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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the executive function (EF) characteristics of preschool aged male children diagnosed as high-functioning autism (HFA), and to compare the EF differences between HFA and typically developing (TD) children.Methods:Twenty-six preschool male HFA children aged 4-5 years old and chronological age and gender matched TD children were recruited respectively. Parent questionnaire behavior rating scale of executive function-preschool version (BRIEF-P) and executive function battery EF-TOUCH were adopted to explore the EF characteristics and the differences between the two groups. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis, including descriptive statistics, χ2 test, t-test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results:EF-TOUCH results demonstrated significant differences with correct proportions of inhibition tasks (Arrow, Pig, silly sounds game (SSG)), working memory task (pick the picture (PTP)) and cognitive flexibility task (something′s the same (STS)) between groups (Arrow: Z=-2.278, P=0.023; Pig: Z=-2.599, P=0.009; SSG: Z=-1.985, P=0.047; PTP: t=2.635, P=0.011; STS: Z=-3.556, P=0.000). The accuracy rate in HFA group were significantly lower than TD group (HFA group: Arrow: 0.76 (0.57, 0.92), Pig: 0.95 (0.90, 1.00), SSG: 0.85 (0.57, 0.94), PTP: 0.74±0.11, STS: 0.77 (0.62, 0.90); TD group: Arrow: 0.92 (0.78, 0.95), Pig: 1.00 (0.98, 1.00), SSG: 0.94 (0.82, 1.00), PTP: 0.81±0.09, STS: 0.93 (0.82, 0.97)). Reaction time(RT) of Pig task was longer in HFA group than TD group (HFA: (1 624.29±234.33)ms; TD: (1 481.39±220.78)ms, t=-2.263, P=0.028). RTs of Arrow and SSG for both groups were not significantly different ( P>0.05). Children of HFA group exhibited worse inhibition and working memory(WM) than TD children in BRIEF-P(inhibition: HFA group (60.73±10.47), TD group (54.73±6.87); WM: HFA group (68.04±11.51), TD group (61.69±8.44))( t=-2.443, P=0.018; t=-2.267, P=0.028 respectively). No significant differences were found in the rest factors and domains for both groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Apparent inhibition control, working memory and cognitive flexibility deficiencies were found in preschool aged male HFA children. There are significant EF differences between preschool aged male HFA and typically developing children.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of segmented teaching combined with Kirkpatrick model evaluation in the teaching of specialized nurses of peripherally implanted central venous catheter (PICC).Methods:A total of 60 trainees in the PICC specialized nurse training class in PICC Clinic of Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Nantong University from June 2020 to September 2020 were selected in the study, and they were randomly divided into a control group and a study group, with 30 nurses in each group. The control group conducted traditional training for PICC specialized nurses, and the research group used segmented teaching. After training, the Kirkpatrick model was used to evaluate the response level, learning level, behavior level and result level of the training effect of the two groups of PICC specialized nurses. SPSS 22.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:Through the segmented teaching training, the evaluation results of the Kirkpatrick model showed that the effect of the PICC specialized nurse training was significantly better in the study group than that in the control group in terms of response level, learning level, behavior level and result level. The study group's satisfaction with the training program and teaching content scored higher than that of the control group, with statistically significance ( P<0.001). The research group nurses' mastery of theoretical knowledge and practical skills and humanistic care scores were higher than those of the control group, with significant differences ( P<0.001). After the training, the self-behavior assessment scores of the two groups increased, and the improvement of the research group was more obvious. When the nurses of the research group returned to the hospital clinical work after training, their professional identity, PICC teaching and guidance ability, treatment, nursing service quality, the recognition of patient and family members and the effectiveness of the department were improved to varying degrees, the corresponding measures could be carried out in the hospital, and the development of PICC technology was promoted. Conclusion:The combination of segmented teaching and Kirkpatrick model evaluation can effectively meet the training needs of PICC specialized nurses and make a full range of effect evaluations to improve the quality of PICC specialized nursing services.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908941

ABSTRACT

In order to meet the social demand for ultrasound talents, a layered training system of ultrasound medical talents suitable for China's national conditions has been explored. The department of ultrasound of West China Hospital of Sichuan University has formulated and implemented a "three-layers" ultrasound education and training system in combination with its own reality. The first layer mainly refers mastering the basic ultrasound examination ability mainly through relevant ultrasound theoretical knowledge and basic operation skills training. The second layer is based on the first level to further master the ability of ultrasound diagnosis and differential diagnosis of common and frequently occurring diseases in various systems, and to be capable of engaging in basic ultrasound teaching and scientific research. The third layer means mastering the ability of ultrasound diagnosis, evaluation and interventional diagnosis and treatment of difficult and specialized diseases, grasping the latest development direction of the sub-specialty, and having the ability to engage in ultrasound teaching and clinical research. The results show that the "three-layers" ultrasound education and training system conforms to China's national conditions and is worthy of reference and promotion.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 47-52, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837714

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of orthokeratology combined with 0.01% atropine in controlling low to moderate myopia in adolescents.<p>METHODS: A prospective non-randomized controlled study was conducted among 120 eyes of 120 adolescents with low to moderate myopia. 60 eyes in the control group were treated with orthokeratology, and 60 eyes in the combined group were treated with orthokeratology combined with 0.01% atropine. The best corrected distant visual acuity(BCDVA), best corrected near visual acuity(BCNVA), refraction, axial length, accommodative amplitude, photopic pupil diameter, mesopic pupil diameter, lipid layer thickness(LLT), tear film break up time(BUT)and complications were determined before treatment and at 1a after treatment. <p>RESULTS: There were no significant differences in BCDVA and BCNVA within and between the two groups before and after treatment(<i>P</i>>0.05). After treatment, the spherical equivalents of both groups progressed significantly(<i>P</i><0.01), and the average changes of spherical equivalent refractive error in the combined group and the control group were 0.21(0.03, 0.53)D and 0.40(0.15, 0.74)D respectively(<i>P</i><0.01). The axial lengths of both groups were increased significantly(<i>P</i><0.01), and the axial length elongations of the combined group and the control group were(0.13±0.19)mm and(0.22±0.21)mm respectively(<i>P</i><0.01). There were no significant differences in the accommodative amplitude, photopic and mesopic pupil diameters of the control group before and after treatment(<i>P</i>>0.05). After treatment, the accommodative amplitude of the combined group decreased significantly, while the photopic and mesopic pupil diameters significantly increased, respectively(<i>P</i><0.01). The accommodative amplitude of the combined group was smaller than that of the control group, while the photopic and mesopic pupil diameters were larger than those of the control group at 1a after treatment(<i>P</i><0.01). The LLT and BUT in both groups were significantly reduced from baseline(<i>P</i><0.01), but both showed no significant differences between the two groups at baseline and at 1a after treatment(<i>P</i>>0.05). During the treatment period, there was no difference in the incidence of total adverse reactions between the combined group and the control group(26.7% <i>vs</i> 15.0%, <i>P</i>>0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: Combined treatment with 0.01% atropine and orthokeratology would be a safe and more effective choice of treatment to control the development of myopia in adolescents.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885553

ABSTRACT

We report the intrauterine treatment of a case of fetal persistent supraventricular tachycardia complicated by heart failure. The ultrasound findings at 32 +1 weeks of gestation showed fetal tachycardia of 242 beats/min, fetal generalized edema, ascites, and visible pulsation spectrum in the intra-abdominal segment of the umbilical vein. Fetal cardiac arrhythmia persisted after maternal oral digoxin for 46 hours. In view of the continuous deterioration of the fetal condition with the persistent umbilical vein pulsation spectrum and worsening edema, fetal intramuscular injection of cedilanid under ultrasound guidance was performed, resulting in successful cardioversion. The pregnant woman gave birth to a baby girl by cesarean section due to premature rupture of membranes and oligohydramnios at 34 +6 weeks of gestation, with normal functions of heart and other organs. During a follow-up to 8 months, no obvious abnormalities were found.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898778

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, risk factors, and effects of primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) on physical and mental health in young adults in mainland China. @*Methods@#An anonymous questionnaire was used to collect information including the sociodemographic characteristics, history of PNE, family history, daytime voiding symptoms, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores, Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). A total of 22,500 university students from 23 provinces and 368 cities in mainland China were included. @*Results@#In total, 21,082 questionnaires were collected, and 20,345 of them qualified for statistical analysis. The PNE prevalence was 1.17%, and the distribution of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and nonmonosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (NMNE) was 66.1% and 33.9%, respectively. In total, 28% of respondents with PNE reported bedwetting daily, 31.6% between 1 and 7 times weekly, and 40.4% between 1 and 4 times monthly; 80% of PNE cases had no history of treatment. The prevalence of PNE in patients with a family history, frequency, urgency, urinary incontinence, and recurrent urinary tract infections was significantly higher than in those without these conditions (P<0.001). PNE was significantly correlated with the PSQI total score (sleep quality) (P=0.011). The SES score was lower and the SDS was higher (P<0.001) in the PNE group than in those without PNE. @*Conclusions@#In mainland China, the PNE prevalence among young adults was found to be high, and PNE had significant effects on physical and mental health. Risk factors included a family history, daytime voiding symptoms, and lack of treatment.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891074

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, risk factors, and effects of primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) on physical and mental health in young adults in mainland China. @*Methods@#An anonymous questionnaire was used to collect information including the sociodemographic characteristics, history of PNE, family history, daytime voiding symptoms, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores, Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). A total of 22,500 university students from 23 provinces and 368 cities in mainland China were included. @*Results@#In total, 21,082 questionnaires were collected, and 20,345 of them qualified for statistical analysis. The PNE prevalence was 1.17%, and the distribution of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and nonmonosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (NMNE) was 66.1% and 33.9%, respectively. In total, 28% of respondents with PNE reported bedwetting daily, 31.6% between 1 and 7 times weekly, and 40.4% between 1 and 4 times monthly; 80% of PNE cases had no history of treatment. The prevalence of PNE in patients with a family history, frequency, urgency, urinary incontinence, and recurrent urinary tract infections was significantly higher than in those without these conditions (P<0.001). PNE was significantly correlated with the PSQI total score (sleep quality) (P=0.011). The SES score was lower and the SDS was higher (P<0.001) in the PNE group than in those without PNE. @*Conclusions@#In mainland China, the PNE prevalence among young adults was found to be high, and PNE had significant effects on physical and mental health. Risk factors included a family history, daytime voiding symptoms, and lack of treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921718

ABSTRACT

An UPLC-MS/MS method was developed to simultaneously determine complanatoside A and complanatoside B in rat plasma with rutin as the internal standard and applied to examine the effect of salt-processing on pharmacokinetics of these two flavonoid glycosides. The pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated using DAS 3.2.6 and subjected to independent sample t-test with SPSS 23.0. No significant difference in T_(max) of complanatoside B was observed between the raw and processed groups; however, in the processed group, C_(max) and AUC_(0-12 h) of complanatoside B increased obviously(P<0.05), while MRT_(0-12 h) decreased from(3.34±0.44) h to(1.81±0.36) h(P<0.05). C_(max) [(14.72±11.13) μg·L~(-1)] and MRT_(0-24) [(3.93±0.26) h] of complanatoside A in the raw group were statistically different from those [(35.64±21.99) μg·L~(-1),(1.43±0.24) h] in the processed group(P<0.05). As a result, salt-processing can facilitate the in vivo adsorption and accelerate the excretion of complanatoside A and complanatoside B.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astragalus Plant , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Glycosides , Rats , Semen , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921318

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the predictive performance of anthropometric indices for metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Chinese adolescents with different nutritional status.@*Methods@#We recruited 9,513 adolescents aged 10-18 years from seven provinces in China during September 2014. Anthropometric indices and blood pressure were measured at recruitment, and blood samples were collected for determining fasting plasma glucose and lipid profile. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were used to assess the predictive performance of anthropometric indices, including body mass index (BMI) percentile, waist circumference percentile, waist-height ratio, and waist-hip ratio.@*Results@#Overall, the four anthropometric indices showed good accuracy for predicting MetS with areas under ROC curves (AUCs) ranging from 0.86 to 0.94; similar AUCs ranging from 0.73 to 0.99 were observed for participants with normal weight. The performance of all four indices was poor in overweight and obese participants, with AUCs ranging from 0.66 to 0.77 and from 0.60 to 0.67, respectively. Waist circumference showed relatively better performance in all the subgroup analyses.@*Conclusions@#We suggest using anthropometric indices with the cutoff values presented here for predicting MetS in the overall and normal-weight adolescent population, but not in the overweight and obese adolescent population where more specific screening tests are required.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asians , Body Weights and Measures , Child , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Nutritional Status , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875954

ABSTRACT

Objective To fully understand the actual situation and existing problems in vaccination outpatient services, which will provide information to support and improve the standardized construction of vaccination outpatient service and the whole-process vaccination management. Methods Cross-sectional study was conducted among all the vaccination outpatient services in Huangpu District of Shanghai.Data were collected by self-examination and health supervision.Analysis was focused on the conformance with the six aspects of management requirements, which included institution and personnel management, layout of facilities, vaccine and cold-chain management, vaccination management, disinfection and isolation management and medical waste management. Results Twenty-one vaccination clinics were included in the study.There were significant differences for conformance between self-examination and health supervision, public and private medical institutions (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the overall compliance rate among six aspects of management requirement (P > 0.05), indicating that they were relatively balanced.On analysis within the 6 aspects, there were significant differences in the indicator compliance rate for 4 aspects of management requirement, including institution and personnel management, layout of facilities, vaccine and cold-chain management, disinfection and isolation management (P < 0.05). Conclusion The standardized construction of vaccination outpatient service should be strengthened with the emphasis on the following: implementation and consolidation of management requirements, enhancement of responsibility consciousness in vaccination outpatient service, construction of special-need vaccination outpatient service in private medical institutions, and improvement of publicity and guidance education.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878731

ABSTRACT

With the upsurge of medical artificial intelligence,the use of computer vision technology to study medical images,which can effectively help doctors to identify and screen diseases,has become a focus of researchers.This paper summarizes the basic situation,specific information,related research,and data sharing and utilizing ways of foreign breast image datasets.This review provides inspirations for the opening of Chinese medical and health data.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Breast/diagnostic imaging
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 765-776, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878108

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Reviving patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (DOCs) has always been focused and challenging in medical research. Owing to the limited effectiveness of available medicine, recent research has increasingly turned towards neuromodulatory therapies, involving the stimulation of neural circuits. We summarised the progression of research regarding neuromodulatory therapies in the field of DOCs, compared the differences among different studies, in an attempt to explore optimal stimulation patterns and parameters, and analyzed the major limitations of the relevant studies to facilitate future research.@*METHODS@#We performed a search in the PubMed database, using the concepts of DOCs and neuromodulation. Inclusion criteria were: articles in English, published after 2002, and reporting clinical trials of neuromodulatory therapies in human patients with DOCs.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 187 published articles met the search criteria, and 60 articles met the inclusion criteria. There are differences among these studies regarding the clinical efficacies of neurostimulation techniques for patients with DOCs, and large-sample studies are still lacking.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neuromodulatory techniques were used as trial therapies for DOCs wherein their curative effects were controversial. The difficulties in detecting residual consciousness, the confounding effect between the natural course of the disease and therapeutic effect, and the heterogeneity across patients are the major limitations. Large-sample, well-designed studies, and innovations for both treatment and assessment are anticipated in future research.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic , Consciousness , Consciousness Disorders/therapy , Humans , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873356

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of polyphyllin Ⅰ on the expressions of forkhead box Q1(FOXQ1)and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related factors, in order to explore the possible mechanism of polyphyllin Ⅰ in inhibiting the metastasis of colon cancer. Method:After the treatment with 1.25,2.50 μmol·L-1 polyphyllin Ⅰ on HCT116 cells, Western blot and Real-time PCR were used to detect the expressions of FOXQ1,E-cadherin,Vimentin protein and mRNA. Result:Compared with the blank group, relative expressions of FOXQ1 protein and mRNA in low-concentration polyphyllin Ⅰ group were decreased, while relative expression of E-cadherin mRNA was increased, the differences were not statistically significant, and relative expressions of Vimentin protein and mRNA in low-concentration polyphyllin Ⅰ group were decreased (P<0.05), and relative expression of E-cadherin protein in low-concentration polyphyllin Ⅰ group was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, relative expressions of FOXQ1, Vimentin protein and mRNA in high-concentration polyphyllin Ⅰ group were decreased,while relative expressions of E-cadherin protein and mRNA were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with low-concentration polyphyllin Ⅰ group, relative expressions of Vimentin protein and mRNA in high-concentration polyphyllin Ⅰ group were decreased, but the difference was not statistically significant, relative expressions of E-cadherin protein and mRNA in high-concentration polyphyllin Ⅰ group were increased, whereas relative expressions of FOXQ1 protein and mRNA were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion:Mechanism of polyphyllin Ⅰ inhibiting the metastasis of colon cancer may be related to the decrease of FOXQ1 and Vimentin expressions, and the up-regulation of E-cadherin.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873256

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study on the content change and transformation rule of eight main characteristic components in stir-frying process of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Method::The contents of liquiritin apioside, liquiritin, isoliquiritin apioside, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were determined simultaneously by HPLC. The chromatographic conditions were Waters Symmetry® C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), and the mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-0.05%phosphoric acid solution (B) for gradient elution (0-9 min, 19%-25%A; 9-18 min, 25%-34%A; 18-38 min, 34%-51%A; 38-58 min, 51%-89%A), the flow rate of 1 mL·min-1, the detection wavelengths at 320 nm (0-16 min), 276 nm (16-25 min), 370 nm (25-28 min), 254 nm (28-58 min), the injection volume of 10 μL and the column temperature at 30 ℃. Result::After stir-frying, the total content of three components with dihydroflavone as mother nucleus was decreased, while the total content of three components with chalcone as mother nucleus showed an upward trend, the content change of glycyrrhizic acid was not obvious, but glycyrrhetinic acid content showed a slight upward trend. When the monomer heating temperature reached 130 ℃, dihydroflavones and chalcones could be isomerized with each other, and with the increase of temperature, the isomerization became more obvious. When the heating temperature rose to 180 ℃ (isoliquiritin apioside was 130 ℃), in addition to the isomerization, the glucosidic bond of flavonoid glycosides began to break and gradually transformed into the corresponding secondary glycosides or aglycones. Glucosidic bond of glycyrrhizic acid could also be broken to form glycyrrhetinic acid, which was detected at 150 ℃. Conclusion::The change of chemical composition is complex during stir-frying process of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, in addition to the isomerization and glucosidic bonds breaking observed in this experiment, there may be other complex reactions. The content of one compound in the herb is affected by many factors during its processing, such as the time and temperature of frying, the stability of the compound itself and so on.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872727

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Jianpi Xiaoai prescription on the activation of normal human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HFL1) into tumor-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) induced by human colon cancer cells (HCT116) derived exosomes. Method:SD rats were gavaged with 13.1 g·kg-1 of Jianpi Xiaoai prescription to prepare drug-containing serum, and HCT116 cell exosomes-containing 10% exosomes-free serum and 20% Jianpi Xiaoai prescription drug serum were isolated by ultra-high speed centrifugation. The particle size distribution of exosomes were detected by Nanoparticle tracking analyzer (Zetaview), and the exosomes' marker proteins apoptotic transfer gene 2 interaction protein X (Alix), heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), and tumor-susceptibility gene 101 (TSG101) were identified by Western blot, and the uptake of exosomes labeled with cell membrane staining kit (PKH67) by HFL1 was observed by fluorescence microscope. HFL1 cells were divided into six groups: the blank group, the transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) group, the TGF-β1 combined with HCT116 exosomes of 2 mg·L-1 group, the TGF-β1 combined with HCT116 exosomes of 4 mg·L-1 group, the TGF-β1 combined with Jianpi Xiaoai prescription exosomes of 2 mg·L-1 group, and the TGF-β1 combined with Jianpi Xiaoai prescription exosomes of 4 mg·L-1 group, and all groups were cultivated for 48 h. Western blot and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) were used to determine the protein and mRNA expressions of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). Result:The particle size distribution detected by Zetaview was mainly between 50-100 nm, and the exosomes were verified based on the expressions of marker proteins Alix, HSP70 and TSG101. After co-incubation of HFL1 cells with exosomes, a large number of exosomes were absorbed by HFL1 cells under fluorescence microscope. Compared with the blank control group, the protein and mRNA expressions of α-SMA in the TGF-β1 group and TGF-β1 combined with HCT116 exosome groups were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the TGF-β1 combined with HCT116 exosome groups, the protein and mRNA expressions of α-SMA were decreased in the TGF-β1 combined with Jianpi Xiaoai prescription exosome groups (P<0.01). Conclusion:Human colon cancer cell exosomes combined with TGF-β1 can induce the activation of HFL1 into CAFs, and Jianpi Xiaoai prescription can reduce the activation of HFL1 by affecting the expressions of α-SMA, thus antagonizing the lung metastasis of colon cancer.

16.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 905-913, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870381

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the expression of the E2F6 transcription factor in human malignant melanoma tissues and cell lines, and to evaluate the effect of E2F6 on proliferation, migration and invasion of a malignant melanoma cell line A375.Methods:Frozen tissues and paraffin-embedded tissue sections were collected from 50 cases of cutaneous malignant melanoma and 30 cases of pigmented nevus in Department of Dermatology, Chongqing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital from January 2012 to December 2017. Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to determine the mRNA expression of E2F6 in the malignant melanoma and pigmented nevus tissues, as well as in 7 malignant melanoma cell lines (HM, A375, WM451, WM35, SK-MEL-1, Hs-695T and MDA-MB-435s) and pigmented nevus cells, and immunohistochemical study and Western blot analysis were conducted to determine the protein expression of E2F6 and β-catenin in the malignant melanoma tissues. An E2F6-inhibiting plasmid and a control plasmid were separately transfected into A375 cells by using a liposome-mediated transfection method, and the E2F6 gene-knockdown efficiency was verified by qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay, soft-agar plate cloning assay, Transwell migration and invasion assays and 3D cell culture assay were conducted to evaluate the effect of E2F6 gene knockdown on the proliferation, migration and invasion of A375 cells, flow cytometry was performed to detect the cell cycle and apoptosis rate, and Western blot analysis was conducted to determine the protein expression of total β-catenin, activated β-catenin, c-Myc and cyclin D1. The comparison between two groups was carried out by t test, the comparison among several groups by one-way analysis of variance, and multiple comparisons by least significant difference t test; Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between E2F6 and β-catenin expression in cutaneous malignant melanoma. Results:The E2F6 mRNA expression was significantly higher in the 7 malignant melanoma cell lines than in the pigmented nevus cells (all P < 0.001). qRT-PCR showed that the relative mRNA expression of E2F6 was significantly higher in the cutaneous malignant melanoma tissues (0.000 55 ± 0.000 17) than in the pigmented nevus tissues (0.000 18 ± 0.000 09, t = 3.22, P < 0.001). Both the immunohistochemical study and Western blot analysis showed significantly increased E2F6 protein expression, but decreased β-catenin protein expression in the cutaneous malignant melanoma tissues compared with the pigmented nevus tissues (all P < 0.001). Correlation analysis showed that E2F6 protein expression was negatively correlated with β-catenin expression in the malignant melanoma tissues (immunohistochemical study: r = -0.56, Western blot analysis: r = -0.63, both P < 0.01). After knockdown of the E2F6 gene in A375 cells, the mRNA and protein expression of E2F6 was significantly lower in the E2F6 inhibition group than in the control group ( t = 3.38, 2.76 respectively, both P < 0.001). CCK8 assay showed that the cellular proliferative ability was significantly lower in the E2F6 inhibition group than in the control group ( t = 4.58, P < 0.01) 48 hours after transfection; soft-agar plate cloning assay showed that the colony-formation ratio was significantly lower in the E2F6 inhibition group than in the control group ( t = 2.26, P < 0.001) ; Transwell migration and invasion assays showed that the number of cells crossing the chamber was significantly lower in the E2F6 inhibition group (165 ± 23, 96 ± 11 respectively) than in the control group (376 ± 22, 315 ± 31, t = 3.14, 2.12, respectively, both P < 0.01) ; 3D cell culture assay showed that the cell morphology markedly changed, and the invasive pseudopodia disappeared in the E2F6 inhibition group. Flow cytometry revealed that the proportion of cells at G0-G1 phase and apoptosis rate were significantly higher in the E2F6 inhibition group than in the control group (both P < 0.001). Western blot analysis showed significantly decreased protein expression of β-catenin, activated β-catenin and its downstream target proteins c-Myc and cyclin D1, but significantly increased protein expression of P21 in the E2F6 inhibition group compared with the control group (all P < 0.001) ; additionally, the E2F6 inhibition group showed significantly decreased protein expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related molecules vimentin and N-cadherin, but significantly increased expression of E-cadherin compared with the control group (all P < 0.001) . Conclusions:The E2F6 transcription factor is highly expressed in malignant melanoma. Knockdown of the E2F6 gene in A375 cells can inhibit cell proliferation, migration and invasion by antagonizing the β-catenin signaling pathway.

17.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1966-1969, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829158

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the peripheral blood of patients with liver cirrhosis and portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and its clinical significance in the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis with PVT. MethodsA total of 60 patients with liver cirrhosis and PVT who were followed up or hospitalized in the outpatient service of The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2017 to December 2019 were enrolled as PVT group, and 161 patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension who had no thrombi were enrolled as LC group. Related clinical data were collected, including sex, age, white blood cell count, platelet count, total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, albumin, prothrombin time, international normalized ratio, and antithrombin Ⅲ. Double-antibody sandwich ELISA was used to measure the serum level of VEGF. The t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The Pearson correlation test was used for correlation analysis, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for PVT in patients with liver cirrhosis. ResultsThe comparison of baseline indices showed that there was a significant difference in serum VEGF between the PVT group and the LC group (P<0.05). The comparison of the patients with Child-Pugh class A, B or C disease showed that there was a significant difference in serum VEGF between the two groups (Z=3.749, 5.469, all P<0.05). The stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that only serum VEGF (odds ratio=1004, 95% confidence interval: 1.003-1.006, P<0.001) was an independent risk factor for liver cirrhosis with PVT. ConclusionPatients with liver cirrhosis and PVT tend to have a high level of VEGF in peripheral blood, which provides guidance for clinical diagnosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828717

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of vasovagal syncope (VVS) and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) in children with neurological symptoms at disease onset.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 88 children with the initial symptoms of the nervous system, such as transient loss of consciousness, dizziness, headache, and convulsion, who were finally diagnosed with VVS or POTS.@*RESULTS@#Of the 88 children, there were 35 boys (40%) and 53 girls (60%), with an age of 4-15 years. The peak age of onset was between 10 and 13 years. All the children had the initial symptoms of transient loss of consciousness, dizziness, headache, and convulsion. Nervous system diseases were excluded by electroencephalography, cerebrospinal fluid examination, and cranial MRI. Of the 88 children, 53 (60%) were confirmed with VVS, and 35 (40%) with POTS, according to the results of head-up tilt test (HUTT). Five children with the initial symptom of transient loss of consciousness were misdiagnosed with epilepsy. Predisposing factors were determined for 59 children (67%), and prolonged standing was the most common factor, followed by change in body position and strenuous exercise. Premonitory symptoms were observed in 66 children (75%), among which chest discomfort was the most common symptom, followed by gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain) and pale complexion. All 88 children received health education and exercise for autonomic nerve function, among whom 53 children with VVS were given oral rehydration salts and 35 children with POTS were given oral rehydration salts and metoprolol. All 88 children were followed up for 18 months, and the response rates to the above treatment at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months of follow-up were 87%, 93%, 93%, and 90% respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In addition to nervous system diseases, functional cardiovascular diseases including VVS and POTS should be considered for children with the initial symptoms of transient loss of consciousness, dizziness, headache, and convulsion. HUTT can be used to make a confirmed diagnosis, and the early treatment can achieve a good outcome.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome , Posture , Retrospective Studies , Syncope, Vasovagal , Tilt-Table Test
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828024

ABSTRACT

To scientifically evaluate the intervention effect of Chinese medicine preventive administration(combined use of Huo-xiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) on community population in the case of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), a large cohort, prospective, randomized, and parallel-controlled clinical study was conducted. Total 22 065 subjects were included and randomly divided into 2 groups. The non-intervention group was given health guidance only, while the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention group was given two coordinated TCM in addition to health guidance. The medical instructions were as follows. Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid: oral before meals, 10 mL/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days. Jinhao Jiere Granules: dissolve in boiling water and take after meals, 8 g/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days, followed up for 14 days, respectively. The study found that with the intake of medication, the incidence rate of TCM intervention group was basically maintained at a low and continuous stable level(0.01%-0.02%), while the non-intervention group showed an overall trend of continuous growth(0.02%-0.18%) from 3 to 14 days. No suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case occurred in either group. There were 2 cases of colds in the TCM intervention group and 26 cases in the non-intervention group. The incidence of colds in the TCM intervention group was significantly lower(P<0.05) than that in the non-intervention group. In the population of 16-60 years old, the incidence rate of non-intervention and intervention groups were 0.01% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference of colds incidence between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). In the population older than 60 years old, they were 0.04% and 0.21%, respectively. The incidence of colds in the non-intervention group was higher than that in the intervention group, but not reaching statistical difference. The protection rate of TCM for the whole population was 91.8%, especially for the population of age 16-60(95.0%). It was suggested that TCM intervention(combined use of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) could effectively protect community residents against respiratory diseases, such as colds, which was worthy of promotion in the community. In addition, in terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions in the TCM intervention group was relatively low, which was basically consistent with the drug instructions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1217-1220, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822186

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)/nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has gradually become one of the main causes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Western developed countries. Different from the typical evolution process of hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and liver cancer, nearly 40% NAFLD patients can progress into HCC without experiencing liver cirrhosis, suggesting other mechanisms may play a role in this process. This article elaborates on the latest research advances in the pathogenesis of NAFLD-related HCC.

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