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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696681

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the long-term efficacy of neonatal immunoprophylaxis in children born from mothers infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV),and to clarify whether a booster vaccination is required.Methods Totally 252 children of HBV infected mothers,who were negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) tested in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital in 2012,were enrolled to participate in this study from July to September,2017.Revaccination of hepatitis B vaccine was recorded and other relevant informations were collected.HBV serologic markers were detected in each child.Results Totally 198 children (78.6%) were followed up.They were (8.4 ± 2.2) years old and 112 cases were boys.All 198 children were negative for both HBsAg and hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc).The overall positive rate of hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) (≥ 10 IU/L) was 65.7%.During period of 2012 to 2017,53 children were boosted with hepatitis B vaccine.Their median anti-HBs titer in 2017 was higher than that in 2012 (327.95 IU/L vs.158.01 IU/L),and the difference was significant (Z =-4.480,P <0.05).The other 145 children were not revaccinated,their median anti-HBs titer was decreased from 214.19 IU/L in 2012 to 70.49 IU/L in 2017,and the difference was significant (Z =-6.575,P < 0.05).Of 145 children who were not revaccinated,25 cases had anti-HBs levels < 10 IU/L and 120 cases ≥ 10 IU/L in 2012,and the other 47 cases also showed the antibody < 10 IU/L in 2017,but none of them was infected with HBV.Conclusions Neonatal immunoprophylaxis in infants from HBV-infected can provide long-term protection against hepatitis B.The children with anti-HBs < 10 IU/L are still immune to HBV and booster vaccination for them seems unnecessary.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452851

ABSTRACT

To investigate the impact of maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier state on twin pregnancy outcomes. Methods From January 2004 to December 2012, 569 women with twin pregnancy were hospitalized in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. Thirty-two women positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)(negative for hepatitis B e antigen, with normal liver function before conception)were included in the HBsAg-positive group and the other 537 women were included in the HBsAg-negative group. The pregnancy outcomes of the two groups were compared by t test and Chi-square test. The risk factors for neonatal birth weight were analyzed by multivariate regression analysis. Results Compared with the HBsAg-negative group, the HBsAg-positive women had a higher incidence of abnormal liver function (alanine aminotransferase≥50 U/L) [18.8% (6/32) vs 5.8% (31/537), χ2=6.367, P=0.012]. The incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus was 21.9% (7/32) in the HBsAg-positive group, which was higher than in the HBsAg-negative group [11.6% (62/537)], although the difference was not significant (χ2=2.132, P=0.144). The incidences of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy,hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy, premature rupture of membranes, placenta previa, fetal distress, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm birth, caesarean section, umbilical cord around the neck, meconium-staining amniotic fluid and neonatal asphyxia were no statistical difference between two groups (all P<0.05, respectively). Multivariate regression analysis showed that gestational diabetes mellitus (β=67.869, 95%CI: 0.494-135.244, P=0.048), maternal age (β=6.592, 95%CI: 2.020-11.880, P=0.006) and gestational age (β=164.069, 95%CI:154.426-173.712, P<0.01) were risk factors for neonatal birth weight, but not the maternal HBsAg-positive status (β=78.864, 95%CI: -16.950-174.678, P=0.107). Conclusion Twin pregnancy and HBV carrier state increase the risk of abnormal liver function, but not other adverse pregnancy outcomes and newborn diseases.

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