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Medical Education ; : 55-63, 2011.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374433


Cardiac patient simulators are commonly used in Japanese educational institutions; however, most institutions have not established concrete learning objectives or strategies for mastering physical examination of the circulatory system, including cardiac auscultation. In this study, we propose clear learning objectives and strategies for simulator practice for fifth-year medical students who have passed the objective structured clinical examination, and explored their educational effectiveness.<br>1)The subjects were fifth-year medical students (n=94) at the University of Miyazaki. Learning objectives were the mastery of the sequential physical examination and the ability to distinguish 6 cardiac findings, including normal status. The subjects were evaluated with a checklist before and after lectures and simulator practice.<br>2)The mean score (maximum score=14) significantly increased from before simulator practice (2.2±0.9) to after simulator practice (11.4±1.5; p<0.001). There was no difference in scores after practice among the cardiac diseases.<br>3)Before practice more than 50% of subjects could use a stethoscope on only right positions and could indicate only the maximum point of a cardiac murmur; in contrast, after practice more than 90% of the subjects could sequentially describe physical findings and accurately predict cardiac diseases.<br>4)In a questionnaire administered after practice, 83% of the subjects answered that all physicians should acquire proficiency in cardiac auscultation regardless of their specialty.<br>Simulator practice with clear learning objectives may help improve clinical examination skills when both time and human resources are limited. The reevaluation of the program's continuing educational effectiveness and the establishment of an iterative learning program will be needed.

Medical Education ; : 259-265, 2010.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-363012


The promotion of clinical research in Japan requires the establishment of a formal and systematic education and training program for clinicians to ensure they become effective clinician investigators. The first of its kind in Japan, a formal 1-year masters-degree-level training program (MCR course) was started at Kyoto University School of Medicine and Public Health. The first 28 students graduated in 2008, with most returning to their original clinical institutions. <br>1) As follow-up, we conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey of all 28 graduates (response rate, 86%) concerning the current status of clinical research and problems encountered at their institutions.<br>2) Almost 40% of respondents (n=24) reported &quot;no time&quot; or &quot;no research collaborators&quot; for clinical research.<br>3) Twenty respondents (83%) have attempted to promote clinical research at their hospital or workplace, but only 1 has received institutional support.<br>4) Over half of the respondents (54%) would like to be working in both clinical research and clinical practice at their hospital in the future (10-year timescale). Forty-two percent of respondents had a concrete image of the clinical researcher's career path. <br>5) Although open to improvement, the MCR program presents a concrete model for the education of clinical researchers. These findings suggest that promoting the conduct of clinical research requires the implementation of a support system and adjustment of personal and physical infrastructure.