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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 539-547, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881933

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the literature characteristics and research status of occupational hand-arm vibration disease in China. METHODS: Literature information on occupational hand-arm vibration disease published before 2018 in China were searched and collected through the China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) and Wanfang Database. The bibliometrics was used to analyze the publication time, type, journal sources, authors and their institutions, citation situation, funds and high-frequency key words. RESULTS: From 1975 to 2018, a total of 349 papers on occupational hand-arm vibration disease were published. The main article type was monograph, with a total of 179 articles(accounting for 51.3%). The articles were distributed in 79 kinds of journals, among them, 10 journals including China Occupational Medicine and Industrial Health and Occupational Diseases were the main carriers to publish related articles(237 papers, accounting for 67.9%). The main research institutions of the literature were Jining Medical College and Guangdong Province Hospital for Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment, with 134 papers(accounting for 38.4%) published. Among the 5 core authors of the literature, 4 were from the above 2 research institutions. A total of 121 articles(accounting for 34.7%) were cited, and 77 articles(accounting for 22.1%) were supported by research fund. The top 3 high-frequency key words used were arm vibration disease, hand-transmitted vibration/local vibration and occupational disease. CONCLUSION: Occupational hand-arm vibration disease has attracted the attention of Chinese researchers, however, follow-up research, literature quality and funding support still need to be improved.

2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E536-E540, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802390

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of Bmi1 on the migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in response to low shear stress. Methods A parallel plate flow chamber system was used to generate low (0.5 Pa) or normal (1.5 Pa) laminar shear stress. HUVECs were isolated, cultured and exposed to flow for 12 hours. The mRNA and protein levels of Bmi1 were analyzed by real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. Meanwhile, wound healing assay was performed to determine the migration of HUVECs. Bmi1 specific small interference RNA (siRNA) was used to silence Bmi1 gene. Results Low shear stress (0.5 Pa) significantly inhibited migration of HUVECs compared with normal shear stress (1.5 Pa). Similarly, compared with HUVECs exposed to normal shear stress, the expression of Bmi1 significantly increased in HUVECs exposed to low shear stress. Small interfering RNA knockdown of Bmi1 attenuated low shear stress-induced inhibition of HUVECs migration. Conclusions Low shear stress may inhibit the migration of HUVECs through up-regulation of Bmi1 expression. Knockdown of Bmi1 may reverse the HUVECs migration inhibited by low shear stress.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796402

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the changes of extracellular histones and pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells, and study the activating role of extracellular histones to pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells in the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) .@*Methods@#The correlation of the severity of acute lung injury with extracellular histones and pulmonary endothelial damage was studied through mice model, and acute lung injury was produced by aspiration of different concentrations of hydrochloric acid (0.01、0.1、0.3 and 0.5 mol/L, 2 ml/kg). Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), soluble thrombomodulin (sTM) and lung pathological change were measured. The pro-inflammatory role of extracellular histones was tested by injecting calf thymus histones (CTH) or specific anti-H4 antibody through tail vein. The direct activating role of extracellular histones to pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells was studied through pulmonary endothelial model.@*Results@#The extracellular histones in plasma were increased obviously 6h after aspiration of different concentrations of hydrochloric acid in mice. A positive correlation was seen between extracellular histones and concentrations of aspirated hydrochloric acid (r=0.9180, P<0.05). The sTM in plasma also showed a positive correlation with concentrations of aspirated hydrochloric acid (r=0.8701, P<0.05). Merely administering CTH could not only increase TNF-α and sTM in plasma but also cause obvious lung injury, while specific anti-H4 antibody could relieve the inflammation and lung damage caused by CTH. Extracellular histones could directly damage pulmonary endothelial cells to release sTM in pulmonary endothelial model in vitro, while anti-H4 antibody could protect the endothelial cells.@*Conclusion@#Extracellular histones are the key endogenic inflammatory mediators during the pathogenesis of ARDS caused by aspiration of hydrochloric acid, which could promote inflammation by directly activating pulmonary endothelial cells.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 369-372, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810606

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the pathological features and clinical manifestation of pediatric nodal marginal zone lymphoma(NMZL).@*Methods@#Histological morphology and immunophenotype of 7 cases of pediatric NMZL were retrospectively reviewed at Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Medical University between January 2008 to October 2018. Clonal rearrangement analysis was performed. Clinical information including patient follow-up data were analyzed.@*Results@#All 7 patients were male with a median age of 15 years aged from 10 to 26 years. All patients presented with only lymph node enlargement without B symptoms, including cervical lymph node (5 cases), preauricular lymph node (1 case) and retroauricular lymph node (1 case). Histologically, all cases showed irregular large follicles on the edges with widened marginal areas and intervesicular areas, and lesional cells were uniform with progressive transformation of germinal center centers along with a small amount of intrinsic lymphoid tissue. All 7 cases showed diffuse CD20 positivity both follicle and interfollicular region along with 30%-40% positivity in the interfollicular region (pathological region). Markers of other B-cell lymphomas werenot expressed. All 7 cases were positive for immunoglobulin(Ig) gene rearrangement. None of the patients showed no recurrence up on after follow-up for an average of 13 months.@*Conclusions@#Pediatric NMZL is a rare type of lymphoma that has a unique morphology and occurs almost exclusively in male children and young adults and often in head and neck lymph nodes. It has an excellent prognosis. Therefore, awareness of the disease with accurate diagnosis is important.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734000

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of family education methods and parental rearing or not on the psychological problem tendency of primary school students.Methods The mental health test (MHT) was used on getting mental health data of the 2 838 primary school students from Dongguan city.Results (1) The results of MHT showed that 94.28% of primary school students had no psychological problems,the tendency rate of psychological problems was 4.29%,and 1.43% of them were suffering from serious psychological problems.Learning anxiety,physical symptoms and allergy tendency were more prominent.(2) The total MHT scores of primary school students with authoritarian,democratic,permissive and neglected family education methods were (34.84±14.58),(31.04±13.60),(35.19±12.82) and (41.19±13.10)respectively.There was no statistically significant difference in the terrorist tendency dimension scores of primary school students with different education methods (F=2.33,P=0.054),and the differences in the MHT total score and other dimensions were statistically significant (F=4.35-16.88,P<0.01).(3) There were statistically significant differences in the scores of the total score of psychological problem tendency,dimensions of learning anxiety,anxiety to people,allergy tendency and impulse tendency of primary school students who were parental rearing or not (t=2.09-3.67,P<0.05).However,there was no statistically significant difference in the dimensions of loneliness tendency,self-accusation tendency,physical symptoms and terrorist tendency (P>0.05).Conclusion Family education methods and parenting styles has a impact on the mental health of primary school students.

6.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1863-1866, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733378

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the CT features in the early stage of asymptomatic active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB)in adolescence after PTB outbreak.Methods After PTB outbreak in a boarding school of a certain county in northern Jiangsu province,the clinical data, X-ray and CT findings of 47 cases with active PTB were analyzed retrospectively and compared with CT findings after treatment.Results In 47 cases,the incidence of male was higher than that of female,and 27 cases were negative on chest X-ray.The difference of X-ray and CT detection rate in the early stage of active PTB was statistically significant (P<0.001).Of 47 cases,46 patients had pulmonary parenchymal lesions and 1 had pleural effusion on CT.The lesions were found on 58 lobes and 60 lung segments,and 35 cases demonstrate lesions on the upper lobes,22 cases on the lower lobes,1 case on the middle lobe.CT images showed tree-in-bud opacities (68.1%),micronodules (89.4%) and consolidation (21.3%).All of patients got better after antituberculous therapy.Conclusion Active PTB should be considered first when CT scan shows micronodules or tree-in-bud signs in adolescences with PTB exposure.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 417-422, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810016

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors of mantle cell lymphoma(MCL).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 349 MCL patients diagnosed at Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2004 to January 2016 were retrospectively collected. Corresponding histological sections were reviewed. Additional studies included immunohistochemical staining using the MaxVision two-step method, IgH/CCND1 fusion gene detection by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and correlative statistical analysis.@*Results@#Of 349 patients with MCL, the median patient age was 61 years (range: 25-83 years, M∶F=2.7∶1.0) and the age of 243 patients ranged from 51 to 70 years (69.6%). Those with B symptoms accounted for 22.4% (70/313). Most of the patients presented with superficial lymphadenopathy and the clinical stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ accounted for 76.1% (235/309). Extranodal involvement was seen in 47.9% (148/309), among which the gastrointestinal tract accounted for 31.8% (47/148) and splenic involvement accounted for 15.4% (47/305). Three hundred and nine (88.5%) cases were of classical type and 40 (11.5%) cases were of aggressive variant type, and all were composed of proliferating lymphoid cells. All the tumors were positive for CD20 and cyclin D1, and 98.6% (344/349) tumors were weakly positive or positive for CD5. FISH test was positive in 12 cases that were CD5 negative and with cyclin D1 partial expression.Two hundred and forty-three (69.6%) patients had a median follow-up of 26 months (range: 3-108 months). The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates for patients were 63.0% and 34.8%, respectively. Single factor analysis showed that age of >60 years, splenic involvement, aggressive variant type, incompletely overlapping type [Based on the degree of overlap ≥90% and <90% between the follicular dendritic cell (FDC) meshwork and tumor cells, the tumors were divided into the completely overlapped type and incompletely overlapped type] and Ki-67 index >40% had poor prognosis (P<0.05). Multiple factor Cox proportional risk regression analysis after removing the aggressive variant type showed that age, splenic involvement, the degree of overlap between the FDC meshwork and tumor cells and Ki-67 index were independent prognostic factors for overall survival rate of MCL patients (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#MCL is more commonly found among middle-aged and elderly men. Patient age, splenic involvement, degree of overlap between FDC meshwork and tumor cells and Ki-67 index are the independent prognostic indicators for MCL.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 407-411, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810014

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of EBV-positive T/NK cell lymphoproliferative diseases (EBV+ T/NK-LPD).@*Methods@#The clinical characteristics of 156 cases of EBV+ T/NK-LPD were collected from August 2002 to March 2015 at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University. Immunohistochemical staining, EBER in situ hybridization and clonal analysis of TCR gene were performed. All patients were followed up.@*Results@#There were 106 male and 50 female patients; patients′ age ranged from 1 to 75 years (median 20 years). The course of the diseases before diagnosis ranged from 2 to 540 months (median 20 months). Fever was noted in 122 patients (78.2%), 108 patients had lymphadenopathy (69.2%), and 75 patients had hepatosplenomegaly (48.1%). Thirty-three cases were grade 1, 68 cases were grade 2, and 55 cases were grade 3. TCR gene arrangement analysis was performed in 45 cases, and 33 cases (73.3%) showed clonal rearrangement. The follow-up period ranged from 1-134 months, and 44 patients (28.2%) died. There was a trend of increased death rate associated with increasing grade (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#There are many types of EBV+ T/NK-LPD, and they can be classified as systemic, relatively localized and localized. The prognosis should be based on a comprehensive analysis of pathology and clinical data. There is no significant correlation between morphological grade and mortality. An important goal of therapy is to prevent serious complications.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 763-768, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807530

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of gastrointestinal mantle cell lymphoma (GI-MCL).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 38 GI-MCL patients diagnosed at Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2002 to January 2016 were retrospectively reviewed morphologically and immunophenotypically. IgH/CCND1 gene fusion was assessed by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). For comparison, 60 cases of non-GI-MCL were randomly selected to extract the differences inclinicopathological features and patient survival between the two groups.@*Results@#Of 38 patients with GI-MCL, the median age was 62 years (range: 35-78 years, 23 males and 15 females), of which patients of 60 years of age or older accounted for 55.3%. Patients with clinical course of less than 6 months accounted for 81.1%(30/37). The main symptoms included abdominal pain, diarrhea, anorexia and hematochezia. Those with B symptoms accounted for 32.4%(12/37). The tumor most often involved lleocecal region (57.9%, 22/38), followed by rectum (36.8%, 14/38) and sigmoid colon (28.9%, 11/37), and the stomach accounted for 18.4%(14/38). Endoscopic polypoid lesions were found in 33 cases (86.8%, 33/38), of which 22 cases (66.7%, 22/33) were multiple. Five cases (13.2%, 5/38) presented with local protuberant neoplasm. According to Ann Arbor staging, 3 cases (7.9%, 3/38) were at stage Ⅰ, 4 cases (10.5%, 4/38) were at stage Ⅱ, and 31 cases (81.6%, 31/38) were at stage Ⅳ. The number of patients with tumor involvement of abdominal and retroperitoneal lymph nodes accounted for 45.7%(16/35), including 41.7%(15/36) involving the superficial lymph node, 17.1%(6/35) involving extranodal sites, and 23.5%(8/34) having splenomegaly. All of the 38 cases were classic MCL, and the tumor was composed of uniform lymphoid cells and effacing normal mucosal structure. All tumors were positive for CD20 and CD5. 97.4% (37/38) tumors were positive for cyclin D1, and 92.0% (23/25) tumors were positive for SOX11. FISH test was positive in 1 case of cyclin D1 negative tumor. Twenty-eight patients (73.7%) had a median follow-up of 25.0 months (range: 3-79 months). The 3-year survival rate for stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ and stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ of patients were 80.0% and 69.1%, respectively (P> 0.05). The 3-year survival rate for GI-MCL and non-GI-MCL patients were 71.7% and 72.5%, respectively (P>0.05). Single factor analysis showed that age of >60 years and splenomegaly were correlated with a worse overall survival rate (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Gastrointestinal malaise is the most common presenting symptom in GI-MCL patients. GI-MCL more commonly involves colorectum with more frequent multiple polypoid lesions. Patients of age >60 years and with splenomegaly have poor prognosis. There is no difference in the prognosis between GI-MCL and non-GI-MCL patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 696-699, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807363

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the cut-off values of Ki-67 labeling index (LI) in the histological grading of follicular lymphoma (FL).@*Methods@#Clinicopathological data of 350 FL patients diagnosed at Beijing Friendship Hospital from June 2014 to January 2016 were analyzed retrospectively by quantitative evaluation and statistical analysis of Ki-67 LI.@*Results@#Of the 350 patients with FL, the male and female ratio was 1.1 and the average age was (50.2±14.0) years with a median age of 51 years (range 4 to 82 years). The tumors were graded as grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ in 215 cases (61.4%), grade Ⅲ A in 105 cases (30.0%), and grade Ⅲ B in 30 cases (8.6%). The average Ki-67 values were (22.8%±8.3%) for the FL low (grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ) and (50.4%±10.7%) for high grade (Ⅲ A and Ⅲ B) and were statistically significant by Mann Whitney U test (P<0.01). Receiver operated characteristic curve analysis showed that the best diagnostic cut-off value of low grade FL was 35% (sensitivity of 96.3% and specificity of 93.3%) with the largest area under curve (AUC=0.990, P<0.01, 95%CI for 0.982-0.998). According to the analysis of four lattice diagnostic tests, Ki-67 LI >40% was an important factor (χ2=230.733, P<0.01) in predicting high grade FL. When the cut-off value of Ki-67 LI was set at 40%, high grade LF could be diagnosed with the greatest sensitivity (98.1%) and specificity (87.7%). Moreover, a significant correlation between the Ki-67 LI and the pathological grade of FL (r=0.836, P<0.01) was observed.@*Conclusions@#Ki-67 LI of below a cut-off value of 35% is a reliable indicator of low grade FL.Ki-67 over 40% is consistent with high grade FL. These Ki-67 cut-off values may serveas an important auxiliary indicator in the grading of FL.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 176-179, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806243

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze clinical, pathological, molecular and genetic characteristics of Burkitt-like lymphoma with chromosome 11q aberration.@*Methods@#A case of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration was presented at Beijing Friendship Hospital in November 2016 with detailed clinicopathological features, immunophenotypes, Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) status and molecular genetic characteristics.@*Results@#The patient was a 38-year-old man presenting with the cervical lymphadenopathy. In morphology, the tumor had the similar characteristics of Burkitt lymphoma, including diffuse infiltration of medium to large lymphoid cells, and presence of"starry sky"phenomenon. Immunophenotypically, the tumor cells were positive for CD20, CD10, bcl-6, but negative for bcl-2. MUM-1 showed weak and patchy positivity. Ki-67 index was more than 95%. C-MYC expression was seen in about 50% of tumor cells. EBV in situ hybridization was negative. IgH and IgK genes were clonally rearranged.Fluorescence in situ hybrization detection using MYC break probe was negative but ATM gene amplification on chromosome 11q was detected. The patient did not receive any chemotherapy or radiotherapy and had not recurrence during the 10 months follow-up.@*Conclusion@#Burkitt-like lymphoma with chromosome 11q aberration has similar clinical, morphological and immunological characteristics to classic Burkitt′s lymphoma.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 158-162, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806239

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate clinicopathological features and prognosis of tonsillar mantle cell lymphoma(TMCL).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 25 patients with TMCL at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2002 to 2016 were included. All the cases were reviewed microscopically. Various immunohistochemical stains were performed using the MaxVision two-step method. IgH/CCND1 gene fusion was detected by fluorescent in situ hybridization(FISH). Additionally, randomly selected 40 cases of non-tonsil MCL of the same period were compared.@*Results@#Among all mantle cell lymphomas (MCL), TMCL accounted for 5.6%(25/449). The median age of the patients was 60 years(range: 44-82 years) with a M∶F ratio of 5.3 to 1.0. The main symptoms were sore throat and foreign body sensation and patients usually presented with enlargement or mass of tonsil. At the early stage of the disease, 18 cases(72.0%) were clinically misdiagnosed as tonsillitis. Lymph node involvement was present in 76.0%(19/25) of the patients. There were 4 cases(16.0%)with current splenic involvement, 11 cases(44.0%) with pharyngeal focal recidivism, and 3 cases(12.0%) with involvement of other non-lymphoid organs. Morphologically, tonsillar architectures were effaced at various degrees. Eighteen MCL cases showed classical type and 7 cases were blastoid variant. All tumors were positive for CD20 and cyclin D1. 92.0%(23/25) tumors showed weakly positive or positive expression for CD5. FISH test that IgH/CCND1 gene fusion was positive in two CD5 negative classical cases. 18 patients(72.0%) had a median follow-up time of 26 months(range: 6-81 months). The difference of survival rate between stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ and stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ patients was not statistically significant(P>0.05). Compared with NTMCL, TMCL was found to have higher proportion of stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ disease (χ2=12.789, P<0.01), lower the proportion of non-lymphatic organ involvement (χ2=8.125, P<0.01), and better prognosis (χ2=4.351, P=0.037).@*Conclusion@#The incidence of TMCL is low and prone to be misdiagnosed as tonsillitis. Patients with TMCL are more likely at stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ at presentation and the prognosis is better than that of NTMCL.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805876

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In order to explore the role of heparan sulfate (HS) during the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) , the protective effect of HS and its fragments against extracellular histones was compared.@*Methods@#Calf thymus histones (CTH) were injected via femoral vein to induce ARDS in rats. HS, HS fragments or saline was intraperitoneally injected (10mg/kg, Q6h, 24h) to test the protective effect against CTH. The ratio of wet/dry lung weight, protein content in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) , total leukocyte and neutrophil count in BALF were measured.@*Results@#After CTH injection, the ratio of wet/dry lung weight (5.7±0.95) was much higher than the saline control group (3.1±0.15). The protein content (0.47±0.086mg/ml) , total leukocyte[ (97.4±15.6l) ×104/ml] and neutrophil (18±3.4/LPF) in BALF were obviously increased compared with the saline control group. The intervention of HS evidently decreased ratio of wet/dry lung weight (4.2±0.41) , protein content[ (0.26±0.019) mg/ml], leukocyte[ (61.3±5.74) ×104/ml] and neutrophil (12±1.8/LPF) in BALF. HS fragments also decreased ratio of wet/dry lung weight, protein content, leukocyte and neutrophil count in BALF though the strength was much less than HS.@*Conclusion@#HS and its fragments could provide protection against extracellular histones during the pathogenesis of ARDS. For the protective effect full length HS was much better than HS fragments.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809485

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of baicalin on the changes in hemorheology and its mechanism during the development of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome(ARDS) induced by oleic acid (OA) in rats.@*Methods@#Rats were randomized into 3 groups: control, ARDS (OA induction, 0.12 mg/kg) and ba-icalin-treated group (300 mg/kg). The blood samples were collected at 30 min, 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 6 h after OA injection. The whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, Maximum erythrocyte deformability index (DImax) were detected. Meanwhile, blood gas analysis and Routine blood test were also performed.@*Results@#The level of arte-rial oxygen partial pressure and oxygenation index decreased (P<0.01 vs. control) and oxygenation index (178 mm Hg, 1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa) reached the diagnostic standard of ARDS at 2 h in ARDS group. In baicalin-treated group, the level of arterial oxygen partial pressure and oxygenation index increased versus the ARDS group. The platelet count (PLT) decreased in baicalin-treated and ARDS groups. Compared with the ARDS group, the level of PLT increased significantly in baicalin-treated group at 30min, 1, 2, and 3 h. Hematocrit (HCT) increased in baicalin-treated and ARDS groups. Compared with the ARDS group, the level of HCT de-creased significantly in baicalin-treated group at 2, 3, 6 and 12 h. Meanwhile, all the index of hemorheology improved in baicalin-treated group.@*Conclusion@#Baicalin may improve hypoxemia of ARDS induced by OA in rats. It may be due to the Improvement of microcirculation of lung.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808958

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the role of lysophosphatidic acid, vascular endothelial growth facor and endothelin in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis in coal workers’pneumoconiosis patients, the relationship of lysophosphatidic acid, VEGF and ET in serum was studied.@*Methods@#Sixty two pneumoconiosis patients were selected as cases group, which included 23 cases of stage Ⅰ, 25 cases of stageⅡand 14 cases of stageⅢ. Twenty workers were selected as dust exposure group who exposed to coal dust for more than 2 years and had not been diagnosed as pneumoconiosis. Ten healthy people who had no occupational dust exposure were simultaneously selected as the control group. The serum levels of LPA, VEGF and ET were measured by ELISA.@*Results@#The serum levels of VEGF and ET in coal dust exposed group and pneumoconiosis group were much higher than in the control group. The differences were statistically significant among the three groups (P<0.01) . The serum levels of LPA increased in the dust exposed group, stage Ⅰand stage Ⅱgroup. The serum levels of LPA correlated positively with the levels of VEGF and ET (P<0.05) .@*Conclusions@#The serum levels of LPA, VEGF and ET had evident correlation with the pulmonary fibrosis caused by coal dust, which indicate that LPA, VEGF and ET may play a pivotal role in the process of pulmonary fibrosis. The study will throw light on both pathogenesis and early intervention for pneumoconiosis.

16.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3346-3347,3350, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609266

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and investigate the diagnosis method and treatment measures of insulinoma.Methods The clinical data in 16 cases of insulinoma in the hepatobiliary surgery of our institute from Dec.2008 to Dec.2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Results All cases had typical Whipple′s triad,the biochemical examination suggested that all cases had plasma glucose decrease and plasma insulin increase during the onset period.The imaging examinations included preoperative ultrasonography,enhanced CT,MRI,EUS and intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS).Their diagnosis positive rates were 56.3% (9/16),77.8% (7/9),80.0% (8/10),100.0%(2/2) and 100.0%(5/5) respectively.Sixteen cases all received surgical treatment,including local tumor excision in 6 cases,simple distal pancreatectomy in 3 cases,distal pancreatectomy plus splenectomy in 5 cases and pancreaticoduodenectomy(PD) in 2 cases.Plasma glucose level in all cases was significantly increased after tumor removal.Postoperative follow-up lasted for 1-5 years without recurrence and metastasis.Conclusion The first choice of insulinoma localization diagnosis is CT and MRI,intraoperative palpation combined with IOUS is the main method of intraoperative localization,and the surgical resection is the only effective method for treating this disease.

17.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 268-273,277, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the Wnt-β-catenin signal molecule expression level in acute kidney injury rats renal tissue. Methods:A total of 48 rats accorded to the random number table method were divided into normal control group ( Control group) ,sham operation group ( Sham group) and ischemia reperfusion group ( IRI group) ,each group with 16 rats,Control group was given normal fed,IRI group were established ischemia reperfusion injury rats model,Sham group opened dorsal skin and then wound was closed. 4 rats were sacrificed respectively at 1,3,5,7 d after surgery,the pathological changes of kidney tissue were observed in the three groups,and the serum creatinine,urea level was detected in the three groups. Wnt4,β-catenin,Lrp6 protein expression was detected in three groups of rats by Western blot,Wnt4,β-catenin,Lrp6 mRNA in renal tissues were detected by Real-time quantitative RT-PCR. Results:There was no significant difference in renal injury score and serum creatinine between Control group and Sham group (P>0. 05),IRI group kidney injury score and serum creatinine,urea first increased and then gradually decreased,which was the highest in 3 d after surgery,IRI group renal injury score and serum creatinine,urea were significantly higher than those in Control group and Sham group 1,3,5,7 d after surgery (P0. 05),IRI group Wnt4,β-catenin,Lrp6 protein gradually increased,which reached to peak at 5 d after surgery,and then gradually decreased,IRI group Wnt4,β-catenin,Lrp6 protein were significantly higher than those in Control group and Sham group 1,3,5,7 d after surgery(P0. 05),IRI group Wnt4,β-catenin,Lrp6 mRNA gradually increased,which reached to peak at 3 d after surgery,and then gradually decreased,IRI group Wnt4,β-catenin,Lrp6 mRNA were significantly higher than those in Control group and Sham group 1,3,5,7 d after surgery (P<0. 05). Conclusion: The expression of Wnt-β-catenin signal molecule are significantly increase in acute kidney injury,and the activation of Wnt-β-catenin signal pathway is involved in the repair process of renal tissue.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512062

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the reasons for disharmony between medical staff and medical staff because of electronic clinical ordering,to specificate electronic medical order in ward in order to create a harmonious relationship between doctors and nurses. Methods The methods of qualitative research conducted in-depth interviews of 12 medical staff, field recordings and transcripts, and the method of content analysis were used. Results Two themes were sublimated:medical staff reasons:lack of communication between the medical staff;new doctors didn't have a good command of medical norms of specialist electronic orders; on the responsibility of checking the doctor's advice problems may lead to potential adverse events occurrence. System equipment reason: the electronic doctor's advice system set up the problem; the office computer quantity is insufficient. Conclusions Nonstandard electronic medical management leads to the disharmony of health care. It is suggested to standardize the management of electronic medical advice by implementation of the responsibility to avoid medical coupling errors. The health care workers need to strengthen communication, mutual understanding and forgiveness, in order to create a harmonious medical environment.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508412

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the macular morphology and circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFL) in Parkinson's disease (PD) evaluated by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods A total of 37 patients (74 eyes) with PD were in the PD group, 32 age-and sex-matched healthy subjects (64 eyes) in the control group. All subjects underwent SD-OCT examination with 5 line scanning, macular cube 512×128 scanning and optic disc volume 200×200 scanning. The retinal thickness, central foveal thickness (CFT), macular volume and thickness of circumpapillary, superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal of RNFL between two groups were comparatively analyzed. The relationship between SD-OCT parameters and age, disease duration, scores of Hoehn-Yahr and unified PD rating scale (UPDRS) in PD patients was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. Results Both of the retinal thickness and macular volume in PD group were significantly reduced than those in control group (t=?2.546,?3.410;P=0.012, 0.001). There was no difference of CFT (t=?0.463, P=0.644) and the thickness of circumpapillary (t=?1.645, P=0.102), superior (t=?0.775, P=0.439), inferior (t=?1.844, P=0.067), nasal (t=?0.344, P=0.732) and temporal (t=?0.541, P=0.590) of RNFL between two groups. The retinal thickness, macular volume, CFT and the thickness of circumpapillary, superior, inferior, nasal, temporal of RNFL had no relationship with age, disease duration and scores of Hoehn-Yahr and UPDRS in PD patients (P>0.05). Conclusions In PD patients, the retinal thickness and macular volume are decreased, however, the circumpapillary RNFL have no obvious alterations.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1936-1938, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778427

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the high-risk factors for acute liver failure after radical surgery combined with hemihepatectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 126 patients who were admitted to Chongqing Cancer Institute and underwent radical surgery combined with hemihepatectomy for HC from January 2000 to December 2014, including sex, age, preoperative serum levels of total bilirubin (TBil) and albumin (Alb), preservation of hepatic artery blood supply or not, application of nonselective hepatic vascular occlusion or not, intraoperative blood loss volume, and time of operation. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine independent risk factors for acute liver failure after surgery. ResultsA total of 17 patients (13.49%) experienced acute liver failure, and 11 patients(873%) died. A preoperative serum TBil level of >200 μmol/L(OR=178,95%CI:105-304,P=0029), an intraoperative blood loss volume of >800 ml(OR=264,95%CI:133-395,P=0003), no preservation of hepatic artery blood supply(OR=357,95%CI:221-509,P=0002), and application of nonselective hepatic vascular occlusion(OR=136,95%CI:079-178,P=0037) were independent risk factors for acute liver failure after surgery. ConclusionPreoperative biliary drainage, a reduced intraoperative blood loss volume, preservation of hepatic artery blood supply, and avoiding nonselective hepatic vascular occlusion have great significance in reducing acute liver failure after radical surgery combined with hemihepatectomy for HC.

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