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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881229

ABSTRACT

@#Multiple primary lung cancer is a special type of lung cancer. Its detection rate is increasing year by year, and there is no clear diagnosis and treatment strategy, which makes the diagnosis and treatment become a hotspot in clinical work. The molecular genetics is gradually changing the status quo of relying only on imaging and tumor-free interval to distinguish lung metastasis from multiple primary lung cancer, and it is an effective method for differential diagnosis and prediction of biological behavior of lung cancer. Based on our experience and other studies, it is recommended that surgical treatment should be preferred when there is no contraindication. The advantages and disadvantages of bilateral thoracoscopic surgery for bilateral multiple primary lung cancer during the same period are discussed, and its feasibility and safety are confirmed. For the lesions that cannot be completely resected, active surgical local treatment is recommended. The diagnosis and treatment of multiple primary lung cancer is still a clinical difficulty, and we hope that our research can provide theoretical and practical guidance for clinicians.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611871

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of Rapamycin (RAPA) on apoptosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia EU-4 cells induced by Methotrexate (MTX).Methods EU-4 cells were pretreated 0.5 h with 5 pμg/L,10 μg/L,25 μg/L,50 μg/L and 100 μg/L RAPA.RAPA untreated group was set up as control group.The cells were collected and the expression of LC-3 was assayed by using Western blot.The apoptosis of EU-4 cells was detected by using flow cytometry (FCM).The effects of different concentrations of RAPA pretreatment on autophagy and apoptosis of EU-4 cells were observed,and the pretreatment concentration of RAPA was determined.EU-4 cells were divided into RAPA pretreatment group and untreated group.The cells were treated with 0.05 μmol/L,0.10 pμmol/L and 0.20 μmol/L MTX for 24 h,respectively.The apoptotic rate was detected by using FCM.Western blot was performed to test the expression of LC-3 protein,while the absorbance(A562) was measured by using microplate reader,and the protein concentration in the sample was calculated according to the standard curve.Results The apoptotic rates of EU-4 cells in the control group and the different concentrations of PAPA pretreatment group showed that the control group,5 μg/L,10 μg/L,25 μg/L,50 μg/L and 100 μg/L RAPA were (7.51 ±0.32)%,(7.33 ±0.41)%,(7.71 ± 0.51) %,(7.63 ± 0.38) %,(7.80 ± 0.43) % and (16.66 ± 0.87) %,respectively.The apoptotic rates of EU-4 cells in the 5 μg/L,10 μg/L,25 μg/L and 50 μg/L PAPA pretreatment group had no significant difference from those in the control group(t =0.427,-0.417,-0.297,-3.561,all P > 0.05).The apoptotic rate of EU-4 cells in 100 μg/L PAPA pretreatment group was significantly higher than that in control group,and the difference was significant (t =-28.815,P < 0.01).Combined with the results of Western blot and FCM,50 μg/L was used as the pretreatment of PAPA.The apoptosis rates of EU-4 cells in PAPA pretreatment group were (50.23 ± 2.11) %,(66.88 ± 2.89) % and (73.11 ± 2.67) % after treated with 0.05 μmol/L,0.10 μmol/L and 0.20 μmol/L MTX for 24 h,respectively.The apoptotic rates of EU-4 cells in PAPA unpretreatment group were (22.53 ± 1.67) %,(42.82 ± 2.26) % and (53.22 ± 1.93)% after treated with 0.05 μmol/L,0.10 μmol/L and 0.20 μmol/L MTX for 24 h,respectively.The apoptotic rates of EU-4 cells in RAPA pretreatment group were significantly higher than those in untreated group in the same concentration of MTX treatment after 24 h,and the differences were significant(t =12.693,66.148,14.429;all P < 0.01).Conclusion With RAPA pretreatment,relative low dose MTX can induce a great deal of acute lymphoblastic leukemia EU-4 cells apoptosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 448-450, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434962

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the causes,management and prevention of major blood vessel injury during urological laparoscopic surgery.Methods Six cases of major blood vessel injuries happened in 1700 laparoscopic surgeries from January 2007 to July 2011.All of the cases were males.Patient age was (53 ± 14) years.There were 4 extraperitoneal and 2 transperitoneal procedures including 3 adrenalectomies,1 radical cystectomy,1 radical prostatectomy and 1 radical nephrectomy.There were lacerations in 3 cases of vena cava,2 cases of external iliac vein and one case of renal vein.The length of laceration was (0.68 ±0.29) cm and blood lost was (114 ++ 79) ml.Results Five of the patients were managed with laparoscopic techniques by suction compressing bleeding sites,dissecting related vessels,adding extra trocar and repairing laceration by suturing in four cases and clipping bleeding site in one case.The bleeding control management lasted (21.0 ± 5.6) min.One laparoscopic adrenalectomty for the treatment of pheochromocytoma converted to open surgery because of increasing blood pressure.All the patients were followed up for (4 ± 2) months.No more related complication occurred.Conclusions Lymph node dissection,local adhesion and energy source are the main causes for blood vascular injuries.This kind of injuries may occur at any stages during a laparoscopic surgery and laparoscopic repairing is safe and feasible.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 16-20, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428401

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influence of nocturnal prolonged hemodialysis (INHD) on patients' nutrition status. Methods Thirty-two maintenance hemodialysis patients received INHD (3 times per week and 7.5 hours each session) and thirty-five maintenance hemodialysis patients received conventional hemodialysis (3 times per week and 4 hours each session) as control were observed for 6 months.The nutrition status of these patients on various aspects which concluded physical measurements,laboratory tests,and dietary record at baseline(0month) and exit (6 months) were recorded. Results (1)There were no differences in age,sex,body weight,and primary diseases between two groups.(2)The body weight,triceps skinfold thickness (TSF),and hand grip strength increased at exit point,but no statistical difference compared with the control group.Mid-upper arm circumference (MAC) increased signicantly from (27.1±4.2) to (30.5±6.1) cm (P<0.05).Compared with the control group (26.9±3.4) cm,there was a significant difference (P<0.05).(3)Serum phosphate decreased significantly from (0.5±0.5) to (0.1±0.6) μ mol/L (P=0.001) in INHD group.(4)The nutrition status were improved in INHD group evaluated by subjective global assessment (SGA)(P=0.03).(5) Dietary intake was recorded by a 3-day food record.Dietary intake of energy,protein,lipid,calcium,potassium,and phosphate increased in INHD group.None of the differences achieved statistical significance between two groups. Conclusion As compared with conventional hemodialysis,INHD can increase the dietary intake,decrease serum phosphate level,and improve patients nutrition status.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 657-661, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383322

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy and safety of in-center nocturnal hemodialysis (INHD) in uremic patients. Methods Thirty-two maintenence hemodialysis (MHD) patients received INHD (3 times per week and 7.5 hours each session) for 6 months.Before and 1, 3 and 6 months after entering INHD, blood routine, hepatic and renal function,serum electrolyte, lipids, parathyroid hormone and β2-microglobulin(β2-MG) were assayed, Kt/V and URR were calculated. Blood pressure of each dialysis session 2 months before and 6 months after INHD was recorded. Cardiac ultrasound and SF-36 questionnaire before and after INHD were performed. Use of drugs was recorded. Results Compared with 2 months before INHD, predialysis BP decreased [(130.3/86.0) vs (139.3/88.6) mm Hg, P<0.01], while post-dialysis BP raised significantly [(121.1/80.5) vs (115.0/77.8) mm Hg, P<0.01] 6 months after INHD.Intradialysis hypertension (9.8%vs 24.0%) and hypotension (7.3% vs 14.9%) both reduced (all P<0.01). Serum phosphorus [(1.37±0.27) vs (2.08±0.49) mmol/L, P<0.01] and iPTH [(355.4±139.6) vs (632.3±750.0) ng/L, P<0.01] decreased, while calcium increased [(2.64±0.25) vs (2.28±0.37) mmol/L, P<0.01], HDL[(1.27±0.29) vs (0.75±0.08) mmol/L] increased, LDL [(2.04±0.52) vs (2.75±0.75) mmol/L] decreased (all P<0.05). URR [(79.7±0.1)% vs (64.7±4.7)%] and Kt/V (1.40±0.44 vs 0.89±0.25, P<0.01) increased. Serum β2-MG decreased [(17.3±3.9) vs (24.6±5.9) mg/L, P<0.01]. LVMI decreased [(99.8±29.0) vs (114.8±72.7), P<0.05]. Physical functioning, role-physical and role-emotional of SF-36 increased (all P<0.01). The types of antihypertension drug, dosage of EPO, Vitamin D3 and phosphorus binder decreased (all P<0.01).Patients of drug withdrawal increased (P<0.05). Conclusion The hypertension, anemia,calcium-phosphorus metabolism, lipid disorder, cardiac malfunction and the quality of life are improved in INHD patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 471-474, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388428

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the surgical treatment of contracted bladder caused by ketamine abuse. Methods Twenty-five ketamine male abusers were included in this study.The ages were from 19 to 28 years old and mean age was 24 years old.AIl of them had abused ketamine history for 0.7 tO 4.0 years,and presented with severe lower urinary tract symptoms.including severe frequency,urgency,urge incontinence,and painful haematuria.Urine cultures were negative.Hepatic function and renal function were normal.B ultrasound examination of 23 cases demonstrated the presence of bilateral hydronephrosis,the separation of renal pelvic was(1.8±0.7)cm.B ultrasound examination of 22 cases demonstrated residual urine was 45-1 50 ml,mean 80 m1.Twenty-three IVU investigations demonstrated the presence of bilateral hydronephrosis with calyces renales minores cycloidal expansion and bladder contraction.All the patients took the urodynamies with bladder capacity was (89±34)ml,end filling detrusor pressure was(48±26)cm H2O,Qmax was(7.8±2.3)ml/s,residual urine volume was(82±47)m1.All patients had cystoscopies and random biopsies performed showed ulcerative cystitis only.All patients were required to withdraw the narcotics and the experimental medicines were given without symptoms alleviated.Sigmoid cystoplasty was performed in all the 25 patients. Results The mean follow up was 18 months(rang 6 to 36).Compared with that before operation, bladder capacity increased to (375 ±53)ml, end filling detrusor pressure reduced to( 13 ±9)cm H2O, Qmax increased to(17.6±5.8)ml/s, residual urine volume reduced to(20±10)ml.Compared with the preoperative, there were statistically significant differences.There was no complained of urinary incontinence, enuresis, frequency, urgency.Urine routine examination was normal.IVU showed the vesicoureteral reflux disappeared in all patients, and calyces renales no expansion or calyces renales minores light degree expansion.B ultrasound examination that the separation of renal collecting was(1.0 ±0.5)cm. Conclusions Sigmoidcystoplasty could increase bladder capacity and compliance, lower the intravesieal pressure.It could improve the patients' quality of life.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432613

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose(18F-FDG)PET-CT and CT in diagnosing bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC).Methods The PET-CT and CT findings of 15 patients with BAC pathologically confirmed were retrospectively analyzed.Results According to 18F-FDG PET-CT,there was definite diagnosis of malignant in 8 cases(53.3 %),no exclusion of malignancies in 2 cases (13.3%),definite diagnosis of benign tumors in 5 cases(33.3%).The misdiagnosis rate of 18F-FDG PET-CT is higher.According to CT,there was definite diagnosis of malignant tumors in 11 cases(73.3 %),no exclusion of malignancies in 2 cases(13.3%),definite diagnosis of benign tumors in 2 cases(13.3%).Conclusion The false negative rate and the misdiagnosis rate are high when SUVmax as 2.5 was employed as criteria in the diagnosis of BAC.To improve diagnosis accuracy and decrease misdiagnosis of BAC,we should be familiar with the CT images of different BACs and adjust the SUVmax as a diagnosis value.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558210

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the video urodynamic abnormalities of women with lower urinary tract symptoms.Methods 38 females with lower urinary tract symptoms underwent video urodynamic test.Filling cystometry was done with 15% urographin saline fluid.A diagnosis was made in each case based on cystometrography finding,voiding pressure flow study,EMG and fluoroscopic appearance.Results Video urodynamic showed abnormalities in 23 cases(60.5%),including sensory urgency in 6,detrusor instability(DI) in 5,pseudodyssynergia(PDS) in 4,PDS+DI in 2,urethral orifice stricture in 2,DI+urgency incontinence in 1,impaired compliance in 1,bladder neck stricture in 1 and urethral diverticulum in 1.Conclusion Video urodynamic is useful not only for understanding the abnormalities of functions and morphology of women with lower urinary tract symptoms,but also for properly diagnosing and treating such cases.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-538433

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the surgical technique and clinical application of retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyelolithotomy and ureterolithotomy with no suture of the incision. Methods Twenty-five patients who had upper urinary tract calculi with the course from 10 months to 6 years were enrolled.The size of the calculi was 1.2 to 3.1 cm in diameter.ESWL was ineffecative in 14 of the patients and ureteroscopic lithotomy failed in 2 of them.Then the 25 patients underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyelolithotomy and ureterolithotomy.Details of the procedure were presented. Results All the operations were successful in the 25 patients. The operations took 60 to 190 min with a mean time of 105 min.All the patients fully recovered with no complication observed during the 9~12 months' follow-up. Conclusions Retroperitoneal laparoscopy surgery with no suture of the incision has advantages of minimal invasive,safe,effective and rapid postoperative rehabilitation.The surgical procedure has a good prospect in the urologic clinical practice.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590721

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the surgical skills and clinical value of transperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy.Methods Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy was performed on 70 patients with renal cancers through the transperitoneal approach. After the lateral peritoneum was dissected, the vessels in the renal pedicle was controlled and the nephrectomy was carried out. Results The transperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy was completed in all the 70 patients without conversion to open surgery. The operation time was 90-230 min with a mean of 130 min. No patient received blood transfusion intra- and postoperation. No severe complications occurred in this series. The hospital stay was 4-8 d with a mean of 6.2 d. The patients were followed up for 2-78 months (mean, 47); no recurrence of renal tumor was found during this period. Conclusions Transperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy shows high clinical value owing to its advantages in minimal injury, safety, feasibility, and quick postoperative recovery.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-677151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To demonstrate whether L carnitine can further improve the effect of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in treatment of anemia. Methods: The patients were randomly divided into 3 groups, group A : L carnitine 1.0 g intravenously infused after every dialysis session; group B: rhEPO 50 150 IU/kg subcutaneously injected once or twice a week; group C: L carnitine and rhEPO given together. The serum albumin, hemoglobin(Hb) and hematocrit(Hct) were monitored for 6 months. Results: The albumin value in L carnitine group was significantly higher than that in rhEPO group ( P

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