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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 339-352, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929298

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disease in which dendritic cells (DCs) trigger the progression of psoriasis by complex interactions with keratinocytes and other immune cells. In the present study, we aimed to load celastrol, an anti-inflammatory ingredient isolated from Chinese herbs, on mannosylated liposomes to enhance DC uptake as well as to induce DC tolerance in an imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like mouse model. Mannose was grafted onto liposomes to target mannose receptors on DCs. The results demonstrated that compared with unmodified liposomes, DCs preferred to take up more fluorescence-labeled mannosylated liposomes. After loading celastrol into mannose-modified liposomes, they effectively inhibited the expression of maturation markers, including CD80, CD86 and MHC-II, on DCs both in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, after intradermal injection with a microneedle, celastrol-loaded mannose-modified liposomes (CEL-MAN-LPs) achieved a superior therapeutic effect compared with free drug and celastrol-loaded unmodified liposomes in the psoriasis mouse model in terms of the psoriasis area and severity index, histology evaluation, spleen weight, and expression of inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, our results clearly revealed that CEL-MAN-LPs was an effective formulation for psoriasis treatment and suggested that this treatment has the potential to be applied to other inflammatory diseases triggered by activated DCs.

2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 182-186, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929218

ABSTRACT

Acupoint autohemotherapy at bilateral Zusanli (ST36) and Xuehai (SP10) was used to treat a 26-year-old female patient who had suffered from recalcitrant atopic eczema (AE) for five years. The treatment was applied at a frequency of once per week for the first month, followed by a three-month period of once every other week. At the end of treatment, the patient's AE symptoms were entirely resolved, and by the end of a six-month follow-up her immunoglobulin E level had returned to the normal range. Further, there was no relapse of AE symptoms during the six-month follow-up. Therefore, we hypothesized that after the repeated treatments the local inflammatory reaction induced by autologous blood injection triggered a local immune response, followed by a systemic immune response after the repeated treatment, finally leading to the anti-inflammation and immunomodulation effects. This case suggests that acupoint autohemotherapy could be used as an effective complementary treatment for recalcitrant AE, especially in cases where other treatments have failed. Further comparative studies are needed to corroborate the value and mechanisms of this therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Dermatitis, Atopic/therapy , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907138

ABSTRACT

In May 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) called for the "global elimination of cervical cancer" and China committed to join 194 countries worldwide to "eliminate cervical cancer". In November 2020, WHO released the Global Strategy for Accelerating the Elimination of Cervical Cancer, specifying the 2030 strategic goal. China has a large population, which makes the task of eliminating cervical cancer difficult. Based on the global and local burden of cervical cancer,we discussed the current situation of cervical cancer in China in the achievement of the elimination. We showed that in order to achieve the phased elimination goal of cervical cancer by 2030, the supply of HPV vaccine needs to increase by 38% every year, the HPV vaccination coverage needs to increase by 45% every year, and the screening coverage of cervical cancer in appropriate-aged women needs to increase by 10% every year. In conclusion, efforts should be made to expand cervical cancer screening, and to incorporate HPV vaccination into the national immunization program.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907115

ABSTRACT

In May 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) called for the "global elimination of cervical cancer" and China committed to join 194 countries worldwide to "eliminate cervical cancer". In November 2020, WHO released the Global Strategy for Accelerating the Elimination of Cervical Cancer, specifying the 2030 strategic goal. China has a large population, which makes the task of eliminating cervical cancer difficult. Based on the global and local burden of cervical cancer,we discussed the current situation of cervical cancer in China in the achievement of the elimination. We showed that in order to achieve the phased elimination goal of cervical cancer by 2030, the supply of HPV vaccine needs to increase by 38% every year, the HPV vaccination coverage needs to increase by 45% every year, and the screening coverage of cervical cancer in appropriate-aged women needs to increase by 10% every year. In conclusion, efforts should be made to expand cervical cancer screening, and to incorporate HPV vaccination into the national immunization program.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the utilization and demand of health care services for children with mental disabilities and provide implications for the development and update of related policies. Methods:Data of utilization and demand of health care services for children with mental disabilities aged 0 to 17 years were selected from The Second China National Sample Survey on Disability in 2006. The difference of utilization and demands of health care services for children was analyzed in socio-economic characteristics including gender, age, urban and rural areas, disabled level, parents' highest level of education and family income. Results:The utilization rate of health care service was relatively low (44.35%), and the demands was high (98.26%) among children with mental disabilities. Medical services and assistance, rehabilitation training and services, and aid and support for poor people with disabilities were the most-utilized and most-demanded services for children with mental disabilities. In terms of utilization, the utilization rates of medical services and assistance, and rehabilitation training and services were higher among children with mental disabilities in urban areas than in rural areas (χ2 > 11.028, P < 0.01). And the utilization rate of these two services also was higher among mentally disabled children from family with higher parental education and income than among the counterparts from families with low socioeconomic status (χ2 > 9.169, P < 0.05). In terms of demand, children with more severe mental disability had higher demand of aid and support for poor people with disabilities (χ2 = 17.822, P < 0.001). And higher demand of rehabilitation training and services was found among mentally disabled children with better family socio-economic status (χ2 = 7.797, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The demands for health care services among children with mental disabilities urgently need to be further met. Reinforcing the development of above three types of services, addressing the imbalance of health care services allocation between urban and rural areas, and improving the economic conditions of disabled families will effectively improve the utilization of the health care service for mentally disabled children.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905292

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the relationship between bone metabolism biochemical markers and clinic features in patients with spinal cord injury. Methods:From July, 2018 to December, 2019, totally 135 patients with spinal cord injury were enrolled. They were assessed with American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS). β-collagen type I C-terminal telopeptide (β-CTX), total N-terminal propeptide of type I precollagen (TP1NP), 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and parathyroid hormone (PTH), serum calcium and serum phosphorus were measured. The level of TP1NP, β-CTX, 25(OH)D and PTH among clinical characteristics (gender, age, disease course, AIS grade and so on) were analyzed. Results:The levels of β-CTX and 25(OH)D were lower in women than in men (|t| > 2.044, P < 0.01). There was difference in the level of 25(OH)D among different ages (F = 3.156, P < 0.05). The levels of β-CTX and TP1NP increased in the first four months after spinal cord injury, and decreased then; while the level of PTH decreased in the first four months, and increased then (P < 0.001). The level of β-CTX was lower in patients of AIS D than in patients of AIS A and C (t >2.679, P < 0.05). The level of TP1NP was higher in paraplegics than in quadriplegics (Z = -2.035, P < 0.05). The level of β-CTX was higher in patients with fractures or surgeries involving bone than in patients without fractures or surgeries involving bone (t = 2.169, P < 0.05). There was no difference in all the bone metabolism markers between patients with and without lower extremity motor function (t < 0.839, Z < 1.822, P > 0.05). The ratio of 25(OH)D deficience was 85.19%. Conclusion:Bone conversion was active in the first four months after spinal cord injury, and decreased gradually then, which may be related to fractures of spine or surgeries involving spine after injury. The effect of spinal cord injury on bone metabolism markers is not clear. Most of patients with spinal cord injury were lack of vitamin D.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence and related factors of autonomic dysreflexia (AD) during intermittent catheterization in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods:Case control study was used in this study. Intermittent catheterization was performed on 44 SCI patients hospitalized from April, 2019 to April, 2020, The data of age, gender, time after injury, segment of injury, degree of injury, resting blood pressure, immediate blood pressure after catheterization, catheterization numbers, catheterization volume and duration of catheterization were collected. Descriptive analysis and binary Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the occurrence and related factors of AD. Results:Totally, AD happened in 26 (59.1%) patients. Urethral catheterization was done 1738 times, out of which AD accounted for 187 times (10.8%). The risk of AD increased with the time after injury and age (P < 0.05). The probability of AD was lower in T7 SCI and below than in T6 SCI and above (P = 0.002). Catheterization numbers, gender, degree of injury, catheterization volume and duration of catheterization were not influencing factors of AD (P > 0.05). Conclusion:It is necessary to have a full understanding for the occurrence of AD in patients with SCI during intermittent catheterization. For patients with SCI in T6 and above, long time after injury and elderly patients, routine monitoring of blood pressure during intermittent catheterization is recommended to detect and deal with AD in time.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical manifestations and MRI features of pediatric spinal cord injury (SCI) after back bend. Methods:A retrospective study was performed. All the medical records and MRI images of children with SCI after back bend were identified in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital from January 1st, 2002 to August 31st, 2020. Results:A total of 120 SCI children after back bend were reviewed, out of whom 119 cases were girls, one case was boy. The age ranged from 38 to 162 months, with the median age of 76 months. More cases were discovered in July and September every year (32 cases, 26.7%), as well as in weekends (67 cases, 55.8%). The main clinical manifestations were sensory and motor dysfunction of both lower limbs (120 cases, 100%), bladder and bowl incontinence (120 cases, 100%). The common first symptoms included sudden attack of lumbar pain (39 cases, 32.5%), lower limbs paralysis (30cases, 25.0%) and leg pain (10 cases, 8.3%). The peak time of symptoms ranged from five minutes to two days, with the median time of 50 minutes. The MRI features of 104 children with SCI within one week after back bend were as follows: the abnormal signals of MRI in spinal cord involved lower cervical and all the following segments of spinal cord. The number of the segments of spinal cord with abnormal signals ranged from two to 15, with the median of seven segments. The most common segments with abnormal signals were T9 (96 cases, 92.3%), T10 (96 cases, 92.3%) and T11 (90 cases, 86.5%). Among the cases followed up, 48 cases with complete injury demonstrated a vast and serous spinal cord atrophy (SCA) below the injury segments as early as 37 days after the injury, the SCA would become worse at the chronic stage and maybe involve the spinal cord above the injury segments. In 31 cases with incomplete injury, the abnormal signals of MRI in spinal cord were limited in the lumbar enlargement, with a various degree of SCA at the late stage. All the cases were diagnosed as SCI without radiologic abnormality, out of whom 89 (74.2%) cases suffered from thoracic complete SCI, 31 (25.8%) cases suffered thoracic or lumbar incomplete SCI. The common complications included scoliosis, hip joint dysplasia, urinary tract infection, hydronephrosis, osteoporosis, pathological fracture of lower limbs and valgus knee. Conclusion:The main clinical symptoms of pediatric SCI after back bend were sudden lumbar pain, sensory and motor dysfunction of both lower limbs, and bladder and bowl incontinence. Most of the cases were thoracic complete SCI, the MRI features at the early stage were multiple segments of abnormal signals of spinal cord around T9 and T10, and later an extensive severe SCA below the injury segments to the conus medullaris, accompanied by the SCA above the injury segments.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the outcome of neurological function and the clinical characteristics of complications in children with spinal cord injury. Methods:From 2011 to 2019, children under 15 years old with spinal cord injury were selected in our hospital. Their level of injury and American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) at one month, three months and one year were recorded. And the complications such as pressure ulcers/scald, urinary tract infection, hydronephrosis/vesicoureteral reflux, constipation, osteoporosis/fracture, deep vein thrombosis, neurodynia, heterotopic ossification, scoliosis and hip dysplasia were analyzed. Results:Of 159 individuals, 41 were boys and 118 were girls, the average age at injury was (6.08±2.57) years. The main cause of spinal cord injury was sports accidents (47.8%), and the main injury sites were thoracic spinal cord injury (89.3%). The cause of spinal cord injury was correlated with age at injury (r = -0.160, P = 0.044), gender (r = -0.458, P < 0.001) and injury sites (r = -0.249, P = 0.002). Complete spinal cord injury counted for 71.7%, and the AIS grade at one month was correlated with that at twelve months (r = 0.984, P < 0.001). The main complications were urinary tract infection (69.2%), constipation (67.9%), hydronephrosis/vesicoureteral reflux (37.7%), scoliosis (25.8%) and hip dysplasia (25.2%). The incidence of ulcers/scald was correlated with injury site (r = 0.179, P = 0.024). The AIS grade three months after injury was significantly correlated with urinary tract infection, constipation, scoliosis and hip dysplasia (|r| > 0.227, P < 0.01). The incidence of ulcers/scald was correlated with osteoporosis/fracture (r = 0.208, P < 0.01). The incidence of urinary tract infection was significantly correlated with hydronephrosis/vesicoureteral reflux, constipation, scoliosis and hip dysplasia (r > 0.261, P < 0.001), as well as osteoporosis/fracture (r = 0.195, P < 0.05). The incidence of hydronephrosis/vesicoureteral reflux was significantly correlated with constipation, osteoporosis/fracture, scoliosis and hip dysplasia (r > 0.146, P < 0.01). The incidence of constipation was significantly correlated with scoliosis and hip dysplasia (r > 0.313, P < 0.01), as well as osteoporosis/fracture (r = 0.160, P < 0.05). The incidence of osteoporosis/fracture was significantly correlated with scoliosis and hip dysplasia (r > 0.342, P < 0.01). The incidence of scoliosis was significantly correlated with hip dysplasia (r = 0.818, P < 0.001). Conclusion:The recovery of neurological function after spinal cord injury in children is closely correlated to AIS. The outcome of complete spinal cord injury is poor. The common complications after spinal cord injury in children demonstrate specific age characteristics, and the incidence of urinary tract infection, constipation, hydronephrosis/vesicoureteral reflux, scoliosis and hip dysplasia are common complications, which need more attention.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of old patients with spinal cord injury. Methods:From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2019, totally 386 old (≥ 60 years) patients with spinal cord injury were enrolled. Their gender, age, etiology, American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) and complications were analyzed. Results:In the old patients with spinal cord injury, traumatic spinal cord injury was more common in males (71.17%) and non-traumatic spinal cord injury was more common in females (56.19%). Fall on level surface was the most important cause of spinal cord injury both in old men (28.83%) and women (24.76%). Tumor (19.05%) was the most common non-traumatic cause of spinal cord injury in old female patients. Cervical segment (78.46%) was the most common site of injury in old traumatic spinal cord injury, while thoracic segment (52.14%) was the most common site of injury in non-traumatic spinal cord injury. Grade D (38.08%) was the most common AIS grade, followed by grades C (28.76%), A (21.50%), and B (11.66%). Spinal canal stenosis (23.31%) played an important role in the etiology of old spinal cord injury. Neuralgia, venous thrombosis of lower extremities and urinary tract infection were the most common complications in old patients with spinal cord injury. Conclusion:Fall on level surface is the leading cause of spinal cord injury in old patients, and the proportion of fall in the etiology of old spinal cord injury tends to increase with age. It is important to take effective measures to avoid falling in the old adults to prevent spinal cord injury.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of coping behaviors among caregivers of children with disabilities in the context of rehabilitation and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 358 caregivers (parents) of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. They were evaluated in the context of rehabilitation of children with disabilities with Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP). Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors. Results:The total score of CHIP was (106.00±23.45) and the average score of CHIP was (2.36±0.52). Among the caregiver factor, mothers (B = 7.607, 95%CI 2.477 to 12.737, P = 0.004), and caregivers who didn't need to care for others (B = 5.758, 95%CI 1.174 to 10.343, P = 0.014) reported higher CHIP score. Among the child factors, higher CHIP score was reported in caregivers who had more partners (B = 2.925, 95%CI 1.233 to 4.618, P < 0.001), participated in public space activities more frequently (B = 3.906, 95%CI 1.743 to 6.068, P < 0.001) and perceived changes in rehabilitation outcomes (B = -16.832, 95%CI -31.471 to -2.193, P = 0.024); CHIP score was lower in thoses of 3 to < 6 years old (B = -7.914, 95%CI -15.157 to -0.671, P = 0.032) and with intellectual disability children (B = -11.153, 95%CI -21.360 to -0.947, P = 0.032). Among the environmental factors, caregivers who perceived more friendly social attitude (B = 2.560, 95%CI 0.615 to 4.505, P = 0.010) reported higher CHIP score. Conclusion:It is proposed to learn the coping needs of caregivers of children with disabilities in the context of rehabilitation. The coping behaviors of caregivers are influenced by multiple factors, such as children's individual, caregivers and environment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the depression status of caregivers of children with disabilities and analyze the influencing factors. Methods:From August to September, 2020, a one-to-one interview was conducted using a convenience sampling method to determine the depression status of 334 caregivers of children with disabilities in Shanghai. Patient Health Questionnaire 9 Item (PHQ-9) was used to evaluate the depression status. The data were analyzed with univariate analysis from three aspects: caregiver, care recipient and environment. Then, the statistically significant variables were included in a dichotomous logistic regression. Results:The depression rate of 334 caregivers of children with disabilities was 35.9%. Among the caregiver factors, female caregivers had a higher risk of depression than male (OR = 2.193, 95%CI 1.131 to 4.254, P = 0.002). Among the care recipient factors, poor sleep quality (OR = 1.942, 5%CI 1.113 to 3.386, P < 0.05), emotional instability (OR = 17.456, 95%CI 2.534 to 120.240, P < 0.05) and types of disability (ORintelligence = 5.401, 95%CI 1.995 to 14.624; ORmental = 3.712, 95%CI 1.615 to 8.530; ORphysical = 2.913, 95%CI 1.330 to 6.379; P < 0.05) were associated with the depression of caregivers. Among the environmental factors, caregivers in rented housing had a higher risk of depression than those in owner-occupied housing (OR = 1.727, 95%CI 1.135 to 2.627, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The depression status of caregivers of children with disabilities is not optimistic, with higher rates of reported depression among female caregivers, caregivers in rented housing; caregivers of children with intellectual, mental and physical disabilities, and poor sleep quality and emotional instability.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anxiety state and its influencing factors for caregivers of children with disabilities. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 496 family caregivers of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. Crosstab was used to analyze the anxiety state and binary logistic regression analysis was used for identifying key factors. Results:There were 73.2% parents and 26.8% grandparents among 496 caregivers. Physical disabilities accounted most (26.0%) in the children. About 35.1% caregivers reported their anxiety state, and more than 10% reported moderate to severe anxiety. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that grandfather reported 0.318 times anxiety to mother (OR = 0.318, 95%CI 0.113 to 0.900, P = 0.031). Sleep problems (OR = 1.713, 95%CI 1.046 to 2.805, P = 0.032) and emotional functioning (ORgenerally = 0.057, 95%CI 0.009 to 0.340, P = 0.002; ORstable = 0.031, 95%CI 0.005 to 0.205, P < 0.001) of children were associated with the rate of caregiver-reported anxiety. Among family environment factors, monthly per capita household income (OR5000-< 10000 Yuan = 0.463, 95%CI 0.236 to 0.909, P = 0.025; OR≥ 10,000 Yuan = 0.325, 95%CI 0.160 to 0.660, P = 0.002) and housing status (OR = 0.356, 95%CI 0.208 to 0.608, P < 0.001) were associated with the rate of caregiver-reported anxiety. Among social environment factors, caregivers who were satisfied with current accessibility reported lower rate of anxiety (ORsatisfied = 0.136, 95%CI 0.031 to 0.602, P = 0.009). Conclusion:The anxiety state of caregivers of children with disabilities is higher than that of the general population. When caregivers are caring for a child with sleep problem or emotional issue, have low household income, or dissatisfied with the barrier-free environment, they may face higher risk of anxiety.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the quality of life of caregivers of children with disabilities and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 496 family caregivers of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. The 12-item Short-form Health Survey (SF-12) was used to measure the quality of life of 496 caregivers, and multiple linear regression was performed to analyze the related factors. Results:The score of physical component summary (PCS) of caregivers was (51.67±8.11), and the score of mental component summary (MCS) was (42.10±12.66). The scores of PCS were lower in caregivers with children aged 6 to 18 years (B = -1.783, 95%CI -3.279 to -0.287, P = 0.020), children with emotional instability (B = 2.719, 95%CI 1.254 to 4.184, P < 0.001), female caregivers (B = -3.765, 95%CI -6.578 to -0.953, P = 0.009), and caregivers who were relatively dissatisfied with the policy (B = 1.973, 95%CI 0.367 to 3.578, P = 0.016); and were higher in caregivers with children with speech disabilities (B = 3.463, 95%CI 0.053 to 6.873, P = 0.047). The types of disabilities of children (Bhearing = 9.465, 95%CI 5.107 to 13.823, P < 0.001; Bundetermined = 5.999, 95%CI 1.558 to 10.441, P = 0.008), playmates of children (B = 2.626, 95%CI 0.352 to 4.901, P = 0.024), education level of caregivers (Bhigh middle school = -4.701, 95%CI -8.028 to -1.374, P = 0.006; Bhigh school = -3.610, 95%CI -6.604 to -0.615, P = 0.018), family size (B = 2.616, 95%CI 0.479 to 4.753, P = 0.017) and per capita monthly income (B < 5000 Yuan= -6.572, 95%CI -9.136 to -4.008, P < 0.001; B5000 to < 10000 Yuan = -4.932, 95%CI -7.544 to -2.319, P < 0.001) were associated with the scores of MCS. Conclusion:The quality of life, especially the mental health, of caregivers of children with disabilities is poor. The influencing factors cover multiple dimensions such as caregivers, children, family and social environment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of the quality of life of children with disabilities and its influencing factors. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 285 family caregivers of children with disabilities were enrolled in Shanghai. The EuroQol-5 Dimension Questionnaire Youth Version (EQ-5D-Y) was used to measure the quality of life of 285 children with disabilities. The impact of individual factors, caregiver factors, and environmental factors (family factors and social factors) on children's quality of life were analyzed using multiple linear stepwise regression analysis. Results:The score of Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was (71.66±22.33). The quality of life were poorer for children with physical disabilities (B = -13.623, 95%CI -25.282 to -1.965, P = 0.022) or multiple disabilities (B = -14.911, 95%CI -27.445 to -2.377, P = 0.020), combined diseases (B = -8.995, 95%CI -14.780 to -3.210, P = 0.002), emotional instability (B = -4.414, 95%CI -7.433 to -1.395, P = 0.004), poor partnerships (B = 4.965, 95%CI 1.748 to 8.181, P = 0.003), no pre-school education (B = -7.757, 95%CI -12.954 to -2.561, P = 0.004) and grandparents as the main caregiver (B = -7.999, 95%CI -14.288 to -1.710, P = 0.013). Conclusion:The quality of life for children with disabilities is relatively poor and influenced by multiple factors such as children's individual, caregivers, and environment. The main influencing factors are individual factors and caregiver factors.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905153

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the care needs and influencing factors for caregivers of children with disabilities. Methods:From December, 2019 to January, 2020, and August to September, 2020, a total of 496 family caregivers of children with disabilities were surveyed in Shanghai. The Care Needs Assessment Tool for Children with Disabilities was used to measure the care needs rates and satisfaction, and multiple linear regression was performed to analyze the related factors. Results:The rate of total need was 71.8%, which was high in the information support (83.7%), spiritual support (75.9%) and financial support (74.1%), and was at an intermediate level in alternative service support (62.9%) and professional support (62.2%). The satisfaction of total need was 39.4%, which was at a intermediate level in the spiritual support (50.8%) and professional support (45.5%), and was at a low level in alternative service support (32.8%), financial support (32.3%) and information support (30.3%). The caregivers needed less support for thoses with higher public policy satisfaction (B = -3.252, 95%CI -5.370 to -1.134, P = 0.003) and the children with vision and speech disability, and undetermined disability (Bvision disability= -12.160, 95%CI -21.976 to -2.344, P = 0.015; Bspeech disability= -12.754, 95%CI -22.583 to -2.925, P = 0.011; Bundetermined disability= -16.553, 95%CI -24.714 to -8.392, P < 0.001), while mothers (B = 9.071, 95%CI 4.293 to 13.848, P < 0.001) needed more support than grandparents. The caregivers with higher public policy satisfaction (B = 7.392, 95%CI 5.523 to 9.262, P < 0.001), the children with vision disability, hearing disability and speech disability (Bvision disability= 8.612, 95%CI 0.081 to 17.144, P = 0.048; Bhearing disability= 8.686, 95%CI 1.920 to 15.451, P=0.012; Bspeech disability= 9.515, 95%CI 1.184 to 17.846, P = 0.025), lower barriers to social inclusion (B = 1.932, 95%CI 0.457 to 3.408, P = 0.010) and shorter average daily care hours (B = -4.123, 95%CI -6.247 to -1.999, P < 0.001) were more satisfactory for support. Conclusion:The care needs of children with disabilities are diverse, with the highest rate of need for information support and the lowest level of satisfaction. There is some variation in the care needs of children with different types of disabilities, family roles, average daily care hours and social environment characteristics.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2306-2315, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921140

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Existing clinical prediction models for in vitro fertilization are based on the fresh oocyte cycle, and there is no prediction model to evaluate the probability of successful thawing of cryopreserved mature oocytes. This research aims to identify and study the characteristics of pre-oocyte-retrieval patients that can affect the pregnancy outcomes of emergency oocyte freeze-thaw cycles.@*METHODS@#Data were collected from the Reproductive Center, Peking University Third Hospital of China. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to derive the nomogram. Nomogram model performance was assessed by examining the discrimination and calibration in the development and validation cohorts. Discriminatory ability was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), and calibration was assessed using the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test and calibration plots.@*RESULTS@#The predictors in the model of "no transferable embryo cycles" are female age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.099, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.003-1.205, P = 0.0440), duration of infertility (OR = 1.140, 95% CI = 1.018-1.276, P = 0.0240), basal follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level (OR = 1.205, 95% CI = 1.051-1.382, P = 0.0084), basal estradiol (E2) level (OR = 1.006, 95% CI = 1.001-1.010, P = 0.0120), and sperm from microdissection testicular sperm extraction (MESA) (OR = 7.741, 95% CI = 2.905-20.632, P 10 mm on the day of hCG administration.


Subject(s)
Embryo Transfer , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Nomograms , Oocytes , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915055

ABSTRACT

Background@#Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping has been recommended as an alternative staging approach to lymphadenectomy for apparent uterine-confined endometrial cancer (EC). However, the prognostic value of SLN mapping alone instead of systematic lymphadenectomy on EC patients remains unclear. @*Methods@#A multi-center, open label, non-inferiority randomized controlled trial has been designed to identify if SLN mapping alone is not inferior to pelvic lymphadenectomy on prognosis of patients with intermediate-high-risk EC clinically confined to uterus. Eligible patients will be 1:1 randomly assigned to accept SLN mapping or pelvic lymphadenectomy. The primary endpoint is the 2-year progression-free survival (PFS). The second points are the 5-year PFS, 5-year overall survival, surgery-related adverse events and life quality. A total of 780 patients will be enrolled from 6 hospitals in China within 3-year period and followed up for 5 years.

19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 479-483, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888459

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is emerging as a global health threat and shows a higher risk for men than women. Thus far, the studies on andrological consequences of COVID-19 are limited. To ascertain the consequences of COVID-19 on sperm parameters after recovery, we recruited 41 reproductive-aged male patients who had recovered from COVID-19, and analyzed their semen parameters and serum sex hormones at a median time of 56 days after hospital discharge. For longitudinal analysis, a second sampling was obtained from 22 of the 41 patients after a median time interval of 29 days from first sampling. Compared with controls who had not suffered from COVID-19, the total sperm count, sperm concentration, and percentages of motile and progressively motile spermatozoa in the patients were significantly lower at first sampling, while sperm vitality and morphology were not affected. The total sperm count, sperm concentration, and number of motile spermatozoa per ejaculate were significantly increased and the percentage of morphologically abnormal sperm was reduced at the second sampling compared with those at first in the 22 patients examined. Though there were higher prolactin and lower progesterone levels in patients at first sampling than those in controls, no significant alterations were detected for any sex hormones examined over time following COVID-19 recovery in the 22 patients. Although it should be interpreted carefully, these findings indicate an adverse but potentially reversible consequence of COVID-19 on sperm quality.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthenozoospermia/virology , COVID-19/physiopathology , China , Gonadal Steroid Hormones/blood , Humans , Male , Progesterone/blood , Prolactin/blood , SARS-CoV-2 , Semen/physiology , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa/physiology , Time Factors
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 518-526, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887687

ABSTRACT

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) is one of the significant and conserved second messengers in mammals, and it participates in regulating the developmental and physiological functions of various organs and tissues through transducting extracellular signals. Studies have shown that the process of meiosis in female mammalian oocytes is closely related to the level of cAMP and strictly regulated. In oocytes, cAMP is mainly synthesized by adenylate cyclase 3 (AC3) and degraded by phosphodiesterase 3A (PDE3A), both of which jointly regulate the level of cAMP in oocytes and play important roles in the follicular development and oogenesis of female ovaries. It has been well illuminated that high level of cAMP in the cytoplasm of oocytes in growing follicles could maintain the arrest of the first meiotic of oocytes for a long time. The oocytes will resume meiosis and mature either when the synthesis of cAMP is down-regulated, or when cAMP is degraded by PDE3A. In recent years, the novo physiological functions of cAMP in oogenesis have been reported. To better understand the regulatory role and mechanism of cAMP in mammalian gametogenesis, this paper reviews the relevant research regarding the relationship between cAMP and germ cell development.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Monophosphate , Animals , Cyclic AMP , Female , Mammals , Meiosis , Oocytes , Oogenesis
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