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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953755

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the rules of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the treatment of perimenopausal syndrome (PMS) and provide a theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of PMS. Methods The literature related to PMS were collected from China Knowledge Network (CNKI), Wanfang database and Weipu database in the past 20 years, the herbal compound prescriptions for the treatment of PMS were screened and a relevant database were established and analyzed by SPSS. Results The relevant literatures contains 184 Chinese medicine prescriptions/proprietary Chinese medicines, 122 flavors of traditional Chinese medicines, and the drug categories were mainly tonic drugs, antipyretic drugs, astringent drugs, and tranquilizers. The core single-flavor Chinese medicines were Baishao(Radix Paeoniae Alba), Shudihuang(Rehmannia glutinosa ), Danggui(Radix Angelicae Sinensis), Fuling (Indian Buead). The property and flavor covered sweet, bitter, cold, etc.; and the channel tropism belonged to the liver, kidneys, heart, lungs, spleen and meridians. The cluster analysis of high-frequency Traditional Chinese Medicine obtained two main combinations. Conclusion TCM treatment of PMS focused on replenishing qi, soothing the liver, nourishing the kidneys, nourishing blood and calming the heart, and then according to clinical compatibility with drugs such as soothing the nerves, clearing heat and removing dampness; most of its clinical treatment were Xiaoyaosan, Liuwei Dihuang pills, and Zhibo Rehmanniae decoction and other prescriptions which were added and subtracted.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1541-1554, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888819

ABSTRACT

Obesity and its associated complications are highly related to a current public health crisis around the world. A growing body of evidence has indicated that G-protein coupled bile acid (BA) receptor TGR5 (also known as Gpbar-1) is a potential drug target to treat obesity and associated metabolic disorders. We have identified notoginsenoside Ft1 (Ft1) from

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1958-1961, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607944

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the effectiveness and safety of liraglutide combined with insulin and glipizide in the treat-ment of subclinical hypothyroidism(SCH)complicated with type 2 diabetes in the elderly patients. METHODS:Totally 82 elderly patients with SCH complicated with type 2 diabetes were selected from our hospital during Dec. 2013-Dec. 2015,and then divided into trial group(40 cases)and control group(42 cases)according to random number table. Control group was given Insulin in-jection+Glipizide tablets. Trial group was additionally given Liraglutide injection 0.6 mg,sc,qd,on the basis of control group. Treatment courses of 2 groups lasted for 12 weeks. The levels of blood glucose [fasting glucose,postprandial 1 h and 2 h glucose,mean of daily differences(MODD),mean amplitude of glycemic excursions(MAGE)],glycosylated hemoglo-bin,body weight,total cholesterol,blood pressure [systolic blood pressure(SBP),diastolic blood pressure(DBP)],thyroid stimulating hormone(TSH)and homeostasis model assessment(HOMA-B)were observed in 2 groups before and after treat-ment. The occurrence of ADR was recorded. RESULTS:Totally 4 patients of control group withdrew from the study,and no one withdrew from the study in trial group. Before treatment,there was no statistical significance in the levels of blood glu-cose,glycosylated hemoglobin,body weight,total cholesterol,blood pressure,TSH and HOMA-B (P>0.05). After treat-ment,body weight and total cholesterol level of trial groups were significantly decreased and lower than those of control group,with statistical significance (P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Liraglutide com-bined with insulin and glipizide for elderly patients with SCH complicated with type 2 diabetes can effectively reduce blood glucose level,keep blood glucose stable,control the increase of body weight and improve islet B cell function with good safety.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670394

ABSTRACT

Isatidis Radix,the root of Isatis indigotica Fort.(Cruciferae),is a representitive herb widely used for clearing away heat-toxin in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).Lariciresinol is a representitive component of lignans and an important efficacious substance with the antiviral effect.This review elucidated the progress on its biosynthetic pathways,the screening of key regulatory genes and metabolic engineering of lignans components in Isatidis Radix,providing a favorable reference for the full understanding of biosynthesis of antiviral active components,the quality improvement of Isatidis Radix and the sustainable utilization of TCM resources.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442432

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of rosuvastatin calcium on lipid,vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),nitric oxide (NO),tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1 in hyperlipidemia patients.Methods One hundred and twenty-seven hyperlipidemia patients were randomly divided into two groups.Patients in the study group included 72 patients which were given rosuvastatin calcium 10 mg and enteric-coated aspirin 100 mg,orally,once a day for 8 weeks.The control group included 55 patients which were only given enteric-coated aspirin 100 mg,orally,once a day for 8 weeks.The change of lipid,VEGF,NO,TNF-α and IL-1 was observed before and after treatment.Results Before treatment,the level of total cholesterol(TC),triglyceride (TG),low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C),high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C),VEGF,NO,TNF-α and IL-1 in two groups had no significant difference (P > 0.05).After treatment,the level of TC,TG,LDL-C,TNF-α and IL-1 in study group were significantly lower than those in control group [(4.410 ± 0.688) mmol/L vs.(6.491 ± 0.744) mmol/L,(1.762 ± 0.834) mmol/L vs.(2.632 ± 0.792) mmol/L,(2.256 ± 0.347) mmol/L vs.(4.544 ± 0.493) mmol/L,(41.14 ± 5.41) ng/L vs.(71.34 ± 6.76) ng/L,(0.22 ± 0.18) μ g/L vs.(0.42 ± 0.23) μ g/L] (P < 0.05).The level of HDL-C,VEGF and NO in study group were significantly higer than those in control group [(1.807 ± 0.730) mmol/L vs.(1.432 ± 0.514) mmol/L,(564.86 ± 120.02) ng/L vs.(451.23 ± 100.72) ng/L,(42.39 ± 6.71) μ mol/L vs.(33.65 ± 6.24) μ mol/L](P< 0.05).No adverse reaction occurred in two groups.Conclusions Rosuvastatin calcium can obviously decrease the level of lipid,elevate the expression of VEGF and NO,and reduce the expression of TNF-α and IL-1.Rosuvastatin calcium can improve vascular endothelial function obviously in hyperlipidemia patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420382

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the diagnosis and prognosis value of clinical pneumonic infection score (CPIS) in patients with stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP).MethodsOne hundred and fifty stroke patients were evaluated and analyzed by CPIS.SAP was regarded as gold standard,and sensitivity,specificity,diagnose accordance rate,positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated.Results Thirty-nine patients had SAP and 111 patients did not have SAP by CPIS,and the incidence of SAP was 22.0% (33/150).CPIS diagnostic sensitivity was 84.8% (28/33),specificity was 90.6% ( 106/117 ),positive predictive value was 71.8% (28/39),negative predictive value was 95.5% (106/111),and diagnose accordance rate was 89.3%(134/150).The patients of SAP were divided into good prognosis (28 cases) and bad prognosis (5 cases),and the CPIS was significantly lower in patients of good prognosis 7 days after SAP than that in patients of bad prognosis[(4.21 ± 2.23) scores vs. (6.05 ±2.32) scores,P <0.05].ConclusionsNot only CPIS has higher diagnosis rate in SAP incidence,but also has good judgment to prognosis.It is worthy of clinical application.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-535439

ABSTRACT

Vital circulating endothelial cells (CEC) from peripheral blood of traumatic patients were successfuly isolated and cultured in vitro with a centrifugation method on density gradient of percoll. After culturing for 72 hr in vitro, the cells formed several dense groups. The technique of alkaline phosphatase monoclonal antioalkaline phosphatase (APAAP) found that the cells originated from vaslular endothelial cells (VEC). The results indicated that trauma could cause the detachment of VEC, and the culture of vital CEC from peripheral blood of traumatic patients may enlighten an attracting perspective.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-551348

ABSTRACT

The effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) on the activity of plasmogen acitva-tor inhibitor (PAD and the morphology of the cells were observed in the original passage of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). It was found that the TNF effect on the PAI was determined by the dosage of TNF, that is, 500U/ml of TNF could significantly activate PAT activity while 2500U/ml markedly inhibit it. Morphdogical observation canfirmed that 2500U/ml of TNF could injure HUVEC to form a kind of cells whose morphology was quite similar to that of circulating endothelial cells originating from peripheral blood.These findings suggest that TNF can stimulate HUVEC to increase the PAI acivity but too large a dosage of TNF could injure the metabolic function and structure of HUVEC.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515630

ABSTRACT

We have studied the effects of acute hypoxia and furosemide on intracranial dynamics in 15 conscious goats with a light water load. Eight goats were subjected to acute hypoxia (H group) and the remains, under the same hypoxic conditions, were injected with furosemide (F group). Hypoxia (simulated high altitude of 4000m for 2hr) obviously elevated the cerebral blood flow (CBF), the mean intracranial pressure (MICP) and the cerebral water content but reduced the intracranial compliance markedly. In contrast, no obvious differences was observed in all the above mentioned intracranial dynamic parameters in F group.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-550819

ABSTRACT

Obsevation on the circulating endothelial cells (CEC) can be used to study the changes of the vascular endothelial cells (VEC) in vivo,which is quite valuable in its clinical application.Neverthiless.the origin of CEC remains not clarified.In this study,the origin of CEC was investigated with cultures of the endothelial cells of human umbilical vein.It was found that CEC is a kind of cells existing in circulating blood and originating from desquamated VEC under physiological conditions.The direct proof of this conversion was provided.And the conversion of VEC to CEC is a process of steady progression.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-549059

ABSTRACT

Adult albino rats were exposed to simulated high altitude of 5000 m for 72 hours. Mild degree of interstitial pulmonary edema was observed under light microscope. Rats with the left lung excised were subjected to hypoxice of the same degree for 48 hours. On histologic examinations interstitial edema of the right lung was more obvious than that of the previous group. In isolated alveolus or in small groups of alveoli, edematous fluid could he seen.There were perivascular and peribronchial "Cuffs". The former were supposedto be accumulation of edema fluid leaking from the capillaries at the level of alveoli. The latter might be the result of extension of perivascular fluid to the peribrochial space.Excision of the left lung may result in a rise in pulmonary arterial pressure and over perfusion in certain areas remaining lung. Hypoxia may intensify the above changes. Pulmonary hypertension and overperfusion may in force promote the genesis of pulmonary edema.

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