Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.259
Filter
1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 415-420, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013650

ABSTRACT

During the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) , many patients have developed drug resistance due to the use of targeted EGFR inhibitors. The main reasons for drug resistance are EGFR site mutations and bypass activation. Activation of ALK pathway is one of the major types of bypass activation. A recent authoritative study indicates that ALK is closely related to immunotherapy. This article reviews the treatment of ALK in tumors from three aspects: the structure and physiological function of ALK, the small molecule inhibitor of ALK, the biological function of ALK and its related treatment methods for NSCLC, and prospects future directions for better application of ALK in the treatment of NSCLC.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 248-255, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013619

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the impacts of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) on the phenotypes, endocy-tosis and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/ Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK)/P38 mitogen-ac-tivated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway in indoxyl sulfate (IS) -induced dendritic cells (DCs). Methods After treatment with 30, 300 and 600 (xmol · L

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 629-634, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012585

ABSTRACT

As a new type of immunosuppressant,iguratimod can mediate the anti-inflammatory signaling pathway by inhibiting the proliferation of inflammatory cells and reducing the release of inflammatory cytokines, and play the role of anti-inflammatory. It can affect the proliferation of immune cells and the expression of immune factors,reduce the production and deposition of immune complexes in the body,and play the role of immune regulation. It can regulate bone metabolism by mediating signaling pathways such as Wnt/β-catenin,Toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor-κB and osteoprotegerin/nuclear factor-κB receptor activating factor ligand, and play a role in bone protection. It can inhibit pulmonary fibrosis by inhibiting the expression of transforming growth factor β1/ Smad2/3 signaling pathway,tumor necrosis factor-α,interleukin-1,interleukin-6,matrix metalloproteinase-9 and other inflammatory cytokines in lung tissue,and inhibiting the expression of collagen and fibronectin. Its efficacy and safety have been confirmed in the clinical application of rheumatoid arthritis and primary Sjogren syndrome and included in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. It has also shown good efficacy in the clinical application of other connective tissue diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and ankylosing spondylitis,and no obvious safety risks have been found.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003772

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the plasma pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of five representative components in Wujiwan, and to illustrate the difference of metabolism and tissue distribution before and after compatibility. MethodHealthy male SD rats were divided into four groups, including Wujiwan group(A group, 62.96 g·L-1), Coptidis Rhizoma group(B group, 38.4 g·L-1), processed Euodiae Fructus group(C group, 5.88 g·L-1) and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba group(D group, 18.68 g·L-1), with 65 rats in each group, and were administered the drugs according to the clinical dose of decoction pieces converted into the dose of the extracts. Then plasma, liver, small intestine and brain were taken at pharmacokinetic set time in each group after administration. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry was developed for the quantitative analysis of five representative components[berberine(Ber), palmatine(Pal), evodiamine(Evo), rutecarpine(Rut) and paeoniflorin(Pae)] in Wujiwan, their concentrations in plasma, liver, small intestine and brain were detected at different time, plasma samples were processed by protein precipitation, and tissue samples were pretreated by protein precipitation plus liquid-liquid extraction. Non-atrioventricular model was used to calculate the pharmacokinetic parameters of each component, and the parameters of each group were compared. ResultPharmacokinetic results of A group showed that area under the curve(AUC0-t) of the five representative components were ranked as follows:Ber and Pal were small intestine>liver>blood, Evo and Rut were liver>small intestine>plasma, Pae was small intestine>plasma, which was not detected in the liver, no other components were detected in brain except for Ber. In comparison with plasma and other tissues, peak concentration(Cmax) of Ber, Pal, Evo, and Rut were the highest and time to peak(tmax) were the lowest in the liver of A group. In plasma, the AUC0-t and Cmax of Evo and Rut were increased in A group compared with C group, tmax of Pea was elevated and its Cmax was decreased in A group compared with D group. In the liver, compared with B-D groups, Cmax values of 5 representative components except Pae were elevated, AUC0-t of Pae was decreased and AUC0-t of Evo and Rut were increased in the A group. In the small intestine, half-life(t1/2) of each representative components in A group was elevated and tmax was decreased, and Cmax of each representative ingredient except Pal was decreased, AUC0-t values of Ber and Pal were increased, whereas the AUC0-t values of Evo and Rut were decreased. ConclusionThe small intestine, as the effector organ, is the most distributed, followed by the liver. The pharmacokinetic parameters of the representative components in Wujiwan are changed before and after compatibility, which is more favorable to the exertion of its pharmacodynamic effects.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003406

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of Jiaohong pills (JHP) and its prescription, Pericarpium Zanthoxyli (PZ) and Rehmanniae Radix (RR) cognitive dysfunction in scopolamine-induced Alzheimer's disease (AD) mice and its mechanism through pharmacodynamic and metabolomics study. MethodThe animal model of AD induced by scopolamine was established and treated with PZ, RG and JHP, respectively. The effects of JHP and its formulations were investigated by open field test, water maze test, object recognition test, avoidance test, cholinergic system and oxidative stress related biochemical test. Untargeted metabolomics analysis of cerebral cortex was performed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-Quadrupole/Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS). ResultThe behavioral data showed that, compared with the model group, the discrimination indexes of the high dose of JHP, PZ and RR groups was significantly increased (P<0.05). The staging rate of Morris water maze test in the PZ, RR, high and low dose groups of JHP was significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the crossing numbers in the PZ, JHP high and low dose groups were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01); the number of errors in the avoidance test were significantly reduced in the PZ and high-dose JHP groups (P<0.01), and the error latencies were significantly increased in the JHP and its prescription drug groups (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the activities of acetylcholinesterase in the cerebral cortex of the two doses of JHP group and the PZ group were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the activity of acetylcholinesterase in the high-dose JHP group was significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the level of acetylcholine was significantly increased (P<0.01). At the same time, the contents of malondialdehyde in the serum of the two dose groups of JHP decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of metabolomics study of cerebral cortex showed that 149 differential metabolites were identified between the JHP group and the model group, which were involved in neurotransmitter metabolism, energy metabolism, oxidative stress and amino acid metabolism. ConclusionJHP and its prescription can antagonize scopolamine-induced cognitive dysfunction, regulate cholinergic system, and reduce oxidative stress damage. The mechanism of its therapeutic effect on AD is related to the regulation of neurotransmitter, energy, amino acid metabolism, and improvement of oxidative stress.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999180

ABSTRACT

Demyelination of the central nervous system often occurs in neurodegenerative diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS). The myelin sheath, a layer of myelin membrane wrapping the axon, plays a role in the rapid conduction and metabolic coupling of impulses for neurons. The exposure of the axon will lead to axonal degeneratio, and further neuronal degeneration, which is the main cause of dysfunction and even disability in patients with demyelinating neurodegenerative diseases. In addition to the demyelination of mature myelin sheath, remyelination disorder is also one of the major reasons leading to the development of the diseases. The myelin sheath is composed of oligodendrocytes (OLs) derived from oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) which are differentiated from neural stem cells (NSCs). The process of myelin regeneration, i.e., remyelination, is the differentiation of NSCs into OLs. Recent studies have shown that this process is regulated by a variety of genes. MicroRNAs, as important regulators of neurodegenerative diseases, form a complex regulatory network in the process of myelin regeneration. This review summarizes the main molecular pathways of myelin regeneration and microRNAs involved in this process and classifies the mechanisms and targets. This review is expected to provide a theoretical reference for the future research on the treatment of demyelinating diseases by targeting the regulation of microRNAs.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 851-859, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013800

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the effect of epimedium on the proliferation and stem cell-like character expression of breast cancer cells, and investigate the relationship between the inhibition of stem cell-like character and miR-148a by epimedium, and its molecular mechanism. Methods After treatment with different concentrations of epimedium, cell viability and population dependence were detected by MTT assay and colony formation assay; the breast cancer stem cell-derived mammosphere formation was examined by Mammosphere assay; the expression levels of CD44,ALDH-1, Oct4,BMIl and EpCAM were detected by qPCR; the protein expression levels of EpCAM, SOX4, ZO-1, E-cadherin and vimentin were detected by Western blot; the protein localization of EpCAM was observed by im-munofluorescence assay; the effect of epimedium on migration was detected by wound healing assay. The miR-148a mimic was transfected into MDA-MB-231 cells, and the effects of epimedium on stem-like character expression of transfected MDA-MB-231 cells were observed. Results Epimedium significantly inhibited the proliferation and population dependence of MDA-MB-231 cells (P < 0.05 ), and reduced the breast cancer stem cell-derived mammosphere formation; compared with control group, epimedium significantly decreased mRNA levels of CD44, ALDH-1, Oct4, BMI1 and EpCAM (P <0.05) ,decreased protein contents of EpCAM, SOX4 and Vimentin (P < 0.05 ), up-regulated the protein expression of ZO-1 and e-cadherin ( P <0.05) ,and decreased the migration ability of MDA-MB-231 cells (P < 0.05). Epimedium up-regulated the expression of miR-148a in MDA-MB-231 cells (P <0.01). YYH + miR-148a mimic group significantly inhibited stem-like character expression and EMT process of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells compared with control group (P <0.05). Conclusions Epimedium can inhibit the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells, which may be related to the up-regulation of miR-148a, decrease of stem-like character expression of breast cancer cells,and inhibition of EMT.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1470-1477, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013728

ABSTRACT

Aim To systematically evaluate the heat-clearing mechanism of Arnebiae Radix on two mouse models of blood heat syndrome. Methods The drug-forming molecules were screened by comprehensive network pharmacology methods, and the correlation between drug efficacy and related factors and targets was evaluated on the mouse model of short effect blood heat syndrome constructed by 2, 4-dinitrophenol (DNP) and the mouse model of severe blood heat syndrome (heat stroke) constructed by high temperature combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Results A total of 277 shikonin related targets were collected, mainly involving biological processes such as inflammatory reaction, oxidation reaction and coagulation reaction. Shikonin, a representative compound, significantly improved the main syndromes of mice with blood heat syndrome, reduced the levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the two models, and reduced the contents of oxidative damage indexes LPO and MDA, and the two showed correlation. The main mechanism was to inhibit the expression of NF-ΚB p65 and up-regulate the expression of Nrf2. Conclusions Shikonin plays a pharmacological role in the prevention and treatment of blood heat syndrome by inhibiting inflammation and improving antioxidant capacity, which provides a pharmacological basis for shikonin in the prevention and treatment of blood heat syndrome.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2295-2304, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013670

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of squalene ep-oxidase ( SQLE) in cervical squamous cell carcinoma and the molecular mechanism. Methods Firstly, the gene expression profiling interactive analysis (GEPIA) database was used to analyze the mRNA expression of SQLE in cervical squamous cell carcinoma and normal cervical tissues, and the human protein atlas ( HPA) database was used to obtain the expression of SQLE protein in cervical squamous cell carcinoma and normal cervical tissues. We researched the correlation between SQLE gene and the clinicopathological characteristics of cervical squamous cell carcinoma through UALCAN database. Then GEPIA database was utilized to evaluate the overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) of cervical squamous cell carcinoma patients with high expression of SQLE mRNA. Finally, Siha cells were taken as the research object, and the effects of SQLE gene on proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of Siha cells were observed by using small interfering RNA ( siRNA) to inhibit the expression of SQLE gene and transfecting recombinant plasmid to promote the expression of SQLE gene. The mRNA expression of SQLE was assessed by qPT-PCR. Bax, Bcl-2, Vimentin, E-cadherin, PI3K, Akt, p-PI3K and p-Akt protein expression levels were examined by Western blot. Results The mRNA expression and protein expression of SQLE in cervical squamous cell carcinoma was higher than that in normal tissues (P < 0. 05 ), and the OS of patients with high expression of SQLE mRNA was significantly shortened in cervical squamous cell carcinoma ( P < 0. 05 ). The expression of SQLE in stage IV of cervical squamous cell carcinoma was significantly higher than that in stage I, II and III (P < 0. 01). And the expression of SQLE in lymph node metastasis Nl group was markedly higher than that in NO group ( P < 0. 01 ). Cell experiments showed that interference with SQLE could significantly inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of Siha cells, and promote their apoptosis (P < 0. 01 ). The trend was opposite when SQLE was overexpressed. SQLE knockdown decreased the protein expression levels of Bcl-2, Vimentin, p-PI3K and p-Akt, increased the protein expression levels of Bax and E-cadherin, and the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax decreased significantly (P < 0. 05, P < 0. 01 ) . The trend was opposite when SQLE was overexpressed. Conclusions SQLE is highly expressed in human cervical squamous cell carcinoma. SQLE may induce Siha cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and inhibit their apoptosis by regulating PDK/Akt signaling pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 708-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013159

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summary the clinical presentation and prognosis of primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS) in teenagers. Methods: The clinical data, renal pathological types and prognosis of 118 children over 10-year-old with PNS treated in the Department of Nephrology of the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2010 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, with 408 children ≤10-year-old as control group synchronously. Chi-square test was used to compare the difference of clinical types, pathologic types, response to steroids and tubulointerstitial changes between the groups. The teenagers with steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) were divided into initial non-responder group and late non-responder group. Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the difference of persistent proteinuria, and Fisher's exact test for the histological types. Results: There were 118 children >10-year-old, including 74 males and 44 females, with the onset age of 12.1 (10.8, 13.4) years; and 408 children ≤10-year-old with the onset age of 4.5 (3.2, 6.8) years. The proportion of SRNS was significantly higher in patients >10-year-old than those ≤10-year-old (24.6% (29/118) vs. 15.9% (65/408), χ2=4.66, P=0.031). There was no statistical difference in the pathological types between >10-year-old and ≤10-year-old (P>0.05), with minimal change disease the most common type (56.0% (14/25) vs. 60.5% (26/43)). The percentage of cases with renal tubulointerstitial lesions was significantly higher in children >10-year-old compared to those ≤10-year-old (60.0% (15/25) vs. 23.3% (10/43), χ2=9.18, P=0.002). There were 29 cases presented with SRNS in PNS over 10-year-old, including 19 initial non-responders and 10 late non-responders. Analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curve, it was shown that the percentage of persistent proteinuria after 6 months of immunosuppressive treatments was significantly higher in initial non-responders than those of the late non-responders ((22±10)% vs. 0, χ2=14.68, P<0.001); the percentage of minimal change disease was significantly higher in patients of late non-responders than those of the initial non-responders (5/6 vs. 3/13, P=0.041). Of the 63 >10-year-old with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome followed up more than one year, 38 cases (60.3%) had relapse, and 14 cases (22.2%) were frequent relapse nephrotic syndrome and steroid dependent nephrotic syndrome. Among the 45 patients followed up over 18-year-old, 22 cases (48.9%) had recurrent proteinuria continued to adulthood, 3 cases of SRNS progressed to kidney insufficiency, and one of them developed into end stage kidney disease and was administrated with hemodialysis. Conclusions: Cases over 10-year-old with PNS tend to present with SRNS and renal tubulointerstitial lesions. They have a favorable prognosis, but are liable to relapse in adulthood.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Child , Humans , Nephrotic Syndrome/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Nephrosis, Lipoid/drug therapy , Prognosis , Proteinuria/etiology , Recurrence
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008108

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the research status,hotspots,and development tendency of macrophage polarization (MP) in atherosclerosis (AS) by systematically reviewing and visually analyzing the articles published recently in this field,so as to provide new ideas for the basic research and translational research on MP in the prevention and treatment of AS.Methods SCI-Expanded was used as the data source for the retrieval of the articles involving MP in AS from 2012 to 2022.CiteSpace 6.1.R3 was employed to visualize the node information of the publishing country/region,institutions,authors,keywords,and citations.Results A total of 381 papers were included.The number of publications in the world showed an increasing trend year by year.China and the United States were leading this field in the number and centrality of publications,and Shandong University in China contributed the largest number of publications.The analysis of the key words and citations showed that the hotspots and frontiers in this field mainly included the pathogenesis of AS,MP markers,macrophage plasticity regulation,and potential therapeutic targets for AS.Conclusions The research on MP in AS was booming during 2012-2022.The differential gene expression and the molecular mechanism of targeted therapy of MP in AS are the research trends in this field,which will provide new measures for the prevention and treatment of AS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atherosclerosis , China , Macrophages , Universities
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004785

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the correlation between platelet transfusion efficacy and KIR receptor-HLA ligand. 【Methods】 Thirty-three leukemia patients with positive HLA antibody were tested for cross-matching with donor platelets. Platelets from suitable donors were selected for transfusion, and the 24-hour platelet corrected count increment (CCI) was used to determine the transfusion effect. KIR and ligand genotyping were performed on blood samples from patients and donors by PCR-SSP method, and the relationship between platelet transfusion effects and KIR receptor-HLA ligand was analyzed. 【Results】 In 74 occasions of platelet transfusion, 42 were ineffective and 32 were effective. When the donor had C2 gene and HLA-B Bw4-80T gene, the frequency of ineffective platelet transfusion in the recipient was 69.0% (29/42) and 52.4% (22/35), respectively, which was significantly higher than that in the effective group [25.0% (8/32) and 25.0% (8/32)]. When the donor had C1 gene, and the frequency of effective platelet transfusion in the recipient was 100.0%(32/32), which was higher than that in the ineffective group [83.3%(35/42)]. When the recipient-donor matching mode was KIR2DL1-C2 and KIR3DL1-(HLA-B Bw4-80T), the frequency of ineffective platelet transfusion was 69.0%(29/42) and 40.5%(22/42),higher than that of the effective group [25% (8/32) and 18.8% (6/32)]. When the recipient-donor matching model was KIR2DL3-C1, the rate of effective platelet transfusion in 32 patients (100.0%), which was higher than that (35 patients 83. 3%) in the ineffective group. When the mismatch mode of recipient iKIR+donor HLA ligand receptor was KIR2DL1-C2, the frequency of effective platelet transfusion in the recipient was 78.1% (25/32), which was much higher than that in the ineffective group [31.0% (13/42)]. When the mismatch mode was KIR3DL1-(HLA-B Bw4-80T), the rate of effective platelet transfusion in the recipient was 68.8% (22/32), which was higher than that in the ineffective group (42.9%, 18/42). The difference between the above groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 HLA-C1 and HLA-C2 genes are the key factors affecting the efficacy of platelet transfusion.For platelet refractorines, HLA-C1 is the protective gene, while HLA-C2 and HLA-B Bw4-80T are the susceptible genes. The recipient iKIR+donor HLA ligand receptor model may play an important role in platelet refractoriness.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3051-3054, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003545

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy and safety of domestic Paliperidone extended-release tablets as a substitute for original Paliperidone extended-release tablets in the treatment of stable schizophrenia. METHODS A total of 65 patients with schizophrenia, who were treated with single original Paliperidone extended-release release tablets for 2 months or more in the outpatient or inpatient department of Shandong Daizhuang Hospital from June 2021 to June 2022, were collected and randomly divided into the domestic group (33 cases) and the original group (32 cases). The domestic group was treated with the same dose of domestic Paliperidone extended-release tablets instead for 2 months, and the original group continued to use the previous dose of the original drug for 2 months. Positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) and treatment emergent symptom scale (TESS) were used to evaluate the two groups at the time of enrollment and the end of 1 week, 1 month and 2 months after enrollment. The incidence of ADR was calculated at the end of 2 months after enrollment. The fasting blood glucose, blood lipid indicators (triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, very-low-density lipoprotein), serum prolactin levels, and paliperidone blood concentration were determined after the intravenous blood sample was collected. The ratio of paliperidone blood concentration to dose (C/D value) was calculated, and an electrocardiogram was performed. RESULTS There were 31 and 30 patients in the domestic group and the original group who completed the trial, respectively. There were no statistical significances in PANSS score, TESS score or C/D value at the time of enrollment and the end of 1 week, 1 month and 2 months after enrollment; there were no statistical significances in the levels of fasting blood glucose, blood lipid or serum prolactin at the time of enrollment and at the end of 2 months after enrollment (P>0.05). PANSS scores of both groups significantly decreased at the end of 1 month and 2 months after enrollment (P<0.01). The incidences of ADR were 25.81% in the domestic group and 30.00% in the original group, without significant difference (P>0.05), and there were no significant abnormalities in the electrocardiograms of the two groups. CONCLUSIONS Domestic Paliperidone extended-release tablets can directly replace the original tablets in the treatment of stable schizophrenia, and their clinical efficacy and safety are comparable.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate and analyze the current situation of dentists in Guangdong pro-vince regarding the management of avulsed incisors, thereby providing a reference for making treatment strategies for avulsed incisors in the future.@*METHODS@#A total of 712 dentists with different educational backgrounds and working conditions in Guangdong province were randomly selected to conduct an online questionnaire survey on the cognition of children with avulsed incisors from April 2022 to May 2022. The data were recorded by Excel software and statistics were analyzed on Stata/SE 15.1.@*RESULTS@#A total of 712 dentists were investigated and 701 questionnaires were collected (98.46%). In addition, 65.9% of investigators came from the Department of Stomatology in a First-class Hospital or Stomatological Hospital. The results showed that the average number of avulsed teeth consulted by dentists was less than 20 per year. Although 99.7% of respondents considered normal saline as a suitable storage medium, 3.1% and 23.8% of them had a misunderstanding that the tap/alcohol could be used for root cleaning. Moreover, 93.4% was the correct selection rate of the treatment plan for processing on root surfaces before replanting by investigators. The correct selection rate of the duration using elastic fixation was only 10.7%. Meanwhile, 42.9% of investigators refused to inoculate tetanus immunoglobulin after teeth replanting. Emergency management of dental avulsion (EM) and clinical management of dental avulsion (CM) answered correctly with average scores of 14.60±11.85 and 14.48±2.67, respectively. Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that working years were negatively correlated with EM and CM scores (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between CM and EM scores with the number of avulsion cases treated by physicians each year (P<0.05). In terms of the EM score of dentists' learning attitude, investigators who had received enough knowledge were higher than those who had not and insufficient knowledge reserved, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The scores of investigators who thought they had a certain degree of knowledge about dental trauma were higher than those who thought they "did not understand", and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In terms of CM scores, investigators who thought the knowledge of dental trauma was "very helpful" had higher scores than those who thought it was "not helpful", and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The scores of the investigators who thought they had "relatively sufficient knowledge" of dental trauma were higher than those who thought they had "no knowledge" or "insufficient know-ledge", and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The overall accuracy of the management of avulsed incisors among dentists was low in Guangdong province. Dentists were more likely to have a higher rate of accuracy choice in treatment options for luxation injury and avulsion to enhance the prognosis of replanted teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tooth Avulsion/therapy , Incisor , Tooth Replantation/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dentists , Cognition , China , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1713-1721, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978730

ABSTRACT

italic>Fusarium oxysporum widely exists in farmland soil and is one of the main pathogenic fungi of root rot, which seriously affects the growth and development of plants and often causes serious losses of cash crops. In order to screen out natural compounds that inhibit the activity of Fusarium oxysporum more economically and efficiently, random forest, support vector machine and artificial neural network based on machine learning algorithms were constructed using the information of known inhibitory compounds in ChEMBL database in this study. And the antibacterial activity of the screened drugs was verified thereafter. The results showed that the prediction accuracy of the three models reached 77.58%, 83.03% and 81.21%, respectively. Based on the inhibition experiment, the best inhibition effect (MIC = 0.312 5 mg·mL-1) of ononin was verified. The virtual screening method proposed in this study provides ideas for the development and creation of new pesticides derived from natural products, and the screened ononin is expected to be a potential lead compound for the development of novel inhibitors of Fusarium oxysporum.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1693-1704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978713

ABSTRACT

italic>Atractylodes chinensis has important medicinal and economic values. In this study, the chloroplast genome sequences of four A. chinensis samples from different producing areas were sequenced using the Illumina platform. The specific DNA barcodes were screened and the germplasm resources of A. chinensis samples from different producing areas and the genetic diversity of the population were analyzed basing on the specific barcodes. The whole chloroplast genomes of the four A. chinensis samples had a typical cyclic tetrad structure, with 112 genes annotated. The comparative genomics results indicated that ccsA and trnC-GCA_petN were potential specific DNA barcodes for intraspecific identification of A. chinensis. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of ccsA and trnC-GCA_petN was performed on 256 samples from 14 areas in 9 provinces, and the amplification efficiency was 100%. Sequence analysis showed that ccsA and trnC-GCA_petN had 11 and 22 variant positions, which could identify 16 and 22 haplotypes, respectively. The combined sequence analysis identified 39 haplotypes, named Hap1-Hap39, of which the most abundant and widely distributed genotype was Hap9. Haplotype diversity (Hd) = 0.896 and nucleotide diversity (Pi) = 0.002 22 indicated high genetic diversity at the species level in A. chinensis. The genetic distances of the haplotypes were 0.000 00-0.004 88, indicating that there were small genetic differences among the haplotypes. The results of phylogenetic tree analysis showed that 39 haplotypes had very close genetic relationship, and formed two obvious branches with other groups of the same genus except Atractylodes macrocephala. This study plays an important role in the identification of the origin of A. chinensis and the protection and breeding of germplasm resources.

17.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 774-781, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010085

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer associated with cystic airspaces (LCCA) is a type of lung cancer characterized by the presence of cystic cavities in or around the tumor on imaging. Due to its high potential for misdiagnosis or underdiagnosis, the prognosis of LCCA patients is poor, necessitating further large-scale clinical studies to elucidate its characteristics. Currently, four imaging classification systems exist, and there has been a progressive increase in attention towards LCCA, particularly with regard to the study of its imaging features. The results indicate a correlation between the pathological features and imaging findings of LCCA; however, research on driver gene mutations and molecular subtyping associated with lung cancer remains insufficient. Due to the challenges associated with early diagnosis and the poorer prognosis compared to general types of lung cancer, this paper comprehensively reviews the research progress on LCCA, including its definition, etiology, pathogenesis, imaging features, histological and pathological features, treatment, and prognosis, aiming to serve as a valuable resource for clinical decision-making.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Prognosis
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1481-1485, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of iron metabolic parameters with platelet counts in blood donors.@*METHODS@#A total of 400 blood donors who met requirements of apheresis platelet donation were collected, and their hematological parameters were analyzed. The donors were divided into low ferritin group and normal group, the differences of hematological parameters between the two groups were compared, and the correlation of iron metabolic parameters and routine hematology parameters with platelet counts were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Whether male or female, low ferritin group had higher platelet counts than normal group (P < 0.01). Among the iron metabolic parameters, the platelet counts was negatively correlated with serum ferritin (SF), serum iron (SI), and transferrin saturation (TSAT) (r =-0.162, r =-0.153, r =-0.256), and positively correlated with total iron binding capacity (TIBC) and unsaturated iron binding capacity (UIBC) (r =0.219, r =0.294) in female blood donors. Platelet counts was also negatively correlated with SF, SI and TSAT (r =-0.188, r =-0.148, r =-0.224) and positively correlated with UIBC (r =0.220) in male blood donors. Among the routine hematology parameters, platelet counts was negatively correlated with mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (Ret-He) in female blood donors (r =-0.236, r =-0.267, r =-0.213, r =-0.284). Platelet counts was also negatively correlated with MCH, MCHC and Ret-He in male blood donors (r =-0.184, r =-0.221, r =-0.209).@*CONCLUSION@#In blood donors with low C-reactive protein level, the lower the iron store capacity, the lower the iron utilization, and the platelet counts tends to rise.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Iron/metabolism , Blood Donors , Platelet Count , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Hemoglobins , Ferritins
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the difference in the therapeutic effect of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) or cyclophosphamide (CTX) in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) of different age groups.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 135 children with HSPN who were treated with MMF or CTX in the Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics, from October 2018 to October 2020. According to the immunosuppressant used, they were divided into two groups: MMF group and CTX group, and according to the age, each group was further divided into two subgroups: ≤12 years and >12 years, producing four groups, i.e, the ≤12 years MMF subgroup (n=30), the >12 years MMF subgroup (n=15), the ≤12 years CTX subgroup (n=71), and the >12 years CTX subgroup (n=19). All children were followed up for at least 12 months, and the above groups were compared in terms of clinical outcomes and the incidence rate of adverse reactions.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the complete response rate between the MMF group and the CTX group after 3, 6, and 12 months of treatment (P>0.05). There were no significant difference in the complete response rate and the incidence rate of adverse reactions between the >12 years MMF subgroup and the ≤12 years MMF subgroup at 3, 6, and 12 months of treatment (P>0.05). The >12 years CTX subgroup had a significantly lower complete response rate than the ≤12 years CTX subgroup at 6 and 12 months of treatment (P<0.05). The >12 years CTX subgroup had a significantly higher incidence rate of adverse reactions than the >12 years MMF subgroup (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy and adverse reactions of MMF are not associated with age, but the efficacy of CTX is affected by age, with a higher incidence rate of adverse reactions. CTX should be selected with caution for children with HSPN aged >12 years.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Mycophenolic Acid/adverse effects , IgA Vasculitis/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Vasculitis/drug therapy , Nephritis/complications
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009849

ABSTRACT

Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is emerging as a novel biomarker for tumor evaluation, offering advantages such as high sensitivity and specificity, minimal invasiveness, and absence of radiation. Currently, various techniques including gene sequencing and PCR are employed for ctDNA detection. The utilization of ctDNA for monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) enables comprehensive assessment of tumor status and early identification of tumor recurrence, achieving a remarkable detection sensitivity of 0.01%. Therefore, ctDNA holds promise as a biomarker for early diagnosis, treatment response monitoring, and prognosis prediction in solid tumors. This article reviews the commonly used methods for detecting ctDNA and their advantages in evaluating tumor MRD and guiding clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Circulating Tumor DNA/genetics , Neoplasm, Residual/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL