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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prevalence and risk factors of cardiac events in different ethnic groups in Xinjiang region.Methods:This retrospective cohort study was based on big data from the health checkup population. A total of 7 899 cases were included from the Physical Examination Center of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region People′s Hospital form 2015 January 1 to December 31, 2017.The population were divided into Uyghur group (2 630 cases), Kazak group (2 636 cases), and the Han nationality group (2 633 cases). Telephone follow-up was conducted once a month after the health checkup, the preset follow-up time for all personnel was 2 years, with the occurrence of cardiac events as the end point. Once cardiac events occurred, the follow-up would be stopped. The risk factors of cardiac events in different ethnic groups were evaluated by statistical analysis.Results:The median follow-up time of the 7 899 included healthy examinees was 1.27 years, and 200 cases of cardiac events occurred, with an incidence rate of 2.53%. The values of body mass index (BMI), the levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of Uyghur and Kazak were higher than those of Han (all P<0.05). The cardiac events in Uyghur, Kazak and Han group were 75 cases (2.85%), 85 cases (3.22%) and 40 cases (1.52%). There was no significantly statistical difference between Uyghur group and Kazak group in the incidence of cardiac events, while it was significantly lower in the Han group than the other two groups (both P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that BMI, TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C were the risk factors of cardiac events; multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that ethnic groups ( HR=4.34, 95% CI: 1.14―8.13); HDL-C ( HR=3.32, 95% CI: 1.89―5.74) and LDL-C ( HR=2.47, 95% CI: 1.21―7.45) were independent risk factors for cardiac events. Conclusions:Ethnic factor is one of the independent risk factors for the occurrence of cardiac events in Xinjiang, and Uyghur and Kazak have a higher incidence of cardiac events. HDL-C and LDL-C are also important risk factors for cardiac events.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 106-114, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711093

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of complement C3a on mouse podocytes phenotype transformation.Methods Purified C3a recombinant protein was used to stimulate mature mouse podocytes.The expression of the mature podocyte markers synaptopodin,podocin,nephrin,CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) and the mesenchymal cell markers fibroblast specific protein 1 (FSP-1),α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were detected by RT-PCR,Western blotting,immunochemistry and immunofluorescence,respectively.Some podocytes were transfected with integrin-linked kinase (ILK) siRNA before the administration of C3a,the expression of nephrin and α-SMA were accessed by Western blotting,and the expression of Snail and α-actinin 4 were accessed by Western blotting and immunochemical method.The migration ability of podocytes was observed by scratch test.Results Immunocytochemistry and immunofluorescence analysis showed that synaptopodin,podocin,nephrin,CD2AP were highly expressed by mature mouse podocytes.The expression of these podocyte markers could be markedly inhibited after 24 h of C3a (0.1 μmol/L) treatment,and accompanied by the induction of mesenchymal markers FSP-1 and α-SMA.Compared with control group,the mRNA levels of synaptopodin,podocin,CD2AP and nephrin were significantly repressed by the administration of C3a in a dose-dependent manner,whereas the transcription of FSP-1 and α-SMA were remarkably up-regulated by C3a treatment (P < 0.05,respectively).Western blotting analysis also confirmed the decrease of synaptopodin,podocin,nephrin and CD2AP protein and the increase of FSP-1 and α-SMA protein were closely depend on the C3a concentration (P < 0.05,respectively).To further assess the downstream of C3a,some podocytes were transfected with ILK siRNA before the administration of C3a.Compared with C3a group,the protein levels of nephrin and α-SMA were significantly changed by the administration of ILK siRNA (P < 0.05,respectively).The expression of α-actinin 4 and Snail induced by C3a were inhibited by ILK knockdown (P < 0.05,respectively),accompanied by a decline of cell migration potency.Conclusion Complement fragment C3a can induce transformation of mouse podocytes to mesenehymal cells,and ILK signaling pathway is involved in this cell type transformation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673042

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the nursing experience of 1 case of very low birth weight infant decannulation difficult in PICC. Methods The nursing key points included: full assessment analysis decannulation difficult reason, consult the PICC catheter outpatient health nurses, give magnesium sulfate hydropathic compress, mucopolysaccharide polysulfate cream local besmear outside, sanyrene outside, at the same time give low-molecular-weight heparin calcium injection subcutaneous injection such as anticoagulant active treatment and nursing. Results After 7 days ,the infant left axillary mass dispel, PICC pull out smoothly. Conclusions Decannulation difficult of very low birth weight infant requires full evaluation, multidisciplinary cooperation and specialist consultation, can give targeted personalized nursing safety smooth tube drawing, is worthy of reference for clinic.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460990

ABSTRACT

Multiple risk factors lead to occurrence of cardiovascular diseases in common.Besides confirmed tradition-al risk factors,such as diabetes mellitus,dyslipidemia,smoking and hypertension etc.,some new risk factors have been found in recent years.The confirmed risk factors need further research,while the new risk factors need en-hanced study.

5.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 635-636, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445926

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of Tanreqing injections combined with azithromycin in the treatment of children bronchial pneumonia. Methods:Totally 56 cases of pediatric bronchial pneumonia were selected in our hospital from September 2012 to September 2013 and randomly divided into the observation group and the control group with 28 cases in each. The control group was with azithromycin treatment, and the observation group was with Tanreqing injections additionally. The effect and adverse reactions of the two groups were studied and compared. Results:In the observation group, the effective rate was 92. 9%, which was significantly higher than that in the control group(P<0. 05). The hospitalization time and the symptoms disappearance time in the observation group were significantly shorter than those in the control group (P<0. 05). The adverse reactions showed no significant difference be-tween the two groups. Conclusion:Tanreqing injections in the treatment of children bronchial pneumonia is rapid, effective and safe.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 115-120, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428409

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of erythropoietin (EPO) on complement 3a (C3a)-induced renal tubular epithelial to mesenchymal transition. Methods The HK-2 cells were divided into 6 groups namely control group,EPO group,TGF-β group,TGF-β+EPO group,C3a group and EPO+C3a group.The mRNA and protein expressions of α-SMA,E-cadherin and C3 were investigated by RT-PCR,Western blot and immunofluorescence respectively. Results Compared with control group and EPO group,the mRNA and protein expressions of α-SMA in HK-2 cells were up-regulated after the intervention of C3a or TGF-β (all P<0.05).On the contrast,the mRNA and protein expressions of E-cadherin were down-regulated(P<0.05),the mRNA and protein expressions of C3 were enhanced (all P<0.05).However,all those above effects of C3a or TGF-β were inhibited after the intervention of EPO (all P<0.05). Conclusion EPO is capable of suppressing the epithelial to mesenchymal transition induced by C3a.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 476-480, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380807

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to renal tubular epithelial-like cells under different conditions. Methods MSCs were obtained from rat marrow. MSCs were isolated by gradient density centrifugation and plastic adherence and then purified. Surface markers were identified with flow cytometry after amplification in vitro. The purified MSCs of the third passage were cultured respectively as follows: (1) control group: DMEM medium with fetal bovine serum(FBS). (2) all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) group: DMEM medium with FBS, ATRA and ischemic reperfusion-injured kidney tissue homogenate. (3)combination group: DMEM medium with FBS, ATRA, ischemic reperfusion-injured kidney tissue homogenate, epidermal growth factor (EGF) and bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7). After 7 days, the MSCs were collected for alkaline phosphatase (AKP) staining, cytokeratin-18 and E-cadherin immunocytochemical analysis. Results The positive rates of the third passage MSCs in CD44, CD90 and CD29 were 97.8%±0.9%, 96.8%±1.4% and 97.6%±2.4%,respectively, but in CD11b/c and CD34 were only 13.2%±0.6% and 1.2%±0.5%. The MSCs in control group were spindle. The MSCs in ATRA group were round and elliptic. The MSCs in combination group became cobblestone-like cells after 7 days. AKP staining showed that tubular epithelial-like cells from MSCs in control group were negative, some above cells in ATRA group were positive and number of above cells increased in combination group. Compared with negative control group, the ratios of cytokeratin-18 positive cells in ATRA group and combination group were respectively increassed by 29.47%±1.08% and 47.52%±2.13% (all P<0.05), the ratios of E-cadherin positive cells in ATRA group and combination group were respectively increased by 14.88%±2.46% and 36.15%±1.13% (all P<0.05). Conclusion MSCs may differentiate by renal tubular epithelial-like cells under the induction of ischemic reperfusion-injured kidney tissue homogenate and ATRA in vitro, which are further differentiated under the combined induction of EGF and BMP-7.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 259-266, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407377

ABSTRACT

Effect of strophanthidin (Str) on intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was investigated on isolated ventricular myocytes of guinea pig. Single ventricular myocytes were obtained by enzymatic dissociation technique. Fluorescent signal of [Ca2+]i was detected with confocal microscopy after incubation of cardiomycytes in Tyrode's solution with Fluo3-AM. The result showed that Str increased [Ca2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner. The ventricular myocytes began to round-up into a contracture state once the peak level of [Ca2+]i was achieved in the presence of Str (10 μmol·L-1), but remained no change in the presence of Str (1 and 100 nmol·L-1). Tetrodotoxin (TTX), nisodipine, and high concentration of extracellular Ca2+ changed the response of cardiomycytes to Str (1 and 100 nmol·L-1), but had no obvious effects on the action of Str (10 μmol·L-1). The elevation of [Ca2+]i caused by Str at all of the detected concentrations was partially antagonized by rynodine (10 μmol·L-1) or the removal of Ca2+ from Tyrode's solution. In Na+, K+-free Tyrode's solution, the response of cardiomycytes in [Ca2+]i elevation to Str (10 μmol·L-1) was attenuated, while remained no change to Str (1 and 100 nmol·L-1). TTX, nisodipine, and high concentration of extracellular Ca2+ changed the response of cardiomycytes to Str at all of the detected concentrations in Na+, K+-free Tyrode's solution. The study suggests that the elevation of [Ca2+]i by Str at the low (nomomolar) concentrations is partially mediated by the extracellular calcium influx through Ca2+ channel or a "slip mode conductance" of TTX sensitive Na+ channel. While the effect of Str at high (micromolar) concentrations was mainly due to the inhibition of Na+, K+-ATPase. Directly triggering the release of intracellular Ca2+ from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) by Str may be also involved in the mechanism of [Ca2+]i elevation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-564543

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of bone morphogenic protein(BMP)-7 on the expression of extracelluar matrix components(ColⅠand FN)in human renal proximal tubular cells(HK-2)induced by transforming growth factor-?1(TGF-?1),and to explore the inhibition of BMP-7 on renal interstitial fibrosis.Methods HK-2 cells were treated with TGF-?1,BMP-7,or a combination of both for 48 h.The expression of FN was assessed by indirect immunofluorescence.RT-PCR and Western blot were used to determine the mRNA and protein expression of FN and ColⅠ?1.Results Indirect immunofluorescence staining showed that FN staining in 3 ?g?L-1 TGF-?1 group was considerably stronger than that in control group.By an addition of 200 ?g?L-1 BMP-7,the expression of FN was significantly inhibited.RT-PCR and Western blot showed the mRNA and protein expression of FN and ColⅠ?1 were up-regulated by TGF-?1 after 48 hours significantly(P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-566150

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the pharmacokinetics of dipfluzine hydrochloride,a novel piperazines calcium antagonist.Methods Eighteen Beagle dogs were randomly divided into three groups,which were administered with dipfluzine hydrochloride at iv single dose of 1.5,3.0 and 6.0 mg?kg-1,respectively.The blood was collected at different time.A RP-HPLC method was developed to determine the concentration of dipfluzine hydrochloride in plasma.The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by 3P97 software.Results The specificity,lowest limit of detection and quantification,extraction recoveries,the precision of intra-and inter-day and stability were qualified to the pharmacokinetic study.The concentration-time courses of dipfluzine hydrochloride were best fitted to a two-compartment open model at three doses.The main pharmacokinetic parameters at three doses were 24.7,24.2 and 29.6 h for T12?,0.44,1.12 and 2.86 g?min?L-1 for AUC,1.30,1.22 and 1.28 L?kg-1 for Vc,and 3.4?10-3,2.7?10-3 and 2.1?10-3 L?kg-1?min-1 for CL,respectively.Conclusions The developed RP-HPLC method for determination of dipfluzine hydrochloride in plasma can satisfy the requirement of pharmacokinetic study after iv dipfluzine hydrochloride.Analysis of plasma concentration-time curves indicates a biphasic decrease.There was a linear relationship between AUC and dosage.

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