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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 191-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873729

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of rapid and sutureless anastomosis of artificial vascular replacement of abdominal aorta in dog models using magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) technique. Methods Twelve healthy adult crossbred dogs were evenly divided into the MCA and hand suturing (HS) groups according to the anastomosis method between abdominal aorta and artificial blood vessels. The intraoperative duration of abdominal aorta occlusion, intraoperative condition of anastomotic stoma and postoperative imaging examination of anastomotic stoma were compared between two groups. Results The intraoperative duration of abdominal aorta occlusion in the MCA group was significantly shorter than that in the HS group [(5.2±2.3) min vs. (24.4±4.3) min, P < 0.001]. No anastomotic leakage of blood or anastomotic stenosis occurred in the MCA group during the operation. Intraoperative anastomotic leakage of blood occurred in all of the 6 dogs in the HS group. Among them, 1 dog died of excessive blood loss, and 2 dogs experienced mild anastomotic stenosis due to repeated repair. Postoperative color Doppler ultrasound and angiography showed smooth blood flow at the anastomotic stoma without stenosis or thrombosis in the MCA group. In the HS group, 4 dogs presented with anastomotic stenosis on angiography at postoperative 4 weeks. Conclusions MCA technique may achieve rapid and sutureless anastomosis of artificial vascular replacement of abdominal aorta in dog models, which reduces the incidence of anastomotic complications and accelerates postoperative recovery.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the type, treatment and results of different therapies of biliary fistula after orthotopic liver tansplantation(OLT).Methods:Data of 24 patients who developed biliary fistula after OLT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2000 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with biliary fistula were classified into 4 types according to presence or absence of stricture. All patients were treated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or interventional therapy, including endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD), endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) or percuteneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD). Main outcome measurements were the onset time of biliary fistula, the site of biliary fistula, the complications of ERCP or PTCD, the time of removing abdominal or biliary drainage tube, and the onset of new biliary stricture.Results:Biliary fistula was found in (46.5±36.6) days (6-122 days) after OLT. The numbers of patients in four types of biliary fistula were 6, 14, 2 and 2, respectively. Biliary fistula was cured in 22 patients, with clinical cure rate of 91.7%. All patients underwent ERCP first, and the technical success rate and clinical cure rate were 87.5% (21/24) and 85.7% (18/21), respectively. The clinical cure rates of ERCP forⅠ-Ⅳ biliary fistula were 6/6, 84.6%(11/13), 1/2, and 0, respectively. The clinical cure rates of ENBD and ERBD were 8/10 and 6/8, respectively. Five cases in whom ERCP failed, underwent PTCD, with technical success and clinical cure rates of 4/5 and 3/4 respectively. Eight patients(33.3%)developed cholangitis after treatment, and the incidence rate seemed higher in type Ⅱ biliary fistula than that in type Ⅰ [35.7% (5/14) VS 16.7% (1/6)]. Incidence of cholangitis was higher in patients with non-anastomotic stricture than those with anastomotic stricture [83.3%(5/6) VS 16.7%(3/18)].Conclusion:The first line treatment for biliary fistula after OLT is ERCP, followed by PTCD. The best procedures of biliary fistula typeⅠ-Ⅳ were ENBD, ENBD combined with ERBD, ENBD and PTCD, respectively.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the histological differences between magnetic anastomosis and traditional suture in canine portal vein (PV) .Methods:Eighteen healthy Chinese garden dogs, either gender, 8-12 months and weighing 13.5-18.9 kg, were randomly divided into magnetic compressive anastomats (MCA) group ( n=9) and hand-sewing (HS) group ( n=9) for PV reconstruction. The time of PV anastomosis was compared between the two groups. HE and Masson staining were performed immediately and at 4, 8, 12 and 24 weeks after operation. The ultrastructure of the anastomosis was observed using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Results:All dogs survived. The PV anastomosis time was significantly shorter in MCA group (3.58±2.75) min than that HS group (12.89±3.12) min, P<0.01. In MCA group, the vascular wall of anastomotic stoma was well aligned immediately after operation, and the shrinkage was obvious in HS group by gross eyes. At 24 weeks, electron microscope scanning showed the re-endothelialization was smooth and endothelial cells arranged regularly at the anastomotic site of the MCA group, whereas different-sized and irregularly aligned endothelial cells and large collagenous fibers arranged in disorder were present at the HS anastomotic stoma. Representative HE and Masson staining confirmed that the magnetic device was associated with decreased infiltration of inflammatory cells and deposition of fibrotic collagen at 24 weeks explanted anastomotic stomas compared with the HS group. Conclusions:Compared with the HS, MCA produced shorter anastomosis time, smooth anastomotic intima, light fibrous tissue hyperplasia, no foreign body residue, mild inflammatory reaction and reliable technique for canines PV anastomosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study our initial experience on feasibility and safety of magnetic compression anastomosis in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy(LPD).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the data of 7 patients who underwent LPD with laparoscopic magnetic compression choledochojejunostomy (LMC-CJ) or pancreaticojejunostomy (LMC-PJ) at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from May 2018 to September 2019. There were 6 males and 1 female. The median age of patients was 63 (56-83) years. Data analyzed included the model of the magnetic anastomosis device, operation time of the LMC-CJ or LMC-PJ, other operation-related parameters, postoperative complications, time to perform magnetic anastomosis, and time of discharge of the magnet from patients’ body.Results:All 7 patients completed LPD successfully, including 7 LMC-CJ and 2 LMC-PJ. The median operation time was 340 (310-450) minutes. The median diameter of the biliary-enteric magnetic anastomosis ring used was 10 (9-12) mm, and the median time of the biliary-enteric magnetic anastomosis was 11 (8-16) min. The diameter of the pancreaticojejunal magnetic anastomosis ring was 5 mm in the two anastomoses, and the times taken were 12 min and 15 min. Complications occurred in 4 patients, including 1 patient each for grade A and grade B pancreatic fistula, 2 patients with abdominal infection, 2 patients with postoperative gastric emptying disorder, and 1 patient with abdominal hemorrhage. All patients responded to conservative treatment. There was no biliary or pancreatic fistula at the magnetic anastomoses. Pancreaticojejunostomy functioned at 24 and 30 days after operation. The median time for the magnets to pass out from the body of all patients was 50 (40-170) days. The median follow-up was 11 (4-18) months. No biliary-enteric or pancreaticojejunostomy stenosis was detected.Conclusion:Magnetic compressive anastomosis was simple, feasible, and safe for choledochojejunostomy or pancreaticojejunostomy in LPD.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880419

ABSTRACT

This paper introduced a liver normothermic machine perfusion repair and assessment system. This system consists of a liver normothermic machine perfusion device, a fluorescence imaging system and a tissue oxygen detector. The normothermic machine perfusion device can continuously perfuse the donor liver and monitor and control the perfusion parameters in real time. The fluorescence imaging system can detect the indocyanine green metabolized by the liver to evaluate the microcirculation and the metabolism function of hepatocytes. The tissue oxygen detector can monitor the change of oxygen partial pressure of liver tissue in real time to evaluate the state of cell oxygen consumption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Living Donors , Organ Preservation , Perfusion
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880418

ABSTRACT

The magnetic anchoring lung nodule positioning device is composed of a target magnet, an anchor magnet, a coaxial puncture needle and a puncture navigation template, through these, a new type of accurate positioning technology for small pulmonary nodules is derived. The device inserts the target magnet into the both sides nearby the lung nodule under the guidance of CT. Helped by the mutual attraction of the two target magnets, they can be fixed in the lung tissue, avoiding the movement in the lung, and accurately positioning the target lung nodule before surgery. In thoracoscopic surgery, the anchor magnet and the target magnet attract each other to achieve the purpose of positioning the target nodule. The device uses the characteristics of non-contact suction of magnetic materials biomedical engineering technology, eliminating the previous procedure of direct interaction with the positioning marks, finally achieves the target of precise positioning of lung nodules and rapid surgical removal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Magnetic Phenomena , Magnets , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880416

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In the context of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the subject was designed to develop a new tracheal intubation device based on magnetic navigation technology to improve the success rate of tracheal intubation and reduce the risk of occupational exposure of medical staff.@*METHODS@#The new tracheal intubation device was designed with the uniqueness of the magnetic field environment and magnetic steering of magnetic navigation technology. And preliminary magnetic navigation tracheal intubation experiments were performed on the tracheal intubation simulator.@*RESULTS@#Magnetic navigation tracheal intubation can successfully implement tracheal intubation, and the time required is lower than that of traditional laryngoscopy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The tracheal intubation based on magnetic navigation technology is feasible, with high efficiency and easy operation. That is expected to be widely used for tracheal intubation during treatment of patients outside the hospital in the future. At the same time, magnetic navigation endotracheal intubation technology will be the key technology for the development of endotracheal intubation robots.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Equipment Design , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Intubation, Intratracheal , Magnetic Phenomena , SARS-CoV-2 , Technology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the feasibility of a self-designed laparoscopic magnetic anchoring device for assisting thoracoscopic wedge resection.Methods:Six healthy Beagle dogs were selected as animal models, and underwent thoracoscopic wedge resection after general anesthesia. We replaced the pulmonary forceps with a magnetic anchoring device to complete the traction exposure of the lobes, and recorded the operation time of the operation, the amount of intraoperative blood loss, and the safety and feasibility of the magnetic anchoring device.Results:Six Beagle dogs successfully completed a thoracoscopic wedge resection with the aid of a magnetic anchoring device. During the operation, the magnetic anchoring device can completely replaced the exposure function of the pulmonary forceps, effectively eliminating the " chopstick effect" between the instruments during the uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic operation. The magnetic anchoring device provided sufficient traction for the surgery to achieve a clear exposure of the field. Tissue damage and magnetic anchoring pliers slip did not occur during the operation. The operation time was(22.67±3.25)min(range 18-26 min), and the intraoperative blood loss was less than 10 ml. The experimental animals survived well after surgery.Conclusion:Magnetic anchoring device is safe and effective for thoracoscopic wedge resection, which can eliminate mutual interference between operating instruments and has potential for clinical application.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the feasibility of establishing gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique in rabbits.Methods:Ten healthy New Zealand rabbits were selected as models for gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique. Daughter and parent magnets suitable for gastrointestinal anastomosis in rabbits were designed and manufactured. A daughter magnet was inserted into the stomach through the purse fistula in the lack of blood vessel area of gastric body, and was pushed into the duodenum along the intestinal tract. And then a parent magnet was inserted through the stomach fistula. The daughter and parent magnets were automatically attracted and pressed the gastric and intestinal walls after they were adjusted in the proper position. The stomach fistula was closed with purse string suture. After ischemia, necrosis, detachment of the tissues between magnets, gastrointestinal anastomosis was established, and the magnets and necrotic tissues were expelled together from the body through the digestive tract. Survival of experimental animals was observed. Anastomotic specimens were obtained one month after operation. The blasting pressure of anastomotic stoma was measured, and the healing of anastomotic stoma was observed with naked eyes.Results:According to the pre-designed operative route, 10 New Zealand rabbits all successfully completed the operation and survived one month after surgery. No complications occurred during perioperative period. The operation time was 35.80±4.71 min (range 28.00-43.00 min), and the magnet discharge time was 11.40±1.56 days (range 9.00-14.00 days). Anastomotic specimens were obtained one month after the operation. Gross observation showed that the anastomotic stoma of gastrointestinal bypass anastomosis healed well, and the surrounding tissues adhered slightly. The anastomotic bursting pressure was 103.00±7.95 mmHg (range 94.00-113.00 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa).Conclusion:The establishment of gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique in rabbits is simple and effective.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design magnets to locate colorectal neoplasms based on magnetic tracer technology, and to test its feasibility and safety by animal experiments.Methods:The magnets used for endoscopic localization of colorectal tumors consist of a tracer magnet and a pursuit magnet, both of which are ring-shaped Nd-Fe-B magnets. Eight healthy Beagle dogs were used as animal models. Tumor locations were assumed in the different parts of the colon and rectum under colonoscopy. The tracer magnet was sent to the hypothetical tumors by endoscopic soft tissue clamp and fixed near the tumors. After 24 hours, laparoscopic surgery was performed under general anesthesia. The pursuit magnet was inserted near the resected colon or rectum through the main operating hole. The tracer magnet was absorbed to the pursuit magnet to identify the location of tumors.Results:The tracer magnet and pursuit magnet were successfully designed and processed. The suction force between the tracer magnet and the pursuit magnet at zero distance was 16 N. All the 8 Beagle dogs successfully received indwelling of magnets under colonoscopy, and no magnets fell off after 24 hours. After the placement of pursuit magnet under laparoscopy, the two magnets attracted each other rapidly and accurately, and successfully completed localization of tumor site without any damage during the operation.Conclusion:Colonoscopy combined with laparoscopy for colorectal neoplasms localization based on magnetic tracer technique is simple, accurate, safe and feasible.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870539

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism by which Melittin-K1 reverses multidrug resistance of BEL-7402/5-FU cells.Methods:CCK-8 assay was used to evaluate the effect of Melittin-K1 on the growth of BEL-7402/5-FU cells and to explore whether Melittin-K1 could reverse the drug resistance of BEL-7402/5-FU cells. The expression of MDR1 mRNA level was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR assay. The flow cytometry was used to measure the expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) on the cell membrane surface and the accumulation of rhodamine-123 in cells.Results:Melittin-K1 significantly inhibited the growth of BEL-7402/5-FU cells in vitro in a time and dose-dependent manner. Melittin-K1 suppressed the level of MDR1 mRNA and inhibited the surface expression and function of P-gp in BEL-7402/5-FU cells. Conclusions:Melittin-K1, a novel peptide, exhibited the activity of reversing multidrug resistance of liver cancer cells.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870414

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the feasibility and safety of stomach tumor marker localization based on magnetic tracer technique in dogs.Methods Six male Beagle dogs were examined by gastroscopy.Then tracer magnets were sent to the "tumor" locations assumed in advance and fixed near the "tumors" by endoscopic soft tissue clamp.Laparoscopic gastric tumor localization was performed under general anesthesia 24 hours later.The tracer magnet was placed near the tumor on the surface of the stomach through the operating hole after the conventional establishment of laparoscope puncture parallel mirror to explore the tracer magnet.After the two magnets were attracted,the location of the tracer magnet seen under the laparoscope was the location of the gastric tumor,so as to complete the labeling and positioning of the lesion.Results All the 6 Beagle dogs were successfully implanted with tracer magnets under gastroscopy.Twenty-four hours after the gastroscopy,the pursuit magnet was successfully implanted during laparoscopic surgery.The two magnets automatically attracted each other and formed a sandwich structure of "tracer magnet-gastric wall-pursuit magnet ",which completed the location and identification of gastric tumor under the laparoscopy.Conclusion Gastroscopy combined with laparoscopy based on magnetic tracer technique is simple,accurate,safe and feasible.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review experience on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with pancreatic injury.Methods:There were 65 patients with pancreatic injuries who were managed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University between January 1995 and December 2017. After excluding 6 patients with inadequate data and 4 patients with other associated injuries, the remaining 55 patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. All data, including the type of abdominal trauma, general information of patients, clinical manifestations, methods of diagnosis, treatment, operation and complication were collected and analysed. Analyze the cause, degree of injury, treatment measures, treatment results and complications of patients with pancreatic injury.Results:The most common cause of pancreatic injury was traffic accidents (23 patients, 41.8%), with a correct preoperative diagnostic rate of 61.8% for pancreatic injury. Compute tomography (CT) had a significantly higher sensitivity than sonography (80% vs. 37.5%, P<0.05). The number of patients with grade I-V pancreatic injury were 7, 19, 24, 1 and 4, respectively. Sixteen patients were successfully managed by conservative treatment, and 39 patients underwent various surgeries depending on the injury grade. Significantly more patients having severe grades (III-V) underwent surgical treatment than those having mild grades (I-II) (53.8% vs. 86.2%, P<0.05). Two patients died after surgery (mortality rate 5.1%, 2/39). Pancreatic fistula developed in 29 patients (74.4%), intra-abdominal infection in 10 patients (25.6%) and these were the main surgical complications. Patients having severe grades had a significantly higher pancreatic fistula rate than those having mild grades. Pancreatic pseudocyst was the most common complication on long-term follow-up (8 patients, 14.5%). This complication was significantly higher in patients who were managed with consecutive treatment than with operation (31.2% vs. 7.7%, P<0.05). Conclusions:The preoperative diagnosis of pancreatic injury was difficult, and CT should be the first line investigation. Grade I -II injuries could be managed by conservative treatment, while grade III-V should be treated by operations. The most common short- and long-term complications of pancreatic injury were pancreatic fistula and pancreatic pseudocyst, respectively.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865085

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of endoscopic magnetic compression bilio-enteric anastomosis for the treatment of biliary obstruction after complex abdominal surgery.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinical data of 3 patients with biliary obstruction after complex abdominal surgery who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University between January 2012 and December 2019 were collected. There were 2 males and 1 female, aged from 27 to 57 years, with a median age of 56 years. The 3 patients underwent endoscopic magnetic compression bilio-enteric anastomosis to complete internal drainage of bile ducts after several unsuccessful endoscopic or interventional therapy. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow up using outpatient examination was performed to detect the biliary stent, liver function and patency of anastomotic stoma up to December 2019.Results:(1) Surgical situations: all the 3 patients underwent successful endoscopic magnetic compression bilio-enteric anastomosis, including 2 cases with magnetic compression choledochoduodenal anastomosis and 1 case with magnetic compression choledochojejunostomy. The length of biliary stricture, length and width of magnetic device subsidiary magnet/patent magnet, time of magnetic compression for the 3 patients were 7.1 mm, 3.0 mm, 2.0 mm, 7 mm/8 mm, 6 mm/6 mm, 5 mm/5 mm, 130 minutes, 90 minutes, 75 minutes, respectively. (2) Postoperative situations: the time to biliary tract recanalization after operation for the 3 patients were 15 days, 8 days, 9 days, respectively. None of the patients encountered gastrointestinal perforation, hemorrhage or infection. (3) Follow-up: the biliary stents were inserted into the anastomotic stoma for the 3 patients after biliary tract recanalization, including a catheter of percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage (PTCD) with 12 Fr size, a biliary plastic stent with 7 Fr size, a catheter of PTCD with 14 Fr size, respectively. The biliary stents were removed after 17 months, 2 months, and 6 months from the 3 patients, respectively. The 3 patients were followed up for 40 months, 20 months, and 5 months respectively after removing biliary stents, and the concentration of total bilirubin, concentration of aspartate aminotransferase, concentration of alanine aminotransferase for the 3 patients were 5-19 μmol/L, 25-40 U/L, and 20-35 U/L, respectively. The results of ultrasonic examination or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography examination showed that no intra-hepatic bile duct dilation or stricture of choledochojejunostomy was found within the 3 patients. One of the 3 patients was hospitalized for biliary tract infection after 37 months from removing biliary stents, and the results of ultrasonic examination or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography examination showed intrahepatic cholelithiasis. The cholelithiasis was removed under endoscopy and stricture of choledochojejunostomy was not found within patient by the endoscopic examination or cholangiography examination.Conclusion:The endoscopic magnetic compression bilio-enteric anastomosis is a safe and feasible technique for the treatment of biliary obstruction after complex abdominal surgery with good long-term effects.

15.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 289-295, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863325

ABSTRACT

Early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer remains difficult, and it progresses rapidly. Only a small part of patients are eligible for initial resection at the time of diagnosis, most patients need to benefit from palliative treatment. As a kind of palliative treatment, physical therapy aims to control the growth of primary tumors, relieve patients′ symptoms and improve their quality of life. In recent years, with the development of basic science, the physical treatment of tumors has also been continuously innovated. It has become an important part of comprehensive treatment measures for pancreatic cancer, and is of great significance for improving the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. This article summarizes the physical therapy methods related to the treatment of pancreatic cancer, including radiofrequency ablation and radiotherapy, etc.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 197-201,封四, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863302

ABSTRACT

With the development of CT and the popularization of health examination, the detection rate of small pulmonary nodules has been improved. Some small pulmonary nodules could be malignant nodules. Surgical resection is the preferred treatment. Therefore, it is an important task for thoracic surgeons to accurately locate pulmonary nodules during surgery and remove nodules accurately on the premise of maximum protection of lung function. At present, the core of preoperative auxiliary localization of pulmonary nodules is the implantation of markers. The commonly used clinical localization methods include hook wire localization, microcoil localization, methylene blue puncture injection localization and biological glue localization. In this paper, the development status, application scope, advantages and disadvantages of existing localization methods are briefly reviewed, which can provide references for clinical application and follow-up research.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 543-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825568

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of organ preservation in organ transplantation is to maintain tissue and cell activity of donor organs so as to gain time for allocation and transportation of the organ, preparation of the recipient and organization of staff and facilities. The main principles of organ preservation can be divided into normothermic mechanical perfusion and cryopreservation. Cryopreservation is the favourite organ preservation method in clinical practice currently. However, the metabolic activity still exists in donor organs preserved with current cryopreservation technique, which makes the long-term preservation of organs extremely difficult. The supercooling organ preservation is a new type of cryopreservation technology, which greatly prolongs the preservation time of organs. It is expected to become an important organ preservation technique in the future, and it will provide technical support for the establishment of "organ bank".

18.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 724-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829687

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of papers published in Organ Transplantation in the past ten years. Methods The academic papers published in Organ Transplantation from January 2010 to December 2019 were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). The publication volume, the funded paper ratio, authors, research institutions and keywords were analyzed by information visualization software CiteSpace 5.3 and VOSviewer 1.6. Results From 2010 to 2019, a total of 919 academic papers were published in Organ Transplantation, with an average annual publication volume of 92, showing an overall stable trend. The funded paper ratio and the ratio of papers with funding support at the provincial level or above increased year by year, reaching 100% in 2019. High-yield authors mainly formed two research teams led by Shi Bingyi and Chen Guihua respectively. The first authors were distributed across China. In recent years, as many as 58 programmatic papers were published by national academic institutions, especially signed by Branch of Organ Transplantation of Chinese Medical Association. The average number of authors per paper was 4.94 in Organ Transplantation, and the proportion of papers contributed by two or more authors remained above 90% in recent years. According to the analysis of research institutions, the average number of institutions per paper was 1.60 in Organ Transplantation. Keyword co-occurrence network analysis demonstrated that liver transplantation, renal transplantation and organ transplantation were the research hotspots in the field of organ transplantation. Keyword cluster analysis showed that research mainly focused on 9 fields, such as liver transplantation, renal transplantation, organ transplantation, organ donation, posttransplantation complications, transplantation immunity, end-stage liver disease, xenotransplantation and stem cell transplantation. Keyword burst analysis showed that xenotransplantation, α-1, 3-galactose, transplantation immunity, apoptosis, donor specific antibody (DSA), antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) and flow cytometry were the research hotspots. Conclusions The authors that publish academic papers in Organ Transplantation come from major transplantation centers all over the country. The papers of Organ Transplantation cover the research hotspots of each branch in the field of organ transplantation, and include a large quantity of programmatic papers signed and published by national academic institutions, which show the frontier hotspots and the highest level of research in the field of organ transplantation in China, making Organ Transplantation an excellent academic journal.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828448

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix is the elixir for invigorating Qi, with the effects of invigorating Qi, promoting Yang and nourishing the body. With the deepening researches on the chemical constituents of Astragali Radix, it is used more extensively in clinical application. Based on systematic traditional Chinese medicine theory, in this paper, we characterized the effect of Astragali Radix on invigo-rating Qi from the molecular level, and explored the markers of Astragali Radix on invigorating Qi. Through TCMSP and ChEMBL databases, the active components-targets database of Astragali Radix was constructed to clarify the targets(elements) involved in Astragali Radix's Qi invigorating efficacy system. According to the relationship between the targets, the protein interaction network was constructed, and the network modules(structure) were divided according to the theoretic clustering algorithm molecular complex detection(MCODE), and the boundary of the Qi invigorating efficacy system was defined by the pharmacological function of Astragali Radix. The active components of Astragali Radix for invigorating Qi were characterized from the aspects of composition, target and efficacy. The results showed that eight key components of Astragali Radix, such as hederagenin, quercetin, calycosin, formononetin, jaranol, isorhamnetin, astragalosideⅢ, and 9,10-dimethoxypterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glucoside, could act on eight functional modules composed of 17 key targets, and participate in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway, regulation of lipid metabolic process, positive regulation of nitrogen compound metabolic process, positive regulation of programmed cell death, fatty acid metabolic process and other biological processes to produce pharmacological effects such as regulating immune function, strengthening heart, protecting myocardial cells, improving material metabolism, and antioxidation effects, thus playing the role of invigorating Qi. Based on the systematic Chinese medicine theory, this study explored the effective markers of Astragali Radix at the level of molecular network, which provided new ideas for the interpretation of the effective substance basis of systematic traditional Chinese medicine and the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine. In the future, it can focus on the compatibility research of these components, and then carry out more in-depth studies on the efficacy of Astragali Radix in invigorating Qi, and strengthen the development of the corresponding pharmacological mechanism and related preparations.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Qi
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745380

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of high intensity electric field on cell growth,apoptosis and microstructure of human pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1.Methods The PANC-1 cells in the logarithmic growth period were selected,and cells in the high voltage electrical treatment group were treated with high voltage electric field 250,500,750,1000 V/cm,respectively.The effects of different high voltage electric fields on cell growth and microstructure of PANC-1 cells were determined by cell viability,cell death staining,apoptosis detection,transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy.Results Compared with control group,the high voltage electric pulse significantly inhibited the growth of PANC-1 cells in the field dependent manner.Moreover,when the field was more than 500 V/cm,the cell viability was significantly decreased (P<0.05).High voltage electric pulse could induce cell apoptosis.When the field was higher than 750 V/cm,serious necrosis was noticed.In the 1000 V/cm group,the integrity of cell membrane and the structure of organelles was seriously damaged.Conclusion High voltage electric pulse could significantly inhibit the growth of PANC-1 cells and would be a promising method in cancer treatment.

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