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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914652

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Sheep-induced pluripotent stem cells (siPSCs) have low reprogramming efficiency, thereby hampering their use in biotechnology and agriculture. Several studies have shown that some microRNAs play an important role in promoting somatic reprogramming in mouse and human. In this study, we investigated the effect of miR-200c-141 on somatic reprogramming in sheep and explored the mechanism of promoting the reprogramming. @*Methods@#and Results: The lentivirus system driven by tetracycline (TET)-on carrying Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc, Klf4, Nanog, Lin28, hTERT, and SV40LT (OSKMNLST) could reprogram sheep kidney cells into pluripotent cells. Overexpression of miR-200c-141 in combination with OSKMNLST could significantly improve the efficiency of sheep iPSC generation (p<0.01). Sheep iPSCs derived from miR-200c-141 showed embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like pluripotent properties, were positive for alkaline phosphatase and some pluripotent markers by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunofluorescence, and were able to differentiate into three germ layers in vitro. Oar-miR-200c was transfected into HEK293FT cells and was able to target the zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) 3’UTR using dual luciferase reporting analysis. Overexpression of oar-miR-200c in SKCs significantly reduced the expression of ZEB1, but increased the expression of E-cadherin by qRT-PCR and western blotting analysis. @*Conclusions@#These results suggest that miR-200c-141 can promote the reprogramming of sheep somatic cells to iPSCs, and oar-miR-200c targeted ZEB1 3’UTR, significantly decreased expression of ZEB1, and increased expression of E-cadherin. Oar-miR-200c may improve the MET process by affecting the TGF-β signaling pathway, thus improving the efficiency of somatic cell reprogramming in sheep.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL1) in serum of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).Methods:Twenty PDR patients confirmed by clinical examination and 20 normal people were included in the study. Human retinal vascular endothelial cells (HRCEC) were divided into HRCEC blank control group, 3 h hypoxia group, 6 h hypoxia group. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) were divided into HUVEC blank control group, 3h hypoxia group, 6h hypoxia group. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) and ELISA were used to determine the expression of FSTL1, TGF-β, VEGF, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) mRNA and protein in peripheral blood and cells of all groups from all subjects.Results:The expressions of FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, VEGF mRNA in blood samples of patients with PDR were 1.79±0.58, 0.97±0.21, 1.85±0.69 and 1.38±0.44. The expressions of FSTL1, TGF-β1 protein were 1.19±0.50, 0.71±0.24 ng/ml and 734.03±116.45, 649.36±44.23 ng/L. Compared with normal people, the differences were statistically significant ( tmRNA=0.90, 0.21, 2.85, 1.77; P=0.00, 0.00, 0.04, 0.02. tprotein=1.88, 7.68; P=0.00, 0.02). The cell viability of HRCEC cells in the 3 h hypoxia group and the 6 h hypoxia group were 0.66±0.05 and 0.64±0.04, respectively. Compared with the blank control group, the difference was statistically significant ( F=13.02, P=0.00). The cell viability of HUVEC cells in the 3 h hypoxia group and the 6 h hypoxia group were 0.63±0.06 and 0.68±0.06, respectively. Compared with the blank control group, the difference was statistically significant ( F=26.52, P=0.00). Comparison of FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, and VEGF mRNA expression in HRCEC blank control group and 3 h hypoxia group, the differences were statistically significant ( F=14.75, 44.93, 85.54, 6.23; P=0.01, 0.00, 0.00, 0.03). Compared with the HRCEC blank control and 3 h hypoxia group, the expressions of FSTL1 and TGF-β1 protein were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in TGF-β1 protein expression in the hypoxic 6 h group ( P=0.03) and no significant difference in FSTL1 protein expression ( P=0.68). Comparison of FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, and VEGF mRNA expression in HUVEC blank control group and 3h hypoxia group, the differences were statistically significant ( F=19.08, 25.12, 22.89, 13.07; P=0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.01). Immunofluorescence staining results showed that FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, and VEGF proteins were positively expressed in cells in the 3h hypoxia and 6h hypoxia groups. Conclusion:The expression of FSTL1 gene and protein in serum of PDR patients was significantly higher than that of normal people.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711972

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) recombinant interference vector (shRNA) and observe its inhibitory effect on the expression of endogenous CTGF in retinal vascular endothelial cells.Methods The human CTGF shRNA was constructed and the high-titer CTGF shRNA lentivirus particles was acquired via three-plasmid lentivirus packaging system to infect retinal vascular endothelial cells.The optimal multiplicity and onset time of lentivirus infection were identified by tracing down the red florescent protein in interference vector.The cells were classified into three groups:blank control group,infection control group and CTGF knockdown group.The differences in cells migrating ability was observed through Transwell allay.The mRNA and protein expression of CTGF,fibronectin,a-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen Ⅰ (Col Ⅰ) were quantified through real-time PCR testing and Western blot system.Data between the three groups were examined via one-way analysis of variance.Results The result showed that an optimal multiplicity of 20 and onset time of 72 hours were the requirements to optimize lentivirus infection.Transwell allay result showed a contrast in the number of migrated cells in the CTGF knockdown group and that in the blank control group and infection control group (F=20.64,P=0.002).Real-time PCR testing showed a contrast in related gene expression (CTGF,fibronectin,α-SMA and Col Ⅰ) in the CTGF knocked-down group and that in the blank control group and infection control group (F=128.83,124.44,144.76,1 374.44;P=0.000,0.000,0.000,0.000).Western blot system showed the statistical significance of the contrasted number of related protein expression (CTGF,fibronectin,α-SMA and Col Ⅰ) in the knockdown group and that in the blank control group (F=22.55,41.60,25.73,161.68;P=0.002,0.000,0.001,0.000).Conclusion The success in producing CTGF shRNA lentivirus particle suggests that CTGF shRNA lentivirus can effectively knock down CTGF expression.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711918

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe RNA-Seq analysis of gene expression profiling in human retinal vascular endothelial cells after anti-vascular endothecial growth factor (VEGF) treatment.Methods Cultured the retinal vascular endothelial cells in vitro and logarithmic growth phase cells were used for experiments.The cells were divided into VEGF group and VEGF combined with anti-VEGF drugs group.The VEGF group cells were treated with 50 ng/ml VEGF for 72 h to simulate the high VEGF survival conditions of vascular endothelial cells in diabetic retinopathy.VEGF combined with anti-VEGF drug group cells was treated with 50 ng/ml VEGF and 2.5 μg/ml anti-VEGF drugs for 72 h to imitate the microenvironment of cells following the anti-VEGF drugs treatment,and whole transcriptome sequencing approach was applied to the above two groups of cells through RNA-Seq.Now with biological big data obtained as a basis,to analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs).And through enrichment analysis to explain the differential functions of DEGs and their signal pathways.Results The gene expression profiles of the two groups of cells were obtained.Through analysis,328 DEGs were found,including 194 upregulated and 133 downregulated ones.The functions of DEGs were influenced by regulations over molecular biological process,cellular energy metabolism and protein synthesis,etc.Among these genes,SI,PRX and HPGD were related to protein synthesis,BIRCT to cellular apoptosis,and ABLIM 1 and CRB2 to retinal development,and ABCG 1,ABCA9 and ABCA12 were associated with the cholesterol of macrophage and the transfer of phospholipid.GO enrichment analysis showed that DEGs mainly act in three ways:regulating biological behavior,organizing cellular component and performing molecular function.Pathway enrichment analysis showed that gene expressions of the two cell groups were differentiated in ECM receptor pathway,and Notch,mitogen-activated protein kinase,transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and Wnt signal pathways.Among them,the gene expression in TGF-β signal pathway attracts most attention,where the DEGs,such as CAMK2B,COL3A1,CYGB,PTGER2 and HS6ST2,among others,were closely related to fibrosis process.Conclusion The anti-VEGF drugs may enhance the expression ofCAMK2B,COL3A1,CYGB,PTGER2 and others genes related to TGF-β signal pathway and aggravate retinal fibrosis disease.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1066-1070,1071, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602336

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of activating Sonic hedgehog( Shh) pathway on the function of endothelial progenitor cells ( EPCs ) in type 1 diabetic mice. Methods EPCs were isolated and cultured by density gradient method from diabetic mice. The effects of Shh N-terminal peptide and agonist SAG on EPCs prolifera-tion were evaluated by using the MTT colorimetric as-say. EPCs migration was measured by Transwell meth-od. EPCs tube formation ability was estimated by Matrigel . EPCs senescence activity was determined by β-galactosidase staining. Results Compared with control mice, the function of EPCs in type 1 diabetic mice was impaired. The proliferation, migration and tube formation of diabetic EPCs could be promoted by Shh peptide and agonist SAG. The senescence of dia-betic EPCs could be decreased by Shh peptide and ag-onist SAG. Conclusion Activating Shh signaling pathway can improve the impared function of diabetic EPCs in type 1 diabetic mice.

6.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1544-1547, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451975

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the effect of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) at different concentration (0,10,25, 50 and 100μmol/L ) on proliferation rate and apoptosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line C666-1 in vitro, and elucidate the role of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1). Methods The proliferation rate in vitro of C666-1 cells stimulated by EGCG at increasing concentrations (0,10,25,50,and 100 μmol/L)for 24 h or at concentration of 50μmol/L for 0,6,12 h and 24 h were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays. Cell were treated with EGCG at concentration of 0,25, 50 and 100 μmol/L for 24 h, cell apoptosis was anylysed by TUNEL assay and expression levels of SIRT1 protein was detected by western blotting. Results EGCG suppressed cell proliferation of C666-1 cell line in a concentration-dependent manner at concentration of 0 ,10,25,50,and 100μmol/L, and in a time-dependently when treated with 50 μmol/L for 12 to 24 h(P<0.05). After treated for 24 h with different concentration of EGCG at 0、25、50、100 μmol/L, cell apoptosis increased at concentration of 50 to 100μmol/L and expression of SIRT1 decreased in a concentration-dependently (P<0.05). Conclusion EGCG induced cell apoptosis of C666-1 cells by down-regulating SIRT1 expression.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406075

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the treatment efficacy of reverse flaring technique applied by two rotary instruments, Hero 642 and ProTaper, on complicated molar root canal preparation. Methods: 100 molars with curved root canals (maximum curved angle ≥25 degrees) suffered from pulpitis or periapicities were randomly divided into two groups. In experimental group reverse flaring technique was applied by rotary instruments while in control group reverse flaring technique was not adopted. 50 experimental teeth with curved canals were operated with K files, Hero 642 and ProTaper in sequence. Lateral condensation obturation method was utilized in both groups. Root canal preparation and obturation efficiency were evaluated by X-ray, root canal preparation time and complication incidence (1 year follow-up rate was 95%). Results: Reverse flaring technique applied by Hero 642 and ProTaper Ni-Ti rotary instruments on complicated (curved) root canal preparation in group A demonstrated better root canal coning and smoothness, without instrument fractures, while instrument fractures occurred in control group. Significant difference was found in exact root canal obturation rate and not enough full rate, root canal smoothness and postoperative pain between two groups(P<0.05). Conclusion: Reverse flaring technique applied by Hero 642 and ProTaper NI-Ti rotary instruments indicates complementary potencies, demonstrating satisfactory root canal shape and obturation effectiveness, and lower complication incidence. Reverse flaring technique applied by Ni-Ti rotary instruments is apt for medium/severe curved root canal preparation and worthy of clinical application.

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