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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776905

ABSTRACT

While most types of malignancies remain recalcitrant to treatment, application of natural products or their analogs in daily life has offered some hopes as an effective prophylaxis against cancer onset and progression in the past decades. Emerging evidence supports a link between garlic consumption and decreased cancer incidence. Notably, aged garlic extract (AGE) exhibits stronger anti-cancer activities than that of fresh garlic, by virtue of enrichment of several AGE-specific organosulfur compounds, including S-allylmercaptocysteine (SAMC). In this review, we summarize the up-to-date mechanistic pathways associated with the anti-proliferative, anti-metastatic and pro-apoptotic effects of SAMC in various cancer models. Based upon the proven safety and improved understanding on its anti-neoplastic properties, SAMC has gained recognition as a promising daily food supplement for cancer prevention or management.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Apoptosis , Cysteine , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Disease Models, Animal , Garlic , Chemistry , Humans , Molecular Structure , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772818

ABSTRACT

Synthetic biology aims to endow living cells with new functions by incorporating functional gene networks into them. By overexpressing, blocking and rewiring native gene pathways, synthetic biologists have harnessed this promising technology to reprogram cells to perform diverse tasks such as drug discovery, biopharmaceutical manufacturing, gene therapy and tissue engineering, etc. In this review, we focus on current technologies of synthetic biosensors for disease detection. We start with the design principle of synthetic biosensors. Then we move towards the characteristics of simple synthetic biosensors, which can respond to a single input signal, and complex synthetic biosensors including Boolean gate biosensors, cascade biosensors, time-delay biosensors, oscillator biosensors and hysteretic biosensors, which can respond to more than two input signals and perform complex tasks. Synthetic biosensor has showed great potential in disease detection, but it is still in its infancy stage. More efforts should be made in identifying and constructing clinically relevant regulation systems. Computational tools are also needed in the design process in order to guarantee the precision of the synthetic biosensor. The ultimate goal of a synthetic biosensor is to act as a therapeutic sensor-effector device that connects diagnostic input with therapeutic output and therefore provides all-in-one diagnostic and therapeutic solutions for future gene- and cell-based therapies.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , Methods , Humans , Synthetic Biology , Methods
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691253

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the optimal implantation strategy of tissue-engineered liver (TEL) constructed based on decellularized spleen matrix (DSM) in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DSM was prepared by freeze-thawing and perfusion with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) of the spleen of healthy SD rats. Primary rat hepatocytes isolated using modified Seglen 2-step perfusion method were implanted into the DSM to construct the TEL. The advantages and disadvantages were evaluated of 4 transplant strategies of the TEL, namely ectopic vascular anastomosis, liver cross-section suture transplantation, intrahepatic insertion and mesenteric transplantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The planting rate of hepatocytes in the DSM was (74.5∓7.7)%. HE staining and scanning electron microscopy showed satisfactory cell status, and immunofluorescence staining confirmed the normal expression of ALB and G6Pc in the cells. For TEL implantation, ectopic vascular anastomosis was difficult and resulted in a mortality rate of 33.3% perioperatively and massive thrombus formation in the matrix within 6 h. Hepatic cross-section suture failed to rapidly establish sufficient blood supply, and no viable graft was observed 3 days after the operation. With intrahepatic insertion method, the hepatocytes in the DSM could survive as long as 14 days. Mesenteric transplantation resulted in a hepatocyte survival rate of (38.3+7.1)% at 14 days after implantation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TEL constructed based on DSM can perform liver-specific functions with a good cytological bioactivity. Mesenteric transplantation of the TEL, which is simple, safe and effective, is currently the optimal transplantation strategy.</p>

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 575-586, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690881

ABSTRACT

Whether and how garlic-derived -allylmercaptocysteine (SAMC) inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is largely unknown. In the current study, the role of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR)-related protein 6 (LRP6) in HCC progression and the anti-HCC mechanism of SAMC was examined in clinical sample, cell model and xenograft/orthotopic mouse models. We demonstrated that SAMC inhibited cell proliferation and tumorigenesis, while induced apoptosis of human HCC cells without influencing normal hepatocytes. SAMC directly interacted with Wnt-pathway co-receptor LRP6 on the cell membrane. LRP6 was frequently over-expressed in the tumor tissue of human HCC patients (66.7% of 48 patients) and its over-expression only correlated with the over-expression of -catenin, but not with age, gender, tumor size, stage and metastasis. Deficiency or over-expression of LRP6 in hepatoma cells could partly mimic or counteract the anti-tumor properties of SAMC, respectively. administration of SAMC significantly suppressed the growth of Huh-7 xenograft/orthotopic HCC tumor without causing undesirable side effects. In addition, stable down-regulation of LRP6 in Huh-7 facilitated the anti-HCC effects of SAMC. In conclusion, LRP6 can be a potential therapeutic target of HCC. SAMC is a promising specific anti-tumor agent for treating HCC subtypes with Wnt activation at the hepatoma cell surface.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498053

ABSTRACT

The three-in-one immunoaffinity column ( IAC ) for the determination of aflatoxin B1 ( AFB1 )-zearalenone (ZEN)-deoxynivalenol (DON) was prepared with rProtein A-sepharose 4B as the column matrix. The comprehensive performance ( such as nonspecific adsorption, column blank, column capacity, column efficiency and sample standard addition recovery rate) was evaluated and investigated. The results showed that, the column capacities of AFB1 , ZEN, DON were 295 ng per 0. 25 mL gel, 905 ng per 0. 25 mL gel, 2342 ng per 0. 25 mL gel, respectively, and the column blank was 0. The average recoveries of AFB1 , ZEN and DON were 97. 4%, 98. 0% and 98. 4%, respectively. By optimizing conditions, the samples were extracted using the mixture of methanol and water (80:20, V/V), and diluted with phosphate buffered saline (contain 0. 1% Tween-20, PBST). The detection results of FAPAS (Food Analysis Performance Assessment Scheme) by different batch three-in-one columns were close to the target value. The prepared three-in-one immunoaffinity column which could take the place of conventional single immunoaffinity column was able to meet the requirement for treatment of food and feed samples, and lay a foundation for one step enrichment, purification and detection of multi-mycotoxins.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256573

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the inhibitory effect of migration-inducing gene 7 (Mig-7) gene silencing induced by retroviral-mediated small hairpin RNA (shRNA) on vasculogenic mimicry (VM), invasion and metastasis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two target sequences (Mig-7 shRNA-1 and Mig-7 shRNA-2) and one negative control sequence (Mig-7 shRNA-N) were synthesized. The recombinant retroviral vectors carrying Mig-7 shRNA were constructed, and HCC cell line MHCC-97H were transfected with Mig-7 shRNA-1, Mig-7 shRNA-2, Mig-7 shRNA-N, or the empty vector, or treated with 125 µg/mL recombinant human endostatin (ES). Mig-7 expression in the treated cells was detected using semi-quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The inhibitory effect of Mig-7 silencing on VM formation was investigated in a 3-dimensional cell culture system; the changes in cell adhesion, invasion and migration were assessed with intercellular adhesion assay, Transwell invasion assay and Transwell migration assay, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of Mig-7 at both mRNA and protein levels decreased significantly, VM formation, invasion and metastasis were suppressed, while intercellular adhesion increased significantly in MHCC-97H cells in Mig-7 shRNA-1 and Mig-7 shRNA-2 groups (P<0.05); such changes were not observed in cells transfected with Mig-7 shRNA-N or the empty vector, nor in cells treated with ES.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Mig-7 silencing by retroviral-mediated shRNA significantly inhibits VM formation, invasion and metastasis and increases the intercellular adhesion of the HCC cells, while ES does not have such inhibitory effects.</p>

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510798

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expression profiles of miR-200b/c and their targets ZEB1/2 in early pulmonary fibrosis caused by acute lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide in mice.Methods Early pulmonary fibrosis caused by acute lung injury is built via a lipopolysaccharide three-hit regimen.Mice were sacrificed at post-injective day 3,7,14,21 respectively and the lung tissue specimens were collected.The lung tissue sections were stained with HE and Masson staining and pathological changes were observed by optical microscope.The expression profiles of miR-200b,miR-200c,ZEB1 mRNA and ZEB2 mRNA were detected by real-time PCR.Western blot was utilized to detect the levels of ZEB1,ZEB2,E-cadherin,Vimentin,α-SMA proteins.Results (1) pathological findings:compared with the control group,the collagen fibers deposited on on the third day after LPS treatment and pulmonary fibrosis gradually worsened;(2) Real time-PCR results:With the aggravation of pulmonary fibrosis,miR-200b and miR-200c levels were declined and the levels of miR-200b/c at post-injective day 7,14,21 were significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.01).ZEB1 mRNA and ZEB2 mRNA levels were gradually increased in the process of pulmonary fibrosis and the increased magnitude of ZEB2 mRNA was more significant than that of ZEB1 mRNA;(3) Western blot results:ZEB1 and ZEB2 protein levels were also gradually increased,consistent with their mRNA levels and the expression of E-cadherin protein was decreased while Vimentin and oα-SMA protein levels increased with the evolution of pulmonary fibrosis caused by acute lung injury.Conclusion miR-200b and miR-200c promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition by inhibiting their targets ZEB1/2 in early pulmonary fibrosis caused by acute lung injury induced by LPS.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510720

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore and evaluate the changes of hemorheology and fracture healing in patients undergoing spinal operation with intraoperative autologuous blood transfusion.Methods A total of 80 patients underwent internal fixation of spine in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2014 were selected in this study.Digital random table method were utilized for dividing them into two groups.Autologous blood transfusion was used in group A,allogeneic blood transfusion was applied in group B.Blood viscosity,plasma viscosity,hematocrit,fibrinogen,erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and the level of sICAM-1,sVCAM-1 were collected and compared 1,4,8,12 weeks after the operation.Fesults Concentrated red cell and plasma volume infusion in group A was lower than that in group B,the level of sICAM-1,sVCAM-1 1,4,8,12 weeks after operation in group A were significantly lower than that in group B.There was no delayed fracture healing patients in group A,but there was 3 patients with delayed fracture healing in group B (P<0.05).Blood viscosity,plasma viscosity,hematocrit,fibrinogen,erythrocyte and ESR 1,4,8,12 weeks after the operation compared in both group were not statistically significant (P>0.05).Conclusion Autologous blood transfusion is not only a safe and effective method for blood transfusion,but also can improve the tissue blood supply,reduce inflammation,and conducive to fracture healing.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514173

ABSTRACT

Postoperative pain is an important factor which affects patients'postoperative rehabilitation training.With the application of ultrasound guided nerve block and multimodal analgesia,the quality of postoperative pain management has improved obviously among patients after foot and ankle surgery.The study has reviewed the related research.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265627

ABSTRACT

A new anastomat for digestive tract operations, based on the magnetic compressive technique and mechanical transmission mechanism, is composed of a removable head and a reusable body. The head includes two parts: the proximal end can be fixed to the body, and the distal end could be used for performing a purse string suture. The procedure of anastomosis is similar to that of the stapler, and the anastomoses is established using a pair of magnetic rings. The instrument makes magnamosis more simple and feasible, and it would facilitate the clinical application. The body of the anastomat is reusable and the head could be replaced according to the clinical scenarios, these could reduce the medical cost. The magnetic rings would be excreted with the feces, and there is no foreign body response at last.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Gastrointestinal Tract , General Surgery , Humans , Magnetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265598

ABSTRACT

Liver transplantation is the only way to treat end-stage liver disease. In order to overcome the shortage of donor, marginal donors have been used widely, which bring about a series of problems. Machine perfusion can stimulate the circulation in vivo and is beneficial for the protection of liver. It could also improve the graft function and reduce postoperative complications, which makes it a hot spot in recent years. The aim of this study is to summarize the current status and prospects of application of machine perfusion on clinical liver transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Perfusion , Methods , Tissue Donors
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265596

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the emergence of single-port laparoscopic technology promoted the development of the technology of laparoscopy, but deficiencies like equipment conflict or lack of triangulation severely hampered the clinical application of this technology. The appearance of single-port laparoscopic flexible instruments makes up for those deficiencies to a great extent. The element is to add a wrist joint to the tip of the instrument to form triangulation and reduce equipment conflict. But this technique is still in an early stage of development. The purpose of this article is to summarize the characteristics and problems of existing flexible single-port laparoscopic instruments, and to provide information for the further improvement, finally the future development was expected.


Subject(s)
Equipment Design , Humans , Laparoscopy
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333676

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To optimize the protocols for isolation, in vitro culture, identification and induction of hepatic differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat BMSCs were separated and purified by differential adherent culture for 1.5 h with the first medium change at 12 h. The surface markers of BMSCs were detected by flow cytometry. The cells were induced to differentiate into adipogenic, osteogenic, and chondrogenesis lineages. A 3-step protocol including sequential addition of growth factors, cytokines and hormones was used to induce the BMSCs to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cells isolated using this protocol were positive for CD29, CD44, and CD90 and negative for CD29 and CD45. The adipogenic, osteogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation of the BMSCs were verified by Oil red, Alizarin red, and toluidine blue staining. The BMSCs induced with the 3-step protocol differentiated into hepatic-like cells that expressed hepatocyte-specific proteins (ALB and AFP) and genes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The optimized protocol allows simple and efficient isolation of highly purified populations of BMSCs, which can be induced into hepatic lineages in specific microenvironment.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Flow Cytometry , Hepatocytes , Cell Biology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Rats
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448350

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:An efficient blood vessel system has a decisive effect on the survival and function expression of cells in three-dimensional tissues. Therefore it has been a hot research field in tissue engineering to find an appropriate vascularization strategy. OBJECTIVE:To summarize and discuss the theory and research progress in vascularization strategies. METHODS:Literature search was performed in PubMed database for English literatures published from 2003 to 2013. The key words are“tissue engineering, vascularization, endothelial cell, scaffold”in English. Then, the papers were further analyzed and reviewed in line with the theme. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:A total of 124 papers were searched. At last, 41 papers were selected according to the titles and objectives. Vascularization is the focus and pressing issue in tissue engineering field. There are many vascularization strategies, such as growth factor delivery, cellco-culture, dynamic-culture by bioreactor, scaffolds or decellularized scaffolds. But none of them is recognized as an effective strategy to achieve functional anastomosis with the host and sustain grafts survival for a long time in vivo. It wil be a big breakthrough in the future to co-culture pluripotent stem cells with other stem cells, combine with growth factors and optimize culture conditions for the differentiation in vivo.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444313

ABSTRACT

In recent years,the incidence of iatrogenic bile duct injury has increased.The traditional treatment methods often cause severe complications,such as biliary-enteric anastomosis,which removes the sphincter of Oddi's function.With the development and potential translational use of engineered tissue,surgeons have focused on keeping normal physiological function after operations.In this manuscript,we review the strategy to repair bile duct defects without sacrificing the sphincter of Oddi' s function.This article may be referenced for clinical research.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452217

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Numerous evidence has demonstrated that the magnesium aloy with excelent mechanical properties can degradein vivo, and can be used as vascular stent materials, bone fixation materials, porous materials for bone repair. But it is not reported in the biliary stent. OBJECTIVE:To observe the degradation procedures and evaluate the changes of mechanical characteristics of biliary stents made of magnesium aloy (AZ 31B) in human bilein vitro. METHODS:The baloon-expandable biliary stents were made of magnesium aloy with laser sculpture. Then, 15 stents treated with micro-arc oxidation on the surface served as experimental group and another 15 stents without micro-arc oxidation as control group. A dynamic numerical simulation system was establishedin vitro to simulate the internal environment of human biliary tract. Al of the biliary stents were placed into this system. Their shapes were observed, and their qualities and radical forces were measured every 20 days. At the same time, their surfaces were scanned by scanning electron microscope. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) The degradation speeds of the stents in the experimental group were obviously slower than those in the control group. The fracture of the connecting rods in control group and experimental group appeared 20 days and 40 days later, respectively. The peak time of degradation in the control group and experimental group were 30 days and 50 days, respectively. The stents were fuly biodegraded within 70 days in the control group while within 90 days in the experimental group. With time, the stent surface became more rough, and the density, area and depth of etch pits were al increased in the two groups. At the same stage, the degradation speed of the control group was more rapid than that in the experimental group. (2) The qualities and radical forces of the stents were gradualy reduced with time in both groups. However, the degradation speed of stents in the experimental group was much slower than that in the control group. In summary, the degradation speed of the biliary stents made of magnesium aloy treated with micro-arc oxidation is appropriate and can meet the clinical requirement for the degradation time of biliary stents. This novel material could potentialy be used for the preparation of biliary stents.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259921

ABSTRACT

A new system of blood flow block for control of bleeding in abdominal operation is composed of an abdominal magnetic blocking unit, an abdominal external electromagnet unit and other non-magnetic operation instrument. The abdominal external electromagnetic unit is placed in advance in the operation bed. The abdominal magnetic blocking unit can be placed directly on the ventral of the large vessels when need to blocking the abdominal large vessels during the operation. According to the non-contact suction characteristics of magnetic materials, the two magnetic units will attract each other and compression the vessels. Using this system for vascular occlusion does not need clear exposure and without separating vessel. There is the advantage of rapid, accurate and reliable for the system.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Blood Loss, Surgical , Electromagnetic Phenomena , Equipment Design , Surgical Equipment
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329235

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To optimize the protocols for isolation and culture of mesenchymal stem cells from rat bone marrow (BMSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>BMSCs were isolated by adherence to plastic with frequent medium change and reduced trypsinization time. The cell growth curves were drawn and the surface markers of BMSCs were detected by flow cytometry. The cells were induced to differentiate into osteogenic, adipogenic, hepatic and cholic lineages.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cells isolated using this method were positive for CD29, CD44, and CD90 and negative for the hematopoietic surface markers CD45. The osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of the BMSCs was verified by alkaline phosphatase staining, Alizarin red staining and Oil red staining. The cell subcultures up to passage 10 maintained capacities of differentiation into osteogenic and adipogenic lineages. The BMSCs induced with sequential addition of growth factors, cytokines and hormones differentiated into cells expressing hepatocyte- and cholangiocyte-specific markers.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The optimized method allows efficient isolation of homogenous populations of MSCs from rat bone marrow, which can be induced into multiple cell lineages.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cell Separation , Flow Cytometry , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Rats
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600078

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the effect of tolerogenic dendritic cells ( DC) on T lymphocytes in the spleen during the develop-ment of zymosan-induced sepsis in mice, and to explore whether PD-L1 blockade could alleviate the immunosuppressive effect of tolero-genic DC on T lymphocytes. Methods Mice sepsis model was established by intraperitoneal injection of zymosan. Splenic DC and T lymphocytes were isolated respectively by using anti-CD11c and anti-CD3 magnetic beads. The expressions of PD-L1, PD-1 and PIR-B on splenic DC were measured, and IL-12 and IL-10 secreted from DC were determined. Mitogen-induced T lymphocyte proliferation and IL-2 secretion were assessed. Anti- PD-L1 antibody was added into mixed culture of tolerogenic DCs with normal Tcells. T cell proliferation and IL-2, IL-12 and IL-10 concentrations in the supernatant of mixed culture were determined. Results At 5 days and 12 days after zymosan injection, the expressions of PD-L1, PD-1 and PIR-B on splenic DC increased greatly, secretion of IL-12p70 re-duced and that of IL-12p40 and IL-10 augmented in DC, which were associated with decrease of T cells proliferation and IL-2 secre-tion. Administrating anti-PD-L1 antibody into the mixed culture of tolerogenic DC and Tcell could alleviate the suppression of DC on T lymphocyte proliferation and secretion of IL-2, and ameliorate the ability of DC secreting IL-12 and IL-10 as well. Conclusions At late stage of zymosan-induced sepsis, the formation of splenic tolerogenic DC resulted in immunosuppression of T lymphocytes. Anti-PD-L1 antibody could improve the immunoactivity of DC and T lymphocyte through intervening PD-L1/PD-1 pathway.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of ulinastatin (UTI) continuous infusion combined Rivaroxaban on the deep vein thrombosis in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery.@*METHODS@#Forty-five patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery were randomly divided into three groups:ulinastatin continuous infusion (Uc) group, ulinastatin single injection (Us) group and control (C) group. All patients received patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) after operation, and took Rivaroxaban 10 mg orally 12 hours after operation. Ulinastatin (5 000 U/kg) was given intravenously to both Uc and Us groups preoperatively. Group C was given isometric normal saline, group Uc was pumped UTI continuous intravenously at the end of surgery (10 000 U/kg) to 48 hours through PCIA pump. The values of hematocrit (HCT), thrombomodulin (TM), Interleukin (IL-6), thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), D-Dimer (D-D) were normally tested before surgery (T1), at the end of the surgery (T2), 12 hours (T3), 24 hours (T4) and 48 hours (T5) after surgery.@*RESULTS@#Compared with T1, there was an upward tendency in TM, IL-6, TAT, and D-D after operation in group C group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#During the perioperative period, ulinastatin continuous infusion combined Rivaroxaban can correct blood hypercoagulability through different approaches in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery.

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