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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 227-233, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To sy stematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of a spirin combined with clopidogrel in the treatment of progressing stroke. METHODS :Retrieved from the Cochrane library ,PubMed,Embase,Clinical trials.gov ,CBM, VIP,Wanfang database and CNKI databases ,randomized controlled trials (RCTs)about aspirin combined with clopidogrel (trial group)versus aspirin or clopidogrel alone (control group )in the treatment of progressing stroke were collected. After literature screening and data extraction ,the quality of literatures were evaluated with bias risk assessment tool recommended by Cochrane system evaluator manual 5.2. Meta-analysis was performed by using Rev Man 5.3 software. RESULTS :A total of 27 RCTs involving 2 854 patients were enrolled. The results of Meta-analysis showed that response rate of trial group was significantly higher than aspirin group [RR =1.31,95%CI(1.26,1.37),P<0.000 01];Neurological deficit score (NDS)of trial group was significantly lower than control group [MD =-3.80,95%CI(-5.30,-2.30),P<0.000 01];National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale Score in trial group was significantly lower than aspirin group [MD =-3.72,95%CI(-5.25,-2.20),P<0.000 01] and clopidogrel group [MD =-2.44,95%CI(-4.14,-0.73),P=0.005]. Results of subgroup analysis showed that NDS score of trial group was significantly lower than control group after 14 d of treatment [MD =-2.19,95%CI(-3.11,-1.27),P<0.000 01],15 d of treatment [MD =-5.73,95%CI(-10.65,-0.81),P=0.02] and 28 d of treatment [MD =-3.45,95%CI(-4.24,-2.67),P< 0.000 01]. Compared with trial group ,there was no statistical significance in response rate with clopidogrel group ,the incidence of ADR with clopidogrel group ,the incidence of bleeding event with clopidogrel group ,and mortality with control group (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Aspirin combined with clopidogrel in the ; treatment of progressive stroke ,can improve the efficacy and improve neurological deficit symptoms in the short term ,but can not reduce the incidence of ADR or the mortality during E-mail:wuyanzi89@126.com the treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398504

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate patients'cognition of social status of physicians and nurses,and find out the influence factors of it. Methods 286 patients were asked to finish serf-designed scale of social status of physicians and nurses. Results Most patients thought social status of nurses was above the middle level in our country.The majority of patients considered doctors " social status was higher than nurses'(approval rate 75.5% ).The nurses'economic treatment was lower than doctors' (approval rate 62.2% );About 14 items among 15 items on the occupational reputation,doctors" occupation cognition rate was higher than the nurses,the nurses' occupation cognition rate was higher than the doctors' occupation only on the item of labor intensity.The influence factors of the social status differences between physicians and nurses were economic treatment,the important degree of occupation,the professional authority,the requirement of specialized skills for workers. Conclusions To study the influence factors of the social status difference of physicians and nurses is beneficial for us to study the strategy of improving the nurses' social status in order to fulfil the viewpoint of science development,keep nurse troops developing continuously and set up the harmonious physician-nurse relationship.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-534347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the utilization of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in our hospital and to provide reference for TCM pharmacy and rational use of TCM in the clinic.METHODS:1 052 outpatient prescriptions of TCM in our hospital from May to Oct.in 2009 were analyzed statistically by Microsoft Excel program.RESULTS:Prescriptions of respiratory system diseases in our hospital were mainly TCM prescription.TCM in middle-aged and aged group was a universal phenomenon.The ingredients in every prescription were excessive with high dosage.CONCLUSION:Clinicians and pharmacists should attach great importance on the application of TCM prescriptions to ensure safety and effectiveness of drug use.

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