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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928013

ABSTRACT

The present study established the spectrum-effect relationship model of flavonoids in Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium(CRP) from 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction and statistically analyzed the correlation between chemical peaks and efficacy to identify the main effective components. HPLC fingerprints of flavonoids in CRP from 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction were established. HPLC analysis was carried out on the Venusil XBP C_(18)(L) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) at 30 ℃ with acetonitrile-water(containing 0.1% formic acid) as mobile phase for gradient elution, a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1), and detection wavelength of 300 nm to obtain chemical fingerprints. Additionally, the effects of flavonoids from CRP in 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction on the content of GAS, MTL, and VIP, TFF3 mRNA expression, and percentage of CD3~+ T-cells of model rats with spleen deficiency were determined. The spectrum-effect relationship model was established by gray correlation analysis. The results showed that the main characteristic peaks with great contribution to the regulation of gastrointestinal tract were peak 16(vicenin-2), peak 63(sinensetin), peak 64(isosinensetin), peak 65(nobiletin), peak 67(3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptemthoxyflavone), peak 68(tangeretin), and peak 69(5-desmethylnobiletin). Therefore, there was a linear correlation between flavonoids from CRP in Liujunzi Decoction and the efficacy, and the medicinal effect was achieved by multi-component action. This study is expected to provide a new idea for exploring the material basis of the effect, i.e., regulating qi prior to replenishing qi, of CRP in Liujunzi Decoction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Citrus/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Hormones , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Rats , Spleen
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927897

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of long-chain noncoding RNA Linc00673 overexpression on proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer cells and its mechanisms. Methods: The recombinant lentivirus expressing plasmid pLVX-Linc00673 and the control empty plasmid pLVX-NC were packaged and amplified in 293T cells, and the recombinant lentivirus was transfected into gastric cancer cell line MGC-803 to establish a cell line stably overexpressing Linc00673. The expression of Linc00673 gene was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The growth and proliferation of cells were observed by MTT assay and clone formation assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of cell cycle related regulatory genes were detected by qPCR. The expressions of key molecules in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and tumor proliferation related proteins were detected by Western blot. Results: The expressions of Linc00673 in gastric cancer cell line MGC-803, BGC-823 and AGS were significantly higher than that in normal gastric mucosa cell line GES-1 (P<0.05). MGC-803 cell line with stable overexpression of LINC00673 was established, and the expression level of LincC00673 was 200 times higher than that of the control empty carrier group. Overexpression of Linc00673 promoted proliferation of MGC-803 cells (P<0.05) and clone formation (P<0.05), inhibited cell apoptosis and affected the G1→S phase progression of cell cycle (P<0.01). Overexpression of Linc00673 could affect the expressions of cell cycle regulatory gene CCNG2, P19 and CDK1 in MGC-803. Western blot showed that Linc00673 overexpression not only promoted the expressions of the key molecule pAkt in PI3K / Akt signaling pathway and its downstream target NF-κ B and Bcl-2 protein, but also up regulated the expressions of tumor related factors β-catenin and EZH2 proteins. Conclusion: Overexpression of Linc00673 may promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of MGC-803 cells through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 299-301, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873715

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand changes of physical fitness, among college freshmen in one college in Xi an from 2005 to 2018.@*Methods@#Body mass index (BMI), vital lung capacity and cardiorespiratory endurance test data from 47 047 freshmen from 2005 to 2018 were included and analyzed. BMI, vital lung capacity, and cardiorespiratory endurance were classified according to the National Student Physical Fitness and Health Standard. Descriptive statistics, t test was used in the data analysis.@*Results@#Mean BMI, vital lung capacity and cardiorespiratory endurance for male and female were (21.69±3.26) (20.88±2.65) kg/m 2, (4 189.87±788.57) (2 815.06±572.07) mL, (246.17±24.09) (239.97±20.23) s, respectively, all of which had significant statistical differences (t=29.48, 218.87, 28.70, P<0.05). Physical fitness indicators showed significant differences over the years (F=104.82, 185.43, 40 891.99, P<0.05). Mean BMI and vital lung capacity in male and female freshmen showed nonlinear increase trend across the past 14 years, while endurance showed a "V"shaped change with a significant inflection point in the year of 2009.@*Conclusion@#From 2005 to 2018, BMI and vital lung capacity showed an upward trend, and cardiorespiratory endurance quality continued to decline since 2009 among college freshmen.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862734

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the influencing factors of stroke symptoms in middle-aged and elderly patients with hypertension in the community, and to provide reference for the prevention and control of stroke. Methods A total of 410 cases of middle-aged and elderly hypertensive patients registered in community health service centers (or health centers) were randomly selected from 2 administrative regions of Wuhan to conduct a unified questionnaire survey. Chi-square test, analysis of variance and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of stroke symptoms in hypertensive patients. Results Of 31.83% the study subjects had stroke symptoms. The analysis of the results showed that high monthly per capital household income, adequate fruit intake and high level of dietary knowledge were protective factors for stroke symptoms in middle-aged and elderly patients with hypertension. Hypertension complications, annual medical check-ups in the hospital and a history of stroke / heart disease in immediate family members were risk factors for stroke symptoms. Conclusion Improving the health awareness of middle-aged and elderly people, vigorously promoting health education and raising the level of social security for low-income groups can reduce the risk of stroke in middle-aged and elderly patients with hypertension.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890374

ABSTRACT

BackgroundGenetic interactions are known to play an important role in the missing heritability problem for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Interactions between enhancers and their target genes play important roles in gene regulation and disease pathogenesis. In the present study, we aimed to identify genetic interactions between enhancers and their target genes associated with T2DM.MethodsWe performed genetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes for T2DM in 2,696 T2DM patients and 3,548 controls of European ancestry. A linear regression model was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) pairs that could affect the expression of the protein-coding genes. Differential expression analyses were used to identify differentially expressed susceptibility genes in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.ResultsWe identified one SNP pair, rs4947941×rs7785013, significantly associated with T2DM (combined P=4.84×10−10). The SNP rs4947941 was annotated as an enhancer, and rs7785013 was located in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. This SNP pair was significantly associated with EGFR expression in the pancreas (P=0.033), and the minor allele “A” of rs7785013 decreased EGFR gene expression and the risk of T2DM with an increase in the dosage of “T” of rs4947941. EGFR expression was significantly upregulated in T2DM patients, which was consistent with the effect of rs4947941×rs7785013 on T2DM and EGFR expression. A functional validation study using the Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) database showed that EGFR was associated with diabetes-relevant phenotypes.ConclusionGenetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes suggested that EGFR may be a novel susceptibility gene for T2DM.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880556

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of Tai Chi (TC) and resistance training (RT) with different intensity on the cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and quality of life (QoL) of middle-aged and elderly cancer patients.@*METHODS@#Totally 120 cancer patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to 4 groups by a random number table, including TC group, high-intensity 60% one repetition maximum (1-RM) RT group (HIRT), low-intensity (30% 1-RM) RT group (LIRT) and control group, 30 patients in each group. Participants in the TC group received 24-form simplified Yang-style TC training at a frequency of 40 min per day, 3 days per week for 12 weeks. Patients in the two RT groups received 10 sessions, 6 designated movements per day, 3 days per week for 12 weeks. The 1-RM of 6 muscle groups, fat mass (FM), lean body mass (LBM), along with the scores of Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI), QoL questionnaire for Chinese cancer patients receiving chemobiotherapy (QLQ-CCC), Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were measured before and after training. The adverse effect was also observed.@*RESULTS@#After 12-week intervention, patients in both TC and RT groups showed significant improvements in CRF and QLQ-CCC compared to pre-treatment (P<0.05). Compared with the LIRT and TC groups, patients in the HIRT group improved more significantly in increasing muscle strength and LBM, and reducing in FM (P<0.05). Patients in the TC group significantly increased in lower limb muscle strength compared with the LIRT group (P<0.05). In addition, patients in the TC group showed more significant improvements in scores of GAD-7, PHQ-9 and PSQI than 2 RT groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TC and RT, both low- and high-intensity training, can significantly increase muscle strength, reduce CRF and improve QoL in the middle-aged and elderly cancer patients. TC has a better effect than RT in terms of sleep quality and mental health. The long-term application is needed to substantiate the effect of TC as an alternative exercise in cancer patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907332

ABSTRACT

Acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion (AIS-LVO) refers to ischemic stroke caused by large vessel occlusion of internal carotid artery, middle cerebral artery and vertebrobasilar artery, which has the characteristics of large infarct, relatively poor outcome, higher disability and mortality. Therefore, early vascular recanalization and rescue of ischemic penumbra are the key to improve the outcome of patients with AIS-LVO. Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has a definite effect on AIS-LVO. The current guidelines recommend that MT should be performed on the basis of IVT for AIS-LVO patients without contraindications of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), the so-called bridging therapy. IVT can increase the risk of bleeding to a certain extent, delay MT and increase the cost of hospitalization. However, there are still many controversies about whether the patients with AIS-LVO can directly perform MT. This article reviews the comparative study of direct MT and bridging therapy in patients with anterior circulation AIS-LVO, hoping to provide reference for clinicians in the treatment of AIS-LVO.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3300-3312, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906838

ABSTRACT

Single cell "omics" technology enables the capture of genome, transcriptome, proteome and other omics information in a high-throughput and unbiased manner at single-cell resolution, allowing the characterization of the functional state of individual cells to reveal their heterogeneity and differential responses to drug treatment. This technology has wide application in pharmacological research, facilitating drug screening, efficacy evaluation, and mechanistic studies. We envision that, in the field of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), single cell omics technology can be applied in the identification of active ingredients and drug targets, and elucidation of drug mechanism of action. In this article, we briefly introduce the single cell omics technology - particularly single cell transcriptome sequencing, and review its application in the field of modern drug research. Based on that, we propose the concept of "single cell pharmacology" and articulate how it can be applied to transform the pharmacological research of TCM and promote TCM modernization.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906235

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect and related mechanism of Fuyou granule on danazol-induced precocious puberty model in rats. Method:Totally 21 cages of SD female rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Leuprorelin(0.1 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and Fuyou mixture group(37.9 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose, mid-dose and low dose Fuyou granule<italic> </italic>groups(17.0,8.5,4.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). Rats at 5 days of age were given a single subcutaneous injection of 300 μg danazol to establish the precocious puberty model. After 10 days of modeling, drug intervention was started. Vaginal opening was examined at the age of 20 days, and the gonadal development was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The levels of serum luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol (E<sub>2</sub>) were determined by radioimmunoassay. The mRNA expressions of hypothalamic gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), Kiss-1, G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54) were detected by Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the expression of GnRH cells in the hypothalamus was detected by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the normal group, the vaginal opening of the model group was significantly earlier, and the uterus and ovarian coefficients were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), indicating that the danazol-induced precocious puberty model was successfully established. The expression levels of GnRH, Kiss-1, and GPR54 also increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05), indicating that the danazol model can activate the HPG axis in advance, thereby inducing precocious puberty<bold>. </bold>Compared with the model group, the mid-dose Fuyou granule group significantly delayed the time of vaginal opening (<italic>P</italic><0.01), high-dose Fuyou granule group<italic> </italic>significantly reduced uterine wall thickness and uterine coefficient (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), mid-dose group reduced ovarian coefficient and uterine wall thickness (<italic>P</italic><0.05). All the three dosage groups of Fuyou granule significantly reduced the content of serum hormones E<sub>2</sub>, LH and FSH (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), reduced the expression levels of hypothalamic GnRH, Kiss-1 and GPR54 mRNA (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and decreased the expression of GnRH cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Fuyou granule can achieve therapeutic precocity by regulating the Kiss-1/GPR54 system and down-regulating the expression of GnRH to inhibit the activation of the HPG axis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905811

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To analyze the outcome of treatment of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Shandong Province from 2013 to 2017, and to discuss the impact of the global fund's multi-drug prevention and control program (hereinafter referred to as “ the Program”) on the outcome of treatment of MDR-TB patients, so as to provide a basis for the formulation of MDR-TB prevention and control strategy in Shandong Province. Methods:Information of MDR-TB patients in Shandong Province from 2013 to 2017 was collected from the TB Management Information System, and Excel was used for statistical analysis. Descriptive analysis was conducted on the number of MDR-TB patients found, treatment rate, and successful treatment rate in the province, 5 project cities, and other non-project cities. SPSS16.0 statistical software was used for data analysis. Chi-square test was performed for comparison between rates (P<0.05). Result:The successful treatment rate in the province was the highest in 2014 (53.85%) and the lowest in 2017(22.93%), with a statistically significant difference (χ2=40.96,P<0.001). The treatment rate in the whole province increased year by year, from 66.97% to 85.06%, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=30.53,P<0.001). The successful treatment rate was above 46% every year between 2013 and 2016, and decreased to 22.93% in 2017, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=40.96,P<0.001). The proportion of lost patients increased year by year since 2014, reaching 70.95% in 2017, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=2.32,P<0.001). In 2017, the number of patients found in the five project cities was the lowest in five years. Conclusion:The result of the project has an impact on the discovery, treatment and management of MDR-TB patients in Shandong Province. There is an urgent need to pay more attention to and actively explore prevention and treatment strategies for MDR-TB at the provincial level.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898078

ABSTRACT

BackgroundGenetic interactions are known to play an important role in the missing heritability problem for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Interactions between enhancers and their target genes play important roles in gene regulation and disease pathogenesis. In the present study, we aimed to identify genetic interactions between enhancers and their target genes associated with T2DM.MethodsWe performed genetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes for T2DM in 2,696 T2DM patients and 3,548 controls of European ancestry. A linear regression model was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) pairs that could affect the expression of the protein-coding genes. Differential expression analyses were used to identify differentially expressed susceptibility genes in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.ResultsWe identified one SNP pair, rs4947941×rs7785013, significantly associated with T2DM (combined P=4.84×10−10). The SNP rs4947941 was annotated as an enhancer, and rs7785013 was located in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. This SNP pair was significantly associated with EGFR expression in the pancreas (P=0.033), and the minor allele “A” of rs7785013 decreased EGFR gene expression and the risk of T2DM with an increase in the dosage of “T” of rs4947941. EGFR expression was significantly upregulated in T2DM patients, which was consistent with the effect of rs4947941×rs7785013 on T2DM and EGFR expression. A functional validation study using the Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) database showed that EGFR was associated with diabetes-relevant phenotypes.ConclusionGenetic interaction analyses of enhancers and protein-coding genes suggested that EGFR may be a novel susceptibility gene for T2DM.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921763

ABSTRACT

Based on the defects in powder properties of the contents of Ziyin Yiwei Capsules, this study screened out the main medicinal slice powders causing the poor powdery properties, and introduced the powder modification process to improve the powdery properties of these slice powders, the pharmaceutical properties of the capsule contents, and the content uniformity of Ziyin Yiwei Capsules, so as to provide a demonstration for the application of powder modification technology to the preparation of Chinese medicinal solid preparations. Through the investigation on the powder properties of the contents of Ziyin Yiwei Capsules, it was clarified that the pulverized particle size of the capsule contents had a good correlation with the pulverization time. According to the measurement results of the powder fluidity and wettability, the quality defects of the capsule contents were caused by the fine powders of Taraxaci Herba and Lungwortlike Herba. "Core-shell" composite particles were prepared from medicinal excipients magnesium stearate and fine powders of Taraxaci Herba and Lungwortlike Herba slices after ultra-fine pulverization to improve the powder properties of the problematic fine powders. Powder characterization data including fluidity and wettability were measured, followed by scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and infrared ray(IR) detection. It was determined that the optimal dosage of magnesium stearate was 2%, and the compositing time was 3 min. The composite particles were then used as content components of the Ziyin Yiwei Capsules. The powder characteristics between the original capsule and the modified composite capsule including the particle size, fluidity, wettability, uniformity of bulk density, and uniformity of chromatism as well as the content uniformity and in vitro dissolution were compared. The results showed that the powder characteristics and content uniformity of the prepared composite capsule were significantly improved, while the material basis of the preparation was not changed before and after modification. The preparation process was proved to be stable and feasible. The powder modification technology solved the pharmaceutical defects that were easy to appear in the preparation of traditional capsules, which has provided experimental evidence for the use of powder modification technology for improving the quality of Chinese medicinal solid preparations and promoting the secondary development and upgrading of traditional Chinese medicinal dosage forms such as capsules.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Excipients , Particle Size , Powders , Wettability
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921762

ABSTRACT

Targeting the poor powder characteristics of the contents in Hewei Jiangni Capsules, this study characterized the powder properties of the contents and employed particle design technique for improving the content quality. The content composite particles of Hewei Jiangni Capsules prepared by the particle design technique were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy(SEM), followed by infrared ray(IR), content uniformity, and in vitro dissolution detection. It was found that there was a good correlation between the crushed particle size of slices and the crushing time, and the calcined Haematitum was responsible for the poor content uniformity. After the fine powder of calcined Haematitum was super-finely ground for 8.5 min and those of the other contents in the capsule for 1 min, they were prepared into the composite particles, whose property characterizations were compared with those of the physical mixtures. The content uniformity of the prepared composite particles was significantly improved, and the preparation process was stable and reliable. The adoption of particle design technology to correct the poor uniformity of the physical mixture, solve the pharmaceutical defects of Hewei Jiangni Capsules, and improve the quality of prescriptions has provided important reference for the clinical application and development of Chinese medicinal preparations.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Particle Size , Powders
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921758

ABSTRACT

Solid preparations account for more than 50% of traditional Chinese medicines(TCM). TCM powder is an important raw material for solid preparations of TCM. Its powder properties directly affect the quality of solid preparations, and even clinical safety and effectiveness. Particle design technology based on the characteristics of powder in TCM is an important means to improve and enhance the quality of solid preparations. This study summarized the relevant principles, methods, characteristics, classification, equipment, and other elements of particle design technology in recent years, analyzed the difficulties in its application in the field of TCM powder, and proposed the strategies in conjunction with the development of computer data mining. The present study is expected to provide a reference for the suitability of particle design in the field of TCM powder.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Powders , Technology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913811

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study assessed the correlation between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) biomarkers and the eighth American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system and the prognostic values of IgG antibodies against replication and transcription activator (Rta-IgG), IgA antibodies against Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1, and BamH1 Z transactivator (Zta-IgA) in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Serum EBV antibody levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 435 newly diagnosed stage III-IVA NPC patients administered intensity-modulated radiation therapy±chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). @*Results@#Rta-IgG and Zta-IgA levels were positively correlated with the N category and clinical stage. Patients with high Rta-IgG levels (> 29.07 U/mL) showed a significantly inferior prognosis as indicated by PFS (77% vs. 89.8%, p=0.004), distant metastasis–free survival (DMFS) (88.3% vs. 95.8%, p=0.021), and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) (91.2% vs. 98.3%, p=0.009). High Rta-IgG levels were also significantly associated with inferior PFS and LRFS in multivariable analyses. In the low-level EBV DNA group (≤ 1,500 copies/mL), patients with high Rta-IgG levels had significantly inferior PFS and DMFS (both p < 0.05). However, in the high-level EBV DNA group, Rta-IgG levels were not significantly associated with PFS, DMFS, and LRFS. In the advanced T category (T3-4) subgroup, high Rta-IgG levels were also significantly associated with inferior PFS, DMFS, and LRFS (both p < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Rta-IgG and Zta-IgA levels were strongly correlated with the TNM classification. Rta-IgG level was a negative prognostic factor in locoregionally advanced NPC patients, especially those with advanced T category or low EBV DNA level.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888182

ABSTRACT

A spectrum-activity relationship is established with high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints and the in vitro antioxidant activity to improve the quality evaluation system of Aralia taibaiensis. The HPLC profiles of 12 batches of samples were collected, and the similarity evaluation, heat map analysis and principal component analysis were conducted for the chemometric study of the fingerprint data. Combined with grey correlation analysis, the contributions of the common peaks in the fingerprints to the antioxidant activity were clarified, and the important peaks reflecting the efficacy were identified. The results showed that 17 common peaks were found in 12 batches of A. taibaiensis samples, and 6 of them were identified as saponins. Similarity evaluation, heat map analysis and principal component analysis roughly classified the A. taibaiensis herbs into two categories, i.e.,(1) S1-S10, S12 and(2) S11. Twelve batches of samples showed different antioxidant activities in a dose-dependent manner. In particular, S9 had the strongest antioxidant activity, while S11 was the weakest in antioxidant capacity, which was basically consistent with the overall score results. The results of grey correlation analysis demonstrated that the 17 common peaks scavenged DPPH radicals in the following order: X_3>X_(17)>X_4>X_8>X_7>X_(13)>X_2>X_6>X_(11)>X_(10)>X_(16)>X_(12)>X_9>X_5>X_(14)>X_1>X_(15), and scavenged ABTS radicals in the order of X_4>X_3>X_7>X_8>X_2>X_(17)>X_(13)>X_6>X_(16)>X_(11)>X_5>X_(12)>X_(10)>X_9>X_(14)>X_1>X_(15). Among them, X_3, X_4, X_7(araloside C), X_8 and X_(17) were the important peaks reflecting the efficacy of A. taibaiensis, which were basically consistent with those contained in the principal component 1. In this study, the correlation between the HPLC fingerprints of 12 batches of A. taibaiensis and its antioxidant activity provides a reference for the Q-marker screening and quality control of A. taibaiensis.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Aralia , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Saponins
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888035

ABSTRACT

There have been many clinical trials, systematic reviews/Meta-analysis proving that Xingnaojing Injection has a good clinical efficacy in treatment of cerebral ischaemic stroke, but with fewer comprehensive descriptions. In this study, an overview of systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Xingnaojing Injection in treating cerebral ischaemic stroke was performed to provide current situation of evidences and basis for clinical practice. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science were retrieved through computers. A total of 6 literatures were included in this study. By AMSTAR-2 checklist and GRADE, the quality of included systematic reviews and the efficacy of Xingnaojing Injection were evaluated. The results of AMSTAR-2 checklist showed an extremely low quality for all of the 6 systematic reviews. According to the results of GRADE evaluation, among 55 outcomes, there were 2 outcomes with a medium quality, 4 outcomes with a low quality and 49 outcomes with an extremely low quality. The 6 systematic reviews reached a consistent conclusion that Xingnaojing Injection was effective in the treatment of cerebral ischaemic stroke. This therapy could improve the total efficacy, neurological deficit scores, hemodynamic and hemodynamic parameters. However, the methodolo-gical quality of all literatures was extremely low. The evidence levels of outcomes were between extremely low to medium. The effectiveness of Xingnaojing Injection in the treatment of cerebral ischaemic stroke still needs to be further verified by more high-quality studies. In the future, relevant clinical studies and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis shall be carried out in a strict accordance with relevant regulations.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke/drug therapy , Systematic Reviews as Topic
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888034

ABSTRACT

To overview the systematic reviews of Panax notoginseng saponins in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction. CNKI, CBM, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases were retrieved to collect the systematic reviews of the efficacy of P. notoginseng saponins in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction. The retrieval time was from the time of database establishment to January 2021. After two researchers independently screened out the literature and extracted the data, AMSTAR-2 scale was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the included systematic reviews, GRADE system was used to grade the quality of evidences of the outcome indicators, and the efficacy evaluation was summarized. A total of 5 systematic reviews were included. AMSTAR-2 evaluation results showed that 3 items were relatively complete, while 4 items had a poor overall quality. P. notoginseng saponins combined with conventional Western medicine therapy was superior to single conventional therapy in the recovery of neurological function, enhancement of the total effective rate in clinic, and improvement of activities of daily living. GRADE evaluation results showed that the quality of evidence was from low quality to very low quality. In conclusion, in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction, P. notoginseng saponins can improve the clinical efficacy, with a good safety but a not high methodological quality and a low evidence quality. It is suggested that high-quality clinical studies shall be further carried out to provide evidence-based basis for the application of P. notoginseng saponins in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Humans , Panax notoginseng , Saponins , Systematic Reviews as Topic
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888033

ABSTRACT

To analyze the use of outcome indicators of randomized controlled trial(RCT) of acupuncture in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke in recent three years, so as to provide a basis for building a study on the core outcome indicators for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke with acupuncture. The RCTs of acupuncture treatment for acute ischemic stroke in recent three years were collec-ted through computer retrieval of eight Chinese and English databases and two clinical trial registries at home and abroad. Literature was screened out, and data was extracted. Risk of assessment bias tool Cochrane 6.1 was used for bias risk assessment, outcome indicators were summarized and analyzed. A total of 47 RCTs were included, and 3 studies were trials registration scheme. Outcome indicators were divided into 6 categories according to functional attributes, namely physical symptoms/signs, physical and chemical examination, quality of life, traditional Chinese medicine symptoms/syndromes, safety events and long-term prognosis. The study found that in addition to the common problems in previous studies covered by the status quo of outcome indicators selection of RCT of acupuncture in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke, there were also the other problems as follows: emphasis on macroscopic efficacy indicators but neglect of acupuncture specific indicators, lack of characteristic indicators and economic indicators of traditional Chinese medicine therapy, and unification of indicators measurement tool and measurement time point. In the future, the outcome indicators set for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke with acupuncture shall be established, and the core outcome indicators set shall be in line with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine treatment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888032

ABSTRACT

To systematically search and sort out the clinical randomized controlled trial(RCT) on the prevention and treatment of acute cerebral infarction with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) by using the method of evidence map, and to understand the evidence distribution of related studies. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were retrieved from January 2016 to September 2020, and literatures related to the prevention and treatment of acute cerebral infarction with traditional Chinese medicine were included. Text description combined with table and bubble chart were used to analyze the distribution characteristics of evidence. A total of 1 102 clinical articles in recent five years were retrieved. The annual trend of clinical study publication, study size, TCM therapy category and main scheme, and study literature quality were analyzed. We find that TCM treatment of acute cerebral infarction has become a hot topic of clinical research, the number of literature showed a trend of increased year by year, various means of intervention of TCM in the treatment of the advantages of increasingly highlight. Follow-up clinical research should highlight the characteristics of TCM: in the analysis of outcome indicators; increase the neuropsychological patients after stroke and cognitive ability, and the theory of combined treatment of TCM disease when thoughts; At the same time, the quality of clinical research needs to be improved. At present, there is still a lack of unified standards for the production of evidence map. This study is the first to explore the application of evidence map to summarize and display the clinical research status of TCM treatment of acute cerebral infarction, and combine it with the setting of priority areas of TCM clinical research, so as to provide a reference basis for determining the priority topic selection of TCM treatment optimization research.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Stroke/drug therapy
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