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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of different hemostasis methods on postoperative pain and sex hormone levels in patients undergoing laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy.Methods:A total of 118 patients with ovarian cysts admitted to our hospital from Jun. 2018.6 to Aug. 2020 were collected and grouped by digital table method into electrocoagulation hemostasis group (59 cases, electrocoagulation hemostasis) and suture hemostasis group (59 cases, suture hemostasis). Pain at time points, serum inflammatory factors and sex hormone levels in the two groups were measured, and the incidence of complications was counted 12 weeks after surgery.Results:The VAS scores of suture hemostasis group at 6, 12 and 24 h after operation (3.33±0.93, 3.63±1.02, 3.01±0.94) were significantly lower than those of the electrocoagulation hemostasis group (4.16±1.05, 4.61±1.17, 3.72±1.05) ; there was no significant difference in serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels between the preoperative suture hemostasis group and the electrocoagulation hemostasis group. The serum levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the group (37.64±4.82ng/L, 39.67±4.71ng/L) were lower than those in the electrocoagulation hemostasis group (45.96±5.25ng/L, 48.96±5.14ng/L) ( P<0.05) .) ; there was no significant difference in serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol (E 2) or luteinizing hormone (LH) levels between preoperative electrocoagulation hemostasis group and suture hemostasis group ( P>0.05) ; There was no significant difference in the three indexes in the suture hemostasis group 3 months after operation compared with those before treatment ( P>0.05). The serum FSH and LH [ (6.59±0.91) mIU/ml, (5.24±0.77) mIU/ml] in the suture hemostasis group were lower than those in the electrocoagulation hemostasis group [ (7.39±1.02) mIU/m, (5.97±0.89) mIU/m], E 2 in suture hemostasis group [ (51.08±6.09) pg/ml] was higher than that in electrocoagulation hemostasis group [ (46.88±5.59) pg/ml] ( P<0.05). In terms of the complication rate at 3 months after operation, the suture hemostasis group (32.20%) was significantly lower than electrocoagulation hemostasis (13.56%) ( P<0.05). After 1 year of follow-up, the pregnancy success rate of the suture hemostasis group (72.88%) was significantly higher than that of the electrocoagulation hemostasis group (52.54%) ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in pregnancy outcomes ( P>0.05) . Conclusions:Suture hemostasis in patients undergoing laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is beneficial to relieve postoperative pain, improve postoperative inflammatory response, protect their ovarian function, avoid complications such as abnormal ovulation and excessive menstrual flow, and improve the success rate of pregnancy. The overall application effect is better than electrocoagulation hemostasis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 137-142, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway on growth plate development of tibial growth plate in young chronic renal failure (CRF) rats.Methods:Four-week-old male SD rats were randomly divided into control group and CRF group ( n=20/per group). Control group was intragastric administration with distilled water, and CRF group was given adenine suspension (150 mg·kg -1·d -1). All the young rats were sacrificed after continuous gavages for 6 weeks. The full length of tibia was compared between the two groups. The width of tibia proximal growth plates was measured by micro-CT scanning, and the width of the growth plate was also measured in histological sections. Chondrocytes isolated from growth plate in two groups were cultured in vitro to P3 generation. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of collagen Ⅱ, matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) and β-catenin in chondrocytes. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expressions of collagen Ⅱ, MMP-13 and β-catenin. Results:Compared with the control group, the tibial length of rats in the CRF group was shorter [(27.32±5.81) mm vs (35.43±3.61) mm, t=5.226, P<0.001], the width of growth plate in micro-CT picture was more narrow [(0.72±0.22) mm vs (1.13±0.27) mm, t=5.096, P<0.001], and the relative width of the growth plate was also more narrow ( t=6.744, P<0.001) in histological sections. The results of immunohistochemistry and Western blotting showed the expressions of collagen Ⅱ in the CRF group decreased significantly ( t=8.212, P<0.001), MMP-13 ( t=13.091, P<0.001) and β-catenin ( t=7.534, P<0.001) increased significantly compared the control group in chondrocytes. Conclusion:The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is highly expressed in the tibial growth plate of young rats with chronic renal failure, which leads to accelerated degeneration and differentiation of chondrocytes and a closure tendency of growth plate.

3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 290-295, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754300

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the changes of serum clara cell protein?16 ( CC?16 ) and monocyte chemotaxis protein?1 (MCP?1) level in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and to explore their relationship with the disease severity and prognosis of ARDS??Methods One hundred and fourteen patients with ARDS who were admitted to Changzhi People′s hospital from January 2017 to March 2018 were selected as the subjects??They were divided into mild group ( n=37),moderate group (n=41) and severe group ( n=36) according to the severity of ARDS??Sixty healthy persons in out?patient examination were selected as control group??The survival situation of patients in 4 weeks were recorded,the patients were divided into survival group ( n=65) and death group ( n=49) according to their survival situation??The age,gender,body mass index (BMI),smoking history,acute physiology and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II ( APACHE II) score,sequential organ failure assessment ( SOFA) score, serum CC?16 and MCP?1 level were analyzed in each group??The relationship between serum CC?16,MCP?1 level and disease and prognosis of patients with ARDS were analyzed??Results With the increase of disease severity,APACHE II score, SOFA score and serum CC?16, MCP?1 level in patients with ARDS were significantly increased??The differences were statistically significant ( F=1 216??886,1 339??247,290??879, 417??262; all P=0??000)??The APACHE II score,SOFA score and serum CC?16,MCP?1 levels in the death group were (22??13± 2??47) scores,( 15??09 ± 1??97) scores,( 23??85 ± 4??27) μg/L, ( 36??64 ± 5??21) ng/L respectively,which were significantly higher than those in the survival group (18??25±2??35) scores,(13??23 ±2??03) scores,(17??34±4??13) μg/L,(27??93±4??88) ng/L,the differences were statistically significant (t=8??538,4??905,8??211,9??146;all P=0??000)??Pearson correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between serum CC?16 level and MCP?1 level in patients with ARDS ( r=0??589, P =0??000)??Meanwhile,the CC?16,MCP?1 were positive correlation with APACHE II score,SOFA score and mortality (CC?16:r=0??504,0??549,0??472;P=0??000,0??000,0??012;MCP?1:r=0??493,0??528,0??435;P=0??006, 0??000,0??025)??APACHE II score ( OR=3??083,95%CI:0??025-1??364,P<0??05),CC?16 ( OR=5??403, 95%CI:0??011-6??561, P<0??05) and MCP?1 ( OR=2??892, 95%CI: 0??034-1??619, P<0??05) were all closely related to ARDS death??CC?16 independent detection, MCP?1 independent detection and the two combined detection predicted the under?curve area, sensitivity and specificity of ARDS patients with in 4 weeks were 0??830, 82??35% and 72??16%; 0??719, 79??25% and 72??19%; 0??866, 85??06% and 80??72%respectively??Conclusion CC?16,MCP?1 are abnormally high expression in serum of patients with ARDS, and its levels are closely related to the severity and prognosis of patients with ARDS??CC?16 combined with MCP?1 detection has high diagnostic value for patients with ARDS,which can be used as an effective index to judge the disease and prognosis of patients with ARDS??

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806592

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of cerebral cavernous malformation 3 (CCM3) gene knockout on the lead exposure-induced blood-brain barrier malfunction in mice brain, and the relationship between CCM3 knockout and the Alzheimer's disease (AD).@*Methods@#Wide type (WT) mice and CCM3+/- mice were divided into 4 groups, control group and lead exposed group in WT as well as CCM3+/- mice. Lead exposed groups were treated with 0.05% lead acetate in drinking water for 12 weeks, while control group drink deionized water freely. Blood lead and brain lead levels in each group were detected by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. The brain tissue of each group was made into paraffin sections, whose morphology were observed by HE staining. The expression of Aβ1-42 in brain tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry and the brain capillaries were labeled by VRGFR2. The protein expression of Claudin-5, ZO-1, and p-Tau was detected by Western blot. The brain tissue RNA was extracted and the relative expression of LRP-1 mRNA was detected by qRT-PCR.@*Results@#The levels of blood lead WT (216.07±84.16) and CCM3+/- (189.64±101.86) μg/L in lead exposed group were higher than those in control group WT (19.52±11.46) and CCM3+/- (11.79±8.20) μg/L, the difference was statistically significant (t=4.18, P=0.006; t=3.79, P=0.016). The levels of brain lead WT (1.78±0.69) and CCM3+/- (1.74±0.66) μg/L were higher than those in control group WT (1.06±0.87) and CCM3+/- (0.97±0.64) μg/L, the difference was statistically significant (t=3.67, P=0.018; t=3.88, P=0.015). The HE staining showed no obvious lesions in the brain of each group of mice. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that there was no Aβ1-42 deposition in the brain of mice in each group. The numbers of microvessels in the brain of CCM3+/- mice in the lead exposed group were decreased. Compared with the relative expression levels of Claudin-5 (WT: 1.30±0.03, CCM3+/-: 1.07±0.08) in control group mice brain, the relative expression of Claudin-5 (WT: 0.96±0.04, CCM3+/-: 0.59±0.01) was decreased with statistical significance (F=199.27, P<0.001). The relative expression level of LRP-1 gene mRNA in brain of lead exposed group (WT: 0.32±0.10, CCM3+/-: 0.06±0.01) was higher than that of unexposed group (WT:1.00±0.06, CCM3+/-:2.12±0.18), the difference was statistically significant (F=288.29, P<0.001). The relative expression level of LRP-1 gene mRNA in brain of CCM3+/- mice exposed to lead was lower than that of WT mice ((0.06±0.01)vs(0.32±0.10), t=26.90, P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#The mice did not show significant AD-like lesions under low-does lead exposure, but resulted in early damage of brain blood-brain barrier and early changes of AD-like lesions in mice, with CCM3+/- mice being sensitive to lead exposure stronger than that of WT mice, suggesting that deletion of CCM3 gene may be one of the potential risk factors for accelerating the development of AD in mice exposed to lead.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806591

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish the immortalized mouse brain microvascular pericytes model and to apply to the cerebrovascular toxicants screening study.@*Methods@#Brain pericytes were isolated from 3 weeks of mice by tissue digestion. Immortalized pericyte cell line was constructed by infecting with LT retrovirus. Monoclone was selected to purify the immortalized pericyte cell line. The pericyte characteristics and purity were explored by immunocytochemistry. Cell proliferation was measured by using the Pomega MTS cell Proliferation Colorimetric Assay Kit. Pericytes were treated with 0, 160, 320, 640, 1 280, 2 560 μmol/L lead acetate, 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80 μmol/L cadmium chloride and 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80 μmol/L sodium arsenite in 24 hours. Cell toxicity of each group was determined by MTS assay, median lethal dose (LD50) was calculated in linear regression.@*Results@#Mouse brain pericytes were successfully isolated by tissue separation and enzyme digestion method. After immortalized by LT retroviruses, monoclone was selected and expanded to establish pericyte cell line. The brain pericytes exhibited typical long spindle morphology and positive staining for α-SMA and Vimentin. The proliferation of brain pericytes cell lines was very slowly, and the doubling time was about 48 hours. The proliferation of immortalized brain pericytes cell lines was very quickly, and the doubling time was about 24 hours. After lead acetate, cadmium chloride and sodium arsenite treatment for 24 hours respectively, gradual declines in cell viability were observed. The LD50 of lead acetate was 2 025.0 μmol/L, the LD50 of cadmium chloride was 36.6 μmol/L, and the LD50 of sodium arsenite was 33.2 μmol/L.@*Conclusion@#The immortalized mouse brain microvascular pericyte model is established successfully by infecting with LT retrovirus, and can be applied to screen cerebrovascular toxicants. The toxicity of these toxicants to immortalized mouse brain microvascular pericyte is in sequence: sodium arsenite,cadmium chloride, lead acetate.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 127-135, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of knockout cerebral cavernous malformation(CCM) virulence gene CCM3 on the migration induced by lead acetate in immortalized human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) and to explore the possible mechanism of endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS). METHODS: CCM3 wildtype(CCM3-WT) and CCM3 knockout(CCM3-KO) HUVECs were used as experimental cells. a) CCM3-WT and CCM3-KO HUVECs were treated with lead acetate at 0,10,50 and 200 μmol/L for 24 hours. The migration of these cells was observed by woundhealing assay. b) CCM3-WT and CCM3-KO HUVECs were treated with lead acetate at 0,10,50 and 200 μmol/L for 24 hours,and at 50 μmol/L for 0,6,12,24 and 48 hours,and the mRNA expression of genes of unfolded protein response pathway were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction; the protein expression of glucose-regulated protein 78(GRP78) was detected by Western blotting. c) CCM3-WT and CCM3-KO HUVECs were divided into lead exposure group and tauroursodeoxycholic acid(TUDCA) group. The former was treated with 50 μmol/L lead acetate for 24 hours,and the latter was pre-treated with ERS inhibitor TUDCA,followed by 50 μmol/L lead acetate. The migration of these cells was observed by wound-healing assay. RESULTS: a) The migration of CCM3-WT and CCM3-KO cells decreased and showed a dose-effect relationship with the increase of lead acetate concentration(P < 0. 05). b) The mRNA relative expression of the GRP78,protein kinase-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase(PERK),transcription activator 4(ATF4) and CCAAT enhancer binding homologous protein(CHOP) in CCM3-KO cells treated with 10,50 and 200 μmol/L lead acetate were higher than that in CCM3-WT cells at the same doses,except for the GRP78 in CCM3-KO cells treated with10 μmol/L lead acetate(P < 0. 05). The mRNA expression of PERK and CHOP in CCM3-KO cells increased in a timeeffect relationship with the increase of lead-exposure time(P < 0. 05). The mRNA relative expression of the four genes in CCM3-KO cells were higher than those in CCM3-WT cells at 48 hours(P < 0. 05). When cells were treated with 50μmol/L lead acetate,the protein expression of GRP78 in CCM3-KO cells was higher than that in CCM3-WT cells(P <0. 05),and the protein expression of GRP78 in CCM3-KO cells increased in a time-effect relationship with the increase of lead-exposure time(P < 0. 05). c) The cell migration of TUDCA group was lower than that of lead-exposure group(P <0. 05). CONCLUSION: Lead acetate may activate ERS by activating the PERK-ATF4-CHOP signaling pathway,thereby reducing the migration of HUVECs. CCM3 gene has a protective effect on cell migration.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398044

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the infection of Mycoplasma in female urogenital system and the evolution of drug resistance. Methods Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Mycoplasma hominis (MH) infections were examined by pathogen culture and fluorescence quantitative PCR in urogenital samples from 530 female patients in 2007, and drug sensitivity tests were performed in vitro. The results were compared with those in 2000. Results In 2000, there were 99 patients with Mycoplasma infections, in which 65 were of UU infections, 15 were of MH infections and 19 were of UU + MH infections. In 2007, there were 344 patients with Mycoplasma infections, in which 236 were of UU infections, 47 were of MH infections and 61 were of UU + MH infections. Patients aged 21~30 had the highest Mycoplasma infection rates both in 2000 (46.2%) and 2007 ( 50.5% ) ; while Mycoplasma infection rate in patients aged under 20 rose from 5.1% in 2000 to 12.8% in 2007 (χ2 = 4.682, P < 0.05). Both in 2000 and 2007, pathogens presented the highest drug resistance rates to tetracycline (TET) and erythromycin ( ERY ) which were all bore 80%. Compared with 2000, drug resistance rates to levofloxacin (LEV), azitromvcin (AZI) and ofloxacin (OFL) rose in 2007, and the differences were of statistical significance (P <0.05), while drug resistance rates to dmoxycycline (DOX), minocyclin (MIN) and josamycin (JOS) were still in the low level. Conclusions UU is the primary pathogen of infection in female urogenital system, and there is a tendency of Mycoplasma infection in younger age women. DOX, MIN and JOS can be the preferred medicines for Mycoplasma infections.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-529369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the characteristics of adverse drug reactions( ADR) in our hospital. METHODS: 240 ADR cases collected between 2003 and 2006 in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Of the total ADR cases, 211( 87. 92% ) were induced by intravenous drugs, 153( 63. 75% ) were induced by antibacterials, and 118( 49. 17% ) were manifested as lesions of skin and its appendages. CONCLUSIONS: Importance should be attached to the monitor and reporting of ADR so as to lessen or avoid the occurrence of ADR.

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