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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876484

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the screening results of tumor markers carbohydrate antigen 724 (CA-724), carbohydrate antigen 153 (CA-153), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA-125), carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA-199) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in the 45 ~ 60-year-old health examination population in Chengdu area. Methods A total of 2 268 healthy people aged 45 ~ 60 years old living in Chengdu area from May 2019 to August 2020 were selected. Levels of serum tumor markers CA-724, CA-153, CA-125, CA-199 and CEA were detected by electrochemiluminescence. Positive rates of different tumor markers and confirmed diagnosis of malignant tumors were statistically analyzed. People with positive and negative tumor markers were respectively included in the positive group and the negative group, and their serum tumor markers were compared. The screening results of tumor markers in the health examination population of different gender and age, and the diagnostic efficiency of each tumor marker for malignant tumors were analyzed. Results Among the 2 268 healthy people, the positive rates of CA-724, CA-153, CA-125, CA-199 and CEA were 10.05%, 4.98%, 1.10%, 7.01% and 4.76%, respectively. A total of 72 cases were positive for tumor marker detection, with a total positive rate of 3.17% (72/2,268). Among them, 12 cases were diagnosed as early or mid-term tumors by pathology, imaging and other examinations, with a total tumor detection rate of 0.53% (12/2,268), including 8 cases of malignant tumors, with a detection rate of 0.35% (8/2,268). The levels of CA-724, CA-153, CA-125, CA-199 and CEA in the tumor markers positive group were higher than those in the negative group (P<0.05). The CA-125 and CA-199 positive rates in males were lower than those in females, while CEA positive rate was higher in males than in females (P<0.05). Positive rates of CA-153, CA-199 and CEA in different age groups showed statistically significant differences (P<0.05). Positive expression of CA-153 and CA-199 mainly occurred in the 51~60 years old group, and positive expression of CEA mainly occurred in the 45~50 years old group. ROC curve analysis showed that combined detection of CA-724, CA-153, CA-125, CA-199 and CEA had the highest sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in predicting malignant tumors, and the area under the curve was the largest (0.865). Conclusion Tumor markers CA-724, CA-153, CA-125, CA-199 and CEA are highly expressed in the 45 ~ 60-year-old health examination population in Chengdu area, and positive rate of CA-724 is the highest. Levels of tumor markers in people of different gender and age are also different. Joint detection of various tumor markers is conducive to early detection and treatment of the disease, and reduction of deterioration risk.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694410

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of oral prednisone combined with partial root canal therapy on acute irreversible pulpitis pain in third molars. Methods A total of 131 patients with acute irreversible pulpitis of the third molar treated in the emergency department from September 2016 to December 2017 in Shaoxing People's Hospital were selected and been divided into experimental group and control group according to the principle of prospective, random, and contrast. 66 patients in the experimental group received combination prednisone and partial root canal therapy, and 65 patients in the control group received partial root canal therapy. The VAS scores at each time point during treatment, the doses of analgesics and anesthetics used during treatment, the number of return visits within 72 hours after treatment, and treatment comfort were analyzed and compared. And the SPSS 19.0 statistical software was used to compare two sets of biological quantitative data using t-test or rank sum test. Count data were compared using Chi-square test and exact Fisher test. Results After 24 hours of intervention, the VAS scores of both groups decreased, and the VAS scores of the experimental group decreased more signifi cantly. The VAS scores of the experimental group were lower than those of the control group, and the proportion of patients with a VAS score of <5 was higher than that of the control group. In the group,the difference was statistically signifi cant (P<0.05). In addition, the dose of acetaminophen, codeine and other analgesic drugs was lower in the experimental group than in the control group, with a signifi cant difference (P<0.05); The dose of anesthetic 2% lidocaine solution was slightly less in the experimental group than in the control group. There was no signifi cant difference between the two groups (P>0.05);The proportion of return visit patients in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically signifi cant (P<0.05). In the end, the scores and total scores of each dimension of the GCQ scale in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically signifi cant (P<0.05). Conclusion Corticosteroid prednisone can effectively relieve the pain symptoms of irreversible pulpitis in a short period of time and improve the patient's treatment comfort. It can be used as a simple and quick alternative to partial root canal treatment to help clinical planning of endodontic treatment under the best analgesic conditions.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 276-280, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881607

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of revised version of GBZ 49-2014 Diagnostic of Occupational Noise-induced Deafness on the diagnosis of occupational noise-induced deafness( ONID). METHODS: A total of 77 patients applied for ONID diagnosis and identification were selected as study subjects by judgment sampling method. The pure tone audiometry data were collected and diagnosed based on the criteria of GBZ 49-2014 and GBZ 49-2007 Diagnostic Criteria of Occupational Noise-induced Deafness. The changes of the diagnostic audiometry and the ONID diagnostic classification were compared. RESULTS: The monaural threshold of weighted value of the good ear calculated by GBZ 49-2014 was higher than the speech frequency threshold average of the good ear of GBZ 49-2007 [( 32. 4 ± 10. 3) vs( 29. 8 ± 10. 6) dB,P <0. 01]. The binaural high frequency threshold average calculated by GBZ 49-2014 was higher than that of GBZ 49-2007[( 50. 5 ± 13. 3) vs( 49. 1 ± 13. 6) dB,P < 0. 01]. The ONID diagnosis conclusions diagnosed by using GBZ 49-2014 and GBZ 49-2007 were consistent( Kappa value = 0. 92,P < 0. 01). There was statistical difference in the ONID diagnostic classifications diagnosed by using GBZ 49-2014 and GBZ 49-2007( P < 0. 05). Three ONID patients diagnosed as non ONID by GBZ 49-2007 were diagnosed as mild ONID by using GBZ 49-2014,and five cases diagnosed as mild ONID by GBZ 49-2007 were diagnosed as moderate ONID by using GBZ 49-2014. CONCLUSION: The diagnostic audiometry calculated based on GBZ 49-2014 is higher than that based on GBZ 49-2007. The number of ONID patients increased and the diagnostic classification became serious when the diagnosis was made based on GBZ 49-2014.

4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 812-814, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509620

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the allocation of oral medical resource in west area of Chongqing,and investigate the caries prevalence in these population.Methods Study samples was raised with the multistage stratified random cluster sampling method,then data was analyzed to compare the allocation of oral medical.Resource,awareness degree on oral health and caries prevalence in each age grade between urban and rural area.Results In west area of Chongqing,the allocation of oral medical resource and awareness degree on oral health were better in urban area than those in rural area.In each age grade,the caries prevalence is higher in rural area,when compared with that in urban area.In addition,the caries prevalence of 5 years old group and 12 years old group is the same between male and female in both urban area and rural area (P>0.05).Nevertheless,in 35-44 years old and 65-74 years old group,the caries prevalence was higher in female compared with male in both urban area and rural area (P<0.05).Conclusion In west area of chongqing,the rural allocation of oral medical resource is bad and needs improvement,the awareness of oral hygiene is weak among population of rural area.In west area of Chongqing,women in 35-44 years and 65-74 years old should pay more attention to caries prevention and treatment.

5.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1299-1301, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617479

ABSTRACT

Objective: To improve the quality standard for Zengguang tablets.Methods: Instead of the microscopic identification, Acorus tatarinowii rhizoma,Lycii Fructus and Polygalae radix were indentified by TLC.The content of schisandrin in Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus was determined by HPLC.The HPLC system consisted of a Hypersil BDS C18(250 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm)column, methanol-water (1∶1) was used as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 ml·min-1, and the detection wavelength was at 250 nm.The column temperature was 35℃ and the sample size was 10 μl.Results: The microscopic images were with strong specificity.The developed TLC spots were quite clear, and the method of TLC was simple with strong specificity and good reproducibility.The linear range of schisandrin was 21.17-423.40 ng(r=0.999 9).The average recovery was 99.7% and the RSD was 1.4%(n=6).Conclusion: The method for the quality control of Zengguang tablets is comprehensive and perfect.

6.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1316-1318, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617474

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish an HPLC-CAD method for the simultaneous determination of fructose, glucose, sucrose and maltose in honey.Methods: The samples were separated on an Alltech Prevail carbohydrate ES(250 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm)column using acetonitrile-water (70:30) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 ml·min-1, and detected by a charged aerosol detector.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Vitamin D (VitD) on intraperitoneal fat coefficient,monocyte/macrophage chemoattractant protein and macrophage infiltration in adipose tissue of infantile rats with obesity.Methods A total of 45 weanling female SD rats were randomly divided into control group (group N),obesity model group(group OB) and VitD intervention group(group VitD),and each group had 15 rats.The rats of group N were fed with basic diet,and the rats in group OB and group VitD were fed with high-fat diet.The rats of group VitD were administrated intragastrically with VitD 5 μg/(kg · d)(equivalent to 400 IU VitD for human infants) for 6 weeks,while the rats of group OB and group N were given plant oil [5 mL/(kg · d)] for 6 weeks instead.The body weight of rats were recorded once every week,and Lee's indexes were calculated.The fat mass in enterocoelia were wcighted after 6 weeks.The levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 α (MIP-1 α) in serum were detected by adopting enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The specimens of adipose tissue were observed and the number of adipocyte was counted through hematoxylin-eosin stain.The protein expressions of MCP-1,MIP-1 α and F4/80 in adipose tissue were determined by immunohistochemistry,and the mRNA expressions of MCP-1,MIP-1α and nuclear factor (NF)-κB in adipose tissue were determined by real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qPCR),then the correlation analysis with body weight,Lee's index and fat mass in enterocoelia were conducted.Results After 6 weeks with high-fat diet,the body weight,intraperitoneal fat coefficient,serum levels ofMCP-1 and MIP-1α in group OB[(244.1 ± 16.2) g,(3.25 ±0.63)%,(2 275.2 ±229.3) ng/L,(190.4 ± 61.9) ng/L] significantly increased compared with those of group N [(224.2 ± 10.9) g,(2.43 ± 0.47) %,(1 522.1 ±577.1) ng/L,(63.6 ±31.6) ng/L] and group VitD[(214.0± 12.5) g,(2.04 ±0.64)%,(1 863.4 ± 477.0) ng/L,(120.3 ± 29.5) ng/L],and the differences were significant (all P < 0.05).The adipose cells ranged orderly in group N and group VitD;the structure was disordered in group OB with various shapes and sizes of adipose cells and the excessively expanded adipose cells existed with many small newborn adipose cells.Immunohistochemistry showed that the protein expressions of MCP-1,MIP-1α and F4/80 in adipose tissue in group OB(130 944.5 ±10 706.1,174 354.8 ±65 267.8,51 701.9 ± 50 105.1) significantly increased compared with those of group N (47 394.5 ± 9 261.9,54 376.7 ± 36 436.9,23 370.3 ± 16 613.1),and the differences were significant (all P < 0.01);the protein expressions of MCP-1,MIP-1α and F4/80 in adipose tissue in group VitD (102 967.2 ± 9 329.3,48 659.8 ± 43 553.8,25 604.9 ± 11 411.6) significantly decreased compared with those of group OB,and the differences were significant (all P < 0.01).The qPCR showed that mRNA expressions of MCP-1,MIP-1 α and NF-κB in adipose tissue in group OB (2.78 ± O.90,7.10 ± 1.85,1.50 ± 0.16) significantly increased compared with those of group N (0.88 ± 0.18,0.99 ± 0.80,1.00 ± 0.28),and the differences were significant (all P < 0.05);the mRNA expressions of MCP-1,MIP-1α and NF-κB in adipose tissue in group VitD(1.73 ±0.51,1.59 ± 1.09,0.72 ±0.30) significantly decreased compared with those of group OB,and the differences were significant (all P <0.05).There was no significant difference in Lee's indexes among the 3 groups (F =0.351,P =0.711).At the age of 9 months age,the mRNA expression levels of MCP-1,MIP-1α and NF-κB in adipose tissue of infantile rats were positively correlated with body weight and intra-peritoneal fat coefficient(r =0.738,0.517,0.762,0.693,0.519,0.557,all P < 0.05),but there was no correlation with the Lee's index(r =0.322,0.317,-0.023,all P >0.05).Conclusions VitD supplement can suppress the obesity induced by high-fat-diet,and the possible mechanism is that VitD reduce the expression of monocyte/macrophage chemoattractant protein and macrophage infiltration in adipose tissue through regulating NF-κB signal pathway.

8.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1367-1370, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611416

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish an ion chromatography (IC) method to determine the content of chloride ion and sulfate ion in ethylparaben, and evaluate the quality status of chloride ion and sulfate ion in ethylparaben at different levels.Methods: Ion chromatograph was used.The column was Dionex IonPac AS 18 (250 mm ×4 mm,5 μm) using potassium hydroxide as the mobile phase with gradient elution, the flow rate was 1.0 ml·min-1 , the injection volume was 25 μl, and the quantitative method was standard curve.Results: The method showed good linear relationship within the range of 0.02-4.00 μg·ml-1 for chloride ion (r=0.999 9) and 0.10-10.00μg·ml-1 for sulfate ion (r=0.999 5).The average recovery was 90.12% (RSD=3.4%) and 85.54% (RSD=6.2%) for chloride ion and sulfate ion, respectively (n =9).The content range of chloride ion and sulfate ion was 0.000 3%-0.015 7% and 0.000 9%-0.024 4% in 63 batches of samples, respectively.Conclusion: The established method is simple, fast and accurate, which can be used to determine the contents of chloride ion and sulfate ion in ethylparaben and is helpful to its quality control.

9.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 808-810,811, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the quality differences in benzalkonium chloride samples from domestic and abroad to provide references for the quality standard revision for benzalkonium chloride in Chinese pharmacopoeia. Methods: The ratio of alkyl compo-nents was determined according to the method described in USP 38, and the total content of benzalkonium chloride was determined ac-cording to the method recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 edition) and USP 38, respectively. Results:According to the results of composition ratio of alkyl, the fraction defective of domestic samples and imported samples was 100% and 50%, respectively. The content difference between the values calculated by the methods in the two pharmacopoeias showed that the total content of domestic samples changed from 3. 86% to 4. 15%, and that of imported samples changed from 1. 15% to 3. 90%. Conclusion:There are sig-nificant differences in the quality of benzalkonium chloride between domestic samples and imported samples. It is recommended that the ratio of alkyl components should be supplemented in our pharmacopoeia referring to the method in USP 38 and the total content calcula-tion formula for benzalkonium chloride should be revised to improve the quality standard for benzalkonium chloride.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2566-2569, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method to determine and compare the contents of sodium benzoate in medicinal(phar-maceutical excipients and active pharmaceutical ingredients) and non-medicinal (chemical reagents and food additives) grade. METHODS:HPLC was conducted for content determination,SPSS 18.0 software was adopted to compare the results. The column was Purospher STAR LP RP-18 endcapped with mobile phase of acetotrile-0.02% formic acid(adjusted pH to 4.0 with aqua ammo-nia)(30∶70,V/V)at a flow rate was 1.0 ml/min,the detection wavelength was 230 nm,column temperature was 35 ℃,and vol-ume injection was 20 μl. RESULTS:The linear range of sodium benzoate was 10.5-525.3 μg/ml(r=0.999 9);RSDs of precision, stability,reproducibility and durability tests were lower than 0.5%;recovery was 99.38%-101.26%(RSD=0.56%,n=9). The av-erage contents of sodium benzoate in medicinal and non-medicinal grade were between 99.400%-99.875%,but the average content of non-medicinal grade is lower than the medical grade. CONCLUSIONS:The method is accurate and simple with high specificity and good reproducibility,and can be used to determine and compare the content of sodium benzoate in medicinal and non-medici-nal grade.

11.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1996-1998, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the related substances in benzalkonium chloride used as a pharmaceutical adjuvant, and com-pare the quality at home and abroad. Methods:An HPLC method was used with an ODS-HYPERSIL C18 column(250 mm × 4. 6 mm, 5 μm). The detection wavelength was 210 nm and 257 nm. The flow rate was 1. 0 ml· min-1 and the column temperature was 30℃. The injection volume was 20 ml. The mobile phase was A ( dissolving 1. 09 g sodium1-hexanesulfonate and 6. 9 g sodium dihydrogen phosphate in water, adjusting pH to 3. 5 with phosphoric acid and diluting to 1 000. 0 ml) and B ( methanol) with gradient elution. Results:The content of benzaldehyde in the samples at home and abroad was low. The content of benzyl alcohol in the samples from a-broad was qualified, which was significantly higher than that in the domestic samples. The content of benzyl chloride in the domestic samples was higher than that in the samples from abroad. Conclusion:The method is simple and fast, which is suitable for comparing the related substances of domastic and imported samples. At the same time, the study provides basis for enterprises to choose benzalko-nium chloride rationally.

12.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 2171-2172,2179, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of telmisartan and amlodipine besylate in tablets. Methods:The isocratic separation was achieved on a Phenomenex C18 column (150 mm × 4. 6 mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phase composed of 50 mmol·L-1 sodium dihydrogen phosphate buffer (pH 6. 0, 0. 5% triethylamine)-acetonitrile (40:60, v/v). The flow rate was 1. 0 ml·min-1 , the detection wavelength was 254 nm, the column temperature was 30℃ and the sample size was 20μl. Results:Telmisartan could be well separated from amlodipine besylate under the conditions mentioned above. The linearity be-tween the peak area and the concentration was obtained within the range of 4. 0-80. 0 μg·ml-1(r=0. 999 9) for telmisartan and 1. 0-20. 0 μg·ml-1(r=0. 999 9) for amlodipine besylate. The mean recovery of telmisartan and amlodipine besylate was 99. 90% and 100. 52%, and RSD was 0. 74% and 1. 48%, respectively (n=9). Conclusion:The method is specific, stable and accurate in the determination of compound telmisartan tablets.

13.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1989-1991, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of olmesartan medoxomile, amlodipine be-sylate and hydrochlorothiazide in compound olmesartan medoxomile tablets. Methods:The desired chromatographic separation was a-chieved on a Phenomenex C18 (250 mm × 4. 6 mm, 5μm) column. With gradient elution, the optimized mobile phase consisted of ace-tonitrile as solvent A, and 50 mmol·L-1 potassium dihydrogen phosphate buffer (pH 3. 0, containing 0. 05% triethylamine) as sol-vent B. The flow rate was set at 1. 0 ml·min-1 , the column temperature was 30 ℃, the UV detection was carried out at 236 nm and the sample size was 20μl. Results:The compounds were separated well, the linearity between the peak area and the concentration was observed within the range of 4. 0-80. 0 mg·L-1(r=0. 999 9)for olmesartan medoxomile, 1. 0-20. 0 mg·L-1(r=0. 999 9)for amlo-dipine besylate and 1. 25-25. 0 mg·L-1(r=0. 999 9)for hydrochlorothiazide. The average recovery of olmesartan medoxomile, amlo-dipine besylate and hydrochlorothiazide was 99. 1%(RSD=1. 31%, n=9), 100. 3%(RSD=1. 21%, n=9) and 100. 2%(RSD=1. 06%, n=9), respectively. Conclusion:The method is specific and stable in the determination of olmesartan medoxomile, amlo-dipine besylate and hydrochlorothiazide in the tablets.

14.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 319-323, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669711

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the method for determining the related substances in lansoprazole for injection and qualitatively study the impurities. Methods:An HPLC method and an HPLC-MS method were used with isocratic elution and DAD as the detector. Results:The priciple impurity in all samples was impurity B. Conclusion:The method is fast, simple and sensitive, and suitable for the determination of the related substances in lansoprazole for injection.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480524

ABSTRACT

Vitamin D has a wide range of biochemical effects. Insufficiency/ deficiency of vitamin D increases the risk of insulin resistance by ways of inflammation,adipocytokines,oxidative stress and mitochondria function,it could lead to metabolic disorder of glucose and lipid,which closely relates to the incidence and development of obesity and metabolic syndrome on children. This paper presents the relationship between vitamin D with obesity and metabolic syndrome on children,states the possible mechanisms of regulation of glucose/ lipid metabolism and insulin resistance by vitamin D.

16.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1862-1864,1865, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600334

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the impurities in pharmaceutical adjuvant sodium bisulfite. Methods: An IC method was used with a Dionex IonPac AS17-C RFIC analytical column. ECD was used as the detector by gradient elution and the temperature of column was 30℃. Results:Sulfate radical was detected out in all samples. Conclusion:The method is simple and fast with high sensi-tivity, which is suitable for the determination of related substances in sodium bisulfite.

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1330-1333, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469794

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the blood transfusion paths in elderly patients in order to ensure the blood transfusion safety in the elderly.Methods Clinical data of elderly patients (aged 60 and over) receiving blood transfusion were selected from January 2008 to December 2013.Data of blood transfusion in different clinical department were analyzed.Results From 2008 to 2013,the number of elderly patients receiving blood transfusion and transfusion volume showed the rising trends.Patients in Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery had the most blood transfusion volume among all surgical departments (9.3U/person),and plasma transfusion accounted for the most with plasma and red blood cells in a 3 ∶ 1 ratio.Patients in Department of Internal Medicine had the most blood transfusion volume among all non surgical departments (15.9U/person),and platelets transfusion accounted for the most with platelets and red blood cells in a 3 ∶ 1 ratio.The oldest patients on average receiving blood transfusion in the top 10 was from Department of Emergency (aged 77 years),and the most common cause was gastrointestinal hemorrhage.The youngest patients receiving blood transfusion in the top 10 was from Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Department of Gynecology (aged 69 years),and the most common cause was huge pleural mass and ovarian cancer.Conclusions Blood transfusion for elderly patients should be restrict the indications for transfusion strictly,choose the reasonable transfusion time,blood components and volume.Physiological and functional changes and clinical features of elderly patients should be paid attention to at the same time in order to reduce unnecessary transfusions,particularly the dependence on plasma transfusion and unnecessary collocated blood transfusion,to avoid the overload and adverse transfusion reactions.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733299

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of inhibiting the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) on Th2 cell-mediated airway inflammation and airway remodeling,and to explore the role of STAT3 in the pathophysiology of bronchial asthma.Methods Forty Balb/c mice were randomly divided into control group(n =10),asthma group(n =10),AG490 by intraperitoneal group (n =10),and AG490 by inhalation group (n =10).The mice were sensitized with ovalbumin to establish the asthmatic model.The histological changes were evaluated by means of HE staining,while total broalchial wall thickness(Wat) and smooth muscle thickness(Wam) were measured by using image analysis system.The percentages of collagen deposition were detected by way of Masson's trichrome staining; the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were collected,the total cell and the cell differentials were counted,the levels of IL-4,IL-5 in BALF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; the lung tissue extracts were analyzed for phosphorylation of STAT3 (p-STAT3) by Western blot.The SPSS 13.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results 1.The histological changes by HE staining showed that less inflammatory cells infiltration in airway and around the pulmonary vascular in AG490 administration groups compared with asthmatic group.Wat,Wam and the percentages of collagen deposition in AG490 administration groups was significantly lower than that in asthmatic group(F =49.5,41.7,58.2,all P < 0.05).2.The level of p-STAT3 in the lung of AG490 administration groups were significantly lower than those in asthmatic group(F =34.17,P < 0.05).3.The total cells and eosinophils amounts in BALF of AG490 administration groups were significantly lower than those in asthmatic group (F =42.5,64.7,all P < 0.05).The levels of IL-4,IL-5 in BALF of AG490 administration groups were significantly lower than those in asthmatic group,respectively (F =39.2,75.1,all P < 0.05).Conclusions STAT3 signaling pathway is pivotal in Th2 cell-mediated airway inflammation and airway remodeling in asthmatic models,and AG490 can ameliorate airway inflammation and airway remodeling efficiently by inhibiting the phosphorylation of STAT3,and targeting this signaling pathway may be a novel therapy for asthma.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1305-1307, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439283

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical status of massive transfusion in elderly patients in general hospital in order to improve the clinical use of blood and ensure the security of blood transfusion in elderly patients.Methods 100 patients who required massive transfusion were divided into 2 groups:elderly group (patients aged 60 years and over,n=32) and non-elderly group (patients aged under 60 years,n=68).Clinical blood transfusion indications in all patients met the Technical Criterion of Clinical Blood Transfusion issued by Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China in 2000.Clinical data were analyzed and compared between the two groups.Results Elderly patients with massive transfusion were mainly in department of surgery,including department of orthopedics,general surgery,hepatobiliary surgery,cardiac surgery and urology surgery and gastroenterology,and the mean age of patients in these departments was 71.5 years,69.9 years,72.0 years,66.0 years,65.5 years,70.8 years respectively,accounting for 50.0%,70.0%,20.0%,75.0%,20.0% and 66.7% in all patients who required massive blood transfusion respectively.The mean blood transfusion volumes were higher in patients in department of gastroenterology,general surgery,hepatobiliary surgery and orthopedic,in which the mean units of red blood cell components transfusion were 14.0 U,7.0 U,5.2 U and 4.1U respectively,the mean units of plasma components transfusion were 23.3 U,8.4 U,8.0 U,0.5 U respectively,and the mean uint of platelet components transfusion was 1.6 U in hepatobiliary surgery.Conclusions The risk of blood transfusion is higher in the elderly than in the non elderly.We should select the effective blood components reasonablely,reduce the unnecessary blood transfusion and decrease the dependence on plasma transfusion to avoid the transfusion overload and adverse reactions.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428878

ABSTRACT

The paper analyzed the necessity of the testing items for blood transfusion compatibility.By means of a comprehensive evaluation of the testing requirements of blood transfusion labs,and a basis on characteristics of blood transfusion profession and technical specifications in clinical transfusion,the paper probed into building appropriate lab examination techniques in terms of ABO blood type testing item,RhD blood type testing item and screening test,and cross-matching testing items,for the purpose of achieving the safety and effectiveness of clinical blood use.

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