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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 319-326, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007247

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role and mechanism of DNA repair regulation in the process of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence. MethodsHCC tissue samples were collected from the patients with recurrence within two years or the patients with a good prognosis after 5 years, and the Tandem Mass Tag-labeled quantification proteomic study was used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins enriched in the four pathways of DNA replication, mismatch repair, base excision repair, and nucleotide excision repair, and the regulatory pathways and targets that play a key role in the process of HCC recurrence were analyzed to predict the possible regulatory mechanisms. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsFor the eukaryotic replication complex pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of MCM2 (P=0.018), MCM3 (P=0.047), MCM4 (P=0.014), MCM5 (P=0.008), MCM6 (P=0.006), MCM7 (P=0.007), PCNA (P=0.019), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), and LIG1 (P=0.042); for the nucleotide excision repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA (P=0.019), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), and LIG1 (P=0.042); for the base excision repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA (P=0.019) and LIG1 (P=0.042) in the HCC recurrence group; for the mismatch repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of MSH2 (P=0.026), MSH6 (P=0.006), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), PCNA (P=0.019), and LIG1 (P=0.042) in recurrent HCC tissue. The differentially expressed proteins were involved in the important components of MCM complex, DNA polymerase complex, ligase LIG1, long patch base shear repair complex (long patch BER), and DNA mismatch repair protein complex. The clinical sample validation analysis of important differentially expressed proteins regulated by DNA repair showed that except for MCM6 with a trend of reduction, the recurrence group also had significant reductions in the relative protein expression levels of MCM5 (P=0.008), MCM7 (P=0.007), RCF4 (P=0.002), RCF5 (P<0.001), and MSH6 (P=0.006). ConclusionThere are significant reductions or deletions of multiple complex protein components in the process of DNA repair during HCC recurrence.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 165-171, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994962

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of non-remission of proteinuria in patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS) and idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN).Methods:The study was a retrospective observational study. The clinical data of patients with NS who were diagnosed as IMN by renal biopsy and serum albumin recovered normal after six months of treatment were collected from Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 1, 2010 to January 31, 2022. Patients were divided into proteinuria remission group and non-proteinuria remission group according to whether urinary protein < 3.5 g/24 h and decreased 50% from the onset. The differences of clinical and pathological characteristics between the two groups at baseline were compared. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of non-remission of proteinuria.Results:Ninety-five NS patients with renal pathology of IMN were included in this study, with age of 57(43, 65) years old and 50 males (52.6%). There were 75 patients in the proteinuria remission group and 20 patients in the non-proteinuria remission group. Compared with the proteinuria remission group, the non-proteinuria remission group had higher baseline body mass index [(26.83±4.03) kg/m 2vs. (24.68±3.97) m 2, t=-2.149, P=0.034] and proportion of overweight (85.0% vs. 58.7%, χ2=4.765, P=0.029), and larger waist circumference [88.5(85.3, 101.5) cm vs. 87.0(77.5, 92.0) cm, Z=2.362, P=0.018]. Renal pathological results showed that the proportions of diabetes nephropathy (10.0% vs. 0, P=0.043) and glomerular hypertrophy (45.0% vs. 20.0%, χ2=5.227, P=0.022) were higher, and the average diameter of hypertrophic glomeruli was longer [(197.96±6.37) μm vs. (193.51±8.50) μm, t=2.029, P=0.041] in the proteinuria remission group than those in the non-proteinuria remission group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that waist circumference was an independent influencing factor of non-proteinuria remission in patients with IMN under waist circumference > 90 cm in men and >85 cm in women ( OR=1.083, 95% CI 1.005-1.168, P=0.037). Conclusion:Abdominal obesity is an independent risk factor of non-remission of proteinuria in NS patients with IMN after early treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 165-168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993788

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of the decline of intrinsic capacity(IC)and to explore the effect of intrinsic capacity decline on falls and hospital readmission during 1 year follow-up.Methods:A total of 311 elderly patients treated in Geriatrics Department of Zhejiang Hospital were enrolled.General information and intrinsic ability data, including cognitive(simple mental state inventory), motor(Tinetti-Balance Scale and 4 m test), vitality(grip strength and mini-nutrition assessment table), perception(self-rated vision or hearing impairment), and psychosocial(Geriatric depression scale), were collected at admission.Falls and hospital readmission within 1 year after discharge were followed up.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship of baseline intrinsic ability at admission with falls and hospital readmission during 1-year follow-up.Results:Of 311 elderly hospitalized patients, 282(90.7%)had intrinsic capacity decline.During 1 year follow-up, 38 elderly patients(12.2%)had falls and 69 elderly patients(22.2%)were hospital readmitted.After adjusting for confounding factors such as age, gender, education level, comorbidities, multiple medications, fear of falling, and assistive tool use and so on, Logistic regression analysis showed that decreased balance ability was a risk factor for falls within 1 year in elderly patients( OR=3.515, 95% CI: 1.089-11.346, P=0.036), and slow walking speed was a risk factor for one-year hospital readmission( OR=2.426, 95% CI: 1.181-4.983, P=0.016). Conclusions:Decreased motor capacity is closely associated with falls and hospital readmission within 1 year in older patients.Great attention should be paid to the assessment and intervention of motor ability in elderly patients.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 674-678, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958914

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of spiral CT arterial enhancement fraction (AEF) in clinicopathological staging of colorectal cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 151 newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients (colorectal cancer group) and 86 patients who underwent physical examination with no history of colorectal disease (the control group) admitted to Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital from September 2019 to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All research subjects received whole abdominal spiral CT plain scan and three-phase enhanced scan, and the obtained images were transferred to the Siemens Syngo.via post-processing workstation for post-processing to obtain the AEF color map and its quantitative parameter AEF value. The correlation of AEF value with colorectal cancer stage and Ki-67 was analyzed, and its diagnostic performance for clinicopathological staging of colorectal cancer was evaluated by using receiver operating characteristic curve.Results:The AEF values ??of patients at stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ colorectal cancer were (72±9)%, (65±11)%, (60±12)%, and (52±10)%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 22.15, P < 0.001). The AEF values ??of the control group and the colorectal cancer group were (85±6)% and (62±12)%, respectively, and the difference in AEF value of both groups was statistically significant ( t = 18.66, P < 0.001). The clinicopathological stage of colorectal cancer was negatively correlated with AEF value ( r = -0.548, P < 0.05). Taking the control group as the standard, the area under the curve (AUC) of AEF value for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ were 0.866 (the sensitivity was 62.50%, the specificity was 96.51%) and 0.928 (the sensitivity was 76.74%, the specificity was 98.84%), 0.981 (the sensitivity was 92.68%, the specificity was 91.86%) and 1.000 (the sensitivity was 100.00%, the specificity was 98.84%), and the difference in diagnostic efficiency was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). The AEF value of colorectal cancer was negatively correlated with Ki-67 ( r = -0.537, P < 0.05). The Ki-67 positive index of patients at stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ colorectal cancer was (55±12)%, (67±10)%, (73±12)%, and (79±11)%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 11.94, P < 0.001); the Ki-67 positive index of patients at stage Ⅳ was higher than those at stage Ⅰ+Ⅱ ( t = 3.45, P = 0.001); the clinicopathological stage of colorectal cancer was positively correlated with Ki-67 ( r = 0.393, P < 0.001). Conclusions:AEF quantitative color map and AEF value can reflect the characteristics of arterial and venous blood supply in colorectal cancer lesions. AEF value analysis before surgery is helpful for the clinicopathological staging of colorectal cancer.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation of fetal cervical cystic hygroma (CCH) with chromosomal and structural abnormalities and to assess the prognosis of CCH.Methods:This study retrospectively enrolled 70 fetuses with CCH diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiao Tong University from July 2015, to December 2021. According to whether complicated by structural malformations or other anomalies, all the subjects were divided into the non-isolated and isolated CCH groups. The correlation of CCH and the gestational age at detection with chromosomal and structural abnormalities were analyzed and the prognosis of the cases were summarized using Chi-square test. Results:There were 34 isolated CCH (34/70, 49%) and 36 non-isolated CCH (36/70, 51%) among the 70 cases. In the non-isolated CCH group, there were eight cases (22%, 8/36) with abnormal heart structure, ten (28%, 10/36) with abnormal anterior abdominal wall, 16 (44%,16/36) with systemic edema and/or pleural effusion, one (3%,1/36) with craniocerebral abnormalities and one with holoprosencephaly and cardiac structural abnormalities. Eighteen out of 44 cases undergoing chromosome testing had chromosomal abnormalities, which were trisomy-18 ( n=6), trisomy-21 ( n=3), trisomy-13 ( n=3), 45,XO ( n=3), and chromosome segment duplication or deletion ( n=3). The detection rate of chromosome abnormality was higher in non-isolated CCH group comparing with isolated CCH group [59%(13/22) vs 23%(5/22), χ2=6.02, P=0.014]. There was no significant difference in the gestational age at the detection of CCH or proportion of women of advanced maternal age between the isolated and non-isolated CCH groups (both P>0.05). The ratios of isolated CCH cases with normal chromosome detected at the gestational weeks of 14-27 +6 was higher than those detected at 11-13 +6 weeks [62%(13/21) vs 17%(4/23), χ2=7.39, P=0.001]. Out of the 17 cases with isolated CCH and normal chromosomes, 12 were live births. One of the 12 cases still had a cystic mass with a diameter of 3 cm in the neck nine months after birth, and the other 11 cases had no mass at birth but one case died at the age of five months (hospitalized one week for neonatal edema),one case was found with anal atresia three days after birth and underwent operation and the remaining nine cases were normal during five months to six years follow-up. Conclusions:Non-isolated CCH is at a higher risk of chromosomal abnormalities. Isolated CCH cases detected later had higher rate of normal chromosome and often have a higher survival rate.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955009

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct and validate a nomogram predictive model for readmission risk within 1 year of children with type 1 diabetes.Methods:A total of 395 children with type 1 diabetes who were hospitalized in four hospitals in Xi′an City from February 2019 to February 2021 were selected as the research subjects. The children were divided into training set ( n = 219) and verification set ( n = 175) in 5∶4 ratios. A nomogram prediction model for readmission risk within 1 year of children with type 1 diabetes was constructed based on the training set data, and internal validation was carried out. The external validation was carried out based on validation set data. Results:A total of 85 (21.5%) children were readmitted within 1 year. Mean glycohemoglobin A1c ≥ 7.5%, co-infection, complications of diabetes, and family history of diabetes were risk factors for readmission within 1 year of children with type 1 diabetes ( OR values were 4.010 - 5.510, P<0.05), and age of onset >7 years old was a protective factor ( OR = 0.070, P<0.05). The internal verification of nomogram model showed that the area under ROC curve was 0.778 (95% CI 0.703- 0.853), and the observed curve in calibration curve was basically consistent with the predicted curve. The external verification showed that the area under ROC curve was 0.748 (95% CI 0.642- 0.854), and the observed curve in calibration curve was basically consistent with the predicted curve. Conclusions:The nomogram predictive model for readmission risk within 1 year of children with type 1 diabetes is scientific and practical, and has certain clinical value in guiding targeted prevention and intervention of readmission of children with type 1 diabetes within one year.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2097-2101, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941449

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To estab lish a meth od for the determination of 5 volatile components as menthone ,menthol, pulegone,piperitone and ligustilide in Qingxuan pills. METHODS Seven batches of Qingxuan pills were taken as test samples and determined by gas chromatography. The gas chromatographic column was DB- 5 sillica capillary column ,the carrier gas was nitrogen,the inlet temperature was 200 ℃. The sample size was 1 μL,and the split ratio was 10 ∶ 1. The temperature was programmed(the initial temperature was kept at 100 ℃ for 2 min,and then raised to 220 ℃ at 5 ℃/min for 2 min),and the temperature of the flame ionization detector was 250 ℃. RESULTS The chromatographic peaks of menthone ,menthol,pulegone, piperitone and ligustilide reached the baseline separation ;the linear ranges of the five components were 0.008-0.388,0.010-0.527, 0.006-0.327,0.006-0.312,0.053-2.672 mg/mL(all r>0.999 0);the average recoveries were 96.33%(RSD=1.23%,n=6), 96.92%(RSD=1.38%,n=6),97.53%(RSD=1.81%,n=6),96.80%(RSD=1.89%,n=6)and 95.61%(RSD=0.77%, n=6);the contents of the five components were 0.009-0.070,0.040-0.157,0.017-0.150,0.008-0.049 and 0.144-0.932 mg/g, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The gas chromatography method established in this study is simple and accurate ,which can simultaneously determine the contents of five volatile components in Qingxuan pills .

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 516-518, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933580

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify core contents of health education for patients with pemphigus by using the Delphi method.Methods:On the basis of literature review and group discussions, two rounds of questionnaire survey were performed in 17 experts to evaluate the importance of health education items for patients with pemphigus by using the Delphi method. Indices including importance score, coefficient of variation, authority coefficient and Kendall coefficient of concordance were calculated to identify core contents of health education for patients with pemphigus.Results:In the two rounds of questionnaire survey, all experts complete the questionnaires, the coefficients of variation were all less than 0.35, the authority coefficient was 0.893, and the Kendall coefficients of concordance were 0.283 and 0.288 respectively ( χ2= 168.17, 181.25, respectively, both P < 0.001) . After the two rounds of expert consultation, the core contents of health education for patients with pemphigus were finally confirmed, which consisted of 6 primary items and 32 secondary items, and the primary items included "disease knowledge", "medication guidance", " dietary guidance", "skin care", "rest, activities and psychological guidance" and " follow-up and medical guidance". Conclusion:By using the Delphi method, the core contents of health education have been successfully identified for patients with pemphigus, which provide a basis for systematization and scientization of health education contents for patients with pemphigus.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014951

ABSTRACT

The telomere/telomerase system, as a biological marker of aging, plays an important role in maintaining woman's health. The vulnerability of telomere-telomerase system is heightened in female during puberty, pregnancy and perimenopause period, which not only affect themselves, but also affect the healthy growth of offspring. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to provide basis for intervention time and method for delaying women aging due to the effects of estrogen levels, dietary, stress, movement, insulin resistance and sleep on the telomere/telomerase system during puberty, pregnancy and perimenopausal period.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988358

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of LncRNA WT1-AS on the invasion and migration of triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. Methods qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of WT1-AS and the efficiency of gene silencing in MDA-MB-231 cells. Transwell invasion test and scratch test were used to detect the invasion and migration of MDA-MB-231 cells; Western blot was used to detect the expression of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Vimentin and Snail in MDA-MB-231 cells. Results Compared with normal human mammary epithelial cells, the expression of WT1-AS in MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-453 and MDA-MB-468 cells were significantly up-regulated. Knockdown of WT1-AS significantly reduced the invasion and migration abilities of MDA-MB-231 cells, the expression of E-cadherin was increased but N-cadherin, Vimentin and Snail expression were decreased. Conclusion WT1-AS could promote the invasion and migration of triple-negative breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 via regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 364-369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873407

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the difference in protein expression between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with recurrence and those with good prognosis, the differential expression and regulatory mechanism of miR-152-3p target proteins, and the role of miR-152-3p in the recurrence of HCC. MethodsTMT-labeled proteomic sequencing and RT-PCR were used to measure the expression of proteins and the expression of miR-152-3p in the HCC tissue of six patients with recurrence at 2 years after HCC resection and six patients with good prognosis at 5 years. Six databases were used to analyze the target genes of miR-152-3p, and Gene Ontology, DAVID, and REACTOME databases were used to perform target gene screening, enrichment annotation, and signal transduction pathway enrichment analysis. Gene mutation frequency and survival curve analysis were performed for the target genes of miR-152-3p to verify the role of miR-152-3p target genes in patients with HCC recurrence. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and a Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to investigate the survival rates of liver-related genes. ResultsCompared with the patients with HCC recurrence, the patients with good prognosis after HCC resection had a significantly higher transcriptional expression level of miR-152-3p in HCC tissue (P<0.05). The results of protein sequencing showed that there were 365 differentially expressed proteins in HCC tissue between the patients with good prognosis and the patients with recurrence, and the analysis of HCC recurrence databases showed that 17 proteins were regulated by miR-152-3p. Further analysis of the signaling pathways showed that the function of the 17 target genes regulated by miR-152-3p was enriched in the translation and regulation of mitochondria and ribosome, and multiple enrichment revealed that six target genes were closely associated with mitochondrial respiratory chain complex, i.e., AKAP1, FOXRED1, MRPL28, MRPL50, SHC1, and STAU1. Gene mutation frequency and survival curve analysis showed that the loss or weakening of the function of mitochondrial respiratory chain-related target proteins seriously affected the prognosis and survival rate of patients. ConclusionThere is a significant difference in the expression of miR-152-3p in HCC tissue between patients with good prognosis and those with recurrence after HCC resection, and miR-152-3p may lead to the recurrence of HCC by regulating the target genes AKAP1, FOXRED1, MRPL28, MRPL50, SHC1, and STAU1, acting on the mitochondrial respiratory chain, and affecting the oxidative respiratory function of cells.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1748-1770, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878665

ABSTRACT

Vitamins are organic substances that are essential for the maintenance of life activities. Generally, vitamins need to be obtained from the diet or from some synthetic source as the body cannot synthesize vitamins, or the amounts of the synthesized vitamins are insufficient. At present, vitamins are widely used in medicine, food additives, feed additives, cosmetics and other fields, and the global demand for vitamins is constantly growing. Vitamins can be produced from chemical or microbial synthesis. Chemical synthesis usually requires harsh reaction conditions, produces serious wastes, and creates great potential safety hazard. In contrast, microbial synthesis of vitamins is greener, safer, and requires much less energy input. This review summarizes the advances in metabolic engineering for vitamins production in the past 30 years, with a focus on production of water-soluble vitamins (vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12 and vitamin C precursors) and lipid-soluble vitamins (vitamin A, precursors of vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K). Moreover, the bottlenecks for fermentative production of vitamins are discussed, and future perspectives for developing next generation vitamins producing strains using synthetic biotechnology are prospected.


Subject(s)
Biotechnology , Metabolic Engineering , Vitamin A , Vitamin K , Vitamins/analysis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911430

ABSTRACT

To investigate the predictive value of [ 18F]fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission computed tomography(PET)/CT for disease progression in patients with dermatomyositis (DM) and interstitial lung diseases (ILD). Sixty-seven DM patients who underwent [ 18F] FDG-PET/CT imaging were retrospectively analyzed from January 2012 to September 2017 at PLA General Hospital. Their clinical manifestations and imaging characteristics were recorded. Compared with those chronically progressed (C-ILD), patients with rapid progression (RP-ILD) had significantly higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and standardized uptake value (SUV) in lungs ( P<0.05). In patients with RP-ILD, SUV in lungs was positively correlated with age, disease course, and ESR. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis suggested that when lung SUV cut off value was 2.25, the sensitivity and specificity to predict disease progression was 77.8% and 72.8%, respectively. Old age, longer disease course, low creatine kinase level, higher ESR, and high SUV are prognostic factors for DM-associated ILD.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910048

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of a new 3D printed guide plate in the minimally invasive treatment of fresh closed Achilles tendon rupture.Methods:From January 2019 to January 2020, 14 fresh closed Achilles tendon ruptures were treated by minimally invasive surgery at Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Xuzhou Renci Hospital. There were 13 males and one female, with an average age of 39.1 years (from 18 to 63 years). The rupture of the Achilles tendon body, 3 cm in length on average, was located 2 to 6 cm above the attachment of the calcaneal tuberosity. The ruptured Achilles tendon was repaired by suture with the aid of the new 3D printed guide plate. After operation, in cooperation of the Rehabilitation Department, we performed rehabilitation exercise under the guidance of the concept of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS). The length of incision, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, ankle function at the last follow-up and follow-up complications were recorded.Results:In this cohort, incision length averaged 2.5 cm (from 2.0 to 3.5 cm), operation time 45 min (from 30 to 60 min), and intraoperative blood loss 15 mL (from 10 to 20 mL). The 14 patients were followed up for 13 to 16 months (average, 14 months) after operation. In one patient, the epidermis at the incision edge became black and necrotic, which was healed after dressing change. Follow-ups observed no such complications as suture rejection, sural nerve injury, or Achilles tendon re-rupture. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot scores at the last follow-up averaged 98 points (from 93 to 99 points), yielding 13 excellent cases and one good case; according to the Arner-Lindholm evaluation, the efficacy was excellent in 12 cases, good in one and poor in one.Conclusion:The minimally invasive treatment of fresh closed Achilles tendon rupture with our new 3D printed guide plate has exhibited advantages of minimally invasive incision, limited complications, simple manipulation, good functional recovery of the ankle joint and strong reproducibility of surgical operations.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931877

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the sedative and anti-anxiety effects of levo-tetrahydropalmatine (L-THP) and diazepam on conditioned fear model rats.Methods:According to the random number table method, 32 adult male rats were divided into blank group, model group, diazepam group and L-THP group(with 8 rats in each group). The conditioned fear model was reproduced by the plantar electric shock method. Four days after the modeling, the rats in diazepam group and L-THP group were given diazepam (3.6 mg/kg) and L-THP (25 mg/kg) were respectively gavaged once a day for 10 days, the rats in blank group and model group were given the same volume of saline. After the administration, the elevated plus maze test and the open field test were used to measure the anxiety behavior of the rats, and the sleep energy monitoring system was used to detect changes in sleep and energy-related indicators. SPSS 23.0 and Graphpad Prism 7.0 softwares were used for data analysis, multiple samples between groups were compared by one-way ANOVA, and LSD test was used for pairwise comparison.Results:The results of the elevated plus maze experiment showed that compared with the model group, the percentage of open-arm entry times ((11.27±8.78)%, (30.11±14.59)%, P<0.05) and the percentage of open-arm residence time ((1.94±1.48)%, (17.53±8.21)%, P<0.05) in diazepam group were all significantly increased. Compared with the model group, the open arm residence time, the percentage of open arm residence time and the percentage of open arm entry times in L-THP group showed an upward trend, but there was no statistical significance (all P>0.05). The results of the open field experiment showed that compared with the model group, the time of entering the central grid ((2.99±1.83) s, (6.94±3.52) s, P<0.05) and the time of entering the peripheral field ((297.01±1.83) s, (293.30±3.52) s, P<0.05) in diazepam group both increased. Compared with the model group, there was no significant difference in the changes of various indexes in L-THP group (all P>0.05). The results of locomotor activities showed that the autonomic activity times of model group in nighttime was significantly lower than that of blank group((758.79±375.37)times/h, (1 101.93±525.96)times/h, P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the number of autonomous activities of rats in L-THP group in daytime ((820.57±364.60) times/min, (502.40±228.54)times/min, P<0.05) decreased, and the number of autonomous activities in the nighttime ((758.79±375.37) times/min, (1 146.85±309.69)times/min, P<0.05) increased, but there was no significant change in the number of autonomous activities in the whole day. Correlation analysis of energy metabolism related indexes and sleep time of rats in each group were analyzed. The experimental results showed that the daytime sleep time were negatively correlated with heat value ( r=-0.335, P<0.05), and the night sleep time was positively correlated with daytime heat value ( r=0.352, P<0.05). Conclusion:L-tetrahydropalmatine has no significant anti-anxiety effect in the concentration range used in this study, but its sedative and improving sleep activity rhythm are better than diazepam.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886085

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand phthalic acid esters pollution of daily consumed food in Guangzhou City,and evaluate the hazard of phthalic acid esters exposure in residents dietary. Methods Detected the content of phthalic acid esters in 10 types of food by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy(GC-MS)methods .It combined with a survey on dietary nutrients intake of Guangzhou residents was conducted.Hazard index on the dietary exposure assessment of chemicals in food was applied. Results It showed that the highest levels of DBP,DEHP and DIBP,from the mixed diet samples in Guangzhou were 1.256,1.418,0.576 mg/kg respectively;and the exposure level of DBP,DEHP and DIBP were 2.431、5.981、2.408μg/kg.d ;HQ was respectively 0.243、0.125、0.025. HI was 0.393. Conclusion The dietary contamination of phthalic acid esters for Guangzhou was kept at a low level.But the pollution of 3 kinds of mixed samples such as meats,eggs,aquatic and products may be a certain risk of health that should attract more attention.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 217-224, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood of patients with immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) and the correlation between T helper 17 cell (Th17)/regulatory T cells (Treg) cell imbalance and cytokines.Methods:A total of 31 patients with IgG4-RD who were admitted to the Rheumatology and Immunology Department of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2016 to June 2020 were included. We collected their clinical and laboratory data, and selected 30 age and sex matched healthy people as the control group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the percentage and absolute number of lymphocyte subsets [T, B, natural killer cell (NK), CD4 +T, CD8 +T] and CD4 +T subsets [Th1, Th2, Th17, CD4 +CD25 +forkhead box protein 3 (Foxp3) +Treg] in peripheral blood of IgG4-RD patients and healthy controls. The serum interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ levels in the IgG4-RD patients were measured by cytometric bead array (CBA). Correlation between Th17/Treg ratio and disease-related indicators was also analyzed. We used χ2 test, Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman correlation analysis for statistical analysis. Results:① The percentage of CD4 +T cells in the peripheral blood of IgG4-RD patients was higher than that of healthy controls [45.00%(33.97%, 51.48%) vs 39.36%(33.78%, 43.30%), Z=-2.142, P<0.05]. ② The percentage and absolute number of Th17 cells was increased in IgG4-RD patients [1.13%(0.70%, 1.55%) vs 0.77%(0.43%, 1.07%), Z=-2.229, P<0.05; 7.90(5.20, 12.23) cells/μl vs 5.60(3.12, 8.47) cells/μl, Z=-2.568, P<0.05], while the percentage of Treg cells was decreased [3.37%(2.82%, 5.65%) vs 4.96%(4.18%, 6.34%), Z=-2.986, P<0.01]. But the number of Treg cells showed no difference between the two groups. ③ Th17/Treg ratio was significantly increased in IgG4-RD patients [0.29(0.16, 0.46) vs 0.15(0.08, 0.23), Z=-3.119, P<0.01], and it was positively correlated with IgG4-RD response index score ( r=0.491, P<0.01). ④ Serum IL-6 [13.72(9.29, 26.06) pg/ml vs 2.23(1.94, 3.10) pg/ml, Z=-4.815, P<0.01], IL-10 [5.46(4.28, 15.38) pg/ml vs 1.81(1.59, 2.02) pg/ml, Z=-5.298, P<0.01], TNF-α [4.25(1.47, 7.26) pg/ml vs 1.15(1.05, 1.45) pg/ml, Z=-3.146, P<0.01] and IFN-γ [3.89(1.76, 6.61) pg/ml vs 1.41(1.24, 1.65) pg/ml, Z=-3.172, P<0.01] in IgG4-RD group were significantly higher than those in healthy control group. Moreover, Th17/Treg ratio was negatively correlated with IL-2 level ( r=-0.554, P<0.05). Conclusion:Th17/Treg disorder exists in IgG4-RD patients, and it is related to disease activity, indicating that Th17/Treg imbalance may be an important mechanism in IgG4-RD. IL-2 plays an important role in regulating Th17/Treg balance and may be a potential immunotherapy target in future.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880436

ABSTRACT

Effects of heat treatment conditions (including temperature and time) on the shape memory recovery and corrosion resistance of NiTi self-expanding vascular stents were studied based on working mechanism and clinical use. The


Subject(s)
Alloys , Corrosion , Hot Temperature , Materials Testing , Stents , Surface Properties , Temperature , Titanium
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and imaging characteristics of infectious sacroiliitis.Methods:A total of 110 patients diagnosed with infectious sacroiliitis were retrospectively analyzed between 2008 and 2017.Clinical manifestations and therapeutic responses, laboratory tests such as HLA-B 27, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C reactive protein (CRP), T cell spot test for tuberculosis infection(TB-SPOT), Brucella agglutination test ect., blood culture of pathogens, pathological findings as well as magnetic resonance imaging were all recorded and analyzed. Results:Among the 110 patients, the male to female ratio was 44 to 66 with an average age 15-58(29.4±10.8) years and the course of disease 0.3-60 (5.7±13.2) months. As to the pathogens, 71 cases were pyogenic, 24 cases with tuberculous sacroiliitis, and 15 cases were brucellosis infections. The majority of patients (97.3%) had unilateral sacroiliac joint involvement. Ten (9.1%) patients suffered infectious sacroiliac arthritis after delivery. Hip pain was the main clinical manifestation (83/110,75.5%) and fever as the second (77/110,70.0%). HLA-B 27 was positive in 11 patients (10.0%). Both ESR and CRP were elevated in the majority. There were 103 patients receiving sacroiliac joint puncture biopsy. Seven patients were diagnosed through blood culture or brucellosis agglutination test. Bone marrow edema and osteolytic lesions in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were more common in pyogenic or tuberculous sacroiliitis than in brucellosis infections. Conclusion:Infectious sacroiliitis should be differentiated from spondyloarthritis, which develops more in female patients, with short disease duration and fever, mostlynegative HLA-B 27. The majority patients present unilateral sacroiliitis. Active inflammatory lesions are usually beyond sacroiliac joints with osteolytic changes in MRI examinations.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799351

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical and imaging characteristics of infectious sacroiliitis.@*Methods@#A total of 110 patients diagnosed with infectious sacroiliitis were retrospectively analyzed between 2008 and 2017.Clinical manifestations and therapeutic responses, laboratory tests such as HLA-B27, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C reactive protein (CRP), T cell spot test for tuberculosis infection(TB-SPOT), Brucella agglutination test ect., blood culture of pathogens, pathological findings as well as magnetic resonance imaging were all recorded and analyzed.@*Results@#Among the 110 patients, the male to female ratio was 44 to 66 with an average age 15-58(29.4±10.8) years and the course of disease 0.3-60 (5.7±13.2) months. As to the pathogens, 71 cases were pyogenic, 24 cases with tuberculous sacroiliitis, and 15 cases were brucellosis infections. The majority of patients (97.3%) had unilateral sacroiliac joint involvement. Ten (9.1%) patients suffered infectious sacroiliac arthritis after delivery. Hip pain was the main clinical manifestation (83/110,75.5%) and fever as the second (77/110,70.0%). HLA-B27 was positive in 11 patients (10.0%). Both ESR and CRP were elevated in the majority. There were 103 patients receiving sacroiliac joint puncture biopsy. Seven patients were diagnosed through blood culture or brucellosis agglutination test. Bone marrow edema and osteolytic lesions in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were more common in pyogenic or tuberculous sacroiliitis than in brucellosis infections.@*Conclusion@#Infectious sacroiliitis should be differentiated from spondyloarthritis, which develops more in female patients, with short disease duration and fever, mostlynegative HLA-B27. The majority patients present unilateral sacroiliitis. Active inflammatory lesions are usually beyond sacroiliac joints with osteolytic changes in MRI examinations.

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