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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 380-384, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873410

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical and genetic features of patients with glycogen storage disease type Ⅸa (GSD Ⅸa), and to improve the clinical understanding of the disease. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 20 patients who were hospitalized and genetically diagnosed with GSD Ⅸa in Children’s Hospital of Fudan University from January 2015 to December 2018, and their clinical and genetic features were summarized. ResultsAll 20 patients with GSD Ⅸa were male, with a median age of 2.5 years at the time of confirmed diagnosis. All patients had hepatomegaly and elevated aminotransferases; of all patients, there were 5 patients (250%) with growth retardation, 19 (95.0%) with fasting hypoglycemia, 14 (70.0%) with hyperlactatemia, 9 (45.0%) with hypertriglyceridemia, and 5 (25.0%) with hypercholesterolemia. Fasting blood ketone was measured for 8 patients and all of these patients had an increase in blood ketone; all patients had normal uric acid, and 5 patients (25.0%) had positive urine ketone. Liver biopsy was performed for 18 patients, among whom 15 had mild to moderate liver fibrosis. A total of 16 mutations were detected in the PHKA2 gene, among which 5 were known pathogenic mutations and 11 were novel mutations, and most of the mutations were detected in the c.3614 locus. All patients were treated with uncooked cornstarch, and most patients achieved an improvement in clinical manifestations. ConclusionGSD Ⅸa is more common in male patients. This disease should be considered for patients with hepatomegaly, elevated aminotransferases, growth retardation, fasting hypoglycemia, elevated fasting blood ketone, and normal uric acid. Liver biopsy may help with the diagnosis of this disease, and clinical biochemical parameters and gene detection can be used to confirm diagnosis and classification. Most patients have mild clinical manifestations, while some patients may have liver fibrosis, and treatment with uncooked cornstarch can improve the condition of this disease.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 169-177, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872613

ABSTRACT

Central composite design (CCD) is one of the most commonly used design methods in response surface optimization and has been widely applied in the field of pharmaceutics to optimize preparations. On the 20th anniversary of the introduction of CCD into China, the paper reviews its application in domestic pharmaceutical researches. Based on the brief introduction of basic principle and operation steps of CCD, the mistakes emerging in the application of CCD are summarized, including conceptual confusion with Box-Behnken design and face-centered CCD as well as wrong designs. Besides, the issues concerning the selection of factors and responses are discussed. The article is helpful for researchers to comprehensively understand the CCD and facilitates the rational application of this method.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 471-479, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of rotator cuff tears combined with long head of bicep tendon (LHBT) lesion and its effects on preoperative function.Methods:From January 2016 to January 2020, there were 680 patients with rotator cuff tears, including 260 males and 420 females, were included. The average age was 56.1±8.7 (range 27-74 years). There were 250 cases on the left side and 430 cases on the right side. There were 436 cases on the main side, while 274 cases had definite trauma before operation. The following were the Post rotator cuff tears classification, 133 cases in partial injury, 473 cases in small and medium size of rotator cuff tears, 74 cases in large and massive size of rotator cuff tears. The Habermayer-Walch classification of LHBT lesions was as following, 302 cases in type 0 (normal), 216 cases in type 1 (tendonitis), 29 cases in type 2 (dislocation and subluxation), 104 cases in type 3 (partial tear), 20 cases in type 4 (complete tear) and 9 cases in type 5 (SLAP injury above type II). The patient with rotator cuff tears were divided into partial tears group, medium and small tears group, large and massive tears group according to the classification of Post. The visual analogue scale (VAS), simple shoulder test (SST), Constant-Murley function score and the score of the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) were recorded. The differences in age, sex, main side, trauma and LHBT lesion in patients with three types of rotator cuff tears were analyzed. The preoperative pain and function scores of patients with or without LHBT lesions in various rotator cuff tears were compared among the groups by t-test. The age, sex, main side, with trauma or not, and the classification of rotator cuff tears were analyzed by Logistic regression to investigate the risk factors of patients with rotator cuff tears with LHBT lesions. Results:There were 378 cases (55.6%) with LHBT lesions in 680 patients with rotator cuff tears, including 216 cases of tendinitis (57.1%), 104 cases of partial tear (27.5%), 29 cases of dislocation and subluxation (7.7%), 20 cases of complete tear (5.3%) and 9 cases of SLAP injury (2.4%). The incidence of partial injury, small and medium injury, large and massive rotator cuff injury combined with LHBT lesions were 35.3% (47/133), 57.5% (272/473) and 79.7% (59/74) respectively. The preoperative VAS score, UCLA score, Constant-Murley score and SST score were 5.20±1.52, 14.81±4.12, 41.45±4.93 and 4.56±1.96 respectively in rotator cuff tears group and 5.29±1.65, 14.34±4.01, 41.60±5.88, 4.47±1.97 in LHBT group ( P>0.05). In the partial rotator cuff tears group, the VAS score was 5.16±1.41 in patients with simple rotator cuff tears and 5.68±1.46 in patients with LHBT lesion ( t=2.004, P=0.047). Regression analysis showed that age ≥60 years and rotator cuff tears degree were the risk factors for rotator cuff tears with LHBT ( P<0.001). Conclusion:It is common for patients to have rotator cuff tears with LHBT lesions. The more severe the rotator cuff tears are, the higher the incidence of LHBT lesions will be. Patients with rotator cuff tears aged 60 and above are more likely to have LHBT lesions. However, the complications of LHBT could not affect the preoperative pain and functional scores of patients with rotator cuff tears.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882435

ABSTRACT

Tissue engineering can provide alternatives to current methods for tracheal reconstruction. Functional and perfusable vascular network formation is critical to ensure the long-term survival and functionality of engineered tissues after their transplantation. The greatest challenges in tracheal replacement are restoration of blood supply rapidly to support cell metabolism and promote tissue healing and regeneration. The traditional methods of tracheal transplantation vascularization are traumatic and requires secondary operation, which don′t meet the current ethical requirements of rapid rehabilitation surgery. The integrated printing of cells, biomaterials and growth factors through 3D bio-printing technology is expected to become a new development direction of vascular tissue engineering trachea.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882030

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological features and diagnosis of imported malaria cases in Zhejiang Province from 2017 to 2020, so as to provide the scientific evidence for the management of imported malaria in the province. Methods The data of malaria cases reported in Zhejiang Province were captured from the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control of China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention from 2017 to 2020, and the temporal, spatial and human distribution, and initial and definitive diagnosis of imported malaria cases were descriptively analyzed. Results A total of 593 malaria cases were reported in Zhejiang Province from 2017 to 2020, and all were overseas imported cases, including 532 men and 61 women, with a mean age of 41 years. There were 93.93% of the malaria cases from African countries, and the malaria parasites infecting these cases included Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae and mixed infections, with P. falciparum as the predominant species (76.73%, 455/593). All malaria cases received totally correct initial diagnoses in county- and city-level centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) and entry-exit inspection and quarantine sectors, and the proportion of malaria cases with confirmation at the day of initial diagnosis was 41.48% (207/499) in medical institutions and 66.18% (45/68) in CDC (χ2 = 14.779, P < 0.001). In addition, the median interval [M (QR)] of malaria cases was 1 (2) d from onset to initial diagnosis and 1 (2) d from initial diagnosis to confirmation in Zhejiang Province from 2017 to 2020, and the median interval [M (QR)] of severe malaria cases was significantly longer than that of non-severe cases [2 (3) d vs. 1 (2) d; Z = −3.002, P < 0.05]. Conclusions Zhejiang Province faces great challenges of malaria control, and post-elimination surveillance of malaria still requires to be reinforced. Meanwhile, the awareness of seeking medical services requires to be improved among returners from malaria-endemic regions and the diagnostic capability of malaria requires to be improved among medical professionals.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1010-1020, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881181

ABSTRACT

Self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems (SMEDDSs) have recently returned to the limelight of academia and industry due to their enormous potential in oral delivery of biomacromolecules. However, information on gastrointestinal lipolysis and trans-epithelial transport of SMEDDS is rare. Aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) fluorescent probes are utilized to visualize the

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 505-519, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881150

ABSTRACT

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a complicated psoriasis comorbidity with manifestations of psoriatic skin and arthritic joints, and tailoring specific treatment strategies for simultaneously delivering different drugs to different action sites in PsA remains challenging. We developed a need-based layered dissolving microneedle (MN) system loading immunosuppressant tacrolimus (TAC) and anti-inflammatory diclofenac (DIC) in different layers of MNs,

8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 174-193, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880892

ABSTRACT

Dysfunction of the Hippo pathway enables cells to evade contact inhibition and provides advantages for cancerous overgrowth. However, for a significant portion of human cancer, how Hippo signaling is perturbed remains unknown. To answer this question, we performed a genome-wide screening for genes that affect the Hippo pathway in Drosophila and cross-referenced the hit genes with human cancer genome. In our screen, Prosap was identified as a novel regulator of the Hippo pathway that potently affects tissue growth. Interestingly, a mammalian homolog of Prosap, SHANK2, is the most frequently amplified gene on 11q13, a major tumor amplicon in human cancer. Gene amplification profile in this 11q13 amplicon clearly indicates selective pressure for SHANK2 amplification. More importantly, across the human cancer genome, SHANK2 is the most frequently amplified gene that is not located within the Myc amplicon. Further studies in multiple human cell lines confirmed that SHANK2 overexpression causes deregulation of Hippo signaling through competitive binding for a LATS1 activator, and as a potential oncogene, SHANK2 promotes cellular transformation and tumor formation in vivo. In cancer cell lines with deregulated Hippo pathway, depletion of SHANK2 restores Hippo signaling and ceases cellular proliferation. Taken together, these results suggest that SHANK2 is an evolutionarily conserved Hippo pathway regulator, commonly amplified in human cancer and potently promotes cancer. Our study for the first time illustrated oncogenic function of SHANK2, one of the most frequently amplified gene in human cancer. Furthermore, given that in normal adult tissues, SHANK2's expression is largely restricted to the nervous system, SHANK2 may represent an interesting target for anticancer therapy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical correlation of expression level changes of miR-181b and miR-194 to the pathogenesis of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), and determine plasma miR-181b and miR-194 as the potential biomarkers for aGVHD.@*METHODS@#The plasma samples were collected from 31 patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) at before HSCT, 15 days after HSCT and onset of aGVHD. The expression levels of miR-181b and miR-194 were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to assess the sensitivity and specificity of miRNA biomarkers for the diagnosis of aGVHD.@*RESULTS@#MiR-181b and miR-194 downregulated after treatment were significantly upregulated in the plasma at onset of aGVHD (P0.05). The expressions of plasma miR-181b and miR-194 collected on day 15 after HSCT were significantly upregulated in the patients with aGVHD in comparison with non-GVHD patients (P<0.05). Moreover, these elevated miRNAs were detected before aGVHD. The AUC of miR-181b predicting aGVHD was 0.91±0.05 (specificity was 0.94, sensitivity was 0.69). The AUC of miR-194 predicting aGVHD was 0.91±0.06 (specificity was 0.94, sensitivity was 0.77).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-181b and miR-194 may serve as early biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , MicroRNAs , Transplantation, Homologous
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799119

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare difference in stability between two fixation modes in application of three-dimensional (3D) printed coronoid process prosthesis.@*Methods@#3D coronoid process prosthesis was reconstructed from computed tomography (CT) scanning acquired from volunteers with normal bony architecture of elbow. The prosthesis fixation was simulated using screws with diameter of 2.0 mm and 2.5 mm separately. Finite element analysis (FEA) was conducted at elbow flexion with different angles and the parameters including the maximum equivalent stress and the maximum displacement were evaluated.@*Results@#Compared fixation using screw with the diameter of 2.0 mm and 2.5 mm, the maximum equivalent stress were 56.29 MPa and 39.96 MPa and the maximum displacement were 0.038 0 mm and 0.029 0 mm in 30° flexion of elbow; the maximum equivalent stress were 8.97 MPa and 8.12 MPa and the maximum displacement were 0.006 5 mm and 0.005 8 mm in 90° flexion of elbow; the maximum equivalent stress were 10.03 MPa and 9.32 MPa and the maximum displacement were 0.007 9 mm and 0.006 6 mm in 130° flexion of elbow. The maximum equivalent stress occurs at the junction of head and shaft with in both situations while the value from screw with diameter of 2.5 mm was lower. The displacement was smaller in the screw with diameter of 2.5 mm.@*Conclusion@#Compared to screws with the diameter of 2 mm, screw with the diameter of 2.5 mm shows superior stability in the fixation of 3D printed coronoid process prosthesis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878399

ABSTRACT

After tooth has been removed for a long time, adjacent teeth may tilt to occupy the edentulous space, leading to a break in the occlusal 3D equilibrium and a lack of restorative space. This case report presents a mandibular second molar uprighting with anchorage from a dental implant.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Molar , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Tooth Movement Techniques
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the molecular signaling mechanism underlying the inhibitory effect of metformin on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-stimulated collagen I production in rat biliary fibroblasts.@*METHODS@#Primary biliary fibroblasts were isolated under aseptic condition from 50 Sprague-Dawley rats (half male and half female), and microscopic observation identified no obvious difference in the morphology or viability of the cells from rats with different sexes or body weight. The cells were treated with TGF-β1 (10 ng/mL), Smad3 siRNA+TGF-β1, CTGF siRNA+TGF-β1, metformin (10 mmol/L)+ TGF-β1, or Compound C (10 μmol/L)+metformin+TGF-β1. The expressions of CTGF and collagen I in the treated cells were determined using ELISA kit or Western blotting; the phorsphorylated and total Smad3 and AMPK expressions were detected using immunoblotting.@*RESULTS@#TGF-β1 time- and dose-dependently induced collagen I production in rat biliary fibroblasts. The activated AMPK by metformin dose-dependently inhibited TGF-β1-induced collagen I production. Pre-incubation of cells with the AMPK inhibitor Compound C restored the inhibitory effect of AMPK on TGF-β1-induced collagen I secretion ( < 0.01). Activation of AMPK by metformin significantly reduced TGF-β1-induced collagen I production by suppressing Smad3-driven CTGF expression ( < 0.01), and the application of Compound C reversed such changes in the fibroblasts ( < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Metformin inhibits TGF-β1-stimulated collagen I production by activating AMPK and inhibiting Smad3- driven CTGF expression in rat biliary fibroblasts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Collagen , Female , Fibroblasts , Male , Metformin , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Smad3 Protein , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828117

ABSTRACT

Recently, deep neural networks (DNNs) have been widely used in the field of electrocardiogram (ECG) signal classification, but the previous models have limited ability to extract features from raw ECG data. In this paper, a deep residual network model based on pyramidal convolutional layers (PC-DRN) was proposed to implement ECG signal classification. The pyramidal convolutional (PC) layer could simultaneously extract multi-scale features from the original ECG data. And then, a deep residual network was designed to train the classification model for arrhythmia detection. The public dataset provided by the physionet computing in cardiology challenge 2017(CinC2017) was used to validate the classification experiment of 4 types of ECG data. In this paper, the harmonic mean of classification accuracy and recall was selected as the evaluation indexes. The experimental results showed that the average sequence level ( ) of PC-DRN was improved from 0.857 to 0.920, and the average set level ( ) was improved from 0.876 to 0.925. Therefore, the PC-DRN model proposed in this paper provided a promising way for the feature extraction and classification of ECG signals, and provided an effective tool for arrhythmia classification.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Disease Progression , Electrocardiography , Humans , Neural Networks, Computer
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1044-1050, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827698

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The ongoing new coronavirus pneumonia (Corona Virus Disease 2019, COVID-19) outbreak is spreading in China, but it has not yet reached its peak. Five million people emigrated from Wuhan before lockdown, potentially representing a source of virus infection. Determining case distribution and its correlation with population emigration from Wuhan in the early stage of the epidemic is of great importance for early warning and for the prevention of future outbreaks.@*METHODS@#The official case report on the COVID-19 epidemic was collected as of January 30, 2020. Time and location information on COVID-19 cases was extracted and analyzed using ArcGIS and WinBUGS software. Data on population migration from Wuhan city and Hubei province were extracted from Baidu Qianxi, and their correlation with the number of cases was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The COVID-19 confirmed and death cases in Hubei province accounted for 59.91% (5806/9692) and 95.77% (204/213) of the total cases in China, respectively. Hot spot provinces included Sichuan and Yunnan, which are adjacent to Hubei. The time risk of Hubei province on the following day was 1.960 times that on the previous day. The number of cases in some cities was relatively low, but the time risk appeared to be continuously rising. The correlation coefficient between the provincial number of cases and emigration from Wuhan was up to 0.943. The lockdown of 17 cities in Hubei province and the implementation of nationwide control measures efficiently prevented an exponential growth in the number of cases.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The population that emigrated from Wuhan was the main infection source in other cities and provinces. Some cities with a low number of cases showed a rapid increase in case load. Owing to the upcoming Spring Festival return wave, understanding the risk trends in different regions is crucial to ensure preparedness at both the individual and organization levels and to prevent new outbreaks.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , China , Epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Emigration and Immigration , Epidemics , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of preparation height and cement space on the fit and retention of computer aided design (CAD)/computer aided manufacturing (CAM) zirconia crown, and to provide reference for the clinical design and fabrication of CAD/CAM crowns.@*METHODS@#3D printing system was used to fabricate resin abutment teeth with convergence angle of 2° and height of 1-3 mm. The models' optical impressions were collected by the three-shape scanner. Then, the cement spaces were set by Cradle CAD/CAM system at 10-50 μm to create an all-ceramic zirconia crown. The fit of the crowns was measured by using silicone rubber interstitial impression method. The retention of the crowns was measured by pull-off test with uniaxial tensile force after the crown was bonded. The data were analyzed by SPSS 22.0 soft-ware.@*RESULTS@#When the preparation height was fixed, the fitness values of different cement space groups have statistical difference (P0.05). The fitness values of different preparation height groups have no statistical difference (P>0.05), and the retention values of different preparation height groups have statistical difference (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#When cradle CAD/CAM system is used to create a full crown in the clinic, the preparation height should be set to more than 3 mm, and the cement space should be set at 30 μm.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , Dental Prosthesis Design , Zirconium
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827439

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To select potential molecules that can target viral spike proteins, which may potentially interrupt the interaction between the human angiotension-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor and viral spike protein by virtual screening.@*METHODS@#The three-dimensional (3D)-coordinate file of the receptor-binding domain (RBD)-ACE2 complex for searching a suitable docking pocket was firstly downloaded and prepared. Secondly, approximately 15,000 molecular candidates were prepared, including US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs from DrugBank and natural compounds from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP), for the docking process. Then, virtual screening was performed and the binding energy in Autodock Vina was calculated. Finally, the top 20 molecules with high binding energy and their Chinese medicine (CM) herb sources were listed in this paper.@*RESULTS@#It was found that digitoxin, a cardiac glycoside in DrugBank and bisindigotin in TCMSP had the highest docking scores. Interestingly, two of the CM herbs containing the natural compounds that had relatively high binding scores, Forsythiae fructus and Isatidis radix, are components of Lianhua Qingwen (), a CM formula reportedly exerting activity against severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-Cov-2. Moreover, raltegravir, an HIV integrase inhibitor, was found to have a relatively high binding score.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A class of compounds, which are from FDA-approved drugs and CM natural compounds, that had high binding energy with RBD of the viral spike protein. Our work provides potential candidates for other researchers to identify inhibitors to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection, and highlights the importance of CM and integrative application of CM and Western medicine on treating COVID-19.


Subject(s)
China , Computer Simulation , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Drug Repositioning , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mass Screening , Methods , Molecular Docking Simulation , Methods , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Protein Binding , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1019-1024, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827168

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of combined infusion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) on lung injury after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).@*METHODS@#The experiment was divided into normal control group, irradiation group, bone marrow cell transplantation group (BMT group), BMT+EPC group, BMT+MSC group and BMT+EPC+MSC group. The model of HSCT was established, on the 30th day after transplantation, the mice were sacrificed. Then lung tissue was taken for testing. The mRNA expression levels of VEGF, IL-18, IL-12b were detected by RT-PCR, and protein expression level of NLRP3 was detected by Western blot. The expression of MPO and CD146 was observed by immunohistochemistry assay.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of VEGF gene in BMT+EPC+MSC group was significantly higher than that in other groups (P<0.01). The expression level of IL-18 and IL-12b gene was the highest in BMT group and the lowest in BMT+EPC+MSC group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). HSCT could increase the expression of NLRP3 protein, and the BMT+EPC+MSC could significantly reduce the level of NLRP3 protein in lung cells, tending to normal. Compared with normal tissues, the BMT+EPC+MSC could improve the lung tissue structure more effectively, the expression of MPO positive cells was lower, and the expression of VEGF positive cells was higher.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combined infusion of MSC and EPC can promote capillary regeneration, alleviate inflammation and promote lung repair after HSCT, which is superior to single EPC or MSC infusion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Endothelial Progenitor Cells , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lung Injury , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To select potential molecules that can target viral spike proteins, which may potentially interrupt the interaction between the human angiotension-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor and viral spike protein by virtual screening.@*METHODS@#The three-dimensional (3D)-coordinate file of the receptor-binding domain (RBD)-ACE2 complex for searching a suitable docking pocket was firstly downloaded and prepared. Secondly, approximately 15,000 molecular candidates were prepared, including US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs from DrugBank and natural compounds from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP), for the docking process. Then, virtual screening was performed and the binding energy in Autodock Vina was calculated. Finally, the top 20 molecules with high binding energy and their Chinese medicine (CM) herb sources were listed in this paper.@*RESULTS@#It was found that digitoxin, a cardiac glycoside in DrugBank and bisindigotin in TCMSP had the highest docking scores. Interestingly, two of the CM herbs containing the natural compounds that had relatively high binding scores, Forsythiae fructus and Isatidis radix, are components of Lianhua Qingwen (), a CM formula reportedly exerting activity against severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-Cov-2. Moreover, raltegravir, an HIV integrase inhibitor, was found to have a relatively high binding score.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A class of compounds, which are from FDA-approved drugs and CM natural compounds, that had high binding energy with RBD of the viral spike protein. Our work provides potential candidates for other researchers to identify inhibitors to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection, and highlights the importance of CM and integrative application of CM and Western medicine on treating COVID-19.


Subject(s)
China , Computer Simulation , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Drug Repositioning , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mass Screening , Methods , Molecular Docking Simulation , Methods , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Protein Binding , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781335

ABSTRACT

Identifying the ideal implantation site is important for the long-term stability and effectiveness of follow-up restorations. Implant surgical guide and navigation are used to determine the implantation site in clinic and improve the precision of implantation. However, due to difficulties in digital methods, such as multiple procedures, high cost, and actual accuracy of more than 1 mm, many physicians still prefer to operate with free hand. In preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative procedures, time-saving and practical methods for implant site evaluation are lacking. In many cases, oral physicians found that the position deviates only by cone beam CT, which was costly to modify the position. In this article, we presented a precise implantation insertion technology that is guided by a measurable technique throughout the implantation application for all implant systems. This method was guided by a dynamic control measuring ruler, which functions together with the measuring and intraoperative locating rulers. The 3D space of the operative area was measured by a measuring ruler prior to operation, and the implant plan and quantitative guidance design were conducted according to the measured and cone beam CT data. The whole implantation process was guided by the dynamic control measuring ruler, and measuring verification results were also considered. This method can realize the quantification of the entire preoperative space analysis, intraoperative precise implantation guidance, and postoperative site measurement and evaluation. This practical technique also helps to adjust the position, improve the implantation accuracy and is suitable in generalizing dental implantation.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Patient Care Planning , Surgery, Computer-Assisted
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): E008-E008, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817251

ABSTRACT

Background The ongoing new coronavirus pneumonia (Corona Virus Disease 2019,COVID-19) outbreak is spreading in China, but it has not yet reached its peak. Five million people emigrated from Wuhan before lockdown, potentially representing a source of virus infection. Determining case distribution and its correlation with population emigration from Wuhan in the early stage of the epidemic is of great importance for early warning and for the prevention of future outbreaks. Methods The official case report on the COVID-19 epidemic was collected as of January 30, 2020. Time and location information on COVID-19 cases was extracted and analyzed using ArcGIS and WinBUGS software. Data on population migration from Wuhan City and Hubei province were extracted from Baidu Qianxi, and their correlation with the number of cases was analyzed. Results The COVID-19 confirmed and death cases in Hubei province accounted for 59.91% (5806/9692) and 95.77% (204/213) of the total cases in China respectively. Hot spot provinces included Sichuan and Yunnan, which are adjacent to Hubei. The time risk of Hubei province on the following day was 1.960 times that on the previous day. The number of cases in some cities was relatively low, but the time risk appeared to be continuously rising. The correlation coefficient between the provincial number of cases and emigration from Wuhan was up to 0.943. The lockdown of 17 cities in Hubei province and the implementation of nationwide control measures efficiently prevented an exponential growth in the number of cases. Conclusion The population that emigrated from Wuhan was the main infection source in other cities and provinces. Some cities with a low number of cases showed a rapid increase in case load. Owing to the upcoming Spring Festival return wave, understanding the risk trends in different regions is crucial to ensure preparedness at both the individual and organization levels and to prevent new outbreaks.

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