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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 596-600, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805210

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between the preterm birth and low birth weight and parental thalassemia.@*Methods@#Pregnant women and their husbands receiving prenatal examination in local hospitals or maternal and child health centers in Jingxi and Debao in Guangxi from January to December 2017 were selected as study subjects. A total of 758 pregnant women with pregnancy outcomes and their husbands, who were both or alone diagnosed with thalassemia through thalassemia gene detection, were selected as case group and 758 pregnant women with pregnancy outcomes and their husbands, who were negative in thalassemia gene detection and hemoglobin electrophoresis test were selected as control groups. The case group were further divided into mother group, father group and both mother and farther group. Clinical and pregnancy outcome data of the study subjects were collected for the analysis on the association between parental thalassaemia and preterm birth or low birth weight by the independent sample t test, χ2 test and Cox regression analysis.@*Results@#The incidence of preterm birth in case group and control group was about 6.5% and 1.6% and the incidence of low birth weight in case group and control group was about 7.3% and 0.8%. After adjusting for possible confounding factors, Cox regression analysis results showed that mother suffering from thalassemia (aRR=3.45, 95%CI: 1.35-8.81, P=0.010), fathers suffering from thalassemia (aRR=4.93, 95%CI: 2.16-11.21, P<0.001) and both mother and farther suffering from thalassemia (aRR=5.13, 95%CI: 2.62-10.04, P<0.001) were associated with preterm birth. Mother suffering from thalassemia (aRR=12.98, 95%CI: 4.91-34.30, P<0.001), fathers suffering from thalassemia (aRR=9.40, 95%CI: 3.40-25.95, P<0.001) and both mother and farther suffering from thalassemia (aRR=10.74, 95%CI: 4.44-26.00, P<0.001) were associated with low birth weight. The newborn whose parent all suffered from thalassemia had higher risks for preterm birth (χ2=22.72, P<0.001)and low birth weight (χ2=34.03, P<0.001) compared with those only with mother or father suffering from thalassemia.@*Conclusion@#Parental thalassaemia, including both sides and single side, might increase the risks of preterm birth and low birth weight for newborn, and the risks might be higher in newborn with both mother and father suffering from thalassaemia.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804835

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To construct influenza B virus Vero cell adapted strain by genetic recombination technology by using the influenza B virus Vero cell adapted strain as the parent strain.@*Methods@#The chick embryo and Vero cell were co-infected with influenza virus Vero cell adapted strain B/Malaysia/2506/2004 Va (Bv) and the vaccine strain B/massachusetts/2/2012 (BX-51B) recommended by WHO. The reassortants were screened with the anti-Bv serum. Plaque-purified reassortants were used to screen for Vero cell-adapted influenza B virus strains containing the surface antigen of the epidemic strain.@*Results@#A Vero cell-adapted influenza B virus strain was obtained with successive passage in Vero cells. The hemagglutination inhibition test and the one-way immunogold agar diffusion test both showed that the reassortant virus was homologous to NYMC BX-51B, and sequence analysis result showed that the reassortment virus has the same HA and NA gene with the vaccine strain.@*Conclusion@#B/Malaysia/2506/2004Va (Bv) can be used as a parent strain to prepare Vero cell vaccine against influenza B virus.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 927-932, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810344

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To recognize the efficacy and safety of paritaprevir/ritonavir-ombitasvir combined with dasabuvir (OBV/PTV/RTV+DSV) in the treatment of genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C.@*Methods@#Patients with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C who were admitted to the People's Hospital of Henan Province, Huashan Hospital of Shanghai and the Fifth Medical Center of the General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army of China between November 2017 to August 2018 were enlisted. All patients received OBV/PTV/RTV+DSV antiviral therapy. HCV RNA levels were measured at baseline, weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, and 24, then 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after completion of treatment; patients’ comorbidity, concomitant medications, and clinical adverse events were recorded.@*Results@#108 patients were enrolled in the study, with an average age of 49.1 years, 44 patients were male (40.8%), 96.3% (104/108) were newly diagnosed, and four patients had previous treatment history, of whom three were treated with IFN and one with IFN + DAA. Ninety-eight cases completed 12 weeks treatment and 89 cases were in follow up for 12 weeks, after discontinuation of the drug. Overall, 89 cases (100%) achieved SVR12.One patient treated with PR and DAA had HCV RNA level of 869175 IU/mL at 4 weeks of treatment, which was significantly higher than the baseline HCV RNA level (301776IU/ML), and was judged as failure of treatment; and follow-up was discontinued. Of all enrolled patients, 19 (17.6%) had underlying diseases and 15 (13.9%) had combined medications. During treatment, adverse events (AE) occurred in 11 patients (10.1%). The main adverse events were pruritus and elevated bilirubin.@*Conclusion@#Combined antiviral therapy (OBV/PTV/RTV+DSV) of 12 weeks are highly effective with good safety profile in the treatment of Chinese patients with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806796

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To sample survey the relationship between acute mountain sickness and mental health of officers and soldiers, so as to provide theoretical direction for the psychological prevent and counsel of them.@*Methods@#In May 2017, 61 officers and soldiers were selectedas subject investigated, and divided to AMS group included 35 persons and non-AMS group included 26 persons according to the finding of theAMS symptom division point table, then used symptom self-testing tableto test and evaluate the mental health of them.@*Results@#The AMS group showed significantly higher scores on the psychological parameters such as omatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, phobicanxiety, parnoid ideation and so on (105.20±13.82, 1.37±0.26, 1.14±0.21, 1.16±0.19, 1.16±0.18, 1.06±0.11, 1.10±0.17, 1.22±0.19, P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#The mental factors of omatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, phobic anxiety, parnoid ideation and so on had great influence on AMS, we should pay attention to these factors and carry on mental intervention, and enhance anti-stress ability of individual, to ensure the successful completion of plateau military mission.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 426-428, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806713

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection by survey methods based on big data of hospital.@*Methods@#Inpatients data of anti-HCV was collected in 2016 and 2011. Patient’s data related to Department of Liver Diseases were excluded. The research population was divided into Surgical and Non-surgical Department. The characteristics of the two groups were analyzed and the changing trends of anti -HCV positive rate in different years was compared and analyzed.@*Results@#Patients in the surgical and non-surgical department of hospital were equally distributed across gender, urban and rural areas, and region, but the distribution of patients in surgical departments were relatively equal in all age groups. The positive rate of anti -HCV in hospitalized patients in 2016 was 0.82%, and anti -HCV positive rate was 0.58% in surgical department of 1~55 years old. Among them, anti-HCV was positive in 0.06% who underwent surgical procedure at the age of ≤25 (born after 1993 and screened for hepatitis C antibody), which was significantly lower than those in other age groups were. The anti -HCV positive rate of patients (all age groups) was lower in 2016 than that in 2011(0.75% vs. 0.97%). The anti-HCV positive rates of surgical department in both years had a decreasing trend with age.@*Conclusion@#The prevalence rate of anti-HCV, among patients population of operation departments, might reflect the prevalence rate of HCV infection among general population. Using the convenience of hospital data acquisition, we might dynamically understand the change of HCV infection.

6.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 12-16, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510261

ABSTRACT

Objective To prolong the working time of the crew under a high temperature and high humidity environment in armored vehicles , improve work efficiency , and to prevent excessive heat load from doing any harm to the human body . Methods The man-machine environment was analyzed , the corresponding environment and the conditions aboard were further quantitatively studied , and man-machine-environment interactions were analyzed .Also,a questionnaire survey was conducted at the same time .Results and Conclusion The thermal equilibrium and thermal comfort calculation program were compiled and validated through the questionnaire survey in order to provide support for environment assessment and protection design .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641053

ABSTRACT

Background Idiopathic orbital inflammatory pseudotumor (IOIP) is a commom orbital disease,with serious eye symptoms and replase tendency,and its pathogenesis is still unclear.Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)-related proteins participate in many important pathophysiological process,however,whether NF-κB plays a role in the IOIP process is worthy of attention.Objective This study was to explore the roles of NF-κB pathway in IOIP pathogenesis.Methods Twenty-four IOIP specimens were collected during surgery in Beijing Tongren Hospital from September 2010 to May 2016.The histopathological characteristics of IOIP were examined by hematoxylin and eosin staining.The expression and location of NF-κB/p65,p-p65,p50 and inhibitor of κB (IκB-ot) were detected by immunohistochemistry and verified by immunocytochemistry and Western blot assay.Results The histopathological features of IOIP were numerous small lymphocyte infiltraion and fibrous tissue proliferation,and a lot of epithelioid cells were seen in lacrimal gland-involved specimens.NF-κB/p65 was positively expressed in the cytoplasm of all 24 specimens and the nucleus in 15 specimens with the expressing rate of 62.5%.p50 was expressed in the cytoplasm in 22 specimens with the expressing rate of 91.7% and in the nucleus in 17 specimens with the expressing rate of 70.8%.The positive expression of p-p65 was found in 22 specimens with the expressing rate of 91.7%,and IκB-α was expressed in the cytoplasm of 11 specimens with the expressing rate of 45.8%.These results were confirmed by immunocytochemistry and Western blot assay.Conclusions NF-κB pathway is activiated during IOIP process,and NF-κB pathway may be involved in the pathogenesis of IOIP.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638268

ABSTRACT

Background The current evaluation of corneal optical quality after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) is based on the single factor,such as scattering,diffraction or aberration,and all of them are not comprehensive and objective methods.Modulation transfer function (MTF) and Strehl ratio (ST) are novel parameters of corneal optical quality,which can be used to assess the optical quality comprehensively.Objective This study was to evaluate the change of MTF and SR under the photopic and scotopic environment (3 mm and 6 mm pupil size,respectively) after SMILE procedure.Methods The study protocol was approved by Ethic Committee of Tianjin Eye Hospital,and written informed consent was obtained from each patient before any medical procedure.A series cases-observational study with self-control design was carried out.Sixty-three eyes of 32 myopia or myopic astigmatism patients who underwent SMILE surgery in Tianjin Eye Hospital were included from December 2013 to March 2014.The uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA),best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) (LogMAR),the effective index (postoperative UCVA/preoperative BCVA) and refractive diopter were examined,and the MTF,SR and root mean square (RMS) on the anterior corneal surface were measured under the 3 mm and 6 mm pupil size at different spatial frequencies (10,20,30,40,50 and 60 c/d) by Sirius anterior analyzer before surgery and 1 week,1 month and 3 months after surgery,respectively.Results UCVA was ≥0.8 in 59,62 and 63 eyes in 1 week,1 month and 3 months after SMILE,with the percentage of 93.65%,98.41% and 100%,and the effective index was 1.104± 0.128,1.126±0.145 and 1.158±0.208,respectively.The refractive diopter was normal in the eyes at postoperative 3 months.The MTFs of various spatial frequencies on the vertical and horizontal meridian under the 3 mm pupil size after SMILE were significantly higher than those before SMILE,while under the 6 mm pupil size,the MTFs were higher only on vertical meridian and 10,20,30 and 40 e/d,and there were not significant differences on the horizontal meridian (all at P<0.05).The SRs under the 3 mm and 6 mm pupil size showed increasing softly after surgery in comparison with before surgery,and the SRs were higher under the 3 mm pupil size than those under the 6 mm pupil size at various time points (all at P<0.05).There were not significant differences in RMS among different time points under both 3 mm pupil size and 6 mm pupil size (3 mm pupil size:F =1.348,P =0.184;6 mm pupil size:F=1.990,P=0.137).Conclusions SMILE provides a great improvement in corneal optical quality for myopia or myopic astigmatism patients,which is more distinct in photopic condition than that in scotopic condition.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490666

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the relationship between the expression of adducin 3 (ADD3) and its splicing isoforms and colorectal cancer (CRC).METHODS:The expression of ADD3, ADD3-Ia and ADD3-Ib in 50 pair of CRC tissues , 20 pairs of colorectal polyp tissues , and 2 CRC cell lines SW480 and SW620 before and after oxaliplatin or fluoroura-cil intervention were detected by real-time PCR.The cell activity was determined by MTT assay , the cell migration ability was evaluated by wound-healing assay , and the cell invasion ability was measured by Transwell assay .RESULTS:The expres-sion levels of ADD3 and ADD3-Ib were decreased in the CRC tissues as compared with the normal mucous (P<0.01), and ADD3-Ia/Ib ratio was increased in the CRC tissues (P<0.01).The expression level of ADD3-Ia was higher in T3-4 group than that in T1-2 group (P<0.05).Reduced expression of ADD3, ADD3-Ia and ADD3-Ib in colorectal polyps was observed compared with the normal tissues (P<0.01).Compared with the SW480 cells, the expression levels of ADD3-Ia and ADD3-Ib were lower (P<0.05) and the ADD3-Ia/Ib ratio was higher (P <0.01) in the SW620 cells.After treated with oxalipla-tin or fluorouracil, the cell activity, migration and invasion in the SW620 and SW480 cells were weakened accompanied by the increases in the expression levels of ADD 3, ADD3-Ia and ADD3-Ib to various certain extents .CONCLUSION:In CRC there is a tendency that ADD3-Ib reduction leads to ADD3 decrease, accompanied by an increased ADD3-Ia/Ib ratio.The expression changes of ADD 3 and its splicing isoforms in the CRC may be relevant to its invasion ability .

10.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 110-112, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488354

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between psychological quality and performance capacity of the crew in armored equipment so as to provide scientific evidence for the training of crew .Methods The psychological quality of 82 crew members of armored cavalry was tested and analyzed by neurobehavioral testers and questionnaires .Results and Conclusion The education level and age had no significant effect on the performance capacity among the armored crew . The test results of psychological quality parameters showed the same trend as the performance capacity of the crew , but their psychological health status had obvious effect on the performance capacity .The psychological quality of the crew had great influence on their performance capacity ,so we should pay attention to mental intervention ,enhance psychological protection ability of the crew , and improve their combat effectiveness continuously .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486546

ABSTRACT

Objective Using infrared spectroscopy to analyze three kinds of lignum Chinese medicine to provide a theoretical basis for the establishment of medicinal overall quality evaluation system. Methods Functional groups identification, Fourier Transform-infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR) and the second derivative infrared spectroscopy (SD-IR) could be applicable to analyze and identify the overall chemical composition of three kinds of lignum Chinese medicine. Results The main chemical components of Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum (ALR), Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum (DOL) and Sappan Lignum (SL) were cellulose, lignin and aromatics. The main chemical compositions of Sappan Lignum (SL) were cellulose, lignin and aromatics. The differences in FT-IR and SD-IR of DOL and SL indicated that they had different aromatic compounds. Conclusion Infrared spectroscopy can be used as a simple and accurate quality control method of three kinds of lignum Chinese medicine.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494451

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the general situation of acupuncture-moxibustion in treating perimenopausal insomnia, as well as the treatment methods and acupoints selection.Method Domestic databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, and database of China Biomedical Literature (CBM) were retrieved by using computer, and the literatures related to acupuncture-moxibustion in treating perimenopausal insomnia, published till December of 2014 were recruited. The general data, treatment methods, and acupoints selection of the eligible studies were statistically analyzed.Result Finally 85 studies were enrolled, of which, 76 were clinical trials with acupoints recorded; according to the frequency, the treatment methods were dry acupuncture-moxibustion methods (57.9%), comprehensive treatment of Chinese medicine (23.7%), and integrated method of Chinese and Western medicine (18.4%); the use of body acupuncture ranked the top (51.3%) among the acupuncture-moxibustion methods, followed by auricular point therapy (23.7%), moxibustion (9.2%), abdominal acupuncture (7.9%), and acupoint application (7.9%); the following acupoints ranked the top 10 among the used acupoints: Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenmen (HT 7), Baihui (GV 20), Shenshu (BL 23), Taichong (LR 3), Xinshu (BL 15), Taixi (KI 3), Neiguan (PC 6), Pishu (BL 20), and Zusanli (ST 36). The corresponding meridians in order were the Bladder Meridian, Spleen Meridian, Kidney Meridian, Governor Vessel, Liver Meridian, Heart Meridian, Stomach Meridian, Conception Vessel, Pericardium Meridian, Gallbladder Meridian, Large Intestine Meridian, and Triple Energizer Meridian; the used points were mostly distributed on lower limbs, then head and neck, back, upper limbs, and chest and abdomen.Conclusion Currently, the research in this field is focused on clinical prevention and treatment, while the theory and mechanism studies are comparatively less; based on the treatment principle of targeting the fundamental cause, it also presents the principle of selecting points according to meridians and regions in the treatment of perimenopausal insomnia with acupuncture-moxibustion.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2144-2150, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483863

ABSTRACT

eEF1A2 might be a putative oncoprotein in HCC .eEF1A2 over-expression has noticeable effects on the HCC cell prolifera-tion enhancement , differentiation inhibition , and cell cycle acceleration through the G 0/G1 phase to S phase and G 2/M phases.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460084

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the double DNA of trisomy 21 syndrome patients by denaturing high-performance liquid chro-matography(DHPLC) in order to rapidly diagnose trisomy 21 syndrome .Methods To amplify DNA fragments of three short tan-dem repeats of D21S111 ,D21S1411 and D21S1412 using corresponding primers .Then DHPLC was introduced to analyze the DNA fragments in the temperature of 50 ℃ .Results DHPLC elution profiles of D21S111 ,D21S1411 and D21S1412 of normal control showed one peak or two peaks with the same altitude .However DHPLC elution profiles of 21 trisomy syndrome patients showed two peaks of different altitudes ,which one′s altitude was twice than another .Conclusion DHPLC is a sensitive ,convenient ,auto-matic and highly-efficient method to diagnose trisomy 21 syndrome and can be widely used in the clinic diagnosis .

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424845

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) for human coronaviruses(HCoV)-NL63,HCoV-HKU1,HCoV-OC43 and HCoV-229E,and to investigate the prevalence of the four coronaviruses in children with acute respiratory tract infection(ARTI) in Fuzhou area.Methods Totally of 538 nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from pediatric patients with ARTI,including 289 specimens from children with acute upper respiratory tract infection (AURTI) and 249 from acute lower respiratory tract infection (AURTI) during three consecutive winter-spring seasons from December to April of 2006 - 2009 in Fuzhou area.All the specimens were subjected to FQ-PCR specific for HCoV-NL63,HCoV-HKU1,HCoV-OC43 and HCoV-229E,respectively.The enumeration data were analyzed by chi square test.Results The FQ-PCR methods were established for detecting HCoV-NL63,HCoV-HKU1,HCoV-OCA3 and HCoV-229E.The intraassay coefficient of variation (CV) and interassay CV were both ≤ 1.6%.The coronaviruses were detected in 41 (7.6%) children with ARTI,including HCoV-NL63 in 8 (1.5%)children (1 with AURTI,7 with ALRTI),HCoV-229E in 5 (0.9%; 1 with AURTI,4 with ALRTI),HCoV-HKU1 in 6 (1.1%; 1 with AURTI,5 with ALRTI),and HCoV-OC43 in 22(4.1%; 13 with AURTI,9 with ALRTI).The four coronaviruses were detected during each of the three winter-spring seasons and the positive rates of different periods were not significantly different (P>0.05).The HCoV-OC43 positive rate was significantly higher than HCoV-NL63,HCoV-229E and HCoV-HKU1 (x2 =6.721,10.979,9.387; respectively; all P<0.01).ConclusionsIt is suggested that the four coronaviruses might be important virus pathogens in children with ARTI in Fuzhou,China.And detection of them is needed for etiology and epidemiology evaluations for children with ARTI.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433231

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the method for detecting human Bocavirus (HBoV) by a real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR) and to assay HBoV from nasopharyngeal samples of children with acute respiratory tract infections.Methods The specific primers and Taqman probes of targeted HBoV NP1 gene were designed.The aimed fragment of NP1 gene was amplified with PCR and ligated into a pCEM-T Easy vector to set up the standards.The method for detection of NP1 gene using FQ-PCR was established.The sensitivity and specificity of the method had been tested.Then 195 clinical specimens were subsequently tested.Results The specificity of this method was excellent.The linear amplification of the assay ranges from 10 copies/μl to 10~8 copies/μl.Twelve specimens were tested positive for HBoV in 195 clinical specimens (6.2%).Conclusions The method for detection of HBoV NP1 geneby real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR was established successfully.It can offer fast and reliable diagnosis for HBoV infection.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388805

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of human metapneumovirus (HMPV)infection in patients with respiratory infection in Fuzhou area and compare their epidemic features and clinical characteristics with those of infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Methods A total of 153 sputum or pharyngeal swab samples from patients with respiratory tract infection were collected in Fujian Provincial Hospital in consecutive winter and spring seasons from 2005 to 2007. HMPV was detected by nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and RSV was tested by RT-PCR. Parts of PCR products were sequenced and analyzed using DNAMAN software. The clinical symptoms, signs and epidemiology of the respiratory tract infections caused by HMPV and RSV were compared. Results In the 153 specimens, 32 (20.9%) were positive for H MPV, 26 (17.0%) were positive for RSV, and 8 were both HMPV and RSV positive. Nucleotide sequences of three 432-bp PCR products were 100% identical and submitted to GenBank (the accession No. DQ887758).Phylogenetic tree analysis of nucleotide sequences revealed that the three isolates clustered in HMPV belonged to genotype A with part of mutation. Twenty-six samples (26. 7%) were HMPV positive from Dec 2005 to Apr 2006 and 6 (10.7%) were positive from Dec 2006 to Apr 2007. The RSV detection rate was opposite of HMPV. The mean age of RSV infection in children was (2.65±2.65)years old and HMPV infection was (4.58 ±3.35) years old. The main clinical manifestations of both RSV and HMPV infections were cough, sore throat and fever. Conclusions Both HMPV and RSV are the major pathogens of respiratory tract infection in Fuzhou area and HMPV and RSV coinfection could be detected. HMPV infected children are older. The clinical features of HMPV and RSV infections are similar. Single genotype of HMPV is detected in Fuzhou area in this study.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404728

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The graft versus host disease (GVHD) is the main reason for allogeneic hematopeic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) failure, and oral tolerization is a newly developed treating method.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the inhibition effect of acute GVHD induced by feeding donors with recipient splenocytes orally before allo-HSCT in a murine model and to compare the immune tolerance with immunosupression agents currently used in clinical treatment.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: A randomized grouping design of contrast observation was performed at the Center Laboratory of School of Medicine, Southeast University in December 2008.MATERIALS: The male C57BL/6J(H-2~b) mice were served as donors, and the female (BALB/C) mice (H-2~d) were served as recipients.METHODS: The mice were prepared allo-HSCT/GVHD models, and divided into 5 groups, which received prevent scheme. ①Oral tolerization group: C57BL/6J mice were fed with BALB/C (H-2~d) splenocytes before the transplantation, with dose of 10 μg per time, 1 day interval, for 3 times. ②Rapamycin group: mice were intragastric administrated rapamycin from the 1st after transplantation with dose of 1.5 mg/(kg·d). ③Ciclosporin A+ methotrexate group: mice were intragastric administrated ciclosporin A with 1.5 mg/(kg·d), increased to 5 mg/(kg·d) when mice were recovered the gastrointestinal function, and received intragastric administrated 0.4 mg/(kg·d) methotrexate at days 1, 3, 6 and 11 after transplantation. ④Blank control group: no medication after transplantation. ⑤Irradiation group: mice were received no transplantation.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The presence of GVHD after allo-HSCT, and the difference of immune tolerance index.RESULTS: Typical GVHD symptoms occurred in all mice after transplantation. In the blank control group, most mice dead at days 14-18 and the mortality was nearly 100%. Compared to the blank control group, the symptoms were significantly ameliorated and the median survival times were extended in the other 3 transplantation groups (P < 0.05). The pathological structures in liver, intestine and skin tissue in the oral tolerization group were significantly decreased. Flow cytometry assay showed that oral tolerization significantly increased the CD4~+/CD8~+ lymphocyte ratio and the percentage of the CD4~+CD25~+ cells.Oral tolerization also induced the decrease of GVHD-related cytokine level. The MTT results also showed that the immunologic tolerance in the oral tolerization group was significantly enhanced and the proliferation of lymphocyte was suppressed.CONCLUSION: Oral tolerization has obviously inhibitory effect towards GVHD after allo-HSCT, its exact mechanism may be due to the suppressing the proliferation of lymphocyte and increase the immunologic tolerance in recipients. Compared to the widely used immunosuppressive drugs, oral tolerization exhibits strong ability in ameliorating GVHD.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381009

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect fibrillin-1 gene (FBN1) mutations in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) by denaturing high-pedormance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) and DNA sequencing. Methods Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood sample of 22 MFS patients. All 65 exens of FBN1 were amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR) respectively. Mutations were screened by DHPLC followed by DNA sequencing of the PCR products which showed different DHPLC profiles from the normals. Results Ten mutations of the FBN1 were found in 9 MFS patients. The mutations comprised four missense[5015G > C(C1672S),5309G > A(C1770Y),7241G > A(A2414G) and 7769G > A(C2590Y)], four nonsense [3295G > T ( E1099X ), 430"/insTCGT (G1441X), 4621C > T ( R1541X ) and 8080C > T (A2694X)], and two splice site mutations (IVS29 + 4A > T and IVSSO + 1G > A). Conclusion It is suggested that DHPLC coupled with DNA sequencing is an efficient method for the detection of FBN1 gene mutations, and it may be useful in diagnosis of MFS.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 653-656, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398765

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship of gene polymorphisms of angiotensin eonvertion enzyme (ACE), aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2)and α-adducin with subclinical renal lesion. Methods I/D polymorphism of ACE gene, -344T/C polymorphism of CYP11B2 gene and 460G/T polymorphism of α-adduein gene were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restrictive fragment length polymorphism(RFLP) in 604 normotensive subjects and 1081 primary hypertensive patients whose creatinine (Cr) were less than 2mg/L. The primary hypertensive and normotensive subjects were divided respectively into normal group (Ccr≥60ml/min) and subclinical renal lesion (Ccr<60 ml/min) group, according to creatinine clearance rate (Ccr) calculated by Cockcroft-Gault equation. Results ANOVA, contingency X2 and partition of chi-square were selected. The frequencies of different genotypes of ACE, CYP11B2, and α-adducin were in agreement with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in our study. Normal renal function group (A group, n=512) and subclinical renal lesion group (B group, n=92) in normotensive subjects, and normal renal function group (C group, n=828) and subclinical renal lesion group (D group, n=252) in hypertensive patients were compared. The patients in B and D groups were older than those in A and C groups (P<0.01). But there were no significant differences in the age between B and D groups, and between A and C groups. The frequency of ACE-DD genotype in D group was the highest (22.6%) among four groups and the frequency of α-adducin-TT genotype in A group was the lowest (13.3%) among four groups (all P<0.01). The differences of genotype frequencies of ACE and α-adducin genes among other three groups were not significant. No significant difference was found in frequencies of genotypes of CYP11B2 among four groups. Conclusions Subclinical renal lesion is increased with the aging. ACE-DD genotype is related with hypertension and subclinical renal lesion, while α-adducin-TT genotype is related with hypertension and subclinical renal lesion. Association between the genotypes of CYP11B2 and subclinical renal lesion is not found.

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