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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916996

ABSTRACT

Background@#Domestic yaks are the most important livestock species on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Adult female yaks normally breed in the warm season (July to September) and enter anestrous in the cold season (November to April). Nevertheless, it is unclear how ovarian activity is regulated at the molecular level. @*Objectives@#The peculiarities of yak reproduction were assessed to explore the molecular mechanism of postpartum anestrus ovaries in yaks after pregnancy and parturition. @*Methods@#Sixty female yaks with calves were observed under natural grazing in Haiyan County, Qinghai Province. Three yak ovaries in pregnancy and postpartum anestrus were collected. RNA sequencing and quantitative proteomics were employed to analyze the pregnancy and postpartum ovaries after hypothermia to identify the genes and proteins related to the postpartum ovarian cycle. @*Results@#The results revealed 841 differentially expressed genes during the postpartum hypoestrus cycle; 347 were up-regulated and 494 genes were down-regulated. Fifty-seven differential proteins were screened: 38 were up-regulated and 19 were down-regulated. The differential genes and proteins were related to the yak reproduction process, rhythm process, progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and MAPK signaling pathway categories. @*Conclusions@#Transcriptome and proteomic sequencing approaches were used to investigate postpartum anestrus and pregnancy ovaries in yaks. The results confirmed that BHLHE40, SF1IX1, FBPX1, HSPCA, LHCGR, BMP15, and ET-1R could affect postpartum hypoestrus and control the state of estrus.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 967-972, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of coronary artery disease in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).Methods:The clinical data of elderly patients with AMI who underwent coronary angiography in the department of cardiology of Cangzhou Central Hospital from July 2015 to March 2020 were analyzed, including age, gender, smoking history, underlying diseases, family history, blood pressure, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and several biochemical indicators at admission, such as total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), lipoprotein [Lp(a)], apolipoproteins (ApoA, ApoB), ApoA/B ratio, total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), indirect bilirubin (IBil), fasting blood glucose (FBG) and uric acid (UA). Patients were divided into model group (2 484 cases) and validation group (683 cases) according to the ratio of 8∶2. According to Gensini score, the model group and validation group were divided into mild lesion group (0-20 points) and severe lesion group (≥81 points). The differences of each index between different coronary lesion degree groups were compared. Lasso regression and Logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors of aggravating coronary lesion risk in elderly patients with AMI, and then the nomogram prediction model was established for evaluation and external validation.Results:① In the model group, there were significant differences in the family history of coronary heart disease, FBG and HDL-C between the mild lesion group (411 cases) and the severe lesion group (417 cases) [family history of coronary heart disease: 3.6% vs. 7.7%, FBG (mmol/L): 5.88±1.74 vs. 6.43±2.06, HDL-C (mmol/L): 1.48±0.69 vs. 1.28±0.28, all P < 0.05]. In the validation group, there were significant differences between the mild lesion group (153 cases) and the severe lesion group [132 cases; FBG (mmol/L): 5.58±0.88 vs. 6.85±0.79, HDL-C (mmol/L): 1.59±0.32 vs. 1.16±0.21, both P < 0.05]. ② Lasso regression analysis showed that family history of coronary heart disease, FBG, and HDL-C were risk factors of coronary artery disease in elderly patients with AMI, with coefficients 0.118, 0.767, and -0.558, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that FBG [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.479, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.051-2.082, P = 0.025] and HDL-C ( OR = 0.386, 95% CI was 0.270-0.553, P < 0.001] were independent risk factors of coronary artery disease in elderly patients with AMI. ③ According to the rank score of FBG and HDL-C, the nomogram prediction risk model of aggravating coronary artery disease degree was established for each patient. It was concluded that the risk of coronary artery disease in elderly people with higher FBG level and (or) lower HDL-C level was significantly increased. ④ The nomogram model constructed with the model group data predicted the risk concordance index (C-index) was 0.689, and the C-index of the external validation group was 0.709. Conclusions:FBG and HDL-C are independent risk factors for aggravating coronary artery disease in elderly patients with AMI. The nomogram model of aggravating coronary artery disease in elderly patients with AMI has good predictive ability, which can provide more intuitive research methods and clinical value for preventing the aggravation of coronary artery disease in elderly patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 268-272, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883707

ABSTRACT

Objective:Through determination of urinary arsenic metabolites in high water arsenic exposed areas of Jilin and Shanxi provinces, to explore the mode and possible influencing factors of arsenic metabolism in different populations.Methods:From October 2018 to August 2019, a cluster sampling was carried out in villages (arsenic in drinking water ≥0.05 mg/L) of some townships (towns) in Lyuliang City, Shanxi Province and Baicheng City, Jilin Province for epidemiological investigation and general health examination. The residents over 35 years old drinking water from local centralized water supply and small well water sources were selected as arsenic exposure group, and people (nearby low-arsenic water source areas) with the same diet and living habits and similar economic conditions were selected as control group. Urine samples were collected. Liquid chromatography-atomic fluorescence spectrometry(LC-AFS) technology was used to separate and detect 4 species of arsenic compounds, including trivalent inorganic arsenic (iAs Ⅲ), pentavalent inorganic arsenic (iAs Ⅴ), methylated arsine (MMA), and dimethylated arsine (DMA). Total arsenic (tAs), inorganic arsenic percentage (iAs%), MMA percentage (MMA%), DMA percentage (DMA%), primary methylation index (PMI) and the secondary methylation index (SMI) were calculated. The influencing factors of arsenic metabolism were analyzed by multiple linear regression. Results:A total of 1 415 villagers were investigated, including 1 256 in arsenic exposure group and 159 in control group. Compared with the control group, there were no significant differences in age, gender ratio and occupation distribution between arsenic exposure group and control group ( P > 0.05), but there were significant differences in smoking, drinking, body mass index (BMI) and education level distribution ( P < 0.05). The median of urinary tAs, iAs%, MMA%, DMA%, PMI and SMI in control group and arsenic exposure group were 12.86 μg/L, 15.03, 5.23, 76.35, 84.97, 93.68 and 69.68 μg/L, 10.24, 8.37, 79.31, 89.76, 90.65, respectively, the levels of urinary tAs, DMA% and PMI in arsenic exposed group were higher than those in control group, while iAs% and SMI were lower than those in control group, the differences were statistically significant ( U=- 13.87, - 4.30, - 6.64, - 6.64, - 1.99, P < 0.05). After analysis of the factors influencing urinary arsenic metabolism in the population, we found that age and BMI had an impact on iAs% ( β=- 0.08, - 0.08, P < 0.05); gender, drinking, BMI and education level were influencing factors of MMA% ( β =- 0.11, - 0.09, - 0.07, 0.08, P < 0.05); DMA% was mainly affected by age, gender, BMI and education level ( β = 0.06, 0.09, 0.10, - 0.09, P < 0.05); PMI was mainly affected by age and BMI ( β = 0.08, 0.08, P < 0.05); while SMI was affected by gender, drinking, BMI and education level ( β=0.09, 0.08, 0.08, - 0.09, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The urinary arsenic metabolism models of different arsenic exposed groups are different. Age, gender, smoking, drinking, BMI and education level may be influencing factors of different arsenic metabolism models.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 692-696, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study and establish a high-throughput and rapid detection method for fluorine ion content in water based on 96-well plate and microplate reader, and to evaluate its performance.Methods:According to the principle of blue ternary complex formed by reaction of fluorine ion with fluorine reagent and lanthanum nitrate, the absorbance of the complex at the wavelength of 650 nm was proportional to the concentration of fluoride ion, and the content of fluoride ion in water samples was quantitatively determined by microplate reader. The accuracy, precision and detection limit of the method were evaluated by the standard recovery rate method and the reference material method.Results:The linear correlation coefficient of the standard curve of this method was > 0.999; the standard recovery rates of different concentrations were 99.00% - 103.33% in the accuracy experiment of this method, and the average recovery rate was 101.08%. In the standard material method, the measured values are all within the calibration range of the standard solution. The relative standard deviation of water samples with different concentrations was ≤10% in the precision experiment and the detection limit was 0.06 mg/L.Conclusion:The method has good accuracy and precision, low detection limit and small sample consumption, and this method can greatly improve the detection efficiency.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 313-317, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866121

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of single nucleotide polymorphism at the estrogen receptor 1(ESR1) gene rs1801132 with the risk of brick-tea type skeletal fluorosis.Methods:The typical brick-tea type fluorosis areas in Qinghai, Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia were selected as the survey sites for a cross-sectional study. An epidemiological questionnaire was conducted by the staffs on the sites for participants older than 16 years, and physical examination and X-ray diagnosis were performed. Brick tea, blood, and urine samples were collected at the same time. The diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis through X-ray was based on the "Diagnostic Criteria for Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis" (WS/T 192-2008); The determination of tea's fluoride and urinary fluoride was performed by fluoride ion-selective electrode method; gene sequencing analysis of rs1801132 locus of ESR1 gene was done by Sequenom MassARRAY flight mass spectrometry system.Results:A total of 994 patients were included in this study. The total prevalence of skeletal fluorosis was 23.9% (238/994). The prevalence of skeletal fluorosis in Tibetans(39.9%, 123/308) was higher than those of Mongolian and Han nationality [22.2% (58/261), 13.4% (57/425), χ 2=20.435, 67.811, P < 0.05]. Based on binary logistic analysis, the daily tea fluoride intake ≤ 3.5 mg, urinary fluoride content ≤1.6 mg/L, and age ≤45 years were used as the reference groups, and then, when the daily tea fluoride intake > 7.0 mg ( OR=2.865, 95% CI: 1.923-4.268), urinary fluoride content > 1.6-3.2 mg/L ( OR=2.368, 95% CI: 1.686-3.326) and > 3.2 mg/L ( OR=3.559, 95% CI: 2.401-5.276), the age > 45-65 years old ( OR=2.361, 95% CI: 1.603-3.477) and > 65 years old ( OR=4.556, 95% CI: 2.845-7.296), the risk of fluorosis was higher than that of the reference group, respectively. When the daily tea fluoride intake was > 3.5-7.0 mg and the level of urinary fluoride was > 1.6-3.2 mg/L, G allele had a protective effect on skeletal fluorosis in Mongolian population (adjusted OR=0.207, 95% CI: 0.044-0.974); when the daily tea fluoride intake was > 3.5-7.0 mg, gender was male group, G allele had a protective effect on skeletal fluorosis in Han population (adjusted OR=0.315, 95% CI: 0.112-0.887). Conclusion:The single nucleotide polymorphism of the rs1801132 locus at the ESR1 gene may be associated with the risk of susceptibility to brick-tea type skeletal fluorosis in Mongolian and Han nationality.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 453-457, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753523

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on oxidative stress and apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) and the protective effect of folic acid (FA).Methods SH-SY5Y cells were cultured in vitro,and were divided into six groups:control group,low arsenic group (2.5 μmol/L As2O3),medium arsenic group (5.0 μmol/L As2O3),high arsenic group (10.0 μmol/L As2O3),FA intervention group (10.0 μmol/L As2O3,0.3 mmol/L FA),and FA control group (0.3 mmol/L FA).Each group of cells was cultured for 24 h or 5 h.Cell chromatin agglutination was observed by fluorescence staining.The ultrastructure of cells was observed by transmission electron microscope.The changes of oxidative stress related indicators of glutathione (GSH),malondialdehyde (MDA),superoxide dismutase (SOD),and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected;caspase 3 activity was also detected.Results Under fluorescence microscope,as the dose of arsenic increased,the nucleus became increasingly highlighted and a small number of cells in the medium and high arsenic groups showed chromatin agglutination,and FA intervention reduced chromatin agglutination.Under transmission electron microscope,the mitochondria of low and medium arsenic groups were slightly swollen and the endoplasmic reticulum was expanded;while the mitochondria of high arsenic group were significantly swollen and the nuclear membrane was ruptured,and the apoptotic bodies were observed.Mitochondria were slightly swollen after FA intervention.There were statistically significant differences in GSH content,SOD activity,ROS level and caspase 3 activity between groups (F =14.905,6.120,12.714,36.657,P < 0.05).GSH content and SOD activity in high arsenic group [0.104 ± 0.074,(12.673 ± 5.106) U/mg prot] were lower than those in control group [1.000 ± 0.000,(34.699 ±3.998) U/mg prot,P < 0.05].GSH content in FA intervention group (0.411 ± 0.344) was higher than that in high arsenic group (P < 0.05).The ROS level and caspase 3 activity in high arsenic group were higher than those in control group (P < 0.05),and the ROS level and caspase 3 activity in FA intervention group were lower than those in high arsenic group (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in MDA content between groups (F =8.207,P < 0.05).Conclusions Arsenic exposure can inhibit the activity of antioxidants,cause oxidative stress injury,and increase the activity of caspase 3,leading to cell apoptosis.FA plays an antagonistic role in arsenicinduced oxidative damage and apoptosis of nerve cells.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify pathogenic mutation for a family with neurofibromatosis type 1(NF1) and provide prenatal diagnosis for them.@*METHODS@#Mutation analysis of the sporadic family with NF1 was performed with target captured next generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing. RNA samples were extracted from the lymphocytes of NF1 patient and her parents. RT-PCR and Sanger sequencing were performed to analyze the relative mRNA expression in the samples. Prenatal diagnosis of the pathogenic mutation was offered to the fetus.@*RESULTS@#A novel splicing mutation c.1260+4A>T in the gene was found in the proband of the family, but was not found in her parents.cDNA sequencing showed that 13 bases inserted into the 3' end of exon 11 in the gene lead to a frameshift mutation. Prenatal diagnosis suggested that the fetus did not carried the mutant.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The : c.1260+4A>T mutation found in the NF1 patient is considered to be pathogenic, which provides information for family genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
DNA Mutational Analysis , Female , Frameshift Mutation , Genetic Testing , Humans , Male , Neurofibromatosis 1 , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To diagnose a fetus with Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) using various techniques.@*METHODS@#Single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP Array), multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were applied in conjunction for the prenatal diagnosis of the fetus.@*RESULTS@#SNP Array detected a 4.03 Mb microdeletion at 22q13.31q13.33 in the fetus, which was confirmed by FISH and MLPA. FISH analysis of the parents suggested that the 22q13.31q13.33 deletion has a de novo origin.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined use of various techniques can enable accurate prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Diagnosis , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Female , Fetus , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 780-784, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701427

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of arsenic exposure to drinking water on thelevel of histone 3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3) and histone 3 lysine 79 trimethylation (H3K79me3) in peripheral blood leukocytes of human,and to analyze the relationship between arsenic exposure and H3K4me3,H3K79me3 modification levels.Methods A cluster sampling survey was carried out in typical endemic arsenicosis areas of Shanxi and Jilin provinces.Two hundred eighty-one local residents with a drinking water age of ≥ 10 years were selected as the survey subjects.According to the arsenic content of drinking water,the tested population was divided into control group (water arsenic content ≤0.01 mg/L,60 cases),low water arsenic exposure group (> 0.01-0.05 mg/L,61 cases),medium water arsenic exposure group (> 0.05-0.10 mg/L,50 cases),and 110 cases of high water arsenic exposure group (> 0.10 mg/L).Drinking water samples,immediate urine samples and peripheral blood samples were collected from the subjects.Arsenic content in drinking water and urinary arsenic content were determined via the atomic fluorescence method;histone H3K4me3 and H3K79me3 in peripheral blood leukocytes were determined by dot blot hybridization (Dot Blotting).Results There were no statistically significant differences in age (61.50,60.00,59.50,59.50 years old),different gender (male:20,27,17,40 cases,female:40,34,33,70 cases),body mass index (BMI),smoking and drinking status between the control group,low,medium and high water arsenic exposure groups.Water arsenic content in the control group,low,medium and high water arsenic exposure groups (median:0.005,0.024,0.076,0.150 mg/L),urinary arsenic content (0.011,0.018,0.061,0.134 mg/L),and water arsenic cumulative exposure levels (0.342,1.641,5.273,7.716 mg) were compared between groups,the differences were statistically significant (H =256.041,88.615,218.610,P < 0.01).In the control group,low,medium and high water arsenic exposure groups,the modification levels of H3K4me3 (0.100,0.059,0.083,0.083)and H3K79me3 (0.049,0.036,0.055,0.052) in peripheral blood leukocytes were not significantly different (H =1.488,2.097,P > 0.05).The levels of H3K4me3 and H3K79me3 in peripheral blood leukocytes were positively correlated with water arsenic content,urinary arsenic content,water arsenic cumulative exposure levels (r =0.245,0.221;0.299,0.318;0.149,0.149;P < 0.01 or < 0.05);there was a positive correlation between H3K4me3 and H3K79me3 modification levels (r =0.811,P < 0.01).Conclusion There is a positive correlation between arsenic exposure through drinking water and the levels of H3K4me3 and H3K79me3 in the peripheral blood leukocytes of the population,but it is necessary to expand the sample size for further study.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 370-374, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701335

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the urinary arsenic safety guideline value of a population for evaluating the arsenic exposure level in a certain population and providing evidence for the implementation of prevention and control measures in endemic arsenicosis area.Methods According to the data from the national high-arsenic drinking water sources screening in endemic arsenicosis area of drinking water type and quality supervision and inspection for water-improving project to decrease arsenic from 2005 to 2014,census data on arsenic poisoning in endemic arsenicosis area,data on surveillance of endemic arsenicosis,10 722 people with detailed personal information,complete water arsenic exposure data and accurate urinary arsenic detection data were selected to be the research objects.The relationship between urinary arsenic and water arsenic was analyzed based on the surveillance data of 4 501 people from 2013 to 2014.The safety guidance value of urinary arsenic was determined based on the geometric mean value of urinary arsenic in people exposed to water arsenic in the range of (0.050 ± 0.005) mg/L,and verified using the data of 6 221 people from 2005 to 2012.Every time,a random sample of 2 000 people was taken as the verification sample,the sensitivity and specificity of the index for determining whether water arsenic exposure exceeded the standard were determined by area under the ROC curve (AUC),and a total of 10 sample tests was performed.Results When the water arsenic concentration was less than 0.01 mg/L,the correlation coefficient of water arsenic concentration with urinary arsenic concentration was 0.097 (P < 0.01);when the water arsenic concentration was more than 0.01 mg/L and less than 0.05 mg/L,the correlation coefficient of arsenic concentration with water arsenic concentration was 0.456 (P < 0.01);when the water arsenic concentration was more than 0.05 mg/L,the correlation coefficient of water arsenic concentration with urinary arsenic concentration was 0.630 (P < 0.01).With increase of water arsenic concentration,the concentration of urinary arsenic increased significantly,and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =2 337.956,P < 0.01).When water arsenic concentration was in the range of (0.050 ± 0.005) mg/L,the urinary arsenic geometric mean was 0.032 mg/L.AUC analysis of 10 random samples of 2 000 people showed that the geometric mean of urinary arsenic was 0.032 mg/L in the population,which can accurately distinguish whether the water arsenic level exceeded 0.05 mg/L,and the AUC value was higher than 0.94.And the sensitivity and specificity were achieved 0.898 and 0.844.Conclusions The geometric mean of urinary arsenic is 0.032 mg/L,which can be used as a safety guideline value for urinary arsenic in the population.When the geometric mean of urinary arsenic exceeds this value,the population may be exposed to high arsenic.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 259-264, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701311

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of fluoride on fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) in bone tissue of mice,and to explore the role of FGF23 in fluoride-induced bone injury.Methods Sixty-four Balb/c mice,half male and female,were divided into 4 groups based on body weight via the random number table method and 16 mice were in each group.The mice in control group,low fluoride group,middle fluoride group and high fluoride group were treated with 0,25,50,and 100 mg/L F-distilled water,respectively.After three months,the mice were put to death and the prevalence of dental fluorosis was calculated.The fluoride contents in spine were detected via the fluoride-ion selective electrode method,serum content of calcium and phosphorus were detected by micro enzyme labeled method.The levels of FGF23,parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D3 [1,25 (OH)2D3] in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The FGF23 protein expression levels in bone tissue were determined by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting.Results The rates of dental fluorosis in low,medium and high fluoride groups were 75% (4/16),100% (16/16) and 100% (16/16),respectively.Compared with control group [0 (0/16)] the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).The levels of fluoride in the fluoride group [low,medium,high fluoride groups:(1 730.86 ± 165.90),(2 400.58 ± 286.65),(3 980.88 ± 511.65) mg/kg] were higher than that of control group [(854.30 ± 89.05) mg/kg,P < 0.05].There was no difference in serum calcium content among groups (F =0.05,P > 0.05).The contents of phosphorus in the serum of the medium and the high fluoride groups [(2.46 ± 0.32),(2.48 ± 0.73) mmol/L] were lower than those in the control and the low fluoride groups [(2.89 ± 0.45),(3.25 ± 0.69) mmol/L,P < 0.05].The serum PTH and 1,25 (OH)2D3 content increased first and then decreased.The expression of FGF23 in middle and high fluoride groups [(660.84 ± 64.18),(638.74 ± 121.23) ng/L] was up-regulated compared with that of control group [(613.53 ± 98.18) ng/L].The expression of FGF23 protein in cortical bone increased gradually with the dose of fluoride.Western blotting results showed that the content of FGF23 protein in the bone tissue of mice was significantly increased in the low fluoride group (1.58 ± 0.46) and the middle fluoride group (1.40 ± 0.41) compared with that of control group (1.00 ± 0.41),the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusions The phosphorus,FGF23,PTH,and 1,25 (OH)2D3 levels in the serum and FGF23 protein levels in the bone tissue of fluorosis mice have changed.It may be suggested that FGF23 interacts with PTH and 1,25 (OH)2D3 to influence the level of calcium and phosphorus metabolism in the body and participate in the formation of skeletal fluorosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 107-111, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701277

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) gene Rs1801282 and brick-tea type fluorosis. Methods From 2012 to 2013, this cross-sectional study was performed in 16 endemic fluorosis areas of brick-tea type in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,Qinghai and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China,to select adults>18 years old as subjects, who were diagnosed as skeletal fluorosis by X-ray. All of the subjects filled in demography survey questionnaire; the survey contents included general characteristic s, and average daily brick tea intake. Drinking tea samples and urine samples of each subject were collected, and fluoride content of urine and brick-tea was determined via the ion selective electrode method (WS/T 89-2006). X-ray scintigraphy was used to diagnose skeletal fluorosis, according to the "Diagnostic Criteria of Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis" (WS/T 192-2007); the subjects were divided into skeletal fluorosis group (case group) and non-skeletal fluorosis group (control group). To collect venous blood 5 ml, whole blood DNA was extracted, and polymorphism at Rs1801282 of PPARγ was detected by MassARRAY time-of-flight mass spectrometry, to calculate odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results There were 1 414 people included in this study,including 347 in case group and 1 067 in control group. By the Hardy-Weinberg balance test, the PPARγ gene Rs1801282 genotype was representative in case group, control group and each nationality (P > 0.05). The difference of PPARγ gene Rs1801282 genotype in case group and control group was not statistically significant (OR was 0.991, 95%CI: 0.704 - 1.395, the adjusted OR was 1.026, 95%CI: 0.707-1.489).The difference of PPARγ gene Rs1801282 genotype(CC,CG+GG)in case group and control group in different nationality was not statistically significant (Tibetan: OR was 1.400, 95%CI: 0.576 - 3.404, the adjusted OR was 1.258, 95%CI: 0.474 - 3.340; Kazak: OR was 0.898, 95%CI:0.516 -1.562,the adjusted OR was 0.936,95%CI:0.532 -1.648;Mongolia: OR was 1.148,95%CI:0.508-2.594, the adjusted OR was 1.644, 95%CI: 0.683 - 3.956; Han: OR was 1.058, 95%CI: 0.451 - 2.482, the adjusted OR was 0.959, 95%CI: 0.388 - 2.371; Russian: OR was 0.000, 95%CI: 0.000 - 0.000, the adjusted OR was 0.000, 95% CI: 0.000 - 0.000) with binary Logistic regression analysis. Conclusion We have found no association between SNP of PPARγ gene Rs1801282 and skeletal fluorosis of brick-tea type fluorosis in China.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701273

ABSTRACT

The mechanisms by which arsenic induces tumorigenesis have not been fully elucidated. Genetics is involved in the carcinogenesis induced by arsenic. As an important epigenetic mechanism, histone modifications play a critical role in the carcinogenesis and development of tumor. However, there is still less research on the role of histone modifications during the carcinogenesis of arsenic. So, further studies on the possible role of histone modifications in arsenic carcinogenesis not only enrich the epigenetic targets of arsenic,but also have important implications for the elucidation of the mechanism of arsenic carcinogenesis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701261

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of fluoride exposure on bone growth in zebrafish.Methods The zebrafish larvaes at 3 days post fertilization (3 dpf) were exposed to the conventional fish water and 25,50,100 mg/L of NaF for 5 days until the skeletal bone was formed (8 dpf) and the temperature was kept at 28 ℃.The fluoride content of zebrafish embryos was detected by F-ion selective electrode.The fluoride exposure model was re-established as the control group (0.0 mg/L),the low doses group (0.5,1.0,4.0 mg/L) and the high doses group (50.0,100.0 mg/L).The survival rates of the zebrafish embryos were calculated and the morphology of zebrafish embryos was observed under 40 times microscope.The zebrafish skeleton was stained with alizarin red.The staining areas and the integrated optical density (IOD) of the bone staining were quantitatively analyzed by digital microscope to analyze the sclerotic and osteoporosis of the skull.Results The fluoride contents of the control group and 25,50,100 mg/L NaF groups were (0.32 ± 0.01),(0.63 ± 0.01),(0.86 ± 0.02) and (1.21 ± 0.01) μg/150 embryos.Compared with the control group,the fluoride contents of zebrafish embryos in fluoride exposed groups were increased (P < 0.05),and the dose-response relationship was obvious.The survival rates of zebrafish embryos in control group and fluoride exposed groups were 96.67%,96.67%,96.67%,98.33%,98.33% and 98.33%.There was no significant difference among different groups (x2 =7.309,P > 0.05);under a 40 times microscope,there were no obvious deformities of the spin in different groups;the areas of the alizarin red staining of the skull were 84 380.51 ± 11 711.41 in the control group,92 592.16 ± 7 143.81,92 164.85 ± 10 136.18 and 95 112.26 ± 13 721.91 in the low doses exposure groups (0.5,1.0,4.0 mg/L NaF),67 778.92 ± 8 597.11 and 64 272.93 ± 9 302.57 in the high doses groups (50.0,100.0 mg/L NaF).The areas of the alizarin red staining of the skull in the low doses exposure groups were significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05),while the high doses exposure groups were lower (P < 0.05);the IOD of the alizarin red staining of the skull was 25 094.13 ± 6 571.86 in the control group,29 754.95 ± 3 836.45,28 747.36 ± 4 677.86 and 30 776.49 ± 5 589.63 in the low doses exposure groups (0.5,1.0,4.0 mg/L NaF),19 263.10 ± 4 754.72 and 18 202.58 ± 4 897.15 in the high doses groups (50.0,100.0 mg/L NaF).The IOD of the alizarin red staining of the skull in the low doses exposure groups was significandy higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05),while the high doses exposure groups was lower (P < 0.05).Conclusion Low doses of fluoride exposure may cause bone sclerosis in zebrafish embryos,while the high dose of fluoride exposure may cause osteoporosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1343-1346, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745605

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in the synaptic plasticity of entorhinal area-hippocampal formation in rats with inflammatory pain.Methods Twenty-four healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 180-240 g,were divided into 4 groups (n =6 each) by using a random number table method:control group (group C),inflammatory pain group (group IP),dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) group and mTOR inhibitor rapamycin group (group R).Inflammatory pain model was established by subcutaneous injection of 50 μl bee venom into the plantar surface of the left hindpaw.The equal volume of normal saline was subcutaneously injected into the plantar surface of the left hindpaw in group C.In group DMSO,2% DMSO was administered by intragastric gavage for 3 days,1 ml per day,and the inflammatory pain model was established at 1 h after administration on 3rd day.In group R,rapamycin was administered by intragastric gavage for 3 days,1 ml per day,and the inflammatory pain model was established at 1 h after administration on 3rd day.Mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured at 2 h after establishing the model.The rats were sacrificed after measurement of the pain threshold,and hippocampi were removed to prepare hippocampal slices.Hippocampal CA1 region and dentate gyrus (DG region) were located with an inverted microscope.Planar microelectrode array technique was used to record the number of channels and the standardized amplitude of evoked effective field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) (fEPSPs amplitude>20% of the baseline value) at different stimulus intensities.Results Compared with group C,MWT was significantly decreased,TWL was shortened,the number of effective fEPSP channels at different stimulus intensities was increased,and the amplitude of standardized fEPSPs in hippocampal DG and CA1 regions was increased in group IP (P<0.05 or 0.01),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group R (P>0.05).Compared with group IP,MWT was significantly increased,TWL was prolonged,the number of effective fEPSP channels at different stimulus intensities was decreased,and the amplitude of standardized fEPSPs in hippocampal DG and CA1 regions was decreased in group R (P<0.05 or 0.01),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group DMSO (P>0.05).Conclusion mTOR is involved in the changes in the synaptic plasticity of entorhinal areahippocampal formation in rats with inflammatory pain.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807859

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Objective@#To understand the status of constipation, anxiety and depression among patients with placenta previa and to explore the relationship between them, in order to identify early predictor of constipation.@*Methods@#Zung′s Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Zung′s Self-Rating Depressive Scale (SDS) were applied among 92 patients with placenta previa. Finally, 83 valid questionnaires were recovered.@*Results@#The incidence of anxiety and depression were 50.6%(42/83) and 33.73%(28/83) respectively within 48 hours of hospitalization and the incidence of constipation was 71.08%(59/83) within three days in hospital. The incidence of constipation in emotional disorder group were greater than that in non-emotional disorder group (χ2=11.97, 6.81, P < 0.01). The degree of anxiety and depression were positively correlated with the occurrence of constipation (r=0.48, 0.35, P < 0.01 or 0.05). The correlation of anxiety and constipation was higher.@*Conclusions@#The heavier degree of negative emotions, the higher occurrence of constipation in patients with placenta previa during hospitalization. Anxiety can be used as an early predictor of constipation.

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Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 579-583, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612958

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Objective For Genistein has been reported to inhibit many tumors ,we investigate the role of autophagy in the proliferation inhibition to Hela cells by Genistein and the machanism of autophagy plays in this process.Methods Human cervical cancer Hela cells were divided into control group,Genistein group and 3-MA+Genistein group,the control group were cultured in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum(FBS),Genistein group were cultured in various concentrations Genistein(25,50,100μmol/L),3-MA+Genistein group were treated with 5mmol/L 3-MA for 1h before cultured in 100μmol/L Genistein.The proliferation inhibitory rate of Hela cells was detected by MTT method.The ultrastructure changes of Hela cells was observed under transmission electronic microscope(TEM).The levels of autophagy-associated protein P62 and Beclin-1 were detected by Western blotting analysis.The expressions of autophagy-associated proteins LC3A/B in Hela cells were determined by fluorescent staining to analyse the autophagy induced by Genistein in Hela cells.Results Compared with control group ,the proliferation inhibitory rate of Hela cells was 20.9%±1.3%,33.5%±1.6% and 46.5%±3.2% when cultured in 25,50,100μmol/L Genistein(P<0.01).After treated with various concentrations Genistein for 48h, we observed a dose-dependent increase in the expression of Beclin-1 and decrease of P62.Confocal laser scanning microscopy confirmed the fluorescent density of LC3A/B expression in Hela cells treated with 100μmol/L Genistein increased significantly as compared with control group.TEM showed there are many vacuoles and double-membrane autophagosomes which involved cytoplasmic components in Hela cells treated with 100μmol/L Genistein.The proliferation inhibitory rate of Hela cells of Genistein group is decreased as compared with those in 3-MA+Genistein group[(46.5±3.2)% vs (58.2±2.2)%,P<0.01].Conclusion Genistein could inhibit Hela cells proliferation and induce autophagy.

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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 408-413, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620048

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Objective To explore the effects of different doses of sodium fluoride (NaF) on cartilage lesion and expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum and cartilage tissue of Balb/c mice.Methods Sixty-four 5-week-old male Balb/c mice were divided into 4 groups based on body weight via the random number table method and 16 mice were in each group.The mice in control group were fed with distilled water,and experimental animals in low,middle and high fluoride groups were fed with distilled water containing NaF 25,50 and 100 mg/L,respectively.The mice were weighed once a week and fed for three months to establish the drinking water fluorosis model.The fluoride contents in spine were detected via the fluorin-ion selective electrode method.The pathological changes in articular cartilage and epiphyseal plate cartilage were observed through optical microscope.The levels of serum IL-6 and souble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) were detected via the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The expression of IL-6 protein in articular cartilage and epiphyseal plate cartilage was examined by immunohistochemistry.Results From the sixth week of the experiment,compared with other 3 groups,the body weight of high fluoride group decreased significantly (all P < 0.05);from the seventh week,compared with control and low fluoride groups,the body weight of middle fluoride group decreased significantly (all P < 0.05);throughout the experiment,compared with control group,the body weight of low fluoride group had not changed significantly (all P > 0.05).The fluoride contents of bone in control group,low fluoride group,middle fluoride group and high fluoride group were (842.46 ± 89.27),(1 705.05 ± 105.76),(2 614.17 ± 156.10) and (3 444.58 ± 233.69) mg/kg,respectively.The differences between groups were statistically significant (F =309.716,P < 0.05),and fluoride contents of bone increased with increase of fluoride doses (all P < 0.05).Under optical microscope,the cartilage tissue of control group was normal,while articular cartilage and epiphyseal plate cartilage showed different degrees of cartilage ossification in fluorosis mice and the changes increased with the increase of fluoride doses.The levels of serum IL-6 in control group,low fluoride group,middle fluoride group and high fluoride group were (5.98 ± 1.43),(7.54 ± 2.16),(5.25 ± 1.97) and (6.31 ±-1.36) ng/L,respectively.The differences between groups were statistically significant (F =3.840,P < 0.05),low fluoride group was significantly higher than control group (P < 0.05),and middle fluoride group was significantly lower than low fluoride group (P < 0.05).The levels of serum slL-6R in control group,low fluoride group,middle fluoride group and high fluoride group were (0.83 ± 0.20),(0.93 ± 0.23),(0.82 ±0.27) and (0.92 ± 0.28) μg/L,respectively.The differences between groups were not statistically significant (F =0.738,P > 0.05).Immunohistochemical results showed that articular cartilage full-layer cells in each group expressed IL-6 protein especially in the middle layer of chondrocytes,while IL-6 protein only expressed in hypertrophic chondrocytes of epiphyseal plate cartilage.Comparing with other groups,IL-6 positive cells were the most and had the deepest staining in low fluoride group.Conclusions Different doses of NaF could not only cause cartilage lesion,but also change the expression of IL-6 in serum and cartilage tissue of Balb/c mice.The results indicate that IL-6 may be involved in the cartilage lesion caused by fluoride.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619462

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BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the abilities of self-renewal, multidirectional differentiation and immunomodulation, and have become the focus of current research. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the immunomodulation of MSCs to different immune cells and the clinical applications of MSCs in the treatment of immune-related diseases. METHODS: The first author searched the PubMed and the CKNI databases for relative articles from January 1974 to December 2016. The key words were mesenchymal stem cells, immunomodulation, MSC1 and MSC2, autoimmune diseases in English and Chinese, respectively. Finally, 52 representative articles were included. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: MSCs can inhibit the function of T lymphocytes, reduce the activation, proliferation and antibody secretion of B lymphocytes, affect the polarization of macrophages, inhibit the maturation of dendritic cells, inhibit the proliferation and toxicity of NK cells, so MSCs have the great potential in the treatment of immune-related diseases. However, MSCs exhibit the opposite immunomodulatory abilities under different inflammatory microenvironments, and moreover the definite and controllable mechanism of this phenomenon is still unclear, Therefore, future investigations may focus on the specific mechanism of MSCs in the clinical treatment of immune-related diseases.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614280

ABSTRACT

Through detailed investigation of the market circulation of Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix, at the same time, this article collected relevant articles, conducted comparative study on genuine and conventionally used Ligustici Rhizoma et Radix from the aspects of textual research, functions, chemical composition and pharmacological effect, and discussed the results of the study.

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