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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908889

ABSTRACT

Due to the problems of language barriers and cultural differences existing in the current clinical practice teaching activities of overseas students, this study proposes to divide the oversea students and Chinese students into bilingual mixed groups in the ward rounds teaching. Through the selection of typical cases and the application of flipped classroom, the Chinese and English versions of learning materials related to disease are provided to the interns for learning in advance, and the oversea students and Chinese students are requested to complete the history and auxiliary examination data collection in Chinese and English in cooperation, and then the teacher leads the group to carry out ward rounds teaching, including bedside English history report, physical examination, case analysis, discussion and summary, so as to improve the participation enthusiasm of overseas students and also improve the teaching effects.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 456-460, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of liver transplantation from organ donors in elderly patients.Methods:The clinical data of 346 patients who underwent liver transplantation in the general surgery center of Beijing You′an Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2018 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. After screening, they were divided into the elderly donor group (30 cases) aged 60-70 years and the non elderly donor group (60 cases) aged < 60 years. The observation indexes were operation time, anhepatic phase time and operation bleeding. The prognosis indexes were: postoperative ICU stay, length of hospital stay, primary graft nonfunction (PNF), delayed graft function recovery (DGF) and in-hospital mortality. The measurement data in accordance with normal distribution are expressed as ( Mean± SD). The comparison between the two groups was analyzed by t-test. The measurement data that did not conform to the normal distribution were expressed as median (range). Mann Whitney U test was used for comparison between the two groups. The counting data were collected by the computer χ2 test or Fisher′s exact test analysis. Results:The operation time, anhepatic period and blood loss in the elderly group were (444.33±72.44) min, 56.0 (30-170) min, 1 992.1(400-9 000) mL, respectively and the non elderly group were (460.88±91.32) min, 58.45 (35-140) min, 1 885.8(400-12 000) mL, respectively, there were no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05); Among the prognostic indicators, the length of stay in ICU, the length of stay in hospital and the in-hospital mortality of the elderly group were 4.9 (2-21) d, 20.4 (3-40) d and 10% respectively, while the length of stay in ICU, the length of stay in hospital and the in-hospital mortality of the non elderly group were 5.3(1-32) d, 22.1(3-61) d and 10% respectively, with no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05); No PNF occurred in the two groups, but the incidence rate of DGF in the elderly group was 13.33%(4/30), and the non elderly group was 1.67%(1/60). There was a significant difference between the two groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Under strict preoperative donor evaluation and accurate recipient selection, 60-70 years old donors can achieve similar short-term effect as non elderly donors, but the long-term effect needs further observation.

3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 475-479, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the understanding of adult primary hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) with aggressive natural killer cell leukemia (ANKL).Methods:The clinicopathological data of one adult patient with suspected primary HPS complicated with ANKL in Huiqiao Medical Center, Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University in October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and literatures were reviewed.Results:A 21-year-old male patient presented with persistent fever, hemocytopenia, splenomegaly, low fibrinogen, a significant increase in ferritin, hemophagocytes in bone marrow, decreased natural killer (NK) cell activity, and increased soluble CD25. Flow cytometry detection showed that the expression of NK cells was abnormal, and there were familial lysosomal trafficking regulator (LYST) and UNC13D gene defects. He was suspected of primary HPS complicated with ANKL. The patient was given 4 courses of EPOCH+PEG-Asp (etoposide, dexamethasone, vindesine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome, pegaspargase) regimen chemotherapy, 20 mg of citalopidine twice a week maintenance therapy and matched unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. After 35 months of follow-up, he got sustained remission.Conclusions:Even if there are secondary causes of adult HPS, it is necessary to screen out related genes to avoid misdiagnosis. HPS patients with ANKL progress rapidly, and the early mortality is high. EPOCH+ PEG-Asp regimen induction therapy and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be used as early as possible after diagnosis.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2981-2985, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906903

ABSTRACT

Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the bile duct (IPMN-B) is a special type of tumor occurring in the biliary system, with no specific clinical manifestations and imaging findings, and thus it is difficult to diagnose before surgery. It is often considered when a large amount of mucus is found in the bile duct during surgery and then it is forced to change the surgical plan. Clinicians lack an understanding of this disease due to its low incidence rate. This article reviews the recent research advances in the etiology and classification, clinical features, differential diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of IPMN-B, so as to improve the clinical diagnosis and treatment of IPMN-B among clinicians.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2932-2934, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906892

ABSTRACT

Sarcopenia is a common and insidious complication in patients with liver cirrhosis and is closely associated with the prognosis of patients with liver cirrhosis. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is an important method for the treatment of portal hypertension-related complications. More and more studies have shown that sarcopenia is associated with the prognosis of cirrhotic portal hypertension after TIPS. This article reviews the research on sarcopenia and its association with TIPS in China and globally, in order to explore the association between them and guide clinical treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905922

ABSTRACT

By systematically sorting out the ancient medical books and modern clinical literature of Yiguanjian, the historical evolution of this formula, including its source, composition, origin, processing, dosage, preparation and usage, functions and indications, evolution of prescription meaning, is textual so as to clarify the historical evolution and clinical application of Yiguanjian. On the basis of fully considering the actual demand of development of famous classical formula preparation and the usage habit of modern clinical practice, the feasible development suggestions were put forward. Yiguanjian is composed of six herbs, which is derived from Yifang Jiedu (《医方絜度》) . It is an ancient book of traditional Chinese medicine edited by QIAN Min-jie in Qing dynasty. The original medicinal plants and medicinal parts of the formula were basically the same as those recorded in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The raw products should be selected for decoction pieces and processed according to the methods recorded in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The reference dose of the medicine in this formula is set out in Yifang Jiedu. According to dosage of one Qian(钱)=3.73 g, the dosages of Glehniae Radix, Ophiopogonis Radix and Angelicae Sinensis Radix were 5.60 g, the dosages of Lycii Fructus and Rehmanniae Radix were 11.19 g, the dosage of Toosendan Fructus was 7.46 g. These decoction pieces were boiled and warm decoction was taken. According to ancient medical records, the formula always has the effect of nourishing Yin and relieving Qi of liver. It is used to treat syndrome of stagnation of liver-Qi and deficiency of liver-Yin and kidney-Yin, which can be seen with pain in chest, stomach and flank, acerbity and vomiting, dry throat and mouth, red tongue, weak pulse or deficiency of string and hernia. Here, the source, processing and others of Yiguanjian were clarified, providing a literature reference for the development and application of this famous classical formula.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905851

ABSTRACT

The global incidence of breast cancer has increased year by year. Breast cancer has the highest mortality rate in female patients with malignant tumors. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has made great contribution to health of human being, improving the overall curative effect, reducing the patients' pain, improving the quality of life and alleviating adverse reactions in patients. TCM and its active compounds can inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells by inducing cell cycle arrest, invasion, metastasis and reversing multidrug resistance. The effect of the compounds in TCM is obvious on inducing the arrest of the breast cancer cells cycle. It′s a novel method to fight against breast cancer by influencing the progress of the breast cancer cell cycle and inducing the cell cycle arrest in breast cancer cells. Lots of studies have shown that the G2/M phase checkpoint which transition from gap-phase (G2 phase) to mitotic phase (M phase) in the cell cycle is the key point for cell survival or death. Many antitumor drugs can inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells through the cell cycle arrest. We summarized the domestic and foreign literatures in recent years, and comprehensively explained the research progress on the related regulatory molecules in G2/M arrest. In addition, we summarized and sorted out the researches on the methods and ways of alkaloids, polysaccharides, terpenes, flavonoids, saponins and other active compounds of TCM in inducing the G2/M arrest of human breast cancer cells. By summarizing the active compounds of various Chinese medicines in inducing G2/M arrest of breast cancer cells, and reviewing the research progress on mechanism of active TCM compounds for inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells, we will, in this paper, investigate the mechanism of active TCM compounds for inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells through inducing G2/M arrest of human breast cancer cells, so as to provide a scientific basis for in-depth research on the anti-breast cancer mechanism of the active compounds in TCM.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900408

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Achalasia is a rare disease, but the incidence is increasing recently. Peroral esophageal myotomy (POEM) is an effective treatment.Regurgitation is a common symptom before and after POEM. Our aim is to investigate the factors related to preoperative and postoperative reflux symptoms. @*Methods@#Our study was retrospective. The achalasia patients diagnosed by high-resolution manometry and gastroscopy were divided into reflux group and non-reflux group before and after POEM, respectively. General information, symptoms, POEM information, and manometric results were compared. @*Results@#(1) Ninety-six of 130 patients had reflux symptoms before POEM. The lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) in the reflux group was significantly higher than the non-reflux group (P = 0.023), while integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) was similar. The reflux group had longer esophagus than the non-reflux group (P = 0.006). Reflux symptoms were not related to subtypes of achalasia.(2) Twenty-five of 84 patients had reflux symptoms after POEM. Postoperative Eckardt scores, LESP, and 4-second IRP (4sIRP) were significantly lower than the preoperative values (P < 0.001). The preoperative values and POEM information were similar between the postoperative 2 groups and there was no significant difference in the presence of preoperative reflux symptoms between 2 groups.The postoperative LESP and 4sIRP were similar between the 2 groups, however, the postoperative UESP was significantly higher in the reflux group than the non-reflux group (P = 0.042). The non-reflux group had more declines in Eckardt scores and LESP than the reflux group. @*Conclusions@#The reflux symptoms of achalasia patients without treatment were mainly due to food retention. The postoperative reflux symptoms were not the sign of the excessive relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892704

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Achalasia is a rare disease, but the incidence is increasing recently. Peroral esophageal myotomy (POEM) is an effective treatment.Regurgitation is a common symptom before and after POEM. Our aim is to investigate the factors related to preoperative and postoperative reflux symptoms. @*Methods@#Our study was retrospective. The achalasia patients diagnosed by high-resolution manometry and gastroscopy were divided into reflux group and non-reflux group before and after POEM, respectively. General information, symptoms, POEM information, and manometric results were compared. @*Results@#(1) Ninety-six of 130 patients had reflux symptoms before POEM. The lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) in the reflux group was significantly higher than the non-reflux group (P = 0.023), while integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) was similar. The reflux group had longer esophagus than the non-reflux group (P = 0.006). Reflux symptoms were not related to subtypes of achalasia.(2) Twenty-five of 84 patients had reflux symptoms after POEM. Postoperative Eckardt scores, LESP, and 4-second IRP (4sIRP) were significantly lower than the preoperative values (P < 0.001). The preoperative values and POEM information were similar between the postoperative 2 groups and there was no significant difference in the presence of preoperative reflux symptoms between 2 groups.The postoperative LESP and 4sIRP were similar between the 2 groups, however, the postoperative UESP was significantly higher in the reflux group than the non-reflux group (P = 0.042). The non-reflux group had more declines in Eckardt scores and LESP than the reflux group. @*Conclusions@#The reflux symptoms of achalasia patients without treatment were mainly due to food retention. The postoperative reflux symptoms were not the sign of the excessive relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 297-300, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mediating effect of mental health on job burnout and aggressive driving behavior in bus drivers. METHODS: A total of 447 bus drivers was selected as study subjects using a convenience sampling method. The status of job burnout, mental health and aggressive driving behaviors were investigated using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey, Symptom Check List 90, and the Aggressive Driving Questionnaire. RESULTS: The score of aggressive driving behaviors of bus drivers were positively correlated with emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal accomplishment dimension score and mental health total score[Spearman correlation coefficient(r_S)=0.23, 0.27, 0.15, 0.34, all P<0.01]. The mental health total score was positively correlated with emotional exhaustion and depersonalization dimensions scores(r_S=0.46, 0.47, all P<0.01), and not correlated with personal accomplishment dimension score(r_S=-0.04, P>0.05). Emotional exhaustion can affect aggressive driving behaviors through mental health, and the standardized mediating value was 0.16, accounting for 72.7% of the total effect. Depersonalization can influence aggressive driving behaviors through mental health, and the standardized mediating value was 0.17, accounting for 70.8% of the total effect. CONCLUSION: Mental health plays a mediating role in emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and aggressive driving behavior of bus drivers.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921817

ABSTRACT

Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules are composed of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, Codonopsis Radix, Dendrobii Caulis, Astragali Radix, Scrophulariae Radix, and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and are effective in promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, supplementing Qi, and nourishing Yin. It is widely used in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases. With 40 years of clinical application, it has accumulated substantial research data and application experience. Its good clinical efficacy and pharmacoeconomic benefits in improving the clinical symptoms of peripheral vascular diseases have been confirmed by relevant research. Meanwhile, this drug has also been recommended by many expert consensus, guidelines, and teaching materials, serving as one of the most commonly used Chinese patent medicines in clinical practice. To further improve the understanding of the drug among clinicians and properly guide its clinical medication, the China Association of Chinese Medicine took the lead and organized experts to jointly formulate this expert consensus. Based on the questionnaire survey of clinicians and the systematic review of research literature on Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules with clinical problems in the PICO framework, the consensus, combined with expert experience, concludes recommendations or consensus suggestions by GRADE system with the optimal evidence available through the nominal group technique. This consensus defines the indications, usage, dosage, course of treatment, medication time, combined medication, and precautions of Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases, and explains the safety of its clinical application. It is recommended for clinicians and pharmacists in the peripheral vascular department(vascular surgery), traditional Chinese medicine surgery(general surgery), and endocrinology department of hospitals at all levels in China.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Tablets
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 917-925, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921296

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to observe the characteristics of sublingual microcirculation and the changes of humoral factors in healthy people of three different high altitude populations. Three groups of healthy subjects in Guoluo area of Qinghai province (4 100 m) were included: Tibetan group: 30 Tibetans, (45.62 ± 10.15) years old; Han group: 22 two-generation of Han immigrants, (46.23 ± 8.59) years old; migrant group: 23 migrants living at high altitude for 2-5 years, (43.45 ± 8.31) years old. Blood routine test was performed to determine white blood cell (WBC) count, red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT), platelet (PLT) count, and neutrophil (NEUT) count. The changes of serum humoral factors including endothelin-1 (ET-1), CD31, CD34, CD105, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), nitric oxide (NO) and noradrenaline (NE) were detected by ELISA. Continuous noninvasive hemodynamics monitor was used to continuously measure the changes of systemic circulation indexes: cardiac output (CO), cardiac index (CI), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), pulse pressure variation (PPV), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), and mean arterial pressure (MAP). Blood oxygen was measured by pulse oximeter. Sublingual microcirculation indexes including total vascular density (TVD), perfused vessel density (PVD), proportion of perfused vessels (PPV), and microvascular flow index (MFI) were determined by sidestream dark field imaging. The results showed that there were no difference in systemic circulation among the 3 groups. Compared with Tibetan group, TVD and PVD of microcirculation in Han group and migrant group were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Compared with Tibetan group and Han group, WBC, RBC, HGB and HCT of migrant group were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Compared with Han group and Migrant group, PLT of Tibetan group was significantly increased (P < 0.05). Compared with the Tibetan group, the levels of serum humoral factors CD105 and VEGF were significantly higher in the migrant group (P < 0.05), while compared with Han and migration groups, NO in Tibetan group was significantly increased (P < 0.05). It is suggested that there were significant differences in microcirculation (TVD, PVD), blood routine (WBC, RBC, HGB, HCT) and humoral factors (CD105, VEGF) among different populations in high altitude area. Importantly, the increased microcirculation, erythrocytosis and increased pro-angiogenic factors due to hypoxic environment were observed in long-term residents and migrants, except for permanent residents. These physiological changes have clinical significance in the treatment of septic shock and chronic altitude sickness for different plateau populations.


Subject(s)
Adult , Altitude , China , Hemoglobins , Humans , Hypoxia , Microcirculation , Middle Aged , Tibet , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To document any improvement in the breathing control of stroke survivors with dysarthria after practicing Liuzijue qigong.Methods:A total of 157 stroke survivors with dysarthria and abnormal respiration control were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group. Both groups were given traditional breathing training and basic articulation training (including articulatory organ training and speech training). The observation group also received training in Liuzijue qigong. It requires inhaling through the nose and exhaling through the mouth while producing the speech sounds xu, he, hu, si, chui and xi. The training lasted two weeks. Both groups were then evaluated using the modified Frenchay dysarthria assessment. Maximum phonation time, maximum counting ability and volume were also recorded as secondary indexes.Results:After the 2-week intervention, significant improvement was observed in the average scores on all of the indexes, with all of the observation group′s average scores except for volume significantly better than those of the control group. The average volume scores were significantly improved, but not significantly different.Conclusion:Supplementing basic articulation training with Liuzijue qigong can improve respiratory function and the speaking ability of stroke survivors with dysarthria. It is worthy of wider clinical application.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 705-711, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab in the treatment of adult primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS).Methods:Adult FSGS patients treated with rituximab in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University College of Medicine were retrospectively enrolled. One or two doses of rituximab (375 mg/m 2) were used aiming to achieve B cell depletion (defined as<5 B cells per microliter in peripheral blood) and the interval between the two doses was 2 weeks. The evaluated major outcomes were remission and relapse of nephropathy, and the secondary outcome measures were adverse events and renal outcomes. Results:A total of 14 patients (9 males) were enrolled, among whom 7 cases were steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) or frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS), 6 cases were steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) and one patient was new onset FSGS with contraindication to steroid. After treatment with rituximab, 7 patients with SDNS/FRNS achieved complete remission. At 6 months, the daily oral steroid dose reduced significantly compared with the baseline [(33.3±5.2) mg/d vs (6.7±6.6) mg/d, P<0.01]; while one patient still received tacrolimus 1.0 mg/d, the other 6 patients stopped using immunosuppressants; and the total number of relapse/total follow-up months decreased from 0.257 times/month to 0.058 times/month after the use of rituximab. For the other 6 SRNS patients and one patient with contraindication to steroid, three SRNS patients achieved partial remission and one patient with contraindication to steroid achieved complete remission at 34.50(20.25, 95.25) days after use of rituximab, and the other 3 SRNS patients failed to achieve remission, of whom one patient developed end stage renal disease at 23 months. Conclusions:Rituximab may reduce the risk of relapse and help steroid or immunosuppressant-tapering in adult steroid-dependent/frequently relapsing idiopathic FSGS. However, it is not effective in SRNS patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887871

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of abbreviated comprehensive geriatric assessment(aCGA)in elderly female breast cancer patients. Methods Eight aspects of the traditional CGA were simplified to form the aCGA assessment table,based on which the patients were classified into three grades of A,B and C according to the total scores.This study enrolled the elderly female patients with breast cancer aged 70 years and above who were treated in PUMC Hospital from June 2018 to January 2020.Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group(ECOG)scoring and aCGA grading were performed respectively,and the results of the two methods were compared. Results Of the 162 patients,111(68.5%)were classified by the aGGA method as grade A,43(26.5%)as grade B,and 8(5.0%)as grade C;131(80.9%)cases have concurrent diseases,and the most common complications were hypertension(


Subject(s)
Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Female , Geriatric Assessment , Humans
16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2081-2086., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886932

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of prothrombin time-international normalized ratio to albumin ratio (PTAR) in evaluating the prognosis of patients with decompensated cirrhosis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 172 patients with decompensated cirrhosis who were admitted to The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from April 2016 to April 2017, including sex, age, etiology, complications, and first examination of laboratory markers after admission. With death as the outcome event, the patients were divided into survival group with 98 patients and death group with 74 patients according to the outcome of the disease after 2 years of follow-up. The influencing factors for prognosis were analyzed, and the value of PTAR in predicting the prognosis of patients with decompensated cirrhosis were evaluated. The t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups, and the chi-square test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed for related variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated, and the optimal cut-off value was determined according to the sensitivity and specificity of the ROC curve. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis was performed to compare 2-year survival rate between patients with different values of PTAR, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes (ICGR15), and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, and the log-rank test was used for comparison between groups. ResultsCompared with the survival group, the death group had significantly higher PTAR (Z=-7.823, P<0.001), ICGR15 (t=3.458, P=0.001), and MELD score (t=5.921, P<0.001). PTAR, ICGR15, and MELD score had optimal cut-off values of 0.05, 41.00%, and 37.25, respectively, in predicting 2-year prognosis, with AUCs of 0849, 0.651, and 0.724, respectively. The survival analysis showed that the high-PTAR (PTAR≥0.05) group had a significantly lower survival rate than the low-PTAR (PTAR<0.05) group (χ2=60.07, P<0.001). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that PTAR ≥0.05 was an independent risk factor for death within 2 years (hazard ratio = 2.564, 95% confidence interval: 1.276-5.151, P=0.008). ConclusionPTAR ≥0.05 can be used as an independent predictive factor for death within 2 years in patients with decompensated cirrhosis, and PTAR has a relatively high value in predicting the prognosis of patients with decompensated cirrhosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 316-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885751

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of functional esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) and to improve the knowledge of functional EGJOO.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2019, at the Gastrointestinal Motility Center of The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, 91 patients who underwent high resolution esophageal manometry (HREM) and met the EGJOO criteria of Chicago Classification for esophageal motility disorders, 3rd edition and excluded organic diseases by examination such as gastroscopy or upper gastrointestinal radiography were collected. The clinical manifestations, treatment methods, effect and clinical outcome of patients with functional EGJOO, the HREM parameters of patients with different clinical manifestations as well as symptoms and HREM parameters of patients with different treatments were analyzed. Least significant difference test or Tamhanes T2 test, Mann-Whitney U or Wilcoxon test, chi-square test or Fisher exact test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The most common symptom of 91 functional EGJOO patients was dysphagia (34/91, 37.4%). The lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) and the intrabolus pressure during relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (IBP LESR) of patients with dysphagia were both higher than those of patients without dysphagia (30.95 mmHg (26.27 mmHg, 39.37 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. 27.35 mmHg (24.60 mmHg, 34.87 mmHg); (8.25±4.64) mmHg vs. (5.69±4.65) mmHg), and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.076, t=2.539; P=0.038, 0.013). Thirty patients (33.0%) had no special treatment, 52 patients (57.1%) were treated with medication, and nine patients (10.0%) underwent peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). The incidence of dysphagia before treatment and maximum intrabolus pressure of patients who underwent POEM were both higher than those of patients without special treatment and medication treatment (8/9 vs 43.3%, 13/30 and 25.0%, 13/52; 21.80 mmHg (15.45 mmHg, 28.95 mmHg) vs. 12.20 mmHg (10.00 mmHg, 18.10 mmHg) and 13.70 mmHg (11.07 mmHg, 17.82 mmHg)), and the differences were statistically significant (Fisher exact test, Fisher exact test; Z=2.814, 2.390; P=0.023, P<0.01, P=0.005, 0.017). The incidences of delayed esophageal emptying or esophageal dilation of patients who underwent POEM, without special treatment and with medication treatment was 6/9, 5/14 and 3/18, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant among three groups (Fisher exact test, P=0.039). Among them, the incidence of delayed esophageal emptying or esophageal dilation of patients received POEM before treatment was higher than that of patients with medication treatment (Fisher exact test, P=0.026). The symptoms of 24.2% (22/91) was spontaneously relieved, and two patients (2.2%) developed type Ⅱ achalasia during follow-up. Conclusions:The main manifestation of patients with functional EGJOO is dysphagia. Patients with significantly increased LESP and IBP LESP are more likely to have dysphagia. Patients with obvious signs of esophageal gastric junction obstruction are more inclined to choose POEM treatment. Some patients with functional EGJOO can relieve themselves, and a few patients can develop achalasia.

18.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 567-573, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of ketogenic diet (KD) therapy in the epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures (EIMFS) associated with TBC1D24 gene mutation.Methods:Clinical data of two children with TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS were collected retrospectively, who were admitted to Department of Pediatrics, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from 2019 to 2020. Their clinical characteristics and the efficacy and safety of KD therapy were analyzed, and literature review was conducted.Results:Seizures were onset before six months old in the two children with TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS. Multifocal myoclonic seizures were manifested and happened frequently, lasting for more than 30 minutes sometimes. Developmental retardation was obvious in the two children. A small amount of focal sharp, spike, sharp-slow complex, and spike-slow complex waves were showed in the interictal electroencephalography (EEG). TBC1D24 gene mutations were found in the two children, one with a compound heterozygous mutation (c.1025C>T, p.S342L; c.229_c.240delATCGTGGGCAAG,p.I77_K80del), and the other with a homozygous mutation [c.119G>A,p.R40H(Arg40His)]. Both of those were potentially pathogenic. A variety of anti-epileptic drugs showed poor outcome for the two children. The epilepsy was drug-refractory one. After four to 17 months of KD therapy, the epilepsy in the two children was controlled effectively. There was not obvious adverse reactions. Among six children with TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS in the literature review, four cases were effective or partially effective for KD therapy, one was discontinued due to insufficient ketogenic ratio, and one was discontinued without effect. There were no obvious adverse reactions in the six children.Conclusions:TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS is mostly drug-refractory epilepsy. Early KD therapy may help to control seizures.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 483-486, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery(ERAS)in laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery in primary hospitals.Methods:A total of 116 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery from January 2017 to December 2018 at our hospital were enrolled in this study.According to the perioperative rehabilitation program, 116 patients were divided into the group A(n=67, receiving enhanced recovery after surgery)and the group B(n=49, receiving traditional recovery after surgery).Results:The incidences of preoperative thirst and hunger were lower in the group A than in the group B(11.9% vs.53.1%, 16.4% vs.51.0%, χ2=23.10 and 15.83, respectively, P<0.001). The levels of CRP and blood glucose in the two groups were significantly higher after operation than before operation, and reached the peak values on the 3rd day after the operation.At different time points after operation, CRP levels and blood glucose levels were higher in the group B than in the group A(all P<0.05). On the 7th day after operation, blood glucose level was recovered to the preoperative level in the group A, while it was not so in the group B. The incidence of complication in the group A was similar to the group B(7.46% vs.12.2%, χ2=0.75, P>0.05). The hospitalization period was shorter and the hospitalization cost was less in the group A than in the group B(8.16±1.33)d vs.(15.39±2.81)d, (46100±1800)yuan vs.(56900±5600)yuan, t=10.98 and 9.96, P=0.000). Conclusions:The application of enhanced recovery after surgery is beneficial for perioperative safety, can reduce surgical stress response, promote postoperative recovery, shorten hospitalization time after surgery and reduce hospitalization costs in laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of LINC00261 on the radiosensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and tumor formation and its underlying mechanism in nude mice.Methods:qRT-PCR was used to detect the relative expression levels of miR-620 and LINC00261 in radiosensitive and radioresistant nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues. After the 6-10B and HNE-3 cells were irradiated with 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 Gy 60Coγ-ray, the relative expression levels of miR-620 and LINC00261 were measured by qRT-PCR. After over-expression or silencing of LINC00261 and inhibition of miR-620 expression, the cells were irradiated with 4 Gy 60Coγ-ray. Clone formation assay was performed to detect the radiosensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis. Western blot was utilized to detect the expression levels of Cleaved caspase-3 and Cleaved caspase-9 proteins. Luciferase reporter assay was adopted to analyze the targeting relationship between LINC00261 and miR-620. The changes in tumor formation were observed in tumor-bearing nude mice. Results:Compared with the radiosensitive tissues, the expression of LINC00261 was significantly down-regulated, whereas that of miR-620 was significantly up-regulated in radioresistant tissues (both P<0.05). After different doses of irradiation, the expression of LINC00261 was significantly down-regulated, whereas that of miR-620 was significantly up-regulated in 6-10B and HNE-3 cells (both P<0.05). After overexpression of LINC00261 and interference with miR-620 expression, the expression levels of Cleaved caspase-3 and Cleaved caspase-9 were significantly up-regulated (both P<0.05), the cell apoptosis rate was remarkably increased ( P<0.05) and the cell survival fraction was significantly enhanced in 6-10B and HNE-3 cells ( P<0.05). LINC00261 targetedly regulated the expression of miR-620. Overexpression of miR-620 could attenuate the radiosensitization and pro-apoptotic effects of LINC00261 overexpression on nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. LINC00261 overexpression could significantly reduce the tumor formation weight of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in nude mice ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Overexpression of LINC00261 can increase the radiosensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells probably by targeted regulation of miR-620 expression.

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