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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 148-153, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913129

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features and autoantibody characteristics of patients with drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the patients with abnormal liver function who were admitted to Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, from September 2014 to September 2018 and were diagnosed with DILI based on RUCAM score, and related data on admission were collected, including baseline liver function, renal function, routine blood test results, five immune indices, autoantibody, and liver biopsy results. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used to compare the detection rate of autoantibody between the patients with different sexes or types of liver injury. A logistic regression analysis was used to investigate whether autoantibody had a regression relationship with sex, age, and type of injury, and an ordinal logistic regression analysis was performed with baseline laboratory results as independent variables and anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) titer as the dependent variable. Results A total of 419 patients with DILI were enrolled in the study, with a median age of 47 (35-55) years, among whom male patients accounted for 32.5% (136/419) and female patients accounted for 67.5% (283/419). Among these 419 patients, 88 (21.5%) had hepatocellular-type liver injury, 87 (21.2%) had mixed-type liver injury, and 235 (57.3%) had cholestasis-type liver injury. The detection rate of autoantibodies was 50.6% (212/419), and the detection rate of ANA was 42.9% (180/419), with a titer of mainly 1∶ 100 (104/180). There was no significant difference in the detection rate of autoantibodies between the patients with different sexes ( χ 2 =2.658, P =0.103) or different types of injury ( χ 2 =0.859, P =0.651). The binary logistic regression analysis showed that autoantibody did not have a regression relationship with sex, age, and type of injury (all P > 0.05) There were significant differences in prothrombin time activity (PTA) and international normalized ratio (INR) between the positive autoantibody group and the negative autoantibody group ( t =2.161, P =0.031; Z =-3.010, P =0.003). The ordinal logistic regression analysis showed that INR (odds ratio [ OR ]=3.101, P =0.040) and IgG ( OR =1.043, P =0.014) were associated with ANA grade. Conclusion There is a relatively high detection rate of autoantibodies in patients with DILI, and the detection rate of autoantibodies is not associated with sex, age, or type of injury. There are differences in PTA and INR between autoantibody-positive patients and autoantibody-negative patients, and the levels of INR and IgG are correlated with antibody titer.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910039

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate short-term clinical efficacy of femoral neck system (FNS) for treatment of femoral neck fractures in young and middle-aged patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 70 middle-aged and young patients who had been surgically treated for femoral neck fractures at Department of Trauma Orthopaedics, Honghui Hospital from January to November 2020. Of them, 32 cases were fixated by FNS; they were 16 males and 16 females, with an age of (49.4±11.0) years, including 10 cases of type Ⅱ, 12 cases of type Ⅲ and 10 cases of type Ⅳ by the Garden classification. The other 38 patients were fixated by cannulated compression screws (CCS); they were 19 males and 19 females, with an age of (48.8±10.1) years, including 12 cases of type Ⅱ, 15 cases of type Ⅲ and 11 cases of type Ⅳ by the Garden classification. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture reduction, fracture union time, weight-bearing time, complications, Barthel index at 3 months after surgery, and hip function at 6 months after surgery.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in preoperative general information or follow-up time between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in operation time, intraoperative blood loss or fracture reduction quality between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). In the FNS group, weight-bearing time [(11.4±3.4) weeks] and fracture healing time [(3.1±0.9) months] were significantly shorter than those in the CCS group [(16.4±3.9) weeks and (3.6±0.9) months], rate of complications (12.5%, 4/32) was significantly lower than that in the CCS group (34.2%, 13/38), Barthel index at 3 months after operation (98.1±2.8) and Harris hip score at 6 months after operation (96.8±4.0) were significantly higher than those in the CCS group (93.8±4.1 and 93.6±6.7) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of femoral neck fractures in young and middle-aged patients, compared with CCS fixation, FNS fixation can obtain better short-term curative effects, due to its advantages of shorter bone union and weight-bearing time, a decreased rate of complications and early functional recovery of daily activities.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908985

ABSTRACT

In view of the problems and shortcomings of the domestic ophthalmic microsurgery training system, drawing lessons from the training programs of famous ophthalmic centers abroad, our hospital has explored a set of hierarchical comprehensive training system for ophthalmic microsurgery. Through the four levels-eight scales microsurgery training, the hierarchical comprehensive training system organically integrates the multimedia theoretical teaching, the microscopic practice of Wet-Lab laboratory, microscopic training of surgical simulator and the clinical practice to achieve a better teaching effect in clinical practice, being widely praised by teachers and students.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the observation of the short-term recanalization rate and safety of acute thrombosis of arteriovenous fistula by dual-channel urokinase thrombolysis.Methods:A total of 52 dialysis patients with acute thrombosis of arteriovenous fistula in the Department of Nephrology, Shenzhen Hospital of Southern Medical University from January 2017 to January 2020 were selected. They were divided into control group and observation group by random number table. Twenty-seven cases in the test group used inflow arterial puncture and venous thrombosis, hereinafter referred to as dual channel, and bolus injection of urokinase for thrombolysis. Twenty-five cases in the control group were treated with tradi) ional peripheral intravenous bolus injection of urokinase for thrombolysis, and the recanalization time of internal fistula, adverse reactions and safety of thrombolysis were compared between the two groupsResults::The early (2 hours) reopening rate of the test group was 92.6% (25/27), which was higher than that of the control group by 44.0% (11/25) ( χ2 value was 14.389, P<0.05), which was statistically significant. The embolization site of the two groups of patients ( χ2 value was 2.989, P>0.05), the access situation of the two groups of patients ( χ2 value was 0.277, P>0.05), no statistical significance. There was no statistical significance in subcutaneous ecchymosis ( χ2 value was 0.088, P>0.05), bleeding at the puncture point ( χ2 value was 0.003, P>0.05), and puncture injury ( χ2 value was 0.944, P>0.05) in both groups. Conclusions:The double-channel urokinase thrombolysis method has the characteristics of high (2 hours) early recanalization rate, safe and effective in the treatment of acute arteriovenous fistula thrombosis.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898098

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSkeletal muscle is the largest tissue in the human body, and it plays a major role in exerting force and maintaining metabolism homeostasis. The role of muscle transcription factors in the regulation of metabolism is not fully understood. MondoA is a glucose-sensing transcription factor that is highly expressed in skeletal muscle. Previous studies suggest that MondoA can influence systemic metabolism homeostasis. However, the function of MondoA in the skeletal muscle remains unclear.MethodsWe generated muscle-specific MondoA knockout (MAKO) mice and analyzed the skeletal muscle morphology and glycogen content. Along with skeletal muscle from MAKO mice, C2C12 myocytes transfected with small interfering RNA against MondoA were also used to investigate the role and potential mechanism of MondoA in the development and glycogen metabolism of skeletal muscle.ResultsMAKO caused muscle fiber atrophy, reduced the proportion of type II fibers compared to type I fibers, and increased the muscle glycogen level. MondoA knockdown inhibited myoblast proliferation, migration, and differentiation by inhibiting the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Further mechanistic experiments revealed that the increased muscle glycogen in MAKO mice was caused by thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) downregulation, which led to upregulation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), potentially increasing glucose uptake.ConclusionMondoA appears to mediate mouse myofiber development, and MondoA decreases the muscle glycogen level. The findings indicate the potential function of MondoA in skeletal muscle, linking the glucose-related transcription factor to myogenesis and skeletal myofiber glycogen metabolism.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890394

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSkeletal muscle is the largest tissue in the human body, and it plays a major role in exerting force and maintaining metabolism homeostasis. The role of muscle transcription factors in the regulation of metabolism is not fully understood. MondoA is a glucose-sensing transcription factor that is highly expressed in skeletal muscle. Previous studies suggest that MondoA can influence systemic metabolism homeostasis. However, the function of MondoA in the skeletal muscle remains unclear.MethodsWe generated muscle-specific MondoA knockout (MAKO) mice and analyzed the skeletal muscle morphology and glycogen content. Along with skeletal muscle from MAKO mice, C2C12 myocytes transfected with small interfering RNA against MondoA were also used to investigate the role and potential mechanism of MondoA in the development and glycogen metabolism of skeletal muscle.ResultsMAKO caused muscle fiber atrophy, reduced the proportion of type II fibers compared to type I fibers, and increased the muscle glycogen level. MondoA knockdown inhibited myoblast proliferation, migration, and differentiation by inhibiting the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Further mechanistic experiments revealed that the increased muscle glycogen in MAKO mice was caused by thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) downregulation, which led to upregulation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), potentially increasing glucose uptake.ConclusionMondoA appears to mediate mouse myofiber development, and MondoA decreases the muscle glycogen level. The findings indicate the potential function of MondoA in skeletal muscle, linking the glucose-related transcription factor to myogenesis and skeletal myofiber glycogen metabolism.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3608-3621, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922428

ABSTRACT

@#Drug transportation is impeded by various barriers in the hypoxic solid tumor, resulting in compromised anticancer efficacy. Herein, a solid lipid monostearin (MS)-coated CaO2/MnO2 nanocarrier was designed to optimize doxorubicin (DOX) transportation comprehensively for chemotherapy enhancement. The MS shell of nanoparticles could be destroyed selectively by highly-expressed lipase within cancer cells, exposing water-sensitive cores to release DOX and produce O2. After the cancer cell death, the core-exposed nanoparticles could be further liberated and continue to react with water in the tumor extracellular matrix (ECM) and thoroughly release O2 and DOX, which exhibited cytotoxicity to neighboring cells. Small DOX molecules could readily diffuse through ECM, in which the collagen deposition was decreased by O2-mediated hypoxia-inducible factor-1 inhibition, leading to synergistically improved drug penetration. Concurrently, DOX-efflux-associated P-glycoprotein was also inhibited by O2, prolonging drug retention in cancer cells. Overall, the DOX transporting processes from nanoparticles to deep tumor cells including drug release, penetration, and retention were optimized comprehensively, which significantly boosted antitumor benefits.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect and safety of Kangfuyan Capsules () for treating pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in patients with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in a multicenter, randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel-group clinical trial.@*METHODS@#Totally, 240 PID patients with CPP were randomized into 2 groups using a computer generated random number at a 1:1 ratio from 10 hospitals in China between September 2014 and November 2015. Patients received either oral Kangfuyan Capsules or Gongyanping Capsules (, control); the regimen for both groups comprised 4 capsules (3 times daily) for 12 weeks, with follow-up visit 4 weeks after treatment. The visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, clinical responses, remarkable cure rates for each symptom, and quality of life scores were assessed at baseline, and after 1, 2, and 3 months. Adverse events were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores were significantly lower (P<0.05), whereas the clinical responses, remarkable cure rates for lower abdominal pain, uterine tenderness, adnexal mass, and adnexal tenderness, and Health-related quality of life (EQ-5D) scores were higher in the Kangfuyan group than in the control group at 3 months (P<0.05). Common treatment-related adverse events included high hepatic enzyme levels, reduced hemoglobin levels, and elevated platelet counts, although all the adverse events were either mild or moderate in severity.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with Gongyanping therapy, Kangfuyan therapy yielded markedly better analgesia effects for CPP caused by PID, with obvious long-term efficacy and good safety. (Registration No. ChiCTR190022732).


Subject(s)
Capsules , Chronic Pain/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Pelvic Pain/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4066-4074, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921487

ABSTRACT

Different fragments of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein were expressed and purified, and a fluorescence immunochromatography method for detection of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was established. The effect of different protein fragments on the performance of the method was evaluated. The N protein sequence was analyzed by bioinformatics technology, expressed in prokaryotic cell and purified by metal ion affinity chromatography column. Different N protein fragments were prepared for comparison. EDC reaction was used to label fluorescence microsphere on the synthesized antigen to construct sandwich fluorescence chromatography antibody detection assay, and the performance was systemically evaluated. Among the 4 prepared N protein fragments, the full-length N protein (N419) was selected as the optimized coating antigen, N412 with 0.5 mol/L NaCl was used as the optimal combination; deleting 91-120 amino acids from the N-terminal of N412 reduced non-specific signal by 87.5%. the linear range of detection was 0.312-80 U/L, the limit of detection was 0.165 U/L, and the accuracy was more than 95%. A fluorescence immunochromatographic detection method for analysis of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was established by pairing N protein fragments. The detection result achieved 98% concordance with the commercially available Guangzhou Wanfu test strip, which is expected to be used as a supplementary approach for detection of SARS-CoV-2. The assay could also provide experimental reference for improving the performance of COVID-19 antibody detection reagents.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Microspheres , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to evaluate the endo-sinus bone remodeling of dental implants placed via osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) after 6 months and using different implant protrusion lengths and bone grafts through cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).@*METHODS@#Ninety-six patients with 124 implants were included and assigned into four groups. Group 1: implant protrusion length4 mm with bone graft; group 3: implant protrusion length4 mm without bone graft. Apical bone gain (ABG), cortical bone gain (CBG), bone density gain (BDG), and marginal bone loss (MBL) were observed and analyzed at baseline and 6 months after implant surgery.@*RESULTS@#The CBG in grafted groups 1 and 2 was higher than that in non-grafted groups. The ABG and BDG were higher in non-grafted groups 3 and 4 than in grafted groups, and the levels in group 3 were higher than those in group 4. The CBG in grafted group 2 was higher than that in group 1. No significant difference was observed in MBL analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The BDG of IPL4 mm implant when bone grafts were not applied. No relevance was observed between IPL and CBG. Bone grafts can accelerate endo-sinus bone remodeling by increasing CBG and dissipating the influence of IPL on BDG.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxilla/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the experiences of clinical study project management in Peking University Clinical Research Institute, REDCap (Research Electronic Data Capture) data management system was proposed to improve the follow-up process management.Methods:Current clinical study follow-up process management situation were analyzed and methods for utilizing REDCap in follow-up management was proposed.Results:Using REDCap through " direct management" and " system management" data management can improve the follow-up quality and standard level of management in clinical study, at the same time, secured better protection of participants′ privacy and rights during the process.Conclusions:REDCap plays crucial roles in securing follow-up data quality from the source, timely tracking and standardization of follow-up management, it can be adopted more widely in assisting clinical study follow-up management.

12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 943-945, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911817

ABSTRACT

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are a severe autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. NMOSD complicated with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is rare. This paper reports a case of NMOSD who was misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis for many years, and then developed thrombocytopenia. ITP was diagnosed by perfect examination. After immunosuppression and thrombopoiesis therapy, the platelets returned to normal. The review of the case and literatures can help to improve the understanding of this kind of disease, timely diagnose and treat patients, and avoid serious complications.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887715

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the changes in the cytokine profiles of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients undergoing antiviral treatment.@*Methods@#Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients were treated with Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and entecavir (ETV). Clinical biochemistry and cytokines were detected at baseline and every 3 months.@*Results@#In all, 200 patients completed 48 weeks of treatment, 100 in the PEG-IFN group and 100 in the ETV group. During 3-6 months of treatment, compared with baseline, the PEG-IFN group showed a significant decrease in interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-17A (IL-17A), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) ( @*Conclusion@#During antiviral therapy, a change in the cytokine profile occurred; in the aspect of immune control and functional cure, PEG-IFN was significantly better than ETV.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Cytokines/blood , Female , Guanine/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Male , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884776

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) on left ventricular (LV) myocardial perfusion, myocardial viability, LV remodeling, regional and global LV function serially following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Chinese mini-pigs.Methods:AMI was established in 12 Chinese mini-pigs (8 males, 4 females; age: 6-8 months) and they were randomly divided into RIC group ( n=6) and non-RIC group ( n=6). RIC was performed in pigs by blood pressure inflation on the lower limbs for 5 min period and 4 cycles immediately after surgery. A series of myocardial perfusion imaging and gated 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) myocardial metabolism PET/CT imaging were performed longitudinally at the 1st, 14th, 28th and 56th days after AMI, and parameters including total perfusion defect (TPD), hibernating myocardium (HM), Scar, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), summed motion score (SMS), summed thickening score (STS) and changes of these parameters were obtained. Independent-samples t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyze data. Results:Nine Chinese mini-pigs survived after surgery and were performed imaging. Compared to non-RIC group ( n=4), HM at the 28th ((6.0±2.4)% vs (17.0±4.6)%; t=-4.158), TPD 14th-1st ((-11.8±5.4)% vs 9.0%(4.5%, 15.0%); z=2.449), TPD 28th-1st ((-15.3±3.9)% vs (12.0±3.0)%; t=-10.071), TPD 56th-1st ((-18.0±6.5)% vs 9.0%(4.5%, 12.0%); z=2.449), HM 28th-1st ((-10.5±6.9)% vs (8.3±2.1)%; t=-4.507), HM 56th-1st (-15.0%(-17.5%, -8.5%) vs 2.0%(0%, 7.0%); z=2.449) and LVEDV 14th-1st (-0.5(-2.5, 0) ml vs (13.0±4.4) ml; z=2.470) were reduced in RIC group ( n=5; all P<0.05). Conclusion:RIC can improve myocardial perfusion, delay LV remodeling in the acute stage and salvage hibernating myocardium in the subacute stage and chronic stage.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate arthrography-assisted reduction in minimally invasive treatment of tibial plateau fractures.Methods:From January to May 2019, 9 patients with tibial plateau fracture were treated by arthrography-assisted minimally invasive surgery at Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hong-Hui Hospital. They were 6 males and 3 females with an average age of 45.5 years (from 27 to 63 years). According to the Schatzker classification, there were 6 cases of type Ⅱ, one of type Ⅲ and 2 cases of type Ⅳ. Arthrography was used to determine the lowest filling point of contrast medium after intra-articular injection and to ensure satisfactory reduction of articular surface after fracture reduction and bone grafting, followed by minimally invasive percutaneous plate implantation. Comparisons were made between preoperation and 6 months postoperation in the range of knee motion and knee scores of The Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS). Knee X-ray films were evaluated by the Rasmussen imaging system at 6 months postoperation. Collapse of articular surface was recorded pre- and post-operation as well as postoperative complications.Results:All the 9 patients were followed up for 6 to 9 months (average, 7 months). All patients achieved bony union within 12 weeks postoperation. The preoperative knee flexion (60.7°±13.1°) and HSS (51.9±5.7) were significantly improved to 122.4°±10.8° and 84.9±5.3 at 6 months postoperation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between preoperation and 6 months postoperation in knee extension (4.4°±2.5° versus 4.6°±2.9°) ( P>0.05). The collapse of articular surface was improved from preoperative 9.5 mm (from 5 to 15 mm) to postoperative 1.3 mm (from 0 to 3 mm). The Rasmussen imaging scores at 6 months postoperation showed 6 excellent and 3 good. No such postoperative complications occurred as incision infection, joint stiffness, loosening or breakage of implants. Conclusion:Arthrography helps minimally invasive treatment of tibial plateau fracture because it can better display fracture collapse during operation and accurately judge indirect reduction of articular surface.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 97-102,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical outcomes of tibial bone transport over an intramedullary nail in combination with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulphate for treatment of segmental bone defect.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted by enrolling 11 surgically treated patients with tibial segmental bone defect after the debridement for tibial infection or osteomyelitis who were admitted in Lower Limb Surgery Ward of Traumatic Orthopedic Department, Xi′an Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from Jan. 2018 to Jan. 2020. The collected clinical materials and data included gender, age, injury mechanism, smoke or alcohol, comorbidities, intraoperative bleeding loss, bone defect length, resorption time of calcium sulphate, bone transport time, external fixation time, external fixation index, complications and Paley bone and functional criteria. SPSS 24.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:Eleven patients were followed up for 8 to 31 months (average 23.2 months). All patients achieved bone healing and the infection was eradicated with no sign of recurrence. The mean length of defect was (8.1±1.6) cm, mean resorption time of calcium sulphate was (6.6±2.6) months, bone transport time was (11.4±2.8) weeks, external fixation time was (4.7±1.2) months, external fixation index was (0.58±0.07) month/cm and full weight bearing time was (6.1±1.4) months. The complication rate was 36.4% including deep vein thrombosis, delayed union of the docking site, pin tract infection and sterile draining of the wound. Paley bone evaluation results were excellent and good in 10 patients (90.9%) and functional results were excellent and good in 11 patients (100%).Conclusion:Tibial bone transport over an intramedullary nail in combination with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulphate is a safe, reliable and successful method for segmental bone defect and eradication of infection which reduces external fixation time and complication rate, allows patients perform weight bearing and return to daily life earlier.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878317

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In the present study, the ABCA1 was used as a label to capture specific exosomes, the level of ABCA1-labeled exosomal microRNA-135a (miR-135a) was evaluated for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), especially in patients with early stages of AD.@*Methods@#This is a preliminary research focused on the levels of ABCA1 in WBCs, RBCs, HT-22 cells, and neuron cells. The diagnostic value of ABCA1-labeled exosomal miR-135a was examined using the CSF and serum of APP/PS1 double transgenic mice, and 152 patients with SCD, 131 patients with MCI, 198 patients with DAT, and 30 control subjects.@*Results@#The level of ABCA1 exosomes harvested from HT-22 cells and neuron culture medium was significantly higher compared to that of RBCs and WBCs ( @*Conclusion@#This study outlines a method to capture specific exosomes and detect them using immunological methods, which is more efficient for early diagnosis of AD.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1/cerebrospinal fluid , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alzheimer Disease/cerebrospinal fluid , Animals , Biomarkers/cerebrospinal fluid , Cell Line , Cognitive Dysfunction/cerebrospinal fluid , Erythrocytes/metabolism , Exosomes , Female , Humans , Leukocytes/metabolism , Male , Mice, Transgenic , MicroRNAs/blood , Neurons/metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867940

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of proximal femoral anatomical locking plate and autogenous iliac graft for failed primary internal fixation in treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 29 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture who had been treated after failed primary internal fixation at Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Xi'an Honghui Hospital between January 2014 and March 2017. They were 17 men and 12 women, aged from 35 to 83 years (mean, 68.7 years). Their primary internal fixation involved dynamic hip screw in 12 cases, proximal femoral locking plate in 13 cases, and intramedullary nail in 4 cases. The causes for their internal fixation failure included head cutting in 8 cases, fracture nonunion in 10 cases, plate or screw breakage in 6 cases, intramedullary nail breakage in 3 cases, and hip varus in 2 cases. Their revision surgery was performed with anatomical proximal femoral locking plate and autogenous iliac bone graft. Their fracture union time, and visual analogue scale (VAS), hip Harris score, SF-36 health survey scale and complications at the final follow-ups were recorded.Results:All the 29 patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months (18 months on average). Bony union was eventually achieved in all the 29 patients after an average time of 4.5 months (from 3 to 7 months). There were no such complications as nonunion, re-fracture or internal fixation failure. The VAS pain score at the final follow-up(4.6±1.6) was significantly lower than that before surgery(7.1±2.1), and the Harris hip score(85.2±8.2) and SF-36 score(75.9±15.5) at the final follow-up were significantly higher than those before surgery (48.0±12.7 and 48.7±18.8) (all P<0.05). According to their hip Harris scores at the final follow-ups, the therapeutic efficacy was rated as excellent in 9 cases, as good in 15 cases and as poor in one, yielding an excellent and good rate of 82.8%. Conclusion:For patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture whose primary internal fixation has failed, especially those with fine femoral head and neck and hip joint, proximal femoral anatomic locking plate and autogenous iliac bone graft can result in satisfactory clinical efficacy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867880

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of surgical revision for humeral shaft nonunion on health-related quality of life.Methods:The data of 62 patients were studied retrospectively who had been hospitalized at Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hong-Hui Hospital for humeral shaft nonunion from March 2013 to September 2018. They were 43 males and 19 females, aged from 20 to 73 years (average, 42.3 years). Their nonunions belonged to the atrophic type in 19 cases, to the ischemic type in 14 cases and to the hypertrophic type in 29 cases. Their demographic and clinical data, imaging manifestations and treatment methods were recorded and analyzed. The 12-item short form health survey (SF-12) and brief pain inventory (BPI) were used to evaluate their health-related quality of life and the Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) was used to evaluate their elbow function.Results:Upon admission, their physical component summary (PCS) scored 24.3±5.2, mental component summary (MCS) 26.3±3.8, brief pain inventory- severity (BPI-S) 6.5±1.9, and brief pain inventory-interference (BPI-I) 6.7±2.5. At 1-year follow-up, their PCS averaged 43.6±8.1, MCS 34.7±4.4, BPI-S 4.9±1.2, and BPI-I 4.4±1.4. There were statistically significant differences between preoperation and postoperation in the above 4 groups of indicators ( P<0.05). Their MEPS at the last follow-up revealed a 95.2% rate of excellent elbow function (59/62). By comparison with the literature data, their postoperative PCS scores were not significantly different from those for the patients with Barrentt's esophagus, primary hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and silicosis ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference either in the postoperative MCS scores between them and stroke patients ( P>0.05). Conclusions:As a destructive chronic disease, humeral shaft nonunion has negative effects on physical and mental health and quality of life of the patients. Although the pain effect on the limb can be alleviated by surgical revision, the entire treatment may cause permanent psychological trauma to the patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867875

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and operative techniques of medullary external fixation with proximal femoral plate (PFP) and locking compression plate (LCP) assisted by double grafting (cancellous bone and allograft bone grafting in nail holes plus structural grafting at ununited fracture ends) for subtrochanteric femoral nonunions after intramedullary fixation.Methods:Between January 2018 and December 2008, 21 patients received secondary revision at Department of Orthopedics, Honghui Hospital for subtrochanteric femoral nonunion after intramedullary fixation. All of them obtained full follow-up. They were 15 men and 6 women, with an average age of 52.3 years (from 27 to 65 years). There were 18 cases of atrophic nonunion and 3 ones of ischemic nonunion. The intervals between primary operation and secondary revision averaged 10.3 months (from 9 to 13 months). All the fractures were treated by intramedullary fixation with closed reduction in 10 cases and open reduction in 11 cases (including 8 ones of wire binding). All the nonunions were managed with PFP and LCP assisted by double grafting (cancellous bone and allograft bone grafting in nail holes plus structural grafting at ununited fracture ends). Functional recovery of the hip was evaluated by Harris scoring 12 months after operation.Results:The 21 patients obtained an average follow-up of 11.4 months (from 10 to12 months).All the nonunions got united after an average time of 5.2 months (from 4 to 6 months). Postoperative subcutaneous haematomas occurred in only one patient which was treated by a secondary debridement. The mean hip Harris scores were 85.7 (from 84 to 92).Conclusions:As PFP can effectively correct varus deformity and strengthen fixation, LCP plus structural grafting can provide medial mechanical support, and cancellous bone and allograft bone grafting can increase the bone mass in nail holes, our composite method can greatly increase the healing rate of subtrochanteric femoral nonunions after intramedullary fixation with better functional recovery of the hip joint.

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