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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 344-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913094

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dydrogesterone in the treatment of dysmenorrhea. METHODS The prospective ,random-controlled,open-labeland multicenter clinical study was adopted. A total of 108 women with dysmenorrhea were randomly assigned into dydrogesterone group and control group according to the ratio of 1∶1,with 54 patients in each group. Dydrogesterone group was treated with dydrogesterone 10 mg orally ,twice a day ,on the 5th-25th day of menstrual cycle ,for 3 menstrual cycles. Control group received Guizhi fuling capsule 0.93 g orally ,three times a day,since the end of menstrual bleeding to the third day of the next menstruation ,for 3 menstrual cycles. Main results were the changes of visual analogue scale (VAS)scores in 2 groups after 3 menstrual cycles ;secondary results were the changes of COX menstrual symptom scale (CMSS),quality life of 36-item short form (SF-36),levels of carbohydrate antigen 125(CA125)and interleukin 6(IL-6)after 3 menstrual cycles ;other findings included additional benefits and drug safety. RESULTS The results of intention to analysis data set and the follow-up study protocol analysis data set showed that VAS scores of 2 groups after treatment of dysmenorrhea for 1,2 and 3 menstrual cycles were lower than those before treatment ,the longer the treatment time ,the more obvious the decrease of VAS score (P<0.05),and VAS score decline of dydrogesterone group was better than that of control group(P<0.05). After 3 menstrual cycles ,both the two group showed significant reduction in the severity and duration scores of CMSS(P<0.05);and the decrease of the above scores in the dydrogesterone group was superior than in the control group (P< 0.05). After 3 menstrual cycles ,among 8 dimensions of SF- 36 scale,the scores of 7 dimensions in dydrogesterone group were significantly higher than those before treatment ,such as the scores of physiological function ,physical role ,physical pain , emotional function ,social function ,general health status and energy (P<0.05);the increase of the scores of four dimensions were higher than those in the control group ,such as physical pain ,social function ,general health status ,energy(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the levels of CA 125 and IL- 6 between 2 groups before and after treatment (P>0.05). After 3 menstrual cycles,the menstrual cycle and menstrual period in the dydrogesterone group were shorter than those before treatment ,and the menstrual volume decreased (P<0.05);but there was no significant change in the above indexes of control group (P>0.05). After 3 menstrual cycles ,the incidence of adverse drug events and adverse reactions in dydrogesterone group was 32.69%(17/52)and 28.85%(15/52);no serious adverse drug events or adverse reactions such as thrombosis occurred in both groups. CONCLUSIONS Dydrogesterone can effectively reduce the VAS score ,also relieve dysmenorrhea-related symptoms ,and improve the quality of life. The efficacy of dydrogesterone is superior than that of Guizhi fuling capsule in treatment for dysmenorrheal ,without serious adverse reactions. It is well tolerated.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 190-193, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920586

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the duration and influencing factors of moderate and vigorous physical activity(MVPA) on weekends for primary school students in grades 4 to 6 in Beijing, and to provide a reference for formulating health education and promotion measures.@*Methods@#Multi stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to randomly select 2 515 students from grades 4-6 in 14 primary schools in Beijing, and a self administered questionnaire was used to record MVPA on weekend, social demographic characteristics, other related health behaviors and knowledge. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors of MVPA on weekends.@*Results@#The prevalence of insufficient MVPA on weekends in Beijing was 63.54 %, and the prevalence was higher among girls (69.92%) than boys (57.81%) ( χ 2=39.65, P <0.01). Multiple Logistic regression analysis revealed that girls ( OR =1.74), living in rural areas ( OR =1.41), participants attending general schools ( OR = 1.34 ), from divorced family ( OR =1.46), and short sleep duration ( OR =1.50) were more likely to fail to meet the MVPA recommendations( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#It is quite common that no sufficient weekend MVPA among senior primary school students, among them, the outer suburbs and schools with relatively weak teaching resources are the key places that need attention, and girls are the key groups that need attention.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 129-132, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920519

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To obtain the prevalence of hyperuricemia among primary and secondary school students in Shandong Province, and to provide data support for the prevention and treatment of hyperuricemia in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#The stratified cluster random sampling method was used to collect the data of 3 609 primary and secondary school students in urban and rural areas in Shandong Province, including the blood uric acid, waist circumference, height, and weight.@*Results@#The average blood uric acid value of primary and secondary school students was (316.17±82.57)μmol/L, and the total detection rate of hyperuricemia was 17.4%. The detection rate of blood uric acid was 18.9% and hyperuricemia[(338.26±90.30)μmol/L] of boys were higher than those of girls[(294.25±67.29)μmol/L,15.9%], and the difference were statistically significant( t/χ 2=16.60, 5.48, P < 0.05). The detection rate of blood uric acid (21.6%) and hyperuricemia [(353.24±78.98)μmol/L] in urban areas was higher than that in rural areas, and higher in coastal areas[(376.80±85.46)μmol/L, 26.6%] than inland; the differences were statistically significant ( t =14.54, 15.27, χ 2=48.15, 132.53, P <0.01). The differences in the blood uric acid value and the detection rate of hyperuricemia between different ages were statistically significant ( t/χ 2=11.79, 18.11, P <0.01). The detection rate of blood uric acid increased with the increase of obesity, waist circumference,blood pressure,blood lipids and blood sugar,and the difference were statistically significant ( χ 2=999.95, 561.08 , 447.57, 196.37, 115.08, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The detection rate of hyperuricemia among primary and secondary school students in Shandong Province is relatively high. The hyperuricemia is related to gender, age, BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure,blood lipids and blood sugar. Highrisk groups should have regular physical examinations to actively improve their unhealthy lifestyles and reduce the incidence of hyperuricemia.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 505-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920442

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the difference of curative effect between internal limiting membrane(ILM)inversion and insertion and ILM peeling and to analyze the influence of different surgical methods on the morphology of hiatus healing.<p>METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 22 patients with macular hole, who received vitrectomy in the First People's Hospital of Zunyi City from June 2017 to June 2020. According to the surgical methods, they were divided into 8 cases and 8 eyes in the ILM peeling group and 14 cases and 14 eyes in the ILM inversion covering group. The two groups of patients underwent best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)test, non-contact intraocular pressure and optical coherence tomography(OCT)examination before and 1wk, 1, and 3mo after operation were analysed. <p>RESULTS: The macular hole closure rate in the ILM peeling group was 75%, and the hole closure rate in the ILM inversion and insertion group was 93%. There was no statistically significant difference in the hole closure rate between the two groups(P=0.527). The trends of BCVA over time in the two groups were similar, but there were differences in time(Ftime=18.426, Ptime<0.001)and no difference between groups and interactions(Fbetween groups=1.319, Pbetween groups=0.289; Fbetween groups×time=1.658, Pbetween groups×time=0.211). The BCVA of the two groups was statistically significant 1wk after operation compared with that before operation(t= -2.200, -3.092; all P<0.05); The BCVA of the ILM inversion and insertion group was improved 3mo after operation compared with that before operation, and the difference in the group was statistically significant(t=2.503, P=0.019). There was no difference in overall foveal thickness between the two groups after surgery(Ftime=1.054, Ptime=0.346; Fbetween groups=0.110, Pbetween groups=0.750; Fbetween groups×time=2.391, Pbetween groups×time=0.152).<p>CONCLUSION: Both ILM inversion and insertion and ILM peeling can effectively increase the rate of macular hole closure. The macular structure healing after the ILM inversion and insertion is better, and the postoperative visual function improvement is more satisfactory.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880231

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thymomas are the most common primary malignant tumors of anterior mediastinal. However, there are no specific laboratory indicator for the diagnosis the diagnosis of thymoma. The aim of this study was to screen out a tumor marker for diagnosis of thymoma by mRNA microarray analysis and confirmed it.@*METHODS@#By mRNA microarray analysis of 31 thymomas and peritumoral thymic tissues, we found that the transcription level of neuronal pentraxin 1 (NPTX1) gene was up-regulated more than 4 times in thymomas. To further verify the above results, we detected the transcription and expression level of NPTX1 in 60 thymoma and 30 thymic cyst patients by quantitative Real-Time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Furthermore, the diagnostic value of NPTX1 in thymoma by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The transcription level of NPTX1 mRNA in thymoma tissues was significantly higher than that in the thymic tissues of control group [(2.88±1.02) vs (1.35±0.47), P<0.001); The expression level of NPTX1 in thymoma tissues was significantly higher than that in the thymic tissues of control group (2 vs 1, P<0.001); The preoperative serum level of NPTX1 protein in thymoma patients were significantly higher than that in the thymic cyst patients of control group [(1,018.29±209.38) pg/mL vs (759.95±66.02) pg/mL, P<0.001]; At the threshold of 842.22 pg/mL, sensitivity and specificity of NPTX1 as a serologic marker were 85.00% and 93.33%, respectively for thymoma. ROC showed that the area the under curve (AUC) of NPTX1 was 0.902.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NPTX1 was highly expressed in thymoma patients, and had diagnostic value for thymoma.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880177

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of spleen low molecular weight extracts on epileptics hydrochloride-induced leukopenia in mice and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The model of leukopenia in mice was established by the injection of epirubicin hydrochloride (10 mg/kg). After the injection of chemotherapeutic drugs, leukocytopenia mice were treated with different doses of spleen low molecular weight extract, Ganoderma oral solution and recombinant granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF). The general survival status indicators such as body weight, coat color and athletic ability of mice in each group were recorded; the tail vein blood of mice in each group was collected and the white blood cell count in them was calculated; bone marrow of mice was taken and bone marrow smears were observed.@*RESULTS@#In the model group, the weight of the mice gradually decreased in the later period, their coat became dark and rough, and the ability to exercise decreased, while the mice in the treatment groups showed different degrees of improvement in their survival status except for the mice treated by rhG-CSF. There was no significant fluctuation in the white blood cell count of the blank control mice. After injection of epirubicin, the white blood cell count of peripheral blood in the model mice and treated mice were decreased. The white blood cell count was lower in the mice treated with high-dose low molecular weight extract and rhG-CSF than that in other experimental groups. Bone marrow smear showed that the proportion of bone marrow nucleated cells in the mice treated with the low molecular weight extract of the spleen was significantly higher than that of model mice (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The low molecular weight spleen extracts can significantly improve the hematopoietic state of mouse bone marrow, promote the proliferation of inhibited bone marrow cells, and thus has the effect of treating leukopenia in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epirubicin , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Leukocyte Count , Leukopenia/drug therapy , Mice , Molecular Weight , Plant Extracts , Recombinant Proteins , Spleen
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888194

ABSTRACT

In ancient times, the original plants of Citri Exocarpium Rubrum and Citri Grandis Exocarpium had experienced succession and change, including tangerine(Citrus reticulata), pomelo(C. grandis), and Huazhou pomelo(C. grandis 'Tomentosa'), a specific cultivar of C. grandis produced in Huazhou, Guangdong. Before the Qing Dynasty, tangerine was the main original plant, while Huazhou pomelo came to the fore in the Qing Dynasty. In the 1950 s and 1960 s, the producing area of Huazhou pomelo was destroyed, and thus it had to be supplemented with pomelo. From then on, C. grandis 'Tomentosa' and C. grandis were both listed as the original plants of Citri Grandis Exocarpium in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. This paper reviewed the historical evolution of the collection, processing, and efficacy of Citri Exocarpium Rubrum and Citri Grandis Exocarpium. The research showed that:(1)The harvest time of the original plants of Citri Grandis Exocarpium and Citri Grandis Exocarpium had changed from maturity to immaturity. The collection and processing of Citri Exocarpium Rubrum was first recorded in the Illustrated Classics of Materia Medica in the Song Dynasty. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the mesocarp of Citri Exocarpium Rubrum needed to be removed completely, and Citri Grandis Exocarpium from C. grandis 'Tomentosa' was processed into different specifications such as seven-piece, five-piece, and single piece. Furthermore, processed young fruits of Huazhou pomelo appeared.(2)Citri Exocarpium Rubrum and Citri Grandis Exocarpium were processed with carp skin for the first time in the Master Lei's Discourse on Medicinal Processing. It was suggested that carp skin might be helpful for eliminating bones stuck in throat. During the Song, Jin, and Yuan Dynasties, some other processing methods such as ba-king, stir-frying, and salt-processing appeared. Honey, soil, ginger juice, and alum were firstly used as adjuvants for the processing in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Citri Exocarpium Rubrum was mainly prepared with salt in order to improve the effect of lowering Qi, while it was unnecessary for Citri Grandis Exocarpium from C. grandis 'Tomentosa' because of its obvious effect of lowering Qi and eliminating phlegm. The stir-frying and honey-frying methods helped reduce the strong effect of Citri Grandis Exocarpium from C. grandis 'Tomentosa'.(3)According to the application of Citri Exocarpium Rubrum and Citri Grandis Exocarpium in history, their medicinal use began in Han and Tang Dynasties, developed in Song, Jin, and Yuan Dynasties, and matured in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Citri Grandis Exocarpium from C. grandis 'Tomentosa' was originally applied in Ming and Qing Dynasties, and it still plays an important in role treating COVID-19 nowadays. Moreover, Citri Grandis Exocarpium from C. grandis had cold medicinal property, while Citri Grandis Exocarpium from C. grandis 'Tomentosa' had warm medicinal property, and thus they should not be treated the same. At present, Huazhou pomelo has a certain production scale. Therefore, it is recommended that in the next edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, only C. grandis 'Tomentosa' should be included as the original plant of Citri Grandis Exocarpium, and C. grandis should be deleted. The results are conducive to the further development and utilization of Citri Exocarpium Rubrum and Citri Grandis Exocarpium, and support the rational use of Citri Grandis Exocarpium and its processed products.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Citrus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Materia Medica , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888192

ABSTRACT

Longxue Tongluo Capsules(LTC) has good efficacy against blood stasis syndrome during the recovery period of ischemic stroke. Its main active ingredient is the phenolic extract of Chinese dragon's blood. In our previous study, the primary mass fragmentation pathways of phenolic derivatives from LTC were clarified. Herein, the metabolites in rat plasma were characterized following the oral administration of loureirin A and loureirin C using liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid ion trap/time-of-flight mass spectro-metry(LC-IT-TOF-MS), with 18 and 55 metabolites identified, respectively. On this basis, with the help of the obtained accurate molecular weight, characteristic fragment ions, reference comparison, combined with LTC database and natural products database self-created in our group, 18 prototypes and 106 metabolites were tentatively identified in rat plasma after oral gavage of LTC at a dose of 500 mg·kg~(-1). Glucuronidation, sulfonation, and methylation were major biotransformation pathways of LTC. This study preliminarily clarified the LTC constituents absorbed into blood and laid the foundation for clarifying the effective substances of LTC.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Rats
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888056

ABSTRACT

Tianxiong has been used as a Chinese medicinal in China for thousands of years, and the earliest record can be traced back to the Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica. It is effective in dispersing wind, dissipating cold, and replenishing fire to streng-then yang. To clarify the origin of Tianxiong, the present herbalogical study reviewed the ancient and modern literature from the origin, processing, and clinical efficacy. Before the Tang Dynasty, although the description of Tianxiong was quite superficial, an apparent difference between Tianxiong and Fuzi was recognized. In the Tang and Song Dynasties, Tianxiong and Fuzi were mistakenly recognized to be prepared from a same plant since their raw materials came from artificial cultivation. Medical literature in the Ming and Qing Dynasties mostly followed the previous records, with the origin of Tianxiong remaining controversial. There were three mainstream views about the origin of Tianxiong according the ancient medical books. First, Tianxiong was a kind of Aconiti Radix(Chuanwu) without attachment of Fuzi. Second, Tianxiong was the large Fuzi. Third, Tianxiong derived from Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix(Caowu) about 10 cm in length. By contrast, Fuzi in a large size was simply regarded as Tianxiong in modern times. The processing methods were diversified in the ancient times, and the fire-processing was continuously applied. With the deepening of the research on the efficacy and detoxification mechanism, more methods were discovered, such as processing with ginger juice, child's urine and alcohol. As for modern times, the processing of Tianxiong has not been nearly passed down. The characteristic processing of Tianxiong only handed down in Sichuan province and Lingnan area, which can be discriminated by the last step. The efficacies of Tianxiong can be directly understood from its literal name, including dispersing wind, dissipating cold, and replenishing fire to assist yang. Nowadays, Tianxiong is mostly used to strengthen yang.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Child , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Extracts
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 539-545, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The low accuracy of equations predicting 24-h urinary sodium excretion using a single spot urine sample contributed to the misclassification of individual sodium intake levels. The application of single spot urine sample is limited by a lack of representativity of urinary sodium excretion, possibly due to the circadian rhythm in urinary excretion. This study aimed to explore the circadian rhythm, characteristics, and parameters in a healthy young adult Chinese population as a theoretical foundation for developing new approaches.@*METHODS@#Eighty-five participants (mean age 32.4 years) completed the 24-h urine collection by successively collecting each of the single-voided specimens within 24 h. The concentrations of the urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine for each voided specimen were measured. Cosinor analysis was applied to explore the circadian rhythm of the urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine excretion. The excretion per hour was computed for analyzing the change over time with repeated-measures analysis of variance and a cubic spline model.@*RESULTS@#The metabolism of urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine showed different patterns of circadian rhythm, although the urinary sodium excretion showed non-significant parameters in the cosinor model. A significant circadian rhythm of urinary creatinine excretion was observed, while the circadian rhythm of sodium was less significant than that of potassium. The circadian rhythm of urinary sodium and creatinine excretion showed synchronization to some extent, which had a nocturnal peak and fell to the lowest around noon to afternoon. In contrast, the peak of potassium was observed in the morning and dropped to the lowest point in the evening. The hourly urinary excretion followed a similar circadian rhythm.@*CONCLUSION@#It is necessary to consider the circadian rhythm of urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine excretion in adults while exploring the estimation model for 24-h urinary sodium excretion using spot urine.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Circadian Rhythm , Creatinine , Humans , Potassium , Sodium , Urine Specimen Collection , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913073

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of Spirometra mansoni infections in hosts in Jiangsu Province, so as to provide the scientific basis for the management of sparganosis mansoni. Methods From 2018 to 2019, nine counties (cities, districts) were randomly selected from Jiangsu Province as the survey sites, and 100 healthy individuals were randomly selected to perform the serological test of S. mansoni infections and the detection of S. mansoni eggs. The procercoids were detected in the intermediate host Cyclops, and the S. mansoni eggs were identified in the stool samples of the definitive hosts cats and dogs. Results The prevalence of S. mansoni human infections was 0 (0/900) in the 9 survey sites of Jiangsu Province, and the sero-prevalence of the specific IgG antibody against S. mansoni was 1.22% (11/900). The positive rate of procercoids was 0.33% (3/900) in Cyclops. In addition, the S. mansoni egg-positive rate was 1.48% (2/135) in cats and dogs. Conclusions Sparganosis mansoni is prevalent in Jiangsu Province. Health education pertaining to the damages of sparganosis mansoni and the route of S. mansoni infections should be improved.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912863

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of mild moxibustion on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) visceral hyperalgesiamodel rats and its regulatory effect on P2X3 receptors in the spinal cord, anterior cingutate cortex (ACC) and thalamic ventral posterolateral nucleus (VPL). Methods: Thirty 8-day-old newborn rats were randomly divided into a normal group (n=6) and a modeling group (n=24) according to the completely random number table method. Rats in the normal group were bred routinely, and those in the modeling group were subjected to preparing IBS chronic visceral hyperalgesia model using colorectal distention (CRD) in stimulation method. Rats successfully modelled were re-divided into a model group, a mild moxibustion group, a P2X3 receptor antagonist group, and a normal saline group according to the completely random number table method with 6 rats in each group. Rats in each group received corresponding interventions from the 37-day old, once a day for 7 consecutive days. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays were used to detect P2X3 protein expressions in the spinal cord, ACC and VPL of rats. Results: Under different intensities of CRD stimulation, the abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scores of the model group were significantly increased versus the normal group (all P<0.05); the AWR scores of the mild moxibustion group and the P2X3 receptor antagonist group were significantly reduced versus the model group (all P<0.01). The P2X3 protein expressions in rat spinal cord, ACC and VPL tissues of the model group were significantly increased versus the normal group (all P<0.01); the P2X3 protein expressions in rat spinal cord, ACC and VPL tissues of the mild moxibustion group and the P2X3 receptor antagonist group were significantly reduced versus the model group (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Mild moxibustion can inhibit the P2X3 receptor expressions in the spinal cord, ACC, and VPL tissues of IBS visceral hyperalgesia model rats, which may be the mechanism of mild moxibustion in relieving the central sensitization of rats with IBS visceral hyperalgesia.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912072

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize the BALB/c mouse rhinitis model sensitized by Artemisia annua pollen allergen, and explore the humoral and cellular immune indicators that can be used for the evaluation of allergic reactions. Methods:Using BALB/c mice as experimental animals, using Artemisia annua pollen allergen extract as sensitizing protein, through different content of the main allergen Art a1 and different sensitization times, different immunization programs were set to immunize mice subcutaneously, One week and five weeks after the last immunization, Artemisia annua pollen allergen extract containing 50 μg/ml and 500 μg/ml Art a1 was used for nasal stimulation, once a day, for 1 week each time.Observe the allergic reaction of mice, detect the pathological changes of nasal tissues, determine the levels and dynamic changes of antigen-specific IgE, IgG1, IgG2a and other antibodies in the serum of each group of mice. and detect the changes in the number of antigen-specific IL-4, IL-5, IL-2, IFN-γ and other lymphocytes in the spleen of mice. Results:Sensitized mice showed obvious scratching and sneezing reactions after being stimulated by antigen; obvious allergic inflammation appeared in nasal tissue; The increase in serum level of Artemisia annua pollen-specific IgE antibody was significantly correlated with the challenge antigen; The antigen-specific IL-4 lymphocytes in the spleen of the sensitized mice were significantly increased, but the IFN-γ-specific lymphocytes did not change significantly. Conclusions:The successful establishment of a mouse model of Artemisia annua pollen allergen allergy is the first domestic use of ELISPOT technology to detect an increase in the number of antigen-specific IL-4 lymphocytes in Artemisia annua allergy mice, laying a foundation for the subsequent evaluation of the efficacy of preparations for desensitization treatment basis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To document any improvement in the breathing control of stroke survivors with dysarthria after practicing Liuzijue qigong.Methods:A total of 157 stroke survivors with dysarthria and abnormal respiration control were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group. Both groups were given traditional breathing training and basic articulation training (including articulatory organ training and speech training). The observation group also received training in Liuzijue qigong. It requires inhaling through the nose and exhaling through the mouth while producing the speech sounds xu, he, hu, si, chui and xi. The training lasted two weeks. Both groups were then evaluated using the modified Frenchay dysarthria assessment. Maximum phonation time, maximum counting ability and volume were also recorded as secondary indexes.Results:After the 2-week intervention, significant improvement was observed in the average scores on all of the indexes, with all of the observation group′s average scores except for volume significantly better than those of the control group. The average volume scores were significantly improved, but not significantly different.Conclusion:Supplementing basic articulation training with Liuzijue qigong can improve respiratory function and the speaking ability of stroke survivors with dysarthria. It is worthy of wider clinical application.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the behavior and the mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the auditory evoked potential of autistic children.Methods:Thirty-four autistic children were randomly divided into an anode stimulation group ( n=19) and a pseudo-stimulation group ( n=16). Both groups were given one hour of routine rehabilitation five times a week for 4 weeks, while the anode stimulation group was additionally provided with 20 minutes of tDCS 3 times a week. Before and after the treatment, both groups′ behavior was evaluated by using autism behavior checklist (ABC) as well as any changes in MMN of the auditory evoked EEG signals. Results:There were no significant differences between the two groups in any of the measurements before the treatment. Afterwards behavior had improved significantly in both groups, with significantly greater improvement in the stimulated group. In the stimulated group the average MMN amplitude had increased significantly and the average latency had decreased significantly. However, no such significant changes were observed in the pseudo-stimulation group. There was a significant linear correlation between the changes in the incubation period of MMN components and the improvements in ABC, vestibular functioning, tactile defense and proprioception.Conclusion:Anodal tDCS combined with conventional rehabilitation therapy can effectively increase the MMN amplitude and shorten the latency in autistic children, improving their brain function.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912006

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of blood flow restriction training (BFRT) on the rehabilitation of lower limb joint function in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods:Sixty RA patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 30. Both groups were given conventional slow-acting anti-rheumatic medication with low-dose glucocorticoids. Everyone received basic exercise training including joint training and plyometric training, but the observation group additionally received BFRT training during which constant pressure in an inguinal cuff restricted blood flow to the lower limbs. The observation group′s training program also included double leg push-ups and double knee extensions. Before, and 12 weeks after the intervention, the joint symptoms were assessed using swollen joint counts out of 28 joints (SJC28), tender joint counts out of 28 joints (TJC28) and pain reported using a visual analogue scale (VAS). Lower limb motor functioning was assessed using a timed-stands test (TST) and the timed-up-and-go (TUG) test. Life quality was evaluated using a health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) and arthritis self-efficacy scale-8 (ASES-8). Disease activity was quantified using a clinical disease activity index (CDAI), a simplified disease activity index (SDAI) and disease activity scoring with a 28-joint count (DAS28).Results:There were no significant differences between the two groups before the intervention. After the intervention all of the indicators except the DAS28 had improved significantly in the observation group. At that point they were also all better than the control group′s averages, where no significant improvement was observed. No serious adverse events occurred in either group during the experiment.Conclusions:BFRT can safely relieve joint symptoms and improve the lower limb motor functioning and life quality of RA sufferers. It is worthy of further clinical research and promotion.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911648

ABSTRACT

Objective:Discuss the etiological characteristics of pulmonary infection after renal transplantation and the diagnostic value of metagenomics nextgeneration sequencing (mNGS) technique.Methods:A total of 40 patients with pulmonary infection who were admitted to the Department of Renal Transplantation of the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January, 2018 to January, 2021 were selected, and identification of pathogens through routine pathogen detection methods and mNGS. The routine pathogen detection methods included: blood culture, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and sputum culture and smear staining, lung histopathology, antigen detection and PCR, etc. BALF were used to search for pathogens by mNGS. Combined with the results of the two groups to give accurate anti-infection treatment, the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Eventually 36 patients were cured and discharged, and 4 patients deaths. In 40 cases of pulmonary infection, the BALF mNGS pathogens detection of BALF was positive in 37 cases and negative in 3 patients, with a detection sensitivity of 92.5%. In addition, there were 15 cases of single pulmonary infection and 22 cases of mixed pulmonary infection, including 8 cases of bacterial infection, 9 cases of viral infection and 20 cases of fungal infection, among which pneumocystis (20/40, 50%) and cytomegalovirus (10/40, 25%) were the most common. In contrast, the positive rate of pathogens by routine detection were only 30% (12/40), and the difference between the two detection methods was statistically significant ( χ2=32.92, P<0.05). The diagnostic rates of mixed pulmonary infection were 55% and 10% respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=18.46, P<0.05), the single type pulmonary infection was 30% and 20% respectively, the difference was not statistically significant( χ2=2.99, P>0.05). Conclusions:mNGS has more advantages than routine pathogen detection methods in terms of pathogen species and distribution, detection time, sensitivity, mixed infection diagnosis rate and benefit. Using mNGS can be more efficient to find pathogens of pulmonary infection after renal transplantation, take accurate treatment, reduce costs, and improve cure rate, such as worth wide application..

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 808-813, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of flow cytometric analysis of peripheral blood in the diagnosis of erythroderma.Methods:A total of 29 patients with erythroderma were collected from Hospital of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from September 2017 to December 2020, including 6 with erythrodermic mycosis fungoides (EMF) , 5 with Sézary syndrome (SS) , 18 with inflammatory erythroderma (IE) with different etiologies. Four healthy volunteers served as healthy controls. Flow cytometry was performed to detect peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets, immunophenotypes and clonality, and their differences were analyzed between inflammatory erythroderma and lymphoma-related erythroderma. One-way analysis of variance and least significant difference- t test were used for comparisons between groups. Results:The proportions of T cells, B cells, NK cells and CD4 -CD8 - cells significantly differed among the EMF group, SS group, IE group and control group (all P < 0.001) . The proportion of T cells was significantly higher in the SS group (93.8% ± 3.4%) than in the EMF group (42.7% ± 6.4%) and IE group (46.0% ± 6.8%, t = 12.8, 14.4, respectively, both P < 0.001) , and the proportion of CD4 -CD8 - cells was significantly lower in the IE group (0.37% ± 0.40%) than in the EMF group (2.93% ± 0.84%) and SS group (2.38% ± 0.74%, t = 9.2, 6.7, respectively, both P < 0.05) . The expression of clonal T-cell receptor β-chain variable region (TCR-vβ) was not detected in healthy controls or IE patients; the T cell subsets expressing clonal TCR-vβ were detected in 3 cases of EMF and all cases of SS, and they were all identified to be cells with a CD4 +CD7 -CD26 - phenotype. There were significant differences among the above 4 groups of subjects in the proportions of CD4 + T lymphocytes expressing chemokine receptors CCR4, CXCR3, CCR5, cutaneous lymphocyte antigen (CLA) or programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) on the cell surface (all P < 0.001) . Compared with the SS group and EMF group, the IE group showed significant decreased proportions of CD4 + T lymphocytes expressing CCR4, CLA or PD-1 (all P < 0.001) , but significantly increased proportions of CD4 + T lymphocytes expressing CXCR3 or CCR5 (all P < 0.001) . Conclusion:Flow cytometric analysis of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets, immunophenotypes and clonality can provide a reference for the etiological diagnosis of erythroderma, and is helpful for the differential diagnosis between lymphoma-associated erythroderma and inflammatory erythroderma.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911380

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of recombinant human syntaxin-4(STX4) on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced injury in islet β-cells(INS-1).Methods:Pancreatic islet β-cells(INS-1) were divided into Control (blank control), LPS (LPS treatment), LPS+ NC (transfection of negative control vector, LPS treatment), and LPS+ STX4 (transfection of pcDNA-STX4, LPS treatment) groups. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect STX4 mRNA and protein expression, flow cytometry to detect apoptosis, DCFHDA method to detect reactive oxygen species(ROS) level, xanthine oxidation method to detect superoxide orgotein dismutase(SOD) level, colorimetric method to detect glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) level, ammonium molybdate colorimetric method to detect catalase(CAT) level, thiobarbituric acid method to detect malonaldehyde(MDA) level, ELISA method to detect the level of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and insulin secretion levels under glucose conditions secreted by cells, Western blot method to detect Cleared Caspase-3, Bcl-2 Associated X Protein(Bax), p65 protein expression. After treatment with NF-κB signaling pathway activator, STX4 up-regulated islet β-cell INS-1 was given LPS stimulation, and the same method was used to measure apoptosis, ROS, SOD, GSH-Px, CAT, MDA levels and secreted IL-1β, TNF-α, insulin levels and Cleaved Caspase-3, Bax, p65 protein levels.Results:Compared with the Control group, the expression of STX4 mRNA and protein in islet β cells of the LPS group decreased, the apoptosis rate, ROS level, and MDA levels increased, and the levels of SOD, GSH-Px, and CAT decreased, the levels of IL-1β, TNF-α increased, the level of insulin secreted by the cells decreased, and the expression levels of Cleaved Caspase-3, Bax, and p65 also increased. NF-κB pathway activator treatment reversed the effect of up-regulated STX4 on islet β-cell apoptosis, ROS, SOD, GSH-Px, CAT, MDA levels and secreted IL-1β, TNF-α levels, and Cleaved Caspase-3 , Bax and p65 protein levels.Conclusion:Up-regulation of STX4 alleviated LPS-induced islet β cell oxidative damage, apoptosis and inflammatory factor release. The underlying mechanism might be related to the inhibition of activated NF-κB signaling pathway.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the modified efficacy of serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) combined with general anesthesia for thoracoscopic radical resection of lung cancer.Methods:Eighty-two patients of both sexes, aged 40-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-24 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, scheduled for elective thoracoscopic radical resection of lung cancer, were divided into 2 groups ( n=41 each) using a random number table method: general anesthesia group (group G) and SAPB combined with general anesthesia group (group SG). Ultrasound-guided SAPB was performed before induction of general anesthesia in group SG.General anesthesia was induced with midazolam, etomidate, sufentanil and cis atracurium, and anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane and remifentanil.Sufentanil was used for patient-controlled intravenous anesthesia (PCIA) after the end of operation.When visual analog scale score≥4, sufentanil 2.5 μg was injected intravenously for rescue analgesia.The intraoperative consumption of sevoflurane and remifentanil, extubation time, requirement for rescue analgesia within 48 h after operation, consumption of sufentanil, requirement for nicardipine and esmolol and occurrence of adverse events were recorded. Results:Compared with group G, the intraoperative consumption of remifentanil and sevoflurane, postoperative consumption of sufentanil, postoperative requirement for rescue analgesia, postoperative requirement for nicardipine and esmolol, postoperative incidence of nausea and vomiting, skin pruritus and urinary retention were significantly decreased, the extubation time was shortened, and the time of the first postoperative requirement for rescue analgesia was prolonged in group SG ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with general anesthesia alone, SAPB combined with general anesthesia can not only significantly reduce intraoperative general anesthetics and opioid consumption, but also improve postoperative stress management, which is helpful for early postoperative outcome when used for thoracoscopic radical resection of lung cancer.

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