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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876711

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficiency of a recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay for the detection of Schistosoma japonicum infections in Oncomelania hupensis snails. Methods A group test was employed. Fifty Oncomelania snails were collected as a detection sample. The detection samples without infected snails were designated as negative specimens, while the detection samples that contained different numbers of infected snails were designated as positive specimens. A total of 10 negative specimens, 10 positive specimens containing 1 infected snail, 20 positive specimens containing 2 infected snails and 10 positive specimens containing 3 infected snails were assigned. Following random grouping, 40 specimens were subject to the florescent RAA assay using a blind method. The miradium shedding method served as a gold standard, and the sensitivity, specificity, Youden’s index and coincidence rate of the florescent RAA assay were estimated. In addition, 20 samples consisted of 5 negative specimens and 15 positive specimens with 1, 2 and 3 infected snails respectively were grouped randomly. The same specimens were detected using the crushing method and fluorescent RAA assay with the blind method in a paired-design manner. Then, the test results were compared and analyzed. Results Florescent RAA assay detected 29 positives in the 30 specimens containing different numbers of infected snails, with a sensitivity of 96.67%, and 8 negatives in the 10 detection specimens without infected snails, with a specificity of 80.00%, showing a Youden’s index of 0.77. The coincidence rate was 100% among 10 repeated assays for a detection specimen. In addition, there was no significant difference in the detection of infected snails between the florescent RAA assay and the crushing method (χ2 = 0, P > 0.05), and the actual coincidence rates of the florescent RAA assay and crushing method were 95.00% (19/20) and 90.00% (18/20) with the real results, respectively. Conclusion Fluorescent RAA assay has a favorable efficiency for the detection of S. japonicum infections in Oncomelania snails, which shows a potential in screening of S. japonicum-infected Oncomelania snails.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825223

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay for the nucleic acid detection of Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Methods The internal transcribed spacer-1 (ITS1) gene sequence of A. cantonensis was used as the detection target sequence, and the specific primers and probes were designed and synthesized, followed by screening of the primers and probes with the highest specificity, to establish the basic and fluorescent RAA assay for nucleic acid detection of A. cantonensis. The sensitivity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated by using the target gene fragment sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copy numbers and the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis as the template DNA samples, and the specificity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated by using the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis, Schistosoma mansoni, Ascaris lumbricoides, Clonorchis sinensis, Echinococcus granulosus and Ancylostoma duodenale, as well as Pomacea canaliculata and Biomphalaria straminea snail tissues as the template DNA samples. Results A fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established for nucleic acid detection of A. cantonensis, which achieved real-time amplification of the specific DNA fragment of A. cantonensis within 20 min at 37 ℃. By using the target gene fragment sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copy numbers and the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis as the DNA templates, the lowest detection limits of the fluorescent RAA assay were 10 copies/μL of recombinant plasmids and 100 pg/μL of genomic DNA, respectively. The fluorescent RAA assay was negative for detection of the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis, S. mansoni, A. lumbricoides, C. sinensis, E. granulosus, A. duodenale, and P. canaliculata and B. straminea snail tissues. Conclusions A simple, rapid fluorescent RAA assay has been successfully established, which has a high sensitivity and specificity for the nucleic acid detection of A. cantonensis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825222

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a novel nucleic acid assay for detection of Giardia lamblia based on the recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay, and evaluate its sensitivity and specificity for detection of G. lamblia. Methods The specific primer sequences and florescent probes were designed and synthesized based on the G. lamblia β-giardin gene as the target gene, and a fluorescent RAA assay was established. The recombinant plasmids at various copies (containing the β-giardin gene target sequence) and the genomic DNA of G. lamblia at various concentrations were used as templates for the fluorescent RAA assay to assess the sensitivity, and the genomic DNA from G. lamblia, Schistosoma japonicum, Clonorchis sinensis, Cryptosporidium parvum, Ascaris lumbricoides, Salmonella and Shigella was used as templates to assess the specificity of the fluorescent RAA assay. Results A novel fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established for detection of G. lamblia, which allowed the rapid and specific amplification of the target gene fragments at 39 ℃ within 20 min. The sensitivities of the fluorescent RAA assay were 102 copies/μL and 1 pg/μL for detection of the recombinant plasmid and G. lamblia genomic DNA, respectively, and the fluorescent RAA assay was negative for detection of the genomic DNA from S. japonicum, C. sinensis, C. parvum, A. lumbricoides, Salmonella and Shigella, which showed a high specificity. Conclusions A fluorescent RAA assay, which is simple, sensitive and specific, is successfully established for nucleic acid detection of G. lamblia.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825221

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a nucleic acid assay for detection of Echinococcus granulosus based on recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay. Methods The 12S rRNA gene of E. granulosus was selected as the target gene, and the specific primers and fluorescent probes for RAA assay were designed, screened and synthesized to establish a fluorescent RAA assay for detection of E. granulosus. The sensitivity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated using different copy numbers of target gene sequence-contained recombinant plasmids and various concentrations of E. granulosus genomic DNA as templates, and the specificity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated using the genomic DNA from E. granulosus, E. multilocularis, Schistosoma japonicum, S. mansoni, Ancylostoma duodenale, Clonorchis sinensis, Taenia saginata, Spirometra mansoni and Taenia solium as templates. Results A fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established for detection of E. granulosus, which achieved specific amplification of E. granulosus genomic DNA within 20 min at 39 ℃. The lowest detection limit of the fluorescent RAA assay was 10 copies/μL of recombinant plasmids and 0.1 ng/μL E. granulosus genomic DNA, which exhibited a high sensitivity, and the fluorescent RAA assay was all negative for the genomic DNA from E. multilocularis, S. japonicum, S. mansoni, A. duodenale, C. sinensis, T. saginata, Spirometra mansoni and T. solium, which exhibited a high specificity. In addition, this fluorescent RAA assay successfully detected genomic DNA from E. granulosus cysts. Conclusions A rapid, sensitive and specific fluorescent RAA assay is successfully established for nucleic acid detection of E. granulosus.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825220

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay for nucleic acid detection of Schistosoma mansoni. Methods The 121 bp highly-repeated sequence of S. mansoni was selected as the target gene fragment to be detected. The primers and fluorescent probes were designed using the Amplfix software, and a fluorescent RAA assay was established and optimized. The fluorescent RAA assay was performed to detect gradient diluent recombinant plasmids containing target gene fragment and different concentrations of S. mansoni genomic DNA to determine the sensitivity, and this assay was applied to detect the genomic DNA of S. japonicum, S. haematobium, Ancylostoma duodenale and Clonorchis sinensis to evaluate the specificity. Results A fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established, which was effective to amplify the specific gene fragments of S. mansoni within 20 min at 39 ℃. The minimum detectable limit of the fluorescent RAA assay was 10 copies/μL using recombinant plasmids as templates and 0.1 fg/μL using S. mansoni genomic DNA samples as templates. The fluorescent RAA assays were all negative for detecting the genomic DNA from S. japonicum, S. haematobium, A. duodenale and C. sinensis. Conclusions A novel fluorescent RAA assay is successfully established, which is simple, rapid, sensitive and specific to detect genomic DNA of S. mansoni.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818973

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a recombinase aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay for detection of Clonorchis sinensis. Methods The 18S ribosomal RNA (18S rRNA) sequence of C. sinensis was used as the target sequence, and specific primers and probes were designed, synthesized and screened to establish a rapid fluorescent RAA assay for the detection of C. sinensis. Then, the sensitivity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated using the recombinant plasmids containing various copy numbers of DNA fragments and C. sinensis genomic DNA at various concentrations, and the specificity of the fluorescent RAA as say was evaluated using the genomic DNA of Ascaris lumbricoides, Echinococcus granulosus, Schistosoma japonicum, Ancylostoma duodenale and S. mansoni as templates. DNA samples were extracted from the feces containing C. sinensis eggs and freshwater fish containing metacercaria for the fluorescent RAA assay, and the performance for detection of C. sinensis-infected samples was preliminarily assessed in the field. Results A fluorescent RAA assay for detection of C. sinensis was successfully established, which was feasible for specific amplification of C. sinensis genomic DNA at 39 °C within 20 min. The lowest detection limit was 10 copies/μL if the recombinant plasmid containing various copy numbers of DNA fragments was used as a template, and the lowest detection limit was 3 pg/μL if the C. sinensis genomic DNA at various concentrations served as a template. All detections were negative if the genomic DNA of A. lumbricoides, E. granulosus, S. japonicum, A. duodenale, and S. mansoni was used as templates. In addition, the fluorescent RAA assay showed a high performance for the detection of C. sinensis-infected samples in the field, which successfully detected C. sinensis-infected human and rat fecal samples and Pseudorasbora parva samples. Conclusion A fluorescent RAA assay is successfully established, which is simple, rapid, sensitivity and specific for detection of C. sinensis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818953

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay for detection of Cryptosporidium. Methods Based on Cryptosporidium-specific 18S rRNA selected as the target gene to be detected, and the primer sequences and fluorescent probes designed using the software Amplfix, and a fluorescent RAA assay was established and optimized. The fluorescent RAA assay was performed to detect 18S RNA target sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copies, genomic DNA of Cryptosporidium oocysts at various concentrations, and genomic DNA extracted from various numbers of Cryptosporidium oocysts to assess the sensitivity of the assay, and to detect genomic DNA extracted from Cryptosporidium oocysts, Giardia lamblia cysts, Schistosoma japonicum eggs, Ascaris lumbricoides eggs, Clonorchis sinensis eggs, Salmonella and Shigella to determine the specificity of the assay. Results A fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established, which was effective to amplify the specific 18S RNA gene fragments of Cryptosporidium within 20 min at 39 ℃. The lowest limits of the fluorescent RAA assay were 102 copies/μL for detection of 18S RNA target sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copies, 1 pg/μL for detection of genomic DNA of Cryptosporidium oocysts at various concentrations, and one Cryptosporidium oocyst/μL for detection of genomic DNA extracted from various numbers of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and the fluorescent RAA assay was all negative for detection of genomic DNA from G. lamblia cysts, S. japonicum eggs, A. lumbricoides eggs, C. sinensis eggs, Salmonella and Shigella. Conclusion A novel fluorescent RAA assay is successfully established, which is simple, rapid, sensitive and specific to detect genomic DNA of Cryptosporidium oocysts.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818888

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a florescent recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay for rapid detection of Schistosoma japonicum-infected Oncomelania snails and explore the optimal method for treatment of snail samples. Methods Snail samples were divided into 3 groups, and each group consisted of 7 subgroups. There were 50 uninfected snails mixed with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 infected snails in the 6 subgroups, respectively, and the remaining subgroup contained 100 uninfected snails mixed with 1 infected snails. DNA was extracted from snails in the three groups using a genomic DNA extraction kit following snail crushing and snail shells removal, crude nucleic acid extraction assay following snail crushing and snail shells removal, and crude nucleic acid extraction assay following direct snail crushing with snail shells preserved, and subjected to florescent RAA and PCR as says. The detection results were compared between the two assays. Results A florescent RAA assay was developed, which completed the detection of S. japonicum-infected snails at 39 ℃ within 30 min. Following DNA extraction from mass snail samples with a genomic DNA extraction kit following snail crushing and snail shells removal, the lowest detection limit of the florescent RAA assay was one infected snail mixed in 100 uninfected snails, while the lowest detection limit of PCR assay was one infected snail mixed in 50 uninfected snails. Following DNA extraction using crude nucleic acid extraction method following snail crushing and snail shells removal, the lowest detection limit of the florescent RAA assay was one infected snail mixed in 100 uninfected snails, while the lowest detection limit of PCR assay was 3 infected snails mixed in 50 uninfected snails. Following DNA extraction with a crude nucleic acid extraction assay following direct snail crushing with snail shells preserved, the lowest detection limit of the florescent RAA assay was 10 infected snails mixed in 50 uninfected snails, while the lowest detection limit of PCR assay was 10 infected snails mixed in 50 uninfected snails. Conclusions A fluorescent RAA assay that is rapid to detect S. japonicum-infected snails in mass snail samples is successfully developed, which is fast, sensitive and easy to perform. Crude nucleic acid extraction following snail crushing and snail shells removal is the optimal method for the treatment of snail samples.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818766

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a florescent recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay for rapid detection of Schistosoma japonicum-infected Oncomelania snails and explore the optimal method for treatment of snail samples. Methods Snail samples were divided into 3 groups, and each group consisted of 7 subgroups. There were 50 uninfected snails mixed with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 infected snails in the 6 subgroups, respectively, and the remaining subgroup contained 100 uninfected snails mixed with 1 infected snails. DNA was extracted from snails in the three groups using a genomic DNA extraction kit following snail crushing and snail shells removal, crude nucleic acid extraction assay following snail crushing and snail shells removal, and crude nucleic acid extraction assay following direct snail crushing with snail shells preserved, and subjected to florescent RAA and PCR as says. The detection results were compared between the two assays. Results A florescent RAA assay was developed, which completed the detection of S. japonicum-infected snails at 39 ℃ within 30 min. Following DNA extraction from mass snail samples with a genomic DNA extraction kit following snail crushing and snail shells removal, the lowest detection limit of the florescent RAA assay was one infected snail mixed in 100 uninfected snails, while the lowest detection limit of PCR assay was one infected snail mixed in 50 uninfected snails. Following DNA extraction using crude nucleic acid extraction method following snail crushing and snail shells removal, the lowest detection limit of the florescent RAA assay was one infected snail mixed in 100 uninfected snails, while the lowest detection limit of PCR assay was 3 infected snails mixed in 50 uninfected snails. Following DNA extraction with a crude nucleic acid extraction assay following direct snail crushing with snail shells preserved, the lowest detection limit of the florescent RAA assay was 10 infected snails mixed in 50 uninfected snails, while the lowest detection limit of PCR assay was 10 infected snails mixed in 50 uninfected snails. Conclusions A fluorescent RAA assay that is rapid to detect S. japonicum-infected snails in mass snail samples is successfully developed, which is fast, sensitive and easy to perform. Crude nucleic acid extraction following snail crushing and snail shells removal is the optimal method for the treatment of snail samples.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818521

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a recombinase aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay for detection of Clonorchis sinensis. Methods The 18S ribosomal RNA (18S rRNA) sequence of C. sinensis was used as the target sequence, and specific primers and probes were designed, synthesized and screened to establish a rapid fluorescent RAA assay for the detection of C. sinensis. Then, the sensitivity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated using the recombinant plasmids containing various copy numbers of DNA fragments and C. sinensis genomic DNA at various concentrations, and the specificity of the fluorescent RAA as say was evaluated using the genomic DNA of Ascaris lumbricoides, Echinococcus granulosus, Schistosoma japonicum, Ancylostoma duodenale and S. mansoni as templates. DNA samples were extracted from the feces containing C. sinensis eggs and freshwater fish containing metacercaria for the fluorescent RAA assay, and the performance for detection of C. sinensis-infected samples was preliminarily assessed in the field. Results A fluorescent RAA assay for detection of C. sinensis was successfully established, which was feasible for specific amplification of C. sinensis genomic DNA at 39 °C within 20 min. The lowest detection limit was 10 copies/μL if the recombinant plasmid containing various copy numbers of DNA fragments was used as a template, and the lowest detection limit was 3 pg/μL if the C. sinensis genomic DNA at various concentrations served as a template. All detections were negative if the genomic DNA of A. lumbricoides, E. granulosus, S. japonicum, A. duodenale, and S. mansoni was used as templates. In addition, the fluorescent RAA assay showed a high performance for the detection of C. sinensis-infected samples in the field, which successfully detected C. sinensis-infected human and rat fecal samples and Pseudorasbora parva samples. Conclusion A fluorescent RAA assay is successfully established, which is simple, rapid, sensitivity and specific for detection of C. sinensis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818501

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay for detection of Cryptosporidium. Methods Based on Cryptosporidium-specific 18S rRNA selected as the target gene to be detected, and the primer sequences and fluorescent probes designed using the software Amplfix, and a fluorescent RAA assay was established and optimized. The fluorescent RAA assay was performed to detect 18S RNA target sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copies, genomic DNA of Cryptosporidium oocysts at various concentrations, and genomic DNA extracted from various numbers of Cryptosporidium oocysts to assess the sensitivity of the assay, and to detect genomic DNA extracted from Cryptosporidium oocysts, Giardia lamblia cysts, Schistosoma japonicum eggs, Ascaris lumbricoides eggs, Clonorchis sinensis eggs, Salmonella and Shigella to determine the specificity of the assay. Results A fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established, which was effective to amplify the specific 18S RNA gene fragments of Cryptosporidium within 20 min at 39 ℃. The lowest limits of the fluorescent RAA assay were 102 copies/μL for detection of 18S RNA target sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copies, 1 pg/μL for detection of genomic DNA of Cryptosporidium oocysts at various concentrations, and one Cryptosporidium oocyst/μL for detection of genomic DNA extracted from various numbers of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and the fluorescent RAA assay was all negative for detection of genomic DNA from G. lamblia cysts, S. japonicum eggs, A. lumbricoides eggs, C. sinensis eggs, Salmonella and Shigella. Conclusion A novel fluorescent RAA assay is successfully established, which is simple, rapid, sensitive and specific to detect genomic DNA of Cryptosporidium oocysts.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1414-1421, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780015

ABSTRACT

By using the integrated pharmacology platform and the big data of traditional Chinese medicine combined with the pharmacology thinking of "principle-recipe-composition-target-pathway-activity" in this study, we predicted the material basis and mechanisms of Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix drug pair for the treatment of diabetes. Fifty-nine active components were predicted, which included saponins, flavones, essential oil, fatty acids and so on. They acted on twenty-two direct targets and twenty-six main pathways respectively.The known disease targets of diabetes include arginine vasopressin receptor gene (AVP), retinoblastoma (RB1), receptor active modified protein (RAMP), platelet growth factor receptor (PDGFR), insulin receptor (INSR), α-glucosidase (GAA), etc. The pathways with diabetes effect involves endocrine system, circulatory system, digestive system, thyroid hormone signaling pathway, ErbB signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, lipid metabolism and other related biological processes and metabolic pathways. The results of virtual screening in molecular docking technology indicate that flavonoids from Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix drug pair can easily form good docking mode and high affinity with peroxisome proliferators activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), showing antidiabetic activity. The study provides information for the treatment of diabetes by Bupleuri Radix and Scutellariae Radix drug pair, and a new thought for the study of drug pair and complex prescription.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704275

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a novel method for the detection of Schistosoma japonicum specific gene fragments by re-combinase aided isothermal amplification(RAA).Methods The gene fragment SjG28 of S.japonicum was selected as the tar-get gene fragment to be detected,and the primers were designed according to the mechanism of RAA reaction.The reaction of isothermal amplification of S.japonicum was established and optimized.Then this method was applied to amplify and detect the specific gene fragment in the gradient diluent SjG28-recombiant plasmids and different concentrations of S.japonicum genomic DNA to estimate the sensitivity of this method.The samples were also detected by polymerase chain reaction(PCR)in parallel as control.This method was applied to detect the genomic DNA of S.mansoni,Ascaris lumbricoides,and Ancylostoma duodenale to evaluate the specificity.Results The specific gene fragment was amplified from genomic DNA of adult worms and eggs of S.japonicum by recombinase aided isothermal amplification reaction established in this study.The reaction can be completed with-in 30 minutes and the minimum detectable template was 20 copies of plasmids or 0.5 ng of genomic DNA per microliter.Other parasites'genomic DNAs,such as S.mansoni,A.lumbricoides,An.duodenale and healthy human blood genomic DNA were not able to be detected by this method.Conclusion A novel method for the detection of S.japonicum specific gene fragments by re-combinase aided isothermal amplification is established in this study,which can be carried out conveniently and rapidly with a considerable sensitivity and specificity,showing the prospect for application in the diagnosis of schistosomiasis japonica.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853369

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the pharmacokinetic profile of Yuanhu Zhitong Tablet (YZT) when administered to Beagle's dogs, a simple and sensitive method for determining tetrahydropalmatine and imperatorin in plasma of dogs was developed and validated by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Methods: Plasma samples were treated by a liquid-liquid extraction method with methyl tertiary butyl ether. Etofesalamide was used as internal standard (IS). The separation was performed on a ZORBAX Eclipse XDB-C18 column (50 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) at 40 ℃ with a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min using gradient mobile phase. The mobile phase was consisted with methanol and 0.1% formic acid in water. After separated by liquid chromatography, analytes and IS were detected in electrospray ionization source (ESI) positive ion mode at the specific multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) transitions of m/z 356.2 [M + H]+→m/z 192.1 for tetrahydropalmatine, m/z 271.1 [M + H]+→m/z 203.0 for imperatorin, and m/z 258.1 [M + H]+→m/z 121.1 for IS. The pharmacokinetic parameters for tetrahydropalmatine and imperatorin were calculated by WinNonlin 6.3 pharmacokinetic program using non-compartmental analysis. Results: Good linearity was achieved over the concentration ranges of 0.05-20 ng/mL for tetrahydropalmatine and 0.005-2 ng/mL for imperatorin, with the lower quantification limit of 0.05 and 0.005 ng/mL, respectively. The intra-and inter-batch precisions were less than 14.4%, and the accuracies were within ± 7.19% for all analytes. The mean extraction recoveries of analytes were between 88.2%-107%, and the matrix effects of analytes were between 82.2%-108%. The pharmacokinetic parameters of tetrahydropalmatine after ig administration of YZT including tmax, Cmax, AUC0~t, AUC0~∞, MRT0~t, MRT0~∞, Vd, CL, and t1/2 were as follows: (1.08 ± 0.20) h, (48.70 ±18.10) ng/mL, (170.00 ± 75.70) h·ng/mL, (178.00 ± 77.50) h·ng/mL, (6.41 ± 1.13) h, (8.09 ± 1.85) h, (133.00 ± 63.00) L, (11.90 ± 5.54) L/h, and (7.71 ± 1.07) h; The pharmacokinetic parameters of imperatorin were (1.17 ± 0.26) h, (0.063 4 ± 0.023 5) ng/mL, (0.1760 ± 0.091 9) h·ng/mL, (0.204 0 ± 0.097 3) h·ng/mL, (2.550 ± 0.669) h, (3.640 ± 0.818) h, (22 351 ± 7 990) L, (7 917 ± 6 030) L/h, and (2.390 ± 0.877) h. Conclusion: The fully validated LC-MS/MS method is successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study on tetrahydropalmatine and imperatorin in Beagle's dogs following ig administration of YZT.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the therapeutic effects of bicyclol combined with ganciclocir on infantile cytomegalovirus hepatitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy infants with cytomegalovirus hepatitis were randomized into treatment group (n=35) and control group (n=35) for a 2-week-long treatment with ganciclocir (5 mg/kg) with and without oral bicyclol (3 mg/kg, twice daily), respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In both groups, significant changes occurred in the levels of alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, serum total bilirubin, serum total bile acid, and glutamyl transpeptidase after the 2-week treatment (P<0.01); these parameters differed significantly between the two groups after the treatment (P<0.01). Compared with those in the control group, the infants in the treatment group showed significantly better responses to the treatment (P<0.05) with a significantly higher rate of serum anti CMV IgM negativity (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Bicyclol combined with ganciclocir can reduce glutamic pyruvic transaminase, alkaline phosphatase and serum total bilirubin, and decrease bile acid levels to lessen liver cell damage and promote the recovery of liver cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Metabolism , Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Bilirubin , Blood , Biphenyl Compounds , Therapeutic Uses , Cytomegalovirus , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ganciclovir , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatitis , Drug Therapy , Virology , Humans , Infant , Liver Function Tests
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 811-815, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350398

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) (EOD) is often particularly malignant due to its special clinical features, accompanying impaired social function, protracted recovery time, and frequent recurrence. This study aimed to observe the effects of age onset on clinical characteristics and social function in MDD patients in Asia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In total, 547 out-patients aged 18-65 years who were from 13 study sites in five Asian countries were included. These patients had MDD diagnose according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 th Edition criteria. Clinical features and social function were assessed using Symptom Checklist-90-revised (SCL-90-R) and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). Quality of life was assessed by a 36-item Short-form Health Survey (SF-36). Analyses were performed using a continuous or dichotomous (cut-off: 30 years) age-of-onset indicator.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Early-onset MDD (EOD, <30 years) was associated with longer illness (P = 0.003), unmarried status (P < 0.001), higher neuroticism (P ≤ 0.002) based on the SCL-90-R, and more limited social function and mental health (P = 0.006, P = 0.007) based on the SF-36 and SDS. The impairment of social function and clinical severity were more prominent at in-patients with younger onset ages. Special clinical features and more impaired social function and quality of life were associated with EOD, as in western studies.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EOD often follows higher levels of neuroticism. Age of onset of MDD may be a predictor of clinical features and impaired social function, allowing earlier diagnosis and treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Age of Onset , Aged , Anxiety Disorders , Depressive Disorder, Major , Psychology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neuroticism , Quality of Life , Young Adult
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the sociodemographic and clinical factors related to anxiety in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: This study involved a secondary analysis of data obtained from the Diagnostic Assessment Service for People with Bipolar Disorders in China (DASP), which was initiated by the Chinese Society of Psychiatry (CSP) and conducted from September 1, 2010 to February 28, 2011. Based on the presence or absence of anxiety-related characteristics, 1,178 MDD patients were classified as suffering from anxious depression (n=915) or non-anxious depression (n=263), respectively. RESULTS: Compared with the non-anxious group, the anxious-depression group had an older age at onset (t=-4.39, p<0.001), were older (t=-4.69, p<0.001), reported more lifetime depressive episodes (z=-3.24, p=0.001), were more likely to experience seasonal depressive episodes (chi2=6.896, p=0.009) and depressive episodes following stressful life events (chi2=59.350, p<0.001), and were more likely to have a family history of psychiatric disorders (chi2=6.091, p=0.014). Their positive and total scores on the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) and the 32-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32) (p<0.05) were also lower. The logistic regression analysis indicated that age (odds ratio [OR]=1.03, p<0.001), a lower total MDQ score (OR=0.94, p=0.011), depressive episodes following stressful life events (OR=3.04, p<0.001), and seasonal depressive episodes (OR=1.75, p=0.039) were significantly associated with anxious depression. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that older age, fewer subclinical bipolar features, an increased number of depressive episodes following stressful life events, and seasonal depressive episodes may be risk factors for anxiety-related characteristics in patients with MDD.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Bipolar Disorder , Checklist , China , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Depressive Disorder, Major , Humans , Logistic Models , Mood Disorders , Risk Factors , Seasons
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4470-4476, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327546

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Large and giant medial sphenoid wing meningiomas that are located deeply in the skull base where they are closely bounded by cavernous sinus, optic nerve, and internal carotid artery make the gross resection hard to achieve. Also, this kind of meningiomas is often accompanied by a series of severe complications. Therefore, it was regarded as a formidable challenge to even the most experienced neurosurgeons. This study aimed to investigate the clinical features and management experience of patients with large and giant medial sphenoid wing meningiomas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this study, 53 patients (33 female and 20 male, mean age of 47.5 years) with large and giant medial sphenoid wing meningiomas were treated surgically between April 2004 to March 2012, with their clinical features analyzed, management experience collected, and treatment results investigated retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In this study, gross total resection (Simpson I and II) was applied in 44 patients (83%). Fifty-three patients had accepted the routine computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging scan as postoperative neuroradiological evaluation. Their performance showed surgical complications of vascular lesions and helped us evaluate patients' conditions, respectively. Meanwhile, the drugs resisting cerebral angiospasm, such as Nimodipine, were infused in every postoperative patient through vein as routine. As a result, 11 patients (21%) were found to have secondary injury of cranial nerves II, III, and IV, and nine patients got recovered during the long-term observing follow-up period. Temporary surgical complications of vascular lesions occurred after surgery, such as cerebral angiospasm, ischemia, and edema; 24 patients (45%) appeared to have infarction and dyskinesia of limbs. Overall, visual ability was improved in 41 patients (77%). No patient died during the process.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Microsurgical treatment may be the most effective method for the large and giant medial sphenoid wing meningiomas. The surgical strategy should focus on survival and postoperative living quality.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Meningeal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Meningioma , General Surgery , Middle Aged
19.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 359-367, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis induction effect of dextran-magnetic layered double hydroxide-fluorouracil (DMF) drug delivery system on colon cancer cell SW480 cultivated in vitro. METHODS: MTT experiment was used to detect the cell proliferation inhibition rates of DET-MLDH-FU, MLDH-FU and MLDH supra-molecules at various concentrations. Light microscopy and Giemsa dyeing methods were applied for characterizing the shape change of the apoptotic cells. Flow cytometric analysis was employed to test the apoptosis rates of SW480 cells treated with different drugs for 24 h. DNA ladder method was used to analyze nuclei breakup of the apoptosis cells. RESULTS: The IC50 of MLDH, MLDH-FU and DMF three-level supra-molecules for SW480 cells were 44.83(25.74, 48.78), 15.16(13.78, 16.66) and 13.33 (11.03, 15.13) μg · mL-1, respectively. The proliferation of colon cancer cells SW480 was obviously restrained after being treated with 5-Fu and equivalent MLDH, MLDH-FU and DMF of different concentrations for 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively. The result revealed that the inhibition rates increased in the sequence of MLDH

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247116

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the allergic status to common inhalant allergens and food allergens in clinical patients in Harbin in northeastern China and provide evidence to develop the prevention strategy of allergic disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data were collected from 5 473 patients with clinical suspected allergic diseases seeking medical care in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University. Among these patients, 2 530 (46.2%) were males aged 0-86 years, the youngest was only 1 month old and 2 579 (47.1%) were young children and teenagers. The serum specific Immunoglobulin E (sIgE) to 14 kinds of common allergens and serum total IgE were detected by using AllergyScreen test (Mediwiss Analytic GmbH, Moers, Germany).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 5 473 subjects the positive rate of sIgE was 33.1% (n=1 813). Cow milk (6.9%) and wheat (3.1%) were the most common food allergens, followed by house dust mite mix (12.5%) and mould mix (9.4%) and the age and gender specific differences in the positive rate were significant. For the children aged <7 years the positive rates to cow milk, beef-mutton, and egg white/egg yolk were high, but the positive rates to house dust mite mix, ragweed estragon, and mould mix were low (P<0.05). For the adults the positive rates to aeroallergens were high while the rates to food allergens were low.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results from this study showed that the food allergens in Harbin had geographic characteristics, which support the viewpoint that the environment factors play an important role in the incidence of allergic diseases. Also, the detection of sIgE and total IgE are essential to identify relevant allergens for the purpose of early diagnosis, management and prevention of allergic disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Allergens , Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Cities , Female , Food Hypersensitivity , Epidemiology , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Respiratory Hypersensitivity , Epidemiology , Allergy and Immunology , Sex Factors , Young Adult
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