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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 71-75, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906733

ABSTRACT

@#Proliferative vitreoretinopathy(PVR)is a common complication of perforation injury and surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. The pathogenesis of this disease is still unclear. However, studies have shown that retina pigment epithelium(RPE)cells have the ability to secrete cytokines, and many growth factors are overexpressed in vitreous or subretinal fluid in PVR patients. These growth factors and their receptors play an important role in the occurrence and development of PVR. When the blood-retinal barrier is broken, the physiological balance of growth factors disappears, and RPE cells are stimulated by growth factors to undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transformation(EMT), migration and proliferation, this leads to the formation of the preretinal membrane, which pulls on the retina and causes retinal detachment. In recent years, scholars have done a lot of researches on the signaling pathways, EMT process and cell proliferation involved in the formation of PVR with growth factors. This article will summarize the function of growth factors involved in the formation of PVR and the therapeutic effects of antagonistic growth factors in the development of PVR.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 364-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922921

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to study the effect of small molecule compound piceatannol (PIC) on host inflammation in adenine induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) mice, and then to explore its mechanism based on the regulation of gut microbiota. All procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); UPLC-TQ/MS technology was used to monitor the level of proinflammatory uremic toxin indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS); the expression of occludin was tested by Western blot; in vitro anaerobic culture of gut bacteria was used to produce indole; the abundance of gut microbiota was evaluated by 16S rDNA sequencing. The results showed that PIC had no effect on inflammatory infiltration in kidney tissue of CKD mice, but could decrease IL-6 level in blood and IL-6/TNF-α level in colon tissue. PIC did not improve intestinal occludin protein expression in CKD mice; while it could significantly reduce the levels of IS and PCS in blood and liver of CKD mice. Further mechanism studies showed that PIC could inhibit the synthesis of IS precursor indole in gut bacteria. Moreover, PIC could decrease the abundance of gut bacteria which producing uremic toxin, such as reducing the abundance of indole and p-cresol producing gut bacteria. In conclusion, PIC could regulate gut microbiota and inhibit the synthesis of uremic toxin precursor, thereafter reducing the accumulation of IS and PCS in vivo, ultimately relieving the inflammation of CKD mice.

3.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 135-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920566

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the status of hair loss and analyze the influencing factors among university students in Hangzhou City, so as to provide insights into the management of hair loss among university students.@*Methods@#University students were recruited using a convenient sampling method from 4 universities in Hangzhou City in June 2021. The basic characteristics and life styles were collected using online questionnaire surveys. Self-reported hair loss was evaluated using the grading scales for loss of hair (Hamilton-Norwood scale for males and modified Ludwig scale for females), and factors affecting self-reported hair loss were identified among university students using the multivariable logistic regression model. @*Results@#A total of 1 060 questionnaires were allocated, and 1 038 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 97.92%. The respondents included 391 males ( 37.67% ) and 647 females ( 62.33% ), and 463 respondents ( 44.61% ) reported hair loss, including 431 students with mild hair loss ( 93.09% ). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that university students in their fourth or fifth years ( OR=1.721, 95%CI: 1.126-2.630 ), art specialty ( OR=0.411, 95%CI: 0.207-0.816 ), overweight or obesity (OR=1.685, 95%CI: 1.050-2.704), diet taste ( sweet: OR=2.131, 95%CI: 1.370-3.316; spicy: OR=1.510, 95%CI: 1.028-2.218; greasy: OR=3.023, 95%CI: 2.015-4.537 ), feeling nervous/anxious (occasionally: OR=1.891, 95%CI: 1.087-3.289; frequently: OR=2.487, 95%CI: 1.337-4.626 ), smoking ( occasionally: OR=1.906, 95%CI: 1.067-3.405; frequently: OR=1.983, 95%CI: 1.050-3.746), family history of hair loss ( OR=1.506, 95%CI: 1.075-2.110 ), perming/dyeing hair ( occasionally: OR=1.795, 95%CI: 1.280-2.517; frequently: OR=3.282, 95%CI: 1.736-6.204), self-perceived oily hair/scalp in the past three months (slightly increased: OR=1.980, 95%CI: 1.477-2.653; significantly increased: OR=5.347, 95%CI: 2.956-9.670) were factors affecting self-reported hair loss among university students.@*Conclusion@#The proportion of self-reported hair loss was 44.61% among university students in Hangzhou City, and hair loss was predominantly mild. A family history of hair loss, nervousness/anxiety, diet habits, smoking and frequency of perm/dyeing hair may affect hair loss among university students.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of exercise stress echocardiography combined with left ventricular two-dimensional speckle tracking layer-specific strain technique in evaluating subclinical myocardial damage and reserve function in patients with hypertension.Methods:A total of 51 healthy subjects(control group) and 55 hypertensive patients (hypertension group) were enrolled in the treadmill exercise stress test in Sichuan Provincial People′s Hospital from October 2018 to January 2020. According to the European Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension, the inclusion criteria for patients with hypertension were: blood pressure≥140/90 mmHg or who explicitly took antihypertensive drugs, and related cardiovascular diseases were excluded. The conventional parameters of resting and peak exercise, including left ventricular mass index, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular ejection fraction et al, were analyzed by speckle tracking software in two groups. According to the standard images in the resting and peak exercise, the endocardium /mid-myocardium /epicardium of left ventricular (three-, two-, four-chamber and global) longitudinal strain and circumferential strain (papillary muscle level) were compared respectively in two groups. The characteristics of strain differences and the systolic function reserve between the resting and peak exercise were evaluated.Results:There were significant differences in conventional ultrasound parameters between resting and peak exercise period in hypertension group, except E/A and e/a ratio (all P<0.05), and E/e value increased significantly(12.1±0.38) during peak exercise, indicating impaired diastolic reserve function. The longitudinal and circumferential layer-specific strain values from endocardial to epicardial were gradually decreased in both two groups. Compared with the control group, the resting longitudinal and circumferential endocardial strain values in hypertensive group were decreased, and the differences were more obvious at peak status, for instance global longitudinal endocardium strain at rest[control group (24.4±1.5)%, hypertension group (20.4±2.3)%], peak status[control group (30.8±2.8)%, hypertension group (22.8±2.9)%]( P<0.05). There were no significant differences of the partial layer-specific strain values between the peak exercise and resting status in hypertension group, while peak layer-specific strain of the control group were all significantly increased, suggesting that the left ventricular systolic reserve function of hypertension patients was lower than that of the control group. Conclusions:Left ventricular layer-specific strain can effectively evaluate the myocardial function in patients with hypertension, especially the endocardial strain can be used as an indicator parameter, and the peak exercise stress state is more sensitive. The systolic and diastolic reserve function of the left ventricle in patients with hypertension at the peak period are reduced to different degrees. Exercise stress echocardiography combined with left ventricular layer-specific strain technique can be used as a new method for detection of myocardial function impairment in patients with hypertension.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1034-1041, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909973

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of mechano-growth factor(MGF)on osteoclast activity and its mechanism.Methods:The RAW264.7 precursor osteoclast cell line was cultured with 25 ng/ml macrophage-colony stimulating factor(M-CSF)and 30 ng/ml receptor activator of NF-κB ligand(RANKL),and identified by tartrate resistant acid phosphatase(TRAP)staining after 7 days of culture. Western blot anslysis was used to determine the effect of 45 ng/ml MGF on the phosphoinositide-3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/AKT)signaling pathway in separated osteoclasts,including levels of AKT,phosphorylation(p)-AKT,lactation mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR),p-mTOR and TRAP at 0,4,8 and 12 hours. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to expressions of TRAP in osteoclasts at 0,4,8 and 12 hours. The PI3K/Akt phosphorylation inhibitor LY294002(20 μmol/L)combined with MGF(45 ng/ml)was used to act on osteoclasts,and expression levels of Akt,p-Akt,mTOR,p-mTOR and TRAP were detected by Western blot at 0,4,8 and 12 hours.Results:After culturing RAW264.7 cells with M-CSF and RANKL for 7 days,a large number of osteoclasts with positive TRAP staining can be obtained. Western blot analysis showed expression levels of Akt and mTOR did not change significantly over time( P>0.05),expression levels of p-Akt and p-mTOR increased continuously from(2.18±0.34)pg/ml and(0.83±0.10)pg/ml at 0 hour to(3.86±0.36)pg/ml and(1.56±0.19)pg/ml at 12 hours( P<0.05),and expression level of TRAP decreased significantly over time,from(5.66±0.47)pg/ml at 0 hour to(3.76±0.38)pg/ml at 12 hours( P<0.05). Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR analysis of expression of TRAP in osteoclasts showed that MGF inhibited the expression of TRAP in osteoclasts,which decreased from 1.02±0.06 at 0 hour to 0.53±0.11 at 12 hours( P<0.05). After acting LY294002 combined with MGF on osteoclasts,Western blot analysis showed expression levels of Akt and mTOR did not change significantly over time( P>0.05),expression levels of p-AKT and p-mTOR decreased significantly from(3.28±0.18)pg/ml and(3.29±0.22)pg/ml at 0 hour to(2.06±0.34)pg/ml and(2.04±0.20)pg/ml at 12 hours( P<0.05),and expression level of TRAP had no significant difference over time( P>0.05). Conclusions:MGF inhibits osteoclast activity by inhibiting the expression of TRAP in osteoclasts through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. LY294002 inhibits the expression of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in osteoclasts,further verifying the mechanism of MGF inhibiting osteoclast activity,and this finding puts forward new ideas for clinical prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 882-885, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909638

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design a laparoscopic suture guide set based on the principle that the ends of three struts on the arc of the same center, and to explore the rationality and practicability of the device by suture experiment in an isolated human kidney.Methods:⑴ The device was made. The three struts of the device were arranged on the fixed shaft in sequence. The function structure included the direction limitation device and the needle exit site locating device. The direction limitation device included the U-shaped end of the second strut and arc cylinder of the third strut. The needle exit site locating device was the Y-shaped end of the first strut. The ends of the three struts were on the same circular arc with the fixed axis as the center of the circle. When the long round needle of the same radian entered the curved cylinder (the first direction limitation device), it was restricted by the cylinder to travel to the U-shaped end of the second strut (the second direction limitation device), and was guided by the two devices to the Y-shaped end of the first strut (the needle exit site locating device). A built-in torsion spring clamped the kidney to fix the device. The design of the device was drawn into a 3D figure, printed by a metal 3D printer with titanium alloy, polished and then assembled into a finished product. ⑵ Experiment. Four kidneys of patients underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy was cut open, and 8 needle insertion and exit points were designed along the long axis. The kidney sutured with conventional methods was set as the conventional group. Then the laparoscopic suture guide set was used to assist the suture, which was set as the guide group. For effective suture, the distance between the actual insertion point and the preset insertion point was less than 1.0 cm. If the distance was greater than 1.0 cm, re-suture rate and deviation distance were observed. The distance between the actual injection point and the preset injection point was less than 0.5 cm, which means the point is conformant, and the conformance rate was observed. Single needle suture time was observed in 2 groups.Results:In the experiment, 15 stitches deviated more than 0.5 cm, 10 stitches deviated more than 1.0 cm in the conventional group, the re-suture rate was 31.3%(10/32), the conformance rate was 53.1%(17/32), and the deviation distance was 0.6-1.15(0.41±0.48)cm. In the guide group, 5 stitches deviated more than 0.5 cm, 2 stitches deviated more than 1.0 cm, the re-suture rate was 6.3%(2/32), the conformance rate was 84.4%(27/32), and the deviation distance was 0.6-1.10(0.14±0.34)cm. There were statistically significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( P<0.05). The single stitch suture time in the conventional group ranged from 3-12(6.00±3.32)seconds, and that in the guide group ranged from 5-11(5.94±1.41)seconds. There was no significant difference in single stitch suture time between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The structure design of laparoscopic suture guider is relatively reasonable. The device can ensure the direction of the surgical needle, reduce the number of times to adjust the surgical needle, and the needle position is accurate. It has a good auxiliary effect for suture in vitro, but the guider needs to be operated under laparoscopy to further verify its rationality and practicability.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of brain network functional connection in neonates with different degrees of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy(HIE), and to understand its influence on brain function.Methods:Clinical data of full-term HIE children hospitalized in Neonatology Department of Changzhou Children's Hospital from January 2017 to May 2020 were collected by convenient sampling method. A total of 44 cases were scanned by conventional and functional magnetic resonance image.Twenty-four of them met the inclusion criteria, including 11 mild patients (PT1 group) and 13 moderate and severe patients (PT2 group). The amplitude of low frequency fluctuation (ALFF) was used to compare the differences of ALFF values between PT1 group and PT2 group, and the differences of functional connectivity (FC) between PT1 group and PT2 group were compared by the method of brain network connectivity analysis.Results:In the edge analysis, compared with the PT1 group, the FC of the right supplementary motor area and the right precentral gyrus ( Z1=0.39, Z2 =-0.08), the right lingual gyrus and the right hippocampus ( Z1=0.61, Z2=0.20), the left calcarine cortex and the right amygdala ( Z1=0.30, Z2=-0.02), the right pallidus and the right posterior cingulate cortex ( Z1=0.33, Z2=0.05) were decreased in the PT2 group (all P<0.001, uncorrected). In ALFF analysis, there was no significant difference between PT1 group and PT2 group ( P>0.05, FDR adjusted). Conclusion:There are changes in functional connections in some brain regions in children with moderate and severe HIE.These functional connections are related to motor function, emotional processing, language development, cognitive function, learning and memory, etcetera.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 855-860, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in intestinal injury models with different severity of sepsis and the inflammatory response and apoptosis mediated by NLRP3 inflammasome.Methods:Human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (Caco-2) were cultured in vitro. The logarithmic growth phase cells were divided into blank control group (normal culture in complete medium) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 1, 2 and 4 mg/L groups (complete medium containing 1, 2 and 4 mg/L LPS, respectively). The supernatant were collected at 6, 12 and 24 hours, and the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukins (IL-6, IL-1β, IL-18) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The apoptotic level of cells was detected by flow cytometry. The cells were harvested, and the real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the mRNA expressions of NLRP3 and silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1). Western blotting was used to detect the protein expressions of NLRP3, SIRT1, caspase-1 and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC). Results:ELISA results showed that the levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-18 in cell supernatant of LPS groups increased in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner as compared with the blank control group during the same intervention period. The increase was most significant in LPS 4 mg/L group at 24 hours [IL-6 (ng/L): 3.55±0.06 vs. 0.67±0.09, TNF-α (ng/L): 15.37±0.19 vs. 5.04±0.14, IL-1β (ng/L): 2.26±0.10 vs. 0.56±0.09, IL-18 (ng/L): 433.92±22.55 vs. 93.55±21.13, all P < 0.05]. The results of the apoptotic test showed that, compared with the blank control group, the apoptotic rate of LPS groups increased in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner, and the apoptotic rate of LPS 4 mg/L group increased most significantly at 24 hours [(14.83±3.73)% vs. (5.87±1.17)%, P < 0.05]. RT-qPCR results showed that the expression level of NLRP3 mRNA was increased, while the expression level of SIRT1 mRNA was decreased with the increase of LPS intervention dose and the prolonging of intervention time. At 24 hours, there were significant differences between LPS 4 mg/L group and blank control group [NLRP3 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 8.20±2.82 vs. 1.00±0.36, SIRT1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 0.58±0.01 vs. 1.03±0.06, both P < 0.05]. Western blotting showed that compared with the blank control group, the protein expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1 and ASC in LPS groups were significantly increased, while the protein expression levels of SIRT1 were significantly decreased. During each intervention period, with the increase of LPS dose, the expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1 and ASC protein increased gradually, while the expression of SIRT1 protein decreased gradually. At 24 hours, the difference between the LPS 4 mg/L group and the blank control group was significant [NLRP3 protein (NLRP3/β-actin): 1.48±0.03 vs. 0.90±0.12, caspase-1 protein (caspase-1/β-actin): 1.18±0.11 vs. 0.72±0.09, ASC protein (ASC/β-actin) : 1.09±0.01 vs. 0.82±0.03, SIRT1 protein (SIRT1/β-actin): 0.48±0.03 vs. 0.76±0.05, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:In vitro, in the sepsis induced intestinal inflammation model, with the increase of LPS intervention dose and the prolongation of intervention time, intestinal inflammatory response and cell apoptosis showed an increasing trend, which may be related to the up-regulation of NLRP3 inflammasome and its downstream products ASC and caspase-1, and to the down-regulation of SIRT1 expression.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 535-540, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909354

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether resveratrol (RSV) could activate silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) to regulate the activation of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in sepsis induced intestinal injury model, and then reduce intestinal inflammation and cell apoptosis, so as to play a protective role in intestinal barrier function.Methods:① In vitro experiment: human Colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (Caco-2) were cultured, which were divided into normal group (normal culture on complete medium for 48 hours), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group (normal culture on complete medium for 24 hours, then LPS containing 2 mg/L complete medium intervention for 6 hours), RSV low, medium and high concentration groups and SIRT1 inhibitor (EX-527) group (complete medium normal culture for 24 hours, LPS containing 2 mg/L complete medium intervention for 6 hours, followed by RSV 10, 20, 40 μmol/L or EX-527 10 μmol/L intervention for 6 hours, respectively). The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukins (IL-6, IL-18, IL-1β) in the cell supernatant were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The apoptosis level of the cells was detected by flow cytometry. Western blotting was used to detect the protein levels of NLRP3, SIRT1, caspase-1 and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC). ② In vivo experiment: according to random number table method, 24 male Wistar rats were divided into sham operation group (Sham group), cecal ligation and perforation (CLP) 6 hours group (CLP 6 h group), CLP 24 h group and RSV intervention group [RSV (20 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected 6 hours and 12 hours after CLP], with 6 rats in each group. The levels of NLRP3, caspase-1 and ASC in the intestine of rats were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results:① Compared with the normal group, the levels of inflammatory factors in the cell supernatant of the LPS group were increased and the expression of SIRT1 protein was decreased, while the protein expressions of NLRP3, caspase-1 and ASC were increased. Compared with LPS group, different concentrations of RSV reduced the level of inflammatory factors, increased the activity of SIRT1, inhibited the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome and its downstream products caspase-1 and ASC, and the effect of high concentration of RSV (40 μmol/L) was the most significant [TNF-α (ng/L): 8.77±0.43 vs. 12.66±0.81, IL-6 (ng/L): 1.35±0.20 vs. 1.93±0.09, IL-1β (ng/L): 1.05±0.04 vs. 1.31±0.07, IL-18 (ng/L): 519.50±11.16 vs. 622.70±30.69, SIRT1/β-actin: 0.80±0.05 vs. 0.58±0.02, caspase-1/β-actin: 0.55±0.06 vs. 0.78±0.06, ASC/β-actin: 0.78±0.08 vs. 1.04±0.15, all P < 0.05], while SIRT1 inhibitor EX-527 had the opposite effects. There was no significant difference in the apoptosis rate among normal group, LPS group, and low, medium and high concentration RSV groups, as well as EX-527 group [(7.03±0.57)%, (9.67±0.55)%, (9.57±0.70)%, (9.30±2.15)%, (9.87±0.97)%, (9.07±0.93)%, F = 2.590, P = 0.082]. ② Immunohistochemical results showed that compared with the Sham group, the expressions of NLRP3 inflammasomes and downstream products caspase-1 and ASC in the intestinal epithelial cells in CLP 6 h group, CLP 24 h group and RSV intervention group were significantly increased. The percentage of ASC-positive area in intestinal epithelium of RSV intervention group was significantly lower than that of CLP 6 h group [(15.22±2.73)% vs. (19.88±2.67)%, P < 0.05], and the expressions of NLRP3 and caspase-1 were significantly lower than those of CLP 24 h group [(9.31±1.37)% vs. (13.19±1.92)%, (19.57±3.92)% vs. (27.28±6.33)%, both P < 0.05]. Conclusion:After sepsis, high concentration of RSV could inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome by activating SIRT1, thereby reduce the expression of caspase-1 and ASC, and inhibit the secretion of inflammatory factors to reduce the inflammatory response.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908975

ABSTRACT

In order to enable the teachers of professional basic courses to play a role adequately in teaching and educating students, the elements of humanistic quality education are excavated from Histology and Embryology chapters and integrated with professional basic knowledges. The effects of teaching are tested through students' writing experience, teachers' interview and national peer review. The results show that students have received the education of gratitude, dedication and responsibility, meanwhile their enthusiasm for learning has been significantly improved. Teachers believe that teaching and learning has achieved self-education at the same time. The national colleagues agree that it's feasible to integrate humanistic quality education into the teaching process of professional basic courses, and the better teaching effect is also be achieved.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908347

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effectiveness and safety of plasma exchange in the treatment of neonatal extremely severe hyperbilirubinemia.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 18 cases, who were all newborns with extremely severe hyperbilirubinemia and treated with plasma exchange in the NICU at Xi ′an Children′s Hospital from April 2019 to December 2019.The changes of serum total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, albumin, white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets, hematocrit, hemoglobin, serum sodium, serum potassium, serum calcium, blood glucose, blood coagulation and mean arterial pressure were compared before and after plasma exchange.Results:A total of 18 eligible children were included.The peak value of total bilirubin was (571.2±113.3) μmol/L before treatment, and the value after treatment was (235.8±66.7) μmol/L, whose difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The exchange rate of bilirubin was (58.5±8.4)%.There were no statistically significant differences in the changes of white blood cells, platelets, hemoglobin, hematocrit, serum sodium, serum potassium, serum chloride, serum calcium, serum glucose, and albumin before and after plasma exchange (all P>0.05). There were no allergic reactions, hypotension, plasma separator or pipeline coagulation and other adverse reactions during plasma exchange. Conclusion:Plasma exchange therapy can remove serum bilirubin quickly, effectively and safely, and may be a new treatment for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study whether Tanreqing injection (TRQ) can alleviate the body injury in the process of infection by inhibiting the production and release of <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin of <italic>Staphylococcus aureus</italic> under sub-minimal inhibitory concentration, and to provide experimental basis for better guidance of clinical medication. Method:The effects of TRQ on the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and bacterial growth of <italic>S.aureus</italic> were determined firstly by microplate method and time-growth curve. The different sub-minimal inhibitory concentrations of TRQ were co-cultured with bacteria or bacterial supernatants, and then co-incubated with defibrillated rabbit blood to detect the inhibitory and neutralizing effects of TRQ on <italic>S.aureus</italic> <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) cell viability assay was used to detect the protective effect of TRQ on <italic>S. aureus</italic>-mediated damage to human alveolar epithelial cells (A549). Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the effect of sub-minimal inhibitory concentration of TRQ on the mRNA expression of <italic>S.aureus</italic> <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin regulatory genes hla and agrA. Result:The MIC of TRQ to <italic>S.aureus </italic>was 1/8 of the stock solution, and the sub-minimal inhibitory concentration (1/64MIC-1/16MIC) TRQ used in this study did not affect the growth of bacteria. 1/64MIC-1/16 MIC TRQ had the effect of inhibiting and neutralizing the hemolytic activity of <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin, with a protective effect on <italic>S.aureus</italic> supernatant-mediated A549 cell damage, and its inhibitory effect on <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin was closely related to the inhibition of hla and agrA mRNA expression. Conclusion:The sub-minimal inhibitory concentration TRQ can inhibit and neutralize the hemolytic activity of <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin of <italic>S.aureus</italic>, with a protective effect on A549 cell damage mediated by <italic>S.aureus</italic> infection, and its mechanism of inhibiting <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin is closely related to the interference with agr regulatory system.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906288

ABSTRACT

Heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome,which is the final result of compensatory failure of heart injury caused by various reasons. Long-term persistent cardiac stress leads to mitochondrial dysfunction,which in turn further damages cardiomyocytes and leads to disease progression. Timely removal of damaged mitochondria in cardiomyocytes and maintaining a good living environment of viable mitochondria is not only an effective means to protect cardiomyocytes,but also a new way to prevent and treat heart failure and ventricular remodeling. Mitochondrial quality control is a series of cellular activities for mitochondria to maintain their structural and functional stability,including oxidative stress response,regulation of mitochondrial dynamics,mitochondrial autophagy,intracellular calcium regulation and so on. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) mostly uses drugs of replenishing Qi and activating blood circulation in the treatment of chronic heart failure,and Qi and mitochondria are similar in function. According to TCM,the performance of the body as "static,descending and inhibitory" in the case of Qi deficiency can also be compared with the energy defect of mitochondria. The classical method of tonifying qi and activating blood circulation in TCM can be applied here. In recent years,TCM takes mitochondria as the target and carries out many related experimental studies from the point of view of myocardial energy supply. It is found that Chinese herbs for replenishing Qi and activating blood circulation can participate in regulating the quality control mechanism of intracellular mitochondria with multiple targets and links. It is proved by experiments that Chinese herbs for replenishing Qi and activating blood circulation can exert myocardial protective effect through this mechanism.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Shaoyaotang on the contents of cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>) in serum of large intestine damp-heat syndrome of ulcerative colitis (UC) in rats, and the gene and protein expressions of leukocyte differentiation antigen14 (CD14), Fas-related death domain protein (FADD) and cysteinyl aspartate specific protease-8 (Caspase-8) in the focal colon tissue. Method:A total of 80 SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into the blank group (<italic>n</italic>=10) and modeling group (<italic>n</italic>=70). The large intestine damp-heat syndrome of UC rats was replicated by the combination of disease and syndrome, which was high-fat, high-sugar and spicy diets combined with 2, 4-dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (DNBS) and ethanol. After successful modeling, the modeled groups were divided into model group, sulfasalazine (SASP)control group, and low, medium and high-dose Shaoyaotang groups by the method of random number table, with14 rats in each group. Low, medium and high doses of Sulfasalazine 0.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> and Shaoyaotang (6, 12, 24 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>)were given by gavage. The blank group and the model group were given equal volume of normal saline for 21 days. The contents of serum ICAM-1 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the expressions of CD14, FADD and Caspase-8 mRNA in colon tissues were detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the expressions of CD14, FADD and Caspase-8 protein in colon tissues were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the blank group, the serum ICAM-1 level in the model group were significantly increased, whereas the content of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The relative expression levels of CD14, FADD, Caspase-8 mRNA and protein were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the content of ICAM-1 in the serum of the rats in the medium, high-dose Shaoyaotang groups and the SASP group were significantly decreased, while the content of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> in the serum of the rats in the low, medium, high-dose Shaoyaotang groups and the SASP group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The expression levels of CD14, FADD, Caspase-8 mRNA and protein in each intervention group were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), especially in the high-dose Shaoyaotang group and the SASP group. Conclusion:Shaoyaotang has a certain intervention effect on UC rats with large intestine damp-heat syndrome, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of CD14, FADD and Caspase-8 genes and proteins expression.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence and related factors of autonomic dysreflexia (AD) during intermittent catheterization in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods:Case control study was used in this study. Intermittent catheterization was performed on 44 SCI patients hospitalized from April, 2019 to April, 2020, The data of age, gender, time after injury, segment of injury, degree of injury, resting blood pressure, immediate blood pressure after catheterization, catheterization numbers, catheterization volume and duration of catheterization were collected. Descriptive analysis and binary Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the occurrence and related factors of AD. Results:Totally, AD happened in 26 (59.1%) patients. Urethral catheterization was done 1738 times, out of which AD accounted for 187 times (10.8%). The risk of AD increased with the time after injury and age (P < 0.05). The probability of AD was lower in T7 SCI and below than in T6 SCI and above (P = 0.002). Catheterization numbers, gender, degree of injury, catheterization volume and duration of catheterization were not influencing factors of AD (P > 0.05). Conclusion:It is necessary to have a full understanding for the occurrence of AD in patients with SCI during intermittent catheterization. For patients with SCI in T6 and above, long time after injury and elderly patients, routine monitoring of blood pressure during intermittent catheterization is recommended to detect and deal with AD in time.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905277

ABSTRACT

Cerebral palsy is a motor and postural developmental disorder caused by brain injury. This disease not only shows the common features of upper motor neurons impairment affecting neuromuscular function and leading to gait abnormality, but also has its unique symptoms as a developmental disorder. This paper summarized the present research of neuromuscular tissue structure and functional performance in patients with spastic cerebral palsy, and explained the specific relationship between neuromuscular dysfunction and abnormal gait in patients with spastic cerebral palsy, according to gait cycle. Based on above, the targeted intervention measures are elaborated. It is aimed to improve the abnormal gait and achieve long-term prognosis of cerebral palsy.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of iridoid-rich fraction from Valeriana jatamansi Jones (IRFV) on neuronal pyroptosis in rats with acute spinal cord injury, and to explain the related mechanism of neuroprotection. Methods:Twenty-four healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham-operated group, model group and treatment group, with eight rats in each group. The model of spinal cord injury was established by using a medical aneurysm clip in the latter two groups. Only the lamina was removed without injury to the spinal cord in the sham-operated group. Four hours after the operation, the treatment group was given IRFV solution 10 mg/kg, the model group and the sham-operated group were given the same volume of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-Na) solution, for seven days. The rats were sacrificed to detected the pathological changes and the residual area of spinal cord tissue through HE staining. The apoptosis of nerve cells of the spinal cord tissue at the perilesional area was detected by TUNEL fluorescent staining. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-18 in serum were detected by ELISA Kit and the expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and GSDMD were detected by Western blotting. Results:Compared with the sham-operated group, the residual area of spinal cord tissue decreased (P < 0.05), and the positive rate of TUNEL staining, the level of IL-1 and IL-18, and the expression of pyroptosis-associated proteins (NLRP3, Caspase-1 and GSDMD) increased (P < 0.05) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the pathological condition of the spinal cord tissue improved and the residual area of the spinal cord tissue increased (P < 0.05); the positive rate of TUNEL staining, the level of IL-1 and IL-18 and the expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and GSDMD decreased (P < 0.05) in the treatment group. Conclusion:IRFV could attenuate the inflammatory response to exert neuroprotective effects, which may be related to the regulation of NLRP3/Caspase-1 signaling pathway to inhibit the neuronal pyroptosis in rats with acute spinal cord injury.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897191

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the effectiveness of advanced practice nurse–guided home-based rehabilitation exercise program (HREPro) among patients with lower limb spasticity post-stroke. @*Methods@#This randomized controlled study recruited 121 patients with lower limb spasticity post-stroke. Intervention (n = 59) and control (n = 62) groups underwent 12-month HREPro and conventional rehabilitation, respectively, after discharge. The Fugl–Meyer assessment of spasticity measurement, modified Ashworth scale of motor function, 10-Meter Walk Test of walking ability, and Barthel index of activities of daily living (ADL) were evaluated at 0, 3, 6, and 12 months after discharge. @*Results@#Significant differences were found in spasticity degree, motor function, walking ability, and ADL at 6 and 12 months after discharge between the control and intervention groups. Lower limb spasticity and ADL in the intervention group were significantly improved. @*Conclusion@#HREPro is effective for rehabilitation of patients with lower limb spasticity post-stroke and has favorable home application.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922771

ABSTRACT

The current study was designed to explore the brain protection mechanism of Xinglou Chengqi Decoction (XCD) based on gut microbiota analysis and network pharmacology. A transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of mice was established, followed by behavioral evaluation, TTC and TUNEL staining. Additionally, to investigate the effects of gut microbiota on neurological function after stroke, C57BL/6 mice were treated with anti-biotic cocktails 14 days prior to ischemic stroke (IS) to deplete the gut microbiota. High-throughput 16S rDNA gene sequencing, metabonomics technique, and flow multifactor technology were used to analyze bacterial communities, SCFAs and inflammatory cytokines respectively. Finally, as a supplement, network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to fully explore the multicomponent-multitarget-multichannel mechanism of XCD in treating IS, implicated in ADME screening, target identification, network analysis, functional annotation, and pathway enrichment analysis. We found that XCD effectively improved neurological function, relieved cerebral infarction and decreased the neuronal apoptosis. Moreover, XCD promoted the release of anti-inflammatory factor like IL-10, while down-regulating pro-inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL-22. Furthermore, XCD significantly increased the levels of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyric acid. The mechanism might be related to the regulation of SCFAs-producing bacteria like Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia, and bacteria that regulate inflammation like Paraprevotella, Roseburia, Streptophyta and Enterococcu. Finally, in the network pharmacological analysis, 51 active compounds in XCD and 44 intersection targets of IS and XCD were selected. As a validation, components in XCD docked well with key targets. It was obviously that biological processes were mainly involved in the regulation of apoptotic process, inflammatory response, response to fatty acid, and regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier in GO enrichment. XCD can improve neurological function in experimental stroke mice, partly due to the regulation of gut microbiota. Besises, XCD has the characteristic of "multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel" in the treatment of IS revealed by network pharmacology and molecular docking.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Stroke/drug therapy
20.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 374-382, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922704

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Wallerian degeneration (WD) is an antegrade degenerative process distal to peripheral nerve injury. Numerous genes are differentially regulated in response to the process. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear, especially the early response. We aimed at investigating the effects of sciatic nerve injury on WD via CLDN 14/15 interactions in vivo and in vitro.@*METHODS@#Using the methods of molecular biology and bioinformatics analysis, we investigated the molecular mechanism by which claudin 14/15 participate in WD. Our previous study showed that claudins 14 and 15 trigger the early signal flow and pathway in damaged sciatic nerves. Here, we report the effects of the interaction between claudin 14 and claudin 15 on nerve degeneration and regeneration during early WD.@*RESULTS@#It was found that claudin 14/15 were upregulated in the sciatic nerve in WD. Claudin 14/15 promoted Schwann cell proliferation, migration and anti-apoptosis in vitro. PKCα, NT3, NF2, and bFGF were significantly upregulated in transfected Schwann cells. Moreover, the expression levels of the β-catenin, p-AKT/AKT, p-c-jun/c-jun, and p-ERK/ERK signaling pathways were also significantly altered.@*CONCLUSION@#Claudin 14/15 affect Schwann cell proliferation, migration, and anti-apoptosis via the β-catenin, p-AKT/AKT, p-c-jun/c-jun, and p-ERK/ERK pathways in vitro and in vivo. The results of this study may help elucidate the molecular mechanisms of the tight junction signaling pathway underlying peripheral nerve degeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Claudins , Nerve Regeneration , Peripheral Nerve Injuries , Rats , Schwann Cells/pathology , Sciatic Nerve , Wallerian Degeneration/pathology
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