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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the anti-hepatic fibrosis activity of ethyl acetate fraction Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. (EDC) in human hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in vitro and in a carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic fibrosis mouse model in vivo.@*METHODS@#For in vitro study, HSCs were pre-treated with platelet-derived growth factor (10 ng/mL) for 2 h to ensure activation and treated with EDC for 24 h and 48 h, respectively. The effect of EDC on HSCs was assessed using cell counting kit-8 assay, EdU staining, transmission electron microscopy, immunofluorescence staining, and Western blot, respectively. For in vivo experiments, mice were intraperitoneally injected with CCl4 (2 ° L/g, adjusted to a 25% concentration in olive oil), 3 times per week for 6 weeks, to develop a hepatic fibrosis model. Forty 8-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were divided into 4 groups using a random number table (n=10), including control, model, positive control and EDC treatment groups. Mice in the EDC and colchicine groups were intragastrically administered EDC (0.5 g/kg) or colchicine (0.2 mg/kg) once per day for 6 weeks. Mice in the control and model groups received an equal volume of saline. Biochemical assays and histological examinations were used to assess liver damage. Protein expression levels of α -smooth muscle actin (α -SMA) and microtubule-associated protein light chain 3B (LC3B) were measured by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#EDC reduced pathological damage associated with liver fibrosis, downregulated the expression of α -SMA and upregulated the expression of LC3B (P<0.05), both in HSCs and the CCl4-induced liver fibrosis mouse model. The intervention of bafilomycin A1 and rapamycin in HSCs strongly supported the notion that inhibition of autophagy enhanced α -SMA protein expression levels (P<0.01). The results also found that the levels of phosphoinositide (PI3K), p-PI3K, AKT, p-AKT, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), p-mTOR, and p-p70S6K all decreased after EDC treatment (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#EDC has anti-hepatic fibrosis activity by inducing autophagy and might be a potential drug to be further developed for human liver fibrosis therapy.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Animals , Autophagy , Carbon Tetrachloride , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935828

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess and compare the accuracies and operating time of endodontic microsurgery performed by operators with different levels of experience in endodontics using computer-guided techniques including dynamic and static navigations in a surgical simulation model. Methods: Six pairs of three dimensional (3D)-printed models of upper and lower jaws were set up on dental manikins. A total of 120 teeth (10 teeth each jaw) were included in the models. Microsurgeries of osteotomy and root-resection were performed on the models by two operators with different experience, namely novices and experts, under of free hand (FH)(n=20), dynamic navigation (DN)(n=20), and static navigation (SN)(n=20) conditions, respectively. The duration of each operation was recorded. Cone-beam CT was taken for 3D-printed models before and after the operation. The path of preoperative surgery planning was simulated. The linear deviations at the entry and the end point and the angular deviation of the access path between the simulated and the actual operation were compared by the software. Results: Significant difference of the entry deviation was observed between the novices and the experts in the FH group [(1.44±0.49) and (1.02±0.58) mm] (q=4.67, P=0.020). There were no significant differences between the novices and the experts in the end point and angular deviations (P>0.05). For the novices, the entry deviations in both DN and SN groups [(0.76±0.32) and (0.66±0.20) mm] were significantly lower than those in FH group (q=7.58, P<0.001; q=8.66, P<0.001). The angular deviations in the abovementioned two groups (5.0°±3.5°, 3.9°±2.1°) were significantly lower than that in FH group (10.9°±6.1°) (q=7.38, P<0.001; q=8.70, P<0.001). For the experts, significant differences were found only in the angular deviations among DN, SN and FH groups (3.6°±1.9°, 3.2°±1.7° and 8.2°±3.9°) (q=5.74, P=0.001; q=6.29, P<0.001). The operation durations were significantly shortened for both the novices [(4.80±2.15), (1.09±0.48) min] (q=14.60, P<0.001; q=20.10, P<0.001) and the experts [(3.40±1.96),(1.02±0.34) min] (q=5.86, P<0.001; q=9.37, P<0.001) by using DN and SN techniques. Regarding the differences between tooth types, in FH group, the operating time on the anterior teeth was significantly shorter than that on the posterior teeth (q=8.14, P<0.001; q=5.20, P=0.007), while in DN and SN groups, there were no significant differences in the operating time between two tooth types (P>0.05). No significant differences were discovered in the accuracies on the anterior and posterior teeth among three techniques or between two kinds of operators (P>0.05). Conclusions: Dynamic and static navigation techniques could assist the clinicians, especially the novices, to improve the accuracies and shorten the operating time of osteotomy and root resection microsurgeries.


Subject(s)
Computers , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Microsurgery , Surgery, Computer-Assisted
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940703

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical curative effect of modified Shaofu Zhuyutang on pelvic pain of endometriosis (EMT) with syndrome of cold congeal and blood stasis and the influence on neural angiogenesis. MethodA total of 110 cases were divided into a control group (54 cases) and an observation group (56 cases) by the random number table method. Patients in the control group took Aifu Nuangong pills with 6 g/time and 2 times/day. Patients in the observation group took modified Shaofu Zhuyutang with 1 dose/day. Course of treatment continued for 3 menstrual cycles. Dysmenorrhea, other symptoms and signs of pelvic pain, and the EMT health profile-5 (EHP-5) for patients with syndrome of cold congeal and blood stasis and EMT were scored before and after treatment. The levels of peripheral blood nerve growth factor (NGF), substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase(sFlt-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1) were detected before and after treatment. The levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and other inflammatory factors were detected before and after treatment. The pain medication usage and recurrence were recorded. ResultThe scores of dysmenorrhea, symptoms of pelvic pain symptoms (non-menstrual pelvic pain, dyspareunia, anal falling pain, and defecation pain, etc.), and signs of pelvic pain (pelvic tenderness and sacral ligament tender nodules) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The disappearance rates of dysmenorrhea, pelvic tenderness, and sacral ligament tender nodules were 67.35% (33/49), 73.33% (33/45), and 77.27% (34/44) in the observation group, which were all higher than 45.83% (22/48), 48.84% (21/43), and 52.27% (23/44) in the control group. The difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.571, χ2=5.565, χ2=6.026, P<0.05). The scores of EHP-5 and syndrome of cold congeal and blood stasis in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The levels of VEGF, MMP-9, IGF-1, NGF, SP, CGRP, and BDNF in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01), while the level of sFlt-1 was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01). The levels of PGE2, COX-2, TNF-α, and IL-6 in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The total effective rate of the observation group was 92.45% (49/53), which was higher than 76.00% (38/50) of the control group (χ2=5.307, P<0.05). After 6 months of follow-up, the recurrence rate in the observation group was 30.61% (15/49), which was lower than 52.63% (20/38) in the control group (χ2=4.315, P<0.05). The average of taking ibuprofen sustained-release capsules in the control group was higher than that in the observation group per menstrual period (P<0.01). ConclusionModified Shaofu Zhuyutang treated pelvic pain of EMT with syndrome of cold congeal and blood stasis by regulating the mechanism of neural angiogenesis, reducing pain, and promoting the disappearance of related pains, thus improving the quality of life. Shaofu Zhuyutang has a better clinical effect than Aifu Nuangong pills and has a low recurrence rate.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940541

ABSTRACT

Macrophages are natural immune cells with strong plasticity. The polarization of macrophages mainly responds to stimuli in the microenvironment by changing their phenotype and related functions. In recent years, studies have found that the polarization of macrophages is involved in the occurrence and development of various diseases such as bone arthritis, skin diseases, diabetes, coronary heart disease, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and lung cancer, especially the metastasis of malignancies and drug resistance, through multiple signaling pathways, including nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-κB), c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK), protein kinase B (Akt), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6), Wnt/β-catenin, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and regulatory factors, such as granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α, and interferon-γ(IFN-γ). Chinese medicine is also pivotal in the prevention and treatment of malignancies. In recent years, therefore, the specific anti-tumor mechanism of Chinese medicine and its active ingredients has become a research hotspot. The tumor microenvironment is crucial to the occurrence and development of tumors. The polarization of tumor-associated macrophages is involved in the proliferation, apoptosis, and metastasis of tumor cells. Therefore, targeted regulation of the polarization of tumor-associated macrophages is a potential target for clinical treatment of malignancies. Based on the research articles published in the past three years, this article reviewed macrophage polarization and the anti-tumor mechanism of Chinese medicine from four perspectives, i.e., macrophage polarization, related pathways and regulatory factors of macrophage polarization, macrophage polarization and breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and lung cancer, and macrophage polarization and anti-tumor effects of Chinese medicine, active ingredients of Chinese medicine, and self-formulated prescriptions/classic prescriptions. This study is expected to provide certain ideas for the clinical treatment, basic research, and development of new Chinese medicine in the treatment of tumors.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the clinical effect of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children with hyper-IgM syndrome (HIGM).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 17 children with HIGM who received allo-HSCT. The Kaplan Meier method was used for the survival analysis of the children with HIGM after allo-HSCT.@*RESULTS@#After allo-HSCT, 16 children were diagnosed with sepsis; 14 tested positive for virus within 100 days after allo-HSCT, among whom 11 were positive for Epstein-Barr virus, 7 were positive for cytomegalovirus, and 2 were positive for JC virus; 9 children were found to have invasive fungal disease. There were 6 children with acute graft-versus-host disease and 3 children with chronic graft-versus-host disease. The median follow-up time was about 2 years, and 3 children died in the early stage after allo-HSCT. The children had an overall survival (OS) rate of 82.35%, an event-free survival (EFS) rate of 70.59%, and a disease-free survival (DFS) rate of 76.47%. The univariate analysis showed that the children receiving HLA-matched allo-HSCT had a significantly higher EFS rate than those receiving HLA-mismatched allo-HSCT (P=0.019) and that the children receiving HLA-matched unrelated allo-HSCT had significantly higher OS, EFS, and DFS rates than those receiving HLA-mismatched unrelated allo-HSCT (P<0.05). Compared with the children with fungal infection after allo-HSCT, the children without fungal infection had significantly higher EFS rate (P=0.02) and DFS rate (P=0.04).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Allo-HSCT is an effective treatment method for children with HIGM. HLA-matched allo-HSCT and active prevention and treatment of fungal infection and opportunistic infection may help to improve the prognosis of such children.


Subject(s)
Child , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Hyper-IgM Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the incidence of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) and its risk factors in very preterm infants (VPIs) during hospitalization in China.@*METHODS@#A prospective multicenter study was performed on the medical data of 2 514 VPIs who were hospitalized in the department of neonatology in 28 hospitals from 7 areas of China between September 2019 and December 2020. According to the presence or absence of EUGR based on the evaluation of body weight at the corrected gestational age of 36 weeks or at discharge, the VPIs were classified to two groups: EUGR group (n=1 189) and non-EUGR (n=1 325). The clinical features were compared between the two groups, and the incidence of EUGR and risk factors for EUGR were examined.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of EUGR was 47.30% (1 189/2 514) evaluated by weight. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher weight growth velocity after regaining birth weight and higher cumulative calorie intake during the first week of hospitalization were protective factors against EUGR (P<0.05), while small-for-gestational-age birth, prolonged time to the initiation of total enteral feeding, prolonged cumulative fasting time, lower breast milk intake before starting human milk fortifiers, prolonged time to the initiation of full fortified feeding, and moderate-to-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia were risk factors for EUGR (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is crucial to reduce the incidence of EUGR by achieving total enteral feeding as early as possible, strengthening breastfeeding, increasing calorie intake in the first week after birth, improving the velocity of weight gain, and preventing moderate-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in VPIs.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gestational Age , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of penetrating moxibustion on migraine without aura (MO) patients.@*METHODS@#Totally 60 MO patients from the Acupuncture Clinic of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine were collected from November 2015 to February 2017. All patients were assigned to a treatment group and a control group using a random number table, 30 cases in each group. The treatment group was treated with penetrating moxibustion, and the control group was treated with mild moxibustion, thrice a week for 4 consecutive weeks. The total effective rate, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores, headache intensity, and Migraine Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MSQ) scores of patients after treatment were compared between the two groups. The moxibustion sensation and reaction after moxibustion were observed, and the adverse reactions were evaluated. All patients were followed up at 4 and 16 weeks after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group (93.33% vs. 80.00%, P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Penetrating moxibustion can significantly relieve pain and improve quality of life of MO patients. After penetrating moxibustion, flushing and sweating of patients were obvious, and the curative effect was superior to the mild moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Migraine without Aura/therapy , Moxibustion/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of the substance benchmark of Xiao Chengqitang and evaluate its quality with chemical pattern recognition method. Method:Diamonsil C<sub>18</sub> column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm) was used, mobile phase was consisted of methanol (A)-0.1% phosphoric acid solution (B) for gradient elution (0-60 min, 20%-90%A; 60-70 min, 90%-100%A), the flow rate was 1 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the column temperature was 25 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 254 nm. The similarity evaluation system of chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine (2012 edition) was used to evaluate the similarity of HPLC fingerprint of 15 batches of substance benchmark of Xiao Chengqitang, and the chromatographic data were analyzed by cluster analysis, principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis, in order to evaluate the quality difference between different batches of substance benchmarks of Xiao Chengqitang and find out the main chemical components that caused the quality difference. Result:The HPLC fingerprint of Xiao Chengqitang substance benchmarks was established, 31 common peaks were identified, and 18 components were identified by comparing with the reference substances. The similarities of 15 batches of HPLC fingerprint of Xiao Chengqitang substance benchmarks were >0.92. The samples could be divided into two categories by three chemical pattern recognition methods. Nine main components leading to the quality discrepancy of samples between batches were screened out, including rhein, chrysophanol-8-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aloe-emodin-8-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, sennoside A, chrysophanol-1-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, rhein-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside and others. Conclusion:The established fingerprint analysis method is accurate, stable and reproducible, which basically reflects the overall chemical composition characteristics of Xiao Chengqitang, and can be used for the quality control of Xiao Chengqitang preparations.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features and prognosis of children with acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) under different diagnostic criteria.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 39 children with ALAL who were diagnosed and treated from December 2015 to December 2019. Among the 39 children, 34 received treatment. According to the diagnostic criteria for ALAL by World Health Organization and European Group for the Immunological Characterization of Leukemias, the 39 children were divided into two groups: ALAL group (@*RESULTS@#The 34 children receiving treatment had a 3-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of 75%±9% and an overall survival rate of 88%±6%. The children treated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) protocol had a 3-year EFS rate of 33%±27%, those treated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) protocol had a 3-year EFS rate of 78%±10%, and those who had no remission after induction with AML protocol and then received ALL protocol had a 3-year EFS rate of 100%±0% (@*CONCLUSIONS@#ALL protocol has a better clinical effect than AML protocol in children with ALAL, and positive MRD after induction therapy suggests poor prognosis. Hyperleukocytosis and adverse genetic changes are not observed in children with myeloid expression, and such children tend to have a good prognosis, suggesting that we should be cautious to take it as ALAL in diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1409-1413, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933265

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction secondary to a dysregulated host response to infection.It is considered a major cause of death and health loss worldwide.Surviving Sepsis Campaign: International Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock 2021, released in October 2021, included 93 total statements, which addressed screening and initial resuscitation, infection, hemodynamics, ventilation, additional therapies, and goals of care and long-term outcomes.This review interpreted the content ofthe guidelines and also analyzed the underlying issues.The guidelines provide a more accurate framework and guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sepsis, and may also provide an opportunity to urge researchers in the field of sepsis worldwide to implement further individualized research.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942294

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To improve the understanding of the clinical characteristics of immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) with central nervous system (CNS) involvement, so as to contribute to the early diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#In this study, 10 patients with IgG4-RD with CNS involvement were selected. Clinical data including demographic features, clinical manifestations, organ involvement, laboratory findings, radiological results, pathology, treatments and outcomes were collected retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#Among the 10 IgG4-RD patients complicated with CNS involvement, 6 cases manifested as pituitary involvement and 4 cases manifested as dural involvement. Only 2 patients had nervous system involvement alone, while the left patients were complicated with other organ involvement besides nervous system. Half of the patients presented nervous system involvement as the initial manifestation, and the main symptoms of nervous system included polydipsia, polyuria, headache, decreased vision and so on. In the laboratory examination, the serum IgG4 level was increased in 9 cases (90.0%), and the total serum IgE was increased in 7 cases (87.5%). At the same time, their IgG, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were increased, while complement (C) 3 and C4 were decreased in some patients. Eight patients underwent tissue biopsies in different parts, the pathological examination showed a large number of lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltration, accompanied by fibrous tissue proliferation in part. All the patients were treated with glucocorticoids, and 8 cases (80%) were given immunosuppressants at the same time, and 3 cases were treated with rituximab when they expe-rienced disease relapse. As a result, 2 cases (20%) achieved complete remission (CR), and 8 cases (80%) achieved partial remission (PR). The median follow-up time was 13.5 months, and 4 cases relapsed.@*CONCLUSION@#Pituitary and dura are common affected organs of IgG4-RD with CNS involvement. Most IgG4-RD patients with CNS involvement are combined with other organ involvement, but half of them presented nervous system involvement as the initial manifestation, and the symptoms are not typical. In order to make an early diagnosis, laboratory, imaging examination and tissue biopsy should be taken into consideration in combination if necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease , Inflammation , Pituitary Gland , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical and serological features of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) overlap syndrome (Rhupus syndrome).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 21 patients with Rhupus syndrome who were hospitalized at Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region between January 2010 and January 2018. We compared the joint involvement, autoantibodies and clinical manifestations of Rhupus syndrome with 81 cases of RA-alone and 51 cases of SLE-alone.@*RESULTS@#In 21 patients with Rhupus syndrome, there are 3 males and 18 females. Compared with the SLE-alone group, the patients with Rhupus syndrome were older [(49.43±11.66) vs. (40.59±12.73), P=0.008]. The median age of the patients with Rhupus syndrome at RA onset was significantly younger than that of the RA-alone patients [(32.58±11.14) vs. (43.11±11.83), P=0.010]. Of the 21 patients with Rhupus syndrome, the initial diagnosis was RA in 57% (12/21), except 2 male patients, the other 10 patients with SLE manifestations were menopause, the mean age of amenorrhea or menopause was (44.30±5.33) (36-50) years. The mean interval between the onset of SLE and RA was 10.83 years. Two patients started with SLE manifestations. Moreover, both diseases simultaneously developed in 33.3% of the patients. Except one male patient, 3 patients were in menopause stage when RA and SLE appeared. The positive rate of specific antibody Rhupus syndrome was similar to that of RA. Renal damage was relatively rare in SLE related manifestations, but the incidence of interstitial lung disease was higher. There were no significant differences in the prevalence of complements C3 and C4, antinuclear antibody (ANA), anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA), anti-SSA or anti-SSB antibody between the Rhupus syndrome and SLE-alone group.@*CONCLUSION@#Rhupus syndrome is an overlapping syndrome in which RA and SLE coexist. Most of the diseases occur in RA and the related manifestations of RA are more serious than those of SLE. The incidence of Rhupus syndrome may be related to the change of sex hormone levels.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Autoantibodies , Female , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872816

ABSTRACT

Xiao Chengqitang, derived from Treatise on Febrile Diseases, is composed of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex and Aurantii Fructus Immaturus. It is often used to treat Yangming Fushi light syndrome. This formula was included in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Prescription (The First Batch), which has a high clinical application value. Current researches on the chemical composition, pharmacological effect and clinical application of Xiao Chengqitang have been carried out, but the history of Xiao Chengqitang is unclear and the dose conversation method is vague. It has great difficulties in clinical rational applications of Xiao Chengqitang and the research and development of its compound preparations. In this article, the literature reports on Xiao Chengqitang were summarized from the aspects of historical evolution, literature researching of Chinese herbs, dosage conversation method, modern research in case to clarify the historical context of Xiao Chengqitang and to provide basis for the clinical application and modern scientific research of this formula.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1025-1031, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence of respiratory viral infections in patients with primary immunodeficiency disease (PID) during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.@*METHODS@#108 specimens of nasopharyngeal aspirate were collected from 22 PID patients before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from July 2016 to July 2018 in the Department of Hematology. The TR-PCR was used to detect for respiratory viruses including respiratory syncytial virus(RSV),human metapneumoviros(hMPV),coronavirus(CoV) and parainfluenza 1-3 (PIV1-3). And the clinical characteristics and co-infection were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the total 108 specimens, viral pathogens were identified in 41 (37.96%) specimens. Among which the pathogens of highest detection rate was RSV (25.9%). Different types of PID showed different virus infection rates, among which the highest infection rate was severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) patients, with the virus detection rate was 57.9%. The incidence of co-infection with two or more than two viruses was 19.5%.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with PID who undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are more susceptible to respiratory viruses. RSV is an important respiratory tract virus pathogen after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Metapneumovirus , Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases , Therapeutics , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human , Respiratory Tract Infections
15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1348-1352, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821800

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To screen the components with better anti-inflammatory effect from Codonopsis Radix polysaccharide and explore the anti-inflammatory mechanism. METHODS :Using Codonopsis Radix as sample ,the crude polysaccharide (CP) was obtained by water extraction and alcohol precipitation. After CP was separated and purified by Fast Flow DEAE Sepharose , SephadexG-150 gel column and so on ,the components CP 1-2-1 and CP 3-1-1 were obtained and then characterized. The survival rate of RAW 264.7 cell was determined by MTT method after cultured with CP ,CP1-2-1 and CP 3-1-1(0.01,0.1,1,10,100 μg/mL)for 24 and 48 h respectively. The cells were divided into blank group (blank culture medium ),model group (1 μg/mL LPS)and low-,medium- and high-concentration groups of 3 kinds of Codonopsis Radix polysaccharide (1 μg/mL LPS+25,50, 100 μg/mL CP,CP1-2-1,CP3-1-1 solution). After cultured for 24 h,NO content in cell culture solution ,mRNA expressions of TLR4,IL-6,NF-κB and TNF-α in cells were determined. RESULTS:The sugar content of CP reached (92.20±0.73)%. CP 1-2-1 was a single neutral polysaccharide composed of fructose with a relative molecular weight of 25.8 kDa. CP 3-1-1 was an acidic heteropolysaccharide composed of arabinose ,rhamnose,galactose and galacturonic acid and so on ,with a relative molecular weight of 49.5 kDa. Cell survival rates were higher than 99%,after cultured with 3 kinds of polysaccharide for 24 and 48 h. Compared with blank group ,NO content in cell culture solution and mRNA expressions of TLR 4,IL-6,NF-κB and TNF-α in cells were increased significantly in model group (P<0.05 or P< . Compared with model group , NO content in cell 2016CFB412) culture solution of each administration group was significantly reduced,mRNA expressions of TLR 4,NF-κB,TNF-α,IL-6 in cells in 50,100 μg/mL CP group were significantly decreased ong1991@163.com (P<0.05 or P<0.01);mRNA expressi ons of TLR 4,NF-κB in cells in 25 µg/mL CP 1-2-1 group and mRNA expressions of TLR 4,NF-κB,TNF-α,IL-6 in cells in 50,100 µg/mL CP 1-2-1 group were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01);mRNA expressionsof IL- 6 in cells in 25 µg/mL CP 3-1-1 group,mRNA expressions of NF-κB,TNF-α,IL-6 in cells in 50 µg/mL CP 3-1-1 group and mRNA expressions of TLR 4,NF-κB,TNF-α,IL-6 in cells in 100 µg/mL CP 3-1-1 group were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :CP,CP 1-2-1 and CP 3-1-1 all have certain anti-inflammatory activities. The mechanism may be related to inhibiting the generation and releasing of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α,IL-6 by inhibiting the activation of TLR 4/NF-κB pathway.

16.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782431

ABSTRACT

During a short period of time, the outbreak of pneumonia caused by a novel coronavirus, named Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia (NCP), was first reported in China, spreading to 24 countries and regions rapidly. The number of confirmed cases and deaths continued to rise. World Health Organization (WHO) announced that the outbreaks of the novel coronavirus have constituted a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Efficient infection control can prevent the virus from further spreading, which makes the epidemic situation under control. Due to the specialty of oral healthcare settings, the risk of cross infection is severe among patients and oral healthcare practitioners. It's more urgent to implement strict and efficient infection control protocols. This paper, based on existing guidelines and published researches pertinent to dental infection-control principles and practices, mainly discusses epidemiological characteristics of NCP and the features of nosocomial infection in oral healthcare settings, and furthermore provides recommendations on patient's evaluation, and infection control protocols in department of stomatology under current circumstance..

17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1063-1066, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776212

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of pre-acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) on exercise-induced fatigue.@*METHODS@#A total of 50 subjects were divided into an observation group and a control group by random number table method, 25 cases in each one. In the observation group, acupuncture was applied at Neiguan (PC 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) before exercise, once a day, consecutive 5-day treatment was required. In the control group, there was no intervention. The subjective fatigue perception score, serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase, heart rate and oxygen saturation before and after exercise were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before exercise, the subjective fatigue perception scores, serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase and heart rates after exercise were increased in the two groups (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Pre-acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) can effectively reduce the subjective fatigue perception score,serum levels of lactate and lactate dehydrogenase and heart rate to improve exercise-induced fatigue.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Case-Control Studies , Exercise , Physiology , Fatigue , Therapeutics , Heart Rate , Humans
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802792

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the recovery time and risk factors of coagulopathy caused by rodenticide poisoning through analyzing and following up the confirmed cases, and to provide more useful guidance information for the clinic practice.@*Methods@#A total of 96 cases with coagulation dysfunction caused by anticoagulant rodenticide poiso-ning in Children′s Hospital, Chongqing Medical University from January 2014 to December 2016, were analyzed retrospectively.The recovery time of coagulation function and the relationship between recovery time and drug involved way, dysfunction organs and poison concentration were studied respectively.@*Results@#(1) A total of 96 patients were hospitalized because of severe coagulopathy caused by the poisoning of second generation anticoagulant rodenticide.Brodifacoum was detected from 33 blood samples and the median concentration was 364 μg/L (55-4 654 μg/L). Bromadiolone was detected from 7 blood samples and the median concentration was 130 μg/L (18-652 μg/L). Brodifacoum and Bromadiolone were both detected from 8 cases and the median concentration was 741 μg/L (63-6 000 μg/L) and 11 μg/L (3-3 694 μg/L), respectively.(2) A total of 57 cases of the patients were successfully followed up.A total of 18 cases were confirmed with oral poisoning, 16 cases with dermal poisoning, while 23 cases denied any involved ways of poisoning, and 7 cases had organs dysfunction.The follow-up time was 12-54 months.All the hospitalized patients were given specific antidote Vitamin K treatment and recovered successfully without any sequelae.(3) The median recovery time of coagulopathy caused by rodenticide poisoning was 2.5 months.(4) The recovery time of coagulation function was positively correlated with the plasma concentration of Brodifacoum(r=0.619, P<0.01). (5) There was no significant correlation between recovery time and organ dysfunction or drug involved ways of poisoning involvement (all P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#The recovery time of coagulation dysfunction caused by anticoagulant rodenticide in children is much longer.The higher the concentration of Brodifacoum poison is, the longer the recovery time.Enough supplementation course of Vitamin K should be given according to the follow-up of coagulation function.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782534

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@# Many controversies still exist regarding ventilator parameters during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study aimed to investigate the CPR ventilation strategies currently being used among physicians in Chinese tertiary hospitals.@*METHODS@# A survey was conducted among the cardiac arrest team physicians of 500 tertiary hospitals in China in August, 2018. Surveyed data included physician and hospital information, and preferred ventilation strategy during CPR.@*RESULTS@# A total of 438 (88%) hospitals completed the survey, including hospitals from all 31 Chinese mainland provinces. About 41.1% of respondents chose delayed or no ventilation during CPR, with delayed ventilations all starting within 12 minutes. Of all the respondents who provided ventilation, 83.0% chose to strictly follow the 30:2 strategy, while 17.0% chose ventilations concurrently with uninterrupted compressions. Only 38.3% respondents chose to intubate after initiating CPR, while 61.7% chose to intubate immediately when resuscitation began. During bag- valve-mask ventilation, only 51.4% of respondents delivered a frequency of 10 breaths per minute. In terms of ventilator settings, the majority of respondents chose volume control (VC) mode (75.2%), tidal volume of 6–7 mL/kg (72.1%), PEEP of 0–5 cmH2O (69.9%), and an FiO2 of 100% (66.9%). However, 62.0% of respondents had mistriggers after setting the ventilator, and 51.8% had high pressure alarms.@*CONCLUSION@#There is a great amount of variability in CPR ventilation strategies among cardiac arrest team physicians in Chinese tertiary hospitals. Guidelines are needed with specific recommendations on ventilation during CPR.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 964-969, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705160

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of puerarin( Pue) against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury and in-volved mitochondrial mechanism. Methods Anoxia/reoxygenation( A/R) injury model was established in H9c2 cell. Recombinant plasmid pFLAG-VDAC1 was constructed. Cells were randomly divided into 4 groups, normal control group ( Control) , A/R group, puerarin group ( Pue + A/R ) , and pFLAG-VDAC1-Pue group. Real-time PCR was used to investigate the expression of VDAC1 at mRNA level, and the expres-sion of protein level was detected by Western blot. LDH and CK activities were measured by automatic bi-ochemical analyzer. Mitochondrial membrane potential ( Δψm) and cell apoptosis were observed by flow cy-tometry method. Mitochondrial swelling test was used to detect the opening of mitochondria permeability tran- sition pore ( mPTP) . Results Compared with control group, the expression of VDAC1 and mRNA was up-regulated in A/R group, LDH and CK activity were el-evated, and then mPTP opened, Δψm collapsed, cell apoptosis was significantly increased. Puerarin pre-treatment can lower the expression of VDAC1, main-tain Δψm, prevent the opening of mPTP, and reduce apoptosis. However, the protective effect of Puerarin could be cancelled by transfection of pFLAG-VDAC1. Conclusions The cardioprotection of Puerarin against A/R injury is closely related to down-regulation of VDAC1 and prevention of mPTP opening.

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