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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799273

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in breast-conserving surgery followed neoadjuvant chemotherapy.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of 30 cases of breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2015 to September 2018. The average age was 54.3 years and the range was 28 to 70 years. For breast invasive ductal cancer, patients underwent breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and then received radiofrequency ablation. The clinical and pathological characteristics, postoperative complications, recurrence and metastasis, and cosmetic effects were observed.@*Results@#All 30 patients with breast-conserving surgery successfully completed radiofrequency ablation. The average outpatient follow-up was 22.5 months, ranging from 2 to 43 months, without local recurrence or metastasis; skin burns occurred in 2 cases (6.67%), and solid nodules formed in situ in 6 cases (20.00%); cosmetic satisfaction rate was 86.67% (26/30).@*Conclusions@#The radiofrequency ablation techniques applied in breast-conserving surgery have a high rate of technical success with relative low complication rates. And the radiofrequency ablation techniques may improve the cosmetic results after breast-conserving surgery and enhance local control.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 28-31,f4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799272

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application effect of fine needle aspiration cytology and sentinel lymph nodes stain assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasound in early breast cancer.@*Methods@#A patient with early breast cancer enrolled in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University received fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and the sentinel lymph nodes were stained with blue dye before a standard sentinel lymph nodes biopsy traced with indocyanine green. The axillary status accessed by these two methods were compared.@*Results@#Three sentinel lymph nodes were found and aspirated assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. Seven sentinel lymph nodes were obtained in sentinel lymph nodes biopsy surgery. All of these sentinel lymph nodes were negative. The stained sentinel lymph nodes could be recognized and dissected in open lymph nodes biopsy surgery.@*Conclusions@#Fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography could be a substitute for open sentinel lymph nodes biopsy. More related researches should be carry out to further compare these two methods.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 326-328, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of radiofrequency ablation in breast conserving surgery with breast carcinoma.Methods:With retrospective research methods, a total of 230 patients who were treated with radiofrequency ablation after breast conserving surgery in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to September 2018 were selected, patients were all females, the median age was 56 yecers, ranged from 27 to 91 years, and the postoperative efficacy, patients′ satisfaction with their appearance and complications were outpatient follow-up.Results:Follow-up for 18 months showed that 2 (0.87%) patients had postoperative recurrence and metastasis, 217 (94.35%) patients were satisfied with the postoperative breast appearance, and 8 patients (3.48%) had skin burns and in- situ sclerosing. Conclusions:Radiofrequency ablation is used in breast conserving surgery, which is simple to operate and has a low incidence of complications. It can strengthen local tumor control and improve the cosmetic effect of breast after conserving surgery, worthy of clinical promotion.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863266

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation in breast-conserving surgery followed neoadjuvant chemotherapy.Methods Retrospective analysis of 30 cases of breast cancer patients admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University from April 2015 to September 2018.The average age was 54.3 years and the range was 28 to 70 years.For breast invasive ductal cancer,patients underwent breast-conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy,and then received radiofrequency ablation.The clinical and pathological characteristics,postoperative complications,recurrence and metastasis,and cosmetic effects were observed.Results All 30 patients with breast-conserving surgery successfully completed radiofrequency ablation.The average outpatient follow-up was 22.5 months,ranging from 2 to 43 months,without local recurrence or metastasis;skin burns occurred in 2 cases (6.67%),and solid nodules formed in situ in 6 cases (20.00%);cosmetic satisfaction rate was 86.67% (26/30).Conclusions The radiofrequency ablation techniques applied in breast-conserving surgery have a high rate of technical success with relative low complication rates.And the radiofrequency ablation techniques may improve the cosmetic results after breast-conserving surgery and enhance local control.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 28-31,封4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863265

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application effect of fine needle aspiration cytology and sentinel lymph nodes stain assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasound in early breast cancer.Methods A patient with early breast cancer enrolled in Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University received fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and the sentinel lymph nodes were stained with blue dye before a standard sentinel lymph nodes biopsy traced with indocyanine green.The axillary status accessed by these two methods were compared.Results Three sentinel lymph nodes were found and aspirated assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography.Seven sentinel lymph nodes were obtained in sentinel lymph nodes biopsy surgery.All of these sentinel lymph nodes were negative.The stained sentinel lymph nodes could be recognized and dissected in open lymph nodes biopsy surgery.Conclusions Fine needle aspiration cytology assisted by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography could be a substitute for open sentinel lymph nodes biopsy.More related researches should be carry out to further compare these two methods.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 392-396,封3, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616791

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy of the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation to treat the early-stage breast cancer.Methods We collected 55 patients diagnosed early-stage breast cancer in retrospect,which started from January 2014 to December 2016.Twenty-seven of them were performed the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation while others went through laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery without radiofrequency ablation.Meanwhile,we adopted the student t-test and the chi-square test to compare results of two groups.More specific,the main indexes of this study are including the post-operative local recurrence,the incidence of fat liquefaction or the incision-infection,operation time,post-operative hospital stay and the hospitalization expense.Results The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had low local-recurrence than the laparoscopic breastconserving surgery group (0 and 7.69%).Additionally,there were no statistical differences between two groups in the incidence of fat liquefaction.However,The laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group had more hospitalization expense than the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery group [(4.1 ± 0.7) ten thousand yuan and (2.3 ± 0.6) ten thousand yuan,P < 0.05].Conclusions Although the laparoscopic breast-conserving surgery combined with radiofrequency ablation group remarkably increased the hospitalization expense because of the utility of the radiofrequency ablation related apparatus,it may provide the probability of shaving more residual tumor cell and may low down the recurrence,especially not rising up the incidence of the post-operative fat liquefaction.Therefore,this surgery method might be one of the potential developments in the minimal-invasive of early stage breast cancer.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1947-1953, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248075

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant female diseases worldwide. It is a significant threat to every woman's health. Vascular endothelial growth inhibitor (VEGI) is known to be abundant in endothelial cells. According to previous literature, overexpression of VEGI has been shown to inhibit tumor neovascularisation and progression in cellular and animal models, but there has been limited research on the significance of VEGI in the breast cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In our study, cell lines MDA-MB-231 were first constructed in which VEGI mediated by lentivirus over-expressed. The effects of VEGI over-expression on MDA-MB-231 cells were investigated both in vitro and in vivo. The expression of VEGI in the MDA-MB-231 cells after infection of lentivirus was analyzed using real-time PCR and Western blotting. The effect of the biological characteristics of MDA-MB-231 cells was assessed by growth, invasion, adhesion, and migration assay with subcutaneous tumor-bearing nude mice models. Then the growth curves of the subcutaneous tumors were studied. Expressions of VEGI, CD31 and CD34 in the tumors were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Infection of MDA-MB-231 cells within the lentivirus resulted in approximately a 1 000-fold increase in the expression of VEGI. As can be seen in the invasion, adhesion and migration assay, the over-expression of VEGI can inhibit the ability of MDA-MB-231 cells during migration, adhesion and invasion. The volume of the subcutaneous tumor in the over-expression group was distinctly and significantly less than that of the control groups. Immunohistochemistry analysis of the tumor biopsies clearly showed the expression of VEGI in the over-expression group increased while CD31 and CD34 decreased significantly. In vitro and in vivo, the early apoptosis rate and the apoptosis index were increased within the VEGI over-expression group as compared with the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Taken together, recombinant lentivirus that were successfully constructed, demonstrated up-regulated VEGI gene expression in breast cancer cells. Lentivirus-mediated over-expression of VEGI weakened the ability of the breast cancer cell migration, adhesion and invasion. Over-expression of VEGI diminished the tumorigenic capacity of breast cancer cells in vivo. Up-regulation of VEGI gene expression however inhibited breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cell in the early apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genetics , Physiology , Breast Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Physiology , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genetics , Physiology , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Humans , Lentivirus , Genetics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors , Genetics , Metabolism
8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 461-465,506, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597850

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of anti-angiogenesis therapy on proliferation and apoptosis of fibroblasts derived from keloids. Methods Thirty pieces of keloids from a patient were implanted into subcutaneous tissue of the nude mice, 24 pieces of which survived were divided into three groups which were treated with perilesional injection of vascular endothelial growth factor( VEGF) (0.4 mg/0.2 mL) , Endostar(0.125 g/0.2 mL) and physiological saline (0.2 mL)on the 21 d, 23 d, 25 d, 27 d after implantation. Sample were collected on the 10th day after perilesional injection, the proliferating fibroblasts in keloid tissue were immunohistochemically detected by proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression. The apoptotic cell was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP-nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. Results IHC staining indicated that PCNA expression of fibroblasts was significantly increased in keloid tissue after VEGF injection, PCNA expression of fibroblasts was significantly reduced in keloid tissue after Endostar injection,TUNEL assay revealed lower apoptotic cells expression in the keloid tissue after VEGF injection and higher in the Endostar group than control group. The rate of proliferative index (PI) , apoptotic index(AI) and AI/PI of fibroblasts in keloid after VEGF (PI:41.13 ±2.29,AI:5.75 ±1.28,AI/PI: 0.14 ± 0.04)or Endostar injection (PI:27.25 ±2.61,AI:11.00±1.31,AI/PI:0.41 ±0.09)and control group (PI: 34.75 ±3.62,AI:7. 88 ± 1.64,AI/PI:0. 23 ±0.07) showed statistical differences. Conclusion Anti-angiogenesis therapy is shown to induce keloid regression through suppression of keloid fibroblast proliferation,induction of apoptosis, which may be a new approach for the treatment of keloids.

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