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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 61-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907034

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of liver transplantation in children with Alagille syndrome (ALGS). Methods Clinical data of 12 children with ALGS were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Clinical characteristics of children with ALGS, pathological characteristics of liver tissues, characteristics of liver transplantation, postoperative complications and follow-up of children with ALGS were analyzed. Results JAG1 gene mutation and typical facial features was present in all 12 children. Jaundice was the most common initial symptom, which occurred at 7 (3, 40) d after birth. Upon liver transplantation, the Z scores of height and body weight were calculated as -2.14 (-3.11, -1.83) and -2.32 (-3.12, -1.12). Five children developed severe growth retardation and 4 children with severe malnutrition. Eight of 12 children were diagnosed with cardiovascular abnormalities. Pathological examination showed that the lobular structure of the diseased livers of 4 children was basically maintained, and 8 cases of nodular liver cirrhosis in different sizes including 1 case of single early moderately-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma. Three children were misdiagnosed with biliary atresia and underwent Kasai portoenterostomy. Eight children underwent living donor liver transplantation, three children underwent cadaveric donor liver transplantation (two cases of split liver transplantation and one case of cadaveric total liver transplantation), and one child underwent domino liver transplantation (donor liver was derived from a patient with maple syrup urine disease). during the follow-up of 30.0(24.5, 41.7) months, the survival rates of the children and liver grafts were both 100%. During postoperative follow-up, the Z scores of height and body weight were calculated as -1.24 (-2.11, 0.60) and -0.83 (-1.65, -0.43), indicating that the growth and development of the children were significantly improved after operation. Conclusions Liver transplantation is an efficacious treatment for children with ALGS complicated with decompensated cirrhosis, severe itching and poor quality of life. For children with ALGS complicated with cardiovascular abnormalities, explicit preoperative evaluation should be delivered, and consultation with pediatric cardiologists should be performed if necessary.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the antitumor effects of ethanol extract from Ventilago leiocarpa Benth (EEVLB) on sarcoma 180 (S180) tumor-bearing mice and the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty mice were randomly assigned to 6 groups according to a random number table: normal group, model group, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) group (0.02 g·kg@*RESULTS@#EEVLB with different concentrations achieved inhibition of tumor growth in vivo, wherein the high-dose group showed the most significant reduction in tumor weight and increased apoptosis of tumor cells (P<0.05). In addition, both net weight gain and spleen index of mice showed uptrend in EEVLB treatment groups (P<0.05). Besides, serum levels of IL-2 and IL-6, percentages of CD3@*CONCLUSIONS@#EEVLB exhibits promising antitumor activity in vivo. This effect might be due to activation of apoptotic signaling pathway, increase of cytokine levels and enhancement of immune function in tumor-bearing mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Ethanol , Mice , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Rhamnaceae , Sarcoma 180/drug therapy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921800

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the flavor and taste change rules of Sophora Flavescentis Radix processed using the ancient classical method documented in Master Lei's Discourse on Medicinal Processing(Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun). The Sophora Flavescentis Radix pieces and the corresponding test samples in each processing stage were first prepared based on the processing method for Sophora Flavescentis Radix recorded in Master Lei's Discourse on Medicinal Processing(Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun). Then the flavors and tastes of Sophora Flavescentis Radix test samples undergoing the soaking in rice-washed water, washing with clean water, and steaming for different time were compared with the electronic nose and tongue. The results showed that in the preparation of Sophora Flavescentis Radix with the ancient method, such processes as soaking in rice-washed water and washing with clean water had no significant influences on the flavor, which, however, was weakened by steaming. In terms of the taste, soaking with rice-washed water enhanced the bitter taste of Sophora Flavescentis Radix, which remained unchanged after being washed with the clean water. The steaming would also diminish the bitter taste, making it taste similar to the original Sophora Flavescentis Radix medicinal materials. During the steaming for six to eight hours, the flavor did not vary significantly over time, while the bitter taste was first weakened and then intensified. The bitter taste of Sophora Flavescentis Radix steamed for six hours was similar to that steamed for eight hours. In addition, the differences in flavor and taste between Sophora Flavescentis Radix pieces processed by the ancient method in Master Lei's Discourse on Medicinal Processing(Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun)and those by the modern method in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia were analyzed. The findings demonstrated that the flavor of Sophora Flavescentis Radix pieces prepared by the ancient method was weaker than that by the modern method, whereas the bitter taste showed the opposite trend. The exploration on the flavor and taste change rules of Sophora Flavescentis Radix in its preparation by the ancient classical method and the differences in flavor and taste between Sophora Flavescentis Radix decoction pieces prepared by ancient and modern methods will lay a foundation for further elucidation of the scientific connotation of the ancient processing method and the medication principles of Sophora Flavescentis Radix in both ancient and modern times.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Electronic Nose , Plant Roots , Sophora , Taste
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921715

ABSTRACT

This study adopted ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-QTOF-MS)-based untargeted metabolomic approaches for exploring the changes in endogenous metabolites of rat serum related to property differences between ginseng and American ginseng. Then the action mechanisms of them with warm and cool properties and the effects of processing on their property changes were investigated. Based on principal component analysis(PCA), the differences in metabolite profiles between ginseng, red ginseng, American ginseng, and red American ginseng were compared. After that, 16 potential differential endogenous biomarkers were identified by orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) and online database searching. And the related metabolic pathways were systematically analyzed. By comparing content variations of these 16 potential differential endogenous biomarkers, we have found that 10 potential differential biomarkers were responsible for the warm property of ginseng and red ginseng, and 9 were related to the cool property of American ginseng and red American ginseng. As demonstrated by in-depth analysis of related metabolic pathways of differential biomarkers, ginseng and American ginseng mainly played a role in regulating the energy metabolism of amino acid, glycolysis, and fatty acids, during which they exhibited differences in property. The comparison of content variations of these differential endogenous between groups revealed that the energy metabolism of red ginseng group was stronger than that of ginseng group, consistent with the traditional processing theory that the warming and tonifying effects of ginseng could be enhanced after processing. The property of red American ginseng was similar to that of American ginseng, both cool in property, but American ginseng was cooler than red American ginseng. It can be seen that non-targeted metabolomic approaches can be utilized to study mechanisms underlying property differences of Chinese medicines and the effects of processing on their property changes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Panax , Rats
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921534

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the role of ultrasound biomicroscopy(UBM)in two-year post-operative follow-up for primary open-angle glaucoma patients with modified CO


Subject(s)
Carbon Dioxide , Follow-Up Studies , Glaucoma, Open-Angle/surgery , Humans , Microscopy, Acoustic , Sclera/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913067

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of reported imported malaria cases in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the management of imported malaria in the city. Methods All data pertaining to cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020 were captured from the National Notifiable Disease Report System and the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control in China, including individual demographic data, and malaria onset, initial diagnosis and definitive diagnosis data. All data were descriptively analyzed. The duration from malaria onset to initial diagnosis, from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis and from onset to definitive diagnosis was compared among cases. In addition, the diagnoses of imported malaria cases in which definitive diagnosis was made were compared with the reexaminations by Zhengzhou Municipal Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory. Results A total of 302 cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria were reported in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and all were imported cases, with Plasmodium falciparum malaria as the predominant type (230 cases, 76.2%). There were 293 malaria cases imported from Africa (293 cases, 97.0%), which mainly included Nigeria (48 cases, 15.9%), Angola (40 cases, 13.2%), and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (29 cases, 9.6%). There was no obvious seasonality found in the date of malaria onset and time of reporting malaria. The ratio of male to female malaria cases was 49.3:1, and there were 103 cases (34.1%) with the current residency address in Zhengzhou City, 193 cases (63.9%) with the current residency address in other cities of Henan Province and 6 cases (2.0%) in other provinces of China. There were 271 cases (89.7%) seeking initial diagnosis in medical institutions, and the diagnostic accuracy of malaria was 56.6% (171/302) at initial diagnosis institutions. A total of 122 cases (40.4%) sought medical care on the day of malaria onset, and 252 cases (86.4%) within 3 days; however, only 22 cases (7.3%) were definitively diagnosed on the day of onset, and 162 cases (53.6%) diagnosed within 3 days. There were no significant differences between malaria cases seeking initial diagnosis at medical institutions and disease control and prevention institutions in terms of the duration from malaria onset to initial diagnosis (Z = −1.663, P > 0.05), from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis (Z = −0.413, P > 0.05) or from malaria onset to definitive diagnosis (Z = −0.838, P > 0.05). The median duration (interquartile range) from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis of malaria was 3.00 (2.00), 3.00 (6.00), 2.00 (4.00) d and 1.00 (1.00) d among cases seeking medical care at township-level and lower, county-, city- and province-level medical institutions, and the median duration from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis of malaria was significantly longer among cases seeking medical care at township-level and lower medical institutions than at city (Z = −3.286, P < 0.008 33) and province-level medical institutions (Z = −9.119, P < 0.008 33), while the median duration from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis [1.00 (3.00) d vs. 2.00 (4.00) d; Z = −4.099, P < 0.016] and from malaria onset to definitive diagnosis [3.00 (4.00) d vs. 4.00 (5.00) d; Z = −2.868, P < 0.016] among malaria cases with the current residency address in Zhengzhou City was both shorter than in other cities of Henan Province. The diagnostic accuracy was 89.1% (269/302) among malaria cases in which definitive diagnosis was made, and the accuracy of malaria reexaminations was 94.0% (284/302) in Zhengzhou Municipal Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory. Conclusions P. falciparum malaria was predominant among reported imported malaria cases in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and these imported malaria cases were predominantly diagnosed at medical institutions; however, the diagnostic capability of malaria is poor in township-level and lower medical institutions. Strengthening the collaboration between medical institutions and disease control and prevention institutions and improving the diagnostic capability building at medical institutions are recommended to consolidate malaria elimination achivements.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912456

ABSTRACT

Detection of serum biomarkers is an important strategy for the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. The roles of serum biomarker detection have become increasingly valuable in the baseline risk stratification among cancer patients in recent years. The Cardio-oncology Study Group of the Heart Failure Association and the Cardio-Oncology Council of the European Society of Cardiology newly proposed the “role of serum biomarkers in cancer patients receiving cardiotoxic cancer therapies”. By evaluating the characteristics of cardiac biomarkers in cancer patients receiving cardiotoxic cancer therapy, this statement discussed the mechanism, clinical application, value on monitoring and prognosis of the two main biomarkers,cardiac troponin and natriuretic peptide on chemotherapy induced cardiac toxic responses. The purpose of this statement is to help establish the multidisciplinary collaborative diagnosis and treatment strategies and provide a clinical framework, and guide clinicians to select appropriate serum biomarker monitoring programs based on risk stratification to prevent cardiovascular disease in cancer patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912099

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of Bordetella pertussis in Shaanxi province, and analyze the possible reasons of resurgence in this region. Methods:We characterized clinical isolates collected during 2012-2017 using multilocus antigen sequence typing (MAST) and multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA).Results:The circulating strains and vaccine strains were different in molecular characteristics. The majority (95%) of the isolates were typed as prn1/ ptxP1/ ptxA1/ fim3-1/ fim2-1. In addition, eight MLVA types (MTs) and eight PFGE profiles were identified, respectively. MT195, MT55 and MT104 were dominant and MT195 continually increased annually. Conclusions:The genetic characteristics of the current strains in Shaanxi province were different from those of the vaccine strain. The evolution through genetic variation might be one of the reasons for the recurrence of pertussis in this region.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911962

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of neonates with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the extremities and torso.Methods:The clinical diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of seven neonates with DVT of the extremities and torso admitted to Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 2016 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Paired t test and paired rank sum test were used to compare the difference of coagulation indexes before and after the anticoagulant therapy. Results:Among the seven neonates with DVT of the extremities and torso, six were male and five were term infants, with the gestational age of (37.9±2.5) weeks and birth weight of (2 989±619) g. The median age at admission was 2.0 d and the age at diagnosis was 3.0 d. Except for one case of left common femoral vein thrombosis with limb swelling on the affected side, the other cases were all found with DVT by routine abdominal ultrasound examination after admission. Six cases received heparin treatment with the median duration of 8.5 d (1.8-28.8 d), including four cases of thrombosis in the portal venous, one in the postcava and renal venous, and one in the left common femoral vein. Among the six cases, the thrombus disappeared in five cases, which were confirmed by vascular ultrasound examination during follow-up, and in another case, the thrombus was shrinked significantly but remained. After the treatment, the platelet count [(464.5±128.9)×10 9/L vs (142.5±104.2)×10 9/L, t=-5.019, P=0.004] and antithrombin-Ⅲ level [(67.08±28.87)% vs (46.05±12.60)%, Z=-2.201, P=0.028] were increased and the D-dimers was decreased [0.392 mg/L(0.250-0.884 mg/L) vs 2.511 mg/L(0.755-14.033 mg/L), Z=-2.201, P=0.028] with no reports of heparin-related side-effect. One case with advanced postcaval thrombosis did not receive heparin anticoagulant therapy, but the thrombosis disappeared 270 d after diagnosis during follow-up. Conclusions:DVT of the extremities and torso may have no specific symptoms during the neonatal period and the overall prognosis is good. Heparin anticoagulant therapy is recommended until thrombosis disappears for patients with large thrombosis or significantly high level of D-dimer. The course of heparin treatment varies greatly among individuals, and close monitoring is required.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 935-942, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the clinical presentation and pathogenic gene mutations of a family diagnosed with primary familial brain calcification (PFBC).Methods:A pedigree with primary familial brain calcification was recruited. The clinical data of the proband who was admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University in March 2020 and the family members were collected. The DNA sequence of myogenesis regulating glycosidase (MYORG) gene was detected by Sanger sequencing in the proband and some available family members.Results:The proband is a male, 30 years old. There was only one patient of PFBC in this family. The first symptom of the proband was vagueness of speech, and gradually extrapyramidal symptoms such as slow and flexible movement and advanced cognitive impairment appeared. The brain CT of the proband and his second brother showed extensive symmetrical calcifications, mainly located in the bilateral cerebellar hemispheres, basal ganglia and thalamus. A homozygous mutation in the exon 2 of the MYORG gene [c.1967T>C(p.I656T)] was identified in the proband and an asymptomatic patient. The heterozygous mutation of MYORG gene was also detected in four healthy family members.Conclusions:All patients with homozygous mutations of MYORG gene showed calcification in CT scan, and most of the lesions were located in basal ganglia, cerebellum, subcortical white matter and thalamus. Compared with the patients with autosomal dominant gene mutation, the patients with MYORG gene mutation had more extensive intracranial calcification lesions, and the pontocerebellar lesions were more common. The most common symptoms of MYORG gene mutation patients were dyskinesia, mainly tremor paralysis and unclear speech.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a monitoring tool for evaluating health literacy level of general practitioners.Methods:The health literacy monitoring questionnaire for general practitioners was preliminarily developed by referring to the National Residents′ Health Literacy Monitoring Questionnaire. The Delphi method was used to conduct two rounds of consultation among 15 experts to improve the questionnaire.Results:The effective response rates of the two rounds of expert consultation were 100.0%, the expert authority coefficients of the two rounds of consultation were 0.87 and 0.86, the mean scores of the two rounds of expert questions were 3.93 -5.00 and 4.47-5.00. The variance coefficients of the two rounds of expert scores were 0-0.32 and 0-0.20, and the Kendall harmony coefficients of the two rounds of expert scores were 0.167 and 0.102, respectively (all P<0.05). Finally, the basic theory literacy dimension (including 8 chronic disease prevention items, 5 maternal and child health items and 5 infectious disease prevention items), and the basic skill literacy dimension (including 6 safety and first aid items, 8 health information items), and the healthy lifestyle and behavior dimension (7 items, including regular physical examination, exercise, diet and so on) were established. A total of 39 items and 3 dimensions were used to monitor the health literacy level of general practitioners. Conclusion:The monitoring tool of health literacy level for general practitioners based on Delphi method has been preliminarily constructed, which can be used to evaluate the health literacy level of general practitioners.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911688

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of using vascular graft interposition for lowering the complications of portal vein during pediatric liver transplantation.Methods:From June 1, 2013 to May 31, 2018, clinical data were collected for 297 children undergoing liver transplantation, including basic demographics, general preoperative status, preoperative tests, imaging findings, graft related profiles, surgical procedures and postoperative follow-ups, etc. Then the authors analyzed the effect of using interposition vessels upon lowering postoperative complications of portal vein reconstruction.Results:With a median age of 12 months, there were 153 boys (51.5%) and 144 girls (48.5%). The primary disease was mostly biliary atresia ( n=222, 74.7%). The median diameter of portal vein was 5 mm. There were 19 cases (6.4%) using vascular interposition. Among 20 cases of portal vein complications, there were portal vein stenosis ( n=17, 5.7%) and portal vein thrombosis ( n=3, 1.0%). After univariate analysis, binary Logistic regression analysis revealed that diameter of recipient's portal vein was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of portal vein complications after liver transplantation. Statistical analysis of children with portal vein diameter <4 mm ( n=90) was carried on and the results showed that there was no inter-group statistical difference ( χ2=3.061, P=0.080)on the occurrence of portal vein complications. Conclusions:Diameter of portal vein is an important factor affecting the strategic choice of portal vein reconstruction during pediatric liver transplantation and an independent risk factor for portal vein complications after liver transplantation. When the diameter of portal vein is ≤4 mm, using interposition vascular anastomosis shows no significant difference with other conventional modes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911426

ABSTRACT

Objective:Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignant tumor derived from bile duct epithelial cells with extremely poor prognosis. The Hippo-Yes-associated protein (YAP)/transcription activator with PDZ binding motif (TAZ) signaling plays a critical role in cancer stem cell biology. Previous studies have shown that the positive expression of YAP/TAZ in CCA predicts larger tumor size and unfavorable clinical outcomes. We aim to evaluate the prognostic value of YAP/TAZ detection in CCA patients.Methods:CCA patients who underwent radical resection were retrospectively analyzed at our institution from January 2011 to June 2016. Postoperative pathological specimens were scored by YAP/TAZ immunohistochemical staining. The prognostic value of YAP/TAZ was analyzed by multivariate Cox-proportional hazards model.Results:A total of 91 CCA patients were enrolled. During a median follow-up time of 11.0 months, 69.2% patients relapsed and 45.1% died. The median OS and DFS were 10.7 months and 8.8 months respectively. The YAP/TAZ dual positive patients owned a worse TNM stage ( P=0.015), poorer tissue differentiation ( P=0.007), and a higher CA199 than those in negative patients. Multivariate Cox analysis identified that YAP/TAZ dual positivity as a significant factor predicted poorer OS ( P=0.010) and DFS ( P=0.028) in CCA patients after radical resection. In subgroup analysis, YAP/TAZ combination also significantly predicted OS ( P=0.044) and DFS ( P=0.043) in CCA patients with positive lymphatic metastasis and/or surgical margin who required adjuvant therapy. Conclusions:YAP/TAZ positivity is an independent predictive factor for survival in CCA patients after radical resectiony.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and explore the common radiomics features of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients with lung cancer and esophageal cancer, and then establish a prediction model that can predict the occurrence of RP in two types of cancer after radiotherapy.Methods:Clinical data of 100 patients with stage Ⅲ lung cancer and 100 patients with stage Ⅲ esophageal cancer who received radical radiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed. The RP was graded by imaging data and clinical information during follow-up, and the planning CT images were collected. The whole lung was used as the volume of interest to extract radiomics features. The radiomics features, clinical and dosimetric parameters related to RP were analyzed, and the model was constructed by machine learning.Results:A total of 1691 radiomics features were extracted from CT images. After ANOVA and LASSO dimensionality reduction in lung cancer and esophageal cancer patients, 8 and 6 radiomics features associated with RP were identified, and 5 of them were the same. Using the random forest to construct the prediction model, lung cancer and esophageal cancer were alternately used as the training and validation sets. The AUC values of esophageal cancer and lung cancer as the independent validation set were 0.662 and 0.645.Conclusions:It is feasible to construct a common prediction model of RP in patients with lung cancer and esophageal cancer. Nevertheless, it is necessary to further expand the sample size and include clinical and dosimetric parameters to increase its accuracy, stability and generalization ability.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of different levels of sonographers and International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) simple rules in judging benign and malignant ovarian tumors.Methods:The ultrasound images of 182 patients treated in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2017 to November 2020 with ovarian tumors were retrospectively analyzed. The ovarian tumors were diagnosed by two senior sonographers and two junior sonographers without knowing the pathological diagnosis. Another junior sonographer trained in IOTA terminology and simple rules applied IOTA simple rules to diagnose 182 ovarian tumors. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the diagnosis of ovarian tumors by senior sonographers, junior sonographers and IOTA simple rules were calculated using the postoperative pathological diagnosis as the gold standard. The Kappa value was calculated for the consistency between different levels of sonographers and the IOTA simple rules and pathological diagnosis.Results:Of the 182 cases, 61 cases were pathologically benign and 121 cases were pathologically malignant. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of senior sonographers were 93.4%, 99.2%, 97.2%, respectively, Kappa value was 0.938. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of junior sonographers were 80.3%, 90.0%, 86.8%, respectively, Kappa value was 0.704. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of IOTA simple rules(When an uncertain tumor was classified as malignant) were 95.0%, 73.5%, 80.7%, respectively, Kappa value was 0.614. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of IOTA simple rules(when an uncertain tumor was excluded) were 94.2%, 90.9%, 92.0%, respectively, Kappa value was 0.834.Conclusions:IOTA simple rules is a very useful diagnostic tool for junior sonographers to judge benign and malignant ovarian tumors. When IOTA simple principle is judged as an uncertain case, it is recommended to refer to experienced senior sonographers for further diagnosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909823

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of imported malaria from Africa, and the correlation between blood lipids and disease severity.Methods:The clinical data of 172 imported malaria patients from Africa were collected from January 1, 2018 to January 31, 2021 in Guangzhou Eighth People′s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University. The general conditions, clinical symptoms, laboratory tests, treatment and prognosis of the patients were analyzed retrospectively. The independent samples t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and binary multivariate logistic regression analysis were used for statistical analysis when appropriate. Results:A total of 172 patients were divided into 39 severe cases and 133 non-severe cases in this study. The main infection species was Plasmodium falciparum, with a total of 153 cases (89.0%), and the severe cases were all falciparum malarias. Compared with the non-severe group, the white blood cell count and triacylglycerol level were increased in the severe group.The differences were both statistically significant ( Z=2.397 and 4.368, respectively; both P<0.05). The hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet count, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein A (ApoA)Ⅰ and ApoAⅠ/apolipoprotein B (ApoB) were significantly decreased in the severe group. The differences were all statistically significant ( Z=-4.473, -4.464, -4.750, -4.826, -5.488 and -4.419, respectively; all P<0.01). The total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were also reduced in the severe group. The differences were both statistically significant ( t=3.817 and 5.285, respectively; both P<0.01). The area under receiver operator characteristic curve of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triacylglycerol, ApoAⅠ, and ApoAⅠ/ApoB were 0.754, 0.727, 0.730, 0.789 and 0.733, respectively (all P<0.01). When the Youden index was at its maximum, the best cut-off value of ApoAⅠ was 0.535 g/L with sensitivity of the prediction for severe malaria of 79.5% and the specificity of 68.4%. ApoAⅠ had independent predictive value for severe malaria (odds ratio ( OR)=0.013, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.002 to 0.086, P<0.01), and stratified according to the best cut-off value, the risk of severe malaria when ApoA Ⅰ<0.535 g/L was 8.396 times of ApoA Ⅰ≥0.535 g/L ( OR=8.396, 95% CI 3.557 to 19.820, P<0.01). The case fatality rate of severe malaria was 2.6%(1/39). Conclusions:The imported malaria patients from Africa are mainly infected with Plasmodium falciparum and the case fatality rate of severe malaria is high. The high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triacylglycerol, ApoAⅠ, ApoAⅠ/ApoB of blood lipids show higher predictive value for severe malaria, among which, ApoAⅠ has independent predictive value for severe malaria. Changes in blood lipids will help to identify severe malaria as early as possible, improve the cure rate, and reduce the risk of death.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1294-1298, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909700

ABSTRACT

Objective:The correlation between in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) pregnancy and preeclampsia was studied by the propensity score matching. Methods:4 823 pregnant women with delivery gestational weeks >24 weeks were selected, including 481 in IVF group and 4 342 in natural pregnancy group. The propensity score model was established by using 16 maternal covariates, and the propensity score matching samples (924 cases) were obtained to evaluate the correlation between IVF-ET and preeclampsia.Results:⑴ Before matching, the incidence of preeclampsia in the IVF group was higher than that in the natural pregnancy group (9.8% vs 3.3%, P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that IVF-ET was a risk factor for preeclampsia (a OR=1.887; 95% CI: 1.23-2.89, P=0.003); After matching propensity score, OR was 2.067 (95% CI: 1.24-3.44, P=0.005), confirming that there was a significant association between IVF-ET and preeclampsia. ⑵ Before matching, the incidence of preeclampsia in IVF group was significantly higher than that in natural pregnancy group in singleton pregnancy (9.0% vs 3.1%, a OR=2.530, 95% CI: 1.63-3.94, P>0.05); In twin pregnancy, there was no significant difference in the incidence of preeclampsia between the two groups (12.7% vs 7.5%, a OR=1.004, 95% CI: 0.35-2.87, P=0.994); The result of propensity score matching is consistent with that before matching. Conclusions:Propensity score matching analysis showed that the risk of preeclampsia increased after IVF-ET pregnancy, IVF-ET was an important risk factor for preeclampsia in singleton pregnancy, and IVF-ET did not increase the risk of preeclampsia in twin pregnancy. It is suggested that the correlation between IVF and preeclampsia may be disturbed by twin pregnancy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of eyes with congenital optic disc pits (ODPs) through multimodal imaging.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Thirty-eight patients (38 eyes) diagnosed with congenital ODPs in the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2009 to January 2020 were enrolled.A comprehensive summary analysis of the imaging results including fundus photography, spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), infrared imaging, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), fluorescein fundus angiography (FFA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) was performed.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University (No.2021-P011). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any medical examination.Results:Among the 38 eyes, there were 32 eyes with ODPs located in or below the temporal side of optic disc, 4 eyes with ODPs located above the temporal side of optic disc, and 2 eyes with ODPs located at the center of optic disc, which were round or quasi-circular pale depression, and dark red eminences with clear or unclear boundaries between milk spots were found in 29 eyes with optical-disc macular degeneration (ODP-M) by fundus photography.SD-OCT examination showed that the structure of lamina cribrosa in the lesion area in all ODPs patients was incomplete, which presented a dark area with no tissue reflection, and the fissure led to the deep optic nerve.Fluid was found in the outer nuclear layer in all ODP-M patients, and there were 27 eyes with fluid in the inner nuclear layer, 13 eyes in the ganglion cell layer, and 4 eyes under the inner limiting membrane.Among the 29 eyes with ODP-M, there were 21 eyes with retinoschisis in outer layer, 27 eyes with neuroepithelial detachment.In the 27 eyes with neuroepithelial detachment, spot-like high reflection and reduced or disappeared ellipsoid band reflectance were seen above the neuroepithelium in 18 eyes.In infrared images, there were circular or quasi-circular low-reflection areas in the temporal side of the optic disc, and the lesion of ODP-M eyes presented low-reflection areas.FAF examination showed that in 27 eyes with ODP-M, there was a hypofluorescent region at the posterior pole consistent with the lesion range, among which, there was a granular or sheet-like hyperfluorescence at the center of the hypofluorescent region in 18 eyes.FFA showed that the optic disc depression in the arterial phase of patients was in a localized hypofluorescence state.During the venous phase, fluorescein dye extravasation along the temporal side of the optic disc could be found.A strong fluorescent arc with unclear boundaries at the temporal edge of the optic disc was formed in the late stage of angiography.Among the 29 eyes with ODP-M, the area of the macular lesion showed hyperfluorescence during the late stage of angiography in 27 eyes with neuroepithelial detachment, and no extension of dye toward the macula was found.ICGA showed that the optic disc depression of ODPs patients presented a localized hypofluorescence, and the lesion showed hyperfluorescence in 27 of the 29 ODP-M eyes with neuroepithelial detachment.Conclusions:Multimodal imaging can be helpful to realize the early diagnosis, etiology analysis of ODPs and make treatment plan.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and prognosis of infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma-arteriovenous fistula (IHHE-AVF) complicated with heart failure in neonates.Method:From May 2016 to June 2020, neonates with IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure admitted were retrospectively studied. The clinical presentation, treatment and outcomes were analyzed.Result:A total of 11 cases of IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure were enrolled (male 5, female 6). The onset age of heart failure was 12.0 (0.0, 17.0) d. 6 cases showed IHHE on fetal ultrasound. All patients had significantly enlarged heart on chest X-ray. All patients had decreased left ventricular systolic function and pulmonary hypertension on echocardiography. All patients required respiratory support and 6 of them were intubated. 3 cases received conservative treatment (all dead). 1 case received surgery (dead). 7 cases received interventional therapy at the age of (25.6±18.5) d. 1 case was dead, and the other 6 cases were improved and discharged. All the 6 cases were followed up to 3~18 months. None of them had heart failure again. The IHHE were shrunk or completely disappeared. Coagulation function and platelet count were normal.Conclusion:The fatality rate of neonatal-onset IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure is extremely high. Interventional therapy may be more effective than conservative therapy and surgery.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of dynamic scintigraphy single-photonemission computed tomography (SPECT) 99m-technetium-galactosyl human serum albumin diethy-lenetriamine pentaacetic ( 99Tc m-GSA) scintigraphy in assessing liver function of perihilar cholangio-carcinoma after portal vein embolization (PVE). Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 16 patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent 99Tc m-GSA scintigraphy after PVE in Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital Affiliated to Tsinghua University from October 2019 to January 2021 were collected. There were 8 males and 8 females, aged from 46 to 78 years, with a median age of 64 years. Observation indicators: (1) liver volume after PVE; (2) liver function after PVE; (3) typical case analysis. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Count data were represented as absolute numbers or percentages. Comparison of data of the same patient was analyzed using the paired t test. Results:(1) Liver volume after PVE:the morphological liver volume and functional liver volume for the 16 patients were (1 420±211)mL and (389±112)mL. The morphological liver volume and functional liver volume were (636±143)mL and (234±106)mL of planning reserved lobe, (784±210)mL and (151±106)mL of planning resection lobe, respectively. The functional liver density (FLD) of planning reserved lobe and planning resection lobe were 0.36±0.12 and 0.19±0.11, showing a significant difference between them ( t=3.794, P<0.05). The planning resection rate of morpholo-gical liver volume and functional liver volume were 37.8%±0.6% and 54.8%±0.2%, showing a significant difference between them ( t=?3.720, P<0.05). (2) Liver function after PVE: 13 of 16 patients completed the indocyanine green (ICG) test, and 3 patients didn't complete the ICG test due to intolerance. For the 13 patients undergoing ICG test, the total ICG-K value was (0.15±0.03)/minutes, and the ICG-K value of planning reserved lobe was (0.07±0.02)/minutes. The total GSA-K value of 16 patients was (0.14±0.10)/minutes, and the GSA-K value of planning reserved lobe was (0.08±0.06)/minutes. (3) Typical case analysis: a 46-year-old male patient with type Bismuth Ⅲa perihilar cholangiocarcinoma was planned to perform perihilar hepatectomy combined with right hepatectomy. The imaging evaluation showed that the volume of reserved liver lobe accounted for 27% of the total liver volume. The serum total bilirubin was 256 μmol/L when admitted and decreased to 118 μmol/L on the day 5 after percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage. The right anterior and right posterior branches of PVE was performed. SPECT 99Tc m-GSA examination was performed on the day 37 after PVE. The morphological liver volume was 559 mL of planned reserved lobe and 1 461 mL of the whole liver. The planned morphological liver volume resection rate was 61.7%. ICG-K was 0.12/minutes of the whole liver, and 0.04/minutes of planned reserved lobe. The functional liver volume was 134 mL of planned reserved lobe and 309 mL of the whole liver. The planned resection rate of functional liver volume was 56.6%. The GSA-K was 0.20/minutes of the whole liver and 0.09/minutes of planned reserved lobe. R 0 resection was achieved in perihilar hepatectomy combined with right hepatectomy and no liver failure occurred. The survival time of patients was 11 months. Conclusion:Dynamic SPECT 99Tc m-GSA scintigraphy can effectively evaluate the regional function of the reserved liver lobe in patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma after PVE.

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