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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942231

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the quality of life of patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), to compare the difference between IC/BPS and overactive bladder (OAB) pain syndrome, and to explore the related factors affecting the quality of life of IC/BPS patients.@*METHODS@#The demographic data of female outpatients with IC/BPS in Beijing Hospital and other medical centers in China were collected. The quality of life of the patients was investigated by multi-angle questionnaires and compared with the data of OAB patients. According to the influence degree of quality of life, the patients with IC/BPS were divided into mild-moderate group and severe group.@*RESULTS@#In this study, 109 patients with IC/BPS were included. The average age was (46.4±14.3) years and the average course of disease was (39.4±51.6) months. Compared with the OAB patients, the patients in IC/BPS group had a longer average course of disease (P=0.008), a lower proportion of the patients of first visit for the disease (P < 0.001), a higher score of the American Urological Association symptom index (AUA-SI) (P < 0.001), a lower body mass index (BMI) ratio (P=0.016), and a lower incidence of constipation (P=0.006). IC/BPS had the greatest impact on family life, followed by social activity. The score of IC/BPS related symptoms on family life was significantly higher than that of the OAB group (P=0.003). The top three symptoms of the IC/BPS patients were pain (45%), frequency (28%) and urgency (17%). The score of quality of life in the IC/BPS patients was significantly higher than that in the OAB patients (P < 0.001). Caffeine intake (P=0.034) and constipation (P=0.003) might be the factors influencing the quality of life of the patients with IC/BPS.@*CONCLUSION@#IC/BPS has a great influence on the quality of life of patients. Caffeine intake and constipation may be related factors affecting the quality of life of patients with IC/BPS. Urologists should recommend changes in diet and lifestyle to reduce symptoms and improve the patients' quality of life.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cystitis, Interstitial/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pain , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/epidemiology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920740

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the real prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis infections in the freshwater fish in mainland China, so as to provide insights into clonorchiasis control and detection of freshwater fish. Methods All literatures reporting the prevalence of C. sinensis infections in the freshwater fish, the second intermediate host of the parasite, were jointly retrieved in Chinese and English electronic databases from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2020, including Wanfang Data, CNKI, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library. All studies were screened based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the quality of all enrolled literatures was evaluated. The pooled prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated using the software Stata version 15.0, and subgroup analyses were performed to investigate the region-, season- and sample source-specific pooled prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish. In addition, the sensitivity and publication bias of all included studies were analyzed. Results A total of 40 eligible literatures were included in this study, including 37 Chinese literatures and 3 English literatures, and there were 10 high-quality literatures, 27 moderate-quality literatures and 3 low-quality literatures. A total of 53 species containing 37 959 freshwater fish were reported in these 40 studies, and 73.58% (39/53) of freshwater fish species were identified with C. sinensis infections. Meta-analysis showed 23.5% [95% CI: (0.19, 0.28)] pooled prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish in mainland China, and subgroup analyses higher prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish in northeastern China [35.7%, 95% CI: (0.22, 0.50)] than in central [25.9%, 95% CI: (0.04, 0.48)] and southern China [20.6%, 95% CI: (0.09, 0.32)], higher prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish sampled in spring [44.1%, 95% CI: (0.35, 0.53)] than in autumn [6.7%, 95% CI: (0.05, 0.08)] and summer [3.3%, 95% CI: (−0.01, 0.07)], and higher prevalence of C. sinensis infections in freshwater fish sampled from natural water [25.2%, 95% CI: (0.17, 0.33)] than from retail trades [22.2%, 95% CI: (0.17, 0.28)] and breeding chain [12.3%, 95% CI: (0.03, 0.22)]. However, all included studies had a publication bias with a low sensitivity. Conclusions The prevalence of C. sinensis infections is high in freshwater fish in mainland China, and there are still challenges for clonorchiasis control. Reinforcement of health education, diagnostics development and food safety supervision is recommended in future clonorchiasis control programs.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1203-1210, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827627

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Dysuria is one of the main symptoms of genitourinary syndrome of menopause, which causes serious disruption to the normal life of peri-menopausal women. Studies have shown that it is related to decrease of detrusor contractile function, but the exact mechanism is still poorly understood. Previous results have suggested that the sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) pathway can regulate detrusor contraction, and this pathway is affected by estrogen in various tissues. However, how estrogen affects this pathway in the detrusor has not been investigated. In this study, we detected changes of the S1P/RhoA/Rho associated kinases (ROCK)/myosin light chain (MLC) pathway in the detrusor of ovariectomized rats in order to explore the underlying mechanism of dysuria during peri-menopause.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into SHAM (sham operation), OVX (ovariectomy), and E groups (ovariectomy + estrogen), with 12 rats in each group. We obtained bladder detrusor tissues from each group and examined the mRNA and protein levels of the major components of the S1P/RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. We also quantified the content of S1P in the detrusor using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Finally, we compared results between the groups with one-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#The components of the S1P pathway and the RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway of the OVX group were significantly decreased, as compared with SHAM group. The percent decreases of the components in the S1P pathway were as follows: sphingosine kinase 1 (mRNA: 39%, protein: 45%) (both P  0.05). The percent decreases of the components in the RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway were as follows: ROCK2 (protein: 41%, mRNA: 36%) (both P  0.05). In addition, all of the above-mentioned decreases could be reversed after estrogen supplementation (E group vs. SHAM group) (all P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we confirmed that ovariectomy is closely associated with the down-regulation of the S1P/RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway in the rat detrusor, which may be one mechanism of dysuria caused by decreased contractile function of the female detrusor during peri-menopause.

4.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 81-85, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703434

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the characteristics of EQ-5D-3L value set in China,UK,Japan and Korea,and conduct the evaluation of health-related quality of life in China from multiple perspectives.Methods:Based on the 5th national health service survey data,Pearson correlation coefficient was used to study the relationship between health quality of life of residents in China based on different utility value system.Results:The upper limit of utility values in China,Britain,Japan and South Korea were 1,the lower limit were-0.149,-0.594,-0.171 and-0.106.From the perspectives of the four countries,the average values of China's residents were 0.9588,0.9130,0.9499 and 0.9643.Conclusion:China,Japan and South Korea were more consistent in their preferences for health assessment and more concerned about the health effects of general problems and self-care,while the UK was more concerned about extreme problems and the impact of pain.From the perspective of China and South Korea,the attitude towards the quality of life of Chinese residents was optimistic.UK and Japan were relatively pessimistic about the health status of the elderly and low-income people aged 65 and above.

5.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 77-80, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between health-related quality of life and its relevance from the individual and group perspective.Methods:Based on the 5th national health service survey data,Pearson correlation coefficient was used to study the EQ-5D VAS from the perspective of China's residents,and study the correlation of health utility value from the perspective of population.Results:Health related quality of life in China was good,the VAS score was 80.9110 (80.8490,80.9730),the utility was 0.9588 (0.9583,0.9594),the correlation coefficients were 0.5294 and 0.6972.Conclusion:The establishment of utility value system in China was conducive to further promote the application of EQ-5D scale in the health field in China,and as well as the China's health cost effectiveness study.The correlation of the EQ-5D VAS score from the perspective of China's residents and the correlation of health utility value from the perspective of population was not high,but it had a high consistency in high frequency state.However,the healthy life quality of residents in China presented a serious population and regional inequality,as well as differences in health evaluation behavior.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 636-641, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266934

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Photoselective vaporization of the prostate is a technique that is widely used for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and has pronounced advantages compared to the traditional transurethral resection of the prostate. Following the recent introduction of end-firing lithium triborate lasers, we have created a new technique called photoselective vaporesection of the prostate (PVRP). This study described our initial experience using the PVRP technique for the treatment of BPH.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This prospective study included a total of 35 patients with BPH who underwent PVRP from August 2013 to July 2014. The chief clinical parameters were obtained and evaluated during the perioperative period and follow-up, including the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL) score, maximum urinary flow rate, and prostate volume. All variables were evaluated for statistically significant differences compared to baseline values using the analysis of variance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean subgroup IPSS and QoL scores significantly improved during follow-up; the respective decreases in IPSS storage score, IPSS voiding score, IPSS nocturia score, and QoL score were 75.3%, 83.6%, 51.4%, and 71.7%, respectively (all P < 0.001 compared with baseline). Three patients were diagnosed with prostate cancer based on postoperative pathological examinations. There were no serious perioperative complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The PVRP technique demonstrates satisfactory short-term clinical outcomes and perioperative safety in the treatment of BPH.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Borates , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Laser Therapy , Methods , Lithium Compounds , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Perioperative Period , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Prostate , General Surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 172-176, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267955

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the association of the androgenic receptor (AR) CAG repeats with the risks of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCa).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We searched the major databases at home and abroad for the literature addressing the correlation of the AR gene CAG repeats with BPH and PCa. Based on the results of heterogeneity tests, we used the M-H fixed effect model and random effect model to pool the odds ratio (OR) effect size. We evaluated publication bias by Begg and Egger bias analysis, investigated the association of CAG repeats with the risks of BPH and PCa by systematic review, and stratified their relationship according to the races of the patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Based on the selection criteria, 4 of the 29 identified studies were included, with 485 cases of BPH, 767 cases of PCa, and 709 controls. There was no heterogeneity between the BPH and control groups, and no correlation between short CAG repeats and BPH after pooling the odds ratio (OR) effect size. Heterogeneity was found among the BPH, PCa and control groups. Random effects model suggested an association of short CAG repeats with the risk of PCa (OR(PCa/control) = 1.45, OR(PCa/BPH) = 1.86, OR(PCa/(BPH + control)) = 1.66), while subgroup analysis with racial stratification indicated inter-ethnic differences between the two. Begg and Egger bias analysis showed no significant publication bias.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Shorter CAG repeats are positively correlated with the risk of PCa but not with that of BPH.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Genetics , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Receptors, Androgen , Genetics , Trinucleotide Repeats
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 262-267, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284195

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the association between the common variations of TET2 (rs7679673, A), MTK2 (rs6465657, T) and FAM84B (rs12543663, C) genes and prostate cancer (Pca) risk in Chinese population in Beijing, and to understand the relationship between genotypes and phenotypes including clinical characteristics and life style, etc. in patients with prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on a case-control study, 124 patients with prostate cancer and 138 age-matched control subjects were recruited. Information of clinical phenotype and life style, etc. in the prostate cancer patients was collected. We compared the differences of allele and genotype frequencies of TET2 (rs7679673, A), LMTK2 (rs6465657, T) and FAM84B (rs12543663, C) gene expressions between the two groups for the allele and genotype frequencies, and explored the relationship between different genotypes and clinical features such as patient age, BMI, Gleason score, PSA level and tumor stage, by Chi-square test in patients with PCa. Multifactor dimensionality reduction was used to detect the gene-gene interactions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The FAM84B (rs12543663, C) C carriers frequency had significant difference between the case group and the control group (χ(2) = 3.980 P = 0.046; OR = 1.883; 95%CI = 1.006-3.526). The allele and genotype frequencies of TET2 gene (rs7679673, A) and LMTK2 gene (rs6465657, T) were not significantly different between the case group and the control group (P > 0.05). Analysis of the genotypes and clinical phenotypes showed that the genetic type of FAM84B C carriers [CX (CC + CA)] were significantly associated with cancer stage (χ(2) = 9.585; P = 0.002; OR = 3.740; 95%CI = 1.580 - 8.853). Association between three loci and 12 kind of relevant outcomes was found in TET2 A carriers and the smoking and drinking patients (all P < 0.05). Significant correlation was also found between LMTK2 (rs6465657, T) TX carriers and surgery (χ(2) = 8.612; P = 0.003; OR = 0.174; 95%CI 0.049 - 0.620). No significant correlation was seen with other covariates (P > 0.05). Dendrogram analysis among the three loci showed that the best model consisted of the three sites (P = 0.0270), cross validation consistency: 10/10, and testing balanced accuracy: 0.5120. There may be gene-gene interaction among TET2 (rs7679673, A), LMTK2 (rs6465657, T), and FAM84B (rs12543663, C).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There may be obvious association of FAM84B (rs12543663, C) gene with prostate cancer risk and the stages, and the synergistic effects of TET2 (rs7679673, A), LMTK2 (rs6465657, T) and FAM84B (rs12543663, C) genes may have an association with prostate cancer risk in Chinese population.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alcohol Drinking , Alleles , Asians , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Staging , Phenotype , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Risk Factors , Smoking
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1159-1163, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the characteristics of 'eating out' behavior among Chinese adults and to explore it related risk factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data in the present study was from the China Health and Nutrition Study(CHNS), including those from Liaoning, Henan and Hunan as sample provinces. 2 cities and 2 counties from each province and 2 urban communities and 2 suburban communities from each city plus communities from 1 township and 3 villages from each county were chosen. A final 1013 Chinese adults aged 18 to 59 years old who participated in the 2011 CHNS with complete individual information and were available in the present study period were involved in the study. 'Eating out behavior' was estimated through face-to-face interview on the items as:frequency, cost, ways of transportation and distance between restaurants, eating at fast food restaurants/Chinese full service restaurants/Chinese fast food restaurants/mobile food carts/cafes/canteens or other restaurants during the last week. Information on the amount of food intake was collected through three '24 h recalls'. We described the eating out behaviors by types of restaurants they had gone to and comparing eating out eaters and non-eating out eaters for a set of nutritional indicators in order to explore the risk factors related to 'eating out' behaviors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>'Eating out' was defined as individuals who consumed at least once in restaurants per week. In all the 1013 adults, 51.72% from urban and 39.14% from rural were defined as having 'eating out' experiences. Proportions of eating out in western fast food restaurants, Chinese full service restaurants, Chinese fast food restaurants, mobile food carts, cafes, canteens and other restaurants were 1.68%, 23.49%, 12.93%, 10.37%, 1.09%, 10.07% and 4.34%, respectively. Energy, Ca, Fe and Zn intake were substantially higher among eaters eating at Chinese full service restaurants than those who had not,Energy, protein, fibers, Ca and Zn intake were higher among canteens eaters than those who did not. Age, gender, education, income and residential areas were associated with eating out behaviors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Eating out is a significant nutritional issue among Chinese adults. Education related to nutrition should be taken into account to guide healthy food choices for adults who eat out.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , China , Diet Surveys , Feeding Behavior , Female , Humans , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Nutrition Surveys , Nutritional Status , Risk Factors , Rural Population
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3815-3820, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256636

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery radical prostatectomy (LESS-RP) is a challenging urological procedure and needs to be further evaluated. This study was undertaken to illustrate the safety and initial results of pure LESS-RP with conventional available instruments.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective clinical database was established in September 2010 to assess the outcome following the introduction of LESS-RP at our institution. By June 2012, six procedures had been performed. The mean patient age was 74.7 (74.0 - 76.0) years. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 23.8 (19.5 - 32.2) kg/m(2). The LESS-RP was preformed through an extra-peritoneal approach using single port access with QudaPort, 0° lens 5 mm flexible tip video-laparoscope and available conventional laparoscopic instruments. Parameters assessed were operative time, estimated blood loss, intra-operative complications, drainage time, postoperative pain score (visual analogue pain scale (VAPS), 0 - 10), pathological results, and postoperative prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LESS-RP was completed for all six cases without additional trocar placement or conversion to standard laparoscopic or open radical prostatectomy. The mean operative times were 252.5 (190.0 - 305.0) minutes, estimated blood loss was 300 (100 - 500 ml). There was no documentable intraoperative complication. The mean wound-drainage time was 5.2 (2.0 - 7.0) days, and the first postoperative day VAPS was 0.8 (0 - 3.0). Final pathological staging was pT2aN0M0 in four cases and pT2cN0M0 in two cases. Surgical margins were negative for all cases. The one-month post-operative PSA was less than 0.02 ng/ml in each case. All patients were continent without pad usage at 1 year postoperatively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The technique of pure LESS-RP is feasible and early outcomes are acceptable.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Laparoscopy , Methods , Male , Prospective Studies , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Prostatectomy , Methods , Prostatic Neoplasms , Blood , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 404-411, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286492

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association of prostate cancer (PCa) with PDLIM5 (rs17021918, T), SLC22A3 (rs9364554, C) and NKX3-1 (rs1512268, A) in Chinese men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We included 124 PCa patients and 138 normal controls in this study, compared the alleles and genotypes of PDLIM5 (rs17021918, T) , SLC22A3 (rs9364554, C) and NKX3-1 (rs1512268, A) of the two groups, and explored the association of each of the genes with the age, body mass index (BMI), Gleason score, PSA level and tumor stage of the patients. We analyzed the gene-gene interaction using the multifactor dimensionality reduction method (MDR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no statistically significant differences in the frequency distribution of the risk alleles and genotypes of PDLIM5, SLC22A3 and NKX3-1 between the case and control groups (P > 0.05), nor were the three gene loci significantly associated with the age, Gleason score, PSA level and pathological grade of the PCa patients (CP < 0.05). MDR analysis showed no interaction between PDLIM5 and NKX3-1, but tree-diagram analysis revealed a possible synergistic action of the two polymorphism loci.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PCa might not be associated with PDLIM5 (rs17021918,T), SLC22A3 (rs9364554,C) and NKX3-1 (rs1512268,A) in Chinese men. However, PDLIM5 and NKX3-1 might have a synergistic action on the risk PCa.</p>


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Genotype , Homeodomain Proteins , Genetics , Humans , LIM Domain Proteins , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Organic Cation Transport Proteins , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Risk Factors , Transcription Factors , Genetics
12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 682-687, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305807

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation of the common variant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) on chromosome 3 with the incidence and related risk factors of prostate cancer (PCa) in Chinese men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using the case-control meth- od, we included 124 PCa patients in the PCa group and 111 age- and gender-matched cancer-free healthy subjects as normal controls. We detected the distribution of allele and genotype frequencies of the SNP rs10934853 and rs2660753 with the polymerase chain reaction-high resolution melting curve (PCR-HRM) combined with gene sequencing, analyzed the cumulative effect of the risk genotypes of these two independent variants, and determined the correlation between different genotypes of these two SNPs and clinically related risk factors in the PCa patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As for the genotypes of rs10934853, there were 28 cases of AA (22.8%), 46 cases of CC (37.4%), and 49 cases of AC (39.8%) in the PCa patients, as compared with 24 (22.0%), 34 (31.2%) and 51 (46.8%) in the healthy controls. As regards the genotypes of rs2660753, there were 13 cases of AA (11.0%), 59 cases of GG (50.0%) and 46 cases of AG (39.0%) in the PCa patients, in comparison with 9 (8.8%), 47 (45.6%) and 47 (45.6%) in the controls. No significant differences were found in the distribution of the genotype and allele frequencies of rs10934853 and rs2660753 between the two groups (P = 0.520 & 0.582). Analysis on the cumulative effect of the risk genotypes of rs10934853 and rs2660753 showed a slightly higher risk of PCa (OR = 1.831 & 1.968) in the two groups with risk genotypes than in the one with wild types (P > 0.05). Different genotypes of rs10934853 and rs2660753 were not correlated with clinically related risk factors of the PCa patients (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SNP rs10934853 and rs2660753 on chromosome 3 are not obviously correlated with PCa in Chinese patients, and may not be a genetic risk factor of PCa.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alleles , Asians , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prostatic Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Genetics , Risk Factors
13.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 721-730, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294472

ABSTRACT

In European populations, 7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 17q, 3 SNPs on 17q12, and 4 SNPs on 17q24.3 were recently identified to be closely related to the risk of prostate cancer by a genome-wide association study. In Japanese populations, the correlation between 2 SNPs on 17q and the risk of prostate cancer and tumor aggressiveness was also confirmed by a large-scale experiment. However, whether 17q is associated with prostate cancer and its clinical manifestations in Chinese populations is still unknown. Therefore, we conducted a case-control study in a northern Chinese population and tested 2 SNPs, rs4430796 and rs1859962, on 17q in 124 prostate cancer patients and 111 controls using polymerase chain reaction-high resolution melting curve (PCR-HRM) combined with sequencing. We analyzed the association of the 2 SNPs with the risk of prostate cancer as well as patients' lifestyles, onset ages, Gleason scores, PSA levels, and pathologic stages. We found a significant difference in the G allele of SNP rs1859962 (P = 0.035, OR = 1.51, 95% CI = 1.03-2.21) but not in the rs4430796 genotype frequency or allele frequency distribution between prostate cancer patients and the controls (P > 0.05). Neither of the SNPs was significantly associated with the onset age, Gleason score, PSA level, pathologic stage, or other clinical indicators of patients with prostate cancer (P > 0.05). Our results show that polymorphism of the G allele of SNP rs1859962 is associated with the risk of prostate cancer in a Chinese population.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asians , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Staging , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Risk Factors
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 611-613, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313074

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes of the main clinic parameters in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) treated by watchful waiting and to find out the risk factors contributing the progress of BPH. Methods According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 61 patients diagnosed as BPH were recruited in the group of watchful waiting. Data on IPSS, prostate volume, prostate specific antigen(PSA), maxium flow rate, average flow rate and residual urine volume during follow-up period of 24 months, were recorded. Results At 0, 12, 24 months, the IPSS, prostate volume (ml), PSA(ng/ml),maxium flow rate (ml/s) were 7±4, 4±3, 4±3 ; 33.0±9.0, 33.8±7.6, 30.9±6.8 ; 1.53±1.35,1.43±0.95, 1.22±0.99; 17.1±5.0, 17.2±6.1, 19.2±8.0, respectively. At the end of the 24-months follow-up, all observed parameters had a little improvement except the average prostate volume in this group. Of the 61 patients, 42(62%) progressed slowly or became better when comparing with baseline data of the study. Moreover, the difference between at 24-month and at baseline period, IPSS showed statistical significance (P<0.0001) in t test. In the study of BPH progression risk factors by logistic regression analysis, prostate volume( P = 0. 0910) and residual urine volume( P = 0. 0780) showed a trend of becoming the risk factors. Conclusion Our study showed that patients treated with watchful waiting had slow progression and majority of these patients did not need to alter their treatment options.Through data analysis, we noticed that the changes of data watchful waiting patients could help us to choose more precise and reasonable treatment option in clinical pratice.[ Key words ] Benign prostate hyperplasia; Prostate volume; Residual urine; Watchful waiting;Follow-up

15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1879-1881, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275928

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficiency and safety of transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy for the treatment of adrenal tumors and to describe surgical technique and management of intraoperative complications.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 2002 to April 2008, 24 male and 44 female consecutive patients with average age (53.4 +/- 12.1) years old were treated with transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy because of adrenal tumors. Of the patients, 27 cases had right adrenal tumors, 39 cases had left adrenal tumors and 2 cases had bilateral adrenal tumors. The average tumor size was (2.9 +/- 2.0) cm with the maximal diameter of 10 cm. We evaluated this technique in respect of operating time, estimated blood loss, complications during surgery, postoperative complications, duration of hospital stay and pathological results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the surgeries had been completed successfully without conversion to open surgery. The average operating time was (157.7 +/- 51.5) min, the average estimated blood loss was (68.1 +/- 54.2) ml. No major complication happened during operation. The average drainage time was (2.6 +/- 1.5) days. The average post-operative hospital stay was (8.7 +/- 4.3) days. Four cases (6.0%) developed surgical field liquefaction and 2 cases (2.9%) experienced delayed closure of the drainage wound.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy is feasible and safe in the treatment of adrenal tumor with low risk of intra-operative and post-operative complication.</p>


Subject(s)
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms , General Surgery , Adrenalectomy , Methods , Adult , Aged , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Laparoscopy , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2042-2045, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350755

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The enlarged prostate leads to obstruction and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), which comprise frequency, urgency, weak stream, straining and nocturia. This study was conducted in a large series of patients to evaluate the relationship between LUTS as stipulated in the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the objective parameters related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We enrolled 1295 BPH patients from seven centers. The patients were either at first diagnosis of BPH or had discontinued medical treatment for at least 3 months. Those with several other diseases that may be potential risk factors affecting urinary symptoms were excluded from the study. Age, IPSS, prostate volume, peak flow rate, urine volume and post-voiding residual urine volume were measured. The relationship between IPSS and objective parameters were quantified by means of Spearman correlation coefficients. The differences in these parameters between the groups with mild, moderate or severe symptoms were also evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Statistically significant correlations were found between IPSS and objective parameters by means of Spearman correlation coefficients. When the patients were divided into three groups with different severities of symptoms, there were significant differences in peak flow rate, urine volume, prostate volume, residue urine volume and quality of life, whereas average age and prostate-specific antigen levels were similar. However, there was evident overlap of these parameters between the groups. The same results were found when the irritative or obstructive subscore of IPSS was considered.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The correlation between objective parameters of BPH and LUTS is significant. However, it is hard to predict the severity of symptoms by these parameters.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Diagnosis , Psychology , Quality of Life , Urination Disorders
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676157

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the safety and effectiveness of photoselective green-light laser vaporization of the prostate(PVP)in treatment of large prostate with volume more than 80 ml. Methods Retrospective analysis was performed in 25 benign prostatic hypertrophy patients undergoing the PVP treatment,whose prostate volume was more than 80 ml.Results Twenty-five patients with prostate mean volume of 151.8(84.0-270.0)ml were treated by PVP and 23 cases were finished successfully.One operation was suspended because of bleeding and the other because of damaging orifice.No blood transfusion was needed and no“transurethral resection(TUR)syndrome”happened.Five cases had acute retention and 2 of them needed second PVP.In a mean of 7.9(3.0- 12.0)months follow-up,maximal urinary flow rate(Qmax),international prostate symptom score (IPSS),quality of life score(QOL),and prostate-specific antigen(PSA)level were improved significantly.The volume of prostate reduced after PVP than before PVP but no significant difference was found.Conclusions PVP is feasible in treating large prostate even the volume is more than 80 ml,although it needs better skill.Catheterization for some time is helpful in reducing the incidence of early postoperative acute urinary retention.

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