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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008696

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to provide scientific evidence for predicting quality markers(Q-markers) of Elephantopus scaber by establishing UPLC fingerprint of E. scaber from different geographical origins and determining the content of 13 major components, as well as conducting in vitro anti-cancer activity investigation of the main components. The chromatographic column used was Waters CORTECS UPLC C_(18)(2.1 mm×150 mm, 1.6 μm), and the mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid solution(gradient elution). The column temperature was set at 30 ℃, and the flow rate was 0.2 mL·min~(-1). The injection volume was 1 μL, and the detection wavelength was 240 nm. The UPLC fingerprint of E. scaber was fitted using the Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012 edition) to determine common peaks, evaluate similarity, identify and determine the content of major components. The CCK-8 assay was used to explore the inhibitory effect of the main components on the proliferation of lung cancer cells. The results showed that in the established UPLC fingerprint of E. scaber, 35 common peaks were identified. Thirteen major components, including neochlorogenic acid(peak 1), chlorogenic acid(peak 2), cryptochlorogenic acid(peak 3), caffeic acid(peak 4), schaftoside(peak 6), galuteolin(peak 9), isochlorogenic acid B(peak 10), isochlorogenic acid A(peak 12), isochlorogenic acid C(peak 18), deoxyelephantopin(peak 28), isodeoxyelephantopin(peak 29), isoscabertopin(peak 31), and scabertopin(peak 32) were identified and quantified, and a quantitative analysis method was established. The results of the in vitro anti-cancer activity study showed that deoxyelephantopin, isodeoxyelephantopin, isoscabertopin, and scabertopin in E. scaber exhibited inhibition rates of lung cancer cell proliferation exceeding 80% at a concentration of 10 μmol·L~(-1), higher than the positive drug paclitaxel. These results indicate that the fingerprint of E. scaber is highly characteristic, and the quantitative analysis method is accurate and stable, providing references for the research on quality standards of E. scaber. Four sesquiterpene lactones in E. scaber show significant anti-cancer activity and can serve as Q-markers for E. scaber.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Asteraceae/chemistry , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy
2.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 28-33,C1-4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992914

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and clinical significance of decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) and its signal pathway-related molecules in PBMCs of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).Methods:Peripheral blood samples, clinical data and laboratory test results were collected from 100 patients with ankylosing spondylitis [50 patients with AS activity (ASA), 50 patients with AS stability (ASS)], 30 patients with osteoarthritis and 30 patients with gouty arthritis (as disease control group), and 60 healthy controls (HC). The mRNA expression levels of DcR3 and its signal pathway related genes (DR3, TL1A, Fas, FasL, LIGHT, LIGHTR, LTβR) were measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Measurement data among the three groups in normal distribution were analyzed by t test or one-way analysis of variance, pairwise comparisons using LSD- t test, non-normal distribution data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney test or Kruskal-Wallis H test, χ2 test was used for correlation analysis of categorical variables. Correlation analysis between variables were analyzed using Spearman correlation analysis. Results:① By comparing the AS group, disease control group and HC group, the expression levels of DcR3 mRNA and DR3 mRNA in the AS group were lower than those in disease control group and HC group, and DcR3 mRNA and DR3 mRNA in disease control group were lower than those in the HC group {DcR3mRNA: [6.21 (3.89, 10.70)]×10 -4vs [9.51 (5.89, 16.65)]×10 -4vs [17.81 (11.27, 24.20)]×10 -4, H=55.28, P<0.001; DR3 mRNA: [41.05 (24.09, 66.95)]×10 -4vs [58.28 (28.41, 94.38)]×10 -4vs [94.79 (54.07, 144.51)]×10 -4, H=37.10, P<0.001}. The expression level of TL1A mRNA in the AS group was higher than that in disease control group {[14.71(4.91, 42.22)]×10 -4vs [4.00(1.07, 16.60)]×10 -4vs [7.70 (3.52, 27.83)]×10 -4, H=17.71, P<0.001}; The expression level of Fas mRNA in AS group and disease control group was lower than that in HC group {[20.99(4.63, 62.89)]×10 -4vs [23.97(15.82, 38.99)]×10 -4vs [78.45 (27.32, 146.46)]×10 -4, H=31.17, P<0.001}. The expression level of FasL mRNA in AS group was higher than that in disease control group and HC group {[42.87(6.57, 91.21)]×10 -4vs [5.45(2.83, 10.32)]×10 -4vs [6.88 (4.57, 23.79)]×10 -4, H=46.42, P<0.001}. The expression level of LIGHTR mRNA in AS group was lower than that in disease control group {[52.66 (7.20, 143.21)]×10 -4vs [98.80 (53.11, 166.24)]×10 -4vs [63.47(40.85, 138.07)]×10 -4, H=11.96, P<0.001}. There were no significant differences in LIGHT mRNA and LTβR mRNA among all groups ( H=0.86, P>0.05; H=3.18, P>0.05). ②The expression levels of DcR3 mRNA, DR3 mRNA and Fas mRNA in ASA group and ASS group were lower than those in HC group. DcR3 mRNA in ASA group was higher than that in ASS group, and DR3 mRNA in ASA group was lower than that in ASS group {DcR3 mRNA: [7.28 (4.92, 16.56)]×10 -4vs [4.59 (2.49, 7.03)]×10 -4vs [17.81 (11.27, 24.20)]×10 -4, H=62.63, P<0.001; DR3 mRNA: [30.93(16.18, 66.66)]×10 -4vs [47.17(29.91, 67.40)]×10 -4vs [94.79(54.07, 144.51)]×10 -4, H=41.48, P<0.001; Fas mRNA: [20.04(3.29, 62.30)]×10 -4vs [22.49(5.63, 64.79)]×10 -4vs [78.45(27.32, 146.46)]×10 -4, H=23.54, P<0.001}. The expression levels of TL1A mRNA and LTβR mRNA in the ASA group were higher than those in the ASS group and the HC group {TL1A mRNA: [32.36(10.09, 97.84)]×10 -4vs [9.98(1.29, 21.63)]×10 -4vs [7.70(3.52,27.83)]×10 -4, H=21.14, P<0.001; LTβR mRNA: [6.13(2.16,20.06)×10 -4vs [2.13(0.53,8.04)]×10 -4vs [2.72 (1.24,5.73)]×10 -4, H=12.86, P<0.001}. The expression level of FasL mRNA in the ASA group and the ASS group was higher than that in the HC group {[60.70 (8.16, 106.16)]×10 -4vs [30.14 (5.37, 78.40)]×10 -4vs [6.88 (4.57, 23.79)]×10 -4, H=18.99, P<0.001}. The expression level of LIGHTR mRNA in ASS group was lower than that in HC group {[49.79(10.75, 168.48)]×10 -4vs [15.92(3.27, 105.91)]×10 -4vs [63.47(40.85, 138.07)]×10 -4, H=11.80, P<0.001]. There was no significant difference in LIGHT mRNA among all groups ( H=4.15, P>0.05). ③Spearman correlation analysis showed that DcR3 level was positively correlated with BASDAI score and hsCRP in AS patients ( r=0.52, P<0.001; r=0.35, P<0.01), and DR3 level was negatively correlated with BASDAI score, ESR and hsCRP level ( r=-0.28, P<0.001; r=-0.25, P<0.001; r=-0.31, P<0.001). TL1A was positively correlated with BASDAI score, ESR and hsCRP level ( r=0.23, P=0.046; r=0.26, P=0.015; r=0.25, P=0.017). Conclusion:DcR3 and its signal pathway-related molecules are differentially expressed in PBMCs of patients with AS, suggesting that they may participate in the occurrence and development of AS.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992884

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the establishment and application of ovarian cancer organoids.Methods:Fresh ovarian tumor tissues, obtaining from patients underwent surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between October 2021 and March 2022, were collected, enzymatic degraded, digested, and embedded into matrigel to establish organoids. A total of 32 ovarian cancer samples were collected. Hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining and immunofluorescence (IF) procedure were used to verify the morphological structure of organoids and their expression of molecular markers. 3D cyto-live or dead assay was used to detecte the live or dead cells in organoids. Carboplatin with a concentration ranging from 5 to 80 μmol/L (5, 10, 20, 40, 80 μmol/L) was added to organoids to calculate the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC 50) in different organoids. Results:(1) Organoids from a total of 32 patients were established, of which 18 cases could be passaged stably in the long term in vitro, while 14 could be passaged in the short time. The average amplification time of long-term passage in vitro was over 3 months, and the longest reached 9 months. (2) In HE staining, significant nuclei atypia and local micropapillary structures were observed in organoids. IF staining revealed that ovarian cancer organoids expressed molecular markers similar to primary tumor tissues, such as Pan cytokeratin (Pan-CK), p53, paired box gene 8 (PAX8), and Wilms tumor gene 1 (WT1). (3) In 3D cyto-live or dead assay, a large number of apoptotic cells were observed inside and around the organoids after added carboplatin. The sensitivity to carboplatin varied in 18 organoids could amplify in the long term, with an average IC 50 of (29.5±15.8) μmol/L. Moreover, IC 50 values of 4 organoids derived from patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were much higher than the 14 organoids which did not received neoadjuvant chemotherapy [(48.7±11.3) μmol/L vs (24.0±12.1) μmol/L; t=3.429, P=0.022]. Conclusions:Organoids recapitulate ovarian cancers in vitro and could be stably passaged. Organoids derived from patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy have higher resistance to carboplatin.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the role of Huaiqihuang Granules (HQ) in the long-term management of bronchial asthma in young children, and the effective effect on concomitant rhinitis.Methods:A prospective real-world multicenter study was conducted in children aged 2-5 years with asthma diagnosed in the outpatient department (from April 2016 to March 2019)who received either inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA)(control group); inhaled ICS/LTRA plus HQ(combination group), or HQ alone(HQ group). All patients were followed up at week 4, 8, 12 after treatment. The number of days with asthma symptoms, the frequency of severe asthma attacks, the level of asthma control, and the days with rhinitis symptoms in the last 4 weeks were recorded. Differences before and after treatment, and those among groups after treatment were compared using Kruskal- Wallis H test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results:A total of 2 234 eligible patients were recruited, and 2 147 cases completed followed-up visits, including 477, 1 374 and 296 cases in the control group, combination group, and HQ group, respectively. After the treatment, all 3 groups showed significant declines in the days with asthma symptoms, frequency of severe asthma attack and the days with rhinitis symptoms (all P<0.01), and the rate of well-controlled asthma increased significantly ( P<0.01). It lasted until the end of follow-up. Among groups, patients in the combination group showed significantly less days of asthma symptoms than those of the other 2 group at week 8 and 12[0(0, 0.9) d vs.0(0, 0.3) d, P<0.05; 0(0, 0.1) d vs. 0(0, 1.0) d, P<0.01]. Patients in the combination group and HQ group showed a significantly lower rate of severe asthma attacks than that of the control group at week 12 [0(0, 1), 0(0, 1), 0(0, 2), all P<0.05]. The well-controlled rate of asthma in the combination group was significantly higher than that of the control group and HQ group at week 8 and 12 (89.6% vs. 85.9% vs.82.1%, H=15.28; 90.9% vs. 84.1% vs. 81.8%, χ2=29.32, all P<0.01). Conclusions:HQ can significantly alleviate symptoms of asthma and rhinitis, severe attack of asthma, and increase the control rate of asthma when used as an additional treatment or used alone.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989986

ABSTRACT

China has classified the Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19) as a statutory category B infectious disease and managed it according to Category B since January 8, 2023.In view that Omicron variant is currently the main epidemic strain in China, in order to guide the treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) infection in children with the times, refer to the Diagnosis and Treatment Protocol for Novel Coronavirus Infection (Trial 10 th Edition), Expert Consensus on Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Novel Coronavirus Infection in Children (Fourth Edition) and the Diagnosis and Treatment Strategy for Pediatric Related Viral Infections.The Expert Consensus on the Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Novel Coronavirus Infection in Children (Fifth Edition) has been formulated and updated accordingly on related etiology, epidemiology, pathogenic mechanism, clinical manifestations, auxiliary examination, diagnosis and treatment, and added key points for the treatment of COVID-19 related encephalopathy, fulminating myocarditis and other serious complications for clinical reference.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 223-229,F3, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) alfa-2b combined with nucleotide analogues (NAs) on the recurrence of hepatitis B-related liver cancer after resection, and to explore the changes of HBsAg and HBV DNA in patients with chronic hepatitis B liver cancer during postoperative treatment.Methods:The prospective study was conducted. Clinical data of 43 patients with hepatitis B-related liver cancer who underwent radical resection treated in 900th Hospital of People′s Liberation Army were prospectively analyzed from January 2020 to December 2021. Among 43 patients, there were 39 males and 4 females, the age was 30-76 years. According to different treatment methods they were divided into two groups, the patients treated by Peg-IFN alfa-2b combined with NAs were devided into the IFN group( n=10), and those treated by NAs alone into the NAs group( n=33). Two-pair semi-quantitative were collected every 3 months after operation. The recurrence-free survival rate, recurrence time after 2 years in the two groups, the clearance rate and the negative rate of HBsAg and HBV DNA in the two groups. Peg-IFN alfa-2b was evaluated in improving the prognosis of hepatitis B-related liver cancer. The measurement data of normal distribution were expressed by mean±standard deviation ( ± s), and t-test was used for comparison between the two groups. Chi-square test was used for comparison between the two groups of count data. Repeated analysis of measurement variance was used for analysis HBsAg and HBV DNA changes of the interferon group overall survival time and recurrence-free surrival time of patients was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method and the difference between groups was assessed using Log-rank test. Results:HBsAg and HBV DNA: The HBsAg clearance rate at 24 weeks and that at 48 weeks in the IFN group were 24.6% and 59.0% respectively. The HBsAg negative rate at 48 weeks was 16.7%. The HBV DNA clearance rate at 24 weeks and that at 48 weeks were 33.9% and 53.8% respectively. The HBV DNA negative rate was 0 at 48 weeks. The levels of HBsAg and HBV DNA in the IFN group decreased gradually with time. There were statistically differences between the levels of HBsAg and HBV DNA at 0 weeks, 24 weeks and 48 weeks( P<0.05). The 2-year overall survival rates of IFN group and NAs group were 100% and 90.9% respectively. The 2-year recurrence-free survival rates were 90.0% and 63.6% respectively. There were no significant statistical differences in the overall survival rate and recurrence-free survival rate between the groups ( P>0.05). The postoperative recurrence time of the IFN group and the NAs group were (15.00±7.07) months and (5.78±3.39) months respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=3.160, P<0.01). Conclusion:Long-term antiviral therapy of Peg-IFN alfa-2b combined with NAs can prolong the recurrence time of liver cancer, reduce the levels of HBsAg and HBV DNA in serum, and potentially improve the survival rate of the patients compared with therapy of NAs alone.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1464-1467, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997177

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current status of obesity and high blood pressure (HBP) comorbidity and their multidimensional influencing factors in children aged 7-12 years in Xiamen, so as to provide reference basis for subsequent preventive measures.@*Methods@#Based on the baseline survey of the Xiamen pubertal development cohort in 2017, a total of 4 798 primary school students from second to sixth grade were selected in the study by cluster random sampling method. And physical examination and questionnaires were conducted. The Logistic regression was used to screen potential variables for obesity combined with HBP. A multivariate Logistic regression model was used to analyse the factors influencing obesity combined with HBP.@*Results@#About 9.15 % children were found with obesity and 11.65% with HBP. The rate of obesity combined with HBP was 3.00% in boys and 1.80 % in girls. The rate of HBP was 8.28% in normal weight children and 26.88% in obese children. Multivariate Logistic regression models showed that consumption of sugary drinks at least once a week ( OR =2.50), daily consumption of salted or pickled vegetables ( OR =4.52), family history of obesity ( OR =3.09) were positively associated with obesity combined with HBP ( P <0.05). Girls ( OR =0.53), consumption of highenergy snacks at least once a week ( OR =0.40) and adequate physical activity ( OR =0.58) were negatively associated with comorbidity of obesity and HBP ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Gender differences in comorbidity burden of obesity and HBP exist among children aged 7-12 years in Xiamen. Dietary behaviour and exercise behaviour are the main dimensions influencing the comorbidity of obesity and HBP. Prevention and control of obesity and HBP in children should be based on multiple dimensions, including diet and exercise behavioural environment, to prevent early the occurrence for comorbidity of obesity and HBP in children.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996968

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To summarize the effectiveness of Bentall procedure through the right anterior mini-incision. Methods    The clinical data of patients who underwent Bentall via right anterior mini-incision from September 2020 to September 2021 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University were retrospectively analyzed. Results    A total of 14 males with an average age of 55.1±9.3 years and body mass index of 24.7±2.8 kg/m2 were enrolled. The cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time was 185.6±32.9 min, the aortic cross-clamping (ACC) time was 144.8±30.3 min, the ventilation time was 18.1±13.5 h, the time in the intensive care unit was 3.7±1.8 d, and the hospital stay time was 13.4±1.6 d. Postoperative complications occurred in 5 patients: 3 patients of pleural effusion, 1 patient of pericardial effusion and 1 patient of postoperative bleeding with secondary thoracotomy hemostasis. The median follow-up time was 4 (2, 6) months. There was no mortality in the hospital or during the follow-up. As for the learning curve, the ACC time, CPB time and operation time were significantly shortened after four cases (P<0.05). Conclusion    The right anterior mini-incision for Bentall operation is safe and effective, and has clinical value.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 573-577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965779

ABSTRACT

Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of the ocular surface characterized by a loss of homeostasis of the tear film, and accompanied by ocular symptoms. In recent years, the incidence of dry eye has been increasing year by year, and the diagnosis and treatment of dry eye are constantly evolving and innovating. However, due to the corresponding drawbacks of traditional examination methods and the lack of a large number of clinical trial studies on new examination methods, there is still no unified standard for the diagnosis and treatment of dry eye. In this review, we have performed a broad search for articles discussing different examination methods for dry eye, including promising diagnostic tools and technique, the latest advances, and contradictions, in order to provide a review of dry eye examination methods including the tear volume, the tear film, the eyelid and meibomian gland, and the degree of damage to the epithelial cells of the ocular surface, and provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of dry eye.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 616-628, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965629

ABSTRACT

From the process of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) invading cells, the combination of gp120 and CD4 is the first step for HIV-1 to invade cells. Interfering with this process can prevent HIV from recognizing target cells and inhibit virus replication. Therefore, HIV-1 gp120 is an important part of the HIV-1 life cycle. Fostesavir, a phosphatate prodrug derived from the gp120 inhibitor BMS-626529 modified by the prodrug strategy, was approved for the treatment of adult patients with multidrug resistant HIV-1 infection by the US FDA and the European Medicines Agency in 2020 and 2021, respectively. In this review, we focus on the research progress of small molecule inhibitors targeting the interaction of gp120-CD4 from the perspective of medicinal chemistry, in order to provide reference for the subsequent research of gp120 inhibitors.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1153-1157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976487

ABSTRACT

Many studies have confirmed that gut microbiota plays a pivotal role in human health. It affects multiple organ systems other than the digestive tract. The bidirectional communication between the microbiota and the human body is finely orchestrated by different systems, including the nervous, immune, and endocrine systems. Moreover, intestinal flora imbalance plays an important role in the occurrence and development of ocular diseases such as glaucoma, uveitis, diabetic retinopathy, and age-related macular degeneration. Multiple microbiota and related metabolite(involving both microbe and host)both impact ocular diseases in animal models and demonstrate striking associations in clinical studies. Therefore, modulation of gut microbiota and metabolite may be beneficial for the maintenance of ocular homeostasis and the treatment of related ocular diseases. This article reviews the recent progress in the studies on relationship between intestinal microorganisms and several common ocular diseases, providing therapeutic targets for potential translational investigations within this research field.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016027

ABSTRACT

Background: ZNF460 is a member of the zinc finger protein family transcription factors, and is involved in the regulation of a variety of cellular functions. It has been demonstrated to be closely related to digestive system cancers. Aims: To analyze the expression level of ZNF460 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and explore the effect and potential mechanisms of ZNF460 on tumor cell proliferation. Methods: Immunohistochemical staining was used to determine the expression level of ZNF460 in tissue microarray of 76 HCC and paired adjacent tissues, and the correlation between ZNF460 expression and TNM staging was analyzed. The effect of ZNF460 on HCC cell proliferation was evaluated by CCK‑ 8 and colony formation assays. Genes positively related to ZNF460 expression in HCC were screened through LinkedOmics database, and the KEGG and GSEA pathway enrichment analyses were performed; the possible downstream molecules of ZNF460 were explored and verified by overexpression or knockdown of ZNF460 in HCC cells combined with luciferase reporter assay and other experiments. Results: ZNF460 was highly expressed in HCC and was positively correlated with TNM staging. ZNF460 promoted the proliferation of HCC cells, and the underlying mechanism might be associated with the transcriptional activation of ZDHHC7, the coding gene of palmitoyl transferase DHHC7 and the subsequent STAT3 palmitoylation and phosphorylation. Conclusions: ZNF460 is highly expressed in HCC and promotes cell proliferation and tumor progression via STAT3 activation. It might be a promising molecular marker and therapeutic target for HCC.

13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1749-1761, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010616

ABSTRACT

Integrating multisensory inputs to generate accurate perception and guide behavior is among the most critical functions of the brain. Subcortical regions such as the amygdala are involved in sensory processing including vision and audition, yet their roles in multisensory integration remain unclear. In this study, we systematically investigated the function of neurons in the amygdala and adjacent regions in integrating audiovisual sensory inputs using a semi-chronic multi-electrode array and multiple combinations of audiovisual stimuli. From a sample of 332 neurons, we showed the diverse response patterns to audiovisual stimuli and the neural characteristics of bimodal over unimodal modulation, which could be classified into four types with differentiated regional origins. Using the hierarchical clustering method, neurons were further clustered into five groups and associated with different integrating functions and sub-regions. Finally, regions distinguishing congruent and incongruent bimodal sensory inputs were identified. Overall, visual processing dominates audiovisual integration in the amygdala and adjacent regions. Our findings shed new light on the neural mechanisms of multisensory integration in the primate brain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Macaca , Acoustic Stimulation , Auditory Perception/physiology , Visual Perception/physiology , Amygdala/physiology , Photic Stimulation
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the risk factors for death in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) using artificial intelligence (AI) technology and establish a risk prediction model.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of NPC patients obtained from SEER database (1973-2015). The patients were randomly divided into model building and verification group at a 7∶3 ratio. Based on the data in the model building group, R software was used to identify the risk factors for death in NPC patients using 4 AI algorithms, namely eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost), Decision Tree (DT), Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and random forest (RF), and a risk prediction model was constructed based on the risk factor identified. The C-Index, decision curve analysis (DCA), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calibration curve (CC) were used for internal validation of the model; the data in the validation group and clinical data of 96 NPC patients (collected from First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College) were used for internal and external validation of the model.@*RESULTS@#The clinical data of a total of 2116 NPC patients were included (1484 in model building group and 632 in verification group). Risk factor screening showed that age, race, gender, stage M, stage T, and stage N were all risk factors of death in NPC patients. The risk prediction model for NPC-related death constructed based on these factors had a C-index of 0.76 for internal evaluation, an AUC of 0.74 and a net benefit rate of DCA of 9%-93%. The C-index of the model in internal verification was 0.740 with an AUC of 0.749 and a net benefit rate of DCA of 3%-89%, suggesting a high consistency of the two calibration curves. In external verification, the C-index of this model was 0.943 with a net benefit rate of DCA of 3%-97% and an AUC of 0.851, and the predicted value was consistent with the actual value.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Gender, age, race and TNM stage are risk factors of death of NPC patients, and the risk prediction model based on these factors can accurately predict the risks of death in NPC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Artificial Intelligence , Algorithms , Software
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971470

ABSTRACT

Melatonin receptor 1B (MT2, encoded by the MTNR1B gene), a high-affinity receptor for melatonin, is associated with glucose homeostasis including glucose uptake and transport. The rs10830963 variant in the MTNR1B gene is linked to glucose metabolism disorders including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM); however, the relationship between MT2-mediated melatonin signaling and a high birth weight of GDM infants from maternal glucose abnormality remains poorly understood. This article aims to investigate the relationship between rs10830963 variants and GDM development, as well as the effects of MT2 receptor on glucose uptake and transport in trophoblasts. TaqMan-MGB (minor groove binder) probe quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays were used for rs10930963 genotyping. MT2 expression in the placenta of GDM and normal pregnant women was detected by immunofluorescence, western blot, and qPCR. The relationship between MT2 and glucose transporters (GLUTs) or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) was established by western blot, and glucose consumption of trophoblasts was measured by a glucose assay kit. The results showed that the genotype and allele frequencies of rs10830963 were significantly different between GDM and normal pregnant women (P<0.05). The fasting, 1-h and 2-h plasma glucose levels of G-allele carriers were significantly higher than those of C-allele carriers (P<0.05). Besides, the protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of MT2 in the placenta of GDM was significantly higher than that of normal pregnant women (P<0.05). Melatonin could stimulate glucose uptake and GLUT4 and PPARγ protein expression in trophoblasts, which could be attenuated by MT2 receptor knockdown. In conclusion, the rs10830963 variant was associated with an increased risk of GDM. The MT2 receptor is essential for melatonin to raise glucose uptake and transport, which may be mediated by PPARγ.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Diabetes, Gestational/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism , Melatonin/metabolism , Polymorphism, Genetic , PPAR gamma , Receptor, Melatonin, MT2/genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970529

ABSTRACT

This paper introduced the overview of the "eight trends" of Chinese medicinal materials(CMM) industry in 2021, analyzed the problems of CMM production, and put forward development suggestions. Specifically, "eight trends" could be summarized as follows.(1) The growing area of CMM tended to be stable, and some provinces began to release the local catalog of Dao-di herbs.(2) The protection process of new varieties accelerated, and a number of excellent varieties were bred.(3) The theory of ecological cultivation was further enriched, and the demonstration effect of ecological cultivation technology was prominent.(4) Some CMM realized complete mechanization and formed typical model cases.(5) The number of cultivation bases using the traceability platform increased, and provincial internet trading platforms were set up.(6) The construction of CMM industrial clusters accelerated, and the number of provincial-level regional brands increased rapidly.(7) Many new agricultural business entities were founded nationwide, and a variety of methods were used to drive the intensified development of CMM.(8) A number of local TCM laws were promulgated, and the management regulation of food and medicine homology substances catalogs was issued. On this basis, four suggestions for CMM production were proposed.(1) It is suggested to speed up the formulation of the national catalog of Dao-di herbs and carry out the certification of Dao-di herbs production bases.(2) Ecological planting of forest and grassland medicine should be further strengthened in terms of technical research and promotion based on the principle of ecological priority.(3) The basic work of disaster prevention should be paid more attention and technical measures for disaster mitigation should be developed.(4) The planted area of commonly used CMM should be incorporated into the national regular statistical system.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Certification , Commerce , Industry , China
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 251-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970187

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of digestive system with poor prognosis,and surgical resection is still the only hope for a radical cure. Although the current consensus and guidelines describe in detail the standard and extended range of lymph node dissection,the selection of specific range of lymph node dissection and its impact on prognosis are still controversial. Current studies have not only proposed some improved extent of lymph node dissection, such as total mesopancreas excision and Heidelberg triangle dissection, but also suggested different extent of lymph node dissection for ventral and dorsal pancreatic head cancer. In addition, the prognosis of pancreatic head cancer in uncinate process and non-uncinate process is different after para-aortic lymph node dissection, which is worthy of further study. Neoadjuvant therapy or conversion therapy provides more surgical opportunities for patients with pancreatic cancer. For these patients, Heidelberg triangle dissection has potential value in improving prognosis. This paper summarizes the exploration and latest progress of standard and extended lymph node dissection, lymph node dissection of specific site of pancreatic head cancer and the extent of lymph node dissection after neoadjuvant/transformation therapy in recent years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Pancreas/pathology , Prognosis
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009185

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the feasibility of S2 alar iliac screw insertion in Chinese children using computerized three-dimension reconstruction and simulated screw placement technique, and to optimize the measurement of screw parameters.@*METHODS@#A total of 83 pelvic CT data of children who underwent pelvic CT scan December 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, excluding fractures, deformities, and tumors. There were 44 boys and 39 girls, with an average age of (10.66±3.52) years, and were divided into 4 groups based on age (group A:5 to 7 years old;group B:8 to 10 years old;group C:11-13 years old;group D:14 to 16 years old). The original CT data obtained were imported into Mimics software, and the bony structure of the pelvis was reconstructed, and the maximum and minimum cranial angles of the screws were simulated in the three-dimensional view with the placement of 6.5 mm diameter S2 alar iliac screws. Subsequently, the coronal angle, sagittal angle, transverse angle, total length of the screw, length of the screw in the sacrum, width of the iliac, and distance of the entry point from the skin were measured in 3-Matic software at the maximum and minimum head tilt angles, respectively. The differences among the screw parameters of S2 alar iliac screws in children of different ages and the differences between gender and side were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In all 83 children, 6.5 mm diameter S2 iliac screws could be placed. There was no significant difference between the side of each screw placement parameter. The 5 to 7 years old children had a significantly smaller screw coronal angle than other age groups, but in the screw sagittal angle, the difference was more mixed. The 5 to 7 years old children could obtain a larger angle at the maximum head tilt angle of the screw, but at the minimum cranial angle, the larger angle was obtained in the age group of 11 to 13 years old. There were no significant differences among the age groups. The coronal angle and sagittal angle under maximum cephalic angle and minimum cranial angle of 5 to 7 years old male were (40.91±2.91)° and (51.85±3.75)° respectively, which were significantly greater than in female. The coronal angle under minimum cranial angle was significantly greater in girls aged 8-10 years old than in boys. For the remaining screw placement angle parameters, there were no significant differences between gender. The differences in the minimum iliac width, the screw length, and the length of the sacral screws showed an increasing trend with age in all age groups. The distance from the screw entry point to the skin in boys were significantly smaller than that of girls. The minimum width of the iliac in boys at 14 to 16 years of age were significantly wider than that in girls at the same stage. In contrast, in girls aged 5 to 7 years and 11 to 13 years, the screw length was significantly longer than that of boys at the same stage.@*CONCLUSION@#The pelvis of children aged 5 to 16 years can safely accommodate the placement of 6.5 mm diameter S2 alar iliac screws, but the bony structures of the pelvis are developing and growing in children, precise assessment is needed to plan a reasonable screw trajectory and select the appropriate screw length.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Child, Preschool , Ilium/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Feasibility Studies , Bone Screws , Pelvis , Sacrum/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008840

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Helleborus thibetanus were isolated and purified by silica gel column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatography, and semi-preparative RP-HPLC, and the structures of all compounds were identified by modern spectrographic technology(MS, NMR). The MTT method was used to measure the cytotoxicity of compounds 1-8. Twelve compounds were isolated from the roots and rhizomes of H. thibetanus and were identified as(25R)-22β,25-expoxy-26-[(O-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-1β,3β-dihydroxyfurosta-5-en(1), β-sitosterol myristate(2), β-sitosterol lactate(3), β-sitosterol 3-O-β-D-glucopyrannoside(4), 4,6,8-trihydroxy-3,4-dihydronaphthalen-1(2H)-one(5), 1,3,5-trimethoxybenzene(6), 7,8-dimethylbenzo pteridine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione(7), 1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid(8), p-hydroxy cinnamic acid(9), lauric acid(10), n-butyl α-L-arabinofuranoside(11) and methyl-α-D-fructofuranoside(12), respectively. Among them, compound 1 is a new compound and named thibetanoside L; compounds 2, 5-8, 11 are first isolated from the family Ranunculaceae; compound 12 is isolated from the genus Helleborus for the first time. The results of MTT assay showed that the IC_(50) values of compounds 1-8 against HepG2 and HCT116 cells were greater than 100 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Helleborus/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 228-237, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935205

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of Homeobox C10 (HOXC10) on biological characteristics such as migration, invasion and proliferation of glioma cancer cells and to explore the role of HOXC10 gene in glioma microenvironment. Methods: The expression level of HOXC10 in high grade glioma (glioblastoma) and low grade glioma and its effect on patient survival were analyzed by using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) database. Hoxc10-siRNA-1, HOXC10-siRNA-2 and siRNA negative control (NC) were transfected into U251 cells according to the operation instructions of HOXC10-siRNA transfection. 100 ng/ mL recombinant protein chemokine ligand 2 (reCCL2) was added into the transfection group, and was labeled as HOXC10-siRNA-1+ reCCL2 and HOXC10-siRNA-2+ reCCL2 groups. The expressions of HOXC10 mRNA and target protein in each group was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot. The proliferation ability of cells in each group was detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) method. The migration ability of cells was detected by Transwell assay and Nick assay, and cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of chemokines in each group was detected by multiple factors. Co-incubation assays were performed to determine the role of HOXC10 and chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) in recruiting and polarizing tumor-associated macrophages (M2-type macrophages). Results: The median expression level of HOXC10 in high grade gliomas was 8.51, higher than 1.00 in low grade gliomas (P<0.001) in TCGA database. The median expression level of HOXC10 in high grade gliomas was 0.83, higher than 0.00 in low grade gliomas (P=0.002) in CGGA database. The 5-year survival rate of patients with high HOXC10 expression in TCGA database was 28.2%, lower than 78.7% of those with low HOXC10 expression (P<0.001), and the 5-year survival rate of patients with high HOXC10 expression in CGGA database was 20.3%, lower than 58.0% of those with low HOXC10 expression (P<0.001). The numbers of cell migration in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (45±3) and (69±4) respectively, lower than (159±3) in NC group (P<0.05). The cell mobility of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group at 48 hours were (15±2)% and (28±4)% respectively, lower than (80±5)% of NC group (P<0.05). The expressions of vimentin in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (141 740.00±34 024.56) and (94 655.00±5 687.97), N-cadherin were (76 810.00±14.14) and (94 254.00±701.45), β-catenin were (75 786.50±789.84) and (107 296.50±9 614.53), lower than (233 768.50±34 114.37), (237 154.50±24 715.50) and (192 449.50±24 178.10) of NC group (P<0.05). The A value of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (0.44±0.05) and (0.32±0.02) at 96 hours, lower than 0.92±0.12 of NC group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rates of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10 siRNA-2 group were (10.23±1.24)% and (13.81±2.16)%, higher than (4.60±0.07)% of NC group (P<0.05). The expression levels of CCL2 in U251 cells in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were (271.63±44.27) and (371.66±50.21), lower than (933.93±29.84) in NC group (P<0.05). The expression levels of CCL5 (234.81±5.95 and 232.62±5.72), CXCL10 (544.13±48.14 and 500.87±15.65) and CXCL11 (215.75±15.30 and 176.18±16.49) in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were higher than those in NC group (9.98±0.71, 470.54±18.84 and 13.55±0.73, respectively, P<0.05). The recruited numbers of CD14(+) THP1 in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were (159.33±1.15) and (170.67±1.15), respectively, lower than (360.00±7.81) in NC group (P<0.05), while addition of reCCL2 promoted the recruitment of CD14(+) THP1 cells (287.00±3.61 and 280.67±2.31 in HOXC10-siRNA-1+ reCCL2 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2+ reCCL2 group, respectively, P<0.05). The expressions level of M2-type macrophage-related gene TGF-β in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (0.30±0.02) and (0.28±0.02), respectively, lower than (1.06±0.10) in NC group (P<0.05). The expressions level of M1-related gene NOS2 in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 were (11 413.95±1 911.85) and (5 894.00±945.21), respectively, higher than (13.39±4.32) in NC group (P<0.05). Conclusions: The expression of HOXC10 in glioma is high and positively correlated with the poor prognosis of glioma patients. Knockdown of HOXC10 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and metastasis of human glioma U251 cells. HOXC10 may play an immunosuppressive role in glioma microenvironment by promoting the expression of CCL2 and recruiting and polarizing tumor-associated macrophages (M2 macrophages).


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Homeobox , Glioma/pathology , Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
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