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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920538

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the characteristics of exposure to micro- and nano-plastics (MPs) via food ingestion and inhalation among Chinese children including 6-7 years old school children in Pudong New Area of Shanghai. Methods Articles published until March 2021 were searched on PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang and Weipu databases. The exposure levels of MPs by food ingestion and inhalation pathways were estimated by referring to the Chinese children food consumption and breathing rates data. The characteristics of children’s exposure to MPs in China were compared with that in the United States. In addition, the consumption of bottled water, tap water and salt intake among children aged 6-7 years was determined in a cohort of children and adolescents in Pudong New Area of Shanghai. The characteristics of exposure to MPs through food intake and inhalation among them were investigated. Results A total of 5 786 samples from 38 studies were retrieved. Annual intake of MPs among Chinese children was estimated to range from 159 400 to 204 637 MPs from food ingestion, depending on age and sex. When inhalation exposure is also considered, the annual MPs intake increased to 164 635 to 213 032 MPs, which were larger than the values in American persons. Ingestion of MPs posed the largest health risk to male Chinese adults. With the questionnaire survey data, the estimated annual total exposure amount through food intake alone is 116 272‒120 334 MPs for 6 to 7 years old school children in Pudong New Area. With addition of inhalation exposure, the annual total exposure amount is 121 300‒125 983 MPs, which is lower than the average exposure level in the whole country. The discrepancy could be mainly due to the different drinking habits between the local children and others. Overall, tap drinking water, seafood,bottled water, and air represented four substantial vectors of daily MPs exposure in Chinese children. Conclusion Ingestion and inhalation of MPs pose higher health risk to Chinese children in comparison to American children. The level of exposure to MPs among 6 to 7 years old school children in Pudong New Area of Shanghai is lower than that in the same age group of children across the whole country. The attempt to lower the MPs levels in drinking water and seafood would represent the most effective means to help reduce the MPs exposure risk to Chinese children.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918233

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between 18F-FDG PET/CT semi-quantitative parameters and the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (IASLC/ATS/ERS) histopathologic classification, including histological subtypes, proliferation activity, and somatic mutations. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study included 419 patients (150 males, 269 females; median age, 59.0 years;age range, 23.0–84.0 years) who had undergone surgical removal of stage IA–IIIA lung adenocarcinoma and had preoperative PET/CT data of lung tumors. The maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax), background-subtracted volume (BSV), and background-subtracted lesion activity (BSL) derived from PET/CT were measured. The IASLC/ATS/ERS subtypes, Ki67 score, and epidermal growth factor/anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EGFR/ALK) mutation status were evaluated. The PET/CT semiquantitative parameters were compared between the tumor subtypes using the Mann–Whitney U test or the Kruskal–Wallis test. The optimum cutoff values of the PET/CT semi-quantitative parameters for distinguishing the IASLC/ATS/ERS subtypes were calculated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. The correlation between the PET/CT semi-quantitative parameters and pathological parameters was analyzed using Spearman’s correlation. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. @*Results@#SUVmax, BSV, and BSL values were significantly higher in invasive adenocarcinoma (IA) than in minimally IA (MIA), and the values were higher in MIA than in adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) (all p < 0.05). Remarkably, an SUVmax of 0.90 and a BSL of 3.62 were shown to be the optimal cutoff values for differentiating MIA from AIS, manifesting as pure ground-glass nodules with 100% sensitivity and specificity. Metabolic-volumetric parameters (BSV and BSL) were better potential independent factors than metabolic parameters (SUVmax) in differentiating growth patterns. SUVmax and BSL, rather than BSV, were strongly or moderately correlated with Ki67 in most subtypes, except for the micropapillary and solid predominant groups. PET/CT parameters were not correlated with EGFR/ALK mutation status. @*Conclusion@#As noninvasive surrogates, preoperative PET/CT semi-quantitative parameters could imply IASLC/ATS/ERS subtypes and Ki67 index and thus may contribute to improved management of precise surgery and postoperative adjuvant therapy.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2391-2405, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929378

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced hyperglycemia/diabetes is a global issue. Some drugs induce hyperglycemia by activating the pregnane X receptor (PXR), but the mechanism is unclear. Here, we report that PXR activation induces hyperglycemia by impairing hepatic glucose metabolism due to inhibition of the hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-alpha (HNF4α)‒glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) pathway. The PXR agonists atorvastatin and rifampicin significantly downregulated GLUT2 and HNF4α expression, and impaired glucose uptake and utilization in HepG2 cells. Overexpression of PXR downregulated GLUT2 and HNF4α expression, while silencing PXR upregulated HNF4α and GLUT2 expression. Silencing HNF4α decreased GLUT2 expression, while overexpressing HNF4α increased GLUT2 expression and glucose uptake. Silencing PXR or overexpressing HNF4α reversed the atorvastatin-induced decrease in GLUT2 expression and glucose uptake. In human primary hepatocytes, atorvastatin downregulated GLUT2 and HNF4α mRNA expression, which could be attenuated by silencing PXR. Silencing HNF4α downregulated GLUT2 mRNA expression. These findings were reproduced with mouse primary hepatocytes. Hnf4α plasmid increased Slc2a2 promoter activity. Hnf4α silencing or pregnenolone-16α-carbonitrile (PCN) suppressed the Slc2a2 promoter activity by decreasing HNF4α recruitment to the Slc2a2 promoter. Liver-specific Hnf4α deletion and PCN impaired glucose tolerance and hepatic glucose uptake, and decreased the expression of hepatic HNF4α and GLUT2. In conclusion, PXR activation impaired hepatic glucose metabolism partly by inhibiting the HNF4α‒GLUT2 pathway. These results highlight the molecular mechanisms by which PXR activators induce hyperglycemia/diabetes.

4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 125-133, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927588

ABSTRACT

Captopril can have nephrotoxic effects, which are largely attributed to accumulated renin and "escaped" angiotensin II (Ang II). Here we test whether angiotensin converting enzyme-1 (ACE1) inhibition damages kidneys via alteration of renal afferent arteriolar responses to Ang II and inflammatory signaling. C57Bl/6 mice were given vehicle or captopril (60 mg/kg per day) for four weeks. Hypertension was obtained by minipump supplying Ang II (400 ng/kg per min) during the second 2 weeks. We assessed kidney histology by periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and Masson staining, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by FITC-labeled inulin clearance, and responses to Ang II assessed in afferent arterioles in vitro. Moreover, arteriolar H2O2 and catalase, plasma renin were assayed by commercial kits, and mRNAs of renin receptor, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the renal cortex, mRNAs of angiotensin receptor-1 (AT1R) and AT2R in the preglomerular arterioles were detected by RT-qPCR. The results showed that, compared to vehicle, mice given captopril showed lowered blood pressure, reduced GFR, increased plasma renin, renal interstitial fibrosis and tubular epithelial vacuolar degeneration, increased expression of mRNAs of renal TGF-β and COX-2, decreased production of H2O2 and increased catalase activity in preglomerular arterioles and enhanced afferent arteriolar Ang II contractions. The latter were blunted by incubation with H2O2. The mRNAs of renal microvascular AT1R and AT2R remained unaffected by captopril. Ang II-infused mice showed increased blood pressure and reduced afferent arteriolar Ang II responses. Administration of captopril to the Ang II-infused mice normalized blood pressure, but not arteriolar Ang II responses. We conclude that inhibition of ACE1 enhances renal microvascular reactivity to Ang II and may enhance important inflammatory pathways.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II/pharmacology , Animals , Arterioles/metabolism , Captopril/pharmacology , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Kidney , Mice
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927406

ABSTRACT

This study sorted out the records of blood-pricking therapy in ancient and modern medical literature, and clarified the origin and development of blood-pricking school. The main stages of the school development included origin and germination stage, the theoretical development stage, the experience accumulation stage, the theoretical innovation and characteristic formation stage, the continuous improvement and maturity stage and the unprecedented development stage. The main academic thoughts included the idea of resolutely eliminating the blood-excess, the idea of completely expelling evil, the idea of simultaneous application of acupuncture-moxibustion and medication and the idea of focusing the use of jing-well point. This school has a far-reaching impact on modern clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Schools
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923495

ABSTRACT

@#Due to the complex components of polysorbate 80, analysis is time-consuming and labor-intensive, so there is an urgent need to find a method for rapid analysis of polysorbate 80 components.In this study, 10 batches of samples collected from 3 domestic and foreign enterprises were analyzed by UHPLC-HRMS, with the being further results were analyzed by the ExcipientProfiler software and supplemented by the extended database.The results showed that the ExcipientProfiler software could quickly identify the [M+Na]+ peak in the mass spectrogram, and obtain the information of component distribution, the numbers of components and the degree of polymerization of the sample.Meanwhile, the numbers of components obtained by the ExcipientProfiler software could be used to distinguish the injection grade samples from the ordinary grade samples by systematic clustering analysis.In addition, it was found through further supplement that the sample contained other fatty acid ester components by manually searching the relevant extended database.The polyoxyethylene sorbitan tetraoleate components were found in the sample according to the analysis of mass spectrum data.Therefore, although this method is fast and simple, it is necessary to add polyoxyethylene sorbitan tetraoleate components and other fatty acid ester components to further supplement the information in the ExcipientProfiler software, so that it can be better used for the analysis of polysorbate 80.

7.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3486, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1347601

ABSTRACT

Objective: to develop an integrative learning program for people with dementia. Method: a methodological study was conducted using Delphi technique to develop the learning program, followed by a feasibility test. An expert panel was invited to develop the integrative learning program based on the neuroplasticity and learning framework. A feasibility test was conducted to evaluate the implementation of the program in two centers after the training of personnel who run the program. Verbatim transcripts of case conferences were coded, analyzed, and collapsed into themes and sub-themes by consensus. Results: there was no indication for content modification during the period of program implementation. Qualitatively, the participating older adults showed improvement in communications, emotions, connectedness with self and others, and well-being. Conclusion: the integrative learning program was uneventfully implemented with promising results. The program is ready for full-scale research on its efficacy in multiple centers to obtain more robust evidence.


Objetivo: desarrollar un programa de aprendizaje integrador para personas con demencia. Método: se realizó un estudio metodológico empleando la técnica Delphi para desarrollar el programa de aprendizaje, seguida de una prueba de viabilidad. Se invitó a un panel de expertos a que desarrollara el programa de aprendizaje integrador sobre la base del marco de la neuroplasticidad y el aprendizaje. Se realizó una prueba de viabilidad para evaluar la implementación del programa en dos centros después de haber capacitado al personal que dirige el programa. Las transcripciones literales de los debates de casos se codificaron, analizaron y resumieron en temas y subtemas por medio de consenso. Resultados: no hubo ninguna indicación para modificar el contenido durante el período de implementación del programa. En forma cualitativa, los adultos mayores que participaron del programa evidenciaron mejoras en la comunicación, las emociones, la capacidad de conexión con ellos mismos y con los demás y el bienestar. Conclusión: el programa de aprendizaje integrador se implementó sin inconvenientes con resultados prometedores. El programa es apto para ser sometido a una investigación a gran escala con respecto a su eficacia en varios centros para obtener evidencia más sólida.


Objetivo: desenvolver um programa de aprendizagem integrativa para pessoas com demência. Método: foi realizado um estudo metodológico com a técnica Delphi para desenvolver o programa de aprendizagem, seguido de um teste de viabilidade. Um grupo de especialistas foi convidado para desenvolver o programa de aprendizagem integrativa com base no framework da neuroplasticidade e da aprendizagem. Um teste de viabilidade foi realizado para avaliar a implementação do programa em dois centros após treinamento do pessoal que dirige o programa. Transcrições literais de conferências de casos foram codificadas, analisadas e agrupadas em temas e subtemas por consenso. Resultados: não houve indicação de modificação de conteúdo durante o período de implementação do programa. Qualitativamente, os idosos participantes apresentaram melhora nas comunicações, emoções, conexão consigo e com os outros e bem-estar. Conclusão: o programa de aprendizagem integrativa foi implementado sem intercorrências com resultados promissores. O programa está adequado para ser submetido a pesquisas em grande escala relacionadas com sua eficácia em vários centros a fim de obter evidências mais robustas.


Subject(s)
Psychiatric Nursing , Nursing Methodology Research , Delphi Technique , Communication , Community Health Services , Dementia , Learning , Neuronal Plasticity
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of neck circumference (NC) for identifying metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:a total of 413 type 2 diabetic patients (188 male and 225 female) in Qinhuangdao Chinese Medicine Hospital from August 2018 to July 2019 were recruited. Waist circumference (WC), NC and metabolic indicators were measured. The association between WC, NC and metabolic indicators was explored. Area under the curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the abilities of NC.Results:The average age of male was (55.35 ± 14.15) years, and the detection rate of MS was 74.47% (140/188). The average age of female was (60.19 ± 10.29) years, and the detection rate of MS was 71.11% (160/225). In male group, WC showed a negative correlation with age and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) ( P<0.05); NC showed a negative correlation with glycated hemoglobin, total cholesterol (TC) and HDL-C ( P<0.05), and a positive correlation with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ( P<0.05). In female group, WC showed a positive correlation with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and systolic blood pressure (SBP), and a negative correlation with HDL-C; NC showed a positive correlation with FPG and SBP. WC and HC were good indexes for identifying metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetes (WC: AUC male 0.862, female 0.870; NC: AUC male 0.745, female 0.752). After applying the ROC analysis, neck circumferences ≥ 34.5 cm in males and ≥ 31.75 cm in females were determined as the best cutoff values to predict MS in type 2 diabetes. Conclusions:NC is a helpful tool to detect MS in type 2 diabetes.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status and influencing factors of quality of life among disabled elderly whose home care services were paid by the long-term care insurance in Guangzhou, in order to provide a scientific evidence for improving their quality of life and improving the long term care insurance system.Methods:A convenience sample of 161 disabled elderly whose home care services were paid by the long-term care insurance were recruited and investigated. A cross-sectional survey was conducted by general information questionnaire, World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Scale, Barthel Index, Self-rating Depression Scale, Self-rating Anxiety Scale and World Health Organization Happiness Index Scale.Results:The score of the quality of life among disabled elderly was 41.17±7.79. And the score of its four dimensions in descending order: environment, social relationships, psychological and physical with (11.38 ± 2.71), (10.36 ± 3.16), (9.86 ± 2.08), (9.56 ± 1.89) points. The multiple linear regression analysis found that frequencies of outdoor activities per week, frequencies of hospitalization in the past year, subjective well-being, depression and anxiety influenced the quality of life of the disabled elderly( P<0.05). Conclusions:The quality of life of disabled elderly is not optimistic. Nurses in home care institutions should formulate personalized nursing intervention based on influencing factors to improve the quality of life of disabled elderly, while providing a basis for optimizing long-term care insurance policies.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907705

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the methodological quality and evidence quality of outcome of the systematic reviews/meta analyses on traditional exercise for the improvement of cardiopulmonary function.Methods:By searching for PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and CBM databases in Chinese or English, the Systematic Reviews/meta analysis of traditional exercises for improving cardiopulmonary function was conducted. The retrieval time was March 8th, 2020. The AMSTAR 2 scale was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the systematic review/meta-analysis that met the inclusion criteria. Since the included studies cannot reflect the overall effect of traditional exercises on improving cardiopulmonary function, and the methodological quality of systematic reviews was generally low, a secondary analysis of the RCT studies included in the systematic reviews was conducted. The methodological quality evaluation of the original RCT study adopted the Cochrane Reviewers’ Handbook Version 5.0.0 bias risk assessment method (Risk of Bias, ROB), and applied the Revman 5.3 software to merge the original RCT data. The GRADE system was used for evidence evaluation.Results:A total of 32 systematic reviews/meta analysis were included, and the AMSTAR2 scale indicated that only one of the 32 systematic reviews/meta included was of high-quality, 1 was of low-quality, and the others were of extremely low quality. A total of 57 RCTs were included in the 32 systematic reviews for bias risk assessment and data consolidation. GRADE evidence quality evaluation showed that 14 evidences were of medium quality, 26 evidences were of low quality, and 5 evidences were of extremely low quality.Conclusions:Traditional exercises can improve cardiopulmonary function, but with low evidence quality. Thus, clinicians should make clinical decisions based on conditions.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907615

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on network pharmacology to study the mechanism of Shaoyao-Gancao Decoction in treating tension-type headache. Methods:Searched for the active ingredients and potential targets of Shaoyao-Gancao Decoction from TCMSP database, and adopted the targets of tension-type headache from GeneCards, DisGeNET, Drugbank and OMIM databases. Then obtained all the intersections of Shaoyao-Gancao Decoction and tension-type headache, and uploaded them to the STRING databases to construct a PPI network and conduct topological properties analysis. Finally, established a Chinese medicine regulatory network of Chinese medicine-components-target genes-disease by Cytoscape 3.6.1 software. To perform the GO function enrichment analysis and KEGG analysis on the core targets. Results:There were 51 intersections of Shaoyao-Gancao Decoction and tension-type headache. The topological properties analysis suggested that CASP3, JUN, HSP90AA1, MAPK1, STAT3, CCND1, ESR1, RELA, PTGS2, MAPK14 may be the potential targets for the treatment of tension-type headache in Shaoyao-Gancao Decoction. Gene ontology enrichment analysis showed 876 biological processes, 101 molecular functions and 62 cellular components. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed 25 related signaling pathways, including TNF signaling pathway, serotonergic synapse, NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, Dopaminergic synapse and Sphingolipid signaling pathway. Conclusion:The treatment of tension-type headache by Shaoyao-Gancao Decoction verified the characteristics of multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway, which provided reference for the clinical medication.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 648-653, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873813

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate related factors for stone recurrence after endoscopic minimally invasive gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy, and to establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of stone recurrence after surgery based on independent risk factors. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 144 patients with gallstones who underwent endoscopic minimally invasive gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy in Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital from January 2012 to January 2018, and according to postoperative stone recurrence, the patients were divided into non-recurrence group and recurrence group. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. LASSO and logistic regression analyses were used to analyze independent risk factors for postoperative stone recurrence, and the corresponding nomogram prediction model was plotted according to regression coefficient. The calibration curve was plotted to evaluate the reliability of the predictive nomogram; Harrell consistency index was used to quantify the discriminatory performance of the predictive nomogram; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and area under the ROC curve (AUC) of this predictive nomogram. ResultsAll 144 patients underwent successful endoscopic minimally invasive gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy, among whom 14 patients (9.7%) experienced stone recurrence after surgery. The multivariate analysis showed that family history (odds ratio [OR]= 3.245, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.752-13567, P=0.104), regular diet (OR=3.752, 95% CI: 1.067-14.141, P=0.041), stone homogeneity (OR=5.871, 95% CI: 1636-25.390, P=0.010), and medication compliance (OR=0.225, 95% CI: 0.057-0.799, P=0.024) were independent risk factors for recurrence. The nomogram model had an index of concordance (C-index) of 0.835 (95% CI: 0.732-0.938) in the modeling sample and 0.7925 in the verification sample, suggesting that the nomogram model in this study had good accuracy and discrimination. The predictive nomogram had an AUC of 0.835, suggesting that this nomogram had a relatively high predictive value. ConclusionFamily history, regular diet, stone homogeneity, and medication compliance are independent risk factors for stone recurrence after endoscopic minimally invasive gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy, and the nomogram constructed based on these independent risk factors may help to predict the risk of postoperative stone recurrence.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873752

ABSTRACT

The mixed teaching model combines the advantages of traditional teaching and network teaching in the “Internet +” era, which has become one of the important trends in the higher education teaching development. In order to follow this development trend, the human parasitology teaching team makes a reasonable use of modern information techniques, actively promotes the construction and application of online resources, and conducts mixed online and offline teaching based on MOOC resources and the experimental teaching digital platform. This mixed teaching model has shown a positive impact on both teaching and learning among teachers and students; however, students’ personalized independent and deep learning remains unsatisfactory. It is suggested that the online course resources construction, teaching design and digital literacy remain to be increased, so as to create a high-level, innovative and challenging online-offline mixed “golden course”

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 443-452, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873485

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To identif y and analyze the flavonoids and coumarins in Radix Ardisiae from different sources. METHODS:UPLC-QE-HF-MS/MS was adopted. The determination was performed on Zorbax Eclipse-C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.1% formic acid solution (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. The column temperature was 30 ℃,and the temperature of injector was 4 ℃. The sample size was 2 µL;ESI source was applied in negative and positive scanning ion mode ,the heater temperature was 325 ℃,the sheath gas pressure was 45 arb,the auxiliary gas pressure was 15 arb,the purge gas pressure was 1 arb,the electrospray voltage was 3.5 kV,the capillary temperature was 330 ℃, S-lens RF level was 55%,scan mode was first-order full sca m/z 100-1 500,data-dependent secondary mass spectrometry scanning (dd-MS2,Top N =10),the resolution was 70 000 (first mass spectrometry ) , 17 500 (secondary mass spectrometry),the collision mode was high-energy collision dissociation. Through retrieving foreign and domestic databases as ChemSpider ,mzCloud,mzVault,PubChem,the structure of the compound was identified on the basis of related literatures and reference data ,and the conten ts were compared. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:A total of 47 components were separated from Radix Ardisiae of 3 kinds of sources as Ardisia crenata Sims,A. crispa(Thunb.)A. DC. ,A. crenata Sims var . bicolor (Walk)C. Y. Wu et C. Chen. A total of 17 flavonoids were identified ,including 9 flavonols (quercetin 3-O-rhamnoside-7-O-glucoside, myricetin, rutin, mauritanin, kaempferol, quercetin, isorhamnetin, quercetin,mearnsitrin),3 flavan-3-ols [(-)-epigallocatechin,catechin,epigallocatechin gallate )2 dihydroflavonoids [fustin , eriodictyol] and 3 other types [ 3-(2,3-dihydro-benzo[1,4]dioxin-6-yl)-7-hydroxy-2-trifluoromethyl-chromen-4-one,methadone, oriciacridone F] ,10 coumarins {bergenin ,([ 7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-6-yl)oxy]acetic acid ,[7-(carboxymethoxy)- 4-methyl-2-oxo-2hydroxychromo-3-yl]acetic acid ,4,9-dihydroxy-7H-furo[3,2-g]chromen-7-one,6,7-dihydroxy-4-methylcoumarin, esculetin,fraxetin,7,8-dihydroxy-4-methylcoumarin,4-methylumbelliferyl glucuronide ,scoparone}. Results of content analysis showed that in flavonoids and coumarins ,there were 5 common components in Radix Ardisiae from 3 kinds of sources ,i.e. bergenin(peak 2),[7-(carboxymethoxy)-4-methyl-2-oxo-2-hydroxychromo-3-yl] acetic acid (peak 5),methadone(peak 16), quercetin(peak 18),oriciacridone F (peak 26);the contents of common components were significantly different. In addition to 5 common components ,there were 22 different chemical components ,which were compounds corresponding to peaks 1,3,4, 6-15,17,19-25 and 27,respectively. Among them ,compounds corresponding to peaks 3,6,8 and 23 were only found in A. crenata Sims var. bicolor(Walk)C. Y. Wu et C. Chen ;compounds corresponding to peaks 12-15,19 were only found in A. crispa (Thunb.)A. DC. UPLC-QE-HF-MS/MS method can efficiently ,accurately and quickly identify the flavonoids and coumarins in Radix Ardisiae from different sources.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 375-379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873409

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the correlation between systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and prognosis in patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 242 patients who were admitted to Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, from January 2015 to December 2018 and underwent surgery for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, and SII was calculated. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups, and a Spearman correlation analysis was performed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off value of SII; the Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves and analyze overall survival time in the two groups, and the log-rank test was used for comparison of survival rates between the two groups; univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify the influencing factors for the prognosis of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. ResultsThe Spearman correlation analysis showed that SII was positively correlated with the postoperative fatality rate of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (r=0.267, P<0.001). The ROC curve showed that the optimal cut-off value of SII before surgery was 758.92, and based on this, 242 patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis were divided into low SII (SII ≤758.92) group with 126 patients and high SII (SII >758.92) group with 116 patients. The low SII group had 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of 98.20%, 88.47%, and 6610%, respectively, and the high SII group had 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of 90.80%, 53.05%, and 27.40%, respectively. The low SII group had a cumulative survival rate of >50% and a mean survival time of 55.584 months (95% confidence interval[CI]: 53550-57.617), while the high SII group had a cumulative survival rate of <50%, a mean survival time of 39.384 months (95% CI: 35.070-43.698), and a median survival time of 43 months (95% CI: 34.694-51.306). The low SII group had a significantly better survival rate than the high SII group, and there was a significant difference in overall survival rate between the two groups (χ2=46.979, P<005). The univariate analysis showed that SII >758.92 (hazard ratio [HR]=5.907, 95% CI: 3.386-10.306, P=0.001) was an influencing factor for the overall survival time of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, and the multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that preoperative peripheral blood SII (HR=3.507, 95% CI: 1.911-6.435, P=0.001) was an independent risk factor for the overall survival rate of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. ConclusionPreoperative SII level is clearly correlated with the prognosis of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and can thus be used as a clinical indicator to evaluate the prognosis of patients. The higher the peripheral blood SII before surgery, the worse the prognosis of patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907134

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention on delivery outcomes of primipara. MethodsFrom July 2019 to July 2020, 300 primiparas with an uneventful pregnancy were recruited and divided into the control group and the intervention group, with 150 cases in each group. The control group was managed by routine nursing care, and the intervention group was managed by incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention. The delivery outcomes in two groups, including delivery route, postpartum blood loss, and perineal laceration were compared. ResultsAfter intervention, the cesarean section rate, the 2-hour postpartum blood loss and perineal laceration in the intervention group were less common than those in the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The first, second and total stages of labor duration in the intervention group were shorter than those in the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of neonatal asphyxia between these two groups (P>0.05). In terms of vaginal delivery experience scores of the two groups, the intervention group was better than the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). ConclusionThe mode of incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention can reduce the rate of cesarean section, the amount of bleeding 2 hours after delivery, and perineum injury. It can shorten the labor process, and effectively improve the delivery outcome of primiparas.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907111

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention on delivery outcomes of primipara. MethodsFrom July 2019 to July 2020, 300 primiparas with an uneventful pregnancy were recruited and divided into the control group and the intervention group, with 150 cases in each group. The control group was managed by routine nursing care, and the intervention group was managed by incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention. The delivery outcomes in two groups, including delivery route, postpartum blood loss, and perineal laceration were compared. ResultsAfter intervention, the cesarean section rate, the 2-hour postpartum blood loss and perineal laceration in the intervention group were less common than those in the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The first, second and total stages of labor duration in the intervention group were shorter than those in the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of neonatal asphyxia between these two groups (P>0.05). In terms of vaginal delivery experience scores of the two groups, the intervention group was better than the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). ConclusionThe mode of incentive spouse collaborative psychological intervention can reduce the rate of cesarean section, the amount of bleeding 2 hours after delivery, and perineum injury. It can shorten the labor process, and effectively improve the delivery outcome of primiparas.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906133

ABSTRACT

In traditional Chinese medicine, it is believed that the spleen is the foundation of acquired nature and the source of Qi and blood. All life activities of a person since birth depend on the water and grain essence transported by spleen and stomach. The liver helps the spleen to strengthen the movement, the liver and spleen cooperate with each other. The liver and the spleen are invigorated, so that the Qi and blood are sufficient. The external energy can nourish the limbs, muscles and fur. The Qi and blood can be supplied to the internal organs, meridians and bones, and the body can be nourished both inside and outside to strengthen the acquired foundation. Emotional dissatisfaction can lead to stagnation of liver Qi, loss of spleen Qi, failure to dredge Qi, and deficiency of spleen Qi, forming the syndrome of liver depression and spleen deficiency. Its clinical manifestations include the symptoms of liver Qi stagnation such as depression, stamina, and chest fullness, as well as symptoms of spleen deficiency such as anorexia, abdominal distension, loose stools. Xiaoyaowan is an effective classic prescription for the treatment of liver stagnation and spleen deficiency syndrome, which is based on the dosage form of Xiaoyaosan in Prescriptions of the Bureau of Taiping People's Welfare Pharmacy. It has the effect of relieving depression, nourishing blood and invigorating spleen. In modern research, it has been found that Xiaoyaowan has good curative effect in the treatment of endocrine diseases, liver diseases, immune diseases, and neurological diseases, etc. It was praised by the famous medical scientist YE Tian-shi in the Qing Dynasty as "the holy medicine for women", with a wide range of significant curative effects gynecology. Progress has been also made in pharmacological research. In this article, we have searched and consulted the relevant literature reports of Xiaoyaowan in recent years, summarized the key directions of the pharmacological research literature, and proposed deficiencies to provide relevant basis for the in-depth study of Xiaoyao pill in the future.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) for simultaneous determination of six hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Verbenae Herba, and to carry out preliminary risk assessment according to the research results. Method:An ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used for analysis with 0.05% formic acid and 2.5 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate in water (A)-0.05% formic acid and 2.5 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate in acetonitrile (B) as mobile phase for gradient elution (0-12 min, 3%-8%B; 12-25 min, 8%-15%B; 25-26 min, 15%-3%B; 26-30 min, 3%B), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the column temperature was 40 ℃, and the injection volume was 1 μL. MS system was operated by electrospray ionization (ESI) in the positive ion mode with multiple reaction monitoring mode. MS parameters of triple quadrupole and six analytes were optimized for qualitative and quantitative analysis. According to the determination results, the risk assessment was carried out by using margin of exposure (MOE) combined with transfer rate of hot water extraction. Result:Based on the instrument precision, linear range, repeatability, stability, recovery and other methodological validations, the results were in conformity with relevant standards of quantitative analysis. The linear ranges of intermedine, lycopsamine, intermedine <italic>N</italic>-oxide, lycopsamine<italic> N</italic>-oxide, echimidine<italic> N</italic>-oxide and echimidine were good (<italic>r</italic>≥0.999 0) between peak area and mass concentration in the ranges of 0.984-49.20, 0.994-49.70, 1.012-50.60, 1.032-51.60, 1.004-50.20, 1.016-50.80 µg·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. The average recoveries of these six analytes were 87.2%-94.2% with relative standard deviation (RSD)<4.0%. Their MOE values were >10 000. Conclusion:The UPLC-MS/MS established in this study is stable and feasible, which can provide scientific basis for the quality control and safety evaluation of hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Verbenae Herba.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905168

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To systematically analyze the framework and contents of World Health Organization (WHO) policy and action strategies on rehabilitation using the theory of WHO health service components, to explore the theoretical bases, methodology, framework and core elements of WHO's international rehabilitation policy. Methods:WHO has launched rehabilitation-related policy documents, mainly including Rehabilitation in Health Systems, Rehabilitation in Health Systems: Guide for Action, Rehabilitation Indicator Menu: a tool accompanying the Framework for Rehabilitation Monitoring and Evaluation (FRAME), Template for Rehabilitation Information Collection (TRIC): a tool accompanying the Systematic Assessment of Rehabilitation Situation (STARS), and established systems of international rehabilitation policy architecture system. Using content analysis, this study analyzed in detail the theoretical basis and methodology of international rehabilitation policy, the policy framework, and the core elements of the action strategy and priority areas of rehabilitation service development in perspective of WHO six building blocks of health system, namely leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service delivery, medical technology, and health information systems. Results:WHO rehabilitation policy is developed based on WHO's theories of person-centered health services, social determinants of health, and functioning, disability and health of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. WHO rehabilitation policy recognized that the development of rehabilitation was an important pathway achieving United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals 3, ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, i.e. Unlversal Health Coverage. This paper systematically analyzed WHO's international policy framework, action strategies, and development areas, content and priorities in six major areas: leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service delivery, medicine and technology, and health information systems. WHO rehabilitation policies advocates to develop national rehabilitation plans, to establish and improve rehabilitation leaderships and the development of mechanism and capacity of rehabilitation governance, to develop multiple approaches of rehabilitation financing, to integrate rehabilitation into health service system, provides different levels of rehabilitation services in the health service continuum, and to build networks of service delivery, to train professionals, to foster rehabilitation information system within health system, to enhance service quality and service coverage, to focus on key areas and priority programs to meet the diverse needs of different populations, and achieve universal health coverage; to include assistive technology into the rehabilitation service system as a field of medicine and technology; and to collect information on functioning and rehabilitation needs, outcomes and impacts of rehabilitation services in the health information system, and conduct evidence-based researches on rehabilitation systems. Conclusion:The framework and contents of WHO's international rehabilitation policies have systematically reviewed at the macro, meso, and micro levels with the perspective of WHO six building blocks of the health system. The goal of rehabilitation development is to achieve universal rehabilitation coverage. The conceptual theories of rehabilitation are based on the theories of people-centered health services and social determinants of health. Rehabilitation is an important initiative to achieve the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. The international rehabilitation health policy system is built on six major areas of rehabilitation: leadership and governance, rehabilitation financing, rehabilitation human resources, rehabilitation service delivery, rehabilitation-related medicine and technology, and rehabilitation and health information system. The policy and action strategies for rehabilitation development, as well as specific implementation paths and methods, at macro, meso and micro levels: theory and policy, policy action, and implementation methods and tools have been reviewed and discussed. The implementation of the WHO rehabilitation policies advocates to take the following actions: strengthening the leadership, governance, planning and coordination capacity of rehabilitation services; constructing a reasonable rehabilitation financing mechanism and raising necessary funds for rehabilitation; improving the training and guarantee mechanism of rehabilitation human resources; enhancing the professional capacity of rehabilitation personnel, improving the capacity of rehabilitation service delivery and improving service quality; improving the quality and accessibility of assistive products and assistive technology services; establishing health information system covering functioning, disability and rehabilitation, and conducting scientific researches on rehabilitation.

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