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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1240-1253, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929364

ABSTRACT

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is abnormally activated in lung cancer. However, the anti-lung cancer effect of mTOR inhibitors as monotherapy is modest. Here, we identified that ginsenoside Rh2, an active component of Panax ginseng C. A. Mey., enhanced the anti-cancer effect of the mTOR inhibitor everolimus both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, ginsenoside Rh2 alleviated the hepatic fat accumulation caused by everolimus in xenograft nude mice models. The combination of everolimus and ginsenoside Rh2 (labeled Eve-Rh2) induced caspase-independent cell death and cytoplasmic vacuolation in lung cancer cells, indicating that Eve-Rh2 prevented tumor progression by triggering paraptosis. Eve-Rh2 up-regulated the expression of c-MYC in cancer cells as well as tumor tissues. The increased c-MYC mediated the accumulation of tribbles homolog 3 (TRIB3)/P62+ aggresomes and consequently triggered paraptosis, bypassing the classical c-MYC/MAX pathway. Our study offers a potential effective and safe strategy for the treatment of lung cancer. Moreover, we have identified a new mechanism of TRIB3/P62+ aggresomes-triggered paraptosis and revealed a unique function of c-MYC.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 586-589, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924109

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of premature eruption of permanent molars and its aasociation with body mass index (BMI), to provide a reference for childhood oral health promotion.@*Methods@#A total of 861 children aged 9 to 12 years from two primary schools in Bengbu City were selected by cluster sampling method. Parental questionnaire was administered to collect socio demographic information. The eruption of second permanent molars were examined. Data was analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression model and margins command.@*Results@#The detection rate of premature eruption of second permanent molars was 26.5%(228), 27.5% in boys and 24.9% in girls( χ 2=0.73, P =0.39). Early detection rate of second permanent molars (39.0%) was significantly higher in obese group than normal weight group (21.5%)( χ 2=21.85, P <0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that obesity was positively correlated with the risk of premature eruption of second permanent molars( OR= 3.55 , 95%CI=2.14-5.87, P <0.01). Overweight was not associated with higher risk of premature eruption of second permanent molars( OR=1.64, 95%CI=0.95-2.81, P =0.07). Being female was associated with higher risk of premature eruption of second permanent molars compared to age matched peers( OR=2.19, 95%CI=1.42-3.39, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Childhood obesity is associated with higher risk for premature eruption of second permanent molars. Girls are more likely to have second permanent molar erupted in advance compared to age matched boys.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic and sedative effects of acupuncture in elderly patients with severe pneumonia during invasive mechanical ventilation.@*METHODS@#A total of 188 elderly patients with severe pneumonia were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 94 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with routine nursing and treatment of severe pneumonia such as invasive mechanical ventilation, analgesia and sedation. Based on these, the observation group was treated with acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6), Hegu (LI 4), Yintang (GV 29) and Baihui (GV 20), twice a day until the mechanical ventilation was offline. The critical care pain observation tool (CPOT) score and Richmond agitation-sedation score (RASS) were observed before treatment and 0.5 h after analgesia and sedation; the average time of reaching the standard, the reaching standard rate of shallow sedation and analgesia within 0.5 h and 72 h as well as the dosage of analgesic and sedative drugs and compilations were compared between the two groups. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR) and blood oxygen saturation (SpO@*RESULTS@#At the time point of 0.5 h after treatment, the CPOT and RASS scores in the two groups were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture has analgesic and sedative effect in elderly patients with severe pneumonia during invasive mechanical ventilation, which could reduce the dosage of sedative and analgesic drugs and the occurrence of complications, improve blood oxygen, and has good safety.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Aged , Analgesia , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Pain , Pneumonia , Respiration, Artificial
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906314

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of neurological diseases has been increasing year by year. To give full play to the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of neurological disorders, identify the breakthrough point of integrating TCM with western medicine, and further standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of TCM, the China Association of Chinese Medicine organized neurologists in TCM and western medicine to carry out in-depth discussion on the neurological diseases responding specifically to TCM and integrated TCM and western medicine, such as stroke, headache, vertigo, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy, aiming to formulate a well-recognized and integrated treatment protocol for TCM and western medicine and improve the efficacy of neurological disorders. Furthermore, the treatment suggestions of the corresponding diseases in TCM and western medicine were proposed to provide references for clinical practice and scientific research.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887747

ABSTRACT

Malocclusion is one of the three most common oral diseases reported by World Health Organization(WHO). In China, its incidence rate is rising. Malocclusion seriously affects the dental and maxillofacial function, facial appearance and growth development of nearly 260 million children in China, and what is more, it affects their physical and mental health development. Malocclusion occurrence is related to genetic and environmental factors. Early treatment of malocclusion can create a good dental and maxillofacial development environment, correct abnormal growth and control the adverse effects of abnormal genetic factors. It can effectively reduce the prevalence of children's malocclusion and enhance their physical and mental health. This is an urgent need from the economic perspective of our society, so it has great practical and social significance. Experts from the project group "standard diagnose and treatment protocols for early orthodontic intervention of malocclusions of children" which initiated by China National Health Institute of Hospital Administration wrote the "China Experts' Consensus on Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Treatments of Malocclusions of Children", which aims to guide and popularize the clinical practice, improve the clinical theory and practice level, and accelerate the disciplinary development of early treatment of children's malocclusion in China. The consensus elaborates the harmfulness of malocclusion and the necessity of early treatment, and brings up the principles and fundamental contents. Based on the law of dental and maxillofacial development, this paper puts forward the guiding suggestions of preventive and interceptive treatments in different stages of dental development ranging from fetus to early permanent dentition. It is a systematic project to promote and standardize the early treatment of malocclusion. Through scientific and comprehensive stratified clinical practice and professional training, the clinical system of early treatment of malocclusion in China will eventually be perfected, so as to comprehensively care for children's dental and maxillofacial health, and improve their oral and physical health in China.


Subject(s)
Child , China/epidemiology , Consensus , Dental Care , Humans , Malocclusion/prevention & control , Orthodontics, Interceptive
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) and indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) are immune checkpoints which can be induced by interferon-γ(IFN-γ) in the tumor microenvironment, leading to immune escape of tumors. Myricetin (MY) is a flavonoid distributed in many edible and medicinal plants. The aim of this study is to clarify the effect and the mechanism of MY on inhibiting IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 in lung cancer cells. METHODS Expressions of PD-L1 and major histocompatibility complex-I (MHC-I) were evaluated by flow cytometry and Western blotting, and the expression of IDO1 was measured by Western blotting. qRT-PCR was used to detect their mRNA levels. The function of T cells was evaluated using a co-culture system consist of lung cancer cells and the Jurkat-PD-1 T cell line that overexpressing PD-1. Molecular docking analysis, Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used for mechanism study. RESULTS MY potently inhibited IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 expression in human lung cancer cells, while didn't show obvious effect on the expression of MHC-I. In addition, MY restored the survival, proliferation, CD69 expression and interleukin-2 (IL-2) secretion of Jurkat-PD-1 T cells suppressed by IFN-γ-treated lung cancer cells in the co-culture system. Mechanistically, IFN-γ up-regulated PD-L1 and IDO1 at the transcriptional level through the JAK-STAT-IRF1 axis, which was targeted and inhibited by MY. CONCLUSION Our research revealed a new insight into the anti-tumor effects of MY which inhibited IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 expression, supporting the potential of MY in anti-tumor immunotherapy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870545

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in the differential diagnosis of BK virus nephropathy (BKVN) in renal transplantation recipients.Methods:From 2014 to 2018, a total of 172 renal transplant recipients were recruited. Their peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were detected. According to the pathological puncture results of transplanted kidney, they were divided into acute rejection group (AR, n=68), BKVN group ( n=73) and stable graft function group (STA, n=31). The proportion and absolute number of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in each group were measured by flow cytometry and the proportion and absolute count of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in each group compared. Results:The proportion and absolute number of CD19 + B cells were markedly lower in BKVN group than those in AR group ( P=0.005, 0.003; 8.5% vs 13.2%, 0.094×10 9/L vs 0.202×10 9/L) and STA group ( P=0.005, 0.003; 8.5% vs 14.8%, 0.094×10 9/L vs 0.198×10 9/L); the proportion of CD3 + CD8 + T cells was significantly higher in BKVN group than that in AR group ( P=0.013; 36.9% vs 31.2%). In addition, no obvious difference existed in the proportion and absolute number of lymphocytes, CD3 + T, CD3 + CD4 + T and CD16 + CD56 + natural killer (NK) among three groups ( P>0.05). No obvious difference existed in the proportion of CD3 + CD4 + / CD3 + CD8 + T cells among three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:No difference exists in T cell-related lymphocyte subsets between BKVN and acute rejection recipients. However, the number and proportion of CD19 + B cells decrease markedly in BKVN.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 151-154, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between different smoking status and serum uric acid(SUA)in a middle-aged male in health check-up population.Methods:In this cross-sectional study, a total of 26701 middle-aged men who underwent health check-up in Taihu Sanatorium of Jiangsu Province from January 2014 to June 2015 were studied.The correlation between smoking status and SUA was analyzed by questionnaires, physical examination and serum biochemical assay.Smoking state was divided into no smoking, a occasional smoking and smoking groups.Results:With the increase of age, there was a downward trend of SUA( F=7.38, P=0.000). Among the three smoking groups, the group with occasional smoking had the highest level of SUA.The smoking group had lower level of SUA than the non-smoking group and occasional smoking group( P=0.000 and 0.005). In the non-smoking group, the fourth quartile of SUA(41.5%)had a higher percentage than that in first quartile of SUA(38.4%)( χ2=12.266, P=0.000). In the smoking group, the fourth quartile of SUA(54.9%)had lower percentage than that in the first quartile of SUA(58.4%)( χ2=7.049, P=0.008). Compared with the non-smoking group, the prevalence of hyperuricemia(HUA)in smoking group was lower( OR=0.872, 95% CI: 0.821~0.927, P=0.000), the prevalence of HUA in occasional smoking group was higher( OR=1.194, 95% CI: 1.013~1.408, P=0.035). Conclusions:As compared with the non-smoking group, the prevalence of HUA is lower in smoking group and is higher in occasional smoking group.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828073

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to establish a new method for evaluating the anaphylactoid reaction of 15 batches of Zushima Injection from different manufacturers in vitro. Basophilic leukemia cell line RBL-2 H3 cells were cultured in vitro and Compound 48/80 was selected as positive drug. Real-time cell analysis(RTCA) system was used to detect the changes of cell index(CI) value after drug intervention. The degranulation of RBL-2 H3 cells was verified with the toluidine blue staining technology by observing the changes of cell morphology and skeleton. Clustering method was used to analyze the CI values of 15 batches of Zushima Injection on RBL-2 H3 cells. The results showed Compound 48/80(20 μg·mL~(-1)) significantly changed the cell morphology and cytoskeleton, with obvious degranulation. After adding Compound 48/80, CI value decreased rapidly within 30 minutes, then decreased slowly, suggesting that RTCA system can be used for rapid and sensitive evaluation of RBL-2 H3 cell degranulation. The results of cluster analysis showed that Zushima Injection from different manufacturers had different effects on RBL-2 H3 cells. S1-S8 and Compound 48/80 groups were grouped into one cluster, which suggesting that the sample might have potential clinical anaphylaxis. S9-S15 and the normal control group were grouped into one cluster, suggesting there was no anaphylactoid reaction in the sample. In this study, a rapid in vitro anaphylaxis evaluation technique based on RTCA system and pattern recognition method was established, which can be used for rapid in vitro evaluation of anaphylaxis for traditional Chinese medicine injection.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Cell Degranulation , Humans , Mast Cells , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827217

ABSTRACT

Nagilactone E (NLE), a natural product with anticancer activities, is isolated from Podocarpus nagi. In this study, we reported that NLE increased programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expressions at both protein and mRNA levels in human lung cancer cells, and enhanced its localization on the cell membrane. Mechanistically, NLE increased the phosphorylation and expression of c-Jun, and promoted the localization of c-Jun in the nucleus, while silencing of c-Jun by small interfering RNA (siRNA) reduced NLE-induced PD-L1. Further study showed that NLE activated the c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK), the upstream of c-Jun, and its inhibitor SP600125 reversed the NLE-increased PD-L1. Moreover, NLE-induced PD-L1 increased the binding intensity of PD-1 on the cell surface. In summary, NLE upregulates the expression of PD-L1 in lung cancer cells through the activation of JNK-c-Jun axis, which has the potential to combine with the PD-1/PD-L1 antibody therapies in lung cancer.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1183-1188, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the expression levels of FAM19A5 in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), and to determine the relationship between FAM19A5 and the prognosis of MCL patients.@*METHODS@#Twenty-five MCL patients were choosen in the study, cytometric bead assay was used to detected the concentration of FAM19A5 in serum and immunohistochemical analysis were used to detect the expression levels of FAM19A5 in lymph nodes. The relationship of the FAM19A5 expression in serum and tissue were analyzed, the relationship of FAM19A5 and clinical characteristics of MCL patients, treatment and prognosis of MCL patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The average serum concentration of FAM19A5 in MCL patients was 90.55±38.24 (ng/ml), which was significantly higher than that in control (P=0.0461). The proportion of high, medium, and low expression of FAM19A5 in lymph nodes was 32%, 36% and 32%, respectively, which showed significant difference from that in control group (P=0.001). The expression of FAM19A5 in serum and lymph nodes showed significant correlation (r=0.8683,P=0.001). The serum concentration of FAM19A5 showed positive correlation with the proportion of Ki67 (P=0.0222, r=0.4554). The mean survival time without relapse/death of MCL patients with high, middle and low expression of FAM19A5 was 17, 27 and 37.5 months, respectively,which showed significant statistical difference (P=0.0360). ROC curve analysis showed that serum concentration of FAM19A5 could predict the therapeutic effect in MCL patients, the cut-off value was 91.49 ng/ml. The proportion of recurrent/death in AML patients with FAM19A5 >91.49 ng/ml was significantly higher than that in patients with FAM19A5<91.49 ng/ml (P=0.0156).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression level of FAM19A5 is increased in MCL patient, and patients with high expression of FAM19A5 are more likely to relapse or die. FAM19A5 may be a new prognostic marker and potential therapeutic target for MCL.


Subject(s)
Adult , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878860

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to construct a Bayesian(BN) fault diagnosis model of traditional Chinese medicine dry granulation based on the failure model and effect analysis(FMEA), effectively control risk factors and ensure the quality of granules.Firstly, the risk ana-lysis of dry granulation process was carried out with FMEA, and the selected medium and high risk factors were taken as node variables to establish corresponding BN network with causality.According to the mathematical reasoning method of probability theory, the model was accurately inferred and verified by Netica, and the granule nonconformance was used as the evidence for reversed reasoning to determine the most likely cause of the failure that affected the granule quality.The BN fault diagnosis model of traditional Chinese medicine dry gra-nulation was established based on the medium and high risk factors of process, prescription and equipment screened out by FMEA, such as roller pressure, raw material viscosity, clearance between rollers in the paper.The fault diagnosis of traditional Chinese medicine dry granulation process was then carried out according to the model, and the posterior probability of each node under the premise of nonconforming granule quality was obtained.This method could provide strong support for operators to quickly eliminate faults and make decisions, so as to improve the efficiency and accuracy for fault diagnosis and prediction, with innovation in its application.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Probability
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 33-40, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781610

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#BK polyomavirus (BKPyV)-associated nephropathy (BKPyVAN) is an important cause of dysfunction and failure of renal transplants. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of morning urine specific gravity (MUSG) in diagnosing BKPyVAN in kidney transplant recipients.@*METHODS@#A total of 87 patients, including 27 with BKPyVAN, 22 with isolated BKPyV viruria, 18 with T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR), and 20 with stable graft function, were enrolled in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from March 2015 to February 2017. MUSG at biopsy and during a follow-up period of 24 months after biopsy was collected and analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the ability of MUSG to discriminate BKPyVAN.@*RESULTS@#At biopsy, the MUSG of BKPyVAN group (1.008 ± 0.003) was significantly lower than that of isolated BK viruria group (1.013 ± 0.004, P < 0.001), TCMR group (1.011 ± 0.003, P = 0.027), and control group (1.014 ± 0.006, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in MUSG among the isolated BK viruria group, TCMR group, and control group (P = 0.253). In BKPyVAN group, the timing and trend of MUSG elevate were consistent with the timing and trend of the decline of viral load in urine and plasma, reaching a statistical difference at 3 months after treatment (1.012 ± 0.003, P < 0.001) compared with values at diagnosis. ROC analysis indicated that the optimal cut-off value of MUSG for diagnosis of BKPyVAN was 1.009, with an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.803 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.721-0.937). For differentiating BKPyVAN and TCMR, the optimal MUSG cut-off value was 1.010, with an AUC of 0.811 (95% CI: 0.687-0.934).@*CONCLUSION@#Combined detection of MUSG and BKPyV viruria is valuable for predicting BKPyVAN and distinguishing BKPyVAN from TCMR in renal transplant recipients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801920

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer' s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease with insidious onset and complex etiology and pathogenesis. The main pathological changes are the damage of cholinergic neurons and the loss of synapses. Because of advantages of multi-pathway and multi-target intervention, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compound prescriptions have a significant effect in the prevention and treatment of AD. Buyang Huanwu Tang, which is the representative prescription for benefiting Qi and activating blood circulation, has been widely used in cerebrovascular diseases, with significant effects in protecting neurons, repairing blood-brain barrier, reducing permeability, resisting cerebral edema and vascular endothelial cell injury and promoting new angiogenesis and maturation. Due to its powerful therapeutic effect the brain, a large number of scholars have found that Buyang Huanwu Tang has a significant effect in improving cognitive impairment, and different components can improve the therapeutic effect of cognitive impairment through different mechanisms. However, different studies focus on a relatively single mechanism of action, which is not conducive to a comprehensive understanding of its mechanisms of action and intervention targets. This article summarizes relevant literatures in recent years for the effect of Buyang Huanwu Tang and its component in reducing beta amyloid precursor protein (APP) expression and beta amyloid protein deposition, inhibiting the central nervous system inflammatory signaling pathways in reducing inflammatory cytokines release factor expression protect neurons, repair, neuron apoptosis blood brain barrier, preventing harmful substances from the central nervous system, improving the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LRP)-1 content, lowering ages receptor (RAGE) beta amyloid protein expression, and increasing peripheral clearance of β amyloid protein, and elaborated the mechanisms in protecting neurons and alleviating learning and cognitive dysfunction, in order to provide strong literature support for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease with Buyang Huanwu Tang.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753370

ABSTRACT

Tea is a widely consumed beverage and has many important physiological properties and potential health benefits. In this study, a novel method based on supercritical fluid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (SFC-MS) was developed to simultaneously determine 11 amino acids in different types of tea (green teas, Oolong tea, black tea and Pu-erh tea). The separation conditions for the analysis of the selected amino acids including the column type, temperature and backpressure as well as the type of additive, were carefully optimized. The best separation of the 11 amino acids was obtained by adding water (5%, v/v) and trifluoroacetic acid (0.4%, v/v) to the organic modifier (methanol). Finally, the developed SFC-MS method was fully validated and successfully applied to the determination of these amino acids in six different tea samples. Good linearity (r ! 0.993), precision (RSDs 2.99%), accuracy (91.95%e107.09%) as well as good sample stability were observed. The limits of detection ranged from 1.42 to 14.69 ng/mL, while the limits of quantification were between 4.53 and 47.0 ng/mL. The results indicate that the contents of the 11 amino acids in the six different tea samples are greatly influenced by the degree of fermentation. The proposed SFC-MS method shows a great potential for further investi-gation of tea varieties.

16.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1107-1111,1123, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752502

ABSTRACT

Objective Toexploretheriskfactorsofchronicinjuryofmedialcollateralligament(MCL)inpatientswithosteoarthritis(OA). Methods Thestudywasconductedretrospectivelyandatotalof191patientsinourhospitalfromFebruary2017toApril2018were collected,amongthem,86casesofOApatientswithchronicinjuryofMCLastheobservationgroup,42casesofpatientswithacute MCLinjurycausedbytraumaasthecontrolgroup1,63casesofOApatientswithoutMCLinjuryascontrolgroup2.TheMRImanifestationsof kneejointsintheobservationgroupandthecontrolgroup1werecompared,thedifferencesofthedamagemechanismsbetweenthe twogroupswereanalyzed.TheMRImanifestationsandrelatedclinicaldataoftheobservationgroupandthecontrolgroup2wereanalyzed,and thefactorsthatmightcausethechronicinjuryofMCL wereidentifiedbyunivariateregressionanalysis,thenwereincludedinthe non-conditional L o g istic regression m odel for m ultivariate analysis and the risk factors and protective factors of chronic injury of MCLwerefinallyscreenedout.Results Thedifferencesinthe MRImanifestationsbetweentheobservationgroupandthecontrol group1,includingthegradingoftheMCLinjury,thegradingandthedislocationofmedialmeniscus,thedistributionofbonemarrow edema,theanteriorandposteriorcruciateligamentinjuriesandthestenosistypesofthejointspacewerestatisticallysignificant(P<0.05).The resultsrevealedthatthechronicinjuryofMCLwasrelatedtoage,sex,medialmeniscusdislocation,thegradingofmedialmeniscus, osteophyte,anteriorcruciateligamentinjury,posteriorcruciateligamentinjury,andthestenosistypeofthejointspaceusingtheunivariateanalysis (P<0.05).Theresultsrevealedthatosteophyte(OR=38.231,95%CI:6.573-222.370),medialmeniscusdislocation (OR=6.504, 95%CI:1.508-28.046),anteriorcruciateligamentinjury(OR=7.236,95%CI:1.188-44.090)wereriskfactorsforchronicinjury ofMCLinOApatientsandlateraljointspacestenosis(OR=0.014, 95%CI:0.002-0.092)andpatella-femoraljointspacestenosis (OR=0.006,95%CI:0.000-0.071)wereprotectivefactorsusing multiple L o g istic regression model.Conclusion Thepathogenicfactorsaredifferentbetweenchronicinjuryof MCLin OA patients andacuteinjuryofMCL.Osteophyte,medialmeniscusdislocation,anteriorcruciateligamentinjuryareriskfactorsforchronicinjury ofMCLinOApatients,andlateraljointspacestenosisandpatella-femoralspacestenosisareprotectivefactors.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751875

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of U50488H on the ultrastructure and organ function in septic shock rats. Methods Forty SD male rats were randomly(random number) divided into 5 groups: sham group, septic shock group, U50488H+septic shock group, nor-BNI+U50488H+septic shock group, and nor-BNI+septic shock group, with 8 rats in each group. Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was performed to induce septic shock in the septic shock group. Rats in the U50488H+septic shock group were treated with U50488H injection by intravenous at the shock point, and other procedures were the same as the septic shock group. Rats in the nor-BNI+U50488H+septic shock group were treated with nor-BNI injection by intravenous 3.5 h after abdomen closed, and other procedures were the same as the U50488H+septic shock group. Except for U50488H injection, rats in the nor-BNI+septic shock group received procedures the same as the nor-BNI+U50488H+septic shock group. Albumin, cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and N terminal pro B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in serum were measured at abdomen-closed, 3, 6, and 12 h after CLP. The changes of histology and ultramicro structure under electron microscope of lung, heart, liver and kidney of rats were observed at 12 h after CLP. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 19.0. Comparison among groups was carried out using ANOVA, and Student's t-test was used for multiple comparisons as post-hoc. Results At 6 and 12 h of CLP, serum albumin of the septic shock group were significantly lower than those of the sham group (P<0.01), while those in the cTnI and NT-pro BNP groups were higher at 3, 6, and 12 h of CLP (P<0.01). Compared with the septic shock group, serum albumin of the U50488H+septic shock group increased significantly (P<0.01), whereas the serum levels of cTnI and NT-pro BNP decreased remarkably at 3, 6 and 12 h of CLP (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively). Compared with the sham group, the alveolar wall was severely damaged, the alveolar septum and blood vessel wall were thickened obviously; the myocardial fiber was swollen, necrotic, and the infiltration of central granulocyte was increased significantly; hepatocyte showed edema, vacuolar-like steatosis, fatty degeneration, spotty and focal necrosis; and slight edema and vacuolar degeneration were found in the glomerulus endothelial in the septic shock group. Compared with the septic shock group, the ultrastructural damage of the lung, heart, liver and kidney of the U50488H+ septic shock group was significantly improved. All the above effects of U50488H could be blocked by nor-BNI (a selective κ-opioid receptor antagonist) (P<0.01). Conclusions U50488H can promote the recovery of serum albumin, and protect organ function in septic shock rats.

18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742109

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of three types of intraoral scanners and the accuracy of the single abutment and bridge abutment model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, a single abutment, and a bridge abutment with missing first molar was fabricated and set as the reference model. The reference model was scanned with an industrial three-dimensional scanner and set as reference scan data. The reference model was scanned five times using the three intraoral scanners (CS3600, CS3500, and EZIS PO). This was set as the evaluation scan data. In the three-dimensional analysis (Geomagic control X), the divided abutment region was selected and analyzed to verify the scan accuracy of the abutment. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software (α = .05). The accuracy of intraoral scanners was compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test and post-test was performed using the Pairwise test. The accuracy difference between the single abutment model and the bridge abutment model was analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: The accuracy according to the intraoral scanner was significantly different (P < .05). The trueness of the single abutment model and the bridge abutment model showed a statistically significant difference and showed better trueness in the single abutment (P < .05). There was no significant difference in the precision (P = .616). CONCLUSION: As a result of comparing the accuracy of single and bridge abutments, the error of abutment scan increased with increasing scan area, and the accuracy of bridge abutment model was clinically acceptable in three types of intraoral scanners.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Molar
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of ultrasound-guided minimal traverse-cross technique repair for acute closed Achilles tendon ruptures.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to March 2017, 20 patients with acute closed Achilles tendon rupture were treated by minimal traverse-cross technique repair with ultrasound guided. Among them, including 13 males and 7 females, aged from 28 to 49 years old with an average of(31.3 ±4.5) years old. All patients were single side injury. Fifteen patients on the left side and 5 patients were on the right side. The time from injury to operation ranged from 1 to 5 days with an average of (2.5±0.7) days. Operative time, postoperative complications were observed, and AOFAS score before and after operation at 12 months were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 27 months with an average of(15.2±4.9) months. Operative time ranged from 33 to 65 min with an average of(43.7±5.6) min. Incision of one patient were continued oozing and improved after changing dressings, other patients were healed at stage I. No sural nerve irritation symptoms and palindromic rapture of heel tendon occurred. AOFAS score was improved from 65.2±7.4 before operation to 97.7±4.7 after operation at 12 months (t=22.5, <0.01); 18 patients got excellent results and 2 good.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ultrasound-guided minimal traverse-cross technique repair for acute closed Achilles tendon ruptures, which promise minimal incision, protect sural nerve, ensure quality of tendon anastomosis and fixation, and is a ideal method for repairing acute closed Achilles tendon ruptures.


Subject(s)
Achilles Tendon , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rupture , Sural Nerve , Sutures , Tendon Injuries , Treatment Outcome
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1497-1503, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of baicalin derivative 02-036 on proliferation and apoptosis human Burkitt lymphoma cell line CA46 and its related mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The MTT assay and cell colony formation assay were used to measure the growth inhibition of CA46 cells after 02-036 treatment. The flow cytometry with AnnexinV-FITC/PI double staining was employed to detect the apoptosis induction effect of 02-036 on CA46 cells. Cell cycle distribution of CA46 cells was estimeted by using DNA ploid analysis. Western blot was used to determine the changes of apoptosis-related proteins, including C-MYC, BCL-2, Procaspase-9, Procaspase-3, PARP and Cleaved-PARP.@*RESULTS@#Baicalin derivative 02-036 obviously inhibited the proliferation of CA46 cells, with dose- and time-dependent manner (r=0.963, r=0.992). The averaged IC value of CA46 cells was (6.04±0.11) μmol/L after 48-hour treatment. Low concentration of 02-036 could significantly inhibit the colony formation of CA46 cells. Flow cytometry analysis confirmed that 02-036 could effectively induce CA46 cell apoptosis. The apoptosis rate correlated with drug concentrations (r=0.959). Also, DNA ploid analysis showed that the cell cycle of CA46 was arrested in the S phase. The expression levels of BCL-2, Pro-caspase-9, Pro-caspase-3, PARP and C-MYC proteins decreased with a 02-036-dose dependent manner (r values were -0.990, -0.939, -0.971 and -0.967, respectively). In contrast, the expression level of cleaved-PARP increased with the same manner (r=0.920).@*CONCLUSION@#Baicalin derivative 02-036 can effectively inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of CA46 cells, and its related mechanisms may be correlated with the down-regulation of apoptosis-related molecule expression levels, such as BCL-2, Pro-caspase-9, Pro-caspase-3, PARP and C-MYC.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Burkitt Lymphoma , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Flavonoids , Humans
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