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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884767


Objective:To explore the application of OTSU-based self-attenuation correction PET (sacPET) reconstruction technology in 18F-florbetapir (AV45) imaging. Methods:From November 2018 to December 2019, 7 confirmed Alzheimer′s disease (AD) patients (4 males, 3 females, age (69.6±4.5)years) and 3 healthy controls (HC; 1 male, 2 females, age (68.0±4.6) years) were recruited prospectively for 18F-AV45 PET imaging in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University. Original data collected by PET acquisition was processed with sacPET reconstruction and then compared with standard PET images by visual analysis and semi-quantitative analysis. Fisher exact test, Kappa test and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyze data. Results:In HC group and AD group, the radioactive distribution showed by sacPET images and that by standard PET images were similar, and the contrast of gray-white matter in sacPET images was weaker than that in standard PET images. Moreover, the positive uptake area of the cortex in the AD group was smaller than that in standard PET images. Visual analysis showed 19 positive regions in sacPET images and 22 in standard PET images, with no statistical difference of positive rates of the sub-regions in the cortex between the two PET images (all P>0.05), and the overall consistency of 88.00% (44/50; Kappa=0.75 (95% CI: 0.57-0.94), P<0.05). Semi-quantitative analysis showed that the standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) of frontal lobe and cingulate gyrus measured by sacPET was lower than that measured by standard PET (0.93±0.06 vs 0.96±0.06 and 0.99±0.04 vs 1.01±0.04; t values: 5.30 and 5.10, both P<0.01), while SUVR of parietal lobe, temporal lobe and occipital lobe measured by sacPET was higher than that measured by standard PET (0.78±0.08 vs 0.68±0.07, 0.97±0.07 vs 0.91±0.08 and 0.94±0.11 vs 0.71±0.12; t values: 6.27, 7.36 and 16.90, all P<0.01). The overall SUVR of sacPET images was significantly correlated with the standard PET images ( r=0.75, P<0.001). Conclusion:For 18F-AV45 imaging, sacPET reconstruction technology can obtain reliable and effective PET images without CT data, but its accuracy and precision still need to be improved.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669048


Objective To explore the clinical characteristics, etiology and prognosis of orbit apex syndrome. Methods Clinical data of 18 patients with orbit syndrome was summarized and analyzed. Results All patients developed vision loss, ptosis and diplopia, such as a headache or sore eyes forehead performance. However, the onset symptoms varied including vision decline or loss in 8 cases, headache in 7 cases, eye pain in 1 case, toothache in 1 case, stuffy nose and runny nose in 1 case and exophthalmos in 1 cases. The Causes included trauma in 6 cases (33%), mass lesion in 5 cases (28%), nonspecific inflammation in 1 cases (22%), infection in 3 cases (17%). Vision and eye movements disorder were improved in 5 cases of 6 patients with trauma in which 3 mild cases recovered better and one severe case did not recovered. Of 5 patients with mass lesion, the vision and eye movement were improved in one patients with sphenoid sinus mucocele receiving surgical operation. but not in the rest 4 cases with orbital adenoid cystic carcinoma or osteosarcoma patients receiving either surgical operation or radiotherapy. Of 4 patients with nonspecific inflammatory disease, eye movements were improved in 2 mild cases but not in 2 severe cases. Of 3 infectious diseases, eye movements were improved in 1 mild case. Conclusion Orbital apex syndrome is a heterogeneous disorder with multiple etiologies, presenting with a variety of initial symptoms. The prognosis depends on causes, timely diagnosis, early diagnosis and early treatment.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458920


Objective To investigate the clinical value of [11C]CFT PET in the diagnosis and severity assessment of Parkinson disease (PD). Methods Thirty-eight patients with PD at various Hoehn & Yahr (H&Y) stages were included and underwent a [11C]CFT PET scan. The correlation between [11C]CFT uptake and unified Parkinson disease rating scale part III (UPDRS III) of PD patients was evaluated by calculating Pearson’s regression coefficient. Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) analysis was performed to compare the difference of dopamine transporter (DAT) distribution between ear-ly and advanced PD patients. Results There was a significant reduction of [11C]CFT uptake in the bilateral striatum of PD patients. There was a significant negative correlation between clinical scores of UPDRS III, rigidity, bradykinesia, pos-ture, gait and [11C]CFT uptake in the striatum. The SPM analysis revealed a significant and asymmetric decrease of [11C] CFT uptake in the striatum, predominantly on the putamen and caudate nucleus contralateral to the onset limb, in the posterior area of ipsilateral putamen in early PD (H&Y 1-2) patients compared with the normal controls. There was a sig-nificant symmetric decrease of [11C]CFT uptake in both putamen and caudate nucleus in advanced PD (H&Y 3-5) pa- tients, compared with normal controls. Compared with early PD patients, the reduction of DAT was more severe in bilater-al caudate nucleus and the ipsilateral putamen in the advanced PD patients. Conclusions [11C]CFT PET is a sensitive biomarker in the diagnosis and assessment of disease severity of PD patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356083


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To test whether 7 herbs stimulate human pregnane X receptor (PXR)-mediated CYP3A4 transcription.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Transient cotransfection reporter gene assays were performed with human PXR expression plasmids and a reporter plasmid containing the XRES in the CYP3A4 gene promoter in HepG2 cells.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The aqueous extracts of Chrysanthemi Flos, Lycii Fructus, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and the methanol extracts of Chrysanthemi Flos, Crataegi Fructus, Lycii Fructus, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Dioscoreae Rhizoma,and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, activated human PXR-mediated transcription.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The aqueous extracts of Chrysanthemi Flos, Lycii Fructus, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and the methanol extracts of Chrysanthemi Flos, Crataegi Fructus, Lycii Fructus, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Dioscoreae Rhizoma, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma are inducers of CYP3A4 by activating PXR, and thus may influence the metabolism of other substrates on CYP3A4.</p>

Cell Line , Chrysanthemum , Crataegus , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Genetics , Metabolism , Dioscorea , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genes, Reporter , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Lonicera , Lycium , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Receptors, Steroid , Genetics , Metabolism , Salvia miltiorrhiza
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 400-404, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412543


Objective To explore the cognitive status of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients, and to explore the involved cognitive domains, subtypes and risk factors of mild cognitive impairment in ALS ( ALS-MCI).Methods Twenty-nine cases of ALS and 58 healthy volunteers were included.The severity of the bulbar and spinal functions of the patients was evaluated by the Improved Norris Scale.According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition-Revised( DSM-Ⅳ-R) criteria of dementia, ALS cases were classified as demented and non-demented.For non-demented ALS cases, the common cognitive batteries evaluating mental state, verbal memory, executive, attentional and visuospatial abilities were performed.Hamilton Anxiety Scale ( HAMA) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) were evaluated too.They were further classified into ALS-cognitively normal (ALS-CogNL) and ALS-MCI groups according to Petersen criteria of MCI.Risk factors possibly correlated with ALS-MCI were analyzed by comparing the differences in age, age of onset, duration of the disease, sites of onset, symptoms of bulbar and limb function between ALS-CogNL and ALS-MCI groups.Results Among 29 ALS cases, 14 (48.3% ) cases with cognitively normal( ALS-CogNL), 15 cases (51.7% ) with ALS-MCI,and none with dementia were identified.Among 15 ALS-MCI cases, 12 cases with executive dysfunction, 8 cases with memory deficits,9 cases with attention impairment and none with visuospatial impairment were found.ALSMCI cases could be further classified into three subtypes; 1 case with amnestic MCI (aMCI) ,6 cases with single domain non-memory MCI ( sdMCI), and 8 cases with multiple domains slightly impaired MCI (mdMCI).Between ALS-MCI and ALS-CogNL groups, there were significant differences (t = -2.435,- 2.576, both P < 0.05) in education ((8.7 ± 2.8) years vs (11.3 ± 3.0) years) and Improved Norrisscale (bulbar score: (28.4 ± 7.7) scores vs ( 34.0 ± 3.4) scores) , however, no significant differences in sex, age, age of onset, duration,site of onset,HAMA or HAMD scores,and Improved Norris scale( spinal score) were found.Conclusions Cognitive deficits commonly exist in ALS patients.For the involved domains, executive dysfunction is the most common, deficits of attention and memory are also common, and deficit in visuospatial function is not found.The most common subtype of ALS-MCI is mdMCI.Severe bulbar symptoms and lower education may be the risk factors of ALS-MCI.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-537406


Objective To research the effective protection from microwaves radiated from mobile telephones. Methods The observed mobile telephone was covered with a compound membrane developed by us and made from metal foil, metal silk screen, graphite and binder with a thickness of 0.5 mm. The electromagnetic field intensities were determined at 2.6 cm far from the front of the speaker, screen and keyboard of the observed mobile telephones covered with protective membrane or not. Results The electromagnetic field intensities of those three monitored locations mentioned above were 0.145, 0.095 and 0.085 mW/cm 2 for the mobile telephone without the protective membrane respectively, and were all