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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910181

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the gestational‐age‐specific blood pressure curve and percentile blood pressure values of pregnant women in Jiangsu Province, and to explore the clinic significance of the blood pressure changes in women whose blood pressure was less than 140/90 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) in each trimester and eventually developed pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) or pre-eclampsia (PE).Methods:A prospective longitudinal cohort during pregnancy was built. Singleton pregnant women in the first trimester (11-13 +6 weeks) were recruited from July 2017 to September 2020 in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, and were followed up in the second trimester (19-23 +6 weeks), the third trimester (30-33 +6 weeks) and approaching the expected date of delivery (35-38 +6 weeks). The Viewpoint 6.0 software was used to record pregnancy-related information. The blood pressure was measured by standard methods in our clinic. Least mean square (LMS) function was performed to fit the gestational-age-specific blood pressure curve and percentile blood pressure values were calculated at every follow‐up time point. Logistic regression was applied to calculate the OR for the groups with blood pressure ≥95th percentile ( P95). Results:There were 3 728 singleton pregnant women invited in this study, including 3 490 normal pregnant women (93.62%, 3 490/3 728), and 238 pregnant women with PIH or PE (6.38%, 238/3 728). Gestational-age-specific blood pressure curve showed that systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) decreased in the second trimester, compared with those in the first and the third trimester, however the fluctuation of blood pressure was low, but regardless of the gestational age, P95 of SBP, DBP and MAP increased by 14, 11 and 11 mmHg respectively, compared with 50th percentile ( P50). In the first trimester, the risk of developing PIH or PE finally in pregnant women with blood pressure ≥ P95 was 4.36-fold (95% CI: 2.99-6.35) for SBP than women with SBP< P95, 5.22-fold (95% CI: 3.65-7.46) for DBP and 5.14-fold (95% CI: 3.61-7.32) for MAP. When approaching the expected date of delivery, the corresponding risks of the women with blood pressure ≥ P95 were 16.76 times, 27.45 and 27.31 times respectively than those of the women with blood pressure < P95. In the first trimester, every 1 mmHg elevation of SBP the risk developing PIH or PE increased by 24% ( OR=1.24, 95% CI: 1.15-1.33), 44% ( OR=1.44, 95% CI: 1.31-1.59) for DBP and 47% ( OR=1.47, 95% CI: 1.33-1.61) for MAP, respectively. The risk in the second trimester was similar to that in the first trimester, and in the third trimester, the risk was further increased. When approaching the expected date of delivery, DBP or MAP increased by 1 mmHg, the risk developing PIH or PE was double; while SBP increased by 1 mmHg, the risk increased by 58%. The areas under the receiver operator characteristic curves of SBP, DBP and MAP were similar for predicting PIH or PE, and the predictive efficiency were all poor. Conclusions:Construction of percentile blood pressure values for pregnant women is helpful in identification of high-risk women of developing PIH or PE. The risk of PIH or PE in pregnant women with blood pressure ≥ P95 but <140/90 mmHg has significantly increased compared with women with blood pressure < P95.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868143

ABSTRACT

Objective:To access the effectiveness and safety of the intrauterine balloon tamponade verse gauze packing combined with temporary abdominal aortic balloon occlusion in the management of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS).Methods:This was an open-label, randomized controlled trial conducted in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. The patients suspected with PAS for uterine preservation surgery under the multidisciplinary team care were recruited between Aug 2015 and Jan 2018. When bleeding could not be achieved after fetus delivered, and a temporary abdominal aortic balloon occlusion and the compression sutures as needed, the women were randomly allocated 1∶1 into balloon tamponade ( n=81) or gauze packing ( n=80) group. The primary outcome was successful bleeding arrests by avoiding second line surgeries. The secondary outcomes included the volume of blood loss during and after cesarean section, the rate of PPH, incidence and amount of blood transfusion, hysterectomy, postpartum pain, ICU admission, need for re-laparotomy, and the length of hospital stay, readmission, and interventional radiology complications. Results:All the women [100% (81/81)] in the balloon group were obtained hemostasis without further intervention, significantly higher than 88% (70/80) in the gauze group ( P=0.001). Before uterine tamponade, blood loss were 820 ml (620-1 230) ml and 850 ml (605-1 442) ml, while placenta bed were sutured in 96%(78/81, 77/80) respectively ( P>0.05).The proportion of blood loss≥1 000 ml was higher in the gauze group than that in the balloon group ( P=0.006). Maternal adverse events involving total blood loss, puerperal morbidity and postpartum pain occurred more frequently in the gauze group ( P<0.05). The following outcome showed no statistically significant difference between the two groups: the vascular occlusion time, the dose of radiation, and interventional radiology complication ( P>0.05). The median volume infused into the lower and upper balloons is 70 ml (50-100 ml) and 180 ml (100-240 ml). Conclusions:Incrauterine balloon tamponade is as effective as gauze packing in hemostasis following the placenta delivery in PAS. Compared with gauze packing, the uterine balloon tamponade is more effective.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756138

ABSTRACT

Objective Human milk of mothers with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) contains hepatitis B virus (HBV). However, breastfeeding does not increase the risk of mother-to-infant transmission of HBV. Previous investigations demonstrated that breast milk has a property of binding with HBsAg. This study aimed to identify the component in human milk that can bind to HBsAg. Methods This study was performed in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, from June 2015 to February 2017. Human milk samples from two postpartum women with negative HBV markers and two control samples of cow milk and goat milk were analyzed by Far-Western blot, in which highly purified recombinant yeast HBsAg was used to bind with whey proteins. Based on the results of mass-spectrum analysis, competition inhibition test was used to confirm the functioning component. Results Far-Western blot showed remarkable protein bands at the relative molecular weight of about 80 000 in both lanes of human milk, but none in the lane of cow or goat milk. Mass-spectrum analysis of the protein band indicated there were proteins sharing 28.4%-93.4% homology in amino acid sequences with five proteins with the highest homology to lactoferrin (93.4%). Further Far-Western blot with purified recombinant lactoferrin showed that lactoferrin could bind to the recombinant HBsAg. Competition inhibition test suggested that the purified recombinant lactoferrin inhibited the binding of HBsAg to its antibody in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusions This study confirms the capability of lactoferrin in human milk to combine with HBsAg, suggesting that lactoferrin can bind to HBV. Further study on whether lactoferrin can inhibit the infectivity of HBV would be valuable to clarify the reason for not increasing the risk of mother-to-infant transmission of HBV by breastfeeding.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711219

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the current practice in managing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and provide possible interventions to improve the quality of care.MethodsA checklist was developed based on Chinese Medical Association's guideline on HDP. A criteria-based audit was conducted on 66 HDP patients who were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital,The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2016. The quality of care during antepartum and hospitalized period were evaluated, and patient factors were also considered. We also collected data on patients' demographics, complications of HDP, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE)Ⅱ score and duration of hospital stay.T or Mann-WhitneyU test orChi-square test was performed. Results(1) From 2014 to 2016, the number of deliveries in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital was 18573, with 1561 cases (8.4%) of HDP. Among the 66 cases being audited, 44 (66.7%) were preeclampsia; 16 (24.2%) were preeclampsia complicated by chronic hypertension; six (9.1%) were eclampsia; no maternal death was reported. (2) Complications of HDP in this study included heart failure (17 cases, 25.8%), hemolysis, elevated liver enzyme levels, low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome (15 cases, 22.7%), anemia and/or thrombopenia requiring transfusion (12 cases, 18.2%), renal dysfunction (seven cases, 10.6%), eclampsia (six cases, 9.1%), pulmonary edema/acute respiratory distress syndrome (five cases, 7.6%), placenta abruption (four cases, 6.1%), cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis (two cases, 3.0%), cerebral hemorrhage (one case, 1.5%) and hepatic rupture (one case, 1.5%). Their APACHEⅡ score was 9.0±3.9. The duration of ICU and hospital stay was 2 (1-30) d and 8 (4-32) d, respectively. (3) Compared with the gravidas who registered during antenatal care, those without registrations were older [(33.0±6.0) vs (29.1±5.4) years old,t=-2.616], having less antenatal visits [2 (0-4) vs 5 (2-10) times, Z=110.000] and higher blood pressure on admission [(177.0±24.1) vs (155.5±24.6) mmHg of systolic blood pressure (t=-3.322), and (116.4±14.6) vs (108.0±18.7) mmHg of diastolic blood pressure (t=-3.013, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)], and only a few of them were nulliparas [23.8%(5/21) vs 71.1%(32/45),χ2=13.006] (all P<0.05). (4) Among the 66 cases, seven (10.6%) had preeclampsia history, but none of them received aspirin for HDP prevention; 21 (31.8%) did not have regular testing of blood pressure during antenatal check; 24 (36.4%) did not receive proper antenatal evaluation when hypertension was identified. (5) After excluding 20 cases directly admitted upon the first diagnosis of HDP, the rest 46 were managed in the outpatient department. Eighteen of them (39.1%) did not have blood pressure monitoring and 26 of them (56.5%) did not have a regular test of hemoglobin, platelet, urine protein, liver or renal function. (6) Twenty-nine gravidas (43.9%) suffered a delay in referral or admission. (7) All gravidas received magnesium sulphate administration. Thirty-three cases with severe hypertension (systolic blood pressure≥160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure≥110 mmHg) were given antihypertensive drugs with satisfactory blood pressure control. Thirty-six cases with living fetus (26-34+6 gestational weeks) received antenatal dexamethasone. Termination of pregnancy was delayed in three cases after admission.ConclusionsThe management of HDP is not good enough in patients' education, screening for high-risk population, early diagnosis and antenatal care. Quality improvement efforts should be focused on strengthening patient education, training of doctors in primary and secondary hospitals, implementing protocols on antepartum care of preeclampsia and establishing a referral system for patients with severe obstetric complications.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711217

ABSTRACT

The implementation of multidisciplinary clinical audit for cases with severe maternal morbidity is an important way to reduce preventable maternal death. We encourage using screening indicators and additional clinical criteria, especially professional review, to identify real critical case which is potentially improved and then trigger clinical audit. Whatever methods and processes we will take, it is time to start. Further investigations are needed to develop standardized process for facility-based clinical audit, and to provide evidence for updates of guidelines and public health policies.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696681

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the long-term efficacy of neonatal immunoprophylaxis in children born from mothers infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV),and to clarify whether a booster vaccination is required.Methods Totally 252 children of HBV infected mothers,who were negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) tested in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital in 2012,were enrolled to participate in this study from July to September,2017.Revaccination of hepatitis B vaccine was recorded and other relevant informations were collected.HBV serologic markers were detected in each child.Results Totally 198 children (78.6%) were followed up.They were (8.4 ± 2.2) years old and 112 cases were boys.All 198 children were negative for both HBsAg and hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc).The overall positive rate of hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) (≥ 10 IU/L) was 65.7%.During period of 2012 to 2017,53 children were boosted with hepatitis B vaccine.Their median anti-HBs titer in 2017 was higher than that in 2012 (327.95 IU/L vs.158.01 IU/L),and the difference was significant (Z =-4.480,P <0.05).The other 145 children were not revaccinated,their median anti-HBs titer was decreased from 214.19 IU/L in 2012 to 70.49 IU/L in 2017,and the difference was significant (Z =-6.575,P < 0.05).Of 145 children who were not revaccinated,25 cases had anti-HBs levels < 10 IU/L and 120 cases ≥ 10 IU/L in 2012,and the other 47 cases also showed the antibody < 10 IU/L in 2017,but none of them was infected with HBV.Conclusions Neonatal immunoprophylaxis in infants from HBV-infected can provide long-term protection against hepatitis B.The children with anti-HBs < 10 IU/L are still immune to HBV and booster vaccination for them seems unnecessary.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607616

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety of trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) and clinical factors associated with successful TOLAC and to compare TOLAC with elective repeat caesarean section (ERCS) in terms of obstetric and neonatal outcomes.Methods A prospective cohort study was conducted among gravidas who had a history of lower segment cesarean section and were hospitalized in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Medical School of Nanjing University from January to December 2014.Exclusion criteria included indications for caesarean section (such as placenta previa,placenta accreta,twin pregnancy,breech presentation and severe preeclampsia),serious maternal complications after cesarean section,lower uterine segment thinner than 3 mm and poor healing of uterine incision.Totally,287 gravidas were enrolled.Among them,142 chose TOLAC and the other 145 requested ERCS.Clinical data of those gravidas were collected and statistically analyzed by t-test,Log-rank test,Chi-square or Fisher's exact test.Results (1) The success rate of TOLAC was 90.8% (129/142).There was no significant difference in maternal age,gestational age,thickness of lower uterine segment,interval between the two deliveries and neonatal birth weight and asphyxia rate between the successful (n=129) and unsuccessful (n=13) groups (all P>0.05).Although the two groups had no significant difference in postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) rate,the gravidas who failed in TOLAC lost more blood than those who succeeded [425 (195-675) vs 200 (50-1 400) ml,P<0.05].Moreover,higher amniotic fluid contamination rate was observed in the unsuccessful group [6/13 vs 17.1% (22/129),P<0.05].In the TOLAC group,99.3% (141/142) were under continuous fetal heart rate monitoring.Incomplete uterine rupture occurred in one women without serious maternal or neonatal outcomes.The reasons for 13 failed TOLAC cases were unbearable pain during labor,abnormal labor,fetal distress and threatened rupture of uterus.(2) Compared with the ERCS group,the TOLAC group showed shorter interval from last cesarean section to the indexed delivery[5 (2-18) vs 6 (2-19) years],younger maternal age [(31±4) vs (33 ±4) years old] and less blood loss [200 (50-1 400) vs 300 (100-1 500) ml] (all P<0.05).Conclusion Our study shows that,those who preferred TOLAC were younger,or had shorter pregnancy interval from last cesarean section.The success rate of TOLAC is high for women undergoing systematic prenatal assessment and close management during labor with less blood loss and non-serious maternal and neonatal complications compared with ERCS.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790454

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety of fibrin sealant (FS) intraperitoneal injection in SD rats .Methods 80 male and female SD rats were randomly divided into four groups (0 ,85.5 ,171 .0 ,342 .0 mg/kg) by body weight .All rats were in-traperitoneally injected with vehicle or FS daily for 14 days followed by a 28-day recovery period .The clinical signs ,hematolog-ical and biochemical indices were measured .The pathology were observed .Results Increase of white blood cell count (WBC) and decrease of fibrinogen (FIB) in d 14 were found in 171 .0 mg/kg and 342 .0 mg/kg dosage groups .Furthermore ,the tend-ency of weight increase of spleen were found in 171 .0 mg/kg and 342 .0 mg/kg dosage groups .Pathological exams of peritoneal cavity found that there were granulation tissues containing FS in some of the rats in 342 .0 mg/kg group .All of these changes got reversed after the recovery period .Conclusion The safety dose in this study is considered to be 85.5 mg/kg ,and the toxic-ity dose is 171 .0 mg/kg .The target toxicity systems or site of FS in SD rats are hematological system ,immune system and in-jection site .The toxic effects of FS are reversible .

9.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1056-1059, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459494

ABSTRACT

Objective The concentration of cytokines in the amniotic fluid ( AF) may reflect the immune state of maternal-fetal interface .This study aimed to investigate the level of inflammation -related cytokines in the mid-trimester AF of normal pregnant women. Methods This study included 263 pregnant women undergoing mid-trimester genetic amniocentesis , and all of them had normal pregnancy outcomes .Using MILLIPLEX MAP and Luminex, we measured the concentrations of interleukin IL-10, IL-1β, IL-6, monocyte chemotactic MCP-1, and tumor necrosis factor TNF-αin the AF collected from the women at 18-22 +6 weeks′gesta-tion.We analyzed the correlation of their concentrations with maternal age , gestational age , and fetal gender by rank sum test . Results The median concentrations of IL-10, IL-1β, IL-6, MCP-1, and TNF-αin AF at mid-trimester were 7.91, 0.97, 78.15, 1 135.57, and 8.47 pg/mL, respectively.The levels of IL-10 and IL-1βwere higher in the pregnancies with male fetuses than in those with female fetuses (8.54 and 1.18 pg/mL vs 7.72 and 0.85 pg/mL, P=0.043 and 0.008).Maternal age or gestational week at the mid-trimester exhibited no influence on the concentrations of the 5 cytokines. Conclusion The levels of IL-10, IL-1β, IL-6, MCP-1 and TNF-αremain stable in AF at mid-trimester and the former 2 are higher in pregnancies with male fetuses .

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1060-1064, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459223

ABSTRACT

Objective Preoperative autologous blood donation ( PABD) may reduce the need for allogeneic blood , but it may also cause a short massive blood loss in pregnant women , and its fetal and maternal safety has to be adequately assessed .This study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of PABD for pregnant women and their fetuses . Methods A prospective observational study was conducted among the women who met the inclusion criteria and gave birth in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital between January and December 2013 .According to the clinical validation of risk stratification criteria for peripartum hemorrhage of California 2013 , the ca-ses were classified into a low-, a medium-, and a high-risk group.Data on blood donation procedures , obstetric outcomes, and blood transfusions were collected after delivery for analysis . Results Totally, 92 pregnant women accomplished 115 blood donations .The median volumes of the donated blood were 300, 300, and 400 mL in the low-, medium-, and high-risk groups, respectively ( P>0.001).There were no significant changes in HR , SBP and SpO2 during the blood donation procedures (P>0.05) except for the fall of diastolic blood pressure by an average of 3.4 mmHg (P0.05), which were similar to those in the cases who donated twice , with no significant differences before and after the donation (P>0.05). Homologous blood transfusion was performed for 5 cases (17.9%) in the high-risk group, with the volume of blood loss >2000 mL in all the cases.All the newborns survived without asphyxia and there was no perinatal death . Conclusion PABD can provide timely autologous whole blood donation for pregnant women .Under strict management , PABD is feasible and safe for pregnant patients who are at a high risk for massive blood loss during delivery or have a rare type of blood no readily available .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452851

ABSTRACT

To investigate the impact of maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier state on twin pregnancy outcomes. Methods From January 2004 to December 2012, 569 women with twin pregnancy were hospitalized in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. Thirty-two women positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)(negative for hepatitis B e antigen, with normal liver function before conception)were included in the HBsAg-positive group and the other 537 women were included in the HBsAg-negative group. The pregnancy outcomes of the two groups were compared by t test and Chi-square test. The risk factors for neonatal birth weight were analyzed by multivariate regression analysis. Results Compared with the HBsAg-negative group, the HBsAg-positive women had a higher incidence of abnormal liver function (alanine aminotransferase≥50 U/L) [18.8% (6/32) vs 5.8% (31/537), χ2=6.367, P=0.012]. The incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus was 21.9% (7/32) in the HBsAg-positive group, which was higher than in the HBsAg-negative group [11.6% (62/537)], although the difference was not significant (χ2=2.132, P=0.144). The incidences of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy,hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy, premature rupture of membranes, placenta previa, fetal distress, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm birth, caesarean section, umbilical cord around the neck, meconium-staining amniotic fluid and neonatal asphyxia were no statistical difference between two groups (all P<0.05, respectively). Multivariate regression analysis showed that gestational diabetes mellitus (β=67.869, 95%CI: 0.494-135.244, P=0.048), maternal age (β=6.592, 95%CI: 2.020-11.880, P=0.006) and gestational age (β=164.069, 95%CI:154.426-173.712, P<0.01) were risk factors for neonatal birth weight, but not the maternal HBsAg-positive status (β=78.864, 95%CI: -16.950-174.678, P=0.107). Conclusion Twin pregnancy and HBV carrier state increase the risk of abnormal liver function, but not other adverse pregnancy outcomes and newborn diseases.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383346

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the different expression of microRNA-155 (miR-155) and cysteine-rich 61 (CYR61) in human placentas between severe preeclamptic and normal pregnancies.Methods Placentas were obtained from severe preeclamptic and healthy control pregnant women (n=18 for each group) at 36~40 gestational weeks. The expressions of miR-155 and CYR61 mRNA were assessed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and the levels of CYR61 protein were tested by Western blot. Results Compared with the control group, the miR-155 expression was increased in placentas from severe preeclampsia groups ( 165. 7 ± 16. 4 vs 527.9±49.1,t=7.00, P<0.01), and the CYR61 mRNA expression (31.7±2.7 vs 16.4±1.2,t=5.10,P<0. 01), as well as the CYR61 protein expression (36.4±1.5 vs 19.7±1.2,t=36.26, P<0.01 ) were decreased. There was a significantly negative correlation between the expression of miR-155 and CYR61 mRNA within both groups (preeclamptic group: r=-0.52, P<0.05;control:r=-0.57, P<0.05). Conclusions Up-regulation of placental miR-155 in severe preeclampsia may be related to the decreased expression of CYR61. Both miR-155 and CYR61 may contribute to the disorders of placental angiogenesis in severe preeclampsia in human.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404698

ABSTRACT

A newly developed topological vector of atom Y_C, equilibrium electro-negativity of atom q_e, molecular structural information parameter[N_H~i(i=α, β)] and γ calibration parameter were used to describe the local chemical microenvironment of 63 acyclic alcoholic compounds. Quantitative structural spectrum relationships (QSSR) was systematically made on relationship between ~(13)C NMR chemical shifts of 353 carbon atoms and their molecular structure descriptors. By partial least square regression(PLS), the statistical results indicated that the model correlation coefficient and standard error were 0.9915 and 2.4827, respectively. And the average absolute error was only 2.01×10~(-6) between the calculated and experimental chemical shifts for 353 carbon atoms. To validate the estimation stability for internal samples and the predictive capability for external samples of resulting models, leave-molecule-out(LMO) cross validation(CV) and external validation were performed. Compared with the reported result, not only the number of descriptors employed in this study was much fewer, but also the calculation was much easier.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319076

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of artificial bone composite of bicoral, rhBMP-2 and PLA in repairing calvarial critical-size defects.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Calvarial defects in 24 rabbits were surgically made and then half of the defects were repaired with the artificial composite bone. Another half of them were repaired with bicoral/PLA composite and served as controls. Four rabbits in each group were sacrificed at 4, 8, 12 weeks after operation, respectively. The treatment effects were evaluated with scanning electron microscopy and mechanical strength testing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>New bone was observed not only in the periphery, but also inside the artificial bone in both groups, but earlier and more new bone formation was observed in treatment group compared with control group. The mechanical strength test showed that the artificial bone in two groups, which had same mechanical strength before implantation, had significant different mechanical strength after operation. The strength of the artificial composite bone was higher than that of controls and was same with normal rabbit calvarial bone.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The artificial composite bone possess a highly repairing ability, and the healing in bone defects may be accomplished by both osteoinductive and osteoconductive mechanism. The material may be used as a good substitute for bone grafting.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthozoa , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Bone Regeneration , Bone Substitutes , Therapeutic Uses , Implants, Experimental , Lactic Acid , Therapeutic Uses , Polyesters , Polymers , Therapeutic Uses , Rabbits , Recombinant Proteins , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Skull , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Transforming Growth Factor beta
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-584865

ABSTRACT

Genomic imprinting plays a fundamental role in mammal fetal growth and behavior. Abnormal expression of imprinted genes is associated with some genetic diseases and cancers. Imprinted insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF-2) controls fetal growth by regulating nutrient transportation in placenta. Paternal uniparental disomy, duplication of paternal allele and loss of imprinting are 3 molecular mechanisms of IGF-2 overexpression that can cause Beckwith-Weidemann’s syndrome (BWS). Some assisted reproductive techniques may cause some epigenetic changes that affect embryonic and postnatal development.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552227

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct HBV adr gene vaccine pCMVS 2-S and to observe the specific humoral immune responses in C57BL/6 mice after gene immunization. Methods: The HBV gene vaccine was injected into tibialis anterior muscles of C57BL/6 mice. ELISA was used to detected the anti-HBs antibody in mice sera at various time points after gene transfer. Results: Anti-HBs in sera of mice was tested positive 1 week after plasmid injected, the level of antibody peaked 4 weeks later, and kept high titer for at least 2 months. Conclusion: The good response of humoral immunity can be induced by injection of pCMVS 2-S in C57BL/6 mice.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410482

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the long-term toxicity of recombinant human interleukin-11(rhIL-11) in cynomolgus. Methods: Eighteen cynomolgus were randomized into 4 groups: control group(2/sex), low dose group(2/sex), medium dose group(2/sex), and high dose group(3/sex). The drug groups were sc adminstered 0.1, 0.3 and 1.0 mg/kg of rhIL-11 for 90 days with a 30-day recovery period. The clinical signs were observed, electrocardiogram, hematological, biochemical, urinary and immunological parameters were measured, organ masses were weighed, bone marrow and pathological histology were observed. Results: The food consumption, body mass of the drug groups were decreased, the body temperature was increased transiently. One of the low dose group showed restricted movements and tremors. One of the high dose group vomited and another died. Reduced red blood cell(RBC) count, hemoglobin(Hb) concentration, hematocrit(Hct), mean corpuscular volume(MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin(MCH), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration(MCHC), dose-related increase of platelet(Plat) counts were present in drug groups. Biochemical examinations revealed dose-related decreases in serum alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), total proteins(TP) and albumin(Alb) increases in serum alkaline phosphatase(ALP) levels. Positive antibody responses were seen and circulatory immune complex(CIC) was significantly increased in all drug groups. Hypertropy of marrow megakaryocyocytes was noted in the medium and high dose groups. The heart and liver masses were slightly increased in all treatment groups. Treatment-related microscopic findings included dose-related degeneration in the liver and the kidney. The adverse effects were reversed by the end of the recovery period. Conclusion: The target organs and systems are blood, liver, kidney, immmue system and bone marrow. The toxicity injuries were reversible and the no-toxic-effect level is 0.1 mg/kg.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of N-acetylcysteine(NAC)on the number of Clara cells and secretion of Clara cell16000(CC16)protein in murine asthmatic model.Methods:The murine asthmatic model was established by sensitiz-ing and challenging BALB/c mice with ovalbumin(OVA).Thirty mice were divided into control,asthmatic and NAC groups (n=10). The number of Clara cells and synthesis of CC16were determined by immunohistochemistry.The CC16level in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF)was determined by Western blot.Results:The proportions of Clara cells in terminal and respiratory bronchioles were(58.05?3.75)%and(63.70?1.79)%in the asthmatic group,(74.54?5.81)%and (78.46?1.68)% in the control(P

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670540

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the biodegradable of coral PLA composite artifical bone combined with bBMP or rhBMP as a new kind of bone substitute material. Methods: The composites were implanted into the muscle pouches of mice after combined with rhBMP-2 or bBMP respectively. Ectopic osteoinductive activity of rhBMP-2 or bBMP was examined and compared by histology and histo-morphometry.Results: rhBMP-2 and bBMP had different osteoinductivety. rhBMP-2 appeared to induce less bone and more angioid tissue and marrow. While bBMP seemed to have opposite effects. Conclusion: bBMP is more osteoinductive than rhBMP-2.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-550624

ABSTRACT

Immunohistochemical localization of many sorts of tumor tissues from paraffin sections was studied using the ABC method with the monoclonal antibody secreted by the established two anti-osteosarcoma cell lines. It showed that the OS-McAb1 and OS-McAb2 had a negative reaction on the tested benign tumors and malignant tumors of epithelial tissue. Of the tested malignant tumors of mesenchyma, the antibodies had a positive reaction on some osteogenic sarcoma. They did not cross-react with various normal adult or fetal tissues, indicating that the OS-McAbs had a rather high specificity. They had a certain practical value in the immunopathologic diagnosis of malignant osteogenic tumors.

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