southeast Asia and other provinces in China, there are individual medicinal materials from the Americas, Europe and other places. Through this study the classification, distribution, source and evolution of specific families and genera of Uygur medicine resources have mastered.It is hoped to provide theoretical basis for further research and development of Uygur medicinal materials.

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